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TRAM flap

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422883/transverse-rectus-abdominis-myocutaneous-flap-for-postpneumonectomy-bronchopleural-fistula-a-case-report
#1
Jen-Wu Huang, Yi-Ying Lin, Nai-Yuan Wu, Chien-Ho Tsai
RATIONALE: Numerous types of flap coverage have been reported to prevent or to repair bronchopleural fistulas. Most of the flaps were harvested from chest area. However, these pedicled flaps might not be optimal for the patient who has undergone previous radiotherapy on pulmonary parenchyma because the pedicle artery of the flap might have been injured by irradiation. Therefore, an alternative flap outside of the chest area is necessary. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 61-year-old male was diagnosed of squamous cell carcinoma in right upper lobe lung (cT3N2M0, stage IIIa)...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403263/microneedling-in-all-skin-types-a-review
#2
Lauren Meshkov Bonati, Gorana Kuka Epstein, Tamara Lazic Strugar
<p>INTRODUCTION: Microneedling procedures are growing in popularity for a wide variety of skin conditions. This paper comprehensively reviews the medical literature regarding skin needling efficacy and safety in all skin types and in multiple dermatologic conditions.</p> <p>METHODS: A PubMed literature search was conducted in all languages without restriction and bibliographies of relevant articles reviewed. Search terms included: "microneedling," "percutaneous collagen induction," "needling," "skin needling," and "dermaroller...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332035/opportunistic-biopsy-of-internal-mammary-lymph-nodes-during-immediate-breast-reconstruction-after-mastectomy-for-breast-malignancies
#3
Ki Yong Hong, Han-Byoel Lee, Sangjun Yim, Jongho Lee, Tae-Yong Kim, Wonshik Han, Ung Sik Jin
BACKGROUND: This study was designed to explore the clinicopathological factors associated with internal mammary lymph node (IMN) metastasis in radiologically IMN-negative breast malignancies and to discuss the clinical value of opportunistic biopsy during immediate breast reconstruction using free flaps, where the internal mammary vessels are the recipient. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed patients who received curative total mastectomy for breast malignancy followed by immediate reconstruction using transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous (TRAM) free flap...
March 22, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289616/nipple-reconstruction-using-the-c-v-flap-technique-long-term-outcomes-and-patient-satisfaction
#4
Lona Jalini, Jonathan Lund, Vijay Kurup
BACKGROUND: Nipple creation using the C-V flap technique is often the final step in breast reconstruction. The aim of this study was to subjectively and objectively assess the cosmetic outcomes and satisfaction of patients undergoing C-V flap nipple reconstruction. METHODS: Subjective assessments of patient satisfaction with the neo-nipple were recorded by visual analogue scoring (VAS; 0-10). Objective measurements were performed using a calliper to measure nipple projection relative to the native breast...
January 2017: World Journal of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277073/enhancement-of-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-s-angiogenic-capacity-by-the-therapeutic-modulation-of-notch-signalling-improves-tram-flap-survival-in-rats-submitted-to-nicotine
#5
Ozan Luay Abbas, Yunus Kasım Terzi, Orhan Özatik, Fikriye Yasemin Özatik, Gamze Turna, Rukiye Nar, Ahmet Musmul
BACKGROUND: Smoke of cigarettes, and specifically nicotine, has been shown to diminish pedicled transverse rectus abdominis musculocutaneous (TRAM) flap survival. Considering that Notch signalling through its ligand Delta-like 4 (Dll4) functions as anti-angiogenic factor by inhibiting the pro-angiogenic effects of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), it is hypothesised that inhibition of the Notch would promote angiogenesis and increase TRAM flap survival in rats submitted to nicotine...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255154/immediate-simultaneous-bilateral-breast-reconstruction-with-deep-inferior-epigastric-diep-free-flap-and-transverse-rectus-abdominis-musculocutaneous-tram-pedicled-flap
#6
E J Roslan, E G Kelly, M A Zain, N H Basiron, F H Imran
Breast reconstructive surgery has evolved tremendously since its inception. Following tumour clearance surgery, physical restoration with breast reconstruction is an important aspect of physical and emotional rehabilitation. Various methods have been described to suit patients demand for the best aesthetic outcome. Surgeon's preference, experience and practicality of differing procedures must be considered. We describe a simultaneous bilateral breast reconstruction with free deep inferior epigastric (DIEP) flap and pedicled transverse rectus abdominis musculocutaneous (TRAM) flap immediately post mastectomies for bilateral breast cancers...
February 2017: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250439/a-retrospective-study-of-lymphatic-transverse-rectus-abdominis-myocutaneous-deep-inferior-epigastric-perforator-flaps-for-breast-cancer-treatment-induced-upper-limb-lymphoedema
#7
Zhuangqing Yang, Sheng Huang, Jiankui Wang, Yan Xi, Xiaojuan Yang, Qi Tang, Juan Du, Jianyun Nie, Tianning Zou, Shaoqing Zhou, Xueliang Tang, Dedian Chen
Breast cancer-related lymphoedema (BCRL) is a common and intractable complication. To evaluate the possible complications of using lymphatic transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous/deep inferior epigastric perforator (TRAM/DIEP) flaps for breast reconstruction and BCRL treatment, 20 patients with moderate or severe BCRL were retrospectively enrolled between November 2012 and October 2014. 10 patients had undergone lymphatic TRAM/DIEP flap surgery were assigned to the surgery group. 10 patients unwilling to undergo reconstruction were assigned to the physiotherapy group treated with traditional physical therapy...
December 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210557/desmoid-tumor-following-abdominally-based-free-flap-breast-reconstruction
#8
Christine Oh, Ziyad S Hammoudeh, Brian T Carlsen
Desmoid tumors are fibroblastic connective tissue tumors that most commonly develop within the anterior abdominal wall. The etiology of desmoid tumors has not been well defined; however, hereditary, hormonal, traumatic, and surgery-related causes have been implicated. Desmoid tumors are believed to arise from musculoaponeurotic structures. Development in the breast is very rare. Several reports of desmoid tumors arising in the vicinity of the fibrous capsule of a breast implant have been described, but to date, the authors are not aware of any published cases following autologous breast reconstruction...
February 2017: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203559/fulminant-course-in-a-case-of-malignant-phyllodes-tumor
#9
Young Woo Chang, Hwan Soo Kim, Deok Woo Kim, Gil Soo Son
We present the case of a 31-year-old woman with an inflammatory and ulcerative malignant phyllodes tumor in her right breast. A right modified radical mastectomy and transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous (TRAM) flap were performed. A month after the initial operation, several masses recurred at the superior margin and deep margin of the TRAM flap. Wide excision was performed, but masses recurred at the inferior margin and in both lung fields 2 weeks after the second operation. Six weeks after the second operation, the patient died due to progression of dyspnea and respiratory failure...
February 2017: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198179/breast-reconstruction-after-mastectomy-for-breast-cancer-comparative-analysis-of-early-and-delayed-reconstruction
#10
William Seidel, Jorge Bins Ely, Daniel Ongaratto Barazzetti, Renata Della Giustina, Gustavo P Walter, Thiago A Ferri, Rosemeri Maurici, Janaína L Narciso-Schiavon
BACKGROUND: Early reconstruction after mastectomy for breast cancer with definitive implants has been widely used, especially with the evolution of conservative surgical breast cancer treatments. We aimed to identify different characteristics associated with plastic surgery, based on immediate or delayed reconstruction time and evaluate quality of life in patients undergoing mastectomy for cancer. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional analytical study that evaluated adult patients undergoing mastectomy for breast cancer and breast reconstruction in Plastic Surgery Service at a tertiary hospital...
February 14, 2017: Minerva Chirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155011/photobiomodulation-laser-and-pulsed-electrical-field-increase-the-viability-of-the-musculocutaneous-flap-in-diabetic-rats
#11
Gabriella de Paula Marcondes Ferreira Leite, Lais Mara Siqueira das Neves, Carlos Alberto Silva, Rinaldo Roberto de Jesus Guirro, Thamires Rodrigues de Souza, Ana Karina de Souza, Sérgio Britto Garcia, Elaine Caldeira de Oliveira Guirro
The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of pulsed electrical field (PEF) and photobiomodulation laser (PBM) on the viability of the TRAM flap in diabetic rats. Fifty Wistar rats were divided into five homogeneous groups: Group 1-control; Group 2-diabetics; Group 3-diabetics + PEF; Group 4-diabetic + laser 660 nm, 10 J/cm(2), 0.27 J; Group 5-diabetic + laser 660 nm, 140 J/cm(2), 3.9 J. The percentage of necrotic area was evaluated using software Image J®. The peripheral circulation of the flap was evaluated by infrared thermography FLIR T450sc (FLIR® Systems-Oregon USA)...
April 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092334/is-enhanced-recovery-the-new-standard-of-care-in-microsurgical-breast-reconstruction
#12
Anoushka Afonso, Sabine Oskar, Kay See Tan, Joseph J Disa, Babak J Mehrara, Jihan Ceyhan, Joseph H Dayan
BACKGROUND: At present, there are limited data available regarding the use and feasibility of enhanced recovery pathways for patients undergoing microsurgical breast reconstruction. The authors sought to assess patient outcomes before and after the introduction of an enhanced recovery pathway that was adopted at a single cancer center. METHODS: A multidisciplinary enhanced recovery pathway was developed for patients undergoing deep inferior epigastric perforator or free transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous flap breast reconstruction...
May 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079533/national-and-regional-differences-in-32-248-postmastectomy-autologous-breast-reconstruction-using-the-updated-national-inpatient-survey
#13
Parisa Kamali, Marek A Paul, Ahmed M S Ibrahim, Pieter G L Koolen, Winona Wu, Marc L Schermerhorn, Bernard T Lee, Samuel J Lin
BACKGROUND: The incidence of breast cancer (BC) cases has increased significantly. The number of breast reconstruction (BR) procedures performed has mirrored this trend. Although implant-only procedures remain the most commonly used type of immediate BR, autologous techniques involving donor sites account for approximately 20%. The aim of this study was to assess national and regional trends in different types of autologous BR. METHODS: Using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample database (2008 to 2012), data on BC and mastectomy rates, type of autologous BR, and sociodemographics were obtained and analyzed...
January 10, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052051/deep-inferior-epigastric-perforator-versus-free-transverse-rectus-abdominis-myocutaneous-flap-complications-and-resource-utilization
#14
Yasmina Zoghbi, David J Gerth, Jun Tashiro, Samuel Golpanian, Seth R Thaller
INTRODUCTION: Abdominal based breast reconstruction exists in a continuum from pedicled transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous (TRAM) flap to deep inferior epigastric perforator (DIEP) free flap. DIEP flap has the advantage of complete rectus abdominis sparing during harvest, thus decreasing donor site morbidity. Aim of this study is to determine whether the surgical advantages of the DIEP flap impact postoperative outcomes versus the free TRAM flap (fTRAM). METHODS: We reviewed the Nationwide Inpatient Sample database (2010-2011) for all cases of DIEP and fTRAM breast reconstruction...
May 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035905/a-rare-case-of-umbilical-metastasis-after-delayed-transverse-rectus-abdominis-myocutaneous-flap-reconstruction-for-invasive-breast-cancer
#15
Nicky Claire Seymour, Rathi Rathinaezhil
A 46-year-old female presented with an inflamed and painful umbilicus. Past medical history included breast cancer, followed by metastatic sternal cancer two years after the initial breast cancer diagnosis.The painful umbilicus was confirmed metastasis from a primary breast cancer she had treated eleven years previously.Metastases to the umbilicus are rare, and are usually gastrointestinal in origin. To our knowledge this is the first report of a metastasis from any primary cancer to the umbilicus after transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous flap (TRAM)...
December 29, 2016: Breast Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032178/comparison-of-aesthetic-outcomes-between-vertical-and-horizontal-flap-insets-in-breast-reconstruction-with-the-tram-or-diep-flaps
#16
Woo Shik Jeong, Wooyeon Han, Jin Sup Eom
BACKGROUND: Tissue transfer, such as use of the transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous (TRAM) or deep inferior epigastric artery perforator (DIEP) free flaps, is considered a standard method. However, outcomes may vary among inset methods. Here we compared the aesthetic outcomes of breast reconstructions using vertical and horizontal flap inset methods. METHODS: We, respectively, reviewed 274 patients who underwent unilateral post-mastectomy breast reconstruction using TRAM or DIEP free flaps between April 2006 and December 2013...
December 28, 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988412/breast-reconstruction-after-mastectomy-a-ten-year-analysis-of-trends-and-immediate-postoperative-outcomes
#17
Nicole Ilonzo, Ashley Tsang, Sara Tsantes, Alison Estabrook, Aye Moe Thu Ma
The landscape of breast reconstruction has changed significantly. This study assesses trends in type of reconstruction performed after mastectomy and impact on immediate postoperative complications. METHODS: Data for 67,450 patients undergoing mastectomy for breast cancer were analyzed using the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) database for years 2005-2014. Primary outcomes were wound, nonwound related infections, and bleeding complications. Data were analyzed by univariate and multivariate analysis...
April 2017: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913969/laser-photobiomodulation-830-and-660%C3%A2-nm-in-mast-cells-vegf-fgf-and-cd34-of-the-musculocutaneous-flap-in-rats-submitted-to-nicotine
#18
Lais Mara Siqueira das Neves, Gabriella de Paula Marcondes Ferreira Leite, Alexandre Marcio Marcolino, Carlos Eduardo Pinfildi, Sérgio Britto Garcia, João Eduardo de Araújo, Elaine Caldeira de Oliveira Guirro
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of laser photobiomodulation (PBM) on the viability of the transverse rectus abdominis musculocutaneous (TRAM) flap in rats subjected to the action of nicotine. We evaluated 60 albino Wistar rats, divided into six groups of ten animals. Group 1 (saline) underwent the surgical technique to obtain a TRAM flap; group 2 (laser 830 nm) underwent the surgical technique and was irradiated with a laser 830 nm; group 3 (laser 660 nm) underwent the surgical technique and was irradiated with a laser 660 nm; group 4 was treated with nicotine subcutaneously (2 mg/kg/2×/day/4 weeks) and underwent surgery; group 5 (nicotine + laser 830 nm) was exposed to nicotine, underwent the surgical technique, and was irradiated with a laser 830 nm; group 6 (nicotine + laser 660 nm) was exposed to nicotine, underwent the surgical technique, and was irradiated with a laser 660 nm...
February 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798949/impact-of-time-interval-between-radiation-and-free-autologous-breast-reconstruction
#19
Aaron B Mull, Ali A Qureshi, Ema Zubovic, Yuan J Rao, Imran Zoberi, Ketan Sharma, Terence M Myckatyn
Background To evaluate whether the timing of surgery after radiation in autologous breast reconstruction affects major complications. Methods We performed a retrospective review of 454 free flaps (331 patients) for breast reconstruction at a single institution from 2003 to 2014. Charts were reviewed for age, BMI, laterality, flap type (TRAM, msTRAM, DIEP), surgeon, donor vessels (IMA, TD), chemotherapy, smoking, diabetes, hypertension, DVT, venous anastomoses, vein size, and time from radiation (none, < 12 months, or ≥ 12 months)...
February 2017: Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785362/low-intensity-pulsed-ultrasound-stimulation-in-different-regions-in-the-viability-of-myocutaneous-flaps
#20
Fernanda Luiza de Almeida Albuquerque, Lais Mara Siqueira das Neves, Elaine Caldeira de Oliveira Guirro
BACKGROUND: Low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) has presented good results in the healing of chronic wounds. The objective of this study was to compare the effect of LIPUS on the viability of transverse rectus abdominal muscle (TRAM) flap in different regions (central and epigastric) in rats. METHODS: Twenty-one Wistar male rats were homogeneously distributed into three groups as follows: group 1 (control), animals submitted to surgery only; group 2, animals submitted to surgery and application of LIPUS at the center of the flap; and group 3, animals submitted to surgery and application of LIPUS at the flap area corresponding to the right inferior epigastric artery pedicle...
2016: Journal of Therapeutic Ultrasound
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