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Interleukin 17

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352770/concentration-dependent-effect-of-bleaching-agents-on-the-immunolabeling-of-interleukin-6-interleukin-17-and-cd5-positive-cells-in-the-dental-pulp
#1
F Benetti, J E Gomes-Filho, L L Ferreira, G Sivieri-Araújo, E Ervolino, A L F Briso, L T A Cintra
AIM: To evaluate lymphocyte-like cell activation (CD5-positive cells) and the expression of interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-17 in the pulp after dental bleaching with two concentrations of hydrogen peroxide (H2 O2 ). METHODOLOGY: The right and left maxillary molars from 40 rats were treated randomly with bleaching gel with 20% H2 O2 (BLUE group, 1 application of 50 min), 35% H2 O2 (MAXX group, 3 applications of 15 min), or placebo gel (Control). After 2 and 30 days, the rats were killed (n=10), and the jaws were processed for histological and immunohistochemistry analysis of the pulp tissue...
January 20, 2018: International Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348820/effects-of-different-cytokines-on-immune-responses-of-rainbow-trout-in-a-virus-dna-vaccination-model
#2
Yongsheng Cao, Qiya Zhang, Liming Xu, Shaowu Li, Di Wang, Jingzhuang Zhao, Hongbai Liu, Jian Feng, Tongyan Lu
Seven rainbow trout cytokine genes (interleukin (IL)-2, IL-8, IL-15, IL-17, IL-1β, intracellular interferon (iIFN) 1a, and IFN-γ2) were evaluated for their adjuvant effects on a DNA vaccine, called pG, containing the glycoprotein gene of infectious hematopoietic necrosis virus (IHNV). Distinct DNA constructs in expression plasmid pcDNA3.1 encoding a cytokine gene were generated. Immunofluorescence assays in rainbow trout gonadal cells demonstrated successful protein expression from all these constructs. Subsequently, fish were immunized with pG alone or together with a cytokine expression plasmid...
December 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346060/a-combination-with-probiotic-complex-zinc-and-coenzyme-q10-attenuates-autoimmune-arthritis-by-regulation-of-th17-treg-balance
#3
Seon-Young Lee, Seung Hoon Lee, JooYeon Jhun, Hyeon-Beom Seo, Kyung Ah Jung, Chul Woo Yang, Sung-Hwan Park, Mi-La Cho
Probiotic complex, zinc, and coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) are recognized dietary supplements with an anti-inflammatory role. Although these supplementations are individually known to benefit rheumatoid arthritis (RA), there is no evidence suggesting any synergic effect. The primary goal of this study is to determine whether probiotic complex, zinc, and CoQ10 attenuate the development of collagen-induced arthritis (CIA). The combination of probiotic complex, zinc, and CoQ10 reduced CIA severity by downregulating the levels of IgG, IgG1, and IgG2a in serum...
January 2018: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345518/bacterial-pathogenesis-and-interleukin-17-interconnecting-mechanisms-of-immune-regulation-host-genetics-and-microbial-virulence-that-influence-severity-of-infection
#4
Michelle N Chamoun, Antje Blumenthal, Matthew J Sullivan, Mark A Schembri, Glen C Ulett
Interleukin-17 (IL-17) is a pro-inflammatory cytokine involved in the control of many different disorders, including autoimmune, oncogenic, and diverse infectious diseases. In the context of infectious diseases, IL-17 protects the host against various classes of microorganisms but, intriguingly, can also exacerbate the severity of some infections. The regulation of IL-17 expression stems, in part, from the activity of Interleukin-23 (IL-23), which drives the maturation of different classes of IL-17-producing cells that can alter the course of infection...
January 18, 2018: Critical Reviews in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344664/crucial-role-of-ox40-ox40l-signaling-in-a-murine-model-of-asthma
#5
Wei Lei, Daxiong Zeng, Gaoqin Liu, Yehan Zhu, Jiajia Wang, Hongya Wu, Junhong Jiang, Jianan Huang
The aim of the present study was to explore the roles of OX40/OX40 ligand (OX40L) signaling and OX40+ T cells in ovalbumin (OVA)‑induced mouse asthma model. Asthma was induced by OVA exposure and subsequent co‑treatment with OX40L protein, neutralizing anti‑OX40L blocking antibody, OX40+ T cells or PBS. The protein expression levels of interleukin (IL)‑4, IL‑6, IL‑13, IL‑17, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)‑α and interferon (IFN)‑γ in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) were examined using murine cytokine‑specific ELISA...
January 18, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344327/secukinumab-a-review-of-the-anti-il-17a-biologic-for-the-treatment-of-psoriasis
#6
REVIEW
Jillian Frieder, Dario Kivelevitch, Alan Menter
Psoriasis is a systemic inflammatory disease associated with numerous comorbidities and a profound impact on patients' quality of life. While its complex immune pathogenesis is still not fully delineated, current evidence supports a fundamental role of the T-helper-17 (TH-17) pathway and its related interleukin-17 (IL-17) cytokine. Thus, new antipsoriatic therapies have been developed to block this key cytokine and its downstream effects. Secukinumab is a fully humanized, monoclonal anti-IL-17A antibody, and the first in its class to be approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of moderate to severe plaque psoriasis...
January 2018: Therapeutic Advances in Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344257/involvement-of-soluble-b7-h3-in-combination-with-the-serum-inflammatory-cytokines-interleukin-17-8-and-6-in-the-diagnosis-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#7
Fenghuang Xu, Junzhu Yi, Feifei Wang, Weiwei Wang, Zhuoya Wang, Jiangnan Xue, Xiying Luan
Previous studies have demonstrated that B7-H3, and the inflammatory cytokines interleukin (IL)-17, IL-8 and IL-6, are involved in the development of a variety of tumors. The objectives of the present study were: i) To investigate the association between soluble B7-H3 (sB7-H3) and cytokine levels of IL-17, IL-8 and IL-6 in the serum of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC); and ii) to determine their potential value for use in HCC diagnosis. Serum sB7-H3, IL-17, IL-8 and IL-6 levels in the HCC patients and healthy control subjects were measured using ELISA...
December 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344110/anti-interleukin-and-interleukin-therapies-for-psoriasis-current-evidence-and-clinical-usefulness
#8
REVIEW
Ya-Chu Tsai, Tsen-Fang Tsai
Anti-interleukin (IL) therapies have emerged as a major treatment for patients with moderate-to-severe psoriasis. This article reviews the up-to-date results of pivotal clinical trials targeting the interleukins used for the treatment of psoriasis, including IL-1, IL-2, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-12, IL-17, IL-20, IL-22, IL-23, IL-36 and bispecific biologics IL-17A/tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α). Cytokines involved in the circuits of psoriasis inflammation without ongoing clinical trials are also mentioned (IL-9, IL-13, IL-15, IL-16, IL-18, IL-19, IL-21, IL-24, IL-27, IL-33, IL-35, IL-37, and IL-38)...
November 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Musculoskeletal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342131/survey-of-plasma-proteins-in-children-with-progeria-pre-therapy-and-on-therapy-with-lonafarnib
#9
Leslie B Gordon, Susan E Campbell, Joseph M Massaro, Ralph B D'Agostino, Monica E Kleinman, Mark W Kieran, Marsha A Moses
BACKGROUND: Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome (HGPS) is an ultra-rare, fatal, segmental premature aging syndrome caused by the aberrant lamin A protein, progerin. The protein farnesyltransferase inhibitor, lonafarnib, ameliorates some aspects of cardiovascular and bone disease. STUDY DESIGN: We performed a prospective longitudinal survey of plasma proteins in 24 children with HGPS (an estimated 10% of the world's population at the time) at baseline and on lonafarnib therapy, compared to age and gender-matched controls using a multi-analyte, microsphere-based immune-fluorescent assay...
January 17, 2018: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341486/rheumatoid-arthritis-and-periodontal-disease-what-are-the-similarities-and-differences
#10
REVIEW
Rongbin Li, Cheng Tian, Arnold Postlethwaite, Yan Jiao, Franklin Garcia-Godoy, Debendra Pattanaik, Dongmei Wei, Weikuan Gu, Jianwei Li
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and periodontal disease (PD) are chronic inflammatory diseases that share similar osteoclasia, human leukocyte antigen-DR4 allelic genes and immunological profile, and characteristic cytokines. Smoking can contribute to more severe RA and PD; secretion of pro-inflammatory mediators destroys the soft synovial membrane and periodontium, respectively. Anti-citrullinated protein antibodies and anti-α-enolase antibody are characteristic of these two diseases. Some studies suggest that PD may be associated with RA...
December 2017: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336663/lactobacillus-acidophilus-improves-intestinal-inflammation-in-an-acute-colitis-mouse-model-by-regulation-of-th17-and-treg-cell-balance-and-fibrosis-development
#11
Jin-Sil Park, JeongWon Choi, JooYeon Jhun, Ji Ye Kwon, Bo-In Lee, Chul Woo Yang, Sung-Hwan Park, Mi-La Cho
Disruption of the balance among the microbiota, epithelial cells, and resident immune cells in the intestine is involved in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Probiotics exert protective effects against IBD, and probiotic commensal Lactobacillus species are common inhabitants of the natural microbiota, especially in the gut. To investigate the effects of Lactobacillus acidophilus on the development of IBD, L. acidophilus was administered orally in mice with dextran sodium sulfate (DSS)-induced colitis...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335605/dietary-salt-promotes-neurovascular-and-cognitive-dysfunction-through-a-gut-initiated-th17-response
#12
Giuseppe Faraco, David Brea, Lidia Garcia-Bonilla, Gang Wang, Gianfranco Racchumi, Haejoo Chang, Izaskun Buendia, Monica M Santisteban, Steven G Segarra, Kenzo Koizumi, Yukio Sugiyama, Michelle Murphy, Henning Voss, Joseph Anrather, Costantino Iadecola
A diet rich in salt is linked to an increased risk of cerebrovascular diseases and dementia, but it remains unclear how dietary salt harms the brain. We report that, in mice, excess dietary salt suppresses resting cerebral blood flow and endothelial function, leading to cognitive impairment. The effect depends on expansion of TH17 cells in the small intestine, resulting in a marked increase in plasma interleukin-17 (IL-17). Circulating IL-17, in turn, promotes endothelial dysfunction and cognitive impairment by the Rho kinase-dependent inhibitory phosphorylation of endothelial nitric oxide synthase and reduced nitric oxide production in cerebral endothelial cells...
January 15, 2018: Nature Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333980/percentages-of-pd-1-cd4-t-cells-and-pd-l1-dcs-are-increased-and-spd-1-level-is-elevated-in-patients-with-immune-thrombocytopenia
#13
Yingying Wang, Nannan Pang, Xinyou Wang, Ying Liu, Xiujuan Wang, Lei Wang, Mingling Sun, Halida Yasen, Fang Zhao, Wenxia Fan, Jianbing Ding, Xinhong Guo
The present study is to measure the expression of programmed death (PD)-1 / programmed death ligand-1 (PD-L1) negative costimulatory molecules, soluble format sPD-1 in patients with immune thrombocytopenia (ITP), and to investigate their correlation with the secretion of cytokines. A total of 35 patients with ITP were included in the present study. Twenty healthy subjects who received physical examination at our hospital were included as control group. Peripheral blood was collected from all ITP patients and healthy subjects...
January 15, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333402/interleukin-1b-il-1b-31-and-il-1b-511-and-interleukin-1-receptor-antagonist-il-1ra-gene-polymorphisms-in-primary-immune-thrombocytopenia
#14
Deependra Kumar Yadav, Anil Kumar Tripathi, Divya Gupta, Saurabh Shukla, Aloukick Kumar Singh, Ashutosh Kumar, Jyotsna Agarwal, K N Prasad
Background: Immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) is an immune-mediated disease caused by autoantibodies against platelets membrane glycoproteins GPIIb/IIIa and GPIb/IX. The etiology of ITP remains unclear. This study evaluated the association of polymorphisms in interleukin (IL)-1B-31, IL-1B-511, and IL-1Ra with ITP. Methods: Genotyping of IL-1B-31, IL-1B-511, and IL-1Ra was performed in 118 ITP patients and 100 controls by polymerase chain reaction restriction fragment length polymorphism and detection of variable number tandem repeats...
December 2017: Blood Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332324/effects-of-macrolide-and-corticosteroid-in-neutrophilic-asthma-mouse-model
#15
Tai Joon An, Chin Kook Rhee, Ji Hye Kim, Young Rong Lee, Jin Young Chon, Chan Kwon Park, Hyoung Kyu Yoon
BACKGROUND: Asthma is a disease of chronic airway inflammation with heterogeneous features. Neutrophilic asthma is corticosteroid-insensitive asthma related to absence or suppression of TH2 process and increased TH1 and/or TH17 process. Macrolides are immunomodulatory drug that reduce airway inflammation, but their role in asthma is not fully known. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role of macrolides in neutrophilic asthma and compare their effects with those of corticosteroids...
January 2018: Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330151/interleukin-22-reverses-human-islet-dysfunction-and-apoptosis-triggered-by-hyperglycemia-and-light
#16
Shadab Abadpour, Bente Halvorsen, Afaf Sahraoui, Olle Korsgren, Pål Aukrust, Hanne Scholz
Interleukin (IL)-22 has recently been suggested as an anti-inflammatory cytokine that could protect the islet cells from inflammation- and glucose-induced toxicity. We have previously shown that the tumor necrosis factor family member, LIGHT can impair human islet function at least partly via pro-apoptotic effects. Herein, we aimed to investigate the protective role of IL-22 on human islets exposed to the combination of hyperglycemia and LIGHT. First, we found up-regulation of LIGHT receptors (LTβR and HVEM) in engrafted human islets exposed to hyperglycemia (>11 mM) for 17 days post transplantation by using a double islet transplantation mouse model as well as in human islets cultured with high glucose (HG) (20mM glucose) + LIGHT in vitro and this latter effect was attenuated by IL-22...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Molecular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329608/polyphenols-isolated-from-acacia-mearnsii-bark-with-anti-inflammatory-and-carbolytic-enzyme-inhibitory-activities
#17
Jia Xiong, Mary H Grace, Debora Esposito, Slavko Komarnytsky, Fei Wang, Mary Ann Lila
The present study was designed to characterize the polyphenols isolated from Acacia mearnsii bark crude extract (B) and fractions (B1-B7) obtained by high-speed counter-current chromatography (HSCCC) and evaluate their anti-inflammatory and carbolytic enzymes (α-glucosidase and α-amylase) inhibitory activities. Fractions B4, B5, B6, B7 (total phenolics 850.3, 983.0, 843.9, and 572.5 mg·g-1, respectively; proanthocyanidins 75.7, 90.5, 95.0, and 44.8 mg·g-1, respectively) showed significant activities against reactive oxygen species (ROS), nitric oxide (NO) production, and expression of pro-inflammatory genes interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in a lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated mouse macrophage cell line RAW 264...
November 2017: Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329256/personalized-antidepressant-selection-and-pathway-to-novel-treatments-clinical-utility-of-targeting-inflammation
#18
REVIEW
Manish K Jha, Madhukar H Trivedi
Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a chronic condition that affects one in six adults in the US during their lifetime. The current practice of antidepressant medication prescription is a trial-and-error process. Additionally, over a third of patients with MDD fail to respond to two or more antidepressant treatments. There are no valid clinical markers to personalize currently available antidepressant medications, all of which have similar mechanisms targeting monoamine neurotransmission. The goal of this review is to summarize the recent findings of immune dysfunction in patients with MDD, the utility of inflammatory markers to personalize treatment selection, and the potential of targeting inflammation to develop novel antidepressant treatments...
January 12, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328366/expression-of-dna-damage-response-proteins-in-gastric-cancer-comprehensive-protein-profiling-and-histological-analysis
#19
Hiroki Arai, Ryuichi Wada, Kousuke Ishino, Mitsuhiro Kudo, Eiji Uchida, Zenya Naito
Gastric cancer is the third major cause of cancer-related mortality in Japan. The aim of this study was to identify a factor implicated in the biology of gastric cancer by comprehensive protein profiling. Protein profiling was carried out by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry, using formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded specimens of 17 gastric cancer cases. Pathway analysis and orthogonal partial least square-discriminant analysis suggested the significant expression of ribonucleoproteins, heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoproteins, interleukin binding factor 2 (ILF2), KU70 and KU80, which are involved in DNA damage response (DDR)...
January 5, 2018: International Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325294/-effects-of-lactobacillus-paracasei-n1115-combined-with-fructooligosaccharides-on-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-induced-by-high-fat-diet-in-mice
#20
F F Yao, P Y Zheng, H Huang, L M Bai, Y R Ding, L Mei, S M Liu
Objective: To investigate the effects of Lactobacillus paracasei N1115 combined with fructooligosaccharides (FOS) on non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in mice and its possible mechanism. Methods: A total of 50 male C57 mice were randomly and equally divided into five experimental groups. Group 1 received a normal diet (ND). Other four groups received a high-fat diet (HFD) to establish NAFLD models. In addition to HFD, group 3 received Lactobacillus paracasei N1115 (2.2×10(9) CFU/mL), group 4 received FOS (4 g/kg per day), and group 5 received Lactobacillus paracasei N1115 (2...
December 20, 2017: Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing za Zhi, Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Hepatology
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