keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

slum

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099705/prevalence-of-induced-abortions-and-contraceptive-use-among-married-women-in-an-urban-slum-of-delhi-india
#1
Meenakshi Bhilwar, Panna Lal, Nandini Sharma, Preena Bhalla, Ashok Kumar
OBJECTIVE: To document abortion practices and contraceptive use among women of reproductive age in an urban slum of Delhi. METHODS: Data were collected as part of a cross-sectional study conducted in an urban resettlement colony in the North East District of Delhi between November 2010 and December 2011. Systematic random sampling was used to enroll 200 married women aged 15-49 years from each of the four blocks of the colony. Participants were interviewed and data were entered into a pretested semi-structured questionnaire...
January 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093532/soil-ingestion-is-associated-with-child-diarrhea-in-an-urban-slum-of-nairobi-kenya
#2
Valerie Bauza, R M Ocharo, Thanh H Nguyen, Jeremy S Guest
Diarrhea is a leading cause of mortality in children under 5 years of age. We conducted a cross-sectional study of 54 children aged 3 months to 5 years old in Kibera, an urban slum in Nairobi, Kenya, to assess the relationship between caregiver-reported soil ingestion and child diarrhea. Diarrhea was significantly associated with soil ingestion (adjusted odds ratio = 9.9, 95% confidence interval = 2.1-47.5). Soil samples from locations near each household were also collected and analyzed for Escherichia coli and a human-associated Bacteroides fecal marker (HF183)...
January 16, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078495/economic-context-and-hiv-vulnerability-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-living-in-urban-slums-in-kenya-a-qualitative-analysis-based-on-scarcity-theory
#3
Larissa Jennings, Muthoni Mathai, Sebastian Linnemayr, Antonio Trujillo, Margaret Mak'anyengo, Brooke E E Montgomery, Deanna L Kerrigan
Urban slum adolescents and young adults have disproportionately high rates of HIV compared to rural and non-slum urban youth. Yet, few studies have examined youth's perceptions of the economic drivers of HIV. Informed by traditional and behavioral economics, we applied a scarcity theoretical framework to qualitatively examine how poverty influences sexual risk behaviors among adolescents and young adults. Focus group discussions with one hundred twenty youth in Kenyan's urban slums were transcribed, coded, and analyzed using interpretive phenomenology...
January 11, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076655/fecal-total-iron-concentration-is-inversely-associated-with-fecal-lactobacillus-in-preschool-children
#4
Sasank Kalipatnapu, Sivaraman Kuppuswamy, Giriprasad Venugopal, Venkatesh Kaliaperumal, Balamurugan Ramadass
BACKGROUND: Iron deficiency is associated with stunting and poor performance in children. Oral iron supplementation is widely promoted to correct iron deficiency. However, excess iron may be toxic to beneficial luminal gut bacteria and could support growth of pathobionts. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the fecal total iron concentration and fecal Lactobacillus levels in a cohort of stunted and normal children. DESIGN: The study was undertaken in two different locations...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062480/mean-dietary-salt-intake-in-urban-and-rural-areas-in-india-a-population-survey-of-1395-persons
#5
Claire Johnson, Sailesh Mohan, Kris Rogers, Roopa Shivashankar, Sudhir Raj Thout, Priti Gupta, Feng J He, Graham A MacGregor, Jacqui Webster, Anand Krishnan, Pallab K Maulik, K Srinath Reddy, Dorairaj Prabhakaran, Bruce Neal
BACKGROUND: The scientific evidence base in support of population-wide salt reduction is strong, but current high-quality data about salt intake levels in India are mostly absent. This project sought to estimate daily salt consumption levels in selected communities of Delhi and Haryana in north India and Andhra Pradesh in south India. METHODS AND RESULTS: In this study, 24-hour urine samples were collected using an age- and sex-stratified sampling strategy in rural, urban, and slum areas...
January 6, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040697/mother-s-recognition-of-and-treatment-triggers-for-common-childhood-illnesses-among-migrant-santal-tribe-living-in-bhubaneswar-odisha-india
#6
Suchismita Mishra, Yadlapalli S Kusuma, Bontha V Babu
BACKGROUND: Accelerating reduction in infant and other child mortality rates calls for comprehensive child survival strategies. Early recognition of illness and timely seeking of treatment are critical elements to prevent child deaths, and cultural explanation for these care-seeking behaviours is important. The present article reports (i) mothers' recognition of illness and (ii) triggers of treatment related to some childhood illnesses among a migrant tribal community living in Bhubaneswar city, India...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031730/improving-quality-of-home-based-postnatal-care-by-microteaching-of-multipurpose-workers-in-rural-and-urban-slum-areas-of-chandigarh-india-a-pilot-study
#7
Madhu Gupta, Jaya Prasad Tripathy, Limalemla Jamir, Ashutosh Sarwa, Smita Sinha, Chering Bhag
BACKGROUND: Microteaching is an efficient teaching tool to improve skills. Until now, its use is very limited in the health sector. A pilot study was carried out to improve the quality of home-based postnatal care by microteaching of health workers (HWs) and ascertain its feasibility for supportive supervision. METHODS: All (n=12) the HWs catering to a population of ~0.1 million were video recorded while performing home-based postnatal check up in Chandigarh from August 2013 to December 2014...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013266/natural-history-of-cryptosporidiosis-in-a-birth-cohort-in-southern-india
#8
Deepthi Kattula, Nithya Jeyavelu, Ashok D Prabhakaran, Prasanna S Premkumar, Vasanthakumar Velusamy, Srinivasan Venugopal, Jayanthi C Geetha, Robin P Lazarus, Princey Das, Karthick Nithyanandhan, Chandrabose Gunasekaran, Jayaprakash Muliyil, Rajiv Sarkar, Christine Wanke, Sitara Swarna Rao Ajjampur, Sudhir Babji, Elena N Naumova, Honorine D Ward, Gagandeep Kang
BACKGROUND: Cryptosporidium is a leading cause of moderate to severe childhood diarrhea in resource-poor settings. Understanding the natural history of cryptosporidiosis and the correlates of protection are essential to develop effective and sustainable approaches to disease control and prevention. METHODS: Children (N = 497) were recruited at birth in semiurban slums in Vellore, India, and followed for 3 years with twice-weekly home visits. Stool samples were collected every 2 weeks and during diarrheal episodes were tested for Cryptosporidium species by polymerase chain reaction (PCR)...
February 1, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942386/are-patients-with-pulmonary-tuberculosis-who-are-identified-through-active-case-finding-in-the-community-different-than-those-identified-in-healthcare-facilities
#9
S T Abdurrahman, L Lawson, M Blakiston, J Obasanya, M A Yassin, R M Anderson, O Oladimeji, A Ramsay, L E Cuevas
The lack of healthcare access contributes to large numbers of tuberculosis (TB) cases being missed and has led to renewed interest in outreach approaches to increase detection. It is however unclear whether outreach activities increase case detection or merely identify patients before they attend health facilities. We compared adults with cough of >2 weeks' duration recruited in health facilities (1202 participants) or in urban slums (2828 participants) in Nigeria. Participants provided demographic and clinical information and were screened using smear microscopy...
January 2017: New Microbes and New Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924741/health-and-health-related-indicators-in-slum-rural-and-urban-communities-a-comparative-analysis
#10
Blessing U Mberu, Tilahun Nigatu Haregu, Catherine Kyobutungi, Alex C Ezeh
BACKGROUND: It is generally assumed that urban slum residents have worse health status when compared with other urban populations, but better health status than their rural counterparts. This belief/assumption is often because of their physical proximity and assumed better access to health care services in urban areas. However, a few recent studies have cast doubt on this belief. Whether slum dwellers are better off, similar to, or worse off as compared with rural and other urban populations remain poorly understood as indicators for slum dwellers are generally hidden in urban averages...
2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922342/treatment-seeking-and-out-of-pocket-expenditure-on-childhood-illness-in-a-migrant-tribal-community-in-bhubaneswar-odisha-state-india
#11
Suchismita Mishra, Yadlapalli S Kusuma, Bontha V Babu
BACKGROUND: In India, migrant status, tribal affiliation and poverty render tribal migrants more vulnerable than any other group which leads to high treatment costs and the risk of low access to health care. OBJECTIVE: To examine treatment-seeking behaviour and out-of-pocket (OOP) expenditure on the treatment of childhood illnesses, with a focus on gender in a migrant tribal community in Bhubaneswar, eastern India. METHODS: A total of 175 households with a child aged 0-14 years and who had migrated within the last 12 years were selected from tribal-dominated slums...
December 6, 2016: Paediatrics and International Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915261/evaluation-of-a-community-based-intervention-to-improve-routine-childhood-vaccination-uptake-among-migrants-in-urban-slums-of-ludhiana-india
#12
Paramita Sengupta, Anoop Ivan Benjamin, Puja R Myles, Bontha V Babu
BACKGROUND: Evidence on the effectiveness of community-based interventions in improving vaccination uptake in migrant populations is limited. This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of a community-based intervention to improve access to and uptake of childhood vaccinations among urban slum-dwelling migrant communities in Ludhiana, India. METHODS: A mixed-methods evaluation was conducted involving a post-intervention comparison of vaccination uptake in six randomly selected intervention and control slum communities...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906964/undernutrition-vitamin-a-and-iron-deficiency-are-associated-with-impaired-intestinal-mucosal-permeability-in-young-bangladeshi-children-assessed-by-lactulose-mannitol-test
#13
Md Iqbal Hossain, Rashidul Haque, Dinesh Mondal, Mustafa Mahfuz, Am Shamsir Ahmed, M Munirul Islam, Richard L Guerrant, William A Petri, Tahmeed Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Lactulose/mannitol (L:M) test has been used as a non-invasive marker of intestinal mucosal -integrity and -permeability (enteropathy). We investigated the association of enteropathy with anthropometrics, micronutrient- status, and morbidity in children. METHODS: The urine and blood samples were collected from 925 children aged 6-24 months residing in Mirpur slum of Dhaka, Bangladesh during November 2009 to April 2013. L:M test and micronutrient status were assessed in the laboratory of International Centre for Diarrhoeal Diseases Research, Bangladesh (icddr,b) following standard procedure...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898665/extending-contact-tracing-into-the-community-within-a-50-metre-radius-of-an-index-tuberculosis-patient-using-xpert-mtb-rif-in-urban-pakistan-did-it-increase-case-detection
#14
Razia Fatima, Ejaz Qadeer, Aashifa Yaqoob, Mahboob Ul Haq, Suman S Majumdar, Hemant D Shewade, Robert Stevens, Jacob Creswell, Nasir Mahmood, Ajay M V Kumar
BACKGROUND: Currently, only 62% of incident tuberculosis (TB) cases are reported to the national programme in Pakistan. Several innovative interventions are being recommended to detect the remaining 'missed' TB cases. One such intervention involved expanding contact investigation to the community using the Xpert MTB/RIF test. METHODS: This was a before and after intervention study involving retrospective record review. Passive case finding and household contact investigation was routinely done in the pre-intervention period July 2011-June 2013...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890019/vitamin-a-deficiency-and-determinants-of-vitamin-a-status-in-bangladeshi-children-and-women-findings-of-a-national-survey
#15
Sabuktagin Rahman, Ahmed Shafiqur Rahman, Nurul Alam, Am Shamsir Ahmed, Santhia Ireen, Ireen Akhter Chowdhury, Fatima Parveen Chowdhury, Sm Mustafizur Rahman, Tahmeed Ahmed
OBJECTIVE: Using data from the national micronutrients survey 2011-2012, the present study explored the status of subclinical vitamin A nutrition and the underlying determinants in the Bangladeshi population. DESIGN: A nationwide cross-sectional study. Settings The survey covered 150 clusters; fifty in each of rural, urban and slum strata. SUBJECTS: Three population groups: (i) pre-school age children (6-59 months; PSAC); (ii) school age children (6-14 years; SAC); and (iii) non-pregnant non-lactating women (15-49 years; NPNLW)...
November 28, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865243/lessons-learnt-from-active-tuberculosis-case-finding-in-an-urban-slum-setting-of-agra-city-india
#16
Banuru Muralidhara Prasad, Srinath Satyanarayana, Sarabjit Singh Chadha
Active case finding (ACF) is recognized as one of the key strategies to reach the missing 3 million cases in high tuberculosis (TB) burden countries. In India, we conducted ACF as a pilot project to assess its operational feasibility in four slums of Agra city in 2012 and covered 3940 households (in 14 wards) with a population of 21,870. Trained community volunteers visited households with an intention to provide information on TB and refer those with cough ≥2 weeks for sputum smear examination. Volunteers identified 8 persons with cough of ≥2 weeks by asking the first or the main respondent of the household...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865238/tuberculosis-prevalence-and-socio-economic-differentials-in-the-slums-of-four-metropolitan-cities-of-india
#17
Palaniappan Marimuthu
AIM: To understand tuberculosis (TB) prevalence among the slum dwellers of metropolitan cities of India and the factors associated with TB prevalence. METHODS: National Family Health Survey-III data for four metropolitan cities namely, Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata and Chennai was used for this study. RESULTS: Prevalence of TB is significantly (P=0.001) higher in the slums than non-slums of Mumbai, Chennai and Kolkata cities. As the living standard increases, TB prevalence decreases...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863317/evaluating-promis-%C3%A2-applied-cognition-items-in-a-sample-of-older-adults-at-risk-for-cognitive-decline
#18
Molly Howland, Curtis Tatsuoka, Kathleen A Smyth, Martha Sajatovic
PROMIS(®) Applied Cognition is a short self-assessment of cognitive abilities and concerns that eliminates the need for a trained rater and provides online question banks that can be uniformly used across health care providers. This 12-month prospective study of 281 elderly individuals evaluates self-perceptions of cognitive functioning in relation to objective cognition, or assessment by an external rater, and compares PROMIS® Applied Cognition Abilities and Concerns subsets with commonly used "legacy" instruments...
January 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843827/anemia-and-its-determinants-among-women-of-reproductive-age-of-a-slum-in-kolkata-a-focus-group-discussion-among-health-workers-in-a-slum-of-kolkata
#19
Aparajita Dasgupta, Kaushik Sarkar, Ranadip Chowdhury, Arindam Ray, Bhaskar Shahbabu
CONTEXT: Anemia is a major contributor to morbidity and mortality among women of reproductive age. Progress toward reducing the burden of anemia has been little despite efforts through decades. AIMS: We conducted this study to unearth the microlevel determinants of anemia among women of reproductive age. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This qualitative study was conducted in Urban Health Centre (UHC), Chetla. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A focus group discussion was held among all the eight health staffs, who were involved in reproductive and child health-related service delivery under UHC, Chetla...
April 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833755/measurement-of-overweight-and-obesity-an-urban-slum-setting-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-comparison-of-four-anthropometric-indices
#20
Tilahun Nigatu Haregu, Samuel Oti, Thaddaeus Egondi, Catherine Kyobutungi
BACKGROUND: As a result of both genetic and environmental factors, the body composition and topography of African populations are presumed to be different from western populations. Accordingly, globally accepted anthropometric markers may perform differently in African populations. In the era of rapid emergence of cardio-vascular diseases in sub-Saharan Africa, evidence about the performance of these markers in African settings is essential. The aim of this study was to investigate the inter-relationships among the four main anthropometric indices in measuring overweight and obesity in an urban poor African setting...
2016: BMC Obesity
keyword
keyword
87774
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"