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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338613/slum-upgrading-and-health-equity
#1
Jason Corburn, Alice Sverdlik
Informal settlement upgrading is widely recognized for enhancing shelter and promoting economic development, yet its potential to improve health equity is usually overlooked. Almost one in seven people on the planet are expected to reside in urban informal settlements, or slums, by 2030. Slum upgrading is the process of delivering place-based environmental and social improvements to the urban poor, including land tenure, housing, infrastructure, employment, health services and political and social inclusion...
March 24, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333922/zika-a-scourge-in-urban-slums
#2
Robert E Snyder, Claire E Boone, Claudete A Araújo Cardoso, Fabio Aguiar-Alves, Felipe P G Neves, Lee W Riley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331353/undernutrition-and-associated-factors-among-24-36-month-old-children-in-slum-areas-of-bahir-dar-city-ethiopia
#3
Yeshalem Mulugeta Demilew, Dagninet Derebe Abie
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to assess undernutrition and associated factors among 24-36-month-old children in the slum areas of Bahir Dar city. METHODS: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted among 480 children from May 1 to 26, 2015. The simple random sampling technique was used to select respondents. Data were collected using a structured interviewer-administered questionnaire. Statistical Package for Social Sciences version 20 was used for analysis...
2017: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327104/characterizing-early-child-growth-patterns-of-height-for-age-in-an-urban-slum-cohort-of-bangladesh-with-functional-principal-component-analysis
#4
Yin Zhang, Jianhui Zhou, Feiyang Niu, Jeffrey R Donowitz, Rashidul Haque, William A Petri, Jennie Z Ma
BACKGROUND: Early childhood is a critical stage of physical and cognitive growth that forms the foundation of future wellbeing. Stunted growth is presented in one of every 4 children worldwide and contributes to developmental impairment and under-five mortality. Better understanding of early growth patterns should allow for early detection and intervention in malnutrition. We aimed to characterize early child growth patterns and quantify the change of growth curves from the World Health Organization (WHO) Child Growth Standards...
March 21, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325020/socioeconomic-status-age-and-heart-rate-variability-in-a-bangladeshi-community
#5
Nishat E-Sharmin Trisha, Herbert F Jelinek, Mika P Tarvainen, David J Cornforth, Dewan S Alam, Megan Smith
Socioeconomic status (SES) is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) and either low or high heart rate variability (HRV) at rest has been shown to predict cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. The study investigated the extent HRV features can predict SES. Four hundred and twenty eight people were randomly selected from the commercial districts (high SES) and slum areas (low SES) within Dhaka city. Demographic, clinical, and HRV features were recorded. Of the clinical variables age, waist circumference and diastolic blood pressure (p<;0...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300969/rat-infestation-associated-with-environmental-deficiencies-in-an-urban-slum-community-with-high-risk-of-leptospirosis-transmission
#6
Norlan de Jesus Santos, Erica Sousa, Mitermayer G Reis, Albert I Ko, Federico Costa
We analyzed environmental factors that provide food, water and harborage to rodents and the risk of household rodent infestation in a slum community with a high risk of leptospirosis transmission. Detailed environmental surveys were performed in 221 households. Multivariate regression models evaluated the association between rodent infestation and socioeconomic status and environmental attributes obtained from Geographical Information System surveys. The general household infestation rate was 45.9%. Rattus norvegicus signs were the most prevalent, present in 74% of the infested households...
March 9, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293284/maternal-common-mental-disorders-and-associated-factors-a-cross-sectional-study-in-an-urban-slum-area-of-dhaka-bangladesh
#7
Ahad Mahmud Khan, Meerjady Sabrina Flora
BACKGROUND: Poor maternal mental health has a negative impact on child growth and development. The objective of the study was to find out the associated factors of maternal common mental disorders (CMD) in an urban slum area of Bangladesh. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried out from September to November 2013 among conveniently selected 264 mothers having under-five children at Kamrangirchar area of Dhaka. A structured questionnaire based on Self-Reporting Questionnaire-20 (SRQ-20) was used for data collection where a cut-off of 7 was considered to ascertain CMD...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278090/enhancing-faecal-sludge-dewaterability-and-end-use-by-conditioning-with-sawdust-and-charcoal-dust
#8
Swaib Semiyaga, Mackay A E Okure, Charles B Niwagaba, Philip M Nyenje, Frank Kansiime
Faecal sludge (FS) treatment in urban slums of low-income countries of sub-Saharan Africa is poor or non-existent. FS contains over 90% water and therefore, dewatering it within slums decreases transport costs, facilitates local treatment and end-use. This study was designed to enhance the dewatering efficiency of FS, using two locally available physical conditioners (sawdust and charcoal dust), each applied at dosages of 0, 25, 50, 75, 100 and 125% TS. The optimum dosage for both conditioners occurred at 50 and 75% for cake moisture content and capillary suction time, respectively...
March 1, 2017: Environmental Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258268/knowledge-attitude-and-practice-of-women-in-slums-of-pimpri-chinchwad-pune-maharashtra-india-regarding-usage-of-mishri
#9
Roshani M Chawla, Pranjan Mitra, Sahana H Shetiya, Deepti R Agarwal, D Satya Narayana, Nikhil Bomble
INTRODUCTION: Mishri is one of the form of smokeless tobacco, which is a roasted, powdered preparation made by baking tobacco on a hot metal plate until it is uniformly black, after which it is powdered. It is noted that mishri use is more commonly used by the women of low socioeconomic status, hence the need was felt to conduct this study among women mishri users of slums. Also, the consequences of mishri use are little known, hence an effort is made to find out its ill-effect on oral health...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256465/comparison-of-haemoglobin-estimates-using-direct-indirect-cyanmethaemoglobin-methods
#10
Priyanka Gupta Bansal, Gurudayal Singh Toteja, Neena Bhatia, Sanjeev Gupta, Manpreet Kaur, Tulsi Adhikari, Ashok Kumar Garg
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Estimation of haemoglobin is the most widely used method to assess anaemia. Although direct cyanmethaemoglobin method is the recommended method for estimation of haemoglobin, but it may not be feasible under field conditions. Hence, the present study was undertaken to compare indirect cyanmethaemoglobin method against the conventional direct method for haemoglobin estimation. METHODS: Haemoglobin levels were estimated for 888 adolescent girls aged 11-18 yr residing in an urban slum in Delhi by both direct and indirect cyanmethaemoglobin methods, and the results were compared...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251804/effect-of-a-micronutrient-rich-snack-taken-preconceptionally-and-throughout-pregnancy-on-ultrasound-measures-of-fetal-growth-the-mumbai-maternal-nutrition-project-mmnp
#11
Ashwin Lawande, Chiara Di Gravio, Ramesh D Potdar, Sirazul A Sahariah, Meera Gandhi, Harsha Chopra, Harshad Sane, Sarah H Kehoe, Ella Marley-Zagar, Barrie M Margetts, Alan A Jackson, Caroline H D Fall
Improving micronutrient intakes of under-nourished mothers in low- and middle-income countries increases birth weight, but there is little data on the nature and timing during gestation of any effects on fetal growth. Ultrasound measures of fetal size were used to determine whether and when a food-based supplement affected fetal growth. Non-pregnant women living in Mumbai slums, India (N = 6,513), were randomly assigned to receive either a daily micronutrient-rich snack containing green leafy vegetables, fruit, and milk (treatment) or a snack made from lower-micronutrient vegetables (control) in addition to their usual diet from before pregnancy until delivery...
March 2, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239667/disregard-of-neurological-impairments-associated-with-neglected-tropical-diseases-in-africa
#12
Emmanuel Quansah, Esther Sarpong, Thomas K Karikari
Neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) affect people in the bottom billion poorest in the world. These diseases are concentrated in rural areas, conflict zones and urban slums in Africa and other tropical areas. While the World Health Organization recognizes seventeen priority NTDs, the list of conditions present in Africa and elsewhere that are eligible to be classified as NTDs is much longer. Although NTDs are generally marginalized, their associated neurological burden has been almost completely disregarded...
June 2016: ENeurologicalSci
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239459/effects-of-individual-household-and-community-characteristics-on-child-nutritional-status-in-the-slums-of-urban-bangladesh
#13
Karar Zunaid Ahsan, Shams El Arifeen, Md Abdullah Al-Mamun, Shusmita H Khan, Nitai Chakraborty
BACKGROUND: Bangladesh urban population is expected to overtake rural population by 2040, and a significant part of the increase will be in slums. Wide disparities between urban slums and the rest of the country can potentially push country indicators off track unless the specific health and nutrition needs of the expanding slum communities are addressed. The study aims at describing the individual, household and community determinants of undernutrition status among children living in major urban strata, viz...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227702/socioeconomic-status-age-and-heart-rate-variability-in-a-bangladeshi-community
#14
Nishat E-Sharmin Trisha, Herbert F Jelinek, Mika P Tarvainen, David J Cornforth, Dewan S Alam, Megan Smith, Nishat E-Sharmin Trisha, Herbert F Jelinek, Mika P Tarvainen, David J Cornforth, Dewan S Alam, Megan Smith, Herbert F Jelinek, David J Cornforth, Megan Smith, Nishat E-Sharmin Trisha, Dewan S Alam, Mika P Tarvainen
Socioeconomic status (SES) is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) and either low or high heart rate variability (HRV) at rest has been shown to predict cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. The study investigated the extent HRV features can predict SES. Four hundred and twenty eight people were randomly selected from the commercial districts (high SES) and slum areas (low SES) within Dhaka city. Demographic, clinical, and HRV features were recorded. Of the clinical variables age, waist circumference and diastolic blood pressure (p<;0...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223838/factors-associated-with-body-mass-index-among-slum-dwelling-women-in-india-an-analysis-of-the-2005-2006-indian-national-family-health-survey
#15
Maya Laxmi Patel, Raywat Deonandan
BACKGROUND: Urbanization is increasing around the world, and in India, this trend has translated into an increase in the size of slum dwellings whose environments are suspected of being associated with poor health outcomes, particularly those relating to women's nutritional status. With this study, we sought to determine the factors associated with Indian women's body mass index (BMI) in slum environments, with special attention paid to women with tribal status. METHODS: A multiple linear regression analysis was performed on data from the Indian National Family Health Survey (2005-2006), modeling demographic and behavioral factors suspected of being associated with BMI, with additional focus on the measures of social class, specifically caste and tribal status...
2017: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217594/effectiveness-of-yoga-program-in-the-management-of-diabetes-using-community-health-workers-in-the-urban-slums-of-bangalore-city-a-non-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Hemavathi Dasappa, Farah Naaz Fathima, Rugmani Prabhakar
TRIAL DESIGN: Nonrandomized controlled trial. METHODS: Nonrandomized controlled trial. This was an interventional study that was conducted in 4 slums of Bengaluru. Of the 256 diabetes participants, only 109 people agreed to participate in the program. Of 109 people, 52 people agreed to participate in the intervention (agreed to learn and practice Yoga) while the remaining 57 people were assigned to nonintervention group. Randomization and blinding could not be done...
July 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207894/factors-influencing-feeding-practices-of-extreme-poor-infants-and-young-children-in-families-of-working-mothers-in-dhaka-slums-a-qualitative-study
#17
Ashraful Kabir, Mathilde Rose Louise Maitrot
BACKGROUND: Nutritional status differs between infants and young children living in slum and non-slum conditions-infants and young children living in City Corporation slums are likely to have worse nutritional status compared to those from non-slums. Furthermore, families in slums tend to engage female labor in cash-earning activities as a survival strategy; hence, a higher percentage of mothers stay at work. However, little is known about feeding practices for infants and young children in families with working mothers in slums...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187147/widespread-fear-of-dengue-transmission-but-poor-practices-of-dengue-prevention-a-study-in-the-slums-of-delhi-india
#18
Éric Daudé, Sumit Mazumdar, Vandana Solanki
BACKGROUND: This study has been conducted to throw light on the knowledge and practices related to dengue fever among the poor population living in Delhi's slums. MATERIALS: A household survey was conducted in 2013 among 3,350 households. The households were stratified by a number of variables related to socio-economic status and health events such as hospitalisation. The data collection was completed through face-to-face interviews conducted with the help of 25 field investigators...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170326/richard-lilford-finding-a-new-challenge-in-slum-health
#19
Geoff Watts
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 4, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170319/health-in-slums-understanding-the-unseen
#20
EDITORIAL
The Lancet
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 4, 2017: Lancet
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