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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053576/toward-age-friendly-slums-health-challenges-of-older-slum-dwellers-in-nairobi-and-the-applicability-of-the-age-friendly-city-approach
#1
Isabella Aboderin, Megumi Kano, Hilda Akinyi Owii
A majority of urban residents in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) and other developing regions live in informal settlements, or slums. Much of the discourse on slum health centres on younger generations, while an intensifying agenda on healthy ageing as yet lacks a systematic focus on slums. Similarly, the global age-friendly cities (AFC) movement does not, thus far, extend to slums. This paper examines the particular challenges that a slum-focused age-friendly initiative in SSA may need to address, and the relevance of present AFC indicators and domains for initiatives to advance the health and well-being of older slum dwellers...
October 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049893/fecal-microbiota-analysis-of-children-with-small-intestinal-bacterial-overgrowth-among-residents-of-an-urban-slum-in-brazil
#2
Carolina Santos Mello, Mirian Silva do Carmo Rodrigues, Humberto Bezerra de Araújo Filho, Lígia Cristina Fonseca Lahoz Melli, Soraia Tahan, Antônio Carlos Campos Pignatari, Mauro Batista Morais
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the fecal microbiota composition of children living in an urban slum in Brazil, with or without small intestinal bacterial overgrowth, and to investigate the occurrence of stunting and anemia. METHODS: A total of 100 children were studied, aged 5-11 years, from the municipality of Osasco, São Paulo. Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth was screened through hydrogen and methane breath test with lactulose. Weight and height were measured, and the height-for-age and body mass-for-age anthropometric indexes were calculated...
October 16, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039800/high-ethanol-contents-of-spirit-drinks-in-kibera-slums-kenya-implications-for-public-health
#3
Alex O Okaru, Kennedy O Abuga, Isaac O Kibwage, Dirk W Lachenmeier
Cheap licit and artisanal illicit spirit drinks have been associated with numerous outbreaks of alcohol poisoning especially with methanol. This study aimed to evaluate the quality of cheap spirit drinks in Kibera slums in Nairobi County, Kenya. The samples consisted of cheap licit spirits (n = 11) and the artisanal spirit drink, 'chang'aa', (n = 28). The parameters of alcoholic strength and volatile composition were used as indicators of quality and were determined using gas chromatography with flame ionization detection (GC-FID) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) respectively...
October 17, 2017: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037294/diagnostic-yield-of-active-case-finding-for-tuberculosis-and-hiv-at-the-household-level-in-slums-in-haiti
#4
V R Rivera, M-A Jean-Juste, S C Gluck, H T Reeder, J Sainristil, P Julma, M Peck, P Joseph, O Ocheretina, C Perodin, R Secours, M Duran-Mendicuti, L Hashiguchi, P Y Cremieux, S P Koenig, J W Pape
SETTING: Haiti has the highest burden of tuberculosis (TB) in the Americas, with an estimated prevalence of 254 per 100 000 population. The Haitian Group for the Study of Kaposi's Sarcoma and Opportunistic Infections (Groupe Haïtien d'Etude du Sarcome de Kaposi et des Infections Opportunistes, GHESKIO) conducted active case finding (ACF) for TB at the household level in nine slums in Port-au-Prince. OBJECTIVE: We report on the prevalence of undiagnosed TB detected through GHESKIO's ACF campaign...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016282/analysis-of-health-indicators-in-two-rural-communities-on-the-colombian-caribbean-coast-poor-water-supply-and-education-level-are-associated-with-water-related-diseases
#5
María Stephany Ruiz-Díaz, Gustavo José Mora-García, Germán Israel Salguedo-Madrid, Doris Esther Gómez-Camargo
Water-related diseases are closely linked with drinking water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) indicators, socioeconomic status, education level, or dwelling's conditions. Developing countries exhibit a particular vulnerability to these diseases, especially rural areas and urban slums. This study assessed socioeconomic features, WASH indicators, and water-related diseases in two rural areas of the Colombian Caribbean coast. Most of this population did not finish basic education (72.3%, N = 159). Only one of the communities had a water supply (aqueduct), whereas the other received water via an adapted tanker ship...
September 25, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977323/degradation-of-parental-bonding-and-violence-against-children-the-use-of-family-genogram-in-the-pediatric-clinic
#6
Égle Thomaz Leoncio, Sonia Regina Pereira de Souza, José Lúcio Martins Machado
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the importance of using the family genogram in pediatric consultation, as an analysis tool to evaluate the degradation of parental bonding and also violence against children. METHODS: A qualitative study was conducted in 2011 wherein 63 children, aged between 2 and 6 years, enrolled in a slum nursery, was studied. In order to construct the genogram, data were collected in four stages: pediatric evaluation at nursery; interview with caregivers; interview with teachers; and interview with the nursery coordinator...
April 2017: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976114/economic-determinants-of-breastfeeding-in-haiti-the-effects-of-poverty-food-insecurity-and-employment-on-exclusive-breastfeeding-in-an-urban-population
#7
Carolyn Lesorogol, Caitlin Bond, Sherlie Jean Louis Dulience, Lora Iannotti
There is limited and inconsistent empirical evidence regarding the role of economic factors in breastfeeding practices, globally. Studies have found both negative and positive associations between low income and exclusive breastfeeding (EBF). Employment, which should improve household income, may reduce EBF due to separation of mother and infant. In the context of a randomized controlled study of lipid-based complementary feeding in an urban slum in Cap Haitien, Haiti, we examined the economic factors influencing breastfeeding practices using mixed methods...
October 4, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972972/non-communicable-disease-ncd-risk-factors-and-diabetes-among-adults-living-in-slum-areas-of-dhaka-bangladesh
#8
Lal B Rawal, Tuhin Biswas, Nusrat Nausheen Khandker, Shekhar Ranjan Saha, Mohammed Mahiul Bidat Chowdhury, Abdullah Nurus Salam Khan, Enamul Hasib Chowdhury, Andre Renzaho
BACKGROUND: Despite one-third of the urban population in Bangladesh living in urban slums and at increased risk of non-communicable diseases (NCDs), little is known about the NCD risk profile of this at-risk population. The aim of the study was to identify the prevalence of the NCD risk factors and the association of NCD risk factors with socio-demographic factors among the adults of urban slums in Dhaka, Bangladesh. METHOD: A cross-sectional study was conducted among adult slum dwellers (aged 25 and above) residing in three purposively selected urban slums of Dhaka for at least six months preceding the survey...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971097/acceptability-of-iron-and-zinc-biofortified-pearl-millet-ictp-8203-based-complementary-foods-among-children-in-an-urban-slum-of-mumbai-india
#9
Samantha Lee Huey, Sudha Venkatramanan, Shobha A Udipi, Julia Leigh Finkelstein, Padmini Ghugre, Jere Douglas Haas, Varsha Thakker, Aparna Thorat, Ashwini Salvi, Anura V Kurpad, Saurabh Mehta
Biofortification, a method for increasing micronutrient content of staple crops, is a promising strategy for combating major global health problems, such as iron and zinc deficiency. We examined the acceptability of recipes prepared using iron- and zinc-biofortified pearl millet (FeZnPM) (~80 ppm Fe, ~34 ppm Zn, varietal ICTP-8203), compared to conventional pearl millet (CPM) (~20 ppm Fe, ~19 ppm Zn) in preparation for an efficacy trial. Our objective was to examine the acceptability of FeZnPM compared to CPM among young children and mothers living in the urban slums of Mumbai...
2017: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954410/alcohol-related-physical-abuse-of-children-in-the-slums-of-kampala-uganda
#10
Monica H Swahn, Rachel E Culbreth, Catherine A Staton, Shannon R Self-Brown, Rogers Kasirye
This study examines the patterns of alcohol-related physical abuse and alcohol use and related behaviors among children living in the slums of Kampala, Uganda. The study is based on a cross-sectional survey, conducted in spring 2014, of service-seeking children ages 12 to 18 years (n = 1134) attending Uganda Youth Development Link drop-in centers for vulnerable children in the slums. Descriptive statistics, chi-squares, and bivariate and multivariable logistic regression analyses were conducted to determine patterns of children's alcohol-related behaviors, based on alcohol-related physical abuse and neglect...
September 26, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925738/psychometric-properties-of-the-saint-louis-university-mental-status-examination
#11
Susan K Shwartz, Robin D Morris, Suzanne Penna
The Saint Louis University Mental Status (SLUMS) Examination is a brief screening measure for mild neurocognitive disorder developed for use with veterans. To date, there has been a paucity of research on its psychometric properties. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the psychometric properties of the SLUMS in a referred sample to a specialty clinic. Using a sample of 148 male veterans referred to a Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) Clinic for evaluation, the ability of the SLUMS to discriminate between MCI versus Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) or no diagnosis was compared to results from a more comprehensive neuropsychological battery...
September 19, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924311/performance-of-indian-diabetes-risk-score-idrs-as-screening-tool-for-diabetes-in-an-urban-slum
#12
Puja Dudeja, Gurpreet Singh, Tukaram Gadekar, Sandip Mukherji
BACKGROUND: India is diabetic capital of world, with maximum number of diabetic patients. There is large burden of undetected diabetic cases in community. There is increasing risk of diabetes in urban slum, because of illiteracy, lack of awareness, low socioeconomic status and unhealthy life style. Madras Diabetes Research Foundation (MDRF) has developed Indian Diabetes Risk Score (IDRS) to detect undiagnosed Type 2 diabetes. The aim of this article is to study the performance of IDRS as screening tool for undiagnosed cases of Type 2 diabetes and to find the prevalence of undiagnosed Type 2 diabetes in an urban slum...
April 2017: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893674/seroepidemiology-of-leptospirosis-among-febrile-patients-in-a-rapidly-growing-suburban-slum-and-a-flood-vulnerable-rural-district-in-mozambique-2012-2014-implications-for-the-management-of-fever
#13
Policarpo Ribeiro, Nilesh Bhatt, Sádia Ali, Vanessa Monteiro, Edmilson da Silva, Ilana Teruszkin Balassiano, Carolina Aquino, Nilsa de Deus, Onelia Guiliche, Argentina Felisbela Muianga, Pascoal Jorge Alho, Virginia Lara Evaristo, Ivan Manhiça, Marco Medeiros, Eduardo Samo Gudo
OBJECTIVE: Leptospirosis is one of the most widespread zoonoses in the world and is caused by spirochetes of the genus Leptospira. In Mozambique, the disease is largely ignored and its epidemiology is unknown. The objective of this study was to investigate the occurrence of leptospirosis in febrile patients. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was performed between July 2012 and September 2015 among febrile patients. A total of 373 paired serum samples were drawn from febrile patients; 208 were from Caia District Hospital (rural setting) in Sofala Province and 165 were from Polana Caniço General Hospital (suburban setting) in Maputo City...
September 8, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882168/detection-of-cryptosporidium-parvum-and-cyclospora-cayetanensis-infections-among-people-living-in-a-slum-area-in-kathmandu-valley-nepal
#14
Balkrishna Bhattachan, Jeevan Bahadhur Sherchand, Sarmila Tandukar, Bhim Gopal Dhoubhadel, Leesa Gauchan, Ganesh Rai
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of Cyclospora cayetanensis and Cryptosporidium parvum infections among people living a slum in Kathmandu valley, Nepal. RESULTS: Ten different parasites were detected in the stool samples; the prevalence of any parasite was in 27.1% (71/262). The prevalence of C. cayetanensis and C. parvum were 14.1% (10/71) and 5.6% (4/71), respectively. This study showed high prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections along with the coccidian parasites in the slum area of Kathmandu Valley...
September 7, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871278/community-mobilization-for-slum-upgrading-through-sanitation-in-roma-informal-settlements-in-the-paris-region
#15
Ipsita Nita Chaudhuri
BACKGROUND: Community-based processes addressing environment, housing, and health issues may decrease health inequities by addressing social, economic, and political health determinants more effectively. Yet little analysis of their effectiveness has been undertaken and their potential transfer to marginalized groups in rich country settings. In Europe, stark health inequalities are seen among the Roma, Europe's most impoverished community who often reside in informal settlements suffering from illiteracy, inadequate housing, and lack of water and sanitation...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869693/diabetes-prevalence-and-its-impact-on-health-related-quality-of-life-in-tuberculosis-patients
#16
Ali Nasir Siddiqui, Khalid Umer Khayyam, Nahida Siddiqui, Rohit Sarin, Manju Sharma
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM), assess its influence on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among TB patients. METHODS: In this prospective study, eligible patients at three primary health care centers in urban slum region of South Delhi, India, underwent blood glucose screening at treatment initiation. HRQoL scores were determined by conducting face-to-face interviews using Dhingra and Rajpal (DR-12) scale at pretreatment, end of intensive phase and end of the treatment...
September 4, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863869/intention-to-accept-pertussis-vaccine-among-pregnant-women-in-karachi-pakistan
#17
Mariam Siddiqui, Afshin Alaf Khan, Aiden Kennedy Varan, Alejandra Esteves-Jaramillo, Shazia Sultana, Asad S Ali, Anita K M Zaidi, Saad B Omer
BACKGROUND: Maternal immunization against pertussis is a potential strategy to protect young infants from severe disease. We assessed factors associated with intention to accept pertussis vaccination among pregnant women in Karachi, Pakistan. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey between May and August 2013 in pregnant women who visited healthcare centers in urban slums of Karachi city. Women completed a survey examining socio-demographic factors, vaccination history, knowledge on pertussis disease, perception of vaccine recommendation sources, and potential influences on vaccine decision-making...
September 25, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862241/is-rule-of-halves-still-an-occurrence-in-south-india-findings-from-community-based-survey-in-a-selected-urban-area-of-puducherry
#18
S S Kar, S Kalaiselvi, R Archana, G K Saya, K C Premarajan
BACKGROUND: The objective of the present study was to assess the applicability of the rule of halves in an urban population of Puducherry, South India. We also aimed to find the correlates associated with undiagnosed hypertension to facilitate targeted screening. METHODOLOGY: We derive our observation from a community-based cross-sectional study conducted using the World Health Organization STEPwise approach to surveillance in urban slum of Puducherry during 2014-15...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854200/sanitation-facilities-hygienic-conditions-and-prevalence-of-acute-diarrhea-among-under-five-children-in-slums-of-addis-ababa-ethiopia-baseline-survey-of-a-longitudinal-study
#19
Metadel Adane, Bezatu Mengistie, Helmut Kloos, Girmay Medhin, Worku Mulat
BACKGROUND: In developing countries, children under the age of five years who live in slums are highly vulnerable to diarrhea. However, there is a paucity of information on the relationship between sanitation facilities and hygienic conditions to acute diarrhea among under-five children in slum areas of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Therefore, this study examines the sanitation facilities and hygienic conditions in the slums of Addis Ababa and identifies the main factors significantly associated with acute diarrhea among children aged 0-50 months in those slums...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852236/felt-need-and-treatment-seeking-barriers-among-substance-abusers-in-urban-slum-area-in-central-india
#20
Himanshu Jayantrao Ashtankar, Manoj Rajanna Talapalliwar
INTRODUCTION: Substance abuse is known public health problem in the world. Felt need of treatment and barriers in seeking treatment are important for successful treatment of addictions. Therefore, this study was designed to understand the pattern (type) of substance abuse among residents of urban slum and to study the felt need and barriers for the treatment of substance abuse among substance abusers in urban slum areas of the central India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted in slum area in central India...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
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