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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630642/infant-and-young-child-feeding-practice-among-mothers-with-0-24%C3%A2-months-old-children-in-slum-areas-of-bahir-dar-city-ethiopia
#1
Yeshalem Mulugeta Demilew, Tadese Ejigu Tafere, Dereje Berhanu Abitew
BACKGROUND: Adequate nutrition during infancy and early childhood is essential to ensure the health, growth and development of children. However, infant feeding practice is suboptimal in Bahir Dar City, Ethiopia. The slum area is a heavily populated urban informal settlement characterized by substandard housing, squalor, with a lack of reliable sanitation services, supply of clean water, reliable electricity, law enforcement and other basic services. Residents of the slum area were poor and less educated...
2017: International Breastfeeding Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625886/zoonotic-and-vector-borne-diseases-in-urban-slums-opportunities-for-intervention
#2
Federico Costa, Ticiana Carvalho-Pereira, Mike Begon, Lee Riley, James Childs
Urban slums provide conditions that increase the risk of exposure to vector-borne and zoonotic pathogens. Large interventions, such as social and sanitary changes, are a priority but their implementation is challenging. Integration between the multidisciplinary understanding of pathogens' dynamics and community participatory approaches is a key prevention strategy.
June 15, 2017: Trends in Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610937/hookworm-infections-among-migrant-workers-in-malaysia-molecular-identification-of-necator-americanus-and-ancylostoma-duodenale
#3
Norhidayu Sahimin, Yvonne Ai Lian Lim, Benacer Douadi, Mohd Khairul Nizam Mohd Khalid, John-James Wilson, Jerzy M Behnke, Siti Nursheena Mohd Zain
Ongoing urbanisation of the working population as well as cross-border migration of workers particularly into large cities has contributed to the development and growth of urban slums. These deprived areas are conducive for the transmission of intestinal pathogens including hookworm. The aim of this study was to determine both the prevalence and species identity of hookworm infections among the migrant worker community in Malaysia. A total of 388 faecal samples were collected from migrant workers between September 2014 and August 2015, representing workers from five employment sectors: construction, manufacturing, agriculture and plantations, food services and domestic services...
June 10, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605862/a-pilot-scale-microwave-technology-for-sludge-sanitization-and-drying
#4
Peter M Mawioo, Hector A Garcia, Christine M Hooijmans, Konstantina Velkushanova, Marjana Simonič, Ivan Mijatović, Damir Brdjanovic
Large volumes of sludge are produced from onsite sanitation systems in densely populated areas (e.g. slums and emergency settlements) and wastewater treatment facilities that contain high amounts of pathogens. There is a need for technological options which can effectively treat the rapidly accumulating sludge under these conditions. This study explored a pilot-scale microwave (MW) based reactor as a possible alternative for rapid sludge treatment. The reactor performance was examined by conducting a series of batch tests using centrifuged waste activated sludge (C-WAS), non-centrifuged waste activated sludge (WAS), faecal sludge (FS), and septic tank sludge (SS)...
June 8, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597864/motivating-and-demotivating-factors-for-community-health-workers-a-qualitative-study-in-urban-slums-of-delhi-india
#5
Mathew Sunil George, Shradha Pant, Niveditha Devasenapathy, Suparna Ghosh-Jerath, Sanjay P Zodpey
Background Community health workers play an important role in delivering health-care services, especially to underserved populations in low- and middle-income countries. They have been shown to be successful in providing a range of preventive, promotive and curative services. This qualitative study investigated the factors motivating or demotivating community health workers in urban settings in Delhi, India. Methods In this sub-study of the ANCHUL (Ante Natal and Child Healthcare in Urban Slums) implementation research project, four focus-group discussions and nine in-depth interviews were conducted with community health workers and medical officers...
April 2017: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595624/immunization-urbanization-and-slums-a-systematic-review-of-factors-and-interventions
#6
Tim Crocker-Buque, Godwin Mindra, Richard Duncan, Sandra Mounier-Jack
BACKGROUND: In 2014, over half (54%) of the world's population lived in urban areas and this proportion will increase to 66% by 2050. This urbanizing trend has been accompanied by an increasing number of people living in urban poor communities and slums. Lower immunization coverage is found in poorer urban dwellers in many contexts. This study aims to identify factors associated with immunization coverage in poor urban areas and slums, and to identify interventions to improve coverage...
June 8, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583203/factors-associated-with-mothers-knowledge-on-infant-and-young-child-feeding-recommendation-in-slum-areas-of-bahir-dar-city-ethiopia-cross-sectional-study
#7
Yeshalem Mulugeta Demilew
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is a public health concern in Ethiopia. This might be correlated with inappropriate infant and young child feeding practice. This in turn is affected by Mothers' knowledge on feeding practice. However, information on mothers' knowledge on infant and young child feeding recommendation was scarce in Ethiopia. Therefore, this study was designed to assess mothers' knowledge on infant and young child feeding recommendation and associated factors in slum areas of Bahir Dar City, Ethiopia...
June 5, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580845/-nobody-teases-good-girls-a-qualitative-study-on-perceptions-of-sexual-harassment-among-young-men-in-a-slum-of-mumbai
#8
Susannah Zietz, Madhumita Das
Young adulthood is a key period in which gender norms are solidified. As a result, young women are particularly vulnerable to gender-based violence. In Delhi, over 90% of women have ever experienced sexual violence in public spaces. Sexual harassment of girls and women in public spaces is commonly named 'eve teasing' in India. Experience of sexual harassment in public spaces has been found to be associated with restricted mobility, interrupted education, and early age at marriage. Little is known about men's perspectives on eve teasing and how they believe it affects women and girls...
June 5, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574018/genetic-diversity-drug-sensitivity-profiles-of-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-isolates-from-two-slums-of-jaipur-city-rajasthan-india
#9
Bharti Malhotra, Deepti Dashora, Vipin Kumar, Sumit Goyal, Bhavana Sharma, Madhu Kumar, Kailash Narayan Gupta, Vishnu Dutt Sharma, D S Chauhan, Kiran Katoch, Vishwa Mohan Katoch
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Slums are considered as hotspots of tuberculosis (TB). The study of genetic diversity and drug susceptibility profile of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) will help understand the transmission dynamics and can be used for better prevention and control of the disease. The aim of this study was to determine the drug susceptibility profiles and genetic diversity using the random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) and mycobacterial interspersed repetitive units-variable number of tandem repeats (MIRU VNTR) of MTB isolates from sputum samples of pulmonary TB patients residing in the two slums of Jaipur city in Rajasthan, India...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556458/behaviour-change-intervention-to-improve-shared-toilet-maintenance-and-cleanliness-in-urban-slums-of-dhaka-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Mahbub-Ul Alam, Peter J Winch, Ronald E Saxton, Fosiul A Nizame, Farzana Yeasmin, Guy Norman, Abdullah-Al Masud, Farzana Begum, Mahbubur Rahman, Kamal Hossain, Anita Layden, Leanne Unicomb, Stephen P Luby
OBJECTIVES: Shared toilets in urban slums are often unclean and poorly maintained, discouraging consistent use and thereby limiting impacts on health and quality of life. We developed behaviour change interventions to support shared toilet maintenance and improve user satisfaction. We report the intervention effectiveness on improving shared toilet cleanliness. METHODS: We conducted a cluster randomized controlled trial among users of 1,226 shared toilets in 23 Dhaka slums...
May 28, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511647/low-smoke-chulha-in-indian-slums-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#11
Megha Thakur, Esther A Boudewijns, Giridhara R Babu, Bjorn Winkens, Luc P de Witte, Jeroen Gruiskens, Preeti Sushama, Cristian T Ghergu, Onno C P van Schayck
BACKGROUND: Biomass fuel is used as a primary cooking source by more than half of the world's population, contributing to a high burden of disease. Although cleaner fuels are available, some households continue using solid fuels because of financial constraints and absence of infrastructure, especially in non-notified slums. The present study documents a randomised controlled study investigating the efficacy of improved cookstove on the personal exposure to air pollution and the respiratory health of women and children in an Indian slum...
May 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511415/impact-of-a-structured-tuberculosis-awareness-strategy-on-the-knowledge-and-behaviour-of-the-families-in-a-slum-area-in-chhattisgarh-india
#12
Janmejaya Samal, Ranjit Kumar Dehury
INTRODUCTION: Of different methods of disease prevention, health education and awareness programmes can empower people regarding several aspects of disease management and thereby enabling them in accessing the right treatment, in right time, at right place. AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the impact of a structured Tuberculosis (TB) awareness strategy on the knowledge and behaviour of slum dwellers of Durg, Chhattisgarh, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A TB awareness intervention was implemented in terms of informing the houses of marginalized and vulnerable communities about TB, its symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and Revised National TB Control Program (RNTCP) services and the impact of the same was assessed through a survey questionnaire before and after the implementation of the intervention...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503934/score-disparity-between-the-mmse-and-the-slums
#13
Ann B Yoelin, Nathan W Saunders
BACKGROUND: Multiple brief cognitive instruments are available to assess cognitive impairment in older adults. However, not all instruments demonstrate the same effectiveness when utilized with higher educated adults. This study evaluates the score disparity between the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and the St. Louis University Mental Status (SLUMS) Examination across the education spectrum. It was hypothesized that individuals with more years of formal education would produce higher scores on both the MMSE and SLUMS...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496441/discovery-of-novel-leptospirosis-vaccine-candidates-using-reverse-and-structural-vaccinology
#14
André Alex Grassmann, Frederico Schmitt Kremer, Júlia Cougo Dos Santos, Jéssica Dias Souza, Luciano da Silva Pinto, Alan John Alexander McBride
Leptospira spp. are diderm (two membranes) bacteria that infect mammals causing leptospirosis, a public health problem with global implications. Thousands of people die every year due to leptospirosis, especially in developing countries with tropical climates. Prophylaxis is difficult due to multiple factors, including the large number of asymptomatic hosts that transmit the bacteria, poor sanitation, increasing numbers of slum dwellers, and the lack of an effective vaccine. Several leptospiral recombinant antigens were evaluated as a replacement for the inactivated (bacterin) vaccine; however, success has been limited...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489890/unmasking-inequalities-sub-national-maternal-and-child-mortality-data-from-two-urban-slums-in-lagos-nigeria-tells-the-story
#15
Erin Anastasi, Ekanem Ekanem, Olivia Hill, Agnes Adebayo Oluwakemi, Oluwatosin Abayomi, Andrea Bernasconi
INTRODUCTION: Nigeria has one of the highest maternal mortality ratios in the world as well as high perinatal mortality. Unfortunately, the country does not have the resources to assess this critical indicator with the conventional health information system and measuring its progress toward the goal of ending preventable maternal deaths is almost impossible. Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) conducted a cross-sectional study to assess maternal and perinatal mortality in Makoko Riverine and Badia East, two of the most vulnerable slums of Lagos...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484362/socio-demographic-characteristics-and-tobacco-use-among-the-adults-in-urban-slums-of-dhaka-bangladesh
#16
Nusrat Nausheen Khandker, Tuhin Biswas, Abdullah Nurus Salam Khan, Enamul Hasib, Lal B Rawal
BACKGROUND: Use of tobacco has become one of the major causes of premature deaths in most developing countries, including Bangladesh. The poorest and most disadvantaged populations, such as those living in slums, are considered to be extremely vulnerable to non-communicable diseases and their risk factors, especially tobacco use. The objective of this study was to assess the current status of tobacco consumption among slum dwellers and its association with socio-demographic factors. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in three slums of Dhaka city...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475812/awareness-about-anti-smoking-related-laws-and-legislation-among-general-population-in-slums-of-delhi-india
#17
Nandini Sharma, Tanu Anand, Shekhar Grover, Arun Kumar, M M Singh, G K Ingle
Introduction: Almost 40% of Delhi's population lives in slums and is vulnerable to tobacco use. It is therefore important to assess their opinion and ensure compliance to anti-smoking legislation. The present study was undertaken to assess the awareness of the general public residing in slums in Delhi regarding the smoke free initiative of 2009, 3 years after intensive implementation. Methods: It was a cross-sectional study conducted amongst participants selected by cluster sampling from the slums in 6 districts of Delhi using a pre-tested semi-structured questionnaire...
May 5, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473861/environmental-spatial-and-sociodemographic-factors-associated-with-nonfatal-injuries-in-indonesia
#18
Sri Irianti, Puguh Prasetyoputra
Background. The determinants of injuries and their reoccurrence in Indonesia are not well understood, despite their importance in the prevention of injuries. Therefore, this study seeks to investigate the environmental, spatial, and sociodemographic factors associated with the reoccurrence of injuries among Indonesian people. Methods. Data from the 2013 round of the Indonesia Baseline Health Research (IBHR 2013) were analysed using a two-part hurdle regression model. A logit regression model was chosen for the zero-hurdle part, while a zero-truncated negative binomial regression model was selected for the counts part...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472997/erratum-to-utilization-of-health-facilities-and-predictors-of-health-seeking-behavior-for-under-five-children-with-acute-diarrhea-in-slums-of-addis-ababa-ethiopia-a-community-based-cross-sectional-study
#19
Metadel Adane, Bezatu Mengistie, Worku Mulat, Helmut Kloos, Girmay Medhin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 4, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450584/syria-slums-and-health-security
#20
EDITORIAL
Seth Berkley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 28, 2017: Science
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