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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444674/the-gendered-experience-with-respect-to-health-seeking-behaviour-in-an-urban-slum-of-kolkata-india
#1
Moumita Das, Federica Angeli, Anja J S M Krumeich, Onno C P van Schayck
BACKGROUND: Empirical evidence shows that the relationship between health-seeking behaviour and diverse gender elements, such as gendered social status, social control, ideology, gender process, marital status and procreative status, changes across settings. Given the high relevance of social settings, this paper intends to explore how gender elements interact with health-seeking practices among men and women residing in an Indian urban slum, in consideration of the unique socio-cultural context that characterises India's slums...
February 14, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430785/diabetic-retinopathy-screening-program-utilizing-non-mydriatic-fundus-imaging-in-slum-populations-of-new-delhi-india
#2
Meenakshi Wadhwani, Praveen Vashist, Suraj Senjam Singh, Noopur Gupta, Pallavi Shukla, Amit Bhardwaj, Vivek Gupta
OBJECTIVES: To develop and implement a community-based program for screening of diabetic retinopathy (DR) in urban populations of Delhi. METHODS: Known diabetics (KDs) aged 40 years and older were identified through house-to-house surveys, volunteers and publicity. All KDs were referred to DR screening camps organised locally where procedures included brief medical history, ocular examination, and non-mydriatic fundus photography using portable handheld camera. Fundal images were graded on the spot by trained optometrists for diabetic retinopathy (DR)...
February 12, 2018: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425129/suicidal-ideation-among-youth-living-in-the-slums-of-kampala-uganda
#3
Rachel Culbreth, Monica H Swahn, David Ndetei, Lynnette Ametewee, Rogers Kasirye
The purpose of this study is to examine the factors associated with suicidal ideation among youth living in the slums of Kampala, Uganda. Analyses are based on cross-sectional survey data, collected in 2014, of a convenience sample (n = 1134) of urban service-seeking youth participating in a Uganda Youth Development Link drop-in center. Logistic regression analyses were computed to determine the psychosocial factors associated with suicidal ideation. Among youth participants, 23.54% (n = 266) reported suicidal ideation in the past year...
February 9, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419791/unintentional-childhood-injuries-in-urban-and-rural-ujjain-india-a-community-based-survey
#4
Aditya Mathur, Love Mehra, Vishal Diwan, Ashish Pathak
Injuries are a major global public health problem. There are very few community-based studies on childhood injury from India. The objective of this cross-sectional, community-based survey was to identify the incidence, type, and risk factors of unintentional childhood injuries. The study was done in seven villages and ten contiguous urban slums in Ujjain, India. World Health Organization (WHO) tested tools and definitions were used for the survey, which included 2518 households having 6308 children up to 18 years of age, with 2907 children from urban households and 3401 from rural households...
February 8, 2018: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417007/practices-and-attitudinal-behavior-about-drinking-water-in-an-urban-slum-of-district-rohtak-haryana-a-community-based-study
#5
Ramesh Verma, Avneet Singh, Abhas Khurana, Pragya Dixit, Ranvir Singh
Background: Globally, approximately, one billion people lack access to safe drinking water and 1.59 million deaths per year are because of contaminated water, primarily in children age <5 years. WHO reported that more than 90% of diarrhea cases can be prevented by enhancing the availability of clean water and improving hygiene measures. Methodology: The study was conducted in an urban slum of Rohtak district. Investigator interviewed the mothers at their home having children age less than 5 years using study tools in their vernacular language...
July 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415040/the-role-of-family-size-employment-and-education-of-parents-in-the-prevalence-of-intestinal-parasitic-infections-in-school-children-in-accra
#6
Akua Obeng Forson, Isaac Arthur, Patrick F Ayeh-Kumi
INTRODUCTION: Intestinal parasitic infections (IPIs) in school children are a public health problem in most developing countries. METHODS AND PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: A cross sectional survey was conducted from May to July 2016 with school children living in overcrowded urban slums in Accra, Ghana. A simple random sample of 300 children aged 2-9 years was collected. The study used structured pre-tested questionnaire and stool tests to obtain information on epidemiological, sanitation habits, employment and education status of parents and children...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408453/a-randomized-control-trial-to-establish-the-feasibility-and-safety-of-rapamycin-treatment-in-an-older-human-cohort-immunological-physical-performance-and-cognitive-effects
#7
Ellen Kraig, Leslie A Linehan, Hanyu Liang, Terry Q Romo, Qianqian Liu, Yubo Wu, Adriana D Benavides, Tyler J Curiel, Martin A Javors, Nicolas Musi, Laura Chiodo, Wouter Koek, Jonathan A L Gelfond, Dean L Kellogg
Inhibition of the mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway by rapamycin (RAPA), an FDA-approved immunosuppressive drug used as a clinical therapy to prevent solid organ allograft rejection, enhances longevity in mice. Importantly, RAPA was efficacious even when initiated in relatively old animals, suggesting that mTOR inhibition could potentially slow the progression of aging-associated pathologies in older humans (Harrison et al., 2009; Miller et al., 2011). However, the safety and tolerability of RAPA in older human subjects have not yet been demonstrated...
February 3, 2018: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402106/creating-a-sustainable-participatory-palliative-care-programme-in-an-urban-slum-in-dhaka-bangladesh
#8
Nezamuddin Ahmad
The Centre for Palliative Care, based at the only medical university [Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU)] in Dhaka, Bangladesh, in collaboration with Worldwide Hospice Palliative Care Alliance, piloted a one-year project focussed on improving the quality of life of 100 older people and their families in two slum settings in Dhaka. This project was developed following the identification of significant palliative care needs of older people in the slum settings. In addition, the project was formed in response to the absence of programmes delivering palliative care to the poorest and most marginalised in poor urban settings, in a sustainable manner within the context of the low development of palliative care and the human and financial resource limitations in Bangladesh...
January 2018: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386733/-jago-grahak-jago-a-cross-sectional-study-to-assess-awareness-about-food-adulteration-in-an-urban-slum
#9
Shailesh Ishwar, Puja Dudeja, Pooja Shankar, Santosh Swain, Sandip Mukherji
Background: Food adulteration includes various forms of practices, including mixing, substituting, concealing the quality of food, etc. One of the main causes for rampant adulteration is ignorance of consumer regarding their right and responsibilities resulting in faulty buying practices. Hence, the present study was done to assess the knowledge about adulteration among consumers in an urban slum. Methods: A community-based cross-sectional study was done among residents of an urban slum over a period of 2 months...
January 2018: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29378556/risk-factors-of-stunting-among-children-living-in-an-urban-slum-of-bangladesh-findings-of-a-prospective-cohort-study
#10
M Munirul Islam, Kazi Istiaque Sanin, Mustafa Mahfuz, A M Shamsir Ahmed, Dinesh Mondal, Rashidul Haque, Tahmeed Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Bangladesh is one of the 20 countries with highest burden of stunting globally. A large portion (around 2.2 million) of the population dwells in the slum areas under severe vulnerable conditions. Children residing in the slums are disproportionately affected with higher burden of undernutrition particularly stunting. In this paper, findings of a prospective cohort study which is part of a larger multi-country study are presented. METHODS: Two hundred and sixty five children were enrolled and followed since their birth till 24 months of age...
January 30, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29358419/disparities-in-spread-and-control-of-influenza-in-slums-of-delhi-findings-from-an-agent-based-modelling-study
#11
Abhijin Adiga, Shuyu Chu, Stephen Eubank, Christopher J Kuhlman, Bryan Lewis, Achla Marathe, Madhav Marathe, Eric K Nordberg, Samarth Swarup, Anil Vullikanti, Mandy L Wilson
OBJECTIVES: This research studies the role of slums in the spread and control of infectious diseases in the National Capital Territory of India, Delhi, using detailed social contact networks of its residents. METHODS: We use an agent-based model to study the spread of influenza in Delhi through person-to-person contact. Two different networks are used: one in which slum and non-slum regions are treated the same, and the other in which 298 slum zones are identified...
January 21, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355149/prevalence-of-vibrio-cholerae-o1-serogroup-in-assam-india-a-hospital-based-study
#12
Ajanta Sharma, Bornali Sarmah Dutta, Elmy Samsun Rasul, Dipa Barkataki, Anjanamoyee Saikia, Naba Kumar Hazarika
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Although cholera remains to be an important public health problem, studies on reliable population-based estimates of laboratory confirmed cholera in endemic areas are limited worldwide. The aim of this hospital-based study was to evaluate the prevalence of Vibrio cholerae serogroup in Assam, India, during 2003-2013. METHODS: Stool samples/rectal swabs were collected from acute watery diarrhoea (AWD) cases during 2003-2013 and processed by standard microbiological procedures...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353542/dark-clouds-in-co-creation-and-their-silver-linings-practical-challenges-we-faced-in-a-participatory-project-in-a-resource-constrained-community-in-india-and-how-we-overcame-some-of-them
#13
Preeti Sushama, Cristian Ghergu, Agnes Meershoek, Luc P de Witte, Onno C P van Schayck, Anja Krumeich
BACKGROUND: While any type of field-based research is challenging, building action-oriented, participatory research in resource-constrained settings can be even more so. OBJECTIVE: In this article, we aim to examine and provide insights into some of the practical challenges that were faced during the course of a participatory project based in two non-notified slums in Bangalore, India, aiming to build solutions to indoor air pollution from cooking on traditional cook stoves...
2018: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351299/what-influences-where-they-seek-care-caregivers-preferences-for-under-five-child-healthcare-services-in-urban-slums-of-malawi-a-discrete-choice-experiment
#14
Edgar Arnold Lungu, Amarech Guda Obse, Catherine Darker, Regien Biesma
Access to and utilisation of quality healthcare promotes positive child health outcomes. However, to be optimally utilised, the healthcare system needs to be responsive to the expectations of the population it serves. Health systems in many sub-Saharan African countries, including Malawi, have historically focused on promoting access to health services by the rural poor. However, in the context of increasing urbanisation and consequent proliferation of urban slums, promoting health of children under five years of age in these settings is a public health imperative...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338708/patterns-of-illness-disclosure-among-indian-slum-dwellers-a-qualitative-study
#15
Moumita Das, Federica Angeli, Anja J S M Krumeich, Onno C P van Schayck
BACKGROUND: Slum dwellers display specific traits when it comes to disclosing their illnesses to professionals. The resulting actions lead to poor health-seeking behaviour and underutilisation of existing formal health facilities. The ways that slum people use to communicate their feelings about illness, the type of confidants that they choose, and the supportive and unsupportive social and cultural interactions to which they are exposed have not yet been studied in the Indian context, which constitutes an important knowledge gap for Indian policymakers and practitioners alike...
January 16, 2018: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332302/preoperative-cognitive-impairment-as-a-predictor-of-postoperative-outcomes-in-a-collaborative-care-model
#16
Kahli Zietlow, Shelley R McDonald, Richard Sloane, Jeffrey Browndyke, Sandhya Lagoo-Deenadayalan, Mitchell T Heflin
OBJECTIVES: To compare postoperative outcomes of individuals with and without cognitive impairment enrolled in the Perioperative Optimization of Senior Health (POSH) program at Duke University, a comanagement model involving surgery, anesthesia, and geriatrics. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of individuals enrolled in a quality improvement program. SETTING: Tertiary academic center. PARTICIPANTS: Older adults undergoing surgery and referred to POSH (N = 157)...
January 13, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323822/hand-hygiene-among-health-care-workers-is-educating-patients-and-families-a-feasible-way-to-increase-rates
#17
Marvin J Bittner, Jared M Routh, Matthew D Folchert, Nicholas E Woessner, Sean J Kennedy, Chase C Parks
BACKGROUND: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has recommended teaching patients to remind health care workers to disinfect their hands. However, cognitive impairment among patients may hamper such efforts. METHODS: The St. Louis University Mental Status (SLUMS) Examination was administered to randomly selected inpatients at the Omaha VA Medical Center in Omaha, Nebraska. We asked patients and their families about attitudes toward reminding health care workers to disinfect their hands: willingness, feeling comfortable, and feeling responsible...
June 2017: WMJ: Official Publication of the State Medical Society of Wisconsin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317065/nature-exposure-sufficiency-and-insufficiency-the-benefits-of-environmental-preservation
#18
John R Reddon, Salvatore B Durante
Increasing industrialization, urbanization, and a failure of many world leaders to appreciate the consequences of climate change are deleteriously impacting quality of life as well as diminishing the prospects for long term survival. Economic competitiveness and corporate profitability often pre-empt environmental concerns. The calving of an iceberg in Antarctica and the hurricane activity in the Caribbean during 2017 are unfortunate illustrations of the continuing escalation of environmental issues. We provide historical and current evidence for the importance of Nature Exposure (NE) and introduce the continuum Nature Exposure Sufficiency (NES) and Insufficiency (NEI)...
January 2018: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313840/survey-based-socio-economic-data-from-slums-in-bangalore-india
#19
Debraj Roy, Bharath Palavalli, Niveditha Menon, Robin King, Karin Pfeffer, Michael Lees, Peter M A Sloot
In 2010, an estimated 860 million people were living in slums worldwide, with around 60 million added to the slum population between 2000 and 2010. In 2011, 200 million people in urban Indian households were considered to live in slums. In order to address and create slum development programmes and poverty alleviation methods, it is necessary to understand the needs of these communities. Therefore, we require data with high granularity in the Indian context. Unfortunately, there is a paucity of highly granular data at the level of individual slums...
January 9, 2018: Scientific Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304794/socio-demographic-and-household-attributes-may-not-necessarily-influence-malaria-evidence-from-a-cross-sectional-study-of-households-in-an-urban-slum-setting-of-chennai-india
#20
Shalu Thomas, Sangamithra Ravishankaran, Aswin Asokan, N A Johnson Amala Justin, T Maria Jusler Kalsingh, Manu Thomas Mathai, Neena Valecha, Alex Eapen
BACKGROUND: Household and environmental factors are reported to influence the malaria endemicity of a place. Hence, a careful assessment of these factors would, potentially help in locating the possible areas under risk to plan and adopt the most suitable and appropriate malaria control strategies. METHODS: A cross-sectional household survey was carried out in the study site, Besant Nagar, Chennai, through random sampling method from February 2014 to February 2015...
January 5, 2018: Malaria Journal
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