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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340149/individual-and-regional-determinants-for-physical-therapy-utilization-in-germany-multilevel-analysis-of-national-survey-data
#1
Alexander Rommel, Lars Eric Kroll
Background: Physical therapy (PT) is included in many clinical guidelines and a commonly used health service. However, access to its benefits should not strongly depend on social or demographic factors. Objective: The present study used the Andersen model to explain to what extent PT utilization in Germany depends on factors beyond medical need. Methods: The German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Adults (DEGS, 2008-2011; target population, 18-79 years) is part of the German health-monitoring system...
March 9, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338429/study-on-the-release-of-carbon-nanoparticles-of-different-size-and-shape-from-nanocomposite-poly-lactic-acid-film-into-food-simulants
#2
Hristiana Velichkova, Stanislav Kotsilkov, Evgeni Ivanov, Rumiana Kotsilkova, Stanislav Gyoshev, Nikolay Stoimenov, Nikolay K Vitanov
Poly(lactic) acid (PLA) film with 2 wt % mixed carbon nanofillers of graphene nanoplates (GNPs) and multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) in weight ratio 1:1 with impurities of fullerene and carbon black (CB) was produced by layer to layer deposition and hot pressing. The release of carbon nanoparticles from the film was studied at varying time-temperature conditions and simulants. Migrants in simulant solvents were examined with laser diffraction analysis and transmission electron microscopy. The film integrity and the presence of migrants on the film surfaces were visualized by scanning electron microscopy...
March 24, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336382/migration-and-infectious-diseases
#3
REVIEW
Francesco Castelli, Giorgia Sulis
BACKGROUND: Infectious diseases still represent an important cause of morbidity and mortality among foreign-born individuals. The rising migration flows towards Europe throughout the last few years are raising renewed concerns about management issues and the potential associated risk for the native population. AIMS: To discuss the health implications and challenges related to the four phases of migration, from first arrival to stable resettlement. SOURCES: Scientific literature and relevant statistical reports...
March 20, 2017: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335830/international-non-governmental-organizations-provision-of-community-based-tuberculosis-care-for-hard-to-reach-populations-in-myanmar-2013-2014
#4
Kyaw Thu Soe, Saw Saw, Johan van Griensven, Shuisen Zhou, Le Win, Palanivel Chinnakali, Safieh Shah, Myo Myo Mon, Si Thu Aung
BACKGROUND: National tuberculosis (TB) programs increasingly engage with international non-governmental organizations (INGOs), especially to provide TB care in complex settings where community involvement might be required. In Myanmar, however, there is limited data on how such INGO community-based programs are organized and how effective they are. In this study, we describe four INGO strategies for providing community-based TB care to hard-to-reach populations in Myanmar, and assess their contribution to TB case detection...
March 24, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335771/understanding-the-motivations-of-health-care-providers-in-performing-female-genital-mutilation-an-integrative-review-of-the-literature
#5
REVIEW
Marie-Hélène Doucet, Christina Pallitto, Danielle Groleau
BACKGROUND: Female genital mutilation (FGM) is a traditional harmful practice that can cause severe physical and psychological damages to girls and women. Increasingly, trained health-care providers carry out the practice at the request of families. It is important to understand the motivations of providers in order to reduce the medicalization of FGM. This integrative review identifies, appraises and summarizes qualitative and quantitative literature exploring the factors that are associated with the medicalization of FGM and/or re-infibulation...
March 23, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332443/migration-assessment-and-the-threshold-of-toxicological-concern-applied-to-the-safe-design-of-an-acrylic-adhesive-for-food-contact-laminates
#6
Elena Canellas, Paula Vera, Cristina Nerín
Adhesives are widely used in food packaging. The suitability of an acrylic adhesive used on food packaging has been studied. Six potential migrants have been identified using GC-MS and UPLC-QTOF. Five compounds were intentionally added (2-butoxyethanol and 2,4,7,9-tetramethyl-5-decyne-4,7-diol (TMDD) and TMDD ethoxylates). Moreover, one of the compounds identified as 2-(12-(methacryloyloxy)dodecyl)malonic acid was a non-intenionally added substance (NIAS), that could be a methyl metacrylate derivative. This has demonstrated that the identification of compounds in food packaging is an essential step when the risk evaluation of the package is being studied...
March 23, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332031/how-do-energy-stores-and-changes-in-these-affect-departure-decisions-by-migratory-birds-a-critical-view-on-stopover-ecology-studies-and-some-future-perspectives
#7
REVIEW
Heiko Schmaljohann, Cas Eikenaar
In birds, accumulating energy is far slower than spending energy during flight. During migration, birds spend, therefore, most of the time at stopover refueling energy used during the previous flight. This elucidates why current energy stores and actual rate of accumulating energy are likely crucial factors influencing bird's decision when to resume migration in addition to other intrinsic (sex, age) and extrinsic (predation, weather) factors modulating the decision within the innate migration program. After first summarizing how energy stores and stopover durations are generally determined, we critically review that high-energy stores and low rates of accumulating energy were significantly related to high departure probabilities in several bird groups...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Comparative Physiology. A, Neuroethology, Sensory, Neural, and Behavioral Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331250/sexual-behavior-hiv-prevalence-and-awareness-among-wives-of-migrant-workers-results-from-cross-sectional-survey-in-rural-north-india
#8
Alok Ranjan, Tarun Bhatnagar, Giridhara R Babu, Roger Detels
BACKGROUND: Migration has been linked to the spread of HIV epidemic from the urban areas of western India to the rural areas of north India. OBJECTIVES: This is the first population-based study among the wives of migrant workers of Muzaffarpur district in Bihar with objectives to describe their sexual behavior within marriage, estimate the prevalence of HIV, and to know their awareness regarding HIV/AIDS. METHODS: A two-stage cluster survey was conducted by randomly selecting 25 eligible wives from each of the 34 selected villages...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330984/theoretically-possible-spatial-accuracy-of-geomagnetic-maps-used-by-migrating-animals
#9
Andrei V Komolkin, Pavel Kupriyanov, Andrei Chudin, Julia Bojarinova, Kirill Kavokin, Nikita Chernetsov
Many migrating animals, belonging to different taxa, annually move across the globe and cover hundreds and thousands of kilometres. Many of them are able to show site fidelity, i.e. to return to relatively small migratory targets, from distant areas located beyond the possible range of direct sensory perception. One widely debated possibility of how they do it is the use of a magnetic map, based on the dependence of parameters of the geomagnetic field (total field intensity and inclination) on geographical coordinates...
March 2017: Journal of the Royal Society, Interface
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329932/-an-investigation-on-immunological-effect-of-hepatitis-b-vaccine-amongst-adult-population-in-high-labor-export-rural-regions-under-4-different-strategies
#10
X Y Zheng, Z H Ji, Z W Guo, Y W Liu, Z J Shao, Y P Yan
Objective: To grope for an ideal immune strategy in grown-ups via comparison of immunological effects under 4 different vaccination schemes. Methods: Study population was selected by stratified random cluster sampling. A total of 4 different vaccination proposals, including Strategy A (3 doses, 10 μg, administrated repeatedly into the unilateral deltoid muscle at 0-1-6 months), Strategy B (2 doses, 20 μg, administrated into the bilateral deltoid muscles simultaneously), Strategy C (3 doses, 10 μg, administrated repeatedly into the unilateral deltoid muscle at 0-1-2 months) and Strategy D (2 doses, 10 μg, administrated to the bilateral deltoid muscles at the same time), were conducted in Liangzhou, Minqin Gulang, and the Tianzhu Tibetan Autonomic county respectively, in Wuwei city, Gansu province...
March 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329834/social-security-contributions-and-return-migration-among-older-male-mexican-immigrants
#11
Emma Aguila, Alma Vega
Purpose: For decades, scholars have studied the effects of immigration on the U.S. social security system. To date, this research has been primarily limited to migrants within the United States and does not consider those who return to their countries of origin. We estimate the proportion of male Mexican return migrants who contributed to the U.S. social security system and analyze their socioeconomic characteristics and migration histories. We also estimate the proportion that receive or expect to receive U...
January 19, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329699/of-human-dc-migrants-and-residents
#12
Elodie Segura, Vassili Soumelis
Migration from peripheral tissues to lymph nodes is a key feature of dendritic cells (DCs), but little is known about the migration patterns of human DCs. By analyzing multiple lymphoid organs and tissues from the same donors, Granot et al. propose that the two main subsets of human DCs display different migratory capacity.
March 21, 2017: Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328049/perinatal-mental-health-in-migrant-women
#13
EDITORIAL
Patrick Chien
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327180/an-assessment-of-national-surveillance-systems-for-malaria-elimination-in-the-asia-pacific
#14
Chris Erwin G Mercado, Nattwut Ekapirat, Arjen M Dondorp, Richard J Maude
BACKGROUND: Heads of Government from Asia and the Pacific have committed to a malaria-free region by 2030. In 2015, the total number of confirmed cases reported to the World Health Organization by 22 Asia Pacific countries was 2,461,025. However, this was likely a gross underestimate due in part to incidence data not being available from the wide variety of known sources. There is a recognized need for an accurate picture of malaria over time and space to support the goal of elimination...
March 21, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324794/the-socio-political-context-of-migration-and-reproductive-health-disparities-the-case-of-early-sexual-initiation-among-mexican-origin-immigrant-young-women
#15
Kate Coleman-Minahan
Prior research often explains the lower risk of early sexual initiation among foreign-born Mexican-origin young women by a patriarchal and sexually conservative "traditional Latino culture." This definition overlooks structural factors such as exploitation of migrant workers, and conflates gender inequality and sexual expectations. I use an intersectional framework and the theory of gender and power to explore how gender inequality and sexual expectations are both influenced by structural factors and affect reproductive health outcomes...
March 9, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322629/promoting-the-wellbeing-of-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-forced-migrants-in-canada-providers-perspectives
#16
Sarilee Kahn, Edward Alessi, Leah Woolner, Hanna Kim, Christina Olivieri
Researchers are beginning to document the experiences of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) forced migrants in settlement. However, studies exploring the perceptions of service providers working with this vulnerable population are limited. These may shed light on the challenges of meeting the needs of LGBT forced migrants, especially mental health issues and problems. This qualitative study elicited the views of 22 Canadian service providers, including advocates, lawyers and mental health practitioners, who serve LGBT forced migrants...
March 21, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321906/development-and-feasibility-of-a-community-partnered-nutrition-intervention-targeting-rural-migrant-communities-in-the-dominican-republic
#17
Genevieve Maliszewski, Maithe Enriquez, An-Lin Cheng, Pamela Logan, Jennifer Watts
OBJECTIVE: Research on health initiatives for rural batey communities in the Dominican Republic is needed. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: This study utilized a pretest-posttest design to examine the feasibility and acceptability of a nutritional intervention targeting rural migrant sugarcane families. Participants (N = 310) were primarily female (61%) and ranged in age from 13 to 64 years (M = 25.9; SD = 10.4). A convenience sample was recruited from six rural bateyes in the southern region of the Dominican Republic...
March 21, 2017: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320474/gender-differences-in-beliefs-about-health-a-comparative-qualitative-study-with-ghanaian-and-indian-migrants-living-in-the-united-kingdom
#18
Lailah Alidu, Elizabeth A Grunfeld
BACKGROUND: There is a well-established association between migration to high income countries and health status, with some groups reporting poorer health outcomes than the host population. However, processes that influence health behaviours and health outcomes across minority ethnic groups are complex and in addition, culture ascribes specific gender roles for men and women, which can further influence perspectives of health. The aim of this study was to undertake a comparative exploration of beliefs of health among male and female Ghanaian and Indian migrants and White British participants residing in an urban area within the UK...
March 20, 2017: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318842/ethnic-density-urbanicity-and-psychosis-risk-for-migrant-groups-a-population-cohort-study
#19
Peter Schofield, Malene Thygesen, Jay Das-Munshi, Laia Becares, Elizabeth Cantor-Graae, Carsten Pedersen, Esben Agerbo
BACKGROUND: Rates of psychotic disorder are raised for many migrant groups. Understanding the role played by the social context in which they live may help explain why. This study investigates the effect of both neighbourhood ethnic density and urbanicity on the incidence of non-affective psychosis for migrant groups. METHOD: Population based cohort of all those born 1965 or later followed from their 15th birthday (2,224,464 people) to 1st July 2013 (37,335,812 person years)...
March 15, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316348/new-skills-new-jobs-return-migration-skill-transfers-and-business-formation-in-mexico
#20
Jacqueline Maria Hagan, Joshua Wassink
Numerous studies have documented a high propensity for self-employment and business formation among return migrants relative to non-migrants. The literature points to the importance of remitted savings, migration duration, and number and types of jobs abroad for business formation upon return. Implicit in this scholarship is the assumption that migrants acquire not only financial capital, but also human capital, which expands their opportunities upon return. Empirical work has demonstrated how the transfer of formal human capital, such as language skills and professional credentials, influences the mobility pathways of professional return migrants...
November 2016: Social Problems
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