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Yves Fougère, Samir El Houss, Joan-Carles Suris, Sylvie Rouvenaz-Defago, Damien Miletto, Lucie Von der Weid, Fanny Willen, Joanne Anesta Williams-Smith, Mario Gehri, Pierre Alex Crisinel
BACKGROUND: Worldwide coverage of hepatitis B (HB) vaccination is increasing. This should be considered when determining the best strategy for catch-up HB vaccination in migrant children, who rarely have written proof of past immunizations. This study aimed to estimate HB vaccine protection, chronic HB prevalence and to identify determinants of vaccine protection. METHODS: Newly arrived migrant children at Lausanne University Hospital from October 2014 to July 2017 were prospectively enrolled...
June 12, 2018: Vaccine
Meriem Louni, Nadia Amanzougaghene, Nassima Mana, Florence Fenollar, Didier Raoult, Idir Bitam, Oleg Mediannikov
BACKGROUND: Head lice, Pediculus humanus capitis, are obligate blood-sucking parasites. Phylogenetically, they occur in five divergent mitochondrial clades (A, D, B, C and E), each having a particular geographical distribution. Recent studies have revealed that head lice, as is the case of body lice, can act as a vector for louse-borne diseases. Here, we aimed to study the genetic diversity of head lice collected from Niger's refugees (migrant population) arriving in Algeria, northern Africa, and to look for louse-borne pathogens...
June 15, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
Céline Ledoux, Eva Pilot, Esperanza Diaz, Thomas Krafft
BACKGROUND: The current migration flow into Europe is leading to a growing ethnically diverse population in many European countries. Now more than ever, those populations have different healthcare needs, languages, traditions, and previous level of care. This higher level of diversity is likely to increase health inequalities that might challenge healthcare systems if not addressed. In this context, this study aims at reviewing the policy framework for migrants' access to healthcare in Spain, Portugal and Ireland, countries with a long history of immigration, to identify lessons to be learned for policies on migrants' health...
June 15, 2018: Globalization and Health
Chenyue Zhao, Feng Wang, Xudong Zhou, Minmin Jiang, Therese Hesketh
BACKGROUND: Tens of millions of rural "left-behind children (LBC)" in China grow up experiencing prolonged separation from their migrant worker parents. This study aimed to explore how children are affected by parental migration, from the perspectives of children, parents, and grandparents, focusing on the experiences of prolonged parent-child separation and relationship dynamics in the extended family. METHODS: Qualitative in-depth interviews were conducted in a migrant-sending rural area of eastern China...
June 15, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
L Terragni, E Beune, K Stronks, E Davidson, S Qureshi, B Kumar, E Diaz
OBJECTIVES: South Asian migrant populations have a high risk of non-communicable diseases, such as type 2 diabetes (T2D). The aim of this study is to provide in-depth insight into key success factors and challenges in developing culturally adapted lifestyle interventions to prevent T2D within South Asian migrant populations. STUDY DESIGN: The study has a qualitative research design. METHODS: In-depth interviews, using a semi-structured interview guide, were conducted with eight researchers and project leaders from five studies of culturally adapted lifestyle interventions for South Asian migrant populations...
June 11, 2018: Public Health
Kristin Bianchini, Christy A Morrissey
Efficient fuelling is essential for migratory birds because fuel loads and fuelling rates affect individual fitness and survival during migration. Many migrant shorebirds are exposed to oil pollution and its toxic constituents, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), at migratory staging sites, which has the potential to interfere with avian refuelling physiology. In this study, we orally dosed shorebirds with environmentally-relevant PAH mixtures to simulate dietary exposure during staging. Forty-nine wild-caught Sanderling (Calidris alba) were exposed to 0 (control), 12...
June 11, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
(no author information available yet)
The global refugee/migrant crisis of displacement because of persecution and conflict carries staggering implications of ambiguity and loss for the individuals affected. In 2013, approximately 25,000 displaced people sought asylum in the United States; many of whom have experienced state-sponsored physical and psychological torture. With Physicians for Human Rights (PHR), several medical student clinics work closely with immigration attorneys and University and Community based clinicians to assist U.S. asylum seekers in their asylum claims...
June 2018: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
Maykel Verkuyten, Hadi Ghazi Altabatabaei, Wybren Nooitgedagt
Immigration leads to strong public and political debates in Europe and the Western world more generally. In some of these debates, migrants are described as either having little choice but to migrate (involuntary migrants) or migrating out of their own free choice (voluntary migrants). In two experimental studies among national samples of native Dutch respondents, we examined whether support for the accommodation of newcomers differs for voluntary and involuntary migrants and whether this depends on the relative importance of humanitarian considerations and host society considerations...
April 2018: Social Psychological and Personality Science
Jean-Michel Lafleur, Elsa Mescoli
Following the financial and economic crisis, welfare policies across the EU are increasingly becoming instruments for limiting the mobility of certain EU migrants. In this article, we focus on EU citizens who see their freedom of movement in the EU being restricted after they have applied for social assistance or unemployment benefits in their country of residence. Doing so, we conceptualize undocumented EU migration by means of the concepts of 'non-deportability', 'deservingness' and 'precariousness'. Overall, this article - based on ethnographic fieldwork conducted with Italian migrants in Belgium - expands our understanding of undocumented migration by demonstrating how arbitrary and intimidating bureaucratic processes undermine the exercise of EU citizenship...
June 2018: Sociology
Man Ki Kwok, C Mary Schooling, S V Subramanian, Gabriel M Leung, Ichiro Kawachi
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: In economically developed settings, household income is usually inversely associated with child and adolescent adiposity, but this association may not extend to migrants. Hong Kong is a unique developed setting to study how household income and adolescent adiposity vary by migrant status given many Hong Kong-born Chinese children were born to parents who migrated from neighboring provinces of Mainland China. SUBJECTS/METHODS: We examined differences between the associations of absolute household income vs...
June 13, 2018: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
Gerard Talavera, Clément Bataille, Dubi Benyamini, Martin Gascoigne-Pees, Roger Vila
The Palearctic-African migratory circuit has been typically associated with birds. Very few insects are known to endure annual trans-Saharan circuits, but the Painted Lady butterfly ( Vanessa cardui ) is an exception. While it was demonstrated that this species massively migrates from Europe to the Afrotropics during the autumn, the existence of a reverse migration from the Afrotropics to Europe in the early spring remains hypothetical. Here, we analysed wing stable hydrogen isotope values (δ2 H) of V. cardui migrants collected from February to April across the circum-Mediterranean region...
June 2018: Biology Letters
Luke A Rogers, Anne K Salomon, Brendan Connors, Martin Krkošek
The roles of dispersal and recruitment have long been a focal point in ecology and conservation. The adopted migrant hypothesis proposes a life history in which social learning transmits migratory knowledge between generations of iteroparous fish. Specifically, juveniles disperse from the parental spawning site, encounter and recruit to a local adult population, and learn migration routes between spawning and foraging habitats by following older, experienced fish. Although the adopted migrant life history may apply to many species of pelagic marine fishes, there is scant theoretical or empirical work on the consequent population dynamics...
July 2018: American Naturalist
Siu-Ming To, Ching-Man Kwok, Yuk-Yan So, Ming-Wai Yan
Although numerous studies have indicated the significance of parental support and parent-child communication in alleviating the adverse effects of parental departure on left-behind children, researchers have rarely addressed the impact of parent education on migrant parents. On the basis of the results of a pilot randomized controlled trial, the study reported here involved examining the possible outcomes and feasibility of a parent education program for rural-to-urban migrant mothers of left-behind children in China...
June 13, 2018: Family Process
Marta Cruz-Flores, Teresa Militão, Raül Ramos, Jacob González-Solís
Studying the movements of oceanic migrants has been elusive until the advent of several tracking devices, such as the light-level geolocators. Stable isotope analysis (SIA) offers a complementary approach to infer areas used year-round, but its suitability in oceanic environments remains almost unexplored. To evaluate SIA as a tool for inferring movements of oceanic migrants, we sampled an oceanic seabird, the Bulwer's petrel, Bulweria bulwerii, in four breeding colonies spread along its Atlantic distribution...
2018: PloS One
Amelia Hyatt, Ruby Lipson-Smith, Karla Gough, Phyllis Butow, Michael Jefford, Thomas F Hack, Sandra Hale, Emiliano Zucchi, Shane White, Uldis Ozolins, Penelope Schofield
OBJECTIVE: Ethnicity and migrant status results in disparities with cancer burden and survival; with communication difficulties cited as the main barrier to access. Our research team tested a communication intervention package comprising consultation audio-recordings (ARs) and question prompt lists (QPLs) for Low English Speaking (LES) patients with cancer. This study explored LES patient experiences, preferences, and recommendations regarding the communication package. METHODS: Participants completed a questionnaire and qualitative interview regarding ARs and QPLs...
June 11, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Nicola Heslehurst, Heather Brown, Augustina Pemu, Hayley Coleman, Judith Rankin
BACKGROUND: Global migration is at an all-time high with implications for perinatal health. Migrant women, especially asylum seekers and refugees, represent a particularly vulnerable group. Understanding the impact on the perinatal health of women and offspring is an important prerequisite to improving care and outcomes. The aim of this systematic review was to summarise the current evidence base on perinatal health outcomes and care among women with asylum seeker or refugee status. METHODS: Twelve electronic database, reference list and citation searches (1 January 2007-July 2017) were carried out between June and July 2017...
June 12, 2018: BMC Medicine
Angelique Martha Grosser, Chantal Höller-Holtrichter, Ina-Merle Doyle, Jutta Schmitz, Renata Hoffmann, Emine Ergin-Akkoyun, Antonia Mauro, Jürgen Breckenkamp, Oliver Razum, Jacob Spallek
BACKGROUND: Recruitment of participants from all population groups is a known challenge in social epidemiological research. A multitude of potentially useful strategies for the recruitment of ethnic minorities and certain migrant groups have been proposed. However, existing publications have not answered the question whether such strategies are applicable to a birth cohort study in Germany. The aim of the present study was to present recruitment strategies for migrants in a birth cohort using the example of the BaBi study...
June 11, 2018: Das Gesundheitswesen
Paola Carrai, Lorenzo Zammarchi, Luca Emanuele Pollina, Luca Giordani, Valentina Mangano, Riccardo Iapoce, Francesca Rinaldi, Alessandro Bartoloni, Franco Filipponi, Paolo De Simone, Fabrizio Bruschi
We report a case of post-transplant liver graft infection with Schistosoma spp in a migrant from Sub-Saharan Africa transplanted for HBV-related cirrhosis and with undiagnosed schistosomiasis pre-transplantation. The occurrence of tropical diseases in non-endemic areas warrants screening protocols for organ donors and recipients with a history of exposure in endemic areas. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
June 11, 2018: Transplant Infectious Disease: An Official Journal of the Transplantation Society
Haerin Rhim, Jieun Bae, Hongcheul Kim, Jae-Ik Han
Avian blood parasites, including Plasmodium spp. and Haemoproteus spp., are found worldwide but only limited information of their occurrence is available in the Republic of Korea (ROK). We determined the prevalence of Plasmodium and Haemoproteus and their phylogenetic characteristics in wild birds in ROK. Blood samples were collected from 118 wild birds of 27 species in the Chonbuk Province, ROK. While 43 (36%) were positive for avian haemosporidia on microscopic examination of blood smears, 53 (45%) were positive by PCR targeting the cytochrome b gene...
June 11, 2018: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
B J Gaborit, M Revest, F Roblot, Z Maakaroun-Vermesse, P Bemer, T Guimard, F Raffi, C Bourigault, D Boutoille
OBJECTIVES: To characterize multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) patients treated in a low endemic area in France and to determine risk factors for resistance. We also analyzed the efficacy and tolerability of tuberculosis (TB) treatment. METHODS: Between 2002-2013, all MDR-TB patients diagnosed in western France (hospitals belonging to the GERICCO group) were retrospectively included, with a follow-up period running until 2016. A case-control study (1:2), matched according to age, sex, and year of diagnosis, was performed to assess socio-demographic and clinical data, treatment strategies, and outcomes for the MDR-TB patients and controls treated for drug-susceptible tuberculosis during the same period...
June 7, 2018: Médecine et Maladies Infectieuses
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