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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906020/targeting-vulnerable-populations-a-synthetic-review-on-alcohol-use-and-risky-sexual-behaviour-among-migrant-populations
#1
REVIEW
Emilia Maria Vaz Martins-Fonteyn, Nina Sommerland, Herman Meulemans, Olivier Degomme, Ines Raimundo, Edwin Wouters
BACKGROUND: Research has demonstrated a link between alcohol use and risky sexual behaviour among different types of migrant populations. Therefore, research investigating risk factors associated with alcohol consumption among them is a public health priority. This review aimed to explore the intersection between migration, alcohol consumption and risky sexual behaviour. METHODS: This article is a synthetic review of empirical studies on the association of alcohol and high-risk sexual behaviour among different types of the migrant populations, focusing on measurable outcomes generated from quantitative data...
September 22, 2016: AIDS Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905941/financing-strategies-to-improve-essential-public-health-equalization-and-its-effects-in-china
#2
Li Yang, Li Sun, Liankui Wen, Huyang Zhang, Chenyang Li, Kara Hanson, Hai Fang
BACKGROUND: In 2009, China launched a health reform to promote the equalization of national essential public health services package (NEPHSP). The present study aimed to describe the financing strategies and mechanisms to improve access to public health for all, identify the strengths and weaknesses of the different approaches, and showed evidence on equity improvement among different regions. METHODS: We reviewed the relevant literatures and identified 208 articles after screening and quality assessment and conducted six key informants' interviews...
December 1, 2016: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903874/life-history-characteristics-influence-physiological-strategies-to-cope-with-hypoxia-in-himalayan-birds
#3
S Barve, A A Dhondt, V B Mathur, Z A Cheviron
Hypobaric hypoxia at high elevation represents an important physiological stressor for montane organisms, but optimal physiological strategies to cope with hypoxia may vary among species with different life histories. Montane birds exhibit a range of migration patterns; elevational migrants breed at high elevations but winter at low elevations or migrate further south, while high-elevation residents inhabit the same elevation throughout the year. Optimal physiological strategies to cope with hypoxia might therefore differ between species that exhibit these two migratory patterns, because they differ in the amount time spent at high elevation...
November 30, 2016: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901077/very-rapid-long-distance-sea-crossing-by-a-migratory-bird
#4
José A Alves, Maria P Dias, Verónica Méndez, Borgný Katrínardóttir, Tómas G Gunnarsson
Landbirds undertaking within-continent migrations have the possibility to stop en route, but most long-distance migrants must also undertake large non-stop sea crossings, the length of which can vary greatly. For shorebirds migrating from Iceland to West Africa, the shortest route would involve one of the longest continuous sea crossings while alternative, mostly overland, routes are available. Using geolocators to track the migration of Icelandic whimbrels (Numenius phaeopus), we show that they can complete a round-trip of 11,000 km making two non-stop sea crossings and flying at speeds of up to 24 m s(-1); the fastest recorded for shorebirds flying over the ocean...
November 30, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900931/hiv-positive-migrants-encounters-with-the-swedish-health-care-system
#5
Manijeh Mehdiyar, Rune Andersson, Katarina Hjelm, Lene Povlsen
BACKGROUND: There is limited knowledge about human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive migrants and their experiences in the Swedish health care system. It is necessary to increase our knowledge in this field to improve the quality of care and social support for this vulnerable group of patients. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe the experiences of HIV-positive migrants and their encounters with the health care system in Sweden. DESIGN: This is a Grounded Theory study based on qualitative interviews with 14 HIV-positive migrants living in Sweden, aged 29-55 years...
2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898736/long-term-antiretroviral-treatment-adherence-in-hiv-infected-adolescents-and-adults-in-uganda-a-qualitative-study
#6
Seth C Inzaule, Raph L Hamers, Cissy Kityo, Tobias F Rinke de Wit, Maria Roura
BACKGROUND: Long-term success of HIV antiretroviral therapy requires near-perfect adherence, maintained throughout one's lifetime. However, perceptions towards ART and patterns of adherence may change during the life course. We assessed challenges to long-term adherence in adolescents and adults in three regional HIV treatment centers in Uganda. METHODS: We conducted 24 in-depth interviews and 2 focus group discussions with a total of 33 health-care providers and expert clients (HIV patients on long-term ART who assist with adherence support of fellow patients)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898673/towards-equity-in-health-researchers-take-stock
#7
EDITORIAL
Annette Rid, Michael A Johansson, Gabriel Leung, Hannah Valantine, Esteban G Burchard, Sam S Oh, Cathy Zimmerman
For the 2016 end-of-the-year editorial, the PLOS Medicine editors asked 7 global health leaders to discuss developments relevant to the equitable provision of medical care to all populations. The result is a collection of expert views on ethical trial design, research during outbreaks, high-burden infectious diseases, diversity in research and protection of migrants.
November 2016: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894219/exposure-to-culturally-sensitive-sexual-health-information-and-impact-on-health-literacy-a-qualitative-study-among-newly-arrived-refugee-women-in-sweden
#8
Pia Svensson, Katarina Carlzén, Anette Agardh
In Sweden, migrants have poorer sexual and reproductive health compared to the general population. Health literacy, in the form of the cognitive and social skills enabling access to health promoting activities, is often poorer among migrants, partly due to language and cultural barriers. Culturally sensitive health education provides a strategy for enhancing health literacy. Since 2012, specially trained civic and health communicators have provided sexual and reproductive health and rights information to newly arrived refugees in Skåne, Sweden...
November 29, 2016: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892442/retrospective-study-of-hiv-infection-in-anti-retroviral-treatment-center-of-mahendranagar-nepal
#9
R H Chapagain, K Adhikari, S B Kamar, D R Singh
Background Being the most backward region, The Far Western Development Region has high illiteracy rate, low socioeconomic status and high migration rate contributing the progression of epidemiological status of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) towards generalized form. Objective To study the demographic profile of the HIV positive patients, along with their CD4 status and tuberculosis during diagnosis. Method A retrospective descriptive study carried out from May 2006 to July 2012 in 271 HIV patients registered in HIV clinic of Mahakali Zonal Hospital, Mahendranagar...
January 2016: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890271/-towards-a-transcultural-approach-to-eating-disorders
#10
Marion Vu-Augier de Montgrémier, Corinne Blanchet-Collet, Gabriela Guzmán, Marie Rose Moro
Anorexia must not be considered as a syndrome specific to a culture but as being linked to fast-moving sociocultural changes. Its occurrence can be favoured by certain transcultural phenomena, such as globalisation and the process of acculturation. The analysis of a clinical case of a young migrant with anorexia illustrates the complexity and need for complementary transcultural psychotherapy, to improve understanding and the future.
November 2016: Soins. Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889691/development-of-a-culturally-competent-service-to-improve-academic-functioning-for-latino-survivors-of-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-methodological-considerations
#11
Laura Bava, Alexis Johns, David R Freyer, Kathleen Ruccione
Many survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) develop neurocognitive deficits that compromise academic functioning, especially in the presence of sociodemographic risk factors. The extent to which these risk factors coexist for Latino ALL survivors is not well described, but with shifts in U.S. demographics and improved survival in ALL, culturally competent interventions are needed. The Achieving Best Cognitive Successes after Cancer service was designed and implemented by a team representing nursing, medicine, psychology, and social work...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing: Official Journal of the Association of Pediatric Oncology Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888370/understanding-the-impact-of-migration-on-hiv-risk-an-analysis-of-mexican-migrants-sexual-practices-partners-and-contexts-by-migration-phase
#12
Xiao Zhang, Natalie Rhoads, Maria Gudelia Rangel, Melbourne F Hovell, Carlos Magis-Rodriguez, Carol L Sipan, J Eduardo Gonzalez-Fagoaga, Ana P Martínez-Donate
HIV risk among Mexican migrants varies across migration phases (pre-departure, transit, destination, interception, and return), but there is limited knowledge about specific sexual behaviors, characteristics of sexual partners, and sexual contexts at different migration stages. To fill the gap, we used data from a cross-sectional population-based survey conducted in Tijuana, Mexico. Information on migration phase and last sexual encounter was collected from 1219 male migrants. Our findings suggest that compared to pre-departure migrants, repeat migrants returning from communities of origin were more likely to have sex with male partners, use substances before sex, and not use condoms; migrants in the transit phase in the Mexican border were more likely to have sex with casual partners and sex workers; and migrants in the interception phase were more likely to engage in anal sex and use substances before sex...
November 25, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888179/predicting-tuberculosis-risk-in-the-foreign-born-population-of-british-columbia-canada-study-protocol-for-a-retrospective-population-based-cohort-study
#13
Lisa A Ronald, Jonathon R Campbell, Robert F Balshaw, David Z Roth, Kamila Romanowski, Fawziah Marra, Victoria J Cook, James C Johnston
INTRODUCTION: Improved understanding of risk factors for developing active tuberculosis (TB) will better inform decisions about diagnostic testing and treatment for latent TB infection (LTBI) in migrant populations in low-incidence regions. We aim to examine TB risk factors among the foreign-born population in British Columbia (BC), Canada, and to create and validate a clinically relevant multivariate risk score to predict active TB. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This retrospective population-based cohort study will include all foreign-born individuals who acquired permanent resident status in Canada between 1 January 1985 and 31 December 2013 and acquired healthcare coverage in BC at any point during this period...
November 25, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886739/occupational-segregation-and-earnings-inequality-rural-migrants-and-local-workers-in-urban-china
#14
Zhuoni Zhang, Xiaogang Wu
This article examines the central role of occupation as the "reward packages" in creating earnings disparities between rural migrants and local workers in urban China's labor markets. Analyses of data from the population mini-census of China in 2005 show that, rural migrants' earnings disadvantages are largely attributable to occupational segregation (between-occupation variation) by workers' household registration status (hukou) rather than unequal pay within the same occupations, but surprisingly they enjoy a slight earnings advantage in lower-status occupations (within-occupation variation)...
January 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885973/leprosy-trends-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-mumbai-india-from-2008-to-2015
#15
Thirumugam Muthuvel, Petros Isaakidis, Hemant Deepak Shewade, Lucy Kattuppara, Rajbir Singh, Srinivas Govindarajulu
BACKGROUND: Leprosy remains an important cause of preventable disabilities. After the advent of multidrug therapy, new leprosy cases have come down dramatically. Despite this achievement, India, which contributes 60% of the global leprosy burden, faces some challenges to eliminate the disease, including active transmission in the community and delayed diagnosis of leprosy patients. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of the study were 1) to determine sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of newly diagnosed adults and children (less than 15 years) with leprosy and their trends over time (2008-2015) and 2) to describe the profile of surgical procedures among leprosy patients registered for reconstructive surgeries during 2006-2015...
2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885639/cosmopolitanism-and-the-relevance-of-zombie-concepts-the-case-of-anomic-suicide-amongst-alevi-kurd-youth
#16
Umit Cetin
Against Beck's claims that conventional sociological concepts and categories are zombie categories, this paper argues that Durkheim's theoretical framework in which suicide is a symptom of an anomic state of society can help us understand the diversity of trajectories that transnational migrants follow and that shape their suicide rates within a cosmopolitan society. Drawing on ethnographic data collected on eight suicides and three attempted suicide cases of second-generation male Alevi Kurdish migrants living in London, this article explains the impact of segmented assimilation/adaptation trajectories on the incidence of suicide and how their membership of a 'new rainbow underclass', as a manifestation of cosmopolitan society, is itself an anomic social position with a lack of integration and regulation...
November 25, 2016: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885482/traveling-through-the-perineum-s-to-the-discovery-of-an-old-world
#17
Michele Rubbini
INTRODUCTION: The migration of large numbers of people and refugees induces various fears in their receiving countries; the arrival of potential terrorists, and, among others, the negative impact that their need for health care can have on the sustainability of health services. In this sense, migrants are considered by many a threat. METHOD: In this brief "letter narrative", based on the experience gained in the treatment of various diseases of the perineum, I mean to suggest that the perineal disorders, especially in women, is common event, shared by women of different ethnicity, culture, and religion...
November 24, 2016: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883087/inter-annual-maintenance-of-the-fine-scale-genetic-structure-in-a-biennial-plant
#18
Javier Valverde, José María Gómez, Cristina García, Timothy F Sharbel, María Noelia Jiménez, Francisco Perfectti
Within plant populations, space-restricted gene movement, together with environmental heterogeneity, can result in a spatial variation in gene frequencies. In biennial plants, inter-annual flowering migrants can homogenize gene frequencies between consecutive cohorts. However, the actual impact of these migrants on spatial genetic variation remains unexplored. Here, we used 10 nuclear microsatellite and one plastid genetic marker to characterize the spatial genetic structure within two consecutive cohorts in a population of the biennial plant Erysimum mediohispanicum (Brassicaceae)...
November 24, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881761/where-in-the-air-aerial-habitat-use-of-nocturnally-migrating-birds
#19
Kyle G Horton, Benjamin M Van Doren, Phillip M Stepanian, Andrew Farnsworth, Jeffrey F Kelly
The lower atmosphere (i.e. aerosphere) is critical habitat for migrant birds. This habitat is vast and little is known about the spatio-temporal patterns of distribution and abundance of migrants in it. Increased human encroachment into the aerosphere makes understanding where and when migratory birds use this airspace a key to reducing human-wildlife conflicts. We use weather surveillance radar to describe large-scale height distributions of nocturnally migrating birds and interpret these distributions as aggregate habitat selection behaviours of individual birds...
November 2016: Biology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881523/effects-of-culture-sensitive-adaptation-of-patient-information-material-on-usefulness-in-migrants-a-multicentre-blinded-randomised-controlled-trial
#20
Lars P Hölzel, Zivile Ries, Levente Kriston, Jörg Dirmaier, Jördis M Zill, Christine Rummel-Kluge, Wilhelm Niebling, Isaac Bermejo, Martin Härter
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the usefulness of culture-sensitive patient information material compared with standard translated material. DESIGN: Multicentre, double-blind randomised controlled trial. SETTING: 37 primary care practices. PARTICIPANTS: 435 adult primary care patients with a migration background with unipolar depressive disorder or non-specific chronic low back pain were randomised. Patients who were unable to read in the language of their respective migration background were excluded...
November 23, 2016: BMJ Open
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