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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527472/-leaving-no-one-behind-reflections-on-the-design-of-community-based-hiv-prevention-for-migrants-in-johannesburg-s-inner-city-hostels-and-informal-settlements
#1
Fiona Scorgie, Jo Vearey, Monique Oliff, Jonathan Stadler, Emilie Venables, Matthew F Chersich, Sinead Delany-Moretlwe
BACKGROUND: Unmanaged urban growth in southern and eastern Africa has led to a growth of informal housing in cities, which are home to poor, marginalised populations, and associated with the highest HIV prevalence in urban areas. This article describes and reflects on the authors' experiences in designing and implementing an HIV intervention originally intended for migrant men living in single-sex hostels of inner-city Johannesburg. It shows how formative research findings were incorporated into project design, substantially shifting the scope of the original project...
May 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526699/tory-plan-to-double-migrant-worker-surcharge-will-worsen-nhs-staffing-crisis-says-bma
#2
Matthew Limb
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 19, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526074/oral-health-behaviour-in-migrant-and-non-migrant-adults-in-germany-the-utilization-of-regular-dental-check-ups
#3
Fabian Erdsiek, Dorothee Waury, Patrick Brzoska
BACKGROUND: Migrants in many European countries including Germany tend to utilize preventive measures less frequently than the majority population. Little is known about the dental health of migrants as well as about their oral health behaviour, particularly in the adult population. The aim of this study was to examine differences in the uptake of annual dental check-ups in adult migrants and non-migrants in Germany. METHODS: We used data from the cross-sectional survey 'German Health Update 2010' conducted by the Robert Koch Institute (n = 22,050)...
May 19, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525928/-indicators-for-speech-comprehension-in-migrant-children-a-comparison-of-extreme-groups
#4
Christiane Kiese-Himmel, Herbert Poinstingl, Nicole von Steinbüchel
Objective Children with migrant background learning German as second language are frequently considered having problems in speech comprehension and speaking; nevertheless, it is very difficult to objectify that for young children. For this purpose risk-factors should be determined empirically. Material and Methods The study comprised 126 children from a developmental longitudinal study in 7 day-care centers in Frankfurt/M and Darmstadt. The sample was sorted into two extreme groups by their achievement in oral German language comprehension: criterion T-score ≥46=age appropriate (N=61) vs...
May 19, 2017: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523944/commercial-sexual-behaviors-among-male-rural-to-urban-migrants-in-western-china-implications-for-hiv-prevention
#5
Wenwei Li, Junjun Jiang, Jinming Su, Bingyu Liang, Wei Deng, Jiegang Huang, Bo Qin, Halmurat Upur, Chaohui Zhong, Qianqiu Wang, Qian Wang, Ning Zang, Yanyan Liao, Sirun Meng, Li Ye, Hao Liang
Rural-to-urban migrants are at high risk of HIV infection. The goal of this survey was to explore the commercial sexual behavior and condom use among male rural-to-urban migrants in western China. A cross-sectional survey on male rural-to-urban migrants in western China was conducted. Among all the subjects surveyed, 140 (7.4%) had commercial sexual behavior, which is associated with being aged older than 24 years, being of Han or other ethnic minorities, being divorced, separated, or widowed, having experienced drug abuse, having had heterosexual behavior, having had casual sexual partners, having had sex with a homosexual, and being from Xinjiang...
May 1, 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522980/acculturation-and-school-adjustment-of-immigrant-youth-in-six-european-countries-findings-from-the-programme-for-international-student-assessment-pisa
#6
Maja K Schachner, Jia He, Boris Heizmann, Fons J R Van de Vijver
School adjustment determines long-term adjustment in society. Yet, immigrant youth do better in some countries than in others. Drawing on acculturation research (Berry, 1997; Ward, 2001) and self-determination theory (Ryan and Deci, 2000), we investigated indirect effects of adolescent immigrants' acculturation orientations on school adjustment (school-related attitudes, truancy, and mathematics achievement) through school belonging. Analyses were based on data from the Programme for International Student Assessment from six European countries, which were combined into three clusters based on their migrant integration and multicultural policies: Those with the most supportive policies (Belgium and Finland), those with moderately supportive policies (Italy and Portugal), and those with the most unsupportive policies (Denmark and Slovenia)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521830/evidence-based-policy-responses-to-strengthen-health-community-and-legislative-systems-that-care-for-women-in-australia-with-female-genital-mutilation-cutting
#7
REVIEW
Nesrin Varol, John J Hall, Kirsten Black, Sabera Turkmani, Angela Dawson
BACKGROUND: The physical and psychological impact of female genital mutilation / cutting (FGM/C) can be substantial, long term, and irreversible. Parts of the health sector in Australia have developed guidelines in the management of FGM/C, but large gaps exist in community and professional knowledge of the consequences and treatment of FGM/C. The prevalence of FGM/C amongst Australian women is unknown. Our article reviews the literature on research on FGM/C in Australia, which focuses on health system response to women and girls with FGM/C...
May 18, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521056/ethnic-minority-status-age-at-immigration-and-psychosis-risk-in-rural-environments-evidence-from-the-sepea-study
#8
James B Kirkbride, Yasir Hameed, Konstantinos Ioannidis, Gayatri Ankireddypalli, Carolyn M Crane, Mukhtar Nasir, Nikolett Kabacs, Antonio Metastasio, Oliver Jenkins, Ashkan Espandian, Styliani Spyridi, Danica Ralevic, Suneetha Siddabattuni, Ben Walden, Adewale Adeoye, Jesus Perez, Peter B Jones
Objective: Several ethnic minority groups experience elevated rates of first-episode psychosis (FEP), but most studies have been conducted in urban settings. We investigated whether incidence varied by ethnicity, generation status, and age-at-immigration in a diverse, mixed rural, and urban setting. Method: We identified 687 people, 16-35 years, with an ICD-10 diagnosis of FEP, presenting to Early Intervention Psychosis services in the East of England over 2 million person-years...
May 17, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28518037/crimean-congo-hemorrhagic-fever-in-migrant-worker-returning-from-oman-to-india-2016
#9
Pragya D Yadav, Sachin Thacker, Deepak Y Patil, Rajlaxmi Jain, Devendra T Mourya
In January 2016, a migrant worker who returned home to India after becoming ill in Oman was confirmed to have Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF). Physicians should include CCHF in the differential diagnosis for patients with hemorrhagic signs and a history of recent travel to any area where CCHF is endemic or prevalent.
June 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516869/recommendations-for-infectious-disease-screening-in-migrants-to-western-europe-with-inflammatory-arthropathies-before-starting-biologic-agents-results-from-a-multidisciplinary-task-force-of-four-european-societies-sir-ser-simet-semtsi-facing-the-lar
#10
Filippo Bartalesi, Carlo Scirè, Ana Requena-Méndez, Miguel Angel Abad, Dora Buonfrate, Roberto Caporali, Fabrizio Conti, Federico Diaz-Gonzalez, Cruz Fernández-Espartero, Carmen Martinez-Fernandez, Marta Mascarello, Elena Generali, Giovanni Minisola, Aldo Morrone, Jose Muñoz, Patricia Richi, Gariffalia Sakellariou, Joaquin Salas Coronas, Michele Spinicci, Francesco Castelli, Alessandro Bartoloni, Zeno Bisoffi, Francisco Gimenez-Sanchez, Santiago Muñoz-Fernandez, Marco Matucci-Cerinic
OBJECTIVES: Inflammatory arthritis needs infectious disease screening before starting a biologic agent, however, few data are known about migrant patients, who represent a peculiar population which requires a multidisciplinary approach among international health specialists and should also be considered by health authorities. For this reason, the Italian and Spanish Societies of Rheumatology (SIR and SER) and Tropical Medicine (SIMET and SEMTSI) promoted a multidisciplinary task force in order to produce specific recommendations about screening and advices to be considered in migrant patients with inflammatory arthritis candidate to receive biological therapy, according to their geographical origin...
May 8, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515875/seasonal-abundance-and-habitat-use-of-bird-species-in-and-around-wondo-genet-forest-south-central-ethiopia
#11
Zerihun Girma, Yosef Mamo, Girma Mengesha, Ashok Verma, Tsyon Asfaw
The habitat use and seasonal migratory pattern of birds in Ethiopia is less explored as compared to diversity studies. To this end, this study aimed at investigating the patterns of distribution related to seasonality and the effect of habitat characteristics (elevation, slope, and average vegetation height) on habitat use of birds of Wondo Genet Forest Patch. A stratified random sampling design was used to assess the avian fauna across the four dominant habitat types found in the study area: natural forest, wooded grassland, grassland, and agroforestry land...
May 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515195/cohort-profile-internal-migration-in-sub-saharan-africa-the-migration-and-health-in-malawi-mhm-study
#12
Philip Anglewicz, Mark VanLandingham, Lucinda Manda-Taylor, Hans-Peter Kohler
PURPOSE: The Migration and Health in Malawi (MHM) study focuses on a key challenge in migration research: although it has long been established that migration and health are closely linked, identifying the effect of migration on various health outcomes is complicated by methodological challenges. The MHM study uses a longitudinal panel premigration and postmigration study design (with a non-migrant comparison group) to measure and/or control for important characteristics that affect both migration and health outcomes...
May 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514026/gambling-with-life-masculinity-risk-and-danger-in-the-lives-of-unauthorized-migrant-roofers
#13
Sergio Chávez, Claire E Altman
BACKGROUND: This paper examines the occupational experiences of unauthorized immigrants employed in one of the most dangerous occupations in the United States: roofing. METHODS: We draw on 40 in-depth interviews with return migrants in Guanajuato, Mexico, to examine how the adoption of masculinity, dangerous working conditions, the labor market structure, and absence of legal status exacerbates injuries for unauthorized roofers. FINDINGS: Undocumented men return to Mexico injured with chronic pain, health complications, and trauma...
June 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513336/the-use-of-tenax-%C3%A2-films-to-demonstrate-the-migration-of-chemical-contaminants-from-cardboard-into-dry-food
#14
K Van Den Houwe, C Evrard, J Van Loco, F Lynen, E Van Hoeck
Contaminants in food packaging are a challenge of our time since the packaging material itself has been found to represent a source of food contamination through the migration of substances from the packaging. Before first use, packaging materials destined for the packaging of dry foods can be evaluated by performing migration experiments with the simulant for dry foods: Tenax(®). This simulant is commercially available as a powder that is more difficult to handle during the migration experiments. In this paper we report the development of a Tenax(®) film...
May 17, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511638/screening-for-tuberculosis-in-an-urban-shelter-for-homeless-in-switzerland-a-prospective-study
#15
Jean-Paul Janssens, Timothee Wuillemin, Dan Adler, Yves Jackson
BACKGROUND: Whereas high risk groups such as asylum seekers are systematically screened for active tuberculosis (TB) upon entry in Switzerland, this strategy does not apply to homeless persons despite a reported high risk. Geneva health and social authorities implemented an intersectoral project to screen for active TB in homeless persons. We aimed to assess acceptability of this program and prevalence of active TB in this group. METHODS: This prospective study targeted all homeless adults registering for shelter accommodation in Geneva during winter 2015...
May 16, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510652/international-migrants-use-of-emergency-departments-in-europe-compared-with-non-migrants-use-a-systematic-review
#16
Sarah H Credé, Elizabeth Such, Suzanne Mason
International migration across Europe is increasing. High rates of net migration may be expected to increase pressure on healthcare services, including emergency services. However, the extent to which immigration creates additional pressure on emergency departments (EDs) is widely debated. This review synthesizes the evidence relating to international migrants' use of EDs in European Economic Area (EEA) countries as compared with that of non-migrants. MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, The Cochrane Library and The Web of Science were searched for the years 2000-16...
May 16, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509619/japanese-encephalitis-virus-infection-rate-and-detection-of-genotype-i-from-culex-tritaeniorhynchus-collected-from-jiangsu-china
#17
Hongliang Chu, Zhiming Wu, Hongna Chen, Chunxiao Li, Xiaoxia Guo, Ran Liu, Gang Wang, Minghao Zhou, Tongyan Zhao
Information regarding the infection rate and genotype shifts for Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) are important for JE vaccine application. In Jiangsu province, China, which is one of the provinces with a high prevalence of JE, JEV infection in swine and mosquitoes in certain cities has only been investigated in 2008-2009. Lianyungang City has one of the highest numbers of JE cases in Jiangsu province, and it has a high risk of JEV invasion via migrant birds. JEV infection in vectors in Lianyungang City, which has urban and rural parts, has not been investigated...
May 16, 2017: Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509519/development-of-life-story-experience-lse-scales-for-migrant-dentists-in-australia-a-sequential-qualitative-quantitative-study
#18
M Balasubramanian, A J Spencer, S D Short, K Watkins, S Chrisopoulos, D S Brennan
INTRODUCTION: The integration of qualitative and quantitative approaches introduces new avenues to bridge strengths, and address weaknesses of both methods. OBJECTIVE: To develop measure(s) for migrant dentist experiences in Australia through a mixed methods approach. METHODS: The sequential qualitative-quantitative design involved first the harvesting of data items from qualitative study, followed by a national survey of migrant dentists in Australia...
September 2016: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508130/atmospheric-conditions-create-freeways-detours-and-tailbacks-for-migrating-birds
#19
Judy Shamoun-Baranes, Felix Liechti, Wouter M G Vansteelant
The extraordinary adaptations of birds to contend with atmospheric conditions during their migratory flights have captivated ecologists for decades. During the 21st century technological advances have sparked a revival of research into the influence of weather on migrating birds. Using biologging technology, flight behaviour is measured across entire flyways, weather radar networks quantify large-scale migratory fluxes, citizen scientists gather observations of migrant birds and mechanistic models are used to simulate migration in dynamic aerial environments...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Comparative Physiology. A, Neuroethology, Sensory, Neural, and Behavioral Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506241/socio-demographic-determinants-of-toxoplasma-gondii-seroprevalence-in-migrant-workers-of-peninsular-malaysia
#20
Norhidayu Sahimin, Yvonne A L Lim, Farnaza Ariffin, Jerzy M Behnke, Maria-Gloria Basáñez, Martin Walker, John W Lewis, Rahmah Noordin, Khairul Anuar Abdullah, Siti Nursheena Mohd Zain
BACKGROUND: The number of migrants working in Malaysia has increased sharply since the 1970's and there is concern that infectious diseases endemic in other (e.g. neighbouring) countries may be inadvertently imported. Compulsory medical screening prior to entering the workforce does not include parasitic infections such as toxoplasmosis. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the seroprevalence of T. gondii infection among migrant workers in Peninsular Malaysia by means of serosurveys conducted on a voluntary basis among low-skilled and semi-skilled workers from five working sectors, namely, manufacturing, food service, agriculture and plantation, construction and domestic work...
May 15, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
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