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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226791/counting-the-cost-of-afrophobia-post-migration-adaptation-and-mental-health-challenges-of-african-refugees-in-south-africa
#1
Lindokuhle Thela, Andrew Tomita, Varsha Maharaj, Mpho Mhlongo, Jonathan K Burns
There are few studies on the role of migration within sub-Saharan Africa and its relation to the development of mental illness. We investigated post-resettlement adaptation and mental health challenges of African refugees/migrants in Durban, South Africa. We interviewed 335 African help-seeking refugees/migrants for anxiety, depression (25-item Hopkins Symptom Checklist) and post-traumatic stress symptoms (30-item Harvard Trauma Questionnaire). Socio-demographic and migration history, focusing on post-migration circumstances and experiences of discrimination in the host country, were obtained...
October 2017: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225947/migrants-caught-between-tides-and-politics-in-the-mediterranean-an-imperative-for-search-and-rescue-at-sea
#2
EDITORIAL
Federica Zamatto, Stefano Argenziano, Jovana Arsenijevic, Aurelie Ponthieu, Marco Bertotto, Francesco Di Donna, Anthony D Harries, Rony Zachariah
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225922/using-participatory-learning-action-pla-research-techniques-for-inter-stakeholder-dialogue-in-primary-healthcare-an-analysis-of-stakeholders-experiences
#3
T de Brún, M O'Reilly-de Brún, E Van Weel-Baumgarten, N Burns, C Dowrick, C Lionis, C O'Donnell, F S Mair, M Papadakaki, A Saridaki, W Spiegel, C Van Weel, M Van den Muijsenbergh, A MacFarlane
Plain English summary: It is important for health care workers to know the needs and expectations of their patients. Therefore, service users have to be involved in research. To achieve a meaningful dialogue between service users, healthcare workers and researchers, participatory methods are needed. This paper describes how the application of a specific participatory methodology, Participatory Learning and Action (PLA) can lead to such a meaningful dialogue. In PLA all stakeholders are regarded as equal partners and collaborators in research...
2017: Research Involvement and Engagement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221825/tuberculosis-and-immigration
#4
Adrián Sánchez-Montalvá, Fernando Salvador, Daniel Molina-Morant, Israel Molina
Tuberculosis continues to be a major public health problem in Spain. The incidence of tuberculosis in the native population has declined steadily in recent years. Migration flows have changed drastically since the beginning of the 21st century, with Spain becoming a recipient country for immigrants. Because most of the immigrants comes from countries with high incidence of tuberculosis, the contribution of the migrant population to new cases of tuberculosis is higher in relative terms than its weight in the total population...
December 5, 2017: Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221651/-the-myth-of-virgin-cleansing-latest-news-on-an-archaic-magico-religious-practice
#5
P Charlier, F Bou Abdallah, L Brun, V Hoang-Oppermann, S Deo, Y Mostefai-Dulac, M-F Mamzer, C Hervé
BACKGROUND: In the medical anthropology section of the Nanterre Hospital (France) for migrants and refugees, three cases were recorded of "virgin cleansing" in sub-Saharan African countries. PATIENTS AND METHODS: These consisted of sexual assaults (2 instances of rape and 1 of sexual interference) on sexually immature females (young girls) by patients with sexually transmitted infections (mainly HIV, syphilis) hoping they might thereby be cured. DISCUSSION: These particularly atrocious hetero-aggressive sexual practices based on magical arguments are unfortunately universal and are not limited to a specific culture...
December 5, 2017: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219829/prevalence-of-iron-deficiency-in-a-dutch-geriatric-migrant-population
#6
C L Brederveld, J P van Campen, N van der Velde
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of iron deficiency anaemia (IDA) rises with age. Migrants are potentially at higher risk for IDA because of differences in intake and uptake as well as their higher comorbid status. We assessed whether geriatric Turkish and Moroccan migrants have a higher prevalence of low iron status and IDA. METHODS: Retrospective case-control study in a geriatric outpatient clinic (2012-2015). In total, 188 consecutive Turkish and Moroccan migrants aged ≥ 65 years were included and matched with 188 Dutch controls...
October 2017: Netherlands Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219826/is-there-a-need-for-dietary-consultation-in-elderly-non-european-migrants
#7
P L A van Daele
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Netherlands Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218784/intraspecific-genetic-structure-divergence-and-high-rates-of-clonality-in-an-amphi-atlantic-starfish
#8
Alex Garcia-Cisneros, Creu Palacín, Carlos Renato Rezende Ventura, Barbara Feital, Paulo Cesar Paiva, Rocío Pérez-Portela
Intraspecific genetic diversity and divergence have a large influence on the adaption and evolutionary potential of species. The widely distributed starfish, Coscinasterias tenuispina, combines sexual reproduction with asexual reproduction via fission. Here we analyse the phylogeography of this starfish to reveal historical and contemporary processes driving its intraspecific genetic divergence. We further consider whether asexual reproduction is the most important method of propagation throughout the distribution range of this species...
December 8, 2017: Molecular Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217315/predictors-of-effective-therapeutic-relationships-between-pharmacists-and-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-comparison-between-arabic-speaking-and-caucasian-english-speaking-patients
#9
H Alzubaidi, K Mc Namara, V L Versace
BACKGROUND: The benefits of pharmacist-led interventions in achieving desired patient outcomes have been well established. Effective patient-pharmacist relationships are required to provide high-quality pharmacy care. Limited information is available about how Arabic-speaking migrants with diabetes, in Australia, perceive patient-pharmacist relationship and how these perspectives differ from the mainstream society (represented by Caucasian English-speaking people). OBJECTIVE: To examine and compare the patient-pharmacist relationship, medication underuse and adherence levels among Arabic-speaking and Caucasian English-speaking patients with type 2 diabetes...
November 23, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214144/trajectories-of-emigrant-quasi-citizenship-a-comparative-study-of-mexico-and-turkey
#10
Rusen Yasar
In two of the busiest migration corridors of the twentieth century, namely Mexico-US and Turkey-Germany, migrants can today be dual citizens. However, the acceptance of dual citizenship did not occur automatically; instead, it followed a period of legal statuses short of full citizenship. This paper conceptualises such statuses as quasi-citizenship, a transitional equilibrium between the absence of plural citizenship and the existence of transnational migration. Focusing on sending states, the emergence of emigrant quasi-citizenship is thus explained, first, in terms of whether the reciprocal regimes of emigration and immigration states diverge on the acceptance of plural citizenship...
2017: Comparative Migration Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213301/including-refugees-in-disease-elimination-challenges-observed-from-a-sleeping-sickness-programme-in-uganda
#11
Jennifer J Palmer, Okello Robert, Freddie Kansiime
Background: Ensuring equity between forcibly-displaced and host area populations is a key challenge for global elimination programmes. We studied Uganda's response to the recent refugee influx from South Sudan to identify key governance and operational lessons for national sleeping sickness programmes working with displaced populations today. A refugee policy which favours integration of primary healthcare services for refugee and host populations and the availability of rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) to detect sleeping sickness at this health system level makes Uganda well-placed to include refugees in sleeping sickness surveillance...
2017: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211515/factors-associated-with-use-of-short-term-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-for-hiv-among-female-partners-of-migrant-miners-in-mozambique
#12
Joana Falcao, Allison Zerbe, Maria Lahuerta, Rachel Baggaley, Laurence Ahoua, Pietro DiMattei, Fernando Morales, Isaias Ramiro, Wafaa M El-Sadr
Effective interventions tailored to specific types of behaviors and contexts are needed for women at risk for HIV acquisition. Oral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is an efficacious HIV prevention intervention that uses antiretroviral drugs to reduce the risk of acquiring HIV infection. In Mozambique, HIV remains a major public health concern, with a national prevalence of 13%. Studies have demonstrated that the migration of male miners between southern provinces of Mozambique and South Africa is contributing to the HIV epidemic in Mozambique...
December 2017: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210613/reproductive-tract-infection-and-related-factors-among-female-migrants-working-in-industrial-zones-in-vietnam-2013-2014
#13
Anh Thi Kim Le, Hanh Thi Duc Tran, Tuan Kim Duong, Chuong Canh Nguyen, Ha Thi Thu Bui
We conducted this study to analyse factors related to reproductive tract infections (RTIs) among female migrant workers (FMWs) in four industrial zones across four regions in Vietnam. A analytical cross-sectional study was implemented with FMWs aged between 18-49 years old in four industrial zones in Hanoi, Da Nang, Ho Chi Minh city (HCM) and Binh Duong, Vietnam. Stratified sampling was used to select about 6400 married and unmarried FMWs. Cases were identified through self-reporting of female migrants concerning RTIs symtoms experienced in the 1 year prior to the study...
December 6, 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210341/-without-this-program-women-can-lose-their-lives-migrant-women-s-experiences-with-the-safe-abortion-referral-programme-in-chiang-mai-thailand
#14
Ellen Tousaw, Ra Khin La, Grady Arnott, Orawee Chinthakanan, Angel M Foster
For displaced and migrant women in northern Thailand, access to health care is often limited, unwanted pregnancy is common, and unsafe abortion is a major contributor to maternal death and disability. Based on a pilot project and situational analysis research, in 2015 a multinational team introduced the Safe Abortion Referral Programme (SARP) in Chiang Mai, Thailand, to reduce the socio-linguistic, economic, documentation, and transportation barriers women from Burma face in accessing safe and legal abortion care in Thailand...
December 6, 2017: Reproductive Health Matters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206992/seroprevalence-of-lymphatic-filariasis-among-migrant-workers-in-peninsular-malaysia
#15
Rahmah Noordin, Siti Nursheena Mohd Zain, Muhammad Hafiznur Yunus, Norhidayu Sahimin
Background: Malaysia aims to eliminate lymphatic filariasis (LF) by the year 2020, thus the potential threat of LF from migrant workers needs to be investigated. Methods: Brugian and bancroftian filariasis among 484 migrant workers from six countries were investigated using rapid tests based on detection of specific IgG4 antibodies against BmR1 (Brugia Rapid) and BmSXP recombinant antigens. Results: The seroprevalence of brugian filariasis was very low; however, bancroftian filariasis was notable among workers from India, Nepal and Myanmar...
December 1, 2017: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203929/foraging-and-recruitment-hotspot-dynamics-for-the-largest-atlantic-loggerhead-turtle-rookery
#16
Simona A Ceriani, John F Weishampel, Llewellyn M Ehrhart, Katherine L Mansfield, Michael B Wunder
Determining patterns of migratory connectivity for highly-mobile, wide-ranging species, such as sea turtles, is challenging. Here, we combined satellite telemetry and stable isotope analysis to estimate foraging locations for 749 individual loggerheads nesting along the east central Florida (USA) coast, the largest rookery for the Northwest Atlantic population. We aggregated individual results by year, identified seven foraging hotspots and tracked these summaries to describe the dynamics of inter-annual contributions of these geographic areas to this rookery over a nine-year period...
December 4, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203253/type-2-diabetes-mellitus-management-among-ghanaian-migrants-resident-in-three-european-countries-and-their-compatriots-in-rural-and-urban-ghana-the-rodam-study
#17
Margriet Bijlholt, Karlijn A C Meeks, Erik Beune, Juliet Addo, Liam Smeeth, Matthias B Schulze, Ina Danquah, Cecilia Galbete, Ama de-Graft Aikins, Kerstin Klipstein-Grobusch, Ellis Owusu-Dabo, Joachim Spranger, Frank P Mockenhaupt, Stephen K Amoah, Silver Bahendeka, Karien Stronks, Charles Agyemang
AIMS: To compare Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) awareness, treatment and control between Ghanaians resident in Ghana and Europe. METHODS: Comparisons were made for the 530 participants of the Research on Obesity and Diabetes among African Migrants (RODAM) study with T2DM (25-70 years) living in Amsterdam, Berlin, London, urban Ghana and rural Ghana. We used logistic regression to assess disparities with adjustment for age, sex and education. RESULTS: T2DM awareness was 51% in rural Ghana...
December 1, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202665/the-social-determinants-of-refugee-mental-health-in-the-post-migration-context-a-critical-review
#18
Michaela Hynie
With the global increase in the number of refugees and asylum seekers, mental health professionals have become more aware of the need to understand and respond to the mental health needs of forced migrants. This critical review summarizes the findings of recent systematic reviews and primary research on the impact of post-migration conditions on mental disorders and PTSD among refugees and asylum seekers. Historically, the focus of mental health research and interventions with these populations has been on the impact of pre-migration trauma...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202423/suicide-and-self-harm-in-nepal-a-scoping-review
#19
REVIEW
Suresh Thapaliya, Pawan Sharma, Kapil Upadhyaya
BACKGROUND: Suicide and self harm behavior has become a major public health issue in recent years in Nepal. This small south Asian country was ranked 7th by suicide rate globally by the 2014 World Health Organization report with an estimated 6,840 suicides annually, or 24.9 suicides per 100,000 people. We decided to explore the epidemiology of suicidal behaviour and self harm, modes of attempt, associated risk factors and trends in specific population. METHODOLOGY: Two researchers independently reviewed 47 studies published in the US National Library of Medicine's PubMed electronic Database and Google Scholar till December 2016...
December 1, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202391/high-resolution-ultrasound-in-patients-with-wartenberg-s-migrant-sensory-neuritis-a-case-control-study
#20
Ingrid J T Herraets, H Stephan Goedee, Johan A Telleman, Jan-Thies H van Asseldonk, Leo H Visser, W Ludo van der Pol, Leonard H van den Berg
OBJECTIVE: Wartenberg's migrant sensory neuritis (WMSN) is a rare, patchy, pure sensory neuropathy of unknown etiology. High-resolution ultrasonography (HRUS) is an emerging diagnostic technique for neuropathies, but it has not been applied in WMSN. In this study we aimed to determine HRUS abnormalities in WMSN. METHODS: We performed a case-control study of 8 newly diagnosed patients with WMSN and 22 treatment-naive disease controls (16 patients with pure sensory axonal neuropathy and 6 with pure sensory chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP) or Lewis-Sumner syndrome (LSS))...
November 21, 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
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