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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048386/leveraging-the-domain-of-work-to-improve-migrant-health
#1
Michael A Flynn, Kolitha Wickramage
Work is a principal driver of current international migration, a primary social determinant of health, and a fundamental point of articulation between migrants and their host society. Efforts by international organizations to promote migrant health have traditionally focused on infectious diseases and access to healthcare, while international labor organizations have largely focused on issues of occupational health. The underutilization of the domain of work in addressing the health of migrants is truly a missed opportunity for influencing worker well-being and reducing societal economic burden...
October 19, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048280/changing-demographics-and-prevalence-of-body-lice-among-homeless-persons-marseille-france
#2
Tran Duc Anh Ly, Youssoupha Touré, Clément Calloix, Sékéné Badiaga, Didier Raoult, Hervé Tissot-Dupont, Philippe Brouqui, Philippe Gautret
The prevalence of body lice among 2,288 sheltered homeless persons in the city of Marseille during 2000-2017 was 12.2% and significantly decreased over time. We report a positive association between body lice infestations and older age, duration of stays in France for migrants, frequent consumption of alcohol, and tobacco smoking.
November 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046602/surveillance-at-sea-the-transactional-politics-of-border-control-in-the-aegean
#3
Huub Dijstelbloem, Rogier van Reekum, Willem Schinkel
The relationship between vision and action is a key element of both practices and conceptualizations of border surveillance in Europe. This article engages with what we call the 'operative vision' of surveillance at sea, specifically as performed by the border control apparatus in the Aegean. We analyse the political consequences of this operative vision by elaborating on three examples of fieldwork conducted in the Aegean and on the islands of Chios and Lesbos. One of the main aims is to bring the figure of the migrant back into the study of border technologies...
June 2017: Secur Dialogue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043501/salmon-bias-or-red-herring-comparing-adult-mortality-risks-ages-30-90-between-natives-and-internal-migrants-stayers-returnees-and-movers-in-rotterdam-the-netherlands-1850-1940
#4
Paul Puschmann, Robyn Donrovich, Koen Matthijs
The purpose of this research is to empirically test the salmon bias hypothesis, which states that the "healthy migrant" effect-referring to a situation in which migrants enjoy lower mortality risks than natives-is caused by selective return-migration of the weak, sick, and elderly. Using a unique longitudinal micro-level database-the Historical Sample of the Netherlands-we tracked the life courses of internal migrants after they had left the city of Rotterdam, which allowed us to compare mortality risks of stayers, returnees, and movers using survival analysis for the study group as a whole, and also for men and women separately...
October 17, 2017: Human Nature: An Interdisciplinary Biosocial Perspective
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043055/seasonal-dynamics-in-mosquito-abundance-and-temperature-do-not-influence-avian-malaria-prevalence-in-the-himalayan-foothills
#5
Farah Ishtiaq, Christopher G R Bowden, Yadvendradev V Jhala
We examined seasonal prevalence in avian haemosporidians (Plasmodium and Haemoproteus) in migrant and resident birds in western Himalaya, India. We investigated how infection with haemosporidians in avian hosts is associated with temporal changes in temperature and mosquito abundance along with host abundance and life-history traits (body mass). Using molecular methods for parasite detection and sequencing partial cytochrome b gene, 12 Plasmodium and 27 Haemoproteus lineages were isolated. Our 1-year study from December 2008 to December 2009 in tropical Himalayan foothills revealed a lack of seasonal variation in Plasmodium spp...
October 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043031/postbreeding-elevational-movements-of-western-songbirds-in-northern-california-and-southern-oregon
#6
Andrew Wiegardt, Jared Wolfe, C John Ralph, Jaime L Stephens, John Alexander
Migratory species employ a variety of strategies to meet energetic demands of postbreeding molt. As such, at least a few species of western Neotropical migrants are known to undergo short-distance upslope movements to locations where adults molt body and flight feathers (altitudinal molt migration). Given inherent difficulties in measuring subtle movements of birds occurring in western mountains, we believe that altitudinal molt migration may be a common yet poorly documented phenomenon. To examine prevalence of altitudinal molt migration, we used 29 years of bird capture data in a series of linear mixed-effect models for nine commonly captured species that breed in northern California and southern Oregon...
October 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040565/refugees-migrants-and-displaced-populations-the-united-nations-new-york-declaration-and-the-who-international-health-regulations
#7
Richard Seifman
The World Health Assembly approved the International Health Regulations (IHR) committing countries to strengthen their capacity to address public health emergencies of international concern. A mechanism to assess a country's capacity, the Joint External Evaluation (JEE), is a means to assist countries to assess their health system preparedness. The assessment teams include public health and veterinary experts, but include those with specialized knowledge about refugee, immigrant, and internally displaced persons situations...
October 5, 2017: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040556/cohort-profile-the-peru-migrant-study-a-prospective-cohort-study-of-rural-dwellers-urban-dwellers-and-rural-to-urban-migrants-in-peru
#8
Rodrigo M Carrillo-Larco, Andrea Ruiz-Alejos, Antonio Bernabé-Ortiz, Robert H Gilman, Liam Smeeth, J Jaime Miranda
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 25, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040505/late-booking-amongst-african-women-in-a-london-borough-england-implications-for-health-promotion
#9
Martha J Chinouya, Cathrine Madziva
The National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence guidance is that a pregnant woman should see a midwife within the first 13 weeks into her pregnancy, in what is known as the 'booking appointment' or the 'full assessment' where she discusses with the midwife her care plan, medical and family histories and social circumstances. Significant numbers of black African women present after 13 weeks into the pregnancy. This study explores why black African women access the booking appointment after 13 weeks of pregnancy in a London borough...
October 10, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039780/housing-and-health-of-kiribati-migrants-living-in-new-zealand
#10
Mary Anne Teariki
Settlement is a complex process of adjustment for migrants and refugees. Drawing on recent research on the settlement experiences of Kiribati migrants and their families living in New Zealand, this article examines the role of housing as an influencer of the settlement and health of Kiribati migrants. Using qualitative methodology, in-depth interviews were conducted with fourteen Kiribati migrants (eight women and six men) representing 91 family members about the key issues and events that shaped their settlement in New Zealand...
October 17, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039216/breast-cancer-screening-and-migrants-exploring-targeted-messages-for-moroccan-migrant-women-in-brussels
#11
Wanda Monika Johanna Van Hemelrijck, L Suzanne Suggs, Alessandra Agnese Grossi, Peter Schröder-Bäck, Katarzyna Czabanowska
OBJECTIVES: This study explored views of Moroccan migrant women on barriers and facilitators to the organized breast cancer screening program in Brussels (Belgium), and the potential of targeted printed invitations to increase this population's attendance to the program. METHODS: We conducted one expert interview with the breast cancer screening program coordinator on current practices and challenges with regards to inviting Moroccan migrant women in Brussels for screening...
October 17, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039116/emigration-rates-from-sample-surveys-an-application-to-senegal
#12
Frans Willekens, Sabine Zinn, Matthias Leuchter
What is the emigration rate of a country, and how reliable is that figure? Answering these questions is not at all straightforward. Most data on international migration are census data on foreign-born population. These migrant stock data describe the immigrant population in destination countries but offer limited information on the rate at which people leave their country of origin. The emigration rate depends on the number leaving in a given period and the population at risk of leaving, weighted by the duration at risk...
October 16, 2017: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038752/seasonal-and-year-round-use-of-the-kushiro-wetland-hokkaido-japan-by-sika-deer-cervus-nippon-yesoensis
#13
Hino Takafumi, Tatsuya Kamii, Takunari Murai, Ryoto Yoshida, Atsuki Sato, Yasuyuki Tachiki, Rika Akamatsu, Tsuyoshi Yoshida
The sika deer (Cervus nippon yesoensis) population in the Ramsar-listed Kushiro Wetland has increased in recent years, and the Ministry of the Environment of Japan has decided to take measures to reduce the impact of deer on the ecosystem. However, seasonal movement patterns of the deer (i.e., when and where the deer inhabit the wetland) remain unclear. We examined the seasonal movement patterns of sika deer in the Kushiro Wetland from 2013 to 2015 by analyzing GPS location data for 28 hinds captured at three sites in the wetland...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038177/cervical-and-breast-cancer-screening-participation-and-utilisation-of-maternal-health-services-a-cross-sectional-study-among-immigrant-women-in-southern-italy
#14
Aida Bianco, Elisabetta Larosa, Claudia Pileggi, Carmelo G A Nobile, Maria Pavia
OBJECTIVES: Women make up approximately half of the world's one billion migrants. Immigrant women tend to be one of the most vulnerable population groups with respect to healthcare. Cancer screening (CS) and maternal and reproductive health have been included among the 10 main issues pertinent to women's health. The aim of this study is to explore breast and cervical CS participation and to acquire information regarding access to healthcare services during pregnancy, childbirth and the postpartum period among age eligible immigrant women in Southern Italy...
October 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037053/microorganisms-as-an-indicator-of-hygiene-status-among-migrant-food-handlers-in-peninsular-malaysia
#15
Pei Yee Woh, Kwai Lin Thong, Yvonne Ai Lian Lim, Jerzy Marian Behnke, John Watkin Lewis, Siti Nursheena Mohd Zain
This study used microbial indicators to assess the hygiene status of 383 migrant food handlers from 3 urban cities in Peninsular Malaysia. Microbiological analysis revealed that all the hand swabs tested 99.5% positive for aerobic plate counts (mean [M] ± standard deviation [SD] = 3.57 ± 0.83 log10CFU [colony forming unit]), 20.8% positive for total coliform/ Escherichia coli (M ± SD = 0.30 ± 0.67 log10CFU), and 63.4% positive for Staphylococcus aureus (M ± SD = 1.38 ± 1.26 log10CFU). In addition, aerobic plate counts and Staphylococcus aureus counts exceeded the acceptable standard levels...
October 1, 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036177/dietary-patterns-in-internal-migrants-in-a-continental-country-a-population-based-study
#16
Antonio Augusto Ferreira Carioca, Bartira Gorgulho, Juliana Araujo Teixeira, Regina Mara Fisberg, Dirce Maria Marchioni
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the differences and similarities in dietary patterns among migrants and natives. METHODS: A population-based, cross-sectional study was conducted in the city of São Paulo. The study population included internal migrants, defined as individuals born outside São Paulo city who had lived in the city for ten years or longer. The final population (n = 999) was divided into three groups: natives of São Paulo (n = 354), migrants from the Southeast (n = 349) and migrants from the Northeast (n = 296)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035941/arterial-stiffness-and-cardiometabolic-phenotype-of-cameroonian-pygmies-and-bantus
#17
William Ngatchou, Daniel Lemogoum, Christian Mélot, Virginie Guimfacq, Philippe van de Borne, Jean Claude Wautrecht, Michel P Hermans, Luc Van Bortel, Marc Leeman
BACKGROUND: Pygmies living in the Central African rainforest with a traditional hunter-gatherer lifestyle have a low incidence of cardiovascular diseases. Because of progressive loss of traditional habitat and ancestral lands, some Pygmies have migrated to urban areas and adopt specific Bantu lifestyles such as increased salt consumption and a sedentary way of life. We tested the hypothesis that migrant Pygmies could present with hemodynamic and metabolic characteristics different from those of traditional in-situ Pygmies and possibly closer to those of Bantu farmers...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035154/ethnographic-research-in-immigrant-specific-drug-abuse-recovery-houses
#18
Anna Pagano, Juliet P Lee, Victor García, Carlos Recarte
Access to study populations is a major concern for drug use and treatment researchers. Spaces related to drug use and treatment have varying levels of researcher accessibility based on several issues, including legality, public versus private settings, and insider/outsider status. Ethnographic research methods are indispensable for gaining and maintaining access to hidden or "hard-to-reach" populations. Here, we discuss our long-term ethnographic research on drug abuse recovery houses created by and for Latino migrants and immigrants in Northern California...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034258/migrants-and-refugees-in-europe-challenges-experiences-and-contributions
#19
REVIEW
Tobias Schilling, Stephan Rauscher, Christian Menzel, Simon Reichenauer, Martina Müller-Schilling, Stephan Schmid, Michael Selgrad
Due to the current geopolitical situation more refugees from crisis countries were and will be treated in Europe. In 2015 the number of displaced people reached an unprecedented level, with more than one million crossing into Europe. The migration itself can impair both mental and physical health. Therefore, the provision of medical care for refugees and migrants is a novel and major challenge for the health care systems in Europe. In this article we describe our experiences and contribution in providing medical care for refugees who have newly arrived in Stuttgart, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany...
August 2017: Visceral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034076/accessibility-to-health-services-among-migrant-workers-in-the-northeast-of-thailand
#20
Suprawee Khongthanachayopit, Wongsa Laohasiriwong
Background. There is an increasing trend of trans-border migration from neighboring countries to Thailand. According to human rights laws, everyone must have access to health services, even if they are from other nationalities.  However, a small minority of health personnel in Thailand discriminate against immigrant workers, as they are from a lower financial bracket. Methods. This cross-sectional study aims to determine the prevalence of accessibility to health services and factors associated with access to health services among migrant workers who work along the Northeast border of Thailand...
2017: F1000Research
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