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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823000/erratum-to-incidence-of-schizophrenia-among-migrants-in-the-netherlands-a-direct-comparison-of-first-contact-and-longitudinal-register-approaches
#1
Simon J Hogerzeil, Albert M van Hemert, Wim Veling, Hans W Hoek
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 19, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822349/the-icrc-am-pm-database-challenges-in-forensic-data-management-in-the-humanitarian-sphere
#2
Ute Hofmeister, Shuala S Martin, Carlos Villalobos, Juliana Padilla, Oran Finegan
Large-scale forensic investigations should include a robust data management system with software capable of performing all tasks relevant to achieving the objectives of the investigation. Data management involves the collection, archiving, analysis and reporting of data. A successful data management system requires the development of protocols, procedures and policies, such as on data protection, as well as tools, including software. Adequate training for staff is also required, along with strict quality control and assurance regimens...
July 27, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821507/social-capital-neighbourhood-characteristics-and-utilisation-of-local-public-health-services-among-domestic-migrants-in-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Zhiyuan Hou, Senlin Lin, Donglan Zhang
OBJECTIVES: We examined the association between structural social capital and public health services use, and explored the modifiable effect of neighbourhood factors on this association among domestic migrants in China. METHODS: Data were from a 2014 nationally representative cross-sectional sample of domestic migrants aged 15-59 years in China. Survey-weighted logistic regression models were applied to assess the association between structural social capital, measured by participation in social organisations and social activities, and use of public health services...
August 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820683/malaria-in-the-guangxi-zhuang-autonomous-region-in-china-a-twelve-year-surveillance-data-study
#4
Kangming Lin, Haiyan Wei, Weikang Jiang, Jun Li, Weiwei Zhang, Shujiao Wei, Yichao Yang, Yaming Huang, Xiangyang Feng, Hong Tu, Jun Feng
The incidence of an indigenous malaria, defined as malaria acquired by a local mosquito transmission, declined from 2004 to 2015 in the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. However, imported malaria, defined as malaria acquired from other endemic regions outside of China, has been increasing in the region, as in the rest of the country, particularly the disease caused by Plasmodium falciparum. A retrospective study was conducted to explore malaria-endemic characteristics in Guangxi during the 2004-2015 timeframe; a total of 2,726 confirmed malaria cases were reported, and the majority (90...
August 7, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818064/association-between-migration-and-cognitive-status-among-middle-aged-and-older-adults-a-systematic-review
#5
Hanzhang Xu, Yinan Zhang, Bei Wu
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to synthesize the current literature examining the association between migration and cognitive function among middle-aged and older adults. METHODS: We used the PRISMA as a guideline for this systematic review and searched the following databases: PubMed, CINAHL, EMBASE, and Global Health. RESULTS: Twenty-five published studies were included. Twenty-two studies were focused on international migrants, while only 3 studied internal migrants...
August 17, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816192/tobacco-abuse-and-associated-oral-lesions-among-interstate-migrant-construction-workers
#6
Anzil Ks Ali, Arshad Mohammed, Archana A Thomas, Shann Paul, M Shahul, K Kasim
AIM: The present study was conducted to assess the prevalence of tobacco use and associated oral mucosal lesions among construction workers of Cochin, Kerala, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried at various construction sites of Cochin and 2,163 workers were selected using multistage sampling method and were interviewed and examined. Information regarding demographic details, form, type, frequency of tobacco use, earlier attempt to quit, and willingness to quit tobacco use was obtained using predesigned questionnaire...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815767/gut-microbiota-of-a-long-distance-migrant-demonstrates-resistance-against-environmental-microbe-incursions
#7
Alice Risely, David Waite, Beata Ujvari, Marcel Klaassen, Bethany Hoye
Migratory animals encounter suites of novel microbes as they move between disparate sites during their migrations, and are frequently implicated in the global spread of pathogens. Although wild animals have been shown to source a proportion of their gut microbiota from their environment, the susceptibility of migrants to enteric infections may be dependent upon the capacity of their gut microbiota to resist incorporating encountered microbes. To evaluate migrants' susceptibility to microbial invasion, we determined the extent of microbial sourcing from the foraging environment, and examined how this influenced gut microbiota dynamics over time and space in a migratory shorebird, the Red-necked stint...
August 16, 2017: Molecular Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814612/effects-of-a-social-cue-on-reproductive-development-and-pre-alternate-molt-in-seasonally-breeding-migrant-and-resident-female-songbirds-zonotrichia-leucophrys
#8
Helen E Chmura, Simone L Meddle, John C Wingfield, Thomas P Hahn
To time reproduction optimally, birds have evolved diverse mechanisms by which they respond to environmental changes that help them anticipate and prepare for the breeding season. While residents initiate reproductive preparation and breed in the same geographic location, migrant birds simultaneously prepare for breeding and migration far from their breeding grounds. As a result, it is hypothesized that migrant and resident birds use environmental cues differently to prepare to breed and that there is adaptive specialization in mechanisms regulating reproductive preparation...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812838/forced-migration-and-global-responsibility-for-health-comment-on-defining-and-acting-on-global-health-the-case-of-japan-and-the-refugee-crisis
#9
Kayvan Bozorgmehr, Oliver Razum
Forced migration has become a world-wide phenomenon in the past century, affecting increasing numbers of countries and people. It entails important challenges from a global health perspective. Leppold et al have critically discussed the Japanese interpretation of global responsibility for health in the context of forced migration. This commentary complements their analysis by outlining three priority areas of global health responsibility for European Union (EU) countries. We highlight important stages of the migration phases related to forced migration and propose three arguments...
November 5, 2016: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812824/the-life-story-experience-of-migrant-dentists-in-australia-potential-implications-for-health-workforce-governance-and-international-cooperation
#10
Madhan Balasubramanian, A John Spencer, Stephanie D Short, Keith Watkins, Sergio Chrisopoulos, David S Brennan
BACKGROUND: The migration of dentists is a major policy challenge facing both developing and developed countries. Dentists from over 120 countries migrate to Australia, and a large proportion are from developing countries. The aim of the study was to assess the life story experience (LSE) of migrant dentists in Australia, in order to address key policy challenges facing dentist migration. METHODS: A national survey of all migrant dentists resident in Australia was conducted in 2013...
October 10, 2016: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812707/the-rise-and-fall-of-malaria-under-land-use-change-in-frontier-regions
#11
Andres Baeza, Mauricio Santos-Vega, Andrew P Dobson, Mercedes Pascual
Land-use change is the main force behind ecological and social change in many countries around the globe; it is primarily driven by resource needs and external economic incentives. Concomitantly, transformations of the land are the main drivers for the emergence and re-emergence of malaria. An understanding of malaria population dynamics in transforming landscapes is lacking, despite its relevance for developmental and public health policies. We develop a mathematical model that couples malaria epidemiology with the socio-economic and demographic processes that occur in a landscape undergoing land-use change...
March 20, 2017: Nature ecology & evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810488/the-effect-of-socioeconomic-status-and-social-inclusion-on-the-mental-health-of-chinese-migrants-a-comparison-between-interprovincial-and-intra-provincial-migrants
#12
Yingying Yi, Ying Liang
This article sought to explore the impacts of socioeconomic status and social inclusion on intra-provincial and interprovincial migrants' mental health by constructing the Bayesian structural equation model. A total of 14,584 migrants aged 15-59 years living in eight cities of China were selected. It was found that the impacts of socioeconomic status and social inclusion on mental health were converse for these two groups. And the manifest variables coefficients of socioeconomic status and social inclusion were also converse...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809948/-when-i-first-saw-a-condom-i-was-frightened-a-qualitative-study-of-sexual-behavior-love-and-life-of-young-cross-border-migrants-in-urban-chiang-mai-thailand
#13
Arunrat Tangmunkongvorakul, Patou Masika Musumari, Kriengkrai Srithanaviboonchai, Veruree Manoyos, Teeranee Techasrivichien, S Pilar Suguimoto, Masako Ono-Kihara, Masahiro Kihara, Suwat Chariyalertsak
BACKGROUND: Many young migrant workers move across the border to Chiang Mai, a major city in Northern Thailand, in search of work opportunities. This study describes their sexual behavior, lifestyles, relationships and experiences with youth-friendly sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services. METHODS: This is the qualitative arm of a mixed methods study using focus group discussions (FGDs) among young MWs aged 15-24 years in urban Chiang Mai. We conducted 6 FGDs with 84 participants (43 males, 41 females) organized in groups of 10-15 people, including 3 groups of males, 2 groups of females, and 1 group of both males and females...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808814/the-impact-of-being-a-migrant-from-a-non-english-speaking-country-on-healthcare-outcomes-in-frail-older-inpatients-an-australian-study
#14
David Basic, Chris Shanley, Rinaldo Gonzales
The purpose of this prospective study of 2180 consecutive index admissions to an acute geriatric service was to compare in-hospital outcomes of frail older inpatients born in non-English-speaking counties, referred to as culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) countries in Australia, with those born in English-speaking countries. Multivariate logistic regression was used to model in-hospital mortality and new nursing home placement. Multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression was used to model length of stay...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808807/sociodemographic-and-lifestyle-factors-and-health-conditions-of-dominican-adults-living-in-puerto-rico
#15
Martha Tamez, Carlos F Ríos-Bedoya, José F Rodríguez-Orengo, Katherine L Tucker, Josiemer Mattei
Dominicans are the largest migrant community in Puerto Rico, yet understudied. We compared risk factors and health conditions of Dominicans versus Puerto Ricans (PRs). Cross-sectional survey of Dominicans (n = 55) and PRs (n = 310) aged 30-75 years, assessed with validated questionnaires and standardized anthropometric measurements. Significantly, more Dominicans than PRs had attained <8th grade education (37.7 vs. 8.0%), reported household income ≤$10,000 (76.1 vs. 56.9%), lacked health insurance (19...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808557/timing-and-pattern-of-annual-silver-eel-migration-in-two-european-watersheds-are-determined-by-similar-cues
#16
Odd Terje Sandlund, Ola H Diserud, Russell Poole, Knut Bergesen, Mary Dillane, Gerard Rogan, Caroline Durif, Eva B Thorstad, Leif Asbjørn Vøllestad
Many animals perform long-distance migrations in order to maximize lifetime reproductive success. The European eel migrates several thousand kilometers between their feeding habitats in continental waters (fresh-, brackish, and sea water) and their spawning area in the Sargasso Sea. Eels residing in freshwaters usually initiate their spawning migration as silver eels during autumn, triggered by diverse environmental cues. We analyzed the time series of silver eel downstream migration in Burrishoole, Ireland (1971-2015), and Imsa, Norway (1975-2015), to examine factors regulating the silver eel migration from freshwater to the sea...
August 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808552/evolution-of-mammalian-migrations-for-refuge-breeding-and-food
#17
Gitanjali E Gnanadesikan, William D Pearse, Allison K Shaw
Many organisms migrate between distinct habitats, exploiting variable resources while profoundly affecting ecosystem services, disease spread, and human welfare. However, the very characteristics that make migration captivating and significant also make it difficult to study, and we lack a comprehensive understanding of which species migrate and why. Here we show that, among mammals, migration is concentrated within Cetacea and Artiodactyla but also diffusely spread throughout the class (found in 12 of 27 orders)...
August 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808543/exploiting-opportunistic-observations-to-estimate-changes-in-seasonal-site-use-an-example-with-wetland-birds
#18
Alejandro Ruete, Tomas Pärt, Åke Berg, Jonas Knape
Nonsystematically collected, a.k.a. opportunistic, species observations are accumulating at a high rate in biodiversity databases. Occupancy models have arisen as the main tool to reduce effects of limited knowledge about effort in analyses of opportunistic data. These models are generally using long closure periods (e.g., breeding season) for the estimation of probability of detection and occurrence. Here, we use the fact that multiple opportunistic observations in biodiversity databases may be available even within days (e...
August 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807503/morphological-physiological-and-dietary-covariation-in-migratory-and-resident-adult-brown-trout-salmo-trutta
#19
Kathryn S Peiman, Kim Birnie-Gauvin, Martin H Larsen, Scott F Colborne, Kathleen M Gilmour, Kim Aarestrup, William G Willmore, Steven J Cooke
The causes and consequences of trait relationships within and among the categories of physiology, morphology, and life-history remain poorly studied. Few studies cross the boundaries of these categories, and recent reviews have pointed out not only the dearth of evidence for among-category correlations but that trait relationships may change depending on the ecological conditions a population faces. We examined changes in mean values and correlations between traits in a partially migrant population of brown trout when migrant sea-run and resident stream forms were breeding sympatrically...
July 14, 2017: Zoology: Analysis of Complex Systems, ZACS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807062/neuropsychiatric-characteristics-of-antiterrorist-operation-combatants-in-the-donbass-ukraine
#20
Konstantin N Loganovsky, Natalia A Zdanevich, Marina V Gresko, Donatella Marazziti, Tatiana K Loganovskaja
OBJECTIVE: The present paper aimed to explore the neuropsychiatric characteristics of the antiterrorism (ATO) combatants in the Donets Basin (Donbass) and to propose therapeutic strategies for managing their mental healthcare. METHODS: A total of 54 ATO combatants were included in our study and compared with four groups of subjects exposed to other emergencies, including the Chernobyl disaster and the war in Afghanistan. The neuropsychiatric features were assessed through psychopathological assessments, neurological examinations, and quantitative electroencephalography (qEEG)...
August 15, 2017: CNS Spectrums
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