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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656526/access-to-knowledge-and-the-global-abortion-policies-database
#1
Joanna N Erdman, Brooke Ronald Johnson
Research shows that women, healthcare providers, and even policy makers worldwide have limited or inaccurate knowledge of the abortion law and policies in their country. These knowledge gaps sometimes stem from the vague and broad terms of the law, which breed uncertainty and even conflict when unaccompanied by accessible regulation or guidelines. Inconsistency across national law and policy further impedes safe and evidence-based practice. This lack of transparency creates a crisis of accountability. Those seeking care cannot know their legal entitlements, service providers cannot practice with legal protection, and governments can escape legal responsibility for the adverse effects of their laws...
April 14, 2018: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656469/mortality-and-nursing-home-placement-of-dementia-patients-in-rural-and-urban-areas-a-cohort-study-from-the-swedish-dementia-registry
#2
Mandy Roheger, Eva Zupanic, Ingemar Kåreholt, Dorota Religa, Elke Kalbe, Maria Eriksdotter, Sara Garcia-Ptacek
BACKGROUND: Life in rural and urban areas differs in regard to social support and health care. Our aim was to examine the association between nursing home placement and survival of patients with dementia living in urban vs. rural areas. METHODS: We performed a longitudinal cohort study of patients with dementia at time of diagnosis (n = 58 154) and at first follow-up (n = 21 522) including patients registered from 2007 through 2014 in the Swedish Dementia Registry (SveDem)...
April 14, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656273/the-feasibility-and-concurrent-validity-of-performing-the-movement-assessment-battery-for-children-2nd-edition-via-telerehabilitation-technology
#3
Kristy Nicola, Jemimah Waugh, Emily Charles, Trevor Russell
BACKGROUND: In rural and remote communities children with motor difficulties have less access to rehabilitation services. Telerehabilitation technology is a potential method to overcome barriers restricting access to healthcare in these areas. Assessment is necessary to guide clinical reasoning; however it is unclear which paediatric assessments can be administered remotely. The Movement Assessment Battery for Children - 2nd Edition is commonly used by various health professionals to assess motor performance of children...
April 12, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656035/-the-artist-at-the-hospital-a-musical-experience-in-pediatric-hemodialysis
#4
M Tanquerel, F Broux, F Louillet, G De Blasi
Culture at the hospital is part of a policy of providing everyone access to culture. This article describes a musical intervention that provides patients and healthcare professionals a central role in creation; qualitatively assesses the benefits of these interventions for children and caregivers; evaluate the lessons learned from this ongoing experience in the pediatric hemodialysis unit of Rouen University Hospital. Ninety-minute sessions take place twice a week, with eight children aged from 18months to 19years, during dialysis...
April 11, 2018: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652625/the-opportunity-for-telehealth-to-support-neurological-healthcare
#5
Amanda M Cardinale
Neurological conditions affect one-third of Americans and are some of the most prevalent health issues in the country. Many sufferers have difficulty accessing treatment, however, advances in technology may be able to support availability, affordability, and convenience of care through telehealth services. This review outlines the current state of telemedicine in neurological healthcare, highlighting evidence-based research and use cases for digital services. Details on expenses associated with managing certain well-known conditions are included to shed light on the financial burden of disease and how telehealth can contribute to cost savings for patients and providers...
March 20, 2018: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652624/emergency-telemedicine-achieving-and-maintaining-compliance-with-the-emergency-medical-treatment-and-labor-act
#6
Kimberly Lovett Rockwell, Alexis Gilroy
PURPOSE: Telemedicine is a growing and important platform for medical delivery in the emergency department. Emergency telemedicine outlays often confront and conflict with important federal healthcare regulations. Because of this, academic medical centers, critical access hospitals, and other providers interested in implementing emergency telemedicine have often delayed or forgone such services due to reasonable fears of falling out of compliance with regulatory restrictions imposed by the Emergency Medical Treatment and Labor Act ("EMTALA")...
March 12, 2018: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651337/weaving-the-health-and-pharmaceutical-care-agenda-through-the-themes-of-the-commonwealth-heads-of-government-meeting-chogm-london-2018
#7
EDITORIAL
Victoria Rutter, Amy Hai Yan Chan, Chloe Tuck, Lina Bader, Zaheer-Ud-Din Babar, Ian Bates
The biennial Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting (CHOGM) this year is based around four key themes: prosperity, fairness, sustainability and security. This is an opportune time to consider the role of pharmacists in healthcare delivery, and particularly their contribution to achieving the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). As a member of the Commonwealth Health Professions Alliance (CHPA), the Commonwealth Pharmacists Association (CPA) has been working to ensure that pharmacy-related aspects of health are represented in the advocacy papers submitted by Civil Society...
2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651301/caregiver-experiences-of-public-services-following-child-trauma-exposure-a-qualitative-study
#8
Victoria Williamson, Sarah L Halligan, Bronwyne Coetzee, Ian Butler, Mark Tomlinson, Sarah Skeen, Jackie Stewart
Background: Many children in low and middle income countries (LMIC) are exposed to trauma. Contact with public services are a potential influence on parent-child reactions and coping post-trauma. Little is known about how caregivers perceive these interactions. Methods: The aim of this study was to explore caregivers' experiences of accessing and interacting with public services post-trauma and perceptions of needed improvements to public services in a LMIC context...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651262/the-impact-of-the-parental-support-on-risk-factors-in-the-process-of-gender-affirmation-of-transgender-and-gender-diverse-people
#9
Bruna L Seibel, Bruno de Brito Silva, Anna M V Fontanari, Ramiro F Catelan, Ana M Bercht, Juliana L Stucky, Diogo A DeSousa, Elder Cerqueira-Santos, Henrique C Nardi, Silvia H Koller, Angelo B Costa
Research involving transgender and gender diverse people (TGD) increased in the last years, mostly concerning healthcare associated to this population. Few studies dedicated their analysis to the impact of parental support on transgender people, even though this is an important aspect in creating a safe environment on which these individuals can build their identity. In addition, the link between family support, TGD identity and homelessness is not completely established. Thus, due to the specificities of the family context of TGD individuals, the aim of this study is to investigate the association between family support and TGD in different moments of the process of gender affirmation...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649847/-special-palliative-care-in-patients-with-non-oncological-diseases
#10
Claudia Bausewein
Palliative medicine has become an integral part of the German healthcare system in recent years. However, patients with non-malignant diseases have less access to palliative care than patients with oncological diseases. These patients comprise a heterogeneous group of chronic lung and heart diseases, neurological and geriatric diseases. Their symptom burden and their palliative care needs are similar to those of oncological patients, but earlier in the disease process. Physical aspects of the disease process are different from psychological, social and spiritual aspects...
April 2018: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649672/leading-up-to-saying-yes-a-qualitative-study-on-the-experience-of-patients-with-refractory-epilepsy-regarding-presurgical-investigation-for-resective-surgery
#11
Patti Shih, Armin Nikpour, Andrew Bleasel, Geoffrey Herkes, Rebecca Mitchell, Rebecca Seah, Virginia Mumford, Jeffrey Braithwaite, Sanjyot Vagholkar, Frances Rapport
OBJECTIVES: Adult patients with refractory epilepsy who are potential candidates for resective surgery undergo a period of presurgical investigation in tertiary epilepsy centers (TECs), where they engage extensively with healthcare professionals and receive a range of treatment-related information. This qualitative study aimed to examine the experiences of adult patients with refractory epilepsy leading up to and during presurgical investigation and how their perceptions of resective surgery are shaped...
April 9, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649392/assessing-potentially-preventable-hospitalizations-at-the-county-level-a-comparison-of-measures-using-medicare-data-and-state-hospital-discharge-data
#12
Danielle L Broussard, Karen E Mason, Amanda R Carruth, Thomas W Carton
This study examined the representativeness of the County Health Rankings and Roadmaps (CHR) measure of potentially preventable hospitalizations, which is derived from Medicare inpatient claims data, as an indicator of potentially preventable hospitalizations for adults aged ≥18 years. Potentially preventable hospitalizations were evaluated using rates of ambulatory care sensitive conditions (ACSCs). CHR rates of hospitalization for ACSCs based on Medicare data for 2010, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Prevention Quality Indicator #90 Overall Composite (PQI #90 Composite) rates of ACSCs based on hospital inpatient data for adults aged ≥18 years for 2011, and 2011 total mortality rates for adults aged ≥18 years for 212 counties in 3 US states were evaluated...
March 13, 2018: Population Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649115/public-health-care-financing-and-the-costs-of-cancer-care-a-cross-national-analysis
#13
Ana Iolanda Voda, Ionel Bostan
Expenditure and financing aspects in the healthcare system in general, and in cancer care in particular, are subjects of increasing concern to the medical community. Nowadays, it is imperative for the healthcare system to respond to the challenge of universal access to quality healthcare, by measuring the financial resources within the healthcare sector. The purpose of this review is to highlight the major gaps in the healthcare expenditures for all types of care, as well as on cancer and anti-cancer drugs across 28 European Union member states...
April 12, 2018: Cancers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649078/point-of-diagnosis-and-patient-retention-in-hiv-care-in-western-kenya
#14
Becky L Genberg, Hana Lee, Joseph W Hogan, Fatma Some, Juddy Wachira, Xiaotian K Wu, Paula Braitstein
BACKGROUND: Home-based counseling and testing (HBCT) achieves earlier HIV diagnosis than other testing modalities; however, retention in care for these healthier patients is unknown. The objective of this study was to determine the association between point of HIV testing and retention in care and mortality. SETTING: AMPATH (Academic Model Providing Access to Healthcare) has provided HIV care in western Kenya since 2001. METHODS: AMPATH initiated HBCT in 2007...
April 10, 2018: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644067/a-scheme-based-on-icd-10-diagnoses-and-drug-prescriptions-to-stage-chronic-kidney-disease-severity-in-healthcare-administrative-records
#15
Leif Friberg, Alessandro Gasparini, Juan Jesus Carrero
Background: Information about renal function is important for drug safety studies using administrative health databases. However, serum creatinine values are seldom available in these registries. Our aim was to develop and test a simple scheme for stratification of renal function without access to laboratory test results. Methods: Our scheme uses registry data about diagnoses, contacts, dialysis and drug use. We validated the scheme in the Stockholm CREAtinine Measurements (SCREAM) project using information on approximately 1...
April 2018: Clinical Kidney Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643159/role-of-iodine-containing-multivitamins-during-pregnancy-for-children-s-brain-function-protocol-of-an-ongoing-randomised-controlled-trial-the-swiddich-study
#16
Sofia Manousou, Birgitta Johansson, Anna Chmielewska, Janna Eriksson, Kerstin Gutefeldt, Carl-Johan Tornhage, Robert Eggertsen, Helge Malmgren, Lena Hulthen, Magnus Domellöf, Helena Nystrom Filipsson
INTRODUCTION: Iodine is essential for normal brain development. Moderate and severe fetal iodine deficiency results in substantial to serious developmental delay in children. Mild iodine deficiency in pregnancy is associated with neurodevelopmental deficits in the offspring, but evidence from randomised trials is lacking. The aim of the Swedish Iodine in Pregnancy and Development in Children study is to determine the effect of daily supplementation with 150 µg iodine during pregnancy on the offspring's neuropsychological development up to 14 years of age...
April 10, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643102/research-priority-setting-in-childhood-chronic-disease-a-systematic-review
#17
Harrison Lindsay Odgers, Allison Tong, Pamela Lopez-Vargas, Andrew Davidson, Adam Jaffe, Anne McKenzie, Ross Pinkerton, Melissa Wake, Peter Richmond, Sally Crowe, Patrina Ha Yuen Caldwell, Sophie Hill, Jennifer Couper, Suzy Haddad, Behrouz Kassai, Jonathan C Craig
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate research priority setting approaches in childhood chronic diseases and to describe the priorities of stakeholders including patients, caregivers/families and health professionals. DESIGN: We conducted a systematic review of MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO and CINAHL from inception to 16 October 2016. Studies that elicited stakeholder priorities for paediatric chronic disease research were eligible for inclusion. Data on the prioritisation process were extracted using an appraisal checklist...
April 11, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642656/socio-economic-disparities-and-difficulties-to-access-to-healthcare-services-among-canadian-children-with-neurodevelopmental-disorders-and-disabilities
#18
Sana Raouafi, Sofiane Achiche, Maxime Raison
Objectives: The aim of this study is to identify the association between levels of severity of nurodevelopmental disorders and disabilities (NDD/D) in children, their household socio-economic status (SES), and the frequency of visits to a healthcare provider; and (2) to examine how the severity of disability differs with these determinants among NDD/D subgroups, to make a social policy change and improve access to health care system. Methods: The data from the 2006 Participation and Activity Limitation Survey (PALS) on children (5-14y), collected by Statistics Canada, was analyzed (n= 7,072 and weighted n = 340,340)...
March 29, 2018: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629349/knowledge-and-source-of-information-about-early-detection-techniques-of-breast-cancer-among-women-in-iran-a-systematic-review
#19
Salehoddin Bouya, Abbas Balouchi, Sudabeh Ahmadidarehsima, Mahin Badakhsh
Background: An increase of access to knowledge about early detection techniques of breast cancer can reduce this mortality rate. This study aimed to determine the knowledge and source of information about early detection techniques of breast cancer among Iranian women. Methods: Both International (PubMed, Web of Science, and Google Scholar) and national (scientific information database [SID] and Magiran) databases were reviewed launching to September, 2017 to obtain related articles...
March 2018: Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629190/antibiotics-and-activity-spaces-protocol-of-an-exploratory-study-of-behaviour-marginalisation-and-knowledge-diffusion
#20
Marco J Haenssgen, Nutcha Charoenboon, Giacomo Zanello, Mayfong Mayxay, Felix Reed-Tsochas, Caroline O H Jones, Romyen Kosaikanont, Pollavat Praphattong, Pathompong Manohan, Yoel Lubell, Paul N Newton, Sommay Keomany, Heiman F L Wertheim, Jeffrey Lienert, Thipphaphone Xayavong, Penporn Warapikuptanun, Yuzana Khine Zaw, Patchapoom U-Thong, Patipat Benjaroon, Narinnira Sangkham, Kanokporn Wibunjak, Poowadon Chai-In, Sirirat Chailert, Patthanan Thavethanutthanawin, Krittanon Promsutt, Amphayvone Thepkhamkong, Nicksan Sithongdeng, Maipheth Keovilayvanh, Nid Khamsoukthavong, Phaengnitta Phanthasomchit, Chanthasone Phanthavong, Somsanith Boualaiseng, Souksakhone Vongsavang, Rachel C Greer, Thomas Althaus, Supalert Nedsuwan, Daranee Intralawan, Tri Wangrangsimakul, Direk Limmathurotsakul, Proochista Ariana
Background: Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a global health priority. Leading UK and global strategy papers to fight AMR recognise its social and behavioural dimensions, but current policy responses to improve the popular use of antimicrobials (eg, antibiotics) are limited to education and awareness-raising campaigns. In response to conceptual, methodological and empirical weaknesses of this approach, we study people's antibiotic-related health behaviour through three research questions...
2018: BMJ Global Health
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