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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646244/increased-soluble-vcam-1-and-normal-p-selectin-in-cystic-fibrosis-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Jan K Nowak, Irena Wojsyk-Banaszak, Edyta Mądry, Andrzej Wykrętowicz, Patrycja Krzyżanowska, Sławomira Drzymała-Czyż, Agata Nowicka, Andrzej Pogorzelski, Ewa Sapiejka, Wojciech Skorupa, Mariusz Szczepanik, Aleksandra Lisowska, Jaroslaw Walkowiak
PURPOSE: As life expectancy in cystic fibrosis (CF) increases, questions regarding its potential impact on cardiovascular health arise. Soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (sVCAM-1), P-selectin (sP-selectin) are proposed as biomarkers of cardiovascular disease. We aimed to: compare their concentrations in clinically stable CF patients and healthy subjects (HS) and verify whether they independently correlate with CF characteristics. METHODS: Serum sVCAM-1 and sP-selectin levels were measured using ELISA...
June 23, 2017: Lung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644968/serum-lipoprotein-associated-phospholipase-a2-predicts-the-formation-of-carotid-artery-plaque-and-its-vulnerability-in-anterior-circulation-cerebral-infarction
#2
Yuping Yang, Tao Xue, Juehua Zhu, Jiayi Xu, Xiaowei Hu, Penghao Wang, Tao Kong, Yan Yan, Lihui Yang, Shouru Xue
OBJECTIVE: Circulation inflammation markers such as high-sensitive C-reactive protein (hsCRP) and lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) are considered as predictors of cerebral and cardiac vascular diseases. However, the role of hsCRP and Lp-PLA2 in the anterior circulation cerebral infarction (ACI) is to be elaborated. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We included 100 patients with acute anterior circulation cerebral infarction (AaCI group) and 50 non-infarction subjects (control group)...
June 12, 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641369/markers-of-inflammation-and-incident-breast-cancer-risk-in-the-women-s-health-study
#3
Deirdre K Tobias, Akintunde O Akinkuolie, Paulette D Chandler, Patrick R Lawler, JoAnn E Manson, Julie E Buring, Paul M Ridker, Lu Wang, I-Min Lee, Samia Mora
Chronic inflammation may be a risk factor for breast cancer development and progression, yet which inflammatory biomarkers and pathways are relevant is unknown. The study included 27,071 Women's Health Study participants (mean, 54.5 years old) free of cancer and cardiovascular disease at enrollment (1992 to 1995) with baseline measures of four inflammatory biomarkers: high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP), fibrinogen, N-acetyl side-chains of acute phase proteins (GlycA), and soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1)...
June 21, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630603/elevated-il-37-levels-in-the-plasma-of-patients-with-severe-coronary-artery-calcification
#4
Meng Chai, Hai-Tao Zhang, Yu-Jie Zhou, Qing-Wei Ji, Qing Yang, Yu-Yang Liu, Ying-Xin Zhao, Dong-Mei Shi, Wei Liu, Li-Xia Yang, Lin-Lin Zhang, Jing Liang
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery calcification (CAC) is a predictor of cardiovascular events and plaque burden and is closely associated with chronic inflammation. Interleukin (IL)-37 is a newly discovered member of the IL-1 family and is considered an anti-inflammatory cytokine. Our recent study on mice indicated that IL-37 could attenuate atherosclerosis and vascular calcification, which suggests that IL-37 could be associated with the development of atherosclerosis and related diseases...
May 2017: Journal of Geriatric Cardiology: JGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626770/upregulation-of-tumor-necrosis-factor-%C3%AE-induced-protein-8-like-2-mrna-is-negatively-correlated-with-serum-concentrations-of-tumor-necrosis-factor-%C3%AE-and-interleukin-6-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#5
Yongliang Liu, Xinmei Wang, Yan Zhao, Peiqing Zhao, Lianqing Wang, Qiaoli Zhai, Xiaowei Zhang, Wenxiu Tian, Xinxin Xiang, Tao Li
BACKGROUND: Tumor necrosis factor-α-induced protein 8-like 2 (TIPE2 or TNFAIP8L2) is a negative regulator of natural and adaptive immunity. The role of TIPE2 in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) remains unknown, although TIPE2 plays key roles in preserving inflammatory homeostasis. METHODS: TIPE2 expression was measured by Western blotting and real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) isolated from T2DM patients and healthy controls, and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP), interleukin 6 (IL-6), and other related biometabolic parameters were detected using a nephelometer or by ELISA...
2017: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606604/the-ability-of-the-wide-range-crp-assay-to-classify-individuals-with-low-grade-inflammation-into-cardiovascular-risk-groups
#6
Tomer Ziv-Baran, Shani Shenhar-Tsarfaty, Inbal Etz-Hadar, Ilana Goldiner, Ahuva Gottreich, Yifat Alcalay, David Zeltser, Itzhak Shapira, Yoel Angel, Limor Friedensohn, Michal Ehrenwald, Shlomo Berliner, Ori Rogowski
BACKGROUND: High sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) has become a routine assessment tool to discriminate between patients at low, intermediate or high risk for cardiovascular events using the threshold values of 1 and 3mg/L, respectively. Over the past years, several studies have proposed the wide range C-reactive protein (wrCRP) as an alternative to the hsCRP in various clinical scenarios. However, the potential use of wrCRP in assessing the cardiovascular risk has not yet been evaluated...
June 9, 2017: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598285/effect-of-non-surgical-periodontal-therapy-along-with-myo-inositol-on-high-sensitivity-c-reactive-protein-and-insulin-resistance-in-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-women-having-chronic-periodontitis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Dr Deepti, Dr Shikha Tewari, Dr Satish Chander Narula, Dr Savita Rani Singhal, Dr Rajinder Kumar Sharma
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of non-surgical periodontal therapy along with medical treatment on the level of serological marker of inflammation {high sensitivity-C Reactive Protein (hsCRP)} and Insulin resistance{Homeostatic Model Assessment(HOMA)} in Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) women having periodontitis. METHODS: Women having PCOS with chronic periodontitis (n=60) were randomly divided into two groups. Test Group: treated with scaling and root planing along with Myo-inositol and Control Group: treated with Myo-inositol along with oral hygiene instructions...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595341/obstructive-sleep-apnea-dynamically-increases-nocturnal-plasma-free-fatty-acids-glucose-and-cortisol-during-sleep
#8
Swati Chopra, Aman Rathore, Haris Younas, Luu V Pham, Chenjuan Gu, Aleksandra Beselman, Il-Young Kim, Robert R Wolfe, Jamie Perin, Vsevolod Y Polotsky, Jonathan C Jun
Context: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with diabetes and cardiovascular disease. This association may be related to metabolic changes that transpire during sleep in OSA. Objective: To examine the impact of OSA, elicited by cessation of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), on frequently sampled nocturnal metabolic markers including plasma free fatty acids (FFA), glucose, insulin, triglycerides, cortisol, and lactate; as well as glucose production, oral glucose tolerance, blood pressure, endothelial function, cholesterol, and high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP)...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594865/gender-linked-impact-of-epicardial-adipose-tissue-volume-in-patients-who-underwent-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-surgery-or-non-coronary-valve-surgery
#9
Gulinu Maimaituxun, Michio Shimabukuro, Hotimah Masdan Salim, Minoru Tabata, Daisuke Yuji, Yoshihisa Morimoto, Takeshi Akasaka, Tomomi Matsuura, Shusuke Yagi, Daiju Fukuda, Hirotsugu Yamada, Takeshi Soeki, Takaki Sugimoto, Masashi Tanaka, Shuichiro Takanashi, Masataka Sata
BACKGROUND: Traditional and non-traditional risk factors for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) are different between men and women. Gender-linked impact of epicardial adipose tissue volume (EATV) in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) remains unknown. METHODS: Gender-linked impact of EATV, abdominal fat distribution and other traditional ASCVD risk factors were compared in 172 patients (men: 115; women: 57) who underwent CABG or non-coronary valvular surgery (non-CABG)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584399/immunonutrition-in-patients-with-cyctic-fibrosis-leads-to-drop-of-serum-amyloid-a-and-increase-of-oxidative-stress
#10
Ondrej Hloch, Jiri Charvat, Libor Fila, Havlin Jan
The aim of the present study is to evaluate of the impact of immunonutrition on parameters of oxidative stress and inflammation in patients with cystic fibrosis and malnutrition. In the 30 patients with cystic fibrosis and long-term enteral nutrition support for malnutrition the effect of standard and immunonutrion sipping on oxidative stress and inflammatory activity parameters was compared. Malonyldialdehyde (MDA) as parameter of oxidative stress and serum amyloid A (SAA), interleukin 1 and 6, hsCRP, IgM, IgA, IgG as parameters of inflammatory activity were examined...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575405/long-term-exposure-to-road-traffic-noise-ambient-air-pollution-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-the-hunt-and-lifelines-cohorts
#11
Yutong Cai, Anna L Hansell, Marta Blangiardo, Paul R Burton, Kees de Hoogh, Dany Doiron, Isabel Fortier, John Gulliver, Kristian Hveem, Stéphane Mbatchou, David W Morley, Ronald P Stolk, Wilma L Zijlema, Paul Elliott, Susan Hodgson
Aims: Blood biochemistry may provide information on associations between road traffic noise, air pollution, and cardiovascular disease risk. We evaluated this in two large European cohorts (HUNT3, Lifelines). Methods and results: Road traffic noise exposure was modelled for 2009 using a simplified version of the Common Noise Assessment Methods in Europe (CNOSSOS-EU). Annual ambient air pollution (PM10, NO2) at residence was estimated for 2007 using a Land Use Regression model...
May 31, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549956/serum-high-sensitive-c-reactive-protein-hscrp-level-and-crp-genetic-polymorphisms-are-associated-with-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm
#12
Zuo Shangwei, Wei Yingqi, Xiong Jiang, Wu Zhongyin, Juan Juan, Chen Dafang, Hu Yonghua, Guo Wei
BACKGROUND: Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) development involves an inflammatory process with a potential genetic background. C-reactive protein (CRP) is an acute phase protein and was elevated in patients with AAA. The aim of this study was to investigate the association among serum high-sensitive CRP (hsCRP) concentration, its CRP genetic polymorphisms and AAA. METHODS: Serum hsCRP concentrations and abdominal aorta diameters were measured, correlation analysis between them were performed in 155 unrelated participants with AAA and 310 non-AAA controls...
May 23, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547566/incidence-and-predictors-of-hypoglycemia-1-year-after-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy
#13
Anna Belligoli, Marta Sanna, Roberto Serra, Roberto Fabris, Chiara Dal Pra', Scilla Conci, Paola Fioretto, Luca Prevedello, Mirto Foletto, Roberto Vettor, Luca Busetto
INTRODUCTION: Hypoglycemia is a known adverse event following gastric bypass. The incidence of hypoglycemia after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is still under investigation. The aim of our study was to verify the presence of oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT)-related hypoglycemia after LSG and to identify any baseline predictors of its occurrence. METHODS: We analyzed 197 consecutive non-diabetic morbid obese patients that underwent LSG. All patients were studied before and 12 months after LSG...
May 25, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544533/efficacy-and-safety-of-secukinumab-in-asian-patients-with-active-ankylosing-spondylitis-52-week-pooled-results-from-two-phase-3-studies
#14
James C-C Wei, Dominique Baeten, Joachim Sieper, Atul Deodhar, Vaishali Bhosekar, Ruvie Martin, Brian Porter
AIM: To evaluate efficacy and safety of secukinumab in Asian patients with active ankylosing spondylitis (AS) via a pooled subgroup analysis from two phase 3 studies, MEASURE 1 (NCT01358175) and MEASURE 2 (NCT01649375). METHODS: In MEASURE 1, patients were randomized to intravenous secukinumab 10 mg/kg or placebo at baseline, Weeks 2 and 4, followed by subcutaneous (s.c.) secukinumab 150 mg, 75 mg or placebo every 4 weeks (q4w) at Week 8. In MEASURE 2, patients were randomized to s...
May 25, 2017: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541423/grip-strength-and-inflammatory-biomarker-profiles-in-very-old-adults
#15
Antoneta Granic, Karen Davies, Carmen Martin-Ruiz, Carol Jagger, Thomas B L Kirkwood, Thomas von Zglinicki, Avan Aihie Sayer
Background: weak grip strength (GS) and chronic inflammation have been implicated in the aetiology of sarcopenia in older adults. Given the interrelationships between inflammatory biomarkers, a summary variable may provide better insight into the relationship between inflammation and muscle strength. This approach has not been investigated in very old adults (aged ≥85) who are at highest risk of muscle weakness. Methods: we used mixed models to explore the prospective association between GS over 5 years in 845 participants in the Newcastle 85+ Study, and inflammatory components identified by principal component analysis (PCA)...
May 25, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540883/the-relationship-between-serum-homocysteine-and-highly-sensitive-c-reactive-protein-levels-in-children-on-regular-hemodialysis
#16
Manal Abdel-Salam, Soheir Ibrahim, Shaimaa Abdelmalik Pessar, Eman Al-Morsy
Hyperhomocysteinemia has attracted a lot of attention in renal patients, not only because of its close relationship with renal function but also because it has been implicated as an independent cardiovascular risk factor in these patients. An increased level of C-reactive protein (CRP) has been reported to be a strong predictor of cardiovascular mortality in hemodialysis (HD) patients. The aim of this study was to assess the association between homocysteine (Hcy) and highly sensitive CRP (hsCRP) in cardiovascular risk prediction in children with chronic kidney disease (CKD) on HD...
May 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532406/the-addition-of-vildagliptin-to-metformin-prevents-the-elevation-of-interleukin-1%C3%A3-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-and-coronary-artery-disease-a-prospective-randomized-open-label-study
#17
Arwa Younis, Dana Eskenazi, Ronen Goldkorn, Jonathan Leor, Nili Naftali-Shani, Enrique Z Fisman, Alexander Tenenbaum, Ilan Goldenberg, Robert Klempfner
BACKGROUND: Patients with type 2 diabetes present with an accelerated atherosclerotic process. Animal evidence indicates that dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors (gliptins) have anti-inflammatory and anti-atherosclerotic effects, yet clinical data are scarcely available. DESIGN AND METHODS: A prospective, randomized, open-label study was performed in 60 patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and type 2 diabetes, who participated in a cardiac rehabilitation program...
May 22, 2017: Cardiovascular Diabetology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531772/diet-induced-weight-loss-and-markers-of-endothelial-dysfunction-and-inflammation-in-treated-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#18
K A Berk, T P Oudshoorn, A J M Verhoeven, M T Mulder, A J M Roks, W A Dik, R Timman, E J G Sijbrands
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Overweight and obesity increase cardiovascular mortality in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D). In a recent trial, however, diet-induced weight loss did not reduce the cardiovascular risk of patients with T2D, possibly due to the parallel intensive medical treatment. We investigated the effect of diet-induced weight loss on cardiovascular risk factors in overweight and obese patients with T2D, and whether this effect was influenced by the use of statins, ACE inhibitors, metformin and duration of T2D...
October 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521737/validation-of-the-german-version-of-the-mediterranean-diet-adherence-screener-medas-questionnaire
#19
Katrin Hebestreit, Maryam Yahiaoui-Doktor, Christoph Engel, Walter Vetter, Michael Siniatchkin, Nicole Erickson, Martin Halle, Marion Kiechle, Stephan C Bischoff
BACKGROUND: Health benefits of the Mediterranean Diet (MD) have been shown in different at-risk populations. A German translation of the Mediterranean Diet Adherence Screener (MEDAS) from the PREvención con DIeta MEDiterránea (PREDIMED) consortium was used in the LIBRE study, investigating effects of lifestyle-intervention on women with BRCA1/2 mutations. The purpose of the present study is to validate the MEDAS German version. METHODS: LIBRE is a multicentre (three university hospitals during this pilot phase), unblinded, randomized, controlled clinical trial...
May 18, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503495/the-effects-of-melatonin-in-patients-with-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Hassan Pakravan, Mehdi Ahmadian, Ali Fani, Davood Aghaee, Sareh Brumanad, Bahram Pakzad
BACKGROUND: This study was designed to evaluate the effect of melatonin on nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in compared to placebo. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 100 patients with histopathological diagnosis NAFLD in two groups of case and control received oral melatonin or placebo thrice daily for 3 months. Collected data were weight, waist, systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), high sensitive C-reactive protein (hsCRP), fatty liver grade, and side effects which were measured at baseline and after treatment period using standard clinical chemistry techniques...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
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