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temporomandibular join disorder

J D Orthlieb, J P Ré, M Jeany, A Giraudeau
Temporomandibular joint and dental occlusion are joined for better and worse. TMJ has its own weaknesses, sometimes indicated by bad functional habits and occlusal disorders. Occlusal analysis needs to be addressed simply and clearly. The term "malocclusion" is not reliable to build epidemiological studies, etiologic mechanisms or therapeutic advice on this "diagnosis". Understanding the impact of pathogenic malocclusion is not just about occlusal relationships that are more or less defective, it requires to locate them within the skeletal framework, the articular and behavioural context of the patient, and above all to assess their impact on the functions of the masticatory system...
September 2016: Revue de Stomatologie, de Chirurgie Maxillo-faciale et de Chirurgie Orale
Emery R Eaves
Direct-to-consumer marketing has sparked ongoing debate concerning whether ads empower consumers to be agents of their own care or shift greater control to the pharmaceutical industry. Ads for over-the-counter (OTC) medications in particular portend to offer simple, harmless solutions for meeting the demands of social life. Rather than join the longstanding debate between consumer agency and social control in pharmaceutical advertising, I approach self-medication with over-the-counter (OTC) analgesics using Harm Reduction as a framework...
December 2015: Social Science & Medicine
Abbas Haghighat, Ali Behnia, Naser Kaviani, Behnam Khorami
OBJECTIVE: Ibuprofen - a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID)- and glucosamine sulfate - a natural compound and a food supplement- are two therapeutic agents which have been widely used for treatment of patients with temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders. This study was aimed to compare the effectiveness and safety of these two medications in the treatment of patients suffering from TMJ disorders. METHODS: After obtaining informed consent, 60 patients were randomly allocated to two groups...
January 2013: Journal of Research in Pharmacy Practice
James R Fricton
Dr Fricton received his BS and DDS degree from the University of Iowa (IA, USA), and then undertook his postgraduate studies, completing an MS in Oral Biology at UCLA School of Dentistry (University of California, CA, USA) and an Anesthesiology and Pain Management Residency at UCLA Medical Center. After research and clinical training at UCLA, he joined the faculty at the University of Minnesota (MN, USA), where he is currently a Professor in the Department of Diagnostic and Surgical Sciences and Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation...
March 2011: Pain Management
Pavan Kumar Tannamala, Mahesh Pulagam, Srinivas R Pottem, B Swapna
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare the sagittal condylar angles set in the Hanau articulator by use of a method of obtaining an intraoral protrusive record to those angles found using a panoramic radiographic image. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten patients, free of signs and symptoms of temporomandibular disorder and with intact dentition were selected. The dental stone casts of the subjects were mounted on a Hanau articulator with a springbow and poly(vinyl siloxane) interocclusal records...
April 2012: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
Iwao Sato, Hiroshi Arai, Rieko Asaumi, Kosuke Imura, Taisuke Kawai, Takashi Yosue
The discomallear ligament (DML) runs through a narrow space of bony petrotympanic fissure, which joins the articular disc of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) and the malleus in the tympanic cavity. Previous report suggest that an anatomical feature gives rise to TMJ pain and dysfunction. Recently, the movement of the malleus caused by hypertension on the discomallear ligament is important to the function of the TMJ. The purpose of this study is to define its morphological features using the cone beam CT (CBCT) and anatomical dissection of Japanese cadavers...
June 2008: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
Jennifer Schneider, Nancy Vuckovic, Lynn DeBar
OBJECTIVES: The Oregon Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (OCCAM) conducted focus groups with participants to determine willingness to join a complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) research study, and to aid in the design of three clinical randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of CAM and craniofacial disorders. SETTING/LOCATION: Center for Health Research, Kaiser Permanente, in Portland, Oregon. SUBJECTS: Kaiser Permanente health plan members meeting RCT inclusion criteria...
June 2003: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
M Segù, G Sandrini, S Lanfranchi, V Collesano
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this research is to verify through a blind, controlled study if there is a positive correlation between tension-type headache and the most likely causative factors. In accordance with the headache classification of the international headache society, they are: oro-mandibular dysfunction; psychosocial stress; anxiety; depression; headache as a delusion or an idea; muscular stress; drug overuse for tension-type headaches. METHODS: The subjects who participated in the study were selected from patients diagnosed as having tension-type headache...
June 1999: Minerva Stomatologica
R C Auvenshine
Psychoneuroimmunology (PNI) is a field of medicine which joins immunology and neurobiology. It focuses on the relationship of stress upon the hypothalamic-adrenal-pituitary (HPA) axis. Depletion of hormones and neurotransmitters within the HPA-axis, as a result of stress, can lead to a multitude of diseases and disorders. Therefore, it is necessary for the dentist to be familiar with PNI and the HPA-axis in order to make an accurate diagnosis of TMD.
April 1997: Dental Clinics of North America
M Ogütcen-Toller
The morphogenesis of the discomalleolar ligament and its relationship with the sphenomandibular ligament were studied in human embryos and fetuses, on histological grounds. Total number of 18 embryos and fetuses, ranging from 6.5 to 230 mm (5-25 weeks of fertilization age) were examined. The discomalleolar ligament emerged from the posterior part of the temporomandibular joint capsule and disc, passing through the squamotympanic fissure, joined the malleus. The superior fibres of the ligament inserted on the anterior process of the malleus and on the bony wall of the squamotympanic fissure...
February 1995: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
H H Lindorf
Spiessl's traction screw osteosynthesis with compression of the cut surfaces can lead to dislocation of the condyles and crushing of the mandibular nerve in cases of sagittal ramus osteotomy. Such disadvantages can be minimized by joining the bony segments with tandem screws with threads in both parts of the bone. This technique avoids compression at the cut surfaces and permits contact and distance fixing by screws which are adapted to the course of the split. Since 1981, 132 mandibular osteotomies have been performed; they have proved to be adequately stable...
December 1986: Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
K Kudo, M Shoji, K Yamaguchi, M Yokota, Y Fujioka
Surgical correction and osteoplasty were carried out in one case of prolonged and three cases of recurrent forward dislocation of the temporomandibular joint, two of the patients in the latter cases having mental disorders and one having a cerebral lesion. A hockey-stick-shaped preauricular incision was made, ending in the hair-bearing part of the temple. Then, the temporal fascia and muscle were divided anteriorly from the temporal bone. In two aged patients, a fragment of the zygomatic arch was pushed out and down, joining under the articular tubercle...
December 1989: Journal of Nihon University School of Dentistry
T Muto, K Tomioka, H Michiya, M Kanazawa
A very rare case of epidermoid cyst of the left temporomandibular join (TMJ) after a dermal graft inserted as the interposing material in the surgical correction of TMJ ankylosis is presented. Two years after the surgery, a cystic lesion the size of a walnut was observed in the TMJ region. The cyst contained an odorless, straw-coloured mucoid fluid and a wall lined by stratified squamous epithelium containing orthokeratin. It contained no hair follicles or sweat glands.
August 1992: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
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