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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723970/barriers-and-facilitators-of-hiv-vaccine-and-prevention-study-participation-among-young-black-msm-and-transwomen-in-new-york-city
#1
Sharise Richardson, Pich Seekaew, Beryl Koblin, Tasha Vazquez, Vijay Nandi, Hong-Van Tieu
BACKGROUND: Black men who have sex with men (MSM), and Transwomen (TW) shoulder disproportionate burden of HIV. However, they are unrepresented in HIV vaccine trials. We investigated the perceptions of that factors associated with HIV vaccine trials participation among Black MSM and TW in New York. METHODS: Self-administered online questionnaires were administered to 18-29 years of NYC residents who identified as Black MSM and TW, assessing demographics, awareness and willingness to participate in HIV vaccine trials, barriers and facilitators associated with willingness, and sexual behaviors...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723723/sociodemographic-predictors-of-anal-cancer-screening-and-follow-up-in-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infected-individuals
#2
Jessica S Wells, Marcia M Holstad, Deborah Watkins Bruner
BACKGROUND: Anal cancer in the United States is generally rare; however, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected individuals are 28 times more likely to be given a diagnosis of anal cancer than the general population. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the rates and sociodemographic predictors of anal cancer screening and follow-up anoscopy in a sample of HIV-infected individuals. METHODS: Data for this study (n = 200) were derived from a retrospective chart review of randomly selected HIV-infected individuals...
July 14, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723708/subclinical-herpesvirus-shedding-among-hiv-1-infected-men-on-antiretroviral-therapy
#3
Arcadio Agudelo-Hernandez, Yue Chen, Arlene Bullotta, William G Buchanan, Cynthia R Klamar-Blain, Luann Borowski, Sharon A Riddler, Charles R Rinaldo, Bernard Jc Macatangay
DESIGN: We evaluated the subclinical shedding of 6 different herpesviruses in antiretroviral drug-treated HIV(+) men who have sex with men (MSM), and determined how this is associated with markers of inflammation and immune activation. METHODS: We obtained blood, semen, throat washing, urine, and stool from 15 antiretroviral-treated HIV-1-infected MSM with CD4 T cell reconstitution, and 12 age-matched HIV(-) MSM from the Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study at 4 timepoints over 24 weeks to measure DNA levels of cytomegalovirus (CMV), Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), herpes simplex virus 1 and 2, human herpesvirus 6 (HHV6), and HHV8...
July 18, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722540/association-between-serum-uric-acid-level-and-hypertension-in-a-chinese-elderly-rural-population
#4
Lei Wu, Yao He, Bin Jiang, Miao Liu, Jianhua Wang, Di Zhang, Yiyan Wang, Jing Zeng
Previous studies have examined the association between elevated serum uric acid (SUA) level and hypertension; however, the association in the Chinese elderly is still uncertain. A cross-sectional study was performed in a rural district of Beijing. A total of 2,397 participants (967 men and 1,430 women) completed the survey. The SUA levels of participants were categorized into four levels using the quartiles (P25, P50, and P75) as cutoff values. Participant was diagnosed as hyperuricemia if the SUA level was ≥417 μmol/L (male) or ≥357 μmol/L (female)...
July 19, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722467/the-influence-of-lower-extremity-lean-mass-on-landing-biomechanics-during-prolonged-exercise
#5
Melissa M Montgomery, Amanda J Tritsch, John R Cone, Randy J Schmitz, Robert Henson, Sandra J Shultz
CONTEXT:   The extent to which lower extremity lean mass (LELM) relative to total body mass influences one's ability to maintain safe landing biomechanics during prolonged exercise when injury incidence increases is unknown. OBJECTIVES:   To examine the influence of LELM on (1) pre-exercise lower extremity biomechanics and (2) changes in biomechanics during an intermittent exercise protocol (IEP) and (3) determine whether these relationships differ by sex. We hypothesized that less LELM would predict higher-risk baseline biomechanics and greater changes toward higher-risk biomechanics during the IEP...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722287/plasma-thiobarbituric-acid-reactive-substances-tbars-in-young-adults-obesity-increases-fasting-levels-only-in-men-whereas-glucose-ingestion-and-not-protein-or-lipid-intake-increases-postprandial-concentrations-regardless-of-sex-and-obesity
#6
Rafael Montes-Nieto, María Insenser, Mora Murri, Elena Fernández-Durán, Miriam Ojeda-Ojeda, M Ángeles Martínez-García, Manuel Luque-Ramírez, Héctor F Escobar-Morreale
SCOPE: Oxidative stress and damage participate in the pathophysiology of obesity and its metabolic complications. We studied the influence of sex, obesity and ingestion of different macronutrients on fasting and postprandial thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), which can be considered as an index of lipid peroxidation and oxidative damage. METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied 19 men and 17 women, out of whom 9 men and 8 women had obesity. We collected blood samples in the fasting state and, on alternate days, following the ingestion of 300 kcal in the form of glucose, lipids or proteins...
July 19, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722029/effects-of-procedure-upright-equilibrium-time-sex-and-bmi-on-the-precision-of-body-fluid-measurements-using-bioelectrical-impedance-analysis
#7
S Thurlow, G Taylor-Covill, P Sahota, B Oldroyd, K Hind
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Extensive work has addressed the validity of bioimpedance (BIA) measurements and the effect of posture on fluid homeostasis. However, limited research has investigated effects of subject preparation. This study aimed to determine the precision of total body water (TBW) and extracellular water (ECW) measurements using a stand-on multifrequency BIA (MFBIA seca mBCA 514/515), in three pre-test procedures: supine, sitting, and following walking, with specific reference to the influence of sex and body mass index (BMI)...
July 19, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721438/serum-adiponectin-predicts-fracture-risk-in-individuals-with-type-2-diabetes-the-fukuoka-diabetes-registry
#8
Yuji Komorita, Masanori Iwase, Hiroki Fujii, Toshiaki Ohkuma, Hitoshi Ide, Tamaki Jodai-Kitamura, Akiko Sumi, Masahito Yoshinari, Udai Nakamura, Dongchon Kang, Takanari Kitazono
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Serum adiponectin has been reported to impact upon fracture risk in the general population. Although type 2 diabetes is associated with increased fracture risk, it is unclear whether serum adiponectin predicts fractures in individuals with type 2 diabetes. The aim of the study was to prospectively investigate the relationship between serum adiponectin and fracture risk in individuals with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: In this study, data was obtained from The Fukuoka Diabetes Registry, a multicentre prospective study designed to investigate the influence of modern treatments on the prognoses of patients with diabetes mellitus...
July 18, 2017: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721145/increased-plasma-concentrations-of-interleukin-35-in-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease
#9
Paulina Gorzelak-Pabiś, Maciej Chalubinski, Katarzyna Wojdan, Emilia Luczak, Iwona Duraj, Monika Mozdzan, Marlena Broncel
INTRODUCTION: Atherosclerosis leading to coronary artery disease (CAD) is a chronic inflammatory condition. Interleukin 35 (IL-35) released by regulatory T cells (Tregs) has been found to be associated with CAD in the Chinese population. However, nothing is known about the relation between IL-35 concentrations and cholesterol levels. The aim of the study was to assess the levels of IL-35 in CAD patients and healthy subjects from a Caucasian population, and to analyze the relationship between IL-35 and the levels of total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), sex and postmenopausal status...
June 2017: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721139/vitamin-d-deficiency-and-non-lipid-biomarkers-of-cardiovascular-risk
#10
Kamil F Faridi, Joshua R Lupton, Seth S Martin, Maciej Banach, Renato Quispe, Krishnaji Kulkarni, Steven R Jones, Erin D Michos
INTRODUCTION: Deficient 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) levels have been associated with dyslipidemia and cardiovascular diseases, though the underlying mechanism of these associations is uncertain. We analyzed associations between vitamin D and other non-lipid biomarkers of cardiovascular risk to better elucidate possible relationships between deficient 25(OH)D and cardiovascular disease. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional analysis of 4,591 adults included in a clinical laboratory database from 2009 to 2011 with available measurements for 25(OH)D and the following biomarkers: homocysteine (Hcy), high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), cystatin-C, creatinine, γ-glutamyltransferase (GGT), uric acid, and hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c)...
June 2017: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721027/frequency-of-frailty-and-its-association-with-cognitive-status-and-survival-in-older-chileans
#11
Cecilia Albala, Lydia Lera, Hugo Sanchez, Barbara Angel, Carlos Márquez, Patricia Arroyo, Patricio Fuentes
BACKGROUND: Age-associated brain physiologic decline and reduced mobility are key elements of increased age-associated vulnerability. OBJECTIVE: To study the frequency of frailty phenotype and its association with mental health and survival in older Chileans. METHODS: Follow-up of ALEXANDROS cohorts designed to study disability associated with obesity in community-dwelling people 60 years and older living in Santiago, Chile. At baseline, 2,098 (67% women) of 2,372 participants were identified as having the frailty phenotype: weak handgrip dynamometry, unintentional weight loss, fatigue/exhaustion, five chair-stands/slow walking speed and difficulty walking (low physical activity)...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720458/prevalence-of-cutaneous-beta-and-gamma-human-papillomaviruses-in-the-anal-canal-of-men-who-have-sex-with-women
#12
Vitaly Smelov, Rachel Hanisch, Sandrine McKay-Chopin, Olga Sokolova, Carina Eklund, Boris Komyakov, Tarik Gheit, Massimo Tommasino
BACKGROUND: Data regarding anal cutaneous HPV detection among HIV-positive and HIV-negative persons largely relies on studies among men who have sex with men in limited geographical settings. Understanding the distribution, determinants, and potential human health effects of anal cutaneous HPV types among men who have sex with women (MSW) is important. METHODS: Anal canal swab samples from 415 Russian MSW (384 HIV-negative and 31 HIV-positive) were tested for 43 β-HPVs and 29 γ-HPVs, using a multiplex PCR combined with Luminex technology...
June 2017: Papillomavirus Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720449/human-papillomavirus-in-anal-biopsy-tissues-and-liquid-based-cytology-samples-of-hiv-positive-and-hiv-negative-thai-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#13
Tippawan Pankam, Stephen J Kerr, Nipat Teeratakulpisan, Piyanee Rodbamrung, Rapeeporn Wongkanya, Somboon Keelawat, Komkrit Ruangritchankul, Piranun Hongchookiat, Ramida Watanapokasin, Nittaya Phanuphak
BACKGROUND: Men who have sex with men (MSM) are at high risk of developing human papillomavirus (HPV)-related anal cancer. We compared HPV genotypes in anal tissues (Bx) and anal liquid-based cytology fluid (LBC) from HIV-positive and HIV-negative MSM. METHODS: Bx (32 normal, 41 low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (LSIL) and 22 high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (HSIL)), along with LBC from the same visit, were selected from 61 HIV-positive and 34 HIV-negative MSM who enrolled into a prospective cohort in Bangkok, Thailand...
June 2017: Papillomavirus Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720147/safety-and-immunogenicity-of-the-quadrivalent-human-papillomavirus-qhpv-vaccine-in-hiv-positive-spanish-men-who-have-sex-with-men-msm
#14
Carmen Hidalgo-Tenorio, Jessica Ramírez-Taboada, Concepción Gil-Anguita, Javier Esquivias, Mohamed Omar-Mohamed-Balgahata, Antonio SamPedro, Miguel Lopez-Ruz, Juan Pasquau
BACKGROUND: Safety and immunogenicity of the quadrivalent human papillomavirus (qHPV) vaccine were evaluated in HIV-positive Spanish MSM. The prevalence of High Squamous Intraepithelial Lesions (HSIL) and genotypes of high-risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) were also determined, as well as risk factors associated with the presence of HR-HPV in anal mucosa. METHODS: This is a randomised, double blind, placebo-controlled trial of the quadrivalent HPV (qHPV) vaccine...
July 18, 2017: AIDS Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720021/ricky-and-lucy-gender-stereotyping-among-young-black-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-the-us-deep-south-and-the-implications-for-hiv-risk-in-a-severely-affected-population
#15
Bronwen Lichtenstein, Emma Sophia Kay, Ian Klinger, Matt G Mutchler
HIV disproportionately affects young Black men who have sex with men in the USA, with especially high rates in the Deep South. In this Alabama study, we interviewed 24 pairs of young Black men who have sex with men aged 19-24 and their close friends (n = 48) about sexual scripts, dating men and condom use. Three main themes emerged from the study: the power dynamics of 'top' and 'bottom' sexual positions for condom use; gender stereotyping in the iconic style of the 'I Love Lucy' show of the 1950s; and the sexual dominance of 'trade' men...
July 19, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719295/regional-differences-in-the-prevalence-of-major-opportunistic-infections-among-antiretroviral-na%C3%A3-ve-human-immunodeficiency-virus-patients-in-japan-northern-thailand-northern-vietnam-and-the-philippines
#16
Louie Mar A Gangcuangco, Ikumi Sawada, Naho Tsuchiya, Cuong D Do, Thanh Thuy T Pham, Archawin Rojanawiwat, Marissa Alejandria, Katerina Leyritana, Yoshiyuki Yokomaku, Panita Pathipvanich, Koya Ariyoshi
To identify regional differences in the distribution of opportunistic infections (OIs) among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients in Asia, the medical records of antiretroviral therapy (ART)-naïve patients who attended the following tertiary hospitals from 2003 to 2011 were reviewed: Nagoya Medical Center (NMC, Nagoya, Japan), Lampang Hospital (LPH, Lampang, northern Thailand), Bach Mai Hospital (BMH, Hanoi, northern Vietnam), and Philippine General Hospital (PGH, Manila, Philippines). Logistic regression analyses were performed to identify associations between country of origin and risk of major OIs...
July 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718707/child-sexual-abuse-and-adult-mental-health-sexual-risk-behaviors-and-drinking-patterns-among-latino-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#17
Ethan Czuy Levine, Omar Martinez, Brian Mattera, Elwin Wu, Sonya Arreola, Scott Edward Rutledge, Bernie Newman, Larry Icard, Miguel Muñoz-Laboy, Carolina Hausmann-Stabile, Seth Welles, Scott D Rhodes, Brian M Dodge, Sarah Alfonso, M Isabel Fernandez, Alex Carballo-Diéguez
One in five Latino men who have sex with men has experienced child sexual abuse. Although concerning in itself, child sexual abuse may increase an individuals' likelihood of depression and risk-taking in adult life, including engagement in HIV risk behaviors and alcohol and substance use. It is therefore urgent that researchers and practitioners better understand the long-term effects of child sexual abuse. We utilized logistic and linear regression to assess associations between child sexual abuse (operationalized as forced or coerced sexual activity before age 17) and depression, sexual behaviors, and drinking patterns in a sample of 176 adult Latino men who have sex with men from New York City...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718683/the-measurement-of-cough-response-to-bronchoconstriction-induced-by-methacholine-inhalation-in-healthy-subjects-an-examination-using-the-astograph-method
#18
Johsuke Hara, Masaki Fujimura, Noriyuki Ohkura, Tamami Sakai, Kenta Yamamura, Miki Abo, Hayato Koba, Satoshi Watanabe, Taro Yoneda, Shingo Nishikawa, Takashi Sone, Hideharu Kimura, Yoshihisa Ishiura, Kazuo Kasahara
BACKGROUND: We demonstrated that heightened cough response to bronchoconstriction is a fundamental feature of cough variant asthma (CVA). To evaluate this physiological feature of CVA in daily clinical practice, it is necessary to clarify the cough response to bronchoconstriction in healthy subjects. We evaluated cough response to methacholine (MCh)-induced bronchoconstriction in healthy subjects. A forced oscillometry technique was used to measure airway resistance changes with Mch. METHODS: Healthy never-smokers (21 men, 20 women; mean 22...
July 18, 2017: Experimental Lung Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718663/time-trends-and-socioeconomic-differences-in-blood-pressure-levels-the-northern-sweden-monica-study-1994-2014
#19
Marie Eriksson, Bo Carlberg, Johanna Pennlert, Stefan Söderberg, Mats Eliasson
Background People with low socioeconomic status have higher blood pressure (BP), increasing their risk of myocardial infarction and stroke. We hypothesized that the gap in systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DBP) BP, according to educational level, has decreased over time but, that economical vulnerability would confer higher BP. Methods A total of 4564 women and 4363 men aged 25-74 years participated in five population-based surveys in the Northern Sweden MONICA study between 1994 and 2014 (participation rate 76...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718498/assessing-hiv-acquisition-risks-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-the-united-states-of-america
#20
Ram K Shrestha, Stephanie L Sansom, David W Purcell
Men who have sex with men (MSM) can reduce their risk of acquiring human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) by using various prevention strategies and by understanding the effectiveness of each option over the short- and long-term. Strategies examined were: circumcision; insertive anal sex only; consistent, 100% self-reported condom use; and pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP). PrEP efficacy was based on three levels of adherence. The cumulative HIV acquisition risk among MSM over periods of 1 year and 10 years were estimated with and without single and combinations of prevention strategies...
December 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
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