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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550808/the-association-between-height-and-hypertension-in-indonesia
#1
Kitae Sohn
There is growing interest in the influence of early-life conditions on the development of disease. Among diseases in adulthood, hypertension is particularly important for the developing world because considerably more people there are and will be afflicted with the disease than in the developed world and hypertensives there are often unaware of their disease status. We employed height as a proxy for the influence of early-life conditions and estimated the relation between height and hypertension status in Indonesia...
May 8, 2017: Economics and Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550380/barriers-motivators-and-facilitators-to-engagement-in-hiv-care-among-hiv-infected-ghanaian-men-who-have-sex-with-men-msm
#2
Adedotun Ogunbajo, Trace Kershaw, Sameer Kushwaha, Francis Boakye, Nii-Dromo Wallace-Atiapah, LaRon E Nelson
In Ghana, men who have sex with men (MSM) bear a high burden of HIV. Identifying factors that influence engagement in HIV care among HIV-infected Ghanaian MSM is critical to devising novel interventions and strengthening existing programs aimed at improving outcomes across the HIV care continuum. Consequently, we conducted an exploratory qualitative research study with 30 HIV-infected Ghanaian MSM between May 2015 and July 2015. Common barriers were fear of being seen in HIV-related health facility, financial difficulties, and health system challenges...
May 26, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550144/exacerbation-of-oxygen-glucose-deprivation-induced-blood-brain-barrier-disruption-potential-pathogenic-role-of-interleukin-9-in-ischemic-stroke
#3
Sha Tan, Yilong Shan, Yuge Wang, Yinyao Lin, Siyuan Liao, Zhezhi Deng, Li Zhou, Wei Cai, Qin Zeng, Lei Zhang, Bingjun Zhang, Xuejiao Men, Haiyan Li, Xueqiang Hu, Changyou Wu, Lisheng Peng, Zhengqi Lu
Interleukin (IL) -9 exerts a variety of functions in autoimmune diseases. However, its role in ischemic brain injury remains unknown. The present study explored the biological effects of IL-9 in ischemic stroke. We recruited 42 patients newly diagnosed with ischemic stroke and 22 age- and sex-matched healthy controls. The expression levels of IL-9 and percentages of IL-9-producing T cells, including CD3+CD4+IL-9+ and CD3+CD8+IL-9+ cells, were determined in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) obtained from patients and control individuals...
May 26, 2017: Clinical Science (1979-)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549539/sex-differences-in-physiological-response-to-the-combination-of-stress-and-smoking
#4
Michael Kotlyar, Paul Thuras, Dorothy K Hatsukami, Mustafa al'Absi
Stressful situations are among the most commonly cited smoking triggers. Smoking and stress exposure each individually increase cardiovascular and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal measures with larger increases occurring when stress and smoking are combined. In this analysis, sex differences in the physiological response to the combination of stress and smoking are examined. Smokers (36 males; 34 females) completed a laboratory session in which systolic (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP), heart rate (HR), plasma epinephrine (Epi), norepinephrine and cortisol concentrations were measured at rest, while smoking a cigarette, during a speech task occurring immediately after smoking and at several time-points following the stressor...
May 23, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549308/climate-and-the-eye-case-crossover-analysis-of-retinal-detachment-after-exposure-to-ambient-heat
#5
Nathalie Auger, Marc-André Rhéaume, Marianne Bilodeau-Bertrand, Tina Tang, Tom Kosatsky
BACKGROUND: Retinal detachment is an important cause of visual loss, but the association with outdoor heat exposure has not been studied. Our objective was to determine the relationship between acute exposure to high outdoor temperature and risk of retinal detachment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analysed 14,302 individuals with inpatient procedures for retinal detachment from April through September between 2006 and 2013 in the province of Quebec, Canada. Using a time-stratified case-crossover study design, we examined the association of retinal detachment with outdoor summer temperature the preceding week...
May 23, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549302/partner-level-substance-use-associated-with-increased-sexual-risk-behaviors-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-san-francisco-ca
#6
Robert E Brown, Caitlin Turner, Jaclyn Hern, Glenn-Milo Santos
BACKGROUND: Substance use is highly prevalent among men who have sex with men (MSM) and is associated with individual-level sexual risk behaviors. However, few studies have explored the relationship between substance use and HIV risk behaviors within partnerships. METHODS: We examined partner-level data between MSM participants (n=23) and their sexual partners (n=52). We used multivariable generalized estimating equations (GEE) logistic regression to assess the relationship between partner-level substance use during their last sexual encounter with each partner, and engaging in condomless anal intercourse (CAI) and serodiscordant CAI...
April 21, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549250/the-clinical-communication-and-information-challenges-associated-with-the-psychosexual-aspects-of-prostate-cancer-treatment
#7
Susan A Speer, Samantha R Tucker, Rebecca McPhillips, Sarah Peters
RATIONALE: Prostate cancer and its treatment have significant sexual side effects that necessitate timely patient information and open communication with healthcare professionals. However, very little is known about men's experiences of talking to clinicians about the psychosexual difficulties associated with the disease. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to advance understanding of men's perceptions of the communication and information challenges associated with the psychosexual aspects of prostate cancer and its treatment...
May 18, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548975/factor-vii-activating-protease-sex-related-association-with-coronary-artery-calcification
#8
Ramshanker Ramanathan, Jørgen B Gram, Niels Peter R Sand, Bjarne L Nørgaard, Axel C P Diederichsen, Frank Vitzthum, Herbert Schwarz, Johannes J Sidelmann
: Factor VII-activating protease (FSAP) may regulate development of cardiovascular disease (CVD). We evaluated sex differences in FSAP measures and examined the association between FSAP and coronary artery calcification (CAC) in a middle-aged population. Participants were randomly selected citizens aged 50 or 60 without CVD, diabetes mellitus, Marburg I polymorphism, or hormone replacement therapy (HRT). FSAP protein concentration (total FSAP), FSAP urokinase-activating capacity (FSAP GP), and FSAP GP/total FSAP (specific FSAP activity) were measured...
May 25, 2017: Blood Coagulation & Fibrinolysis: An International Journal in Haemostasis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548611/relationships-between-knee-extension-moments-during-weighted-and-unweighted-gait-and-strength-measures-that-predict-knee-moments-after-acl-reconstruction
#9
Erin Hartigan, Jennifer Aucoin, Rita Carlson, Melanie Klieber-Kusak, Thomas Murray, Bernadette Shaw, Michael Lawrence
BACKGROUND: Weighted gait increases internal knee extension moment impulses (KEMI) in the anterior cruciate ligament-reconstructed (ACLR) limb; however, limb differences persist. HYPOTHESES: (1) KEMI during normal gait will influence KEMI during weighted gait and (2) peak knee extension (PKE) torque and time to reach PKE torque will predict KEMI during gait tasks. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive laboratory study. METHODS: Twenty-four women and 14 men completed 3 gait tasks (unweighted, vest, sled) and strength testing after discharge from rehabilitation and clearance to return to sports...
May 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548453/mortality-in-type-1-diabetes-diagnosed-in-childhood-in-northern-ireland-during-1989-2012-a-population-based-cohort-study
#10
Eileen Morgan, Catherine R Black, Noina Abid, Christopher R Cardwell, David R McCance, Christopher C Patterson
OBJECTIVE: To investigate long-term mortality rates and causes of death in individuals diagnosed with type 1 diabetes before the age of 15 years during the period 1989-2012 or known to paediatric diabetes teams in 1989, in Northern Ireland. METHODS: A cohort of 3129 patients from the Northern Ireland Childhood Diabetes Register was linked to death registrations and underlying causes, coded according to ICD-9 or ICD-10. Standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) were calculated as the ratio of observed to expected deaths by sex, attained age, time since diagnosis, calendar period, and cause of death...
May 26, 2017: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548241/-making-better-use-of-u-s-women-psychology-sex-roles-and-womanpower-in-post-wwii-america
#11
Alexandra Rutherford
The relationship between American psychology and gender ideologies in the two decades following World War II was complicated and multivalent. Although many psy-professionals publicly contributed to the cult of domesticity that valorized women's roles as wives and mothers, other psychologists, many of them women, reimagined traditional sex roles to accommodate and deproblematize the increasing numbers of women at work, especially working mothers. In this article, I excavate and highlight the contributions of several of these psychologists, embedding their efforts in the context of the paradoxical expectations for women that colored the postwar and increasingly Cold War landscape of the United States...
May 26, 2017: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547588/neurocognition-in-individuals-with-incidentally-identified-meningioma
#12
Alissa M Butts, Stephen Weigand, Paul D Brown, Ronald C Petersen, Clifford R Jack, Mary M Machulda, Jane H Cerhan
Meningiomas are primary intracranial tumors that are often asymptomatic. To our knowledge, no study has attempted to describe neurocognitive function in patients with incidentally-discovered meningioma. We utilized the Mayo Clinic Study of Aging (MCSA), which is a population-based sample of Olmsted County, Minnesota residents that includes neuropsychological testing and brain MRI approximately every 15 months. Using a text search of radiologists' notes of 2402 MCSA individuals (mean age 77 years, scanned between 2004 and 2014) we identified 48 eligible subjects (2%) who had at least one meningioma...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547001/new-mathematical-model-for-the-surface-area-of-the-left-ventricle-by-the-truncated-prolate-spheroid
#13
José Sérgio Domingues, Marcos de Paula Vale, Carlos Barreira Martinez
The main aim of this study was the formula application of the superficial area of a truncated prolate spheroid (TPS) in Cartesian coordinates in obtaining a cardiac parameter that is not so much discussed in literature, related to the left ventricle (LV) surface area of the human heart, by age and sex. First we obtain a formula for the area of a TPS. Then a simple mathematical model of association of the axes measures of a TPS with the axes of the LV is built. Finally real values of the average dimensions of the humans LV are used to measure surface areas approximations of this heart chamber...
2017: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546090/safety-and-tolerability-of-long-acting-cabotegravir-injections-in-hiv-uninfected-men-eclair-a-multicentre-double-blind-randomised-placebo-controlled-phase-2a-trial
#14
Martin Markowitz, Ian Frank, Robert M Grant, Kenneth H Mayer, Richard Elion, Deborah Goldstein, Chester Fisher, Magdalena E Sobieszczyk, Joel E Gallant, Hong Van Tieu, Winkler Weinberg, David A Margolis, Krischan J Hudson, Britt S Stancil, Susan L Ford, Parul Patel, Elizabeth Gould, Alex R Rinehart, Kimberly Y Smith, William R Spreen
BACKGROUND: Cabotegravir (GSK1265744) is an HIV-1 integrase strand transfer inhibitor with potent antiviral activity and a long half-life when administered by injection that prevented simian-HIV infection upon repeat intrarectal challenge in male macaques. We aimed to assess the safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetics of long-acting cabotegravir injections in healthy men not at high risk of HIV-1 infection. METHODS: We did this multicentre, double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled, phase 2a trial at ten sites in the USA...
May 22, 2017: Lancet HIV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546084/-sex-differences-in-a-real-academic-stressor-cognitive-appraisal-and-the-cortisol-response
#15
Susanne Helbig, Jutta Backhaus
Women and men differ in their physiological and psychological stress response but only a few studies have analyzed this sex difference in a naturalistic setting and focused on cognitive stress appraisal. In the present study, the salivary cortisol concentration of 24 female and 22 male subjects was measured before and several times after an oral academic presentation given by themselves (stress condition) or given by a fellow student (control condition). Feelings of subjective stress and nervousness were assessed simultaneously to the saliva samples and a questionnaire for cognitive stress appraisal was conducted right before the oral presentation...
May 22, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545851/sex-specific-risk-of-emergency-department-revisits-and-early-readmission-following-myocardial-infarction
#16
Magnus Lundbäck, Danijela Gasevic, Eric Rullman, Toralph Ruge, Axel C Carlsson, Martin J Holzmann
BACKGROUND: Readmissions within 30days after hospitalization have been introduced as a measure of quality of care. There is a paucity of data regarding sex-specific risk of early readmissions after myocardial infarction (MI). OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association between sex and revisits to the emergency department (ED), and readmissions after MI. METHODS: All patients with chest pain, diagnosed with MI at the Karolinska University Hospital during 2011 and 2012 were included...
May 19, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545843/diabetes-and-lifetime-risk-of-coronary-heart-disease
#17
Tanvir Chowdhury Turin, Tomonori Okamura, Nahid Rumana, Arfan Raheen Afzal, Makoto Watanabe, Aya Higashiyama, Yoko M Nakao, Michikazu Nakai, Misa Takegami, Kunihiro Nishimura, Yoshihiro Kokubo, Akira Okayama, Yoshihiro Miyamoto
INTRODUCTION: Epidemiological estimate lifetime risk (LTR) is a measure that expresses the probability of disease in the remaining lifetime for individuals of a specific index age. These estimates can be useful for general audience targeted knowledge translation activities against diabetes. There are only a few reports on lifetime of impact of diabetes on coronary heart disease (CHD) events. METHODS: The Suita Study, a cohort study of cardiovascular diseases (CVD), was established in 1989...
May 22, 2017: Primary Care Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545582/gender-differences-in-hypertension-awareness-antihypertensive-use-and-blood-pressure-control-in-bangladeshi-adults-findings-from-a-national-cross-sectional-survey
#18
Muntasirur Rahman, Gail Williams, Abdullah Al Mamun
BACKGROUND: Bangladesh is facing an epidemiological transition with a growing burden of non-communicable diseases. Traditionally, hypertension and associated complications in women receive less recognition, and there is a dearth of related publications. The study aims to explore gender differences in high blood pressure awareness and antihypertensive use in Bangladeshi adults at the community level. Another objective is to identify factors associated with uncontrolled hypertension among antihypertensive users...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545507/psychotropic-drug-use-and-mortality-in-old-people-with-dementia-investigating-sex-differences
#19
Jon Brännström, Gustaf Boström, Erik Rosendahl, Peter Nordström, Håkan Littbrand, Hugo Lövheim, Yngve Gustafson
BACKGROUND: Psychotropic drugs are common among old people with dementia, and have been associated with increased mortality. Previous studies have not investigated sex differences in this risk. This study was conducted to analyse associations between the use of antipsychotics, antidepressants, and benzodiazepines and 2-year mortality in old people with dementia, and to investigate sex differences therein. METHODS: In total, 1037 participants (74% women; mean age, 89 years) with dementia were included from four cohort studies and followed for 2 years...
May 25, 2017: BMC Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545364/bright-light-delights-effects-of-daily-light-exposure-on-emotions-rest-activity-cycles-sleep-and-melatonin-secretion-in-severely-demented-patients
#20
Mirjam Münch, Michael Schmieder, Katharina Bieler, Rolf Goldbach, Timo Fuhrmann, Naomi Zumstein, Petra Vonmoos, Jean-Louis Scartezzini, Anna Wirz-Justice, Christian Cajochen
We tested whether the effects of a dynamic lighting system are superior to conventional lighting on emotions, agitation behaviour, quality of life, melatonin secretion and circadian rest-activity cycles in severely demented patients. As a comparison, an age matched control patient group was exposed to conventional lighting. For none of the output measures, significant differences between the two lighting conditions were found during the 8 study weeks in fall/winter. Thus, we divided the patient cohort (n = 89) into two groups, solely based on the median of their daily individual light exposure...
May 22, 2017: Current Alzheimer Research
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