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Abdulla Shehab, Khalid F AlHabib, Akshaya Srikanth Bhagavathul, Ahmad Hersi, Hussam Alfaleh, Mostafa Q Alshamiri, Anhar Ullah, Khadim Sulaiman, Wael Almahmeed, Jassim Al Suwaidi, Alwai A Alsheikh-Ali, Haitham Amin, Mohammed Al Jarallah, Amar M Salam
BACKGROUND: Most of the available literature on ST-Elevated myocardial infarction (STEMI) in women was conducted in the developed world and data from Middle-East countries was limited. AIM: To examine the clinical presentation, patient management, quality of care, risk factors and in-hospital outcomes of women with acute STEMI compared with men using data from a large STEMI registry from the Middle East. METHODS: Data were derived from the third Gulf Registry of Acute Coronary Events (Gulf RACE-3Ps), a prospective, multinational study of adults with acute STEMI from 36 hospitals in 6 Middle-Eastern countries...
March 14, 2018: Current Vascular Pharmacology
Mamoudou Sawadogo, Hamado Kafando, Salam Ouedraogo, Alexandre Stanislas Korsaga, Souleymane Ouedraogo, Sayouba Tinto, Anatole Jean Innocent Ouedraogo, Mohamed Tall, Songahir Christophe DA
Introduction: Head and neck resection of the femur was described by Girdlestone in 1928 in the treatment of coxalgia. Very invasive at the beginning, this intervention is much less so today, but the term of "Girdlestone's operation" or "Girdlestone's procedure" has remained in use. The reported results are controversial. In resource-limited countries, Girdlestone's procedure is often indicated for lack of a better one. In this context, we report the results of a series of 24 patients operated in a regional hospital (Ouahigouya, Burkina Faso) with the aim of showing that this technique remains valid and can be benefit...
2018: Open Orthopaedics Journal
Rshood Khraif, Asharaf Abdul Salam, Abdullah Al-Mutairi, Ibrahim Elsegaey
Fertility levels and their determinants in Saudi Arabia have not been studied sufficiently for formulating family policy, although some attention has been paid to rapid fertility transitions in the context of socioeconomic and cultural change. This study focused on the fertility of a particular occupational category in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia to assess determinants of fertility, measured as the number of children. The sample was drawn from the King Saud University staff - ever-married Saudi Arabian women...
March 15, 2018: Human Fertility: Journal of the British Fertility Society
Min-Jiao Liu, Chun-Zhi Jin, Mipeshwaree Devi Asem, Yoon-Jung Ju, Dong-Jin Park, Nimaichand Salam, Min Xiao, Wen-Jun Li, Chang-Jin Kim
A Gram-stain negative, strictly aerobic and non-motile bacterium, designated strain BN130233T , was isolated from a soil sample collected from Gyeongsangbuk-do, Republic of Korea. Colonies were orange in colour, with wet and smooth surfaces. Phylogenetic analyses based on the 16S rRNA gene sequences resulted in strain BN130233T forming a cluster with members of the family ChitinophagaceaeKämpfer et al. 2011, while sharing the highest sequence identity of 91.2 % with Chitinophaga niastensis JS16-4T . Good growth was observed at 20-28 °C, pH 7...
March 14, 2018: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Turash Haque Pial, Tawfiqur Rakib, Satyajit Mojumder, Mohammad Motalab, M A Salam Akanda
The mechanical properties of indium phosphide (InP) nanowires are an emerging issue due to the promising applications of these nanowires in nanoelectromechanical and microelectromechanical devices. In this study, molecular dynamics simulations of zincblende (ZB) and wurtzite (WZ) crystal structured InP nanowires (NWs) are presented under uniaxial tension at varying sizes and temperatures. It is observed that the tensile strengths of both types of NWs show inverse relationships with temperature, but are independent of the size of the nanowires...
March 14, 2018: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Sanjay Kalra, Sameer Agarwal, Rashmi Aggarwal, Salam Ranabir
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Saqib Bashir, Muhammad Shahid Rizwan, Abdus Salam, Qingling Fu, Jun Zhu, Muhammad Shaaban, Hongqing Hu
Heavy metal contamination in agricultural soils has become a serious environmental concern due to their generally high mobility and toxic effects on plants and food security. An incubation study was conducted to assess the effectiveness of biochar (BC), zeolite (ZE) and rock phosphate (RP) stabilizers on the immobilization of cadmium (Cd) in contaminated soils. Various extraction techniques were carried out: a sequential extraction procedure, the European Community Bureau of Reference (BCR), the toxicity characteristics leaching procedure (TCLP) and extraction with ammonium nitrate...
March 7, 2018: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Salam Pradeep Singh, Khumukcham Nongalleima, Ningthoujam Indrajit Singh, Pradip Doley, Chingakham Brajakisor Singh, Thiyam Ramsing Singh, Dinabandhu Sahoo
Zerumbone is a known anti-cancer herbal compound. However, the actual protein target is not fully understood or known. This investigation focus on the association of zerumbone in HCT116 colon cancer cell proliferation and its link with TNF-alpha. The study shows that with the increasing concentration of zerumbone, there was a reduction of HCT116 cells proliferation based on the cell line study and hence higher TNF-alpha inhibition based on the TNF-alpha assay. The study also emphasizes on the computational aspect by investigating the molecular docking analysis of zerumbone against TNF-alpha...
March 6, 2018: Scientific Reports
Saadat Kamran, Abdul Salam, Naveed Akhtar, Ayman Alboudi, Kainat Kamran, Rajvir Singh, Numan Amir, Jihad Inshasi, Uwais Qidwai, Rayaz A Malik, Ashfaq Shuaib
In patients with malignant middle cerebral artery (MMCA) stroke, a vital clinically relevant question is determination of the speed with which infarction evolves to select the time for decompressive hemicraniectomy [DHC]. A retrospective, multicenter cross-sectional study of patients referred for DHC, based on the criteria of randomized controlled trials, was undertaken to identify factors for selecting the timing of DHC in MMCA stroke, stratified by time [< 48, 48-72, > 72 h]. Infarction volume and infarct growth rate [IGR] were measured on all CT scans...
March 6, 2018: Translational Stroke Research
Elyssa G Fawaz, Darine A Salam, Lina Kamareddine
Studies of metal toxicity to microalgae have predominantly been conducted using single non-target algae species and without due regard for the chemistry of the treated waters, leading to ineffective or excessive algaecide treatments. In this study, indigenous multi-algal species (Scenedesmus quadricauda, and Scenedesmus subspicatus and Oscillatoria agardhii) were used in laboratory toxicity bioassays under simulated field water chemistry (pH = 7.2, hardness = 196 mg L-1 as CaCO3 , and alkalinity = 222 mg L-1 as CaCO3 ) to determine the optimum copper sulfate treatment dose to control algae growth in an irrigation canal...
March 2, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Anwarul Haque, Zehra Dhanani, Amin Ali, Basit Salam, Qalab Abbas, Gohar Javed, Humaira Jurair
BACKGROUND: The Rotterdam Score (RS) on CT head is a new evolving clinical tool as a predictor of mortality in Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI). The objective of this study is to assess the outcome of children with TBI admitted in paediatric intensive care unit (PICU) of a tertiary-care, university hospital by using RS. METHODS: This was a prospective observational study conducted on children (age: 1mo -16yr) with TBI admitted in PICU of Aga Khan University Hospital from 2013 to 2016...
January 2018: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
Tahseen Raza Hashmi, Salam Rita Devi, Naresh M Meshram, Ram Prasad
Endosymbionts are vital factor for arthropod ecology. The whitefly Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) is a cryptic species complex composed of more than 34 putative species. Moreover to the primary endosymbiont Portiera aleyrodidarum , six secondary endosymbionts Cardinium , Arsenophonus , Rickettsia , Wolbachia, Hamiltonella and Fritschea are known in B . tabaci . Here, we tested four of the six secondary endosymbiont lineages (excluding Fritschea and Hamiltonella ) from 180 whitely individuals collected from six host plants belonging to families Solanaceae (Brinjal, Tomato and Potato) and Fabaceae (Soyabean, Mungbean and Subabool)...
2018: Communicative & Integrative Biology
Abderrahim Nemmar, Suhail Al-Salam, Sumaya Beegam, Priya Yuvaraju, Naserddine Hamadi, Badreldin H Ali
Numerous studies have shown that acute particulate air pollution exposure is linked with pulmonary adverse effects, including alterations of pulmonary function, inflammation, and oxidative stress. Nootkatone, a constituent of grapefruit, has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects. However, the effect of nootkatone on lung toxicity has not been reported so far. In this study we evaluated the possible protective effects of nootkatone on diesel exhaust particles (DEP)-induced lung toxicity, and the possible mechanisms underlying these effects...
February 26, 2018: Nutrients
Talal H Salame, Antony Blinkhorn, Zahra Karami
Background: Quantitative Sensory Testing (QST) has been used in clinical and experimental settings to establish sensory assessment for different types of pains, and may be a useful tool for the assessment of orofacial pain, but this premise needs to be tested. Objective: The aim of the study was to evaluate responses to thermal stimuli between painful and non-painful facial sites in subjects with orofacial pain using QST. Methods: A total of 60 participants (5o females: 28-83 years; 10 males: 44-81 years) with unilateral orofacial pain were recruited from the Orofacial Pain Clinic at the Pain Management and Research Centre, Royal North Shore Hospital, Sydney, Australia...
2018: Open Dentistry Journal
B T Cenci-Goga, M Karama, P Sechi, M F Iulietto, L Grispoldi, R Selvaggini, M Ceccarelli, S Barbera
This study evaluated the effect of a novel formulation for starter culture associated with specific ripening conditions (NoNit™ technology) vs. a commercial» starter on the fate of selected pathogens and hygiene indicators during the fermentation and ripening of experimentally spiked salame nostrano (Italian dry sausage). Selected strains of Staphylococcus aureus 27R, Escherichia coli CSH26 K 12, Listeria innocua ATCC 33090 and Salmonella Derby 27 were inoculated into salami batter and challenged with two formulations of starter cultures (a commercial formulation and the NoNit™ formulation, consisting of Lactococcus lactis ssp...
February 14, 2018: Meat Science
Kai-Hui Liu, Xiao-Wei Ding, Nimaichand Salam, Bo Zhang, Xiao-Fei Tang, Baiwan Deng, Wen-Jun Li
Fungal communities represent an indispensable part of the geothermal spring ecosystem; however, studies on fungal community within hot springs are still scant. Here, we used Illumina HiSeq 2500 sequencing to detect fungal community diversity in extremely acidic hot springs (pH < 4) and neutral and alkaline springs (pH > 6) of Tengchong-indicated by the presence of over 0.75 million valid reads. These sequences were phylogenetically assigned to 5 fungal phyla, 67 order, and 375 genera, indicating unexpected fungal diversity in the hot springs...
February 23, 2018: Extremophiles: Life Under Extreme Conditions
Abdullah R Doaigey, Mohamed El-Zaidy, Ahmad Alfarhan, Abd El-Salam Milagy, Thomas Jacob
The intention of the present wok is to provide an account on the pollen morphological features of Lamiaceae in Saudi Arabia as a basis for future studies of Lamiaceae pollens in the region. Pollen morphology of 20 species belong to 16 genera of the Lamiaceae has been investigated using Light Microscope (LM) and Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM). The study revealed that the pollen grains were characterized by 3-zonocolpate or 6-zonocolpate. Size of the pollen is variable between the genera but not among the species of the same genus...
February 2018: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
Friday Okonofua, Lorretta Ntoimo, Rosemary Ogu, Hadiza Galadanci, Rukiyat Abdus-Salam, Mohammed Gana, Ola Okike, Kingsley Agholor, Eghe Abe, Adetoye Durodola, Abdullahi Randawa
BACKGROUND: The paucity of human resources for health buoyed by excessive workloads has been identified as being responsible for poor quality obstetric care, which leads to high maternal mortality in Nigeria. While there is anecdotal and qualitative research to support this observation, limited quantitative studies have been conducted to test the association between the number and density of human resources and risk of maternal mortality. This study aims to investigate the association between client-provider ratios for antenatal and delivery care and the risk of maternal mortality in 8 referral hospitals in Nigeria...
February 22, 2018: Reproductive Health
Rebecca N Levitt, Elise Gourri, Christoph Gassner, Grace Banez-Sese, Abdus Salam, Gregory A Denomme, Elizabeth Yang
Gerbich (Ge) antigens are high frequency red cell antigens expressed on glycophorin C (GYPC) and glycophorin D. Hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn (HDFN) due to Gerbich antibody is rare and presents a clinical challenge, as Gerbich negative blood is scarce. We report a case of HDFN due to maternal Ge3 negative phenotype and anti-Ge3 alloimmunization, successfully managed by transfusion of maternal blood. Molecular testing revealed that the mother has homozygous deletion of exon 3 of GYPC, the father is homozygous wildtype for GYPC, and the infant is obligate heterozygote expressing Ge3...
February 22, 2018: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
Mohamed Ahmed Abd El Salam
Obesity is a highly prevalent non-communicable disease worldwide and is commonly associated with male infertility. Several etiopathological theories have been mentioned in the literature by which obesity affects spermatogenesis, thus affecting the male fertility potential. Mechanisms for explaining the effect of obesity on male infertility include endocrinopathy, increased aromatization activity, associated erectile dysfunction, psychological and thermal effects, obstructive sleep apnea, increased leptin and oxygen free radicals, and associated inflammatory and obstructive elements of epididymitis...
January 2018: Oman Medical Journal
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