Read by QxMD icon Read


Bing-Huo Zhang, Nimaichand Salam, Juan Cheng, Han-Quan Li, Jian-Yuan Yang, Dai-Ming Zha, Qi-Gen Guo, Wen-Jun Li
A novel actinobacterium, designated strain JXJ CY 01(T), was isolated from a mucilaginous sheath of Microcystis aeruginosa FACHB-905 collected from Lake Dianchi, south-west China. Taxonomic position of the isolate was determined by polyphasic approaches. Strain JXJ CY 01(T) shared 16S rRNA sequence similarities of 98.9 and 98.0% with Microbacterium marinilacus YM11-607(T) and Microbacterium paludicola US15(T), and less than 98% with other members of the genus Microbacterium. The DNA-DNA relatedness values between strains JXJ CY 01(T) and M...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Antibiotics
Ruben Machado, Nima Soltani, Suzie Dufour, Muhammad Tariqus Salam, Peter L Carlen, Roman Genov, Michael Thompson
Extracellular potassium concentration, [K⁺]o, plays a fundamental role in the physiological functions of the brain. Studies investigating changes in [K⁺]o have predominantly relied upon glass capillary electrodes with K⁺-sensitive solution gradients for their measurements. However, such electrodes are unsuitable for taking spatio-temporal measurements and are limited by the surface area of their tips. We illustrate seizures invoked chemically and in optogenetically modified mice using blue light exposure while impedimetrically measuring the response...
October 13, 2016: Biosensors
M S Kabir, M A Salam, D N R Paul, M I Hossain, N M F Rahman, Abdullah Aziz, M A Latif
Arsenic pollution became a great problem in the recent past in different countries including Bangladesh. The microlevel studies were conducted to see the spatial variation of arsenic in soils and plant parts contaminated through ground water irrigation. The study was performed in shallow tube well command areas in Sadar Upazila (subdistrict), Faridpur, Bangladesh, where both soil and irrigation water arsenic are high. Semivariogram models were computed to determine the spatial dependency of soil, water, grain, straw, and husk arsenic (As)...
2016: TheScientificWorldJournal
Srividya Srinivasamaharaj, Bilal Khameze Salame, Jorge Rios-Perez, Goetz Kloecker, Cesar A Perez
The identification of anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) gene rearrangements in subsets of non-small cell lung cancer patients has provided with unparalleled opportunities to hinder the progression of this disease through targeting the activity of these specific molecules. Unfortunately most patients develop disease progression in less than a year of treatment with crizotinib, the first-generation ALK-inhibitor. Areas covered: We review the resistance mechanisms to ALK inhibitors as well as an overview of the clinical activity of the alectinib, a second generation ALK inhibitor...
October 17, 2016: Expert Review of Anticancer Therapy
Amar Salam, Kadhim Sulaiman, Ibrahim Al-Zakwani, Alawi Alsheikh-Ali, Mohammed Aljaraallah, Husam Al Faleh, Abdelfatah Elasfar, Prasanth Panduranga, Rajvir Singh, Charbel Abi Khalil, Jassim Al Suwaidi
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to report prevalence, clinical characteristics, precipitating factors, management and outcome of patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) among patients hospitalized with heart failure (HF) in seven Middle Eastern countries and compare them to non-CAD patients. METHODS: Data were derived from Gulf CARE (Gulf aCute heArt failuRe rEgistry), a prospective multicenter study of 5005 consecutive patients hospitalized with acute HF during February-November 2012 in 7 Middle Eastern countries...
October 13, 2016: Hospital Practice (Minneapolis)
Rima Moghnieh, Rami Soboh, Dania Abdallah, Mona El-Helou, Salam Al Hassan, Lina Ajjour, Hani Tamim, Samaa Al Tabbah, Walid Nasreddine, Anas Mugharbil
This a prospective study comparing 2 interventions, incentive-based and audit-feedback, for measuring compliance to the World Health Organization's My 5 Moments for Hand Hygiene among nursing staff in a Lebanese tertiary care center over 21 weeks. Compliance was not achieved by default. The incentive-driven intervention helped boost compliance, and the audit-feedback intervention helped achieve high sustainability. Analysis of health care workers' behavior toward hand hygiene based on the My 5 Moments for Hand Hygiene concept is necessary to pinpoint difficulties in compliance...
October 6, 2016: American Journal of Infection Control
Hamdan Z Hamdan, Darine A Salam, Ananda Rao Hari, Lucy Semerjian, Pascal Saikaly
The biodegradation of naphthalene, 2-methylnaphthalene and phenanthrene was evaluated in marine sediment microbial fuel cells (SMFCs) under different biodegradation conditions, including sulfate reduction as a major biodegradation pathway, employment of anode as terminal electron acceptor (TEA) under inhibited sulfate reducing bacteria activity, and combined sulfate and anode usage as electron acceptors. A significant removal of naphthalene and 2-methylnaphthalene was observed at early stages of incubation in all treatments and was attributed to their high volatility...
October 5, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Rehana A Salam, Rahat Najam Qureshi, Sana Sheikh, Asif Raza Khowaja, Diane Sawchuck, Marianne Vidler, Peter von Dadelszen, Shujaat Zaidi, Zulfiqar Bhutta
BACKGROUND: An estimated 276 Pakistani women die for every 100,000 live births; with eclampsia accounting for about 10 % of these deaths. Community health workers contribute to the existing health system in Pakistan under the banner of the Lady Health Worker (LHW) Programme and are responsible to provide a comprehensive package of antenatal services. However, there is a need to increase focus on early identification and prompt diagnosis of pre-eclampsia in community settings, since women with mild pre-eclampsia often present without symptoms...
September 30, 2016: Reproductive Health
Sana Sheikh, Rahat Najam Qureshi, Asif Raza Khowaja, Rehana Salam, Marianne Vidler, Diane Sawchuck, Peter von Dadelszen, Shujat Zaidi, Zulfiqar Bhutta
BACKGROUND: Maternal mortality ratio is 276 per 100,000 live births in Pakistan. Eclampsia is responsible for one in every ten maternal deaths despite the fact that management of this disease is inexpensive and has been available for decades. Many studies have shown that health care providers in low and middle-income countries have limited training to manage patients with eclampsia. Hence, we aimed to explore the knowledge of different cadres of health care providers regarding aetiology, diagnosis and treatment of pre-eclampsia and eclampsia and current management practices...
September 30, 2016: Reproductive Health
M Tofazzal Islam, Daniel Croll, Pierre Gladieux, Darren M Soanes, Antoine Persoons, Pallab Bhattacharjee, Md Shaid Hossain, Dipali Rani Gupta, Md Mahbubur Rahman, M Golam Mahboob, Nicola Cook, Moin U Salam, Musrat Zahan Surovy, Vanessa Bueno Sancho, João Leodato Nunes Maciel, Antonio NhaniJúnior, Vanina Lilián Castroagudín, Juliana T de Assis Reges, Paulo Cezar Ceresini, Sebastien Ravel, Ronny Kellner, Elisabeth Fournier, Didier Tharreau, Marc-Henri Lebrun, Bruce A McDonald, Timothy Stitt, Daniel Swan, Nicholas J Talbot, Diane G O Saunders, Joe Win, Sophien Kamoun
BACKGROUND: In February 2016, a new fungal disease was spotted in wheat fields across eight districts in Bangladesh. The epidemic spread to an estimated 15,000 hectares, about 16 % of the cultivated wheat area in Bangladesh, with yield losses reaching up to 100 %. Within weeks of the onset of the epidemic, we performed transcriptome sequencing of symptomatic leaf samples collected directly from Bangladeshi fields. RESULTS: Reinoculation of seedlings with strains isolated from infected wheat grains showed wheat blast symptoms on leaves of wheat but not rice...
October 3, 2016: BMC Biology
Zhi-Li Ma, Tao Hou, Wen Shi, Wei-Wei Liu, Salam A Ibrahim, Hui He
In this study, peptides that facilitate alcohol metabolism were purified and identified from corn protein hydrolysates. The ultra-filtered fraction with a molecular weight < 3 kDa (F3) potential activity was separated into six fractions (F3-H1-F3-H6) by semi-preparative high-performance liquid chromatography. Among the resultant six fractions, F3-H4 and F3-H5 exhibited the highest ability to eliminate alcohol in vivo. A total of 16 peptides with strong signal values were identified from F3-H4 and F3-H5 fractions by nano liquid chromatography coupled with electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Separation Science
Hany Zaher, Ayman Abdel-Aziz Swelum, Abdel-Salam Eidaroos, Faten Labib
The present study aimed mainly to study the level of nitric oxide (NO) and combined thickness of the uterus and placenta (CTUP) in buffaloes affected by pregnancy pathology. Females (n = 104) were classified into three main groups: nonpregnant (n = 10), healthy pregnant (n = 54), and pathologically pregnant (n = 40). The healthy pregnant animals were subgrouped according to the stage of pregnancy to early stage (n = 15), mid stage (n = 15), late stage (n = 19), and full term (n = 5). The animals in which pregnancy was associated with placental pathology were subgrouped to uterine torsion (n = 27), hydroallantois (n = 5), and abortion (n = 8)...
September 7, 2016: Theriogenology
Erum Zahid, Ijaz Hussain, Gunter Spöck, Muhammad Faisal, Javid Shabbir, Nasser M AbdEl-Salam, Tajammal Hussain
Sodium is an integral part of water, and its excessive amount in drinking water causes high blood pressure and hypertension. In the present paper, spatial distribution of sodium concentration in drinking water is modeled and optimized sampling designs for selecting sampling locations is calculated for three divisions in Punjab, Pakistan. Universal kriging and Bayesian universal kriging are used to predict the sodium concentrations. Spatial simulated annealing is used to generate optimized sampling designs. Different estimation methods (i...
2016: PloS One
Abdullah K Al-Hwiesh, Ibrahiem S Abdul-Rahman, Abdul-Salam Noor, Mohammed A Nasr-El-Deen, Abdalla Abdelrahman, Tamer S El-Salamony, Fahd A Al-Muhanna, Khalid M Al-Otaibi, Nehad Al-Audah
♦ Objective: Metformin continues to be the safest and most widely used antidiabetic drug. In spite of its well-known benefits; metformin use in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients is still restricted. Little has been reported about the effect of peritoneal dialysis (PD) on metformin clearance and the phantom of lactic acidosis deprives ESRD patients from metformin therapeutic advantages. Peritoneal dialysis is probably a safeguard against lactic acidosis, and it is likely that using this drug would be feasible in this group of patients...
September 28, 2016: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
Abdoul-Salam Ouedraogo, Catherine Dunyach-Remy, Aimée Kissou, Soufiane Sanou, Armel Poda, Carole G Kyelem, Jérôme Solassol, Anne-Laure Bañuls, Philippe Van De Perre, Rasmata Ouédraogo, Hélène Jean-Pierre, Jean-Philippe Lavigne, Sylvain Godreuil
The objectives of the present study were to investigate the rate of S.aureus nasal carriage and molecular characteristics in hospital and community settings in Bobo Dioulasso, Burkina Faso. Nasal samples (n = 219) were collected from 116 healthy volunteers and 103 hospitalized patients in July and August 2014. Samples were first screened using CHROMagar Staph aureus chromogenic agar plates, and S. aureus strains were identified by mass spectrometry. Antibiotic susceptibility was tested using the disk diffusion method on Müller-Hinton agar...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
Shameen Salam, Robert Kotloff, Puneet Garcha, Sudhir Krishnan, Dhruv Joshi, Patrick Grady, Abhijit Duggal
Veno-venous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) has become a viable and increasingly utilized option for the treatment of refractory hypoxemia in severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). However, options are limited for ARDS patients who fail to wean from ECMO. The high rates of infection, presence of extrapulmonary end organ damage, ICU-acquired weakness, and high short-term mortality associated with ARDS are all significant hurdles that make lung transplantation a difficult prospect to consider...
September 22, 2016: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
K Tamreihao, Debananda S Ningthoujam, Salam Nimaichand, Elangbam Shanta Singh, Pascal Reena, Salam Herojeet Singh, Upendra Nongthomba
Streptomyces corchorusii strain UCR3-16, obtained from rice rhizospheric soils showed antifungal activities against 6 major rice fungal pathogens by diffusible and volatile compounds production. The strain was found positive for production of fungal cell wall degrading enzymes such as chitinase, β-1,3-glucanase, β-1,4-glucanase, lipase and protease. The strain was also positive for plant growth promoting traits. It produced up to 30.5μg/ml of IAA and solubilized a significant amount of inorganic phosphate (up to 102μg/ml)...
November 2016: Microbiological Research
Rehana A Salam, Jai K Das, Zohra S Lassi, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
Adolescent health care is challenging compared to that of children and adults, due to their rapidly evolving physical, intellectual, and emotional development. This paper is the concluding paper for a series of reviews to evaluate the effectiveness of interventions for improving adolescent health and well-being. In this paper, we summarize the evidence evaluated in the previous papers and suggest areas where there is enough existing evidence to recommend implementation and areas where further research is needed to reach consensus...
October 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
Rehana A Salam, Ahmed Arshad, Jai K Das, Marium Naveed Khan, Wajeeha Mahmood, Stephen B Freedman, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
Globally, every day, ∼2,300 children and adolescents succumb to unintentional injuries sustained from motor vehicle collisions, drowning, poisoning, falls, burns, and violence. The rate of deaths due to motor vehicle injuries in adolescents is 10.2 per 100,000 adolescents. We systematically reviewed published evidence to identify interventions to prevent unintentional injuries among adolescents aged 11-19 years. We defined unintentional injuries as a subset of injuries for which there was no evidence of predetermined intent, and the definition included motor vehicle injuries, suffocation, drowning, poisoning, burns, falls, and sports and recreation...
October 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
Jai K Das, Rehana A Salam, Ahmed Arshad, Yaron Finkelstein, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
Many unhealthy behaviors often begin during adolescence and represent major public health challenges. Substance abuse has a major impact on individuals, families, and communities, as its effects are cumulative, contributing to costly social, physical, and mental health problems. We conducted an overview of systematic reviews to evaluate the effectiveness of interventions to prevent substance abuse among adolescents. We report findings from a total of 46 systematic reviews focusing on interventions for smoking/tobacco use, alcohol use, drug use, and combined substance abuse...
October 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"