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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920545/thyroid-dysfunction-among-type-2-diabetic-female-egyptian-subjects
#1
Ibrahim N Elebrashy, Amr El Meligi, Laila Rashed, Randa F Salam, Elham Youssef, Shaimaa A Fathy
PURPOSE: High prevalence of thyroid disorders is more common in type 1 diabetes compared to type 2 diabetes, due to associated autoimmunity. Hypothyroidism is the most common disorder. The objective was to assess the prevalence of thyroid dysfunction among type 2 diabetic Egyptian females and to find the correlation between metabolic syndrome components and autoimmune thyroid dysfunction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 62 type 2 diabetic Egyptian females and 27 sex- and age-matched controls...
2016: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920499/smart-nanocrystals-of-artemether-fabrication-characterization-and-comparative-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-antimalarial-evaluation
#2
Syed Muhammad Hassan Shah, Farhat Ullah, Shahzeb Khan, Syed Muhammad Mukarram Shah, Marcel de Matas, Zahid Hussain, Muhammad Usman Minhas, Naser M AbdEl-Salam, Khaled Hafez Assi, Mohammad Isreb
Artemether (ARTM) is a very effective antimalarial drug with poor solubility and consequently low bioavailability. Smart nanocrystals of ARTM with particle size of 161±1.5 nm and polydispersity index of 0.172±0.01 were produced in <1 hour using a wet milling technology, Dena(®) DM-100. The crystallinity of the processed ARTM was confirmed using differential scanning calorimetry and powder X-ray diffraction. The saturation solubility of the ARTM nanocrystals was substantially increased to 900 µg/mL compared to the raw ARTM in water (145...
2016: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920319/the-financial-burdens-of-high-deductible-plans
#3
Salam Abdus, Thomas M Selden, Patricia Keenan
The increased prevalence of high-deductible health plans raises concerns regarding high financial burdens from health care, particularly for low-income adults.
December 1, 2016: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916501/association-between-iron-level-glucose-impairment-and-increased-dna-damage-during-pregnancy
#4
Salam Zein, Samar Rachidi, Nadine Shami, Iman Sharara, Khawla Cheikh-Ali, Anne-Sophie Gauchez, Jean-Marc Moulis, Jean-Marc Ayoubi, Pascale Salameh, Isabelle Hininger-Favier
: Elevated circulating ferritin has been reported to increase the risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). When high ferritin translates into high iron stores, iron excess is also a condition leading to free radical damage. We aimed to evaluate the relationship between oxidative stress (OS) induced by iron status and GDM risk in non iron-supplemented pregnant women. METHODS: This was a pilot observational study conducted on 93 non-anemic pregnant women. Iron status was assessed at the first trimester of gestation...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904879/the-establishment-and-diversification-of-epidemic-associated-serogroup-w-meningococcus-in-the-african-meningitis-belt-1994-to-2012
#5
Adam C Retchless, Fang Hu, Abdoul-Salam Ouédraogo, Seydou Diarra, Kristen Knipe, Mili Sheth, Lori A Rowe, Lassana Sangaré, Absetou Ky Ba, Soumeya Ouangraoua, Dhwani Batra, Ryan T Novak, Rasmata Ouédraogo Traoré, Xin Wang
Epidemics of invasive meningococcal disease (IMD) caused by meningococcal serogroup A have been eliminated from the sub-Saharan African so-called "meningitis belt" by the meningococcal A conjugate vaccine (MACV), and yet, other serogroups continue to cause epidemics. Neisseria meningitidis serogroup W remains a major cause of disease in the region, with most isolates belonging to clonal complex 11 (CC11). Here, the genetic variation within and between epidemic-associated strains was assessed by sequencing the genomes of 92 N...
November 2016: MSphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902296/allostreptomyces-psammosilenae-gen-nov-sp-nov-an-endophytic-actinobacterium-isolated-from-the-roots-of-psammosilene-tunicoides-and-emended-description-of-the-family-streptomycetaceae-waksman-and-henrici-1943-al-emend-rainey-et-al-1997-emend-kim-et-al-2003-emend
#6
Mei-Juan Huang, Manik Prabhu Narsing Rao, Nimaichand Salam, Min Xiao, Hai-Quan Huang, Wen-Jun Li
A Gram-staining positive actinobacterium, designated strain YIM DR4008T was isolated from the root sample of Psammosilene tunicoides collected from Lijiang, Yunnan, China. Strain YIM DR4008T could grow at temperature ranging from 10 to 50 °C (optimum at 28-30 °C), pH 5.0-11.0 (optimum pH 7.0) and in the presence of up to 4 % (w/v) NaCl. Sequence analysis of the 16S ribosomal RNA gene revealed that strain YIM DR4008T shared highest similarity (95.0 %) with Streptomyces griseoplanus NBRC 12779T and < 95 % similarity with other known members of the genera Streptomyces, Kitasatospora and Streptacidiphilus...
October 27, 2016: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893366/husis-a-dedicated-space-for-studying-human-interactions
#7
Ryan Schubert, Greg Welch, Salam Daher, Andrew Raij
To support the study of effective human-surrogate interaction techniques and modalities, the Office of Naval Research awarded an equipment grant to support the development of a Human-Surrogate Interaction Space (HuSIS) at the University of Central Florida in the Institute for Simulation & Training. The HuSIS consists of a dedicated physical space, structures, and components designed specifically for carrying out controlled studies related to human-surrogate interactions. This article describes the motivation, design, and realization of the HuSIS and the benefits of the common data-collection and analysis framework developed for HuSIS research...
November 2016: IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890370/acetylcholinesterase-butyrylcholinesterase-and-paraoxonase-1-activities-in-rats-treated-with-cannabis-tramadol-or-both
#8
Omar M E Abdel-Salam, Eman R Youness, Yasser A Khadrawy, Amany A Sleem
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of Cannabis sativa resin and/or tramadol, two commonly drugs of abuse on acetylcholinesterase and butyrylcholinesterase activities as a possible cholinergic biomarkers of neurotoxicity induced by these agents. METHODS: Rats were treated with cannabis resin (5, 10 or 20 mg/kg) (equivalent to the active constituent Δ(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol), tramadol (5, 10 and 20 mg/kg) or tramadol (10 mg/kg) combined with cannabis resin (5, 10 and 20 mg/kg) subcutaneously daily for 6 weeks...
November 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882261/prevalence-of-hepatitis-c-virus-seropositivity-and-its-impact-on-coronary-artery-disease-among-egyptian-patients-referred-for-coronary-angiography
#9
Ragab Abd El Salam, Baher Nabil, Marawan Saber, Hany A AbdelWahab, Tamer Saber
Background. We tested the prevalence and impact of HCV seropositivity among Egyptian patients referred for coronary angiography. Subjects and Methods. This cross-sectional study was conducted in Zagazig University hospitals including 509 patients scheduled for elective coronary angiography between June 2013 and June 2014. By taking full history on admission, laboratory workup including HCV Ab, echocardiography study, and coronary angiography, we calculated the mean number of coronary artery lesions and the mean number of affected coronary artery vessels for all patients...
2016: Cardiology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882257/a-hormonally-active-malignant-struma-ovarii
#10
Carolina Lara, Dalia Cuenca, Latife Salame, Rafael Padilla-Longoria, Moisés Mercado
Struma ovarii is a rare monodermal variant of ovarian teratoma that contains at least 50% thyroid tissue. Less than 8% of struma ovarii cases present with clinical and biochemical evidence of thyrotoxicosis due to ectopic production of thyroid hormone and only 5% undergo malignant transformation into a papillary thyroid carcinoma. Only isolated cases of hormonally active papillary thyroid carcinoma developing within a struma ovarii have been reported in the literature. We report the case of a 36-year-old woman who presented with clinical signs and symptoms of hyperthyroidism as well as a left adnexal mass, which proved to be a thyroid hormone-producing, malignant struma ovarii...
2016: Case Reports in Oncological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868194/randomized-controlled-trial-of-vitamin-d-supplementation-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#11
Khaled Saad, Ahmed A Abdel-Rahman, Yasser M Elserogy, Abdulrahman A Al-Atram, Amira A El-Houfey, Hisham A K Othman, Geir Bjørklund, Feiyong Jia, Mauricio A Urbina, Mohamed Gamil M Abo-Elela, Faisal-Alkhateeb Ahmad, Khaled A Abd El-Baseer, Ahmed E Ahmed, Ahmad M Abdel-Salam
BACKGROUND: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a frequent developmental disorder characterized by pervasive deficits in social interaction, impairment in verbal and nonverbal communication, and stereotyped patterns of interests and activities. It has been previously reported that there is vitamin D deficiency in autistic children; however, there is a lack of randomized controlled trials of vitamin D supplementation in ASD children. METHODS: This study is a double-blinded, randomized clinical trial (RCT) that was conducted on 109 children with ASD (85 boys and 24 girls; aged 3-10 years)...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853951/rubricella-aquisinus-gen-nov-sp-nov-a-novel-member-of-the-family-rhodobacteraceae
#12
Li-Qiang Yang, Lili Tang, Lan Liu, Nimaichand Salam, Wen-Jun Li, Xiaowei Liu, Guangzhi Jin, Nianzhi Jiao, Yongyu Zhang
A Gram-stain negative, ovoid or short rod-shaped, aerobic and non-motile bacterial strain, designated J82(T), was isolated from a seawater sample collected from the coast of Yellow Sea in Qingdao, China. The strain grew at salinities of 1.0-6.0% (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 2.5%). Growth occurred at pH 6.0-8.0 (optimum, pH 7.0) and 10-42 °C (optimum, 28-30 °C). The genomic DNA G + C content was determined to be 57.5 mol%. Q-10 was detected as the respiratory quinone. The major fatty acid (>10%) was Summed feature 8 (C18:1 ω7c and/or C18:1 ω6c)...
November 16, 2016: Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846391/instructive-role-of-mll-fusion-proteins-revealed-by-a-model-of-t-4-11-pro-b-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia
#13
Shan Lin, Roger T Luo, Anetta Ptasinska, Jon Kerry, Salam A Assi, Mark Wunderlich, Toshihiko Imamura, Joseph J Kaberlein, Ahmad Rayes, Mark J Althoff, John Anastasi, Maureen M O'Brien, Amom Ruhikanta Meetei, Thomas A Milne, Constanze Bonifer, James C Mulloy, Michael J Thirman
The t(4;11)(q21;q23) fuses mixed-lineage leukemia (MLL) to AF4, the most common MLL-fusion partner. Here we show that MLL fused to murine Af4, highly conserved with human AF4, produces high-titer retrovirus permitting efficient transduction of human CD34(+) cells, thereby generating a model of t(4;11) pro-B acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) that fully recapitulates the immunophenotypic and molecular aspects of the disease. MLL-Af4 induces a B ALL distinct from MLL-AF9 through differential genomic target binding of the fusion proteins leading to specific gene expression patterns...
November 14, 2016: Cancer Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832151/nationwide-trends-in-bacterial-meningitis-before-the-introduction-of-13-valent-pneumococcal-conjugate-vaccine-burkina-faso-2011-2013
#14
Dinanibè Kambiré, Heidi M Soeters, Rasmata Ouédraogo-Traoré, Isaïe Medah, Lassana Sangare, Issaka Yaméogo, Guetawendé Sawadogo, Abdoul-Salam Ouédraogo, Soumeya Hema-Ouangraoua, Lesley McGee, Velusamy Srinivasan, Flavien Aké, Malika Congo-Ouédraogo, Soufian Sanou, Absatou Ky Ba, Ryan T Novak, Chris Van Beneden
BACKGROUND: Following introduction of Haemophilus influenzae type b vaccine in 2006 and serogroup A meningococcal conjugate vaccine in 2010, Streptococcus pneumoniae (Sp) became the leading cause of bacterial meningitis in Burkina Faso. We describe bacterial meningitis epidemiology, focusing on pneumococcal meningitis, before 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13) introduction in the pediatric routine immunization program in October 2013. METHODS: Nationwide population-based meningitis surveillance collects case-level demographic and clinical information and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) laboratory results...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829774/difficulties-encountered-in-preauricular-approach-over-retromandibular-approach-in-condylar-fracture
#15
Perumal Jayavelu, R Riaz, A R Tariq Salam, B Saravanan, R Karthick
Fracture of mandible can be classified according to its anatomical location, in which condylar fracture is the most common one overall and is missed on clinical examination. Due to the unique geometry of the mandible and temporomandibular joint, without treatment the fractures can result in marked pain, dysfunction, and deformity. The condylar fracture may be further classified depending on the sides involved: unilateral/bilateral, depending on the height of fracture: intracapsular (within the head of condyle), extracapsular - head and neck (high condyle fracture), and subcondylar (low condyle fracture), and depending on displacement: nondisplaced, displaced (anteromedially, medially, and lateral), and dislocated...
October 2016: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826955/vitamin-d-supplementation-for-preventing-infections-in-children-under-five-years-of-age
#16
REVIEW
Mohammad Y Yakoob, Rehana A Salam, Farhan R Khan, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D is a micronutrient important for bone growth and immune function. Deficiency can lead to rickets and has been linked to various infections, including respiratory infections. The evidence on the effects of supplementation on infections in children has not been assessed systematically. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the role of vitamin D supplementation in preventing pneumonia, tuberculosis (TB), diarrhoea, and malaria in children under five years of age...
November 9, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821951/effect-of-wiihabilitation-on-strength-ratio-of-ankle-muscles-in-adults
#17
Aya A Khalil, Ghada A Mohamed, Soheir M Abd El Rahman, Salam M Elhafez, Nagui S Nassif
[Purpose] This study was conducted to investigate the effect of Wiihabilitation on the ankle dorsiflexion/plantar flexion strength ratio in adults. [Subjects and Methods] Thirty-two healthy male volunteers were randomly assigned to two equal groups (experimental and control). Participants in the experimental group received a Wiihabilitation training program for six weeks. Data were collected using a Biodex system 3 Isokinetic dynamometer. Peak torques of the dorsiflexors and plantar flexors were measured at an angular velocity of 60°/sec which in turn were used to derive the ankle dorsiflexion/plantar flexion strength ratio...
October 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815609/efficient-method-for-determination-of-methylene-blue-dye-in-water-samples-based-on-a-combined-dispersive-solid-phase-and-cloud-point-extraction-using-cu-oh-2-nanoflakes-central-composite-design-optimization
#18
Farzin Nekouei, Hanieh Kargarzadeh, Shahram Nekouei, Farzaneh Keshtpour, Abdel Salam Hamdy Makhlouf
A new method was developed for the efficient spectrophotometric determination of methylene blue (MB) dye in solutions. The method is based on a combined dispersive solid phase and cloud point extraction using Cu(OH)2 nanoflakes (as an adsorbent). Cu(OH)2 nanoflakes were synthesized by facile and fast methods and characterized using various techniques. The developed method is based on the adsorption of MB on the Cu(OH)2 nanoflakes and transfer into a surfactant-rich phase using Triton X-114 as a nonionic surfactant...
November 4, 2016: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806852/ameloblastoma-vs-basal-cell-carcinoma-an-immunohistochemical-comparison
#19
Salam N Jawad, Bashar H Abdullah
Despite behavioral mimicry of ameloblastoma (AB) and basal cell carcinoma (BCC), they are classified at 2 extremes within pertinent WHO classifications with respect to benign and malignant designation. This study aims to appraise the current allocation of AB in the classification through an immunohistochemical comparison of some aspects of behavior with BCC. Sections from retrospectively retrieved formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue blocks of AB (n = 37) and BCC (n = 34) were comparatively examined for the immunohistochemical expression for Ki-67, Bcl-2, MMP-2, MMP-9, CD31, and D2-40 monoclonal antibodies...
December 2016: Annals of Diagnostic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802171/cooperative-binding-of-ap-1-and-tead4-modulates-the-balance-between-vascular-smooth-muscle-and-hemogenic-cell-fate
#20
Nadine Obier, Pierre Cauchy, Salam A Assi, Jane Gilmour, Michael Lie-A-Ling, Monika Lichtinger, Maarten Hoogenkamp, Laura Noailles, Peter N Cockerill, Georges Lacaud, Valerie Kouskoff, Constanze Bonifer
The transmission of extracellular signals into the nucleus involves inducible transcription factors, but how different signalling pathways act in a cell type-specific fashion is poorly understood. Here, we studied the regulatory role of the AP-1 transcription factor family in blood development using embryonic stem cell differentiation coupled with genome-wide transcription factor binding and gene expression analyses. AP-1 factors respond to MAP kinase signalling and comprise dimers of FOS, ATF and JUN proteins...
December 1, 2016: Development
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