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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790983/climate-change-and-one-health
#1
Jakob Zinsstag, Lisa Crump, Esther Schelling, Jan Hattendorf, Yahya Osman Maidane, Kadra Osman Ali, Abdifatah Muhummed, Abdurezak Adem Umer, Ferzua Aliyi, Faisal Nooh, Mohammed Ibrahim Abdikadir, Seid Mohammed Ali, Stella Hartinger, Daniel Mäusezahl, Monica Berger Gonzalez de White, Celia Cordon-Rosales, Danilo Alvarez Castillo, John McCracken, Fayiz Abakar, Colin Cercamondi, Sandro Emmenegger, Edith Maier, Simon Karanja, Isabelle Bolon, Rafael Ruiz de Castañeda, Bassirou Bonfoh, Rea Tschopp, Nicole Probst-Hensch, Guéladio Cissé
The journal The Lancet recently published a countdown on health and climate change. Attention was focused solely on humans. However, animals, including wildlife, livestock and pets, may also be impacted by climate change. Complementary to the high relevance of awareness rising for protecting humans against climate change, here we present a One Health approach, which aims at the simultaneous protection of humans, animals and the environment from climate change impacts (climate change adaptation). We postulate that integrated approaches save human and animal lives and reduce costs when compared to public and animal health sectors working separately...
June 1, 2018: FEMS Microbiology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790050/formulation-of-oil-in-water-emulsions-for-pesticide-applications-impact-of-surfactant-type-and-concentration-on-physical-stability
#2
Jianguo Feng, Qicheng Chen, Xuemin Wu, Seid Mahdi Jafari, David Julian McClements
Oil-in-water (O/W) emulsions can be utilized as effective pesticide delivery systems in the agricultural industry. In this study, the effects of hydrophile-lipophile balance (HLB), concentration, and location of surfactants on the formation and physical stability of O/W emulsions suitable for pesticide applications was investigated using dynamic light scattering and vertical laser profiling. A non-polar pesticide (lambda-cyhalothrin) was used as a model. The pesticide emulsion with the highest stability was obtained using a commercial non-ionic surfactant (polyoxyethylene castor oil ether, EL-20) with a required HLB value of 10...
May 22, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783877/come-a-long-way-still-a-ways-to-go-from-predicting-and-preventing-fluoropyrimidine-toxicity-to-increased-efficacy
#3
Seid Hamzic, Ursula Amstutz, Carlo R Largiadèr
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 22, 2018: Pharmacogenomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778825/nano-spray-drying-for-encapsulation-of-pharmaceuticals
#4
REVIEW
Cordin Arpagaus, Andreas Collenberg, David Rütti, Elham Assadpour, Seid Mahdi Jafari
Many pharmaceuticals such as pills, capsules, or tablets are prepared in a dried and powdered form. In this field, spray drying plays a critical role to convert liquid pharmaceutical formulations into powders. In addition, in many cases it is necessary to encapsulate bioactive drugs into wall materials to protect them against harsh process and environmental conditions, as well as to deliver the drug to the right place and at the correct time within the body. Thus, spray drying is a common process used for encapsulation of pharmaceuticals...
May 17, 2018: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763447/hepatitis-b-and-c-seroprevalence-knowledge-practice-and-associated-factors-among-medicine-and-health-science-students-in-northeast-ethiopia
#5
Wondmagegn Demsiss, Abdurahaman Seid, Temesgen Fiseha
BACKGROUND: Health care professionals, especially medical students, are at greater risk of contracting hepatitis B and C virus infections due to their occupational exposure to percutaneous injuries and other body fluids. The aim of this study was to determine the seroprevalence of hepatitis B and C virus infections among medicine and health science students in Northeast Ethiopia and to assess their knowledge and practice towards the occupational risk of viral hepatitis. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among a total of 408 medicine and health science students during the period from March to September 2017...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758533/antimicrobial-resistance-biofilm-formation-and-virulence-reveal-actinobacillus-pleuropneumoniae-strains-pathogenicity-complexity
#6
Monalessa Fábia Pereira, Ciro César Rossi, Larissa Eler Seide, Sebastião Martins Filho, Cláudia de Melo Dolinski, Denise Mara Soares Bazzolli
Porcine pleuropneumonia is an important cause of lowered productivity and economic loss in the pig industry worldwide, associated primarily with Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae infection. Its colonization and persistence within the upper respiratory tract of affected pigs depends upon interactions between a number of genetically controlled virulence factors, such as pore-forming repeats-in-toxin exoproteins, biofilm formation, and antimicrobial resistance. This study investigated correlations between biofilm-forming capacity, antimicrobial resistance, and virulence of A...
May 7, 2018: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707354/fiducial-marker-placement-for-stereotactic-body-radiation-therapy-via-convex-probe-endobronchial-ultrasound-a-case-series-and-review-of-literature
#7
REVIEW
Benjamin J Seides, John P Egan, Kim D French, Kevin L Kovitz, Neeraj R Desai
Convex probe endobronchial ultrasound (CP-EBUS) and stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) are valuable tools in the diagnosis, staging, and treatment of thoracic malignancies. With widespread clinical adoption, novel uses of CP-EBUS beyond mediastinal diagnosis and staging continue to be discovered. SBRT is an attractive treatment strategy in early-stage lung cancer and oligo-metastatic disease of the chest when a surgical approach is either not feasible or desirable. Accurate application of SBRT is aided by the placement of radio-opaque fiducial markers (FM) to compensate for respiratory cycle movements...
March 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699588/burden-of-disease-attributable-to-suboptimal-diet-metabolic-risks-and-low-physical-activity-in-ethiopia-and-comparison-with-eastern-sub-saharan-african-countries-1990-2015-findings-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2015
#8
Yohannes Adama Melaku, Molla Mesele Wassie, Tiffany K Gill, Shao Jia Zhou, Gizachew Assefa Tessema, Azmeraw T Amare, Yihunie Lakew, Abiy Hiruye, Tesfaye Hailu Bekele, Amare Worku, Oumer Seid, Kedir Endris, Ferew Lemma, Fisaha Haile Tesfay, Biruck Desalegn Yirsaw, Kebede Deribe, Robert Adams, Zumin Shi, Awoke Misganaw, Amare Deribew
BACKGROUND: Twelve of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are related to malnutrition (both under- and overnutrition), other behavioral, and metabolic risk factors. However, comparative evidence on the impact of behavioral and metabolic risk factors on disease burden is limited in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), including Ethiopia. Using data from the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) Study, we assessed mortality and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) attributable to child and maternal undernutrition (CMU), dietary risks, metabolic risks and low physical activity for Ethiopia...
April 25, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670768/assessment-of-anti-tb-drug-nonadherence-and-associated-factors-among-tb-patients-attending-tb-clinics-in-arba-minch-governmental-health-institutions-southern-ethiopia
#9
Addisu Alemayehu Gube, Megbaru Debalkie, Kalid Seid, Kiberalem Bisete, Asfaw Mengesha, Abubeker Zeynu, Freselam Shimelis, Feleke Gebremeskel
Background: Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease caused by the bacillus Mycobacterium tuberculosis . Nonadherence to anti-TB treatment may result in the emergence of multidrug-resistant TB, prolonged infectiousness, and poor tuberculosis treatment outcomes. Ethiopia is one of the seven countries that reported lower rates of treatment success (84%). This study assessed anti-TB drug nonadherence and associated factors among TB patients in Arba Minch governmental health institutions...
2018: Tuberculosis Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625402/effect-of-tropical-thermal-stress-on-peri-implantation-immune-responses-in-cows
#10
Mohanned Naif Alhussien, Aarti Kamboj, Mustafa Ahmad Aljader, Bibhudatta S K Panda, Munna Lal Yadav, Lakshit Sharma, Seid Mohammed, Aasif Ahmad Sheikh, Masoud Lotfan, Rajeev Kapila, A K Mohanty, Ajay Kumar Dang
Pregnancy losses during the peri-implantation period cause a negative impact on the reproductive and economic performance of dairy herds. In this study, we investigated the possible immunological factors which may contribute to pregnancy loss during the peri-implantation period under different seasons of tropical conditions. Eighteen Karan Fries cows, six cows in each season (W: winter; HH: hot-humid; HD: hot-dry) were selected. These cows exhibited heat and were brought for artificial insemination (AI; day 0)...
March 29, 2018: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610571/efficacy-of-bilateral-transversus-abdominis-plane-and-ilioinguinal-iliohypogastric-nerve-blocks-for-postcaesarean-delivery-pain-relief-under-spinal-anesthesia
#11
Seid Adem Ahemed, Zewditu Abdissa Denu, Habtamu Getinet Kassahun, Demeke Yilikal Fentie
Background: Caesarean delivery can be associated with considerable postoperative pain. While the benefits of transversus abdominis plane (TAP) and ilioinguinal-iliohypogastric (II-IH) nerve blocks on pain after caesarean delivery via Pfannenstiel incision have been demonstrated, no enough investigations on the comparison of these blocks on pain after caesarean delivery have been conducted in our setup. Method: An institutional-based prospective observational cohort study was conducted to compare the analgesic efficacy of those blocks...
2018: Anesthesiology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610402/-a-guide-to-gutsy-living-patient-driven-development-of-a-pediatric-ostomy-toolkit
#12
Jennie G David, Alexander Jofriet, Michael Seid, Peter A Margolis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29597157/nitrite-ion-mitigates-the-formation-of-n-nitrosodimethylamine-ndma-during-chloramination-of-ranitidine
#13
Mingizem Gashaw Seid, Kangwoo Cho, Changha Lee, Hyun-Mee Park, Seok Won Hong
Ranitidine (RNT) has been an important tertiary amine precursor of N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA) in chlorine-based water treatment, due to reaction with monochloramine (NH2 Cl) with exceptionally high molar yields up to 90%. This study examined the effects of nitrite ions (NO2 - ) on the kinetics of NDMA formation during the chloramination of RNT under variable concentrations of dissolved oxygen (DO, 0.7-7.5mg/L), RNT (5-30μM), NH2 Cl (5-20mM), NO2 - or NO3 - (0-2mM) and pH (5.6-8.6). In the absence of the NO2 - , the ultimate molar yield of NDMA after 6h of reaction was primarily influenced by [DO] and pH, while marginally affected by initial [RNT] and [NH2 Cl]...
March 26, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588819/an-agent-based-architecture-for-high-risk-neonate-management-at-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#14
Jaleh Shoshtarian Malak, Reza Safdari, Hojjat Zeraati, Fatemeh Sadat Nayeri, Niloofar Mohammadzadeh, Seide Sedighe Seied Farajollah
Background: In recent years, the use of new tools and technologies has decreased the neonatal mortality rate. Despite the positive effect of using these technologies, the decisions are complex and uncertain in critical conditions when the neonate is preterm or has a low birth weight or malformations. There is a need to automate the high-risk neonate management process by creating real-time and more precise decision support tools. Objective: To create a collaborative and real-time environment to manage neonates with critical conditions at the NICU (Neonatal Intensive Care Unit) and to overcome high-risk neonate management weaknesses by applying a multi agent based analysis and design methodology as a new solution for NICU management...
January 2018: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529581/comparison-of-radiofrequency-electromagnetic-field-exposure-levels-in-different-everyday-microenvironments-in-an-international-context
#15
Sanjay Sagar, Seid M Adem, Benjamin Struchen, Sarah P Loughran, Michael E Brunjes, Lisa Arangua, Mohamed Aqiel Dalvie, Rodney J Croft, Michael Jerrett, Joel M Moskowitz, Tony Kuo, Martin Röösli
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to quantify RF-EMF exposure applying a tested protocol of RF-EMF exposure measurements using portable devices with a high sampling rate in different microenvironments of Switzerland, Ethiopia, Nepal, South Africa, Australia and the United States of America. METHOD: We used portable measurement devices for assessing RF-EMF exposure in 94 outdoor microenvironments and 18 public transport vehicles. The measurements were taken either by walking with a backpack with the devices at the height of the head and a distance of 20-30 cm from the body, or driving a car with the devices mounted on its roof, which was 170-180 cm above the ground...
May 2018: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29496347/engineering-a-stable-cho-cell-line-for-the-expression-of-a-mers-coronavirus-vaccine-antigen
#16
Mun Peak Nyon, Lanying Du, Chien-Te Kent Tseng, Christopher A Seid, Jeroen Pollet, Kevin S Naceanceno, Anurodh Agrawal, Abdullah Algaissi, Bi-Hung Peng, Wanbo Tai, Shibo Jiang, Maria Elena Bottazzi, Ulrich Strych, Peter J Hotez
Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) has infected at least 2040 patients and caused 712 deaths since its first appearance in 2012, yet neither pathogen-specific therapeutics nor approved vaccines are available. To address this need, we are developing a subunit recombinant protein vaccine comprising residues 377-588 of the MERS-CoV spike protein receptor-binding domain (RBD), which, when formulated with the AddaVax adjuvant, it induces a significant neutralizing antibody response and protection against MERS-CoV challenge in vaccinated animals...
March 27, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29495620/tribological-and-wear-performance-of-nanocomposite-pvd-hard-coatings-deposited-on-aluminum-die-casting-tool
#17
Jose Mario Paiva, German Fox-Rabinovich, Edinei Locks Junior, Pietro Stolf, Yassmin Seid Ahmed, Marcelo Matos Martins, Carlos Bork, Stephen Veldhuis
In the aluminum die casting process, erosion, corrosion, soldering, and die sticking have a significant influence on tool life and product quality. A number of coatings such as TiN, CrN, and (Cr,Al)N deposited by physical vapor deposition (PVD) have been employed to act as protective coatings due to their high hardness and chemical stability. In this study, the wear performance of two nanocomposite AlTiN and AlCrN coatings with different structures were evaluated. These coatings were deposited on aluminum die casting mold tool substrates (AISI H13 hot work steel) by PVD using pulsed cathodic arc evaporation, equipped with three lateral arc-rotating cathodes (LARC) and one central rotating cathode (CERC)...
February 28, 2018: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29492820/fabrication-and-characterization-of-%C3%AE-cypermethrin-loaded-pla-microcapsules-prepared-by-emulsion-solvent-evaporation-loading-and-release-properties
#18
Jianguo Feng, Guantian Yang, Shengwei Zhang, Qi Liu, Seid Mahdi Jafari, David Julian McClements
Microcapsulses can be designed to effectively encapsulate, protect, and control the release of pesticides. In this study, emulsion-solvent evaporation method was used to fabricate microcapsules using dichloromethane as the solvent, polylactic acid (PLA) as the carrier materials, poly(vinyl alcohol) as the emulsifier, and β-cypermethrin as the entrapped pesticide. The effects of process parameters on the microcapsules characteristics (size, loading content, and encapsulation efficiency) were investigated. Also, the release behavior of the β-cypermethrin was measured experimentally and modeled mathematically...
March 1, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29487468/prevalence-of-selected-sexually-transmitted-infection-sti-and-associated-factors-among-symptomatic-patients-attending-gondar-town-hospitals-and-health-centers
#19
Rozina Ambachew Geremew, Beyene Moges Agizie, Abate Assefa Bashaw, Mengistu Endris Seid, Addisu Gize Yeshanew
Background: Sexually transmitted infection (STI) is a major global cause of acute illness, infertility, long-term disability and death, with serious medical and psychological consequences to millions of men, women and infants. Moreover, in Ethiopia, epidemiological studies on STI among STI clinic clients are limited. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and associated risk factors of sexually transmitted infection (STI). Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted between April and August 2014 among STI clinic clients in Gondar Town hospitals and health centers...
November 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472173/co-designing-a-collaborative-chronic-care-network-c3n-for-inflammatory-bowel-disease-development-of-methods
#20
Michael Seid, George Dellal, Laura E Peterson, Lloyd Provost, Peter A Gloor, David Livingstone Fore, Peter A Margolis
BACKGROUND: Our health care system fails to deliver necessary results, and incremental system improvements will not deliver needed change. Learning health systems (LHSs) are seen as a means to accelerate outcomes, improve care delivery, and further clinical research; yet, few such systems exist. We describe the process of codesigning, with all relevant stakeholders, an approach for creating a collaborative chronic care network (C3N), a peer-produced networked LHS. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to report the methods used, with a diverse group of stakeholders, to translate the idea of a C3N to a set of actionable next steps...
February 22, 2018: JMIR Human Factors
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