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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102764/treatment-of-malaria-and-related-symptoms-using-traditional-herbal-medicine-in-ethiopia
#1
Sultan Suleman, Takele Beyene Tufa, Dereje Kebebe, Sileshi Belew, Yimer Mekonnen, Fanta Gashe, Seid Musa, Evelien Wynendaele, Luc Duchateau, Bart De Spiegeleer
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Medicinal plants have always been an integral part of different cultures in Ethiopia in the treatment of different illnesses including malaria and related symptoms. However, due to lack of proper documentation, urbanization, drought, acculturation and deforestation, there is an increased risk of losing this traditional knowledge. Hence, the use of the indigenous knowledge should be well documented and validated for potential future use. AIM OF THE STUDY: To gather and document information on medicinal plants which are used in the traditional treatment of malaria and related symptoms in Ethiopia...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068405/effect-of-built-up-edge-formation-during-stable-state-of-wear-in-aisi-304-stainless-steel-on-machining-performance-and-surface-integrity-of-the-machined-part
#2
Yassmin Seid Ahmed, German Fox-Rabinovich, Jose Mario Paiva, Terry Wagg, Stephen Clarence Veldhuis
During machining of stainless steels at low cutting -speeds, workpiece material tends to adhere to the cutting tool at the tool-chip interface, forming built-up edge (BUE). BUE has a great importance in machining processes; it can significantly modify the phenomenon in the cutting zone, directly affecting the workpiece surface integrity, cutting tool forces, and chip formation. The American Iron and Steel Institute (AISI) 304 stainless steel has a high tendency to form an unstable BUE, leading to deterioration of the surface quality...
October 25, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064276/predictors-of-acute-kidney-injury-in-patients-admitted-with-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction-results-from-the-bremen-stemi-registry
#3
Johannes Schmucker, Andreas Fach, Matthias Becker, Susanne Seide, Stefanie Bünger, Robert Zabrocki, Eduard Fiehn, Bettina Würmann-Busch, Hermann Pohlabeln, Kathrin Günther, Wolfgang Ahrens, Rainer Hambrecht, Harm Wienbergen
BACKGROUND: Deterioration of renal function after exposition to contrast media is a common problem in patients with myocardial infarction undergoing percutaneous coronary interventions. The aim of the present study was to assess the incidence of acute kidney injury in patients admitted with ST-elevation-myocardial infarction (STEMI) and its association with infarction severity, comorbidities and treatment modalities, including amount of contrast media applied. METHODS: All patients with STEMI from the metropolitan area of Bremen, Germany are treated at the Bremen Heart Centre and since 2006 documented in the Bremen STEMI-Registry...
June 1, 2017: European Heart Journal. Acute Cardiovascular Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057119/determinants-of-acute-malnutrition-among-children-aged-6-59-months-in-public-health-facilities-of-pastoralist-community-afar-region-northeast-ethiopia-a-case-control-study
#4
Anwar Seid, Berhanu Seyoum, Firehiwot Mesfin
BACKGROUND: In low income countries, acute malnutrition continues to be the most important risk factor for illnesses and deaths. The aim of this study was to assess the determinants of acute malnutrition among children aged 6-59 months. METHODS: A facility based unmatched case control study was employed on 420 (140 cases and 280 controls) children aged 6-59 months with their caregivers between January 20 and February 20, 2014. Data was analyzed using SPSS version 20...
2017: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037919/biomechanical-comparison-of-a-multidirectional-locking-plate-and-conventional-plates-for-the-osteosynthesis-of-mandibular-angle-fractures-a-preliminary-study
#5
Catarina Zimmermann, Anders Henningsen, Kai-Olaf Henkel, Jan Klatt, Christian Jürgens, Klaus Seide, Benjamin Kienast
PURPOSE: The objective of surgical fracture management is to reduce and fixate fractures accurately and rapidly. Two osteosynthesis plates are usually used in the treatment of mandibular angle fractures to enhance torsional stiffness. We conducted biomechanical tests under static and cyclic loading to assess whether a single locking plate is as efficacious as two conventional plates in the osteosynthesis of mandibular angle fractures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fracture gaps were created in synthetic mandible replicas...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032768/molluscicidal-effect-of-achyranthes-aspera-l-amaranthaceae-aqueous-extract-on-adult-snails-of-biomphalaria-pfeifferi-and-lymnaea-natalensis
#6
Belayhun Mandefro, Seid Tiku Mereta, Yinebeb Tariku, Argaw Ambelu
BACKGROUND: Intestinal schistosomiasis caused by Schistosoma mansoni is a wide spread disease in most parts of Ethiopian highlands. Snail control is one major strategy in schistosomiasis control. The use of molluscicidal plant products is becoming interesting due to their environmental friendliness, accessibility and easy application. This research is aimed to evaluate the molluscicidal effect of Achyranthes aspera on Biomphalaria pfeifferi and Lymnaea natalensis snails, which are of great medical and veterinary importance in Ethiopia...
October 16, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981712/patient-specific-dosimetry-for-pediatric-imaging-of-99mtc-dimercaptosuccinic-acid-with-gate-monte-carlo-code
#7
Mahmoud Bagheri, Ali Asghar Parach, Seid Kazem Razavi-Ratki, Reza Nafisi-Moghadam, Mohammad Ali Jelodari
In this study, radiation absorbed dose of 99mTc-dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) in critical organs was calculated using Monte Carlo simulation. Ten child patients with genitourinary abnormalities were imaged using a series of planar, SPECT and MRI, after injection with 99mTc-DMSA. Patient-specific organ segmentation was performed on MRI and used as input in GATE. Organs with substantial uptake included kidneys, bladder and liver. The mean organ absorbed dose coefficients (mGy/MBq) were 0.063, 0.058, 0.018, 0...
August 5, 2017: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979276/effects-of-temperature-stresses-on-the-resistance-of-chickpea-genotypes-and-aggressiveness-of-didymella-rabiei-isolates
#8
Seid Ahmed Kemal, Sanae Krimi Bencheqroun, Aladdin Hamwieh, Muhammad Imtiaz
Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) is an important food and rotation crop in many parts of the world. Cold (freezing and chilling temperatures) and Ascochyta blight (Didymella rabiei) are the major constraints in chickpea production. The effects of temperature stresses on chickpea susceptibility and pathogen aggressiveness are not well documented in the Cicer-Didymella pathosystem. Two experiments were conducted under controlled conditions using chickpea genotypes and pathogen isolates in 2011 and 2012. In Experiment 1, four isolates of D...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969612/willingness-to-donate-eyes-and-its-associated-factors-among-adults-in-gondar-town-north-west-ethiopia
#9
Mohammed Seid Hussen, Kbrom Legesse Gebreselassie, Asamere Tsegaw Woredekal, Nebiyat Feleke Adimassu
BACKGROUND: In Ethiopia, there is a substantial mismatch between need and supply of corneal transplant. Although corneal transplantation service is affected by various factors, willingness to donate eyes is an essential indicator of its availability, accessibility, and acceptability. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the magnitude of willingness to donate eyes and its associated factors, which help to develop appropriate strategies that can address this undersupply and unmet need...
October 2, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962781/production-of-pectin-whey-protein-nano-complexes-as-carriers-of-orange-peel-oil
#10
Sanaz Ghasemi, Seid Mahdi Jafari, Elham Assadpour, Morteza Khomeiri
Orange peel oil is one of the most common flavorings used in the food industry which is volatile under environmental conditions. Encapsulation is the best way to protect it and control its release. One of the nanoencapsulation systems for food bioactive ingredients is complexation method, which entraps the core materials in a complex of two different biopolymers. In this study, orange peel oil was nanoencapsulated by pectin-whey protein nanocomplexes. After determining the optimum nanocomplex suspensions containing orange peel oil based on the stability, viscosity, and color, they were formulated in three different pH values (3, 6 and 9) and converted into powdered forms by freeze drying...
December 1, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938873/socially-disadvantaged-city-districts-show-a-higher-incidence-of-acute-st-elevation-myocardial-infarctions-with-elevated-cardiovascular-risk-factors-and-worse-prognosis
#11
J Schmucker, S Seide, H Wienbergen, E Fiehn, J Stehmeier, K Günther, W Ahrens, R Hambrecht, H Pohlabeln, A Fach
BACKGROUND: The importance of socioeconomic status (SES) for coronary heart disease (CHD)-morbidity is subject of ongoing scientific investigations. This study was to explore the association between SES in different city-districts of Bremen/Germany and incidence, severity, treatment modalities and prognosis for patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarctions (STEMI). METHODS: Since 2006 all STEMI-patients from the metropolitan area of Bremen are documented in the Bremen STEMI-registry...
September 22, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862019/ajmq-newsletter-update-on-acmq-s-national-advocacy-efforts-to-advance-the-quality-field
#12
Donald E Casey, Beverly Collins, Arlene Seid, Jerry Abraham, Jason D Hall, Diana Huang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: American Journal of Medical Quality: the Official Journal of the American College of Medical Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804955/3m-052-as-an-adjuvant-for-a-plga-microparticle-based-leishmania-donovani-recombinant-protein-vaccine
#13
Qian Wang, Meagan A Barry, Christopher A Seid, Elissa M Hudspeth, C Patrick McAtee, Michael J Heffernan
It is believed that an effective vaccine against leishmaniasis will require a T helper type 1 (TH 1) immune response. In this study, we investigated the adjuvanticity of the Toll-like receptor (TLR) 7/8 agonist 3M-052 in combination with the Leishmania donovani 36-kDa nucleoside hydrolase recombinant protein antigen (NH36). NH36 and 3M-052 were encapsulated in separate batches of poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) microparticles (MPs). The loading efficiency for NH36 was 83% and for 3M-052 was above 95%. In vitro stimulation of bone marrow-derived dendritic cells, measured by IL-12 secretion, demonstrated that 3M-052 (free or MP-formulated) had a concentration-dependent immunostimulatory effect with an optimum concentration of 2 µg/mL...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766560/radiofrequency-electromagnetic-field-exposure-in-everyday-microenvironments-in-europe-a-systematic-literature-review
#14
Sanjay Sagar, Stefan Dongus, Anna Schoeni, Katharina Roser, Marloes Eeftens, Benjamin Struchen, Milena Foerster, Noëmi Meier, Seid Adem, Martin Röösli
The impact of the introduction and advancement in communication technology in recent years on exposure level of the population is largely unknown. The main aim of this study is to systematically review literature on the distribution of radiofrequency electromagnetic field (RF-EMF) exposure in the everyday environment in Europe and summarize key characteristics of various types of RF-EMF studies conducted in the European countries. We systematically searched the ISI Web of Science for relevant literature published between 1 January 2000 and 30 April 2015, which assessed RF-EMF exposure levels by any of the methods: spot measurements, personal measurement with trained researchers and personal measurement with volunteers...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720463/incidence-rates-of-guillain-barr%C3%A3-gbs-chronic-fatigue-systemic-exertion-intolerance-disease-cfs-seid-and-postural-orthostatic-tachycardia-syndrome-pots-prior-to-introduction-of-human-papilloma-virus-hpv-vaccination-among-adolescent-girls-in-finland-2002-2012
#15
J Skufca, J Ollgren, E Ruokokoski, O Lyytikäinen, H Nohynek
BACKGROUND: In Finland a vaccination programme against human papillomavirus (HPV) was introduced in November 2013 for girls aged 11-12 years with a catchup for girls 13-15 years. Allegations that HPV vaccine is causing Guillain Barré syndrome (GBS) and non-specific diagnostic entities, such as chronic fatigue syndrome/systemic exertion intolerance disease (CFS/SEID) and postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome (POTS), continue to surface. We examined population register-based incidence rates of CFS/SEID, GBS and POTS to provide baseline data for future HPV vaccine safety evaluations...
June 2017: Papillomavirus Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719846/preparation-characterization-and-application-of-tio2-patterned-polyimide-film-as-a-photocatalyst-for-oxidation-of-organic-contaminants
#16
Subramaniyan Ramasundaram, Mingizem Gashaw Seid, Wonseop Lee, Chan Ul Kim, Eun-Ju Kim, Seok Won Hong, Kyoung Jin Choi
Photocatalytically active TiO2-patterned polyimide (PI) films (PI-TiO2) were fabricated using thermal transfer patterning (TTP). When subjected to hot pressing, the TiO2 nanoparticles electrosprayed on steel mesh templates were successfully transferred and formed checker plate patterns on PI film. FE-SEM studies confirmed that pressing at 350°C and 100MPa was optimum for obtaining patterns with uniform TiO2 coverage. When the quantity of TiO2 on the template increased, the amount of it immobilized on PI film also increased from 0...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698885/the-effect-of-self-management-training-on-self-efficacy-of-cirrhotic-patients-referring-to-transplantation-center-of-nemazee-hospital-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#17
Parisa Mansouri, Maryam Ghadami, Seid Saeed Najafi, Shahrzad Yektatalab
BACKGROUND: Cirrhosis is a chronic and progressive disease that causes various complications for patients due to disturbance of the liver's usual function. Self-efficacy refers to an individual's belief in one's ability to perform the necessary behaviors to achieve one's goals. Self-management is also an important criterion for long-term change in behavior. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of self-management training on self-efficacy of patients suffering from liver cirrhosis...
July 2017: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693995/application-of-whey-protein-pectin-nano-complex-carriers-for-loading-of-lactoferrin
#18
Masoomeh Raei, Fakhri Shahidi, Majid Farhoodi, Seid Mahdi Jafari, Ali Rafe
Our aim was to entrap lactoferrin (LF) in complex nano-particles of whey protein isolate (WPI)-high methoxyl pectin (HMP) with the ratios of 2:1, 1:1, and 1:2 through acidification at pH values of 3, 3.5, and 4. The zeta-potential, size, sedimentable-complex yield, LF content, encapsulation efficiency, SEM, AFM, FTIR, and DSC of nano-particles were investigated. Our results revealed that almost all analyzed parameters of the final nano-particles were related to preparation pH value, WPI/HMP ratios, and acidification methods In both methods of pre- and post-acidification, the zeta potential was decreased via decreasing of pH from 4 to 3 and particle size was increased at higher HMP ratios to WPI...
December 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673348/anti-malarial-treatment-outcomes-in-ethiopia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Eyob Alemayehu Gebreyohannes, Akshaya Srikanth Bhagavathula, Mohammed Assen Seid, Henok Getachew Tegegn
BACKGROUND: Ethiopia is among countries with a high malaria burden. There are several studies that assessed the efficacy of anti-malarial agents in the country and this systematic review and meta-analysis was performed to obtain stronger evidence on treatment outcomes of malaria from the existing literature in Ethiopia. METHODS: A systematic literature search using the preferred reporting items for systematic review and meta-analysis (PRISMA) statement was conducted on studies from Pubmed, Google Scholar, and ScienceDirect databases to identify published and unpublished literature...
July 3, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603758/preparation-and-catalytic-activity-of-bone-char-ash-decorated-with-mgo-feno3-for-ozonation-of-reactive-black-5-dye-from-aqueous-solution-taguchi-optimization-data
#20
Ghorban Asgari, Somaye Akbari, Abdol Motaleb Seid Mohammadi, Ali Poormohammadi, Bahman Ramavandi
Reactive dye is one of the most applicable dyes in textile industries which its release to the water bodies creates a concern for environmentalists. Here, in this data article a bone-char (BC) ash decorated with MgO-FeNO3 for removing reactive black 5 (RB5) dye in a catalytic ozonation process (COP) system. Operational parameters data such as initial RB5 concentration, pH, catalyst dosage, and reaction time were optimized using Taguchi method. The optimal conditions for initial RB5 concentration, pH, catalyst dosage, and reaction time were determined 10 mg/L, 10, 0...
August 2017: Data in Brief
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