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Teng-Sing Wei, Bok Yeop Ahn, Julia Grotto, Jennifer A Lewis
The growing demand for rechargeable lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) with higher capacity in customized geometries underscores the need for new battery materials, architectures, and assembly strategies. Here, the design, fabrication, and electrochemical performance of fully 3D printed LIBs composed of thick semisolid electrodes that exhibit high areal capacity are reported. Specifically, semisolid cathode and anode inks, as well as UV curable packaging and separator inks for direct writing of LIBs in arbitrary geometries are created...
March 15, 2018: Advanced Materials
Bruno Sommacal, Miodrag Savic, Andreas Filippi, Sebastian Kühl, Florian M Thieringer
PURPOSE: To compare the suitability of a fused filament fabrication (FFF) consumer 3D printer with a professional digital light processing (DLP) printer for the production of surgical templates for guided oral implant surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eight virtual templates were printed with two different 3D printers. These were optically scanned and the incongruences between virtual and printed templates were determined after alignment of the surface scans and the virtual data...
March 15, 2018: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
Mario Fleischer, Alexander Mainka, Steffen Kürbis, Peter Birkholz
Recently, 3D printing has been increasingly used to create physical models of the vocal tract with geometries obtained from magnetic resonance imaging. These printed models allow measuring the vocal tract transfer function, which is not reliably possible in vivo for the vocal tract of living humans. The transfer functions enable the detailed examination of the acoustic effects of specific articulatory strategies in speaking and singing, and the validation of acoustic plane-wave models for realistic vocal tract geometries in articulatory speech synthesis...
2018: PloS One
Zishen Wang, Qin'e Zhang, Shichuan Long, Yangxi Luo, Peikai Yu, Zhibing Tan, Jie Bai, Baihua Qu, Yang Yang, Jia Shi, Hua Zhou, Zong-Yuan Xiao, Wenjing Hong, Hua Bai
We apply direct ink writing for the three-dimensional (3D) printing of polyaniline/reduced graphene oxide (PANI/RGO) with PANI/GO gel as printable ink. The PANI/GO gel inks for 3D printing are prepared via self-assembly of PANI and GO in a blend solvent of N-methyl-2-pyrrolidinone and water, and offer both shaping capability, self-sustainability, and electrical conductivity after reduction of GO. Interdigitated electrodes are fabricated by using the PANI/GO ink in 3D printing, and a planar solid-state supercapacitor is constructed, which exhibits high performance with specific capacitance of 1329 mF cm-2...
March 15, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Nirav Patel, Aidan Fagan-Murphy, Derek Covill, Bhavik Anil Patel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 15, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
Iain Rankin, Haroon Rehman, Mark Frame
Background: Traditional ACL reconstruction with non-anatomic techniques can demonstrate unsatisfactory long-term outcomes with regards instability and the degenerative knee changes observed with these results. Anatomic ACL reconstruction attempts to closely reproduce the patient's individual anatomic characteristics with the aim of restoring knee kinematics, in order to improve patient short and long-term outcomes. We designed an arthroscopic, patient-specific, ACL femoral tunnel guide to aid anatomical placement of the ACL graft within the femoral tunnel...
2018: Open Orthopaedics Journal
Tochukwu C Okwuosa, Cindy Soares, Verena Golwitzer, Rober Habashy, Peter Timmins, Mohamed A Alhnan
A method for the production of liquid capsules with the potential of modifying drug dose and release is presented. For the first time, the co-ordinated use of fused deposition modelling (FDM), 3D printing and liquid dispensing to fabricate individualised dosage form on demand in a fully automated fashion has been demonstrated. Polymethacrylate shells (Eudragit EPO and RL) for immediate and extended release were fabricated using FDM 3D printing and simultaneously filled using a computer-controlled liquid dispenser loaded with model drug solution (theophylline) or suspension (dipyridamole)...
March 11, 2018: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
F L Chan, R House, I Kudla, J C Lipszyc, N Rajaram, S M Tarlo
Background: 3D printers emit potentially hazardous ultrafine particles and volatile organic compounds. Workers using 3D printing technologies may be at risk of respiratory illness from occupational exposure. Aims: To assess whether 3D printing is associated with health effects in occupational users. Methods: This was a preliminary survey. Workers in 17 companies using 3D printing, including commercial prototyping businesses, educational institutions and public libraries, in the Greater Toronto Area, Canada, were asked to complete survey questionnaires concerning demographic, occupational and health information...
March 10, 2018: Occupational Medicine
Alexander Pavlosky, Jennifer Glauche, Spencer Chambers, Mahmoud Al-Alawi, Kliment Yanev, Tarek Loubani
The modern acoustic stethoscope is a useful clinical tool used to detect subtle, pathological changes in cardiac, pulmonary and vascular sounds. Currently, brand-name stethoscopes are expensive despite limited innovations in design or fabrication in recent decades. Consequently, the high cost of high quality, brand name models serves as a barrier to clinicians practicing in various settings, especially in low- and middle-income countries. In this publication, we describe the design and validation of a low-cost open-access (Free/Libre) 3D-printed stethoscope which is comparable to the Littmann Cardiology III for use in low-access clinics...
2018: PloS One
Vlad Ciobotaru, Nicolas Combes, Claire A Martin, Eloi Marijon, Eric Maupas, Augustin Bortone, Eric Bruguière, Jean-Benoit Thambo, Emmanuel Teiger, Pénélope Pujadas-Berthault, Julien Ternacle, Xavier Iriart
AIMS: To assess the predictive value of simulation based on 3D-printed models before left atrial appendage occlusion (LAAO) for peri-device leaks (PDL) and the impact on procedural outcomes compared to conventional imaging. METHODS AND RESULTS: 76 patients referred for LAAO with double disc device underwent construction of a 3D-printed LA model using flexible photopolymer resin. An implant simulation was performed retrospectively in Group 1 (55 patients), blinded to implanted device size, and prospectively in Group 2 (21 patients)...
March 13, 2018: EuroIntervention
Joseph Tracey, Danny Arora, Christopher E Gross, Selene G Parekh
BACKGROUND: Third generation total talar prostheses (TTPs) are viable options for talar avascular necrosis (AVN) in the absence of neighboring joint pathology. The use of modern three-dimensional (3D) printing allows the production of custom implants that exactly mimic the patient's anatomy. The aim of this study is to determine the accuracy of 3D printing in reproducing a synthetic talus and, in doing so, restoring more normal anatomical relationships. We hypothesize that this mode of replication will restore and maintain normal radiographic alignment of the ankle, subtalar, and forefoot joints in the setting of talar AVN...
March 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle Specialist
Chengpeng Chen, Alexandra D Townsend, Elizabeth A Hayter, Hannah M Birk, Scott A Sell, R Scott Martin
We present an insert-based approach to fabricate scalable and multiplexable microfluidic devices for 3D cell culture and integration with downstream detection modules. Laser-cut inserts with a layer of electrospun fibers are used as a scaffold for 3D cell culture, with the inserts being easily assembled in a 3D-printed fluidic device for flow-based studies. With this approach, the number and types of cells (on the inserts) in one fluidic device can be customized. Moreover, after an investigation (i.e., stimulation) under flowing conditions, the cell-laden inserts can be removed easily for subsequent studies including imaging and cell lysis...
March 14, 2018: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Michael A Luzuriaga, Danielle R Berry, John C Reagan, Ronald A Smaldone, Jeremiah J Gassensmith
Biodegradable polymer microneedle (MN) arrays are an emerging class of transdermal drug delivery devices that promise a painless and sanitary alternative to syringes; however, prototyping bespoke needle architectures is expensive and requires production of new master templates. Here, we present a new microfabrication technique for MNs using fused deposition modeling (FDM) 3D printing using polylactic acid, an FDA approved, renewable, biodegradable, thermoplastic material. We show how this natural degradability can be exploited to overcome a key challenge of FDM 3D printing, in particular the low resolution of these printers...
March 14, 2018: Lab on a Chip
Sarah J Trenfield, Atheer Awad, Alvaro Goyanes, Simon Gaisford, Abdul W Basit
3D printing (3DP) is forecast to be a highly revolutionary technology within the pharmaceutical sector. In particular, the main benefits of 3DP lie in the production of small batches of medicines, each with tailored dosages, shapes, sizes and release characteristics. The manufacture of medicines in this way may finally lead to the concept of personalised medicines becoming a reality. In the shorter term, 3DP could be extended throughout the drug development process, ranging from preclinical development and clinical trials, through to frontline medical care...
March 10, 2018: Trends in Pharmacological Sciences
Susan C Shelmerdine, John Ciaran Hutchinson, Safa Al-Sarraj, Nat Cary, Tim Dawson, Daniel Du Plessis, Paul G Ince, Siobhan McLaughlin, Liina Palm, Colin Smith, Neil Stoodley, Rick van Rijn, Owen J Arthurs, Thomas S Jacques
AIMS: To develop an expert consensus statement regarding appropriate clinical and forensic post-mortem neurological imaging. METHODS: An expert panel of clinicians were recruited from registered members of the British Neuropathological Society (BNS) and the International Society of Forensic Radiology and Imaging (ISFRI) with post-mortem expertise. Following a focus group meeting, 16 core statements were incorporated into an online modified Delphi survey and each panellist was asked to score their level of agreement...
March 13, 2018: Neuropathology and Applied Neurobiology
Keisuke Sugahara, Yoshiharu Katsumi, Masahide Koyachi, Yu Koyama, Satoru Matsunaga, Kento Odaka, Shinichi Abe, Masayuki Takano, Akira Katakura
Background: Along with the advances in technology of three-dimensional (3D) printer, it became a possible to make more precise patient-specific 3D model in the various fields including oral and maxillofacial surgery. When creating 3D models of the mandible and maxilla, it is easier to make a single unit with a fused temporomandibular joint, though this results in poor operability of the model. However, while models created with a separate mandible and maxilla have operability, it can be difficult to fully restore the position of the condylar after simulation...
December 2018: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Wataru Jomoto, Masao Tanooka, Hiroshi Doi, Keisuke Kikuchi, Chiemi Mitsuie, Yusuke Yamada, Toru Suzuki, Toshiko Yamano, Reiichi Ishikura, Noriko Kotoura, Shingo Yamamoto
We sought to develop a surgical navigation system using magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) and a three-dimensional (3D) printer for robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP). Six patients with pathologically proven localized prostate cancer were prospectively enrolled in this study. Prostate magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), consisting of T2-weighted sampling perfection with application-optimized contrasts using different flip-angle evolutions (SPACE) and true fast imaging with steady-state precession (true FISP), reconstructed by volume rendering, was followed by dynamic contrast-enhanced MRA performed with a volumetric interpolated breath-hold examination (VIBE) during intravenous bolus injection of gadobutrol...
January 2, 2018: Curēus
Yang Ju, Heping Xie, Xi Zhao, Lingtao Mao, Zhangyu Ren, Jiangtao Zheng, Fu-Pen Chiang, Yongliang Wang, Feng Gao
Quantitative visualization and characterization of stress-field evolution during fracture rapid growth is critical for understanding the mechanisms that govern the deformation and failure of solids in various engineering applications. However, the direct capture and accurate characterization of a rapidly-changing stress field during crack propagation remains a challenge. We report an experimental method to quantitatively visualize and characterize rapid evolution of the stress-field during crack propagation in a transparent disc model containing a penetrating fusiform crack...
March 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
Yang Ju, Zhangyu Ren, Lingtao Mao, Fu-Pen Chiang
Providing a quantitative description of the whole-field stress evolution in complex structures subjected to continuous loading processes using traditional photoelastic approaches is a significant challenge because of the difficulties with fabricating complex structures, identifying the stress distribution and evolution, and unwrapping isochromatic phase maps. To overcome the challenges, we proposed a novel method to quantify the continuous whole-field stress evolution in a complex porous structure that was fabricated with 3D printing technology...
March 5, 2018: Optics Express
G Zhou, K P Wang, H W Liu, L Wang, X F Xiao, D D Dou, Y B Fan
Owing to low bearing capacity and efficiency, traditional filters or adsorbents for removal of contaminants like crystal violet (CV) dye required frequent replacement. Besides, the combination of three-dimensional (3D) printing and bionics could break the constraints of traditional configuration. In this study, a novel depth-type hybrid polylactic acid (PLA)@graphene oxide (GO)/chitosan (CS) sponge filter with bionic fish-mouth structure was prepared and fabricated, assisted by 3D printing and double freeze-drying technology, according to the theories of vertical cross-step filtration and swirling flow...
March 9, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
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