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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935102/differential-expression-of-newly-identified-long-intergenic-non-coding-rnas-in-buffalo-oocytes-indicating-their-possible-role-in-maturation-and-embryonic-development
#1
Sunny Dholpuria, Manish Kumar, Sandeep Kumar, Parul Sarwalia, Sandeep Rajput, Rakesh Kumar, Sachinandan De, Tirtha Kumar Datta
Female germ cell and its intricate milieu regulate key processes of folliculogenesis and early embryonic development. However, the composition and dynamics of the oocyte transcriptome defines its future fertilizing ability which in turn depends on a number of oocyte specific genes whose identities are still unknown. In this context, the construction of buffalo oocyte specific subtracted cDNA library has raised fresh challenges of defining the importance of a battery of oocyte expressed transcripts in oocyte maturation...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933986/red-cabbage-microgreens-lower-circulating-low-density-lipoprotein-ldl-liver-cholesterol-and-inflammatory-cytokines-in-mice-fed-a-high-fat-diet
#2
Haiqiu Huang, Xiaojing Jiang, Zhenlei Xiao, Lu Yu, Quynhchi Pham, Jianghao Sun, Pei Chen, Wallace Yokoyama, Liangli Lucy Yu, Yaguang Sunny Luo, Thomas T Y Wang
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death in the United States, and hypercholesterolemia is a major risk factor. Population studies, as well as animal and intervention studies, support the consumption of a variety of vegetables as a means to reduce CVD risk through modulation of hypercholesterolemia. Microgreens of a variety of vegetables and herbs have been reported to be more nutrient dense compared to their mature counterparts. However, little is known about the effectiveness of microgreens in affecting lipid and cholesterol levels...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931365/membrane-processes
#3
Marie-Laure Pellegrin, Marie S Burbano, Mary E Sadler, Jason Diamond, Simon Baker, Anthony D Greiner, Sara Arabi, Joseph Wong, Alexandra Doody, Lokesh P Padhye, Keith Sears, Peter Kistenmacher, Fraser Kent, Leila Tootchi, Jorge Aguinaldo, Sara Saddredini, Bill Schilling, Kyungnan Min, Robert McCandless, Bryce Danker, Neranga P Gamage, Sunny Wang, Peter Aerts
This review, for literature published in 2015, contains information related to membrane processes for municipal and industrial applications. This review is a subsection of the Treatment Systems section of the annual Water Environment Federation literature review and covers the following topics: pretreatment, membrane bioreactor (MBR) configuration, design, nutrient removal, operation, industrial treatment, anaerobic membrane systems, reuse, microconstituents removal, membrane technology advances, membrane fouling, and modeling...
October 2016: Water Environment Research: a Research Publication of the Water Environment Federation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930394/the-changing-face-of-epidemiology-gender-disparities-in-citations
#4
Enrique F Schisterman, Chandra W Swanson, Ya-Ling Lu, Sunni L Mumford
BACKGROUND: Female biomedical scientists tend to publish fewer articles as last author than their male colleagues and accrue fewer citations per publication. We seek to understand whether epidemiology follows this pattern. METHODS: We gathered aggregate information on the current gender distribution of epidemiology departments (n=29 of 71 surveyed), societies (n=4 of 8), and journal editorial boards (n=6 of 6) using two online surveys and publicly available online information...
December 1, 2016: Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923264/nationwide-access-to-an-internet-based-contingency-management-intervention-to-promote-smoking-cessation-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Jesse Dallery, Bethany R Raiff, Sunny Jung Kim, Lisa A Marsch, Maxine Stitzer, Michael J Grabinski
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Contingency management (CM) is one of the most effective behavioral interventions to promote drug abstinence, but availability of this treatment is limited. We evaluated the efficacy and acceptability of Internet-based CM relative to an Internet-based monitoring and goal setting control group in a nationwide sample of cigarette smokers. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial with 3- and 6-month follow ups. SETTING: USA. PARTICIPANTS: Smokers (nā€‰=ā€‰94) from 26 states were enrolled (mean age 36, 56% female)...
December 6, 2016: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915077/how-do-government-regulations-influence-the-ability-to-practice-chinese-herbal-medicine-in-western-countries
#6
Tom Fleischer, Yi-Chang Su, Sunny Jui-Shan Lin
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The regulation policies of substances used in Chinese Herbal Medicine (CHM), have a direct influence on the ability of health providers to practice in the clinic. AIM OF THE STUDY: We set out to assess the truth behind the assumption that practice of CHM in the west is constrained by the regulations imposed by authorities in western countries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: For the first part of our study we surveyed and compiled lists of banned and restricted Chinese Materia Medica (CMM) from six countries: USA, UK, Germany, Israel, Canada and Australia...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911188/tuning-the-ribosome-the-influence-of-rrna-modification-on-eukaryotic-ribosome-biogenesis-and-function
#7
Katherine E Sloan, Ahmed S Warda, Sunny Sharma, Karl-Dieter Entian, Denis L J Lafontaine, Markus T Bohnsack
Ribosomal RNAs are extensively modified during their transcription and subsequent maturation in the nucleolus, nucleus and cytoplasm. RNA modifications, which are installed either by snoRNA-guided or by stand-alone enzymes, generally stabilise the structure of the ribosome. However, they also cluster at functionally important sites of the ribosome, such as the peptidyltransferase centre and the decoding site, where they facilitate efficient and accurate protein synthesis. The recent identification of sites of substoichiometric 2'-O-methylation and pseudouridylation has overturned the notion that all rRNA modifications are constitutively present on ribosomes, highlighting nucleotide modifications as an important source of ribosomal heterogeneity...
December 2, 2016: RNA Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900975/renal-fluid-overload-diagnosed-by-retinal-optical-coherence-tomography-scanning
#8
Sunny M Kar, Thanh-Giao Nguyen, Sneha Rathod, Saad Shaikh, Pran M Kar
Fluid overload is one of the major findings in patients with end-stage renal disease. Common findings in fluid overload include shortness of breath, pedal edema, ascites, and pericardial effusion. Rarely, vision loss can be associated with decompensated systemic fluid status. In the following case, we report an unusual case of vision loss due to retinal edema as a result of fluid overload diagnosed and followed to resolution by optical coherence tomography testing.
November 2016: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898002/design-of-a-solar-tracking-system-using-the-brightest-region-in-the-sky-image-sensor
#9
Ching-Chuan Wei, Yu-Chang Song, Chia-Chi Chang, Chuan-Bi Lin
Solar energy is certainly an energy source worth exploring and utilizing because of the environmental protection it offers. However, the conversion efficiency of solar energy is still low. If the photovoltaic panel perpendicularly tracks the sun, the solar energy conversion efficiency will be improved. In this article, we propose an innovative method to track the sun using an image sensor. In our method, it is logical to assume the points of the brightest region in the sky image representing the location of the sun...
November 25, 2016: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895280/effectiveness-of-albendazole-for-hookworm-varies-widely-by-community-and-correlates-with-nutritional-factors-a-cross-sectional-study-of-school-age-children-in-ghana
#10
Debbie Humphries, Sara Nguyen, Sunny Kumar, Josephine E Quagraine, Joseph Otchere, Lisa M Harrison, Michael Wilson, Michael Cappello
Mass drug administration (MDA) targeting school-age children is recommended by the World Health Organization for the global control of soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infections. Although considered safe and cost-effective to deliver, benzimidazole anthelminthics are variably effective against the three most common STNs, and widespread use has raised concern about the potential for emerging resistance. To identify factors mediating response to albendazole, we conducted a cross-sectional study of hookworm infection in the Kintampo North Municipality of Ghana in 2011...
November 28, 2016: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890015/the-involvement-of-regulatory-non-coding-rnas-in-sepsis-a-systematic-review
#11
Jeffery Ho, Hung Chan, Sunny H Wong, Maggie H T Wang, Jun Yu, Zhangang Xiao, Xiaodong Liu, Gordon Choi, Czarina C H Leung, Wai T Wong, Zheng Li, Tony Gin, Matthew T V Chan, William K K Wu
BACKGROUND: Sepsis coincides with altered gene expression in different tissues. Accumulating evidence has suggested that microRNAs, long non-coding RNAs, and circular RNAs are important molecules involved in the crosstalk with various pathways pertinent to innate immunity, mitochondrial functions, and apoptosis. METHODS: We searched articles indexed in PubMed (MEDLINE), EMBASE and Europe PubMed Central databases using the Medical Subject Heading (MeSH) or Title/Abstract words ("microRNA", "long non-coding RNA", "circular RNA", "sepsis" and/or "septic shock") from inception to Sep 2016...
November 28, 2016: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888978/vulnerability-stress-and-support-in-the-disease-trajectory-from-prodrome-to-diagnosed-schizophrenia-diathesis-stress-support-model
#12
REVIEW
Sunny Chieh Cheng, Elaine Walsh, Karen G Schepp
Schizophrenia is a debilitating psychiatric disorder seen across the world. The goal of current research is to provide a more comprehensive understanding of prodrome, the initial period before the disease manifests as schizophrenia. Unfortunately, there is little information to comprehensively understand the indicators that later lead to schizophrenia. This has resulted in a lack of scientific knowledge to aid in early identification and intervention by psychiatric nurses or school nurses. Such information could inform nursing assessment and care plan development...
December 2016: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888974/early-intervention-in-schizophrenia-a-literature-review
#13
REVIEW
Sunny Chieh Cheng, Karen G Schepp
Schizophrenia is a debilitating psychiatric disorder seen across the world. Recently, investigators have witnessed an upsurge in research on the potential benefits of early intervention during the prodromal stage: the sooner people start the treatment at their first psychotic episode, the better outcome on symptom relief and better functioning. This paper aims to critically review and synthesize empirical evidence published between 2005 and 2015 regarding the effectiveness of preemptive interventions on transition rate, symptom severity, depression, anxiety, and function level...
December 2016: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881593/dairy-food-intake-is-associated-with-reproductive-hormones-and-sporadic-anovulation-among-healthy-premenopausal-women
#14
Keewan Kim, Jean Wactawski-Wende, Kara A Michels, Torie C Plowden, Ellen N Chaljub, Lindsey A Sjaarda, Sunni L Mumford
BACKGROUND: Dairy food intake has been associated with infertility; however, little is known with regard to associations with reproductive hormones or anovulation. OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether intakes of dairy foods and specific nutrients were associated with reproductive hormone concentrations across the cycle and the risk of sporadic anovulation among healthy women. METHODS: We prospectively measured serum reproductive hormones ā‰¤8 times/menstrual cycle for 2 cycles from 259 regularly menstruating women (mean age: 27...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881233/do-people-with-schizophrenia-experience-more-negative-emotion-and-less-positive-emotion-in-their-daily-lives-a-meta-analysis-of-experience-sampling-studies
#15
Hyein Cho, Rachel Gonzalez, Lindsey M Lavaysse, Sunny Pence, Daniel Fulford, David E Gard
Research on emotion experience in response to valenced stimuli has consistently shown that people with schizophrenia have the capacity to experience emotion. Specifically, people with schizophrenia report similar experiences to both positive and negative emotion-eliciting stimuli as individuals without the disorder. However, it is less clear if people with schizophrenia experience similar levels of positive emotion and negative emotion outside of standardized laboratory contexts, as in their daily lives. One reliable method for assessing emotion experience in schizophrenia has been the Experience Sampling Method (ESM), or Ecological Momentary Assessment (EMA)...
November 21, 2016: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878766/the-role-of-patient-navigation-on-colorectal-cancer-screening-completion-and-education-a-review-of-the-literature
#16
Ajeesh Sunny, Luis Rustveld
Although the general assumption is that patient navigation helps patients adhere to CRC screening recommendations, concrete evidence for its effectiveness is still currently under investigation. The present literature review was conducted to explore effectiveness of patient navigation and education on colorectal cancer (CRC) screening completion in medically underserved populations. Data collection included PubMed, Google Scholar, and Cochrane reviews searches. Study inclusion criteria included randomized controlled trials and prospective investigations that included an intervention and control group...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875477/smartphone-based-arrhythmia-monitoring
#17
Paul Garabelli, Stavros Stavrakis, Sunny Po
The use of smartphones for arrhythmia monitoring is another leap for ECG utilization and arrhythmia detection - effectively taking the technology to any smartphone user. Smart wearable technology, while very common, is limited mostly to activity tracking and exercise motivation. Rhythm strip generating smartphone products (Kardia Mobile by AliveCor and ECG Check by Cardiac Designs) are more powerful at arrhythmia detection than wearable monitors. These products, which have been studied in a variety of situations, rely on an external device with metal sensors to create a rhythm strip, which is usually Lead I...
January 2017: Current Opinion in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870507/stress-and-reward-processing-in-bipolar-disorder-a-functional-magnetic-resonance-imaging-study
#18
Lisa H Berghorst, Poornima Kumar, Doug N Greve, Thilo Deckersbach, Dost Ongur, Sunny J Dutra, Diego A Pizzagalli
OBJECTIVES: A link between negative life stress and the onset of mood episodes in bipolar disorder (BD) has been established, but processes underlying such a link remain unclear. Growing evidence suggests that stress can negatively affect reward processing and related neurobiological substrates, indicating that a dysregulated reward system may provide a partial explanation. The aim of this study was to test the impact of stress on reward-related neural functioning in BD. METHODS: Thirteen euthymic or mildly depressed individuals with BD and 15 controls performed a Monetary Incentive Delay (MID) task while undergoing functional magnetic resonance imaging during no-stress and stress (negative psychosocial stressor involving poor performance feedback and threat of monetary deductions) conditions...
November 2016: Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866161/self-administered-assessment-of-health-literacy-in-adolescents-using-the-newest-vital-sign
#19
Lauren A Linnebur, Sunny A Linnebur
The "Newest Vital Sign" (NVS) is a validated health literacy assessment tool typically administered by clinicians. The objective of this study was to assess if the NVS could be self-administered in adolescents to measure health literacy. Sixth graders in a Colorado middle school were provided a self-administered survey containing the NVS, a section for parent permission, and a section for the student's age, gender, grade, and previous elementary school. In all, 167 sixth graders returned usable surveys (45% return rate), and the average health literacy score was 3...
November 18, 2016: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861708/high-dose-monthly-vitamin-d-for-prevention-of-acute-respiratory-infection-in-older-long-term-care-residents-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#20
Adit A Ginde, Patrick Blatchford, Keith Breese, Lida Zarrabi, Sunny A Linnebur, Jeffrey I Wallace, Robert S Schwartz
OBJECTIVES: To determine the efficacy and safety of high-dose vitamin D supplementation for prevention of acute respiratory infection (ARI) in older long-term care residents. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial investigating high-dose vs standard-dose vitamin D from 2010 to 2014. SETTING: Colorado long-term care facilities. PARTICIPANTS: Long-term care residents aged 60 and older (n = 107). INTERVENTION: The high-dose group received monthly supplement of vitamin D3 100,000 IU, the standard-dose group received a monthly placebo (for participants taking 400-1,000 IU/d as part of usual care) or a monthly supplement of 12,000 IU of vitamin D3 (for participants taking <400 IU/d as part of usual care)...
November 16, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
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