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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543884/psychological-factors-related-to-donation-behaviour-among-chinese-adults-results-from-a-longitudinal-investigation
#1
H Hu, T Wang, Q Fu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Little is known about the psychological factors currently influencing blood donation in China. This study investigated the structure of psychological factors and their correlation with donation behaviour of adults in a transforming city in China over a 6-month period. METHODS: Participants were recruited in Nanjing from May 2013 to April 2014. Preliminary focus group interviews with 102 participants were conducted to generate new items for a Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB) questionnaire...
May 22, 2017: Transfusion Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542871/interpretation-as-freud-s-specific-action-and-bion-s-container-contained
#2
Chris Mawson
This is a paper showing how a concept central to the work of Wilfred Bion, and one of Klein's important recommendations concerning the practice of analysis with adults and small children, can both be seen in the light of Freud's earliest formulation of the origin of anxiety and the mother's first responses to her infant in distress. In the paper I suggest that these clinically influential concepts of Klein and Bion show an underlying consistency and affinity with Freud's early ideas about the management of anxiety in the mother-infant relationship, described in two of his pre-psychoanalytic writings, How Anxiety Originates (1894b), and The Project for a Scientific Psychology (1950 [1895])...
May 25, 2017: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542578/illness-experiences-of-diabetes-in-the-context-of-malaria-in-settings-experiencing-double-burden-of-disease-in-southeastern-tanzania
#3
Emmy Metta, Ajay Bailey, Flora Kessy, Eveline Geubbels, Hinke Haisma
BACKGROUND: Tanzania is doubly burdened with both non-communicable and infectious diseases, but information on how Tanzanians experience the co-existence of these conditions is limited. Using Kleinman's eight prompting questions the study synthesizes explanatory models from patients to describe common illness experiences of diabetes in a rural setting where malaria is the predominant health threat. METHODS: We conducted 17 focus group discussions with adult members of the general community, diabetes patients, neighbours and relatives of diabetes patients to gain insight into shared experiences...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542024/omega-6-omega-3-pufa-ratio-pain-functioning-and-distress-in-adults-with-knee-pain
#4
Kimberly T Sibille, Christopher King, Timothy J Garrett, Toni L Glover, Hang Zhang, Huaihou Chen, Divya Reddy, Burel R Goodin, Adriana Sotolongo, Megan E Petrov, Yenisel Cruz-Almeida, Matthew Herbert, Emily J Bartley, Jeffrey C Edberg, Roland Staud, David T Redden, Laurence A Bradley, Roger B Fillingim
OBJECTIVES: Osteoarthritis (OA) is associated with inflammation, chronic pain, functional limitations, and psychosocial distress. High Omega-3 (n-3) polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are associated with lower levels of inflammatory mediators, anti-nociception, and adaptive cognitive/emotional functioning. High Omega-6 (n-6) PUFAs are associated with inflammation, nociception, and psychological distress. While findings related to n-3 supplementation in knee OA are mixed, consideration of the n-6:n-3 ratio and additional outcome measures may provide improved understanding of the potential relevance of these fatty acids in OA...
May 24, 2017: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541062/antisocial-and-human-capital-pathways-to-socioeconomic-exclusion-a-42-year-prospective-study
#5
Jukka Savolainen, W Alex Mason, Anna-Liisa Lyyra, Lea Pulkkinen, Katja Kokko
Nordic welfare states have been very successful at reducing poverty and inequality among their citizens. However, the presence of a strong social safety net in these countries has not solved the problem of socioeconomic exclusion, manifesting in such outcomes as chronic unemployment and welfare dependency. In an effort to understand this phenomenon, the current study builds on the assumption that psychological risk factors emerge as important determinants of socioeconomic disadvantage in an environment where ascribed characteristics have less impact on educational and occupational attainment...
May 25, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541057/promoting-resilience-in-stress-management-for-parents-prism-p-an-intervention-for-caregivers-of-youth-with-serious-illness
#6
Joyce P Yi-Frazier, Kaitlyn Fladeboe, Victoria Klein, Lauren Eaton, Claire Wharton, Elizabeth McCauley, Abby R Rosenberg
INTRODUCTION: It is well-known that parental stress and coping impacts the well-being of children with serious illness. The current study aimed to evaluate the feasibility and satisfaction of a novel resilience promoting intervention, the Promoting Resilience in Stress Management Intervention for Parents (PRISM-P) among parents of adolescents and young adults with Type 1 diabetes or cancer. Secondary analyses explored the effect of the PRISM-P on parent-reported resilience and distress...
May 25, 2017: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539897/long-term-effects-of-haematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-after-pediatric-cancer-a-qualitative-analysis-of-life-experiences-and-adaptation-strategies
#7
Magali Lahaye, Isabelle Aujoulat, Christiane Vermylen, Bénédicte Brichard
Haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) improves the survival rate of children and adolescents with malignant and non-malignant conditions; however, the physical, psychological and social burden of such a procedure is considerable both during and after treatment. The present qualitative study investigated the long-term effects of HSCT after pediatric cancer. Thirty adolescent and young adult (AYA) survivors (Mage = 23.61 years, SD = 5.21) participated in individual interviews and were invited to speak about their life experiences following their treatment and strategies they use to deal with their past medical experiences and the long-term sequelae...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539379/the-effect-of-nutrition-training-for-health-care-staff-on-learner-and-patient-outcomes-in-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Owen Marples, Christine Baldwin, C Elizabeth Weekes
Background: Nutrition training for health care staff has been prioritized internationally as a key means of tackling malnutrition; however, there is a lack of clear evidence to support its implementation. Systematic reviews in other fields of training for health care staff indicate that training strategies may have a beneficial impact on learner and patient outcomes.Objectives: We assessed whether nutrition training for health care staff caring for nutritionally vulnerable adults resulted in improved learner and patient outcomes and evaluated the effectiveness of different training strategies...
May 24, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539304/emindlog-self-measurement-of-anxiety-and-depression-using-mobile-technology
#9
Thomas M Penders, Karl L Wuensch, Philip T Ninan
BACKGROUND: Quantifying anxiety and depressive experiences permits individuals to calibrate where they are and monitor intervention-associated changes. eMindLog is a novel self-report measure for anxiety and depression that is grounded in psychology with an organizing structure based on neuroscience. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to explore the psychometric properties of eMindLog in a nonclinical sample of subjects. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study of eMindLog, a convenience sample of 198 adults provided informed consent and completed eMindLog and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) as a reference...
May 24, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539302/diversity-in-older-adults-use-of-the-internet-identifying-subgroups-through-latent-class-analysis
#10
Leonieke C van Boekel, Sebastiaan Tm Peek, Katrien G Luijkx
BACKGROUND: As for all individuals, the Internet is important in the everyday life of older adults. Research on older adults' use of the Internet has merely focused on users versus nonusers and consequences of Internet use and nonuse. Older adults are a heterogeneous group, which may implicate that their use of the Internet is diverse as well. Older adults can use the Internet for different activities, and this usage can be of influence on benefits the Internet can have for them. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper was to describe the diversity or heterogeneity in the activities for which older adults use the Internet and determine whether diversity is related to social or health-related variables...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538939/quality-of-life-and-associated-characteristics-application-of-whoqol-bref-in-the-context-of-primary-health-care
#11
Celline Cardoso Almeida-Brasil, Micheline Rosa Silveira, Kátia Rodrigues Silva, Marina Guimarães Lima, Christina Danielli Coelho de Morais Faria, Claudia Lins Cardoso, Hans-Joachim Karl Menzel, Maria das Graças Braga Ceccato
This study aimed to identify the characteristics associated to quality of life (QOL) in users of four Basic Health Units (Unidades Básicas de Saúde, UBS) in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais. We conducted a cross-sectional study with 930 adult users enrolled in the selected UBS, using a questionnaire containing the WHOQOL-bref instrument and questions about sociodemographic characteristics, lifestyle and health conditions. Following descriptive analysis, we performed simple and multiple linear regression to evaluate the association between the exposure variables and the QOL domains...
May 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536810/fibromyalgia-treating-pain-in-the-juvenile-patient
#12
REVIEW
Sabrina Gmuca, David D Sherry
Presently, evidence for the efficacy of medications for the treatment of juvenile fibromyalgia syndrome (JFMS) is limited. While there are medications approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (duloxetine, milnacipran and pregabalin) for adults with fibromyalgia syndrome, there are none for the treatment of JFMS. A variety of medications have been prescribed for the treatment of JFMS, including (but not limited to) non-opioid analgesics, opioids, anticonvulsants, antidepressants, and muscle relaxants...
May 23, 2017: Paediatric Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536519/apathy-and-executive-function-in-healthy-elderly-resting-state-fmri-study
#13
Toshikazu Kawagoe, Keiichi Onoda, Shuhei Yamaguchi
Apathy is a quantitative reduction in goal-directed behaviors, having three subtypes. Despite executive deterioration in healthy aging, researchers have not investigated the "cognitive-deficit" subtype of apathy in healthy populations, which would result from executive dysfunction. We hypothesized that a relationship between apathy and executive function (EF) would be found in healthy older adults, accompanied with neural deterioration with functional dysconnectivity between the striatum and frontal region as suggested by previous studies...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536168/psychiatric-hospitalization-increases-short-term-risk-of-stroke
#14
Jonah P Zuflacht, Yuefan Shao, Ian M Kronish, Donald Edmondson, Mitchell S V Elkind, Hooman Kamel, Amelia K Boehme, Joshua Z Willey
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Recent evidence suggests that psychological distress, including the symptoms of psychiatric illness, may acutely increase the risk of stroke. However, existing studies are limited by small sample sizes, inherent recall bias, and poorly defined criteria for what constitutes psychological distress. METHODS: We analyzed administrative data from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project for the state of California from 2007 to 2009 using a case-crossover design...
May 23, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535248/effects-of-work-family-conflict-and-job-insecurity-on-psychological-distress
#15
M Mutambudzi, Z Javed, S Kaul, J Prochaska, M K Peek
Background: Work-family conflict (WFC) and job insecurity are important determinants of workers' mental health. Aims: To examine the relationship between WFC and psychological distress, and the co-occurring effects of WFC and job insecurity on distress in US working adults. Methods: This study used cross-sectional data from the 2010 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) for adults aged 18-64 years. The 2010 NHIS included occupational data from the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) sponsored Occupational Health Supplement...
May 23, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535241/management-of-depression-in-older-adults-a-review
#16
Rob M Kok, Charles F Reynolds
Importance: Depression in older adults is a common psychiatric disorder affecting their health-related quality of life. Major depression occurs in 2% of adults aged 55 years or older, and its prevalence rises with increasing age. In addition, 10% to 15% of older adults have clinically significant depressive symptoms, even in the absence of major depression. Observations: Depression presents with the same symptoms in older adults as it does in younger populations...
May 23, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534243/elevated-prevalence-of-suicide-attempts-among-victims-of-police-violence-in-the-usa
#17
Jordan E DeVylder, Jodi J Frey, Courtney D Cogburn, Holly C Wilcox, Tanya L Sharpe, Hans Y Oh, Boyoung Nam, Bruce G Link
Recent evidence suggests that police victimization is widespread in the USA and psychologically impactful. We hypothesized that civilian-reported police victimization, particularly assaultive victimization (i.e., physical/sexual), would be associated with a greater prevalence of suicide attempts and suicidal ideation. Data were drawn from the Survey of Police-Public Encounters, a population-based survey of adults (N = 1615) residing in four US cities. Surveys assessed lifetime exposure to police victimization based on the World Health Organization domains of violence (i...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534002/purposeful-engagement-healthy-aging-and-the-brain
#18
Carol D Ryff, Aaron S Heller, Stacey M Schaefer, Carien van Reekum, Richard J Davidson
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Research on psychological well-being in later life has identified strengths and vulnerabilities that occur with aging. We review the conceptual and philosophical foundations of a eudaimonic model of well-being and its empirical translation into six key dimensions of positive functioning. We also consider its implications for health, broadly defined. RECENT FINDINGS: Numerous findings from national longitudinal samples of U.S. adults are described...
December 2016: Current Behavioral Neuroscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532727/experiences-and-own-management-regarding-residual-symptoms-among-people-with-coeliac-disease
#19
Lisa Ring Jacobsson, Anna Milberg, Katarina Hjelm, Maria Friedrichsen
CONTEXT: Between 7% and 30% of people with treated coeliac disease suffer from residual symptoms, and there is a knowledge gap about their own management of these symptoms. AIM: To explore experiences and management concerning residual symptoms despite a gluten-free diet in people with coeliac disease. METHODS: A qualitative explorative design with semi-structured interviews with 22 adults with coeliac disease in Sweden. Data were analysed using qualitative content analysis...
June 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532439/efficacy-cost-utility-and-reach-of-an-ehealth-self-management-application-oncokompas-that-helps-cancer-survivors-to-obtain-optimal-supportive-care-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#20
Anja van der Hout, Cornelia F van Uden-Kraan, Birgit I Witte, Veerle M H Coupé, Femke Jansen, C René Leemans, Pim Cuijpers, Lonneke V van de Poll-Franse, Irma M Verdonck-de Leeuw
BACKGROUND: Cancer survivors have to deal with a wide range of physical symptoms, psychological, social and existential concerns, and lifestyle issues related to cancer and its treatment. Therefore, it is essential that they have access to optimal supportive care services. The eHealth self-management application Oncokompas was developed to support cancer survivors with where they need to turn to for advice and guidance, as well as to increase their knowledge on the availability of optimal support...
May 22, 2017: Trials
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