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Adult Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035330/whites-but-not-blacks-gain-life-expectancy-from-social-contacts
#1
Shervin Assari
Background. Recent research suggests that the health gain from economic resources and psychological assets may be systematically larger for Whites than Blacks. Aim. This study aimed to assess whether the life expectancy gain associated with social contacts over a long follow up differs for Blacks and Whites. Methods. Data came from the Americans' Changing Lives (ACL) Study, 1986-2011. The sample was a nationally representative sample of American adults 25 and older, who were followed for up to 25 years (n = 3361)...
October 16, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034964/hemispheric-asymmetry-of-the-frontolimbic-cortex-in-young-adults-with-borderline-personality-disorder
#2
Q Zhou, M Zhong, S Yao, X Jin, Y Liu, C Tan, X Zhu, J Yi
OBJECTIVE: Although the frontolimbic cortex has been implicated in borderline personality disorder (BPD), information about possible asymmetries in this region in patients with BPD is limited. This study aimed to examine whether frontolimbic cortex asymmetries differ between patients with BPD and healthy individuals. METHODS: The brains of 30 young adult patients with BPD and 32 healthy control subjects were scanned with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The participants completed self-report scales assessing impulsivity, affect intensity and other psychological variables...
October 16, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033462/acculturative-stress-psychological-distress-and-religious-coping-among-latina-young-adult-immigrants
#3
Nicole Da Silva, Frank R Dillon, Toni Rose Verdejo, Mariana Sanchez, Mario De La Rosa
Religion is a source of strength in Latina/o culture during challenging life transitions, such as the immigration process. Guided by a sociological stress-process model, this study examines relations between dimensions of religious coping, acculturative stress, and psychological distress among 530 young Latina women (ages 18-23 years) who recently immigrated to the United States (i.e., approximately 12 months prior to assessment). Higher levels of acculturative stress were associated with higher levels of psychological distress...
February 2017: Counseling Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033299/unpredictable-pain-timings-lead-to-greater-pain-when-people-are-highly-intolerant-of-uncertainty
#4
Clémence Bélanger, Bernard Blais Morin, Andréanne Brousseau, Nicolas Gagné, Anne Tremblay, Kathya Daigle, Philippe Goffaux, Guillaume Léonard
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Many psychological factors are known to influence pain perception. Among them, intolerance of uncertainty (IU) may play a key modulating role in situations where uncertainty prevails, especially uncertainty regarding the timing of painful events. The objective of this study was to explore the impact of individual differences in IU on pain perception during predictable and unpredictable stimulation timings. We hypothesized that people with high IU, as opposed to those with low IU, would perceive more pain when the timing of painful stimulations cannot be predicted, as compared to when they can...
October 12, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033017/neurocognitive-and-psychological-outcomes-in-adults-with-dextro-transposition-of-the-great-arteries-corrected-by-the-arterial-switch-operation
#5
Leïla Kasmi, Johanna Calderon, Michèle Montreuil, Nikoletta Geronikola, Virginie Lambert, Emrè Belli, Damien Bonnet, David Kalfa
BACKGROUND: Neurodevelopmental impairments have frequently been described in children and adolescents with dextro-transposition of the great arteries (d-TGA). The arterial switch operation (ASO) to correct d-TGA has been used for more than 30 years, and more than 90% of these patients now reach adulthood. However, very little is known about their long-term functional outcomes. The present study investigated neurocognitive outcomes and the prevalence of psychiatric disorders in adults with d-TGA corrected by ASO...
October 12, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031889/outcomes-important-to-burns-patients-during-scar-management-and-how-they-compare-to-the-concepts-captured-in-burn-specific-patient-reported-outcome-measures
#6
Laura L Jones, Melanie Calvert, Naiem Moiemen, Jonathan J Deeks, Jonathan Bishop, Philip Kinghorn, Jonathan Mathers
BACKGROUND: Pressure garment therapy (PGT) is an established treatment for the prevention and treatment of hypertrophic scarring; however, there is limited evidence for its effectiveness. Burn survivors often experience multiple issues many of which are not adequately captured in current PGT trial measures. To assess the effectiveness of PGT it is important to understand what outcomes matter to patients and to consider whether patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) can be used to ascertain the effect of treatments on patients' health-related quality of life...
October 11, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031316/identifying-the-unmet-supportive-care-needs-with-concomitant-influencing-factors-in-adult-acute-leukemia-patients-in-china
#7
Fang-Fang Yu, Yan-Ni Bai, Hua He, Li Zhu, Rui-Li Zhang, Hong-Xia Jiao, Qiao-Yan Li, Ju-Fang Fu
PURPOSE: To understand the supportive care needs (SCNs), with associated influencing factors, related to five unmet need dimensions in adult Acute Leukemia (AL) patients, in China. METHODS: This multi-center cross-sectional study enrolled 340 pathologically confirmed adult, Chinese AL patients who were requested to complete a self-reported questionnaire, detailing demographic information, general status and physical functions, and Supportive Care Needs Survey-Short Form 34 (SCNS-SF34), revealing their unmet SCNs...
October 2017: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030085/are-emotionally-driven-and-addictive-like-eating-behaviors-the-missing-links-between-psychological-distress-and-greater-body-weight
#8
L Bourdier, M Orri, A Carre, A N Gearhardt, L Romo, C Dantzer, S Berthoz
There is now a large body of evidence suggesting a significant association between emotional discomfort management, disordered eating behaviors and weight status. In the field of overweight and obesity, emotionally driven eating habits that resemble addictive behaviors are considered as a risk factor. This study aimed to investigate in a large sample of French university students 1) the associations between self-reported levels of psychological distress (PD), emotional eating (EE), food addiction (FA) and Body Mass Index (BMI); and 2) the potential mediation effect of eating behaviors (EE and FA) between PD and BMI...
October 10, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029370/elder-neglect-oral-diseases-and-injuries
#9
Stefano Petti
Elder Neglect (EN) is the failure of a designated caregiver to meet the needs of a dependent older person. World EN prevalence, meta-analyzed in this study, is 1.0% or 1.8% according to different statistical methods. Referring alleged EN cases to Adult Protective Services (APSs) by healthcare workers (HCWs) is mandatory in many countries. However, only few claims are substantiated, as EN could be confused with Self-Neglect, neglect could be unintentional or due to caregiver unawareness. Screening tools are inaccurate and their use is discouraged by public health organizations, because they lead to too many false positives, which engulf the already overwhelmed APSs...
October 13, 2017: Oral Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029169/a-family-affair-family-typologies-of-problems-and-midlife-well-being
#10
Karen L Fingerman, Meng Huo, Jamie L Graham, Kyungmin Kim, Kira S Birditt
Background and Objectives: Midlife adults are a "pivot" generation, responding to parents' and grown children's problems. Yet, some midlife adults may have families where multiple members suffer sorrows, whereas other midlife adults may have families with few problems. This study examined: (a) typologies of problems across generations and (b) associations between profiles of problems and midlife adults' well-being. Research Design and Methods: Midlife adults (N = 633) reported their own, each parent's (n = 868), and grown child's (n = 1,785) physical (e...
September 23, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028692/the-relationship-of-anxiety-depression-and-quality-of-life-in-adults-with-left-ventricular-assist-devices
#11
Jesus M Casida, Martha Abshire, Bidisha Ghosh, James Y Yang
Psychological distress, including anxiety and depression, is commonly reported by patients with implantable left ventricular assist devices (LVADs). Still, the influence of anxiety and depression on global quality of life (QOL) is unknown. Moreover, the empirical data of LVAD patients' QOL is limited to 24 months. This study examined the differences in anxiety, depression, and QOL based on 3 LVAD implant duration groups (≤12, 13-24, and ≥25 months). We also examined the influence of anxiety and depression on QOL...
October 7, 2017: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028567/accessibility-of-prison-healthcare-for-elderly-inmates-a-qualitative-assessment
#12
Raheleh Heidari, Tenzin Wangmo, Serena Galli, David M Shaw, Bernice S Elger
Aging in custody and the rising population of elderly prisoners are creating compelling challenges for criminal justice, prison and public healthcare systems. Geriatric syndrome and higher prevalence of co-morbidities amongst older inmates result in heightened vulnerability in prison environments. Empirical research addressing older adults' access to medical care in detention is scarce; therefore, this study assessed access to medical care in prison from the perspective of older prisoners in Switzerland. We interviewed a sample of 35 older inmates (average age 61 years) on their experience of healthcare accessibility in prison; data were qualitatively analysed and major themes regarding evaluation of their access to medical services were extracted...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028463/assessing-adult-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-in-the-university-setting
#13
Julie Tinklenberg, Bina Patel, Kathryn Gelman, Ronald Albucher
OBJECTIVE: To address the increasing demand for assessments of Adult Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), the primary author developed a protocol for Counseling and Psychological Services (CAPS) at Stanford University's Vaden Student Health Center to improve the efficiency of such evaluations. PARTICIPANTS: As part of quality assurance, we reviewed the charts of Stanford students who sought assessment for ADHD before the protocol was implemented (September 2011- June 2013) and after the protocol was established (October 2013 - August 2014)...
October 13, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028442/the-use-of-mobile-applications-among-adults-with-type-1-and-type-2-diabetes-results-from-the-second-miles-australia-miles-2-study
#14
Steven Trawley, Shaira Baptista, Jessica L Browne, Frans Pouwer, Jane Speight
BACKGROUND: While the number of diabetes-specific mobile applications (apps) continues to grow, there is a lack of knowledge about their actual use. METHODS: The second MILES (Management and Impact for Long-term Empowerment and Success)-Australia study was a national cross-sectional survey of the psychological, behavioral, and social aspects of diabetes for adults with type 1 diabetes (T1D) and type 2 diabetes (T2D). Associations between diabetes-specific app usage and demographic, clinical, and psychosocial variables were examined...
October 13, 2017: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027200/do-personality-traits-mediate-the-relationship-between-childhood-abuse-and-migraine-an-exploration-of-the-relationships-in-young-adults-using-the-add-health-dataset
#15
Monita Karmakar, Jon D Elhai, Aliaksandr A Amialchuk, Gretchen E Tietjen
BACKGROUND: Personality traits (especially neuroticism) and childhood maltreatment have been independently related to many negative health outcomes later in life, including migraine. Studies have also shown the association between childhood maltreatment and maladaptive personality traits. The mediating role of personality traits on the relationship between childhood maltreatment and depression, psychological distress, and alcohol dependence has been extensively studied. However, this type of mediation has not been studied in the case of the development of migraine...
October 13, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025509/clinic-appointment-attendance-in-adults-with-serious-mental-illness-and-diabetes
#16
Douglas D Gunzler, Nathan Morris, Jarrod E Dalton, Richard McCormick, Neal V Dawson, Charles Thomas, Stephanie Kanuch, Kristin A Cassidy, Melanie Athey, Edna Fuentes-Casiano, Mary Ellen Lawless, Siobhan Martin, Douglas Einstadter, Martha Sajatovic
OBJECTIVES: We assessed characteristics that may predict outpatient appointment attendance in outpatient medical clinics among patients comorbid for serious mental illness (SMI) and type 2 diabetes (DM). METHODS: Baseline covariate data from 200 individuals with SMI-DM enrolled in a randomized controlled trial (RCT) were used to examine characteristics associated with electronic health record-identified clinic appointment attendance using a generalized estimating equations approach...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025136/predictors-of-responsivity-to-interdisciplinary-pain-management
#17
Melissa A Day, Melissa Brinums, Nathan Craig, Laurence Geffen, Saul Geffen, Miriam Lovai, Gina Geffen
Objective: This study investigated for whom interdisciplinary pain management (IPM) is most effective. Identification of predictors of treatment responsivity would facilitate development of patient-treatment matching algorithms to optimize outcomes. Design: Repeated measures prospective study of consecutive admissions to a two-week IPM program. Setting: Brisbane Pain Rehabilitation Service in Brisbane, Australia. Subjects: A total of 163 adults referred for chronic pain management...
July 25, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025015/lifetime-abuse-and-quality-of-life-among-older-people
#18
Silvia Fraga, Joaquim Soares, Maria Gabriella Melchiorre, Henrique Barros, Bahareh Eslami, Elisabeth Ioannidi-Kapolou, Jutta Lindert, Gloria Macassa, Mindaugas Stankunas, Francisco Torres-Gonzales, Eija Viitasara
Few studies have evaluated the impact of lifetime abuse on quality of life (QoL) among older adults. By using a multinational study authors aimed to assess the subjective perception of QoL among people who have reported abuse during the course of their lifetime. The respondents (N = 4,467; 2,559 women) were between the ages of 60 and 84 years and living in seven European countries (Germany, Greece, Italy, Lithuania, Portugal, Spain, and Sweden). Lifetime abuse was assessed by using a structured questionnaire that allowed to assess lifetime experiences of abuse...
August 31, 2017: Health & Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024900/the-associations-between-problematic-facebook-use-psychological-distress-and-well-being-among-adolescents-and-young-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Claudia Marino, Gianluca Gini, Alessio Vieno, Marcantonio M Spada
BACKGROUND: A growing body of research has analyzed the potential risks of problematic Facebook use for mental health and well-being. The current meta-analysis is the first to examine the associations between problematic Facebook use, psychological distress (i.e., depression, anxiety, etc.) and well-being (life satisfaction, positive mental health) among adolescents and young adults. METHOD: A comprehensive search strategy identified relevant studies in PsychInfo, Pubmed, Scopus, ResearchGate, and Google Scholar...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023209/age-differences-in-emotion-recognition-task-demands-or-perceptual-dedifferentiation
#20
Robert G Franklin, Leslie A Zebrowitz
Background/Study Context: Older adults (OA) have consistently shown lower accuracy compared with younger adults (YA) when labeling facial expressions of emotion in multiple choice tasks. However, OA do not show lower accuracy when judging psychological attributes from faces in rating tasks. The authors investigated whether the cognitive demands of multiple choice tasks yields an underestimation of OA emotion recognition ability and whether lower scores by OA in emotion recognition tasks are an instance of age-related dedifferentiated face perception...
October 12, 2017: Experimental Aging Research
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