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Adult Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231159/facet-joint-injections-for-non-specific-low-back-pain-a-feasibility-rct
#1
Saowarat Snidvongs, Rod S Taylor, Alia Ahmad, Simon Thomson, Manohar Sharma, Angela Farr, Deborah Fitzsimmons, Stephanie Poulton, Vivek Mehta, Richard Langford
BACKGROUND: Pain of lumbar facet-joint origin is a common cause of low back pain in adults and may lead to chronic pain and disability, with associated health and socioeconomic implications. The socioeconomic burden includes an inability to return to work resulting in loss of productivity in addition to direct and indirect health-care utilisation costs. Lumbar facet-joints are paired synovial joints between the superior and inferior articular processes of consecutive lumbar vertebrae and between the fifth lumbar vertebra and the sacrum...
December 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230314/testing-the-effectiveness-of-a-transdiagnostic-treatment-approach-in-reducing-violence-and-alcohol-abuse-among-families-in-zambia-study-protocol-of-the-violence-and-alcohol-treatment-vatu-trial
#2
J C Kane, S Skavenski Van Wyk, S M Murray, P Bolton, F Melendez, C K Danielson, P Chimponda, S Munthali, L K Murray
Background: Violence against women and girls (VAWG) is an urgent global health problem. Root causes for VAWG include the individual- and family-level factors of alcohol abuse, mental health problems, violence exposure, and related adverse experiences. Few studies in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) have assessed the effectiveness of psychological interventions for reducing VAWG. This randomized controlled trial, part of the What Works to Prevent Violence Against Women and Girls consortium, examines the effectiveness of a common elements treatment approach (CETA) for reducing VAWG and comorbid alcohol abuse among families in Zambia...
2017: Global Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230080/cancer-victim-identity-for-individuals-with-histories-of-cancer-and-childhood-sexual-abuse
#3
Glynnis A McDonnell, Madalina Sucala, Rachel E Goldsmith, Guy H Montgomery, Julie B Schnur
Identifying as a 'cancer victim' has been linked to adverse psychosocial sequelae in individuals who have been diagnosed with cancer. Being a childhood sexual abuse (CSA) survivor may predispose individuals towards a "victim" identity in general. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of identifying as a 'cancer victim' among CSA survivors who were diagnosed with cancer as adults, and to explore psychological factors associated with identification as a cancer victim. 105 adults reporting both a history of CSA and of having been diagnosed with cancer as an adult were recruited through Amazon Mechanical Turk...
December 2017: Journal of Rational-emotive and Cognitive-behavior Therapy: RET
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229274/team-approach-to-manage-difficult-to-treat-tb-cases-experiences-in-europe-and-beyond
#4
L D'Ambrosio, G Bothamley, J A Caminero Luna, R Duarte, L Guglielmetti, M Muñoz Torrico, M C Payen, N Saavedra Herrera, M A Salazar Lezama, A Skrahina, M Tadolini, S Tiberi, N Veziris, G B Migliori
As recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO), optimal management of MDR-TB cases can be ensured by a multi-speciality consultation body known as 'TB Consilium'. This body usually includes different medical specialities, competences and perspectives (e.g., clinical expertise both for adults and children; surgical, radiological and public health expertise; psychological background and nursing experience, among others), thus lowering the risk of making mistakes - or managing the patients inappropriately, in order to improve their clinical outcomes...
December 8, 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Pneumologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229172/self-management-and-health-care-transition-among-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-chronic-kidney-disease-medical-and-psychosocial-considerations
#5
REVIEW
Maria E Díaz-González de Ferris, Marta Del Villar-Vilchis, Ricardo Guerrero, Victor M Barajas-Valencia, Emily B Vander-Schaaf, Alexandre de Pomposo, Mara Medeiros, Eniko Rak, Guillermo Cantu-Quintanilla, Rupesh Raina, Ana C Alvarez-Elias
Health care transition (HCT) is a process that requires preparation as a continuum from pediatric- to adult-focused services. For adolescents and young adults with chronic or ESRD, this process can be prolonged due to their physical, psychological, family, or ecological factors. HCT preparation is a matter of patient safety and patient rights as the consequences of poor preparation at the time of transfer to adult-focused services are great, including rejection of organs, disease relapse, or even death. We present a case to illustrate important points of HCT preparation, with suggestions for intervention by the interdisciplinary team members who serve (and will serve) these survivors of pediatric-onset health conditions...
November 2017: Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228834/quality-of-life-and-its-related-factors-for-adults-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#6
Ling-Yi Lin, Pai-Chuan Huang
PURPOSE: Improved quality of life is an important outcome for adults with autism spectrum disorder. However, little research has examined factors associated with quality of life among adults with autism spectrum disorder. METHOD: This study comparing 66 adults with autism spectrum disorder (intelligence quotient > 70) aged 20-38 years with neuro-typical adults investigated their quality of life and related factors. All the participants were interviewed with questionnaires by a registered occupational therapist...
December 11, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228806/a-pilot-online-mindfulness-intervention-to-decrease-caregiver-burden-and-improve-psychological-well-being
#7
Rifky Tkatch, Dawn Bazarko, Shirley Musich, Lizi Wu, Stephanie MacLeod, Karen Keown, Kevin Hawkins, Ellen Wicker
Interventions to reduce caregiver burden are of great interest as the number of informal family caregivers continues to grow. The purpose of this study was to test the feasibility of an online mindfulness meditation intervention for community-dwelling older adult caregivers and to evaluate its impact on quality of life, caregiver burden, and psychological well-being. A total of 40 caregivers were recruited from 2 community center support groups to participate in an 8-week online mindfulness intervention. Pre and post surveys were administered...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227363/psychosocial-factors-and-surgical-outcomes-in-adult-spinal-deformity-do-dementia-patients-have-more-complications
#8
Courtney S Toombs, Justin C Paul, Baron S Lonner
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of a prospectively collected, national inpatient hospital database. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate comorbid psychiatric disorders in the ASD population. We hypothesized that a high incidence of comorbid psychiatric disorders in ASD would negatively impact perioperative outcomes. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Adult spinal fusion (ASF) patients suffer from severe back pain and often depression. Psychiatric comorbidities in the adult spinal deformity (ASD) population are not well understood, despite the apparent psychological effects of spinal deformity-related self-image...
December 8, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227237/sexual-orientation-self-concept-ambiguity-and-alcohol-use-disorder-symptomology-the-roles-of-motivated-psychological-distancing-and-drinking-to-cope
#9
David W Hancock, Amelia E Talley, Jennifer Bohanek, Micah D Iserman, Molly Ireland
OBJECTIVE: Women whose sexual identity is not exclusively heterosexual are at risk for alcohol use disorder (AUD) and problematic drinking. A textual analytic approach focusing on motivated psychological distancing in language style use was used to detect sexual minority women who are at greatest risk for an AUD. METHOD: Young adult women (N = 254) were asked to complete a self-report measure of sexual orientation self-concept ambiguity as well as free-write about their sexuality...
January 2018: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227126/intentional-inattention-detecting-feigned-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-on-the-personality-assessment-inventory
#10
Shannon T Smith, Jennifer Cox, Elyse N Mowle, John F Edens
Given the increasing number of college students seeking Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) diagnoses as well as the potential secondary gains associated with this disorder (e.g., access to stimulant medication, academic accommodations), the detection of malingered symptom presentations in this population is a major concern. The present study examined the ability of validity indicators on the widely used Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI; Morey, 1991) to distinguish between individuals experiencing genuine ADHD symptoms and individuals instructed to present with ADHD symptomatology for secondary gain...
December 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226832/the-current-treatment-landscape-of-irritable-bowel-syndrome-in-adults-in-hong-kong-consensus-statements
#11
J Cy Wu, A Oo Chan, Y W Chan, G Cl Cheung, T K Cheung, A Cp Kwan, V Ks Leung, A Dp Mak, W C Sze, R Wong
OBJECTIVE: The estimated prevalence of irritable bowel syndrome in Hong Kong is 6.6%. With the increasing availability of pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatments, the Hong Kong Advisory Council on Irritable Bowel Syndrome has developed a set of consensus statements intended to serve as local recommendations for clinicians about diagnosis and management of irritable bowel syndrome. PARTICIPANTS: A multidisciplinary group of clinicians constituting the Hong Kong Advisory Council on Irritable Bowel Syndrome-seven gastroenterologists, one clinical psychologist, one psychiatrist, and one nutritionist-convened on 20 April 2017 in Hong Kong...
December 2017: Hong Kong Medical Journal, Xianggang Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226316/interpersonal-predictors-of-stress-generation-is%C3%A2-there-a-super-factor
#12
Josephine H Shih, Matthew G Barstead, Nicole Dianno
Hammen's (1991, Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 100, 555-561) seminal paper on stress generation highlighted the reciprocal relationship between stress and depression. Not only does stress predict depression, but women with a diagnosis of depression also experienced subsequent increased levels of stress. In the ensuing years, depression researchers have moved beyond clinical predictors and examined whether depression vulnerability factors also contribute to stress generation. This interest has led to a growing focus on interpersonal vulnerability factors that contribute to stress generation...
December 10, 2017: British Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226030/correction-prevalence-and-correlates-of-psychological-distress-among-diabetes-mellitus-adults-in-the-jilin-province-in-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Shuang Qiu, Hongxuan Sun, Yawen Liu, Joseph Sam Kanu, Ri Li, Yaqin Yu, Xufeng Huang, Bo Li, Xiangyang Zhang
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.7717/peerj.2869.].
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225583/item-response-patterns-on-the-patient-health-questionnaire-8-in-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-us-adults
#14
Shinichiro Tomitaka, Yohei Kawasaki, Kazuki Ide, Maiko Akutagawa, Hiroshi Yamada, Ono Yutaka, Toshiaki A Furukawa
Recent studies have shown that item responses on the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) and Kessler Screening Scale for Psychological Distress (K6) exhibit the same characteristic item response patterns among the general population. However, the distributional patterns of responses on the Patient Health Questionnaire-8 (PHQ-8) among the general population have not been adequately studied. Thus, we conducted a pattern analysis of PHQ-8 item responses among US adults. Data (18,446 individuals) were obtained from the 2015 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey (BRFSS)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225446/use-of-internet-for-general-and-dental-health-along-acculturation-features-in-a-sample-of-mexican-americans
#15
Odette Aguirre, Rodrigo Mariño, Carlo Medina-Solís, Gerardo Maupomé
The objectives of this study were to explore self-reported Internet and electronic platforms used to search for and store medical and dental information among people of Mexican origin. A sample of adults self-identified as European American (250) and as Mexican American (255), residing in Central Indiana, answered a one-time survey that included technology use questions and measured acculturation via the Psychological-Behavioral Acculturation Scale. Overall use of information technologies was estimated through an Information and Communication Technology score...
2017: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225412/identity-victimization-and-support-facebook-experiences-and-mental-health-among-lgbtq-youth
#16
Elizabeth A McConnell, Antonia Clifford, Aaron K Korpak, Gregory Phillips, Michelle Birkett
The rise of social networking sites (SNSs) has created new contexts within which lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) youth and young adults manage their social identities and relationships. On one hand, SNSs provide important social support; on the other, they comprise another realm for victimization and discrimination. Context collapse refers to the ways diverse subgroups (e.g., family, co-workers) are often united in Facebook networks, which presents unique challenges related to outness...
November 2017: Computers in Human Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224571/-worried-to-death-the-assessment-and-management-of-anxiety-in-patients-with-advanced-life-limiting-disease-a-national-survey-of-palliative-medicine-physicians
#17
N Atkin, V Vickerstaff, B Candy
BACKGROUND: Anxiety adversely affects quality of life and is common in adults with advanced life-limiting disease. There are no UK-wide guidelines on the assessment and management of anxiety in this specific population and there is little evidence regarding drug treatments. This study aimed to explore how palliative care physicians assess and manage anxiety in their patients, and to identify barriers encountered. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was undertaken of all physicians working in specialist palliative care in the UK who were members of the Association for Palliative Medicine...
December 11, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224241/cost-effectiveness-of-bariatric-surgery-in-adolescents-with-severe-obesity-in-the-uk
#18
M Panca, R M Viner, B White, T Pandya, H Melo, M Adamo, R Batterham, D Christie, S Kinra, S Morris
Evidence shows that surgery for severe obesity in adults improves health and psychological functioning, and is cost-effective. Data on bariatric surgery for adolescents with severe obesity are extremely limited, with no evidence on cost-effectiveness. We evaluated the lifetime cost-effectiveness of bariatric surgery compared with no surgery in adolescents with severe obesity from the UK's National Health Service perspective. Eighteen adolescents with body mass index ≥40 kg m-2 who underwent bariatric surgery (laparoscopic Roux en Y Gastric Bypass [RYGB] [N = 9], and laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy [SG] [N = 9]) at University College London Hospitals between January 2008 and December 2013 were included...
December 10, 2017: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223662/-discrepancies-and-confluences-in-perception-between-patients-and-nephrologists-of-chronic-kidney-disease-impact-on-vital-impetus-in-adults-not-undergoing-hemodialysis-results-of-the-french-maeva-study
#19
Jean-Philippe Bertocchio, Thierry Baranger, Myriam Isnard-Rouchon, Philippe Zaoui, Christiane Mousson, Gibert Deray
RATIONALE: The impact of chronic kidney disease (CKD) on vital impetus is poorly documented in patients not undergoing renal dialysis and discrepancies can be observed between patients and physicians in perception of QoL and impact of the disease. METHODS: A self-questionnaire was sent to 1282 French nephrologists and a mirrored self-questionnaire was given to patients (CKD stage 3, 4 or 5) by their nephrologist. Data were collected prospectively and anonymously...
December 6, 2017: Néphrologie & Thérapeutique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222598/information-needs-of-adolescent-and-young-adult-cancer-patients-and-their-parent-carers
#20
Maria C McCarthy, Robyn McNeil, Sarah Drew, Lisa Orme, Susan M Sawyer
PURPOSE: This study aimed to explore health-related information needs of adolescent and young adults (AYAs) and their parent-carers and to examine demographic and clinical variables associated with unmet information needs, including patient activation. METHODS: In a national cross-sectional study, 196 Australian AYAs diagnosed with cancer between 15 and 25 years and within 24 months of diagnosis and 204 parent-carers reported on total and unmet needs for cancer and health-related information...
December 8, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
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