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Adult Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471146/the-impact-of-feedback-valence-and-communication-style-on-intrinsic-motivation-in-middle-childhood-experimental-evidence-and-generalization-across-individual-differences
#1
Elien Mabbe, Bart Soenens, Gert-Jan De Muynck, Maarten Vansteenkiste
Prior research among adolescents and emerging adults has provided evidence for the beneficial effects of positive (relative to negative) feedback and an autonomy-supportive (relative to a controlling) communication style on students' intrinsic motivation. Unfortunately, similar experimental research in middle childhood is lacking. Moreover, little attention has been paid to the question of whether individual differences in personality and perceived parenting play a role in these effects. In the current experimental study (N = 110; Mage  = 10...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470596/mental-health-burden-in-a-national-sample-of-american-indian-and-alaska-native-adults-differences-between-multiple-race-and-single-race-subgroups
#2
Nancy L Asdigian, Ursula Running Bear, Janette Beals, Spero M Manson, Carol E Kaufman
PURPOSE: Research on American Indian and Alaska Native (AIAN) mental health disparities is based largely on either tribal populations or national samples of adults that do not account for multiracial AIANs, even though over 40% of AIANs identify with multiple racial groups. The present investigation extends this research by assessing mental health status in a national sample of multiracial AIAN adults relative to adults who identify exclusively as either AIAN or White. METHODS: 2012 BRFSS data were used to conduct multinomial logistic regression analyses comparing mental health outcomes among respondents who identified as either AIAN and one or more other races (AIAN-MR), AIAN-Single Race (AIAN-SR), or White-SR...
February 22, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470565/sociodemographic-medical-and-psychosocial-factors-associated-with-supportive-care-needs-in-adults-diagnosed-with-uveal-melanoma
#3
Timothy J Williamson, Alexandra Jorge-Miller, Tara A McCannel, Tammy M Beran, Annette L Stanton
Importance: Understanding supportive care needs in patients with cancer is important for developing approaches that enhance quality of life and promote satisfaction with care. Objective: To characterize the nature and frequency of sociodemographic, medical, and psychosocial factors associated with unmet needs in patients with uveal melanoma 1 week and 3 months after diagnosis. Design, Setting, and Participants: This 3-month, prospective, longitudinal survey study was conducted at a university-based ophthalmology practice from June 1, 2007, to July 1, 2011...
February 22, 2018: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469591/associations-of-health-insurance-coverage-mental-health-problems-and-drug-use-with-mental-health-service-use-in-us-adults-an-analysis-of-2013-national-survey-on-drug-use-and-health
#4
Nianyang Wang, Xin Xie
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of mental health service use among US adults, examine the associations of mental health service use with health insurance coverage, mental health problems and drug use, and detect health disparities. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study with 5,434 adults receiving mental health service out of 37,424 adult respondents from the 2013 National Survey on Drug Use and Health. Weighted univariate and multiple logistic regression analyses were used to estimate the associations of potential factors with mental health service use...
February 22, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468925/self-reported-adhd-and-adult-health-in-the-united-states
#5
Scott D Landes, Andrew S London
OBJECTIVE: Informed by a social determinants of health framework, we investigate the relationship between self-reported ADHD diagnosis status and adult health, and whether observed associations are attenuated by biomedical and socioeconomic factors. METHOD: Using 2007 National Health Interview Survey data ( N = 19,104), we present multivariate logistic regression analyses of associations between self-reported ADHD diagnosis status and five adult health outcomes...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468569/illness-identity-in-adults-with-a-chronic-illness
#6
Leen Oris, Koen Luyckx, Jessica Rassart, Liesbet Goubert, Eva Goossens, Silke Apers, Seher Arat, Joris Vandenberghe, René Westhovens, Philip Moons
The present study examines the concept of illness identity, the degree to which a chronic illness is integrated into one's identity, in adults with a chronic illness by validating a new self-report questionnaire, the Illness Identity Questionnaire (IIQ). Self-report questionnaires on illness identity, psychological, and physical functioning were assessed in two samples: adults with congenital heart disease (22-78 year old; n = 276) and with multisystem connective tissue disorders (systemic lupus erythematosus or systemic sclerosis; 17-81 year old; n = 241)...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468373/exploring-symptom-severity-illness-perceptions-coping-styles-and-well-being-in-gastroparesis-patients-using-the-common-sense-model
#7
Sally Woodhouse, Geoff Hebbard, Simon R Knowles
AIMS: This study aimed to examine the relationships between gastroparesis symptom severity, illness perceptions, coping styles, quality of life (QoL), and psychological distress in patients with gastroparesis, guided by the common sense model. METHODS: One hundred and seventy-nine adults with gastroparesis (165 females, 14 males; mean age 41.82 years) completed an online questionnaire. The Gastroparesis Cardinal Symptom Index was used to measure gastroparesis symptom severity, QoL was explored using the PAGI-QOL, illness perceptions were measured using the Brief Illness Perception Questionnaire, the Carver Brief COPE scale assessed coping styles, and psychological distress was investigated using the DASS21...
February 22, 2018: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468084/a-development-study-and-randomised-feasibility-trial-of-a-tailored-intervention-to-improve-activity-and-reduce-falls-in-older-adults-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-mild-dementia
#8
Rowan H Harwood, Veronika van der Wardt, Sarah E Goldberg, Fiona Kearney, Pip Logan, Vicky Hood-Moore, Vicky Booth, Jennie E Hancox, Tahir Masud, Zoe Hoare, Andrew Brand, Rhiannon Tudor Edwards, Carys Jones, Roshan das Nair, Kristian Pollock, Maureen Godfrey, John R F Gladman, Kavita Vedhara, Helen Smith, Martin Orrell
Background: People with dementia progressively lose abilities and are prone to falling. Exercise- and activity-based interventions hold the prospect of increasing abilities, reducing falls, and slowing decline in cognition. Current falls prevention approaches are poorly suited to people with dementia, however, and are of uncertain effectiveness. We used multiple sources, and a co-production approach, to develop a new intervention, which we will evaluate in a feasibility randomised controlled trial (RCT), with embedded adherence, process and economic analyses...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467351/short-and-long-photoperiods-differentially-exacerbate-corticosterone-induced-physical-and-psychological-symptoms-in-mice
#9
Hiroshi Kawai, Jin Inabe, Takuya Ishibashi, Naomi Kudo, Yoichi Kawashima, Atsushi Mitsumoto
Circadian disruption affects the pathogenesis and development of various diseases. Depression is one of the most common diseases that relate to circadian rhythm. In this study, we analyzed the effects of daily light/dark (LD) conditions on depression and other symptoms, and also analyzed the mixed effects of LD conditions and corticosterone treatment. Male adult C57BL/6 mice were treated with corticosterone in a normal LD cycle of 12 hours light and 12 hours dark (LD12 : 12), short day conditions of 6 hours light and 18 hours dark (LD6 : 18), or long day conditions of 21 hours light and 3 hours dark (LD21 : 3)...
2018: Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467035/prevalence-and-psychometric-screening-for-the-detection-of-major-depressive-disorder-and-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-in-adults-injured-in-a-motor-vehicle-crash-who-are-engaged-in-compensation
#10
Rebecca Guest, Yvonne Tran, Bamini Gopinath, Ian D Cameron, Ashley Craig
BACKGROUND: Physical injury and psychological disorder following a motor vehicle crash (MVC) is a public health concern. The objective of this research was to determine rates of major depressive disorder (MDD) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in adults with MVC-related injury engaged in compensation, and to determine the capacity (e.g. sensitivity and specificity) of two psychometric scales for estimating the presence of MDD and PTSD. METHODS: Participants included 109 adults with MVC-related injury engaged in compensation during 2015 to 2017, in Sydney, Australia...
February 21, 2018: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466974/temporary-employment-and-tooth-loss-a-cross-sectional-study-from-the-j-shine-study
#11
Yukihiro Sato, Toru Tsuboya, Richard G Watt, Jun Aida, Ken Osaka
BACKGROUND: Temporary employment leads to psychological distress and higher mortality, but data on its associations with oral health is limited. We examined whether having the experience of temporary employment was associated with tooth loss among working adults in Japan. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study from the 2010-2011 Japanese Study on Stratification, Health, Income, and Neighborhood study that analyzed 2652 participants aged 25-50 years (men = 1394; women = 1258)...
February 21, 2018: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466454/interaction-between-fkbp5-variability-and-recent-life-events-in-the-anxiety-spectrum-evidence-for-the-differential-susceptibility-model
#12
Beatriz Pérez-Pérez, Paula Cristóbal-Narváez, Tamara Sheinbaum, Thomas R Kwapil, Sergi Ballespí, Elionora Peña, Marta de Castro-Catala, Maria Dolors Riba, Araceli Rosa, Neus Barrantes-Vidal
BACKGROUND: Gene-environment interaction (GxE) research has highlighted the importance of investigating the FK506 binding protein 51 (FKBP5) gene as a sensitivity gene. However, previous GxE studies with FKBP5 have not measured the full environmental spectrum or applied statistical tests to discern whether the GxE interaction fits better with the differential-susceptibility or diathesis-stress hypotheses. This study examined whether single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) on FKBP5 gene moderate the association of positive and negative recent life events (LEs) with depressive symptoms, state-anxiety, neuroticism, and social anxiety traits...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466452/self-compassion-moderates-the-perfectionism-and-depression-link-in-both-adolescence-and-adulthood
#13
Madeleine Ferrari, Keong Yap, Nicole Scott, Danielle A Einstein, Joseph Ciarrochi
BACKGROUND: Psychological practitioners often seek to directly change the form or frequency of clients' maladaptive perfectionist thoughts, because such thoughts predict future depression. Indirect strategies, such as self-compassion interventions, that seek to change clients' relationships to difficult thoughts, rather than trying to change the thoughts directly could be just as effective. This study aimed to investigate whether self-compassion moderated, or weakened, the relationship between high perfectionism and high depression symptoms in both adolescence and adulthood...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466383/stroke-survivors-and-informal-caregivers-experiences-of-primary-care-and-community-healthcare-services-a-systematic-review-and-meta-ethnography
#14
Dominika M Pindus, Ricky Mullis, Lisa Lim, Ian Wellwood, A Viona Rundell, Noor Azah Abd Aziz, Jonathan Mant
OBJECTIVE: To describe and explain stroke survivors and informal caregivers' experiences of primary care and community healthcare services. To offer potential solutions for how negative experiences could be addressed by healthcare services. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-ethnography. DATA SOURCES: Medline, CINAHL, Embase and PsycINFO databases (literature searched until May 2015, published studies ranged from 1996 to 2015). ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: Primary qualitative studies focused on adult community-dwelling stroke survivors' and/or informal caregivers' experiences of primary care and/or community healthcare services...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465661/sexually-transmitted-infection-prevalence-among-homeless-adults-in-the-u-s-a-systematic-literature-review
#15
Samantha P Williams, Kenneth L Bryant
BACKGROUND: Homelessness significantly affects health and well-being. Homeless adults often experience co-occurring and debilitating physical, psychological, and social conditions. These determinants are associated with disproportionate rates of infectious disease among homeless adults, including tuberculosis, HIV, and hepatitis. Less is known about sexually transmitted infection (STI) prevalence among homeless adults. METHODS: We systematically searched three databases, and reviewed the 2000-2016 literature on STI prevalence among homeless adults in the U...
January 4, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465450/gamification-in-action-theoretical-and-practical-considerations-for-medical-educators
#16
Chrystal Rutledge, Catharine M Walsh, Nathan Swinger, Marc Auerbach, Danny Castro, Maya Dewan, Mona Khattab, Alyssa Rake, Ilana Harwayne-Gidansky, Tia T Raymond, Tensing Maa, Todd P Chang
Gamification involves the application of game design elements to traditionally non-game contexts. It is increasingly being used as an adjunct to traditional teaching strategies in medical education to engage the millennial learner and enhance adult learning. The extant literature has focused on determining whether the implementation of gamification results in better learning outcomes, leading to a dearth of research examining its theoretical underpinnings within the medical education context. The authors define gamification, explore how gamification works within the medical education context using self-determination theory as an explanatory mechanism for enhanced engagement and motivation, and discuss common roadblocks and challenges to implementing gamification...
February 20, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463590/which-patients-benefit-specifically-from-short-term-psychodynamic-psychotherapy-stpp-for-depression-study-protocol-of-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-individual-participant-data
#17
Ellen Driessen, Allan A Abbass, Jacques P Barber, Mary Beth Connolly Gibbons, Jack J M Dekker, Marjolein Fokkema, Peter Fonagy, Steven D Hollon, Elise P Jansma, Saskia C M de Maat, Joel M Town, Jos W R Twisk, Henricus L Van, Erica Weitz, Pim Cuijpers
INTRODUCTION: Short-term psychodynamic psychotherapy (STPP) is an empirically supported treatment that is often used to treat depression. However, it is largely unclear if certain subgroups of depressed patients can benefit specifically from this treatment method. We describe the protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis of individual participant data (IPD) aimed at identifying predictors and moderators of STPP for depression efficacy. METHOD AND ANALYSIS: We will conduct a systematic literature search in multiple bibliographic databases (PubMed, PsycINFO, Embase...
February 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463488/digital-health-interventions-for-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-qualitative-study-of-patient-perspectives-on-diabetes-self-management-education-and-support
#18
Kingshuk Pal, Charlotte Dack, Jamie Ross, Susan Michie, Carl May, Fiona Stevenson, Andrew Farmer, Lucy Yardley, Maria Barnard, Elizabeth Murray
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of type 2 diabetes is increasing globally, and health services in many countries are struggling with the morbidity, mortality, and costs associated with the complications of this long-term condition. Diabetes self-management education (DSME) and behavioral support can reduce the risks of developing diabetes-related complications and improve glycemic control. However, their uptake is low. Digital health interventions (DHI) can provide sustained support and may overcome challenges associated with attending diabetes self-management sessions...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463097/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-internet-gaming-disorder-among-community-dwelling-adults-in-macao-china
#19
Anise M S Wu, Juliet Honglei Chen, Kwok-Kit Tong, Shu Yu, Joseph T F Lau
Background and aims Internet gaming disorder (IGD) has been mainly studied among adolescents, and no research to date has examined its prevalence in general Chinese adult populations. This study estimated the prevalence of probable IGD in community-dwelling adults in Macao, China. Associations between IGD and psychological distress (i.e., depression and anxiety) as well as IGD and character strength (i.e., psychological resilience and purpose in life) were also tested. Methods A random, representative sample of 1,000 Chinese residents (44% males; mean age = 40...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462866/traumatic-brain-injury-sleep-disorders-and-psychiatric-disorders-an-underrecognized-relationship
#20
REVIEW
Anne M Morse, David R Garner
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is commonplace among pediatric patients and has a complex, but intimate relationship with psychiatric disease and disordered sleep. Understanding the factors that influence the risk for the development of TBI in pediatrics is a critical component of beginning to address the consequences of TBI. Features that may increase risk for experiencing TBI sometimes overlap with factors that influence the development of post-concussive syndrome (PCS) and recovery course. Post-concussive syndrome includes physical, psychological, cognitive and sleep-wake dysfunction...
February 15, 2018: Medical Sciences: Open Access Journal
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