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Cognition Therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749455/primary-biliary-cholangitis-alters-functional-connections-of-the-brain-s-deep-gray-matter
#1
Victoria A L Mosher, Mark G Swain, Jack X Q Pang, Gilaad G Kaplan, Keith A Sharkey, Glenda M MacQueen, Bradley G Goodyear
OBJECTIVES: Fatigue, itch, depressed mood, and cognitive impairment significantly impact the quality of life of many patients with primary biliary cholangitis (PBC). Previous neuroimaging studies of non-hepatic diseases suggest that these symptoms are often associated with dysfunction of deep gray matter brain regions. We used resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rsfMRI) to determine whether PBC patients exhibit altered functional connections of deep gray matter. METHODS: Twenty female non-cirrhotic PBC patients and 21 age/gender-matched controls underwent rsfMRI...
July 27, 2017: Clinical and Translational Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749158/a-wait-list-controlled-study-of-a-trauma-focused-cognitive-behavioral-treatment-for-intermittent-explosive-disorder-in-timor-leste
#2
Kalhari Hewage, Zachary Steel, Mohammed Mohsin, Alvin Kuowei Tay, Jose Carlos De Oliveira, Marcio Da Piedade, Natalino Tam, Derrick Silove
We tested a trauma-focused, cognitive-behavior therapy treatment (TF-CBT-anger) for intermittent explosive disorder (IED) and related dimensions of anger adapted to the local culture in postconflict Timor-Leste. The intention-to-treat sample (n = 78) comprised Timorese nationals (women = 49; men = 29), ages 18 years and older, meeting Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed.) criteria for IED, with equal numbers (n = 39 each) being randomized to the treatment group (TG) and wait-list (WL)...
July 27, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749091/efficacy-of-ziprasidone-augmentation-of-escitalopram-for-cognitive-symptoms-of-major-depressive-disorder
#3
Nadia Iovieno, Richard C Shelton, Samuel R Petrie, Cristina Cusin, Maurizio Fava, George I Papakostas
OBJECTIVE: To examine the efficacy of adjunctive ziprasidone for cognitive symptoms in adult patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) experiencing persistent symptoms after 8 weeks of open-label escitalopram. METHODS: This post hoc analysis was conducted on a database derived from a previously published study. The parent study was a multicenter, parallel, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial conducted at 3 academic medical centers in the United States from July 2008 to October 2013...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748058/electroconvulsive-therapy-hasn-t-negative-effects-on-short-term-memory-function-as-assessed-using-a-bedside-hand-held-device
#4
Helge H O Müller, Mareen Reike, Simon Grosse-Holz, Mareike Röther, Caroline Lücke, Alexandra Philipsen, Johannes Kornhuber, Teja W Grömer
Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is effective in the treatment of treatment-resistant major depression. The fear of cognitive impairment after ECT often deters patients from choosing this treatment option. There is little reliable information regarding the effects of ECT on overall cognitive performance, while short-term memory deficits are well known but not easy to measure within clinical routines. In this pilot study, we examined ECT recipients' pre- and post-treatment performances on a digital ascending number tapping test...
March 22, 2017: Mental Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747933/i-think-i-m-going-to-be-sick-an-eight-year-old-boy-with-emetophobia-and-secondary-food-restriction
#5
Sarabpreet Dosanjh, William Fleisher, Diana Sam
We present a case of an eight-year-old boy with a specific phobia of vomiting who developed subsequent food restriction and weight loss. Our case report includes a review of treatment modalities for specific phobias including cognitive behavioural and exposure therapy in young children and the importance of parental involvement in the treatment process. After an initial assessment and diagnosis of this boy with emetophobia, treatment took place over ten subsequent visits, one hour each in duration. His treatment included a cognitive approach utilizing exposure therapy to re-introduce foods to his diet, working through a fear hierarchy, addressing cognitive distortions/misconceptions and psychoeducational supports...
July 2017: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747857/acculturation-depression-and-smoking-cessation-a-trajectory-pattern-recognition-approach
#6
Sun S Kim, Hua Fang, Kunsook Bernstein, Zhaoyang Zhang, Joseph DiFranza, Douglas Ziedonis, Jeroan Allison
BACKGROUND: Korean Americans are known for a high smoking prevalence within the Asian American population. This study examined the effects of acculturation and depression on Korean Americans' smoking cessation and abstinence. METHODS: This is a secondary data analysis of a smoking cessation study that implemented eight weekly individualized counseling sessions of a culturally adapted cessation intervention for the treatment arm and a standard cognitive behavioral therapy for the comparison arm...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747296/tamper-resistant-mobile-health-using-blockchain-technology
#7
Daisuke Ichikawa, Makiko Kashiyama, Taro Ueno
BACKGROUND: Digital health technologies, including telemedicine, mobile health (mHealth), and remote monitoring, are playing a greater role in medical practice. Safe and accurate management of medical information leads to the advancement of digital health, which in turn results in a number of beneficial effects. Furthermore, mHealth can help lower costs by facilitating the delivery of care and connecting people to their health care providers. Mobile apps help empower patients and health care providers to proactively address medical conditions through near real-time monitoring and treatment, regardless of the location of the patient or the health care provider...
July 26, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747293/improving-employee-well-being-and-effectiveness-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-web-based-psychological-interventions-delivered-in-the-workplace
#8
Stephany Carolan, Peter R Harris, Kate Cavanagh
BACKGROUND: Stress, depression, and anxiety among working populations can result in reduced work performance and increased absenteeism. Although there is evidence that these common mental health problems are preventable and treatable in the workplace, uptake of psychological treatments among the working population is low. One way to address this may be the delivery of occupational digital mental health interventions. While there is convincing evidence for delivering digital psychological interventions within a health and community context, there is no systematic review or meta-analysis of these interventions in an occupational setting...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747066/mental-wellbeing-in-people-with-dementia-following-cognitive-stimulation-therapy-innovative-practice
#9
Catherine Allward, Rosie Dunn, Gemma Forshaw, Chris Rewston, Nicola Wass
The benefits of Cognitive Stimulation Therapy in supporting cognitive functioning for people with dementia are well recognised. It has been proposed that Cognitive Stimulation Therapy may offer additional benefits in terms of a person's sense of general wellbeing. A service evaluation of 60 participants attending Cognitive Stimulation Therapy groups was conducted using the Short Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-Being Scale. Although this evaluation did not demonstrate a significant difference between pre- and post-treatment scores (t = -1...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746664/what-do-cochrane-systematic-reviews-say-about-non-pharmacological-interventions-for-treating-cognitive-decline-and-dementia
#10
Vitória Carvalho Vilela, Rafael Leite Pacheco, Carolina Oliveira Cruz Latorraca, Daniela Vianna Pachito, Rachel Riera
BACKGROUND: Dementia is a highly prevalent condition worldwide. Its chronic and progressive presentation has an impact on physical and psychosocial characteristics and on public healthcare. Our aim was to summarize evidence from Cochrane reviews on non-pharmacological treatments for cognitive disorders and dementia. DESIGN AND SETTING: Review of systematic reviews, conducted in the Discipline of Evidence-Based Medicine, Escola Paulista de Medicina, Universidade Federal de São Paulo...
May 2017: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746408/microwave-magnetic-proteomics-of-macrophages-from-patients-with-hiv-associated-cognitive-impairment
#11
Yisel M Cantres-Rosario, Frances M Acevedo-Mariani, Juliana Pérez-Laspiur, William E Haskins, Marines Plaud, Yadira M Cantres-Rosario, Richard Skolasky, Israel Méndez-Bermúdez, Valerie Wojna, Loyda M Meléndez
OBJECTIVE: HIV-infected monocytes can infiltrate the blood brain barrier as differentiated macrophages to the central nervous system, becoming the primary source of viral and cellular neurotoxins. The final outcome is HIV-associated cognitive impairment (HACI), which remain prevalent today, possibly due to the longer life-span of the patients treated with combined anti-retroviral therapy. Our main goal was to characterize the proteome of monocyte-derived macrophages (MDM) from HACI patients, and its association with their cognitive status, to find novel targets for therapy...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746324/assessment-of-automatic-thoughts-in-patients-with-depressive-illness-at-a-tertiary-hospital-in-nepal
#12
M Rana, S Sthapit, V D Sharma
INTRODUCTION: Cognitive functions have significant influence on psycho-social and general wellbeing. The quality, content and processing of negative thoughts initiate depressive symptoms; i.e. low mood, decreased self-worth and diminished interest in pleasurable activities. The study assessed the automatic thoughts of patients having depressive illness and evaluated and compared the changes after therapy; i.e. Psychotherapy and pharmacotherapy. METHODS: Diagnosed cases of depressive illness (n=135), according to ICD-10 and study criteria, attending the out-patient clinic of Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health, Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital, were included...
April 2017: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745682/-risk-factors-and-prevention-of-recurrent-dynamics-of-depression
#13
D Yu Veltishchev, O B Kovalevskaya, O F Seravina
The existing literature in the field demonstrates that in the majority of cases depressive disorder has a recurrent course that resulted in negative consequences: an increase in a number of chronic and marked episodes, a higher risk of suicide and stable cognitive deficit. An analysis of predictors promoting the formation of recurrent depressive disorder allows an identification of a constellation of biological, psychological, therapeutic, social factors which should be taken into account in the choice of methods of prevention of the next episode of depression...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745666/-detection-of-effective-treatment-of-amnestic-mild-cognitive-impairement-with-cereton-by-testing-of-lipids-markers
#14
A V Alesenko, S I Gavrilova, U A Gutner, A O Lebedeva, M A Shupik, I V Kolykhalov, E V Ponomareva, N D Selezneva, Ya B Fedorova
AIM: Determination of effectivity and safety of Cereton (Choline alfoscerate, production by Sotex) 1200 mg/day in the treatment of cognitive functioning disorders in patients with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) and determining its influence in the process (after a 3 month course of taking the drug) and 3 months after the end of treatment of aMCI on the change in the content of phosphatidylcholine, sphingomyelin, ceramide-metabolite sphingolipids and the activity of genes controlling the synthesis of enzymes, which control ithe metabolism of sphingomyelin and ceramide (sphingomyelinase and ceramidase)...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745520/effects-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-insomnia-on-sleep-related-cognitions-among-patients-with-stable-heart-failure
#15
Nancy S Redeker, Sangchoon Jeon, Laura Andrews, John Cline, Vahid Mohsenin, Daniel Jacoby
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) improves insomnia and fatigue among chronic heart failure (HF) patients, but the extent to which sleep-related cognitions explain CBT-I outcomes in these patients is unknown. We examined the effects of CBT-I on sleep-related cognitions, associations between changes in sleep-related cognitions and changes in sleep and symptoms after CBT-I, and the extent to which cognitions mediated the effects of CBT-I. PARTICIPANTS: Stable New York Heart Association Class II-III HF patients (total n = 51; n = 26/51...
July 26, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744627/neurocognitive-treatments-for-eating-disorders-and-obesity
#16
REVIEW
Dawn M Eichen, Brittany E Matheson, Sara L Appleton-Knapp, Kerri N Boutelle
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Recent research has highlighted executive function and neurocognitive deficits among individuals with eating and weight disorders, identifying a potential target for treatment. Treatments targeting executive function for eating and weight disorders are emerging. This review aims to summarize the recent literature evaluating neurocognitive/executive function-oriented treatments for eating and weight disorders and highlights additional work needed in this area. RECENT FINDINGS: Cognitive remediation therapy (CRT) for anorexia nervosa has been the most extensively studied neurocognitive treatment for eating disorders...
September 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744033/the-effect-of-cognitive-motor-dual-task-training-with-the-biorescue-force-platform-on-cognition-balance-and-dual-task-performance-in-institutionalized-older-adults-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Tom Delbroek, Wietse Vermeylen, Joke Spildooren
[Purpose] This study investigates whether cognition, balance and dual task performance in institutionalized older adults improves by a virtual reality dual task training. [Subjects and Methods] Randomized controlled trial; Twenty institutionalized older adults with mild cognitive impairment (13 female, 7 male; average age, 87.2 ± 5.96 years) were randomized to the intervention (i.e. Virtual reality dual-task training using the BioRescue) or control group (no additional training). The intervention group took part in a 6-week training program while the elderly in the control group maintained their daily activities...
July 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743603/pre-and-post-natal-melatonin-administration-partially-regulates-brain-oxidative-stress-but-does-not-improve-cognitive-or-histological-alterations-in-the-ts65dn-mouse-model-of-down-syndrome
#18
Andrea Corrales, Eduardo B Parisotto, Verónica Vidal, Susana García-Cerro, Sara Lantigua, Marian Diego, Danilo Wilhem Filho, Emilio J Sanchez-Barceló, Carmen Martínez-Cué, Noemí Rueda
Melatonin administered during adulthood induces beneficial effects on cognition and neuroprotection in the Ts65Dn (TS) mouse model of Down syndrome. Here, we investigated the effects of pre- and post-natal melatonin treatment on behavioral and cognitive abnormalities and on several neuromorphological alterations (hypocellularity, neurogenesis impairment and increased oxidative stress) that appear during the early developmental stages in TS mice. Pregnant TS females were orally treated with melatonin or vehicle from the time of conception until the weaning of the offspring, and the pups continued to receive the treatment from weaning until the age of 5 months...
July 22, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743599/cognitive-behavioral-therapy-cbt-for-preventing-alzheimer-s-disease
#19
REVIEW
Larry D Reid, Faith E Avens, Alicia A Walf
This review provides the rationale for implementing cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for the prevention of Alzheimer's disease (AD). There are known risk factors associated with the development of AD, some of which may be ameliorated with CBT. We posit that treating the risk factors of inactivity, poor diet, hyposmia and anosmia, sleep disorders and lack of regularly engaged challenging cognitive activity will modify the physiology of the brain sufficiently to avoid the accumulation of excess proteins, including amyloid beta, causal events in the development of AD...
July 22, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743295/group-cognitive-remediation-therapy-for-younger-adolescents-with-anorexia-nervosa-a-feasibility-study-in-a-japanese-sample
#20
Rie Kuge, Katie Lang, Ayano Yokota, Shoko Kodama, Yuriko Morino, Michiko Nakazato, Eiji Shimizu
OBJECTIVE: Cognitive remediation therapy (CRT) aims to increase patients' cognitive flexibility by practicing new ways of thinking as well as facilitating bigger picture thinking, supporting patients with relevant tasks and encouraging an awareness of their own thinking styles. CRT has been applied in the treatment of adult anorexia nervosa (AN), and has been shown to be effective and acceptable. In adolescents, CRT has been piloted on both individual and group format. However, no studies are published in CRT for adolescents with AN in a Japanese sample...
July 25, 2017: BMC Research Notes
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