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Liang-Yin Ke, Hua-Chen Chan, Hsiu-Chuan Chan, Franklin Chikodi Udo Kalu, Hsiang-Chun Lee, I-Ling Lin, Shih-Jie Jhuo, Wen-Ter Lai, Chen-Rong Tsao, Tatsuya Sawamura, Richard A Dixon, Chu-Huang Chen, Chih-Sheng Chu, Shyi-Jang Shin
Context: Electronegative low-density lipoprotein (LDL) L5 is a naturally occurring, atherogenic entity found at elevated levels in the plasma of patients with metabolic syndrome (MetS) in the absence of elevated plasma LDL levels. Objective: To investigate the role of L5 in the mechanism of adipose tissue inflammation associated with MetS. Patients/Setting: Plasma LDL isolated from MetS patients (n=29) and controls (n=29) with similar plasma LDL levels was separated into 5 subfractions, L1-L5, with increasing electronegativity...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Zornitsa Mihaylova, Rozaliya Tsikandelova, Pavel Sanimirov, Natalia Gateva, Vanyo Mitev, Nikolay Ishkitiev
OBJECTIVE: Platelet-derived growth factor-BB (PDGF-BB) is one of the most abundant growth factors in platelet derived products and has been shown to stimulate regeneration after tissue injury. There is a population of mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) in human periodontal ligament (PDL) which can contribute to tissue regeneration under appropriate conditions. DESIGN: PDL cells were isolated and characterized using stem cell and differentiation markers via immunofluorescence and flow cytometry and then cultured in vitro and treated with different concentrations of PDGF-BB...
September 25, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
Mehmet I Cosacak, Prabesh Bhattarai, Ledio Bocova, Tim Dzewas, Violeta Mashkaryan, Christos Papadimitriou, Kerstin Brandt, Heike Hollak, Christopher L Antos, Caghan Kizil
Microtubule-associated TAU protein is a pathological hallmark in Alzheimer's disease (AD), where hyperphosphorylation of TAU generates neurofibrillary tangles. To investigate the effects of TAU in a regenerative adult vertebrate brain system, we generated a cre/lox-based transgenic model of zebrafish that chronically expresses human TAU(P301L), which is a variant of human TAU protein that forms neurofibrillary tangles in mouse models and humans. Interestingly, we found that although chronic and abundant expression of TAU(P301L) starting from early embryonic development led to hyperphosphorylation, TAU(P301L) did not form oligomers and neurofibrillary tangles, and did not cause elevated apoptosis and microglial activation, which are classical symptoms of tauopathies in mammals...
October 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
Chitrangda Srivastava, Khushboo Irshad, Bhawana Dikshit, Parthaprasad Chattopadhyay, Chitra Sarkar, Deepak Kumar Gupta, Subrata Sinha, Kunzang Chosdol
Glioblastoma (GBM) is characterized by the presence of hypoxia, stemness and local invasiveness. We have earlier demonstrated that FAT1 promotes invasiveness, inflammation and upregulates HIF-1α expression and its signalling in hypoxic GBM. Here, we have identified the role of FAT1 in regulating EMT (Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition) and stemness characteristics in GBM. The expression of FAT1, EMT (Snail/LOX/Vimentin/N-cad), stemness (SOX2/OCT4/Nestin/REST) and hypoxia markers (HIF-1α/VEGF/PGK1/CA9) was upregulated in ≥39% of GBM tumors (n=31) with significant positive correlation (p≤0...
October 9, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
Sadaf Sultan, Uzma Ashiq, Rifat Ara Jamal, Mohammad Mahroof-Tahir, Zara Shaikh, Bushra Shamshad, Mehreen Lateef, Lubna Iqbal
The present study explores the synthesis and inhibitory potential of vanadium(V) complexes of hydrazides (1c-12c) against oxidative enzymes including xanthine oxidase and lipoxygenase (LOX). In addition, non-enzymatic radical scavenging activities of these complexes were also determined. On the basis of spectral, elemental and physical data, synthesized vanadium(V) complexes are tentatively assigned to have an octahedral geometry with two hydrazide ligands and two oxo groups forming a negatively charged sphere complex with ammonium as counter ion...
October 9, 2017: Biometals: An International Journal on the Role of Metal Ions in Biology, Biochemistry, and Medicine
Jianhua He, Lili Dong, Kang Xu, Yuna Qian, Chunli Wang, Yongqiang Sha, Juila Li Zhong, Wanqian Liu, Yonggang Lv, Yang Song, Li Yang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of mechano growth factor E peptide (MGF) on the invasive properties of melanoma cells. RESULTS: Melanoma cells (GLL19) were treated with 10, 20 and 30 ng MGF/ml for 24 h. Their invasive properties were investigated by transwell assay. Cytoskeleton reorganization was assessed via staining with phalloidin-FITC; lysyl oxidase (LOX) family gene expression was tested by qRT-PCR, and western blotting was used to detect expression of the matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress...
October 6, 2017: Biotechnology Letters
Tao Zhou, Xiaofang Chen
Atherosclerosis is the most common pathological cause of cardiovascular diseases, and endothelial dysfunction has a vital role. It has been suggested that inhibiting endothelial cell apoptosis induced by oxidized low‑density lipoprotein (ox‑LDL), an essential atherosclerotic factor, is a potential novel therapeutic strategy against atherosclerosis. Previous studies have revealed that endothelial lectin‑like ox‑LDL receptor‑1 (LOX‑1) and long intergenic noncoding RNA p21 (lincRNA‑p21) may serve as therapeutic targets for atherosclerosis and associated cardiovascular disorders...
September 26, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
Yifan Jiang, Jiayan Ye, Shuai Li, Ülo Niinemets, Peter Bozhkov
Methyl jasmonate (MeJA) is a key airborne elicitor activating jasmonate-dependent signaling pathways, including induction of stress-related volatile emissions, but how the magnitude and timing of these emissions scale with MeJA dose is not known. Treatments with exogenous MeJA concentrations ranging from mild (0.2 mM) to lethal (50 mM) were used to investigate quantitative relationships among MeJA dose and the kinetics and magnitude of volatile release in Cucumis sativus by combining high-resolution measurements with a proton-transfer reaction time-of-flight mass spectrometer (PTR-TOF-MS) and GC-MS...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Experimental Botany
Karoline Gangestad Primdahl, Jørn Eivind Tungen, Patricia Regina Soares De Souza, Romain Alexandre Colas, Jesmond Dalli, Trond Vidar Hansen, Anders Vik
PD1n-3 DPA is a specialized pro-resolving lipid mediator that displays potent anti-inflammatory properties and pro-resolving bioactivities. Such naturally occurring compounds are of current interest in biomolecular chemistry and drug discovery. To investigate the involvement of an epoxide intermediate in the biosynthesis of PD1n-3 DPA from n-3 docosapentaenoic acid, the epoxy acid 16(S),17(S)-epoxy-PDn-3 DPA, herein named ePDn-3 DPA, was prepared by stereoselective total synthesis. The synthetic material of ePDn-3 DPA allowed investigations of its role in the biosynthesis of PD1n-3 DPA...
October 5, 2017: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
Nick J Spencer, Elin I Magnúsdóttir, Jon Jakobsson, Garreth Kestell, Bao Nan Chen, David Morris, Simon J H Brookes, Malin C Lagerstrom
The role of Calcitonin Gene Related Peptide (CGRP) in visceral and somatic nociception is incompletely understood. CGRPα is highly expressed in sensory neurons of dorsal root ganglia (DRG) and particularly in neurons that also express the transient receptor potential cation channel subfamily V member 1 (Trpv1). Therefore, we investigated changes in visceral and somatic nociception following deletion of CGRPα from the Trpv1-Cre population using the Cre/lox system. In control mice, acetic acid injection (0...
September 28, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
Fumiaki Sato, Ryo Seino-Sudo, Mami Okada, Hiroyasu Sakai, Tetsuro Yumoto, Hiroshi Wachi
The cross-linking of elastin by lysyl oxidase (LOX) family members is essential for the integrity and elasticity of elastic fibers, which play an important role in the characteristic resilience of various tissues. However, the temporal sequence of oxidation by LOX during elastic fiber formation is still incompletely understood. Here, we demonstrate that the cross-linking of tropoelastin molecules by LOX occurs concurrent with elastin deposition. Our data show that LOX deficiency or the inhibition of LOX enzyme activity leads to the loss of elastin deposition in skin fibroblast...
2017: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Neziha Besiktepe, Ozgecan Kayalar, Ezel Ersen, Fusun Oztay
Abnormalities in the elastic fiber biology are seen in pulmonary emphysema (PE). The copper-dependent lysyl oxidases regulate the production and accumulation of elastic fibers in the connective tissue. This study focused on the relationship between lysyl oxidase (LOX), LOX-like protein 1 (LOXL1), and LOXL2 and PE pathogenesis. Lung samples with or without PE from patients with chronic obstructive lung disease (n=35) were used. Protein levels of elastin, LOX, LOXL1, LOXL2, hypoxia inducible factor 1-alpha (HIF-1α), copper metabolism domain containing-1 (COMMD1), and phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) were assayed using microscopic and biochemical methods The emphysematous areas were characterized by enlargement of the alveoli, destruction of the alveolar structure, accumulation of macrophages in the alveolar lumens, and showed increased HIF-1α immunoreactivity...
December 2017: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
Meng Zhang, Hongting Zhao, Jing Cai, Huihui Li, Qi Wu, Tong Qiao, Kuanyu Li
BACKGROUND: Oxidative stress and inflammatory factors are deeply involved in progression of atherosclerosis. Mitochondrion-targeted peptide SS-31, selectively targeting to mitochondrial inner membrane reacting with cardiolipin, has been reported to inhibit ROS generation and mitigate inflammation. The present study was designed to investigate whether SS-31 could suppress the development of atherosclerosis in vivo. METHODS: Male ApoE-/- mice (8 weeks old) fed with Western diet were treated with normal saline or SS-31 (1 mg/kg/d or 3 mg/kg/d) through subcutaneous injection for 12 weeks...
2017: PloS One
Jian-En Guo, Shu-Bin Mi, Xiu-Chuan Yan, Si-Yuan Xin, Fei Gao, Guang-He Liang, Jing-Hua Li
To observe the functions of Gualou Xiebai Banxia decoction(GXBD) on regulating lipid metabolism, anti-oxidation, and interposing ox-LDL/Lox-1 pathway, and to explore its anti-atherosclerosis (AS) mechanisms. AS models were established by using 42 Apo-E-/- male mice with high fat diet. AS model mice were randomly divided into the model group, simvastatin group, and GXBD high and low dose groups. C57BL/6J male mice were used as the normal control group, n=10 and the treatment lasted for 8 weeks. The levels of TC, TG, LDL-C, HDL-C, SOD, MDA, GSH-px, and ox-LDL in blood serum were tested 24 h after the last administration...
February 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Katsuhiko Sato, Seira Shimizu, Kazuma Awaji, Oto Hitomi, Jun-Ichi Anzai
Multilayer films that decompose in the presence of lactate were prepared by depositing phenylboronic acid-modified poly(allylamine) (PBA-PAH) and poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) on a lactate oxidase (LOx) layer. The layers adhered through boronate ester bonds. The resulting LOx(PBA-AH/PVA)10 film was stable in pH 7.4 solution but decomposed following the addition of lactate. The carbon-boron bonds in PBA residues were cleaved by oxidative reaction with H2O2 produced by the enzymatic reaction of LOx. Approximately 90% of the film decomposed following exposure for 120 and 30min to 0...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Tomoyuki Bando, Setsuko Fujita, Naoko Nagano, Soichiro Yoshikawa, Yoshinori Yamanishi, Masashi Minami, Hajime Karasuyama
Basophils have been erroneously considered as minor relatives of mast cells, due to some phenotypic similarity between them. While recent studies have revealed non-redundant roles for basophils in various immune responses, basophil-derived effector molecules, including lipid mediators, remain poorly characterized, compared to mast cell-derived ones. Here we analyzed and compared eicosanoids produced by mouse basophils and mast cells when stimulated with IgE plus allergens. The production of 5-LOX metabolites such as LTB4 and 5-HETE was detected as early as 0...
July 2017: Biochemistry and Biophysics Reports
Ding Li, Bo Zhang, Shuting Li, Jie Zhou, Hui Cao, Yan Huang, Zhongli Cui
Pichia pastoris is widely used as a platform for heterologous protein expression because of its high volumetric productivity. Multicopy integration of the target gene is commonly used to improve the production of the target protein. Cre/lox recombination system is a powerful tool for the marker rescue during multiple integrations with one selection marker. Here we reported a novel expression vector based on the Cre/lox recombination system for multiple integrations of target gene to construct multicopy expression strain of P...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
Kuriakose Jayesh, Lal Raisa Helen, A Vysakh, Eldhose Binil, M S Latha
Inflammation has been considered as a major risk factor for various kinds of human diseases. Macrophages play substantial roles in host defense against infection. It can be activated by lipopolysaccharide (LPS), the major component of the outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria. The current study aims to investigate the anti-inflammatory effects of ethyl acetate fraction isolated from T. bellerica (EFTB) in LPS stimulated RAW 264.7 macrophage cell lines. The inhibitory effects of EFTB on total cyclooxygenase (COX), 5-lipoxygenase (5-LOX) activity, nitrate and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) level, reactive oxygen species (ROS) production were studied...
September 23, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Tarvi Teder, Helike Lõhelaid, Nigulas Samel
Two highly identical fusion proteins, an allene oxide synthase-lipoxygenase (AOS-LOX) and a hydroperoxide lyase-lipoxygenase (HPL-LOX), were identified in the soft coral Capnella imbricata. Both enzymes initially catalyze the formation of 8R-hydroperoxy-eicosatetraenoic acid (8R-HpETE) from arachidonic acid by the C-terminal lipoxygenase (LOX) domain. Despite the fact that the defined catalytically important residues of N-terminal catalase-related allene oxide synthase (cAOS) domain are also conserved in C...
2017: PloS One
Yoko Yoshikawa, Osamu Takano, Ichiro Kato, Yoshihisa Takahashi, Fumi Shima, Tohru Kataoka
Metastasis stands as the major obstacle for the survival from cancers. Nonetheless most existing anti-cancer drugs inhibit only cell proliferation, and discovery of agents having both anti-proliferative and anti-metastatic properties would be more beneficial. We previously reported the discovery of small-molecule Ras inhibitors, represented by Kobe0065, that displayed anti-proliferative activity on xenografts of human colorectal cancer (CRC) cell line SW480 carrying the K-ras(G12V)gene. Here we show that treatment of cancer cells carrying the activated ras genes with Kobe0065 or a siRNA targeting Ras downregulates the expression of lysyl oxidase (LOX), which has been implicated in metastasis...
September 23, 2017: Cancer Letters
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