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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817418/neuromodulation-and-neurofeedback-treatments-in-eating-disorders-and-obesity
#1
Bethan Dalton, Iain C Campbell, Ulrike Schmidt
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Psychological interventions are the treatment of choice for most eating disorders; however, significant proportions of patients do not recover with these. Advances in understanding of the neurobiology of eating disorders have led to the development of targeted treatments, such as deep brain stimulation (DBS), noninvasive brain stimulation (NIBS), and neurofeedback. We review the emerging clinical evidence for the use of these interventions in eating disorders and obesity, together with their theoretical rationale...
August 16, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815666/dorsomedial-prefrontal-cortex-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-treatment-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-eating-disorders-an-open-label-case-series
#2
D Blake Woodside, Patricia Colton, Eileen Lam, Katharine Dunlop, Julia Rzeszutek, Jonathan Downar
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a common comorbid condition in anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN), and may be associated with reduced response to treatment. We report on a case series employing repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) with a novel target, the dorsomedial prefrontal cortex (DMPFC). Fourteen subjects with eating disorders and comorbid PTSD received 20-30 neuronavigated DMPFC-rTMS treatments on an open-label basis. PTSD symptoms were assessed pretreatment and posttreatment with the PTSD checklist-Civilian (PCL-C) and the Difficulties in Emotional Regulation Scale (DERS)...
August 16, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806268/pharmacotherapy-of-eating-disorders
#3
Haley Davis, Evelyn Attia
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Medications are commonly prescribed in the treatment of eating disorders. In this review, we discuss relevant medications used for the treatment of bulimia nervosa, binge eating disorder (BED), and anorexia nervosa. We focus on recent research developments, where applicable, in addition to discussing important findings from older studies to provide a complete synopsis of the current evidence base for eating disorder treatment using pharmacologic agents. RECENT FINDINGS: Medications are generally useful for patients with bulimia nervosa and BED...
August 12, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801958/virtual-reality-jogging-as-a-novel-exposure-paradigm-for-the-acute-urge-to-be-physically-active-in-patients-with-eating-disorders-implications-for-treatment
#4
Georgios Paslakis, Vanessa Fauck, Kathrin Röder, Elisabeth Rauh, Manfred Rauh, Yesim Erim
The acute urge to be physically active is a relevant clinical phenomenon in patients suffering from eating disorders. In this study with n = 20 female patients with anorexia nervosa and n = 10 female patients with bulimia nervosa, a virtual reality (VR) jogging paradigm was applied as a novel highly immersive 3-D exposure paradigm. Patients were asked to rate their acute urge to be physically active during the exposure procedure. A 10-item self-report questionnaire (smQ) was developed to capture the cognitive, emotional, and behavioral aspects of the acute urge to move...
August 11, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801943/utilizing-telehealth-to-deliver-family-based-treatment-for-adolescent-anorexia-nervosa
#5
Kristen E Anderson, Catherine E Byrne, Ross D Crosby, Daniel Le Grange
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to test the feasibility and preliminary effect size on the main outcome measure (weight gain) of family-based treatment (FBT) for adolescents with anorexia nervosa (AN) and their families delivered via a Telehealth platform (i.e., an HIPAA compliant videoconferencing format). METHOD: Ten adolescents, mean age of 16.08 years (SD = 1.99), meeting DSM-5 criteria for AN or atypical AN, were enrolled in the study and offered FBT via a Telehealth platform...
August 11, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799778/how-important-is-tryptophan-in-human-health
#6
Joanna Kałużna-Czaplińska, Paulina Gątarek, Salvatore Chirumbolo, Max Stanley Chartrand, Geir Bjørklund
Tryptophan (Trp) is an amino acid and an essential component of the human diet. It plays a crucial role in many metabolic functions. Clinicians can use Trp levels in the course of diagnosing various metabolic disorders and the symptoms associated with those diseases. Furthermore, supplementation with this amino acid is considered in the treatment of depression and sleep disorders, mainly due to the Trp relationship with the synthesis of serotonin (5-HT) and melatonin. It is also used in helping to resolve cognitive disorders, anxiety, or neurodegenerative diseases...
August 11, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797223/clinicians-views-on-working-with-anorexia-nervosa-and-autism-spectrum-disorder-comorbidity-a-qualitative-study
#7
Emma Kinnaird, Caroline Norton, Kate Tchanturia
BACKGROUND: Anorexia nervosa (AN) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) form a relatively common comorbidity, with poorer illness outcomes and poorer responses to treatments for AN compared to individuals without ASD. However, the treatment of this comorbidity remains poorly understood: no research to date has examined how clinicians currently approach treating AN/ASD. This study aimed to explore the experiences of clinicians working with comorbid AN/ASD using qualitative methods in order to identify areas for future improvement...
August 10, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792604/therapeutic-alliance-anorexia-nervosa-and-the-inpatient-setting-a-mixed-methods-study
#8
Joel S Zugai, Jane Stein-Parbury, Michael Roche
AIMS: To understand the context of the inpatient setting for the treatment of anorexia nervosa and the implications for the therapeutic alliance between nurses and consumers. BACKGROUND: The nature of the therapeutic alliance is dependent on the contextual factors that influence interactions. The inpatient setting for the treatment of anorexia nervosa is one such setting where the therapeutic alliance is operative, yet challenging and poorly understood. DESIGN: A two-phase explanatory sequential design was employed...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792578/-identification-of-promising-practices-in-the-treatment-of-anorexia-nervosa
#9
Isabelle Thibault, Robert Pauzé, Éric Lavoie, Marie Mercier, Caroline Pesant, Johana Monthuy-Blanc, Marie-Pierre Gagnon-Girouard
Anorexia nervosa concerned, firstly, because this disorder is associated with many medical complications and secondly, because it is linked with a poor prognosis. Given these facts, it is imperative that effective treatments be available for anorexia nervosa. This article aims to present a systematic review of the literature on the best therapeutic modalities in the field of anorexia nervosa. Among these, we find outpatient treatment, importance of multidisciplinary team and various therapeutic approachs, like familial therapy...
2017: Santé Mentale Au Québec
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791709/risk-of-being-convicted-of-theft-and-other-crimes-in-anorexia-and-bulimia-nervosa-a-prospective-cohort-study-in-a-swedish-female-population
#10
Shuyang Yao, Ralf Kuja-Halkola, Laura M Thornton, Claes Norring, Catarina Almqvist, Brian M D'Onofrio, Paul Lichtenstein, Niklas Långström, Cynthia M Bulik, Henrik Larsson
OBJECTIVE: We examined epidemiological associations between anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN) and risks of committing theft and other crimes in a nationwide female population. METHOD: Females born in Sweden during 1979-1998 (N = 957,106) were followed from age 15 for up to 20 years using information on clinically diagnosed AN and BN (exposures), convictions of theft and other crimes (outcomes), psychiatric comorbidities, and familial relatedness from Swedish national registers...
August 9, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777106/treatment-of-eating-disorders-in-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry
#11
Beate Herpertz-Dahlmann
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Recent research on the multimodal treatment of eating disorders in child and adolescent psychiatry has yielded a significant increase in randomized controlled trials and systematic reviews. This review aims to present relevant findings published during the last 2 years related to medical and psychological treatment of anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID). RECENT FINDINGS: For anorexia nervosa, recent reports described the efficacy of different treatment settings, lengths of hospital stay and high vs...
August 1, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770090/relational-containment-exploring-the-effect-of-family-based-treatment-for-anorexia-on-familial-relationships
#12
Andrew Wallis, Paul Rhodes, Lisa Dawson, Jane Miskovic-Wheatley, Sloane Madden, Stephen Touyz
BACKGROUND: The aim of this research was to investigate the process of familial relationship change for adolescents with anorexia nervosa and their parents, who participated in Family-Based Treatment (FBT). METHOD: A Constructionist grounded theory design was employed with purposive sampling. Sixteen young people between 12 and 18 years with a good outcome in FBT and twenty-eight of their parents participated. Young people and their parents took part in separate interviews at the end of treatment...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766762/is-laxative-misuse-associated-with-binge-eating-examination-of-laxative-misuse-among-individuals-seeking-treatment-for-eating-disorders
#13
Roni Elran-Barak, Andrea B Goldschmidt, Scott J Crow, Carol B Peterson, Laura Hill, Ross D Crosby, James E Mitchell, Daniel Le Grange
OBJECTIVE: Our research focuses on laxative misuse, which has been understudied in previous eating disorders (ED) research, to understand its prevalence and correlates among individuals seeking ED treatment. We also test the association between laxative misuse and binge eating to examine the assumption that laxative misuse is intended to compensate for binge eating. METHOD: Participants were 2,295 ED treatment-seeking adults (29.5 ± 10.5) who self-reported their disordered eating behaviors on the Eating Disorder Questionnaire...
August 2, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763717/regional-decrease-in-gray-matter-volume-is-related-to-body-dissatisfaction-in-anorexia-nervosa
#14
Kunihiro Kohmura, Yasunori Adachi, Satoshi Tanaka, Hiroto Katayama, Miho Imaeda, Naoko Kawano, Kazuo Nishioka, Masahiko Ando, Tetsuya Iidaka, Norio Ozaki
Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a psychiatric disorder, in which the prognosis for some patients is poor. The etiology and effective treatments for AN have not been established. We examined morphometric changes in the brain of AN and clarified how the changes were associated with symptoms and pathophysiology. We enrolled 52 participants: 7 with the restrictive type of AN, 13 with the binge-eating/purging type, 3 with eating disorder not otherwise specified, and 29 healthy controls. Participants underwent T1-weighted MRI...
July 25, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762842/molecular-bases-of-anorexia-nervosa-bulimia-nervosa-and-binge-eating-disorder-shedding-light-on-the-darkness
#15
Germán Cuesto, Claude Everaerts, Leticia G León, Angel Acebes
Eating-disorders (EDs) consequences to human health are devastating, involving social, mental, emotional, physical and life-threatening aspects, concluding on impairment and death in cases of extreme anorexia nervosa. It also implies that people suffering an ED need to find psychiatric and psychological help as soon as possible to achieve a fully physical and emotional recovery. Unfortunately, to date, there is a crucial lack of efficient clinical treatment to these disorders. In this review, we present an overview concerning the actual pharmacological and psychological treatments, the knowledge of cells, circuits, neuropeptides, neuromodulators and hormones in the human brain- and other organs- underlying these disorders, the studies in animal models and, finally, the genetic approaches devoted to face this challenge...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Neurogenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754062/procedures-and-protocols-for-weight-assessment-during-acute-illness-in-individuals-with-anorexia-nervosa-a-national-survey
#16
Susan Kelly-Weeder, Meredith Kells, Karen Jennings, Julie Dunne, Barbara Wolfe
BACKGROUND: Weight assessment is a key component of nursing care for individuals with the acute illness of anorexia nervosa (AN). However, there is little data to guide protocols and procedures regarding weight assessment. OBJECTIVE: To describe institutional practices regarding weight assessment of individuals during acute illness of AN. DESIGN: Treatment facilities ( N = 24) completed a survey about written protocols and procedures regarding weight assessment and disclosure of weight to patients...
July 1, 2017: Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750954/exercise-and-physical-therapy-help-restore-body-and-self-in-clients-with-severe-anorexia-nervosa
#17
Liv-Jorunn Kolnes
Exercise in the context of anorexia nervosa is a multifaceted endeavour surrounded by controversy and uncertainty. A broader comprehension of this poorly understood phenomenon is required. Informed by the findings of a body examination of six individuals with anorexia nervosa, as well as exercise science, phenomenology and neurocognition, the purpose of this article is to elaborate on the potential role of exercise and physical therapy in the treatment of anorexia nervosa. The findings of the body assessment include constriction of posture, muscles and pattern of breathing...
July 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744627/neurocognitive-treatments-for-eating-disorders-and-obesity
#18
REVIEW
Dawn M Eichen, Brittany E Matheson, Sara L Appleton-Knapp, Kerri N Boutelle
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Recent research has highlighted executive function and neurocognitive deficits among individuals with eating and weight disorders, identifying a potential target for treatment. Treatments targeting executive function for eating and weight disorders are emerging. This review aims to summarize the recent literature evaluating neurocognitive/executive function-oriented treatments for eating and weight disorders and highlights additional work needed in this area. RECENT FINDINGS: Cognitive remediation therapy (CRT) for anorexia nervosa has been the most extensively studied neurocognitive treatment for eating disorders...
September 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743295/group-cognitive-remediation-therapy-for-younger-adolescents-with-anorexia-nervosa-a-feasibility-study-in-a-japanese-sample
#19
Rie Kuge, Katie Lang, Ayano Yokota, Shoko Kodama, Yuriko Morino, Michiko Nakazato, Eiji Shimizu
OBJECTIVE: Cognitive remediation therapy (CRT) aims to increase patients' cognitive flexibility by practicing new ways of thinking as well as facilitating bigger picture thinking, supporting patients with relevant tasks and encouraging an awareness of their own thinking styles. CRT has been applied in the treatment of adult anorexia nervosa (AN), and has been shown to be effective and acceptable. In adolescents, CRT has been piloted on both individual and group format. However, no studies are published in CRT for adolescents with AN in a Japanese sample...
July 25, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735294/comparing-family-based-treatment-with-parent-focused-treatment-for-adolescent-anorexia-nervosa
#20
Susan Walker, Ramya Srinivasan, Laura Fialko, Erica Cini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 22, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Education and Practice Edition
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