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Acid-sensing ion channels

Zhen Lei, Abdul Sami Shaikh, Wenshuai Zheng, Xiao Yu, Jingui Yu, Jingxin Li
Itch, the unpleasant sensation that evokes a desire to scratch, accompanies numerous skin and nervous system disorders. However, the molecular mechanisms of itch are unclear. Acid sensing ion channel 3 (ASIC3) is a sensor of acidic and primary inflammatory pain. The whole-cell patch-clamp technique was used to determine the effect of Chloroquine (CQ)on ASICs currents in primary sensory neurons or the Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells transfected with rat-ASIC1a or- ASIC3. Site-directed mutagenesis of plasmid was performed...
October 22, 2016: Journal of Neurochemistry
Maksim Storozhuk, Elena Kondratskaya, Lyudmila Nikolaenko, Oleg Krishtal
Rapid acidification occurring during synaptic vesicle release can activate acid-sensing ion channels (ASICs) both on pre- and postsynaptic neurons. In the latter case, a fraction of postsynaptic current would be mediated by cation-selective acid-sensing ion channels. Additionally, in both cases, activation of acid-sensing ion channels could modulate synaptic strength by affecting transmitter release and/or sensitivity of postsynaptic receptors. To address potential involvement of acid-sensing ion channels in mediation/modulation of synaptic transmission at hippocampal GABAergic synapses, we studied effects of three structurally different blockers of acid-sensing ion channels on evoked postsynaptic currents using the patch-clamp technique...
October 19, 2016: Molecular Brain
Feng Cai, Feng Wang, Xin Hong, Xin-Hui Xie, Rui Shi, Zhi-Yang Xie, Xiao-Tao Wu
OBJECTIVES: Activation of acid-sensing ion channel 1a (ASIC1a) is responsible for tissue injury caused by acidosis in nervous systems. But its physiological and pathological roles in nucleus pulposus cells (NPCs) are unclear. The aim of this study is to investigate whether ASIC1a regulates the survival of NPCs in the acidic environment of degenerated discs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: NPCs were isolated and cultured followed by immunofluorescent staining and Western-blot analysis for ASIC1a...
August 2016: Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
Anne-Marie Malfait, Richard J Miller
Worldwide, osteoarthritis (OA) is one of the leading causes of chronic pain, for which adequate relief is not available. Ongoing peripheral input from the affected joint is a major factor in OA-associated pain. Therefore, this review focuses predominantly on peripheral targets emerging in the preclinical and clinical arena. Nerve growth factor is the most advanced of these targets, and its blockade has shown tremendous promise in clinical trials in knee OA. A number of different types of ion channels, including voltage-gated sodium channels and calcium channels, transient receptor potential channels, and acid-sensing ion channels, are important for neuronal excitability and play a role in pain genesis...
October 12, 2016: Current Osteoporosis Reports
M Levanti, B Randazzo, E Viña, G Montalbano, O Garcia-Suarez, A Germanà, J A Vega, F Abbate
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 17, 2016: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
Cui Liu, Li-Li Zhu, Si-Guang Xu, Hong-Long Ji, Xiu-Min Li
The epithelial Na(+) channel/degenerin (ENaC/DEG) superfamily, including the acid-sensing ion channels (ASICs), is characterized by a high degree of similarity in structure but highly diverse in physiological functions. These ion channels have been shown to be important in several physiological functions of normal epithelial cells, including salt homeostasis, fluid transportation and cell mobility. There is increasing evidence suggesting that ENaC/DEG channels are critically engaged in cancer cell biology, such as proliferation, migration, invasion and apoptosis, playing a role in tumor development and progression...
2016: Journal of Cancer
Dragana Srebro, Sonja Vučković, Milica Prostran
We previously showed that magnesium sulfate (MS) has systemic antinociceptive and local peripheral pronociceptive effects. The role of transient receptor potential (TRP) channels and acid-sensing ion channels (ASICs) in the mechanism of action of MS has not been investigated in detail. The aim of this study was to explore the participation of TRP channels in the pronociceptive action of MS in rats after its intraplantar injection. The paw withdrawal threshold (PWT) to mechanical stimuli was measured by the electronic von Frey test...
September 28, 2016: Neuroscience
Ryusei Yokokawa, Hironobu Akino, Hideaki Ito, Xinmin Zha, Osamu Yokoyama
AIMS: There are some reports that bladder C-fibers are partially involved in detrusor overactivity in patients with brain lesions. We investigated the contribution of bladder C-fiber to decreased bladder capacity in rats with cerebral infarction. METHODS: Cerebral infarction was induced under halothane anesthesia by left middle cerebral artery occlusion with 4-0 nylon thread in female Sprague-Dawley rats. Intramural amounts of ATP and prostaglandin E2 , in vivo and in vitro ATP, NGF, and prostaglandin E2 release from the distended bladder urothelium, and changes in mRNA expressions of sensor molecules and receptors were monitored 6 h after the occlusion...
September 27, 2016: Neurourology and Urodynamics
Willem J Laursen, Eve R Schneider, Dana K Merriman, Sviatoslav N Bagriantsev, Elena O Gracheva
The ability to sense heat is crucial for survival. Increased heat tolerance may prove beneficial by conferring the ability to inhabit otherwise prohibitive ecological niches. This phenomenon is widespread and is found in both large and small animals. For example, ground squirrels and camels can tolerate temperatures more than 40 °C better than many other mammalian species, yet a molecular mechanism subserving this ability is unclear. Transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) is a polymodal ion channel involved in the detection of noxious thermal and chemical stimuli by primary afferents of the somatosensory system...
October 4, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
T K Munkholm, L Arendt-Nielsen
BACKGROUND: Tissue pH is lowered in inflamed tissues, and the increased proton concentration activates acid-sensing ion channels (ASICs), contributing to pain and hyperalgesia. ASICs can be upregulated by nerve growth factor (NGF). The aim of this study was to investigate two new human experimental pain models combining NGF- and acid-induced pain in a randomized, controlled, double-blind study. METHODS: In experiment 1, volunteers (N = 16) received an injection of either NGF or isotonic saline in each infrapatellar fat pad (IFP)...
September 15, 2016: European Journal of Pain: EJP
Debiprasad Mondal, Manoranjan Bar, Shruti Mukherjee, Sujoy Baitalik
In this work we report synthesis and characterization of three rigid and linear rodlike monometallic Ru(II) complexes based on a terpyridine ligand tightly connected to 9,10-anthraquinone electron-acceptor unit through phenyl-imidazole spacer. The motivation of designing these complexes is to enhance their excited-state lifetimes at room temperature. Interestingly it is found that all three complexes exhibit luminescence at room temperature with excited-state lifetimes in the range of 1.6-52.8 ns, depending upon the coligand as well as the solvent...
October 3, 2016: Inorganic Chemistry
Israel Hanukoglu
The acid-sensing ion channels (ASICs) and epithelial sodium channels (ENaC) are members of a superfamily of channels that play critical roles in mechanosensation, chemosensation, nociception, and regulation of blood volume and pressure. These channels look and function like a tripartite funnel that directs the flow of Na(+) ions into the cytoplasm via the channel pore in the membrane. The subunits that form these channels share a common structure with two transmembrane segments (TM1 and TM2) and a large extracellular part...
August 31, 2016: FEBS Journal
Kui Niu, Liman Liang, Fei Peng, Fan Zhang, Yao Gu, Hongyan Tian
A facile in situ approach has been designed to synthesize zinc ferrite/mesoporous silica guest-host composites. Chelating surfactant, N-hexadecyl ethylenediamine triacetic acid, was employed as structure-directing agent to fabricate mesoporous silica skeleton and simultaneously as complexing agent to incorporate stoichiometric amounts of zinc and iron ions into silica cavities. On this basis, spinel zinc ferrite nanoparticles with grain sizes less than 3 nm were encapsulated in mesoporous channels after calcination...
September 21, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Elina I Nagaeva, Tatiana B Tikhonova, Lev G Magazanik, Denis B Tikhonov
Although acid-sensitive ion channels (ASICs) play an important role in brain functions, the exact mechanism of their physiological activation remain unclear. A possible answer to the intriguing question is that some presently unknown endogenous ligand(s) positively modulate ASICs and enhance their responses to physiologically significant level. In the present work we found that histamine selectively potentiates ASIC1a homomers in CHO cells. Action of histamine was particularly pronounced at modest acidifications, which cause minor response...
October 6, 2016: Neuroscience Letters
Jing-Jing Wang, Tian-Le Xu
Protons are widespread in cells and serve a variety of important functions. In certain pathological conditions, acid-base balance was disrupted and therefore excessive protons were generated and accumulated, which is termed acidosis and proved toxic to the organism. In the nervous system, it has been reported that acidosis was a common phenomenon and contributed to neuronal injury in various kinds of neurological diseases, such as ischemic stroke, multiple sclerosis and Huntington's disease. Acid-sensing ion channels (ASICs) is the key receptor of protons and mediates acidosis-induced neuronal injury, but the underlying mechanism remains unclear...
August 25, 2016: Sheng Li Xue Bao: [Acta Physiologica Sinica]
Yong Yao, Chunsun Zhang
A simple, novel concept for the one-step fabrication of a low-cost, easy-to-use droplet-based electrochemical (EC) sensor is described, in which the EC reagents are contained in a droplet and the droplet assay is operated on a simple planar surface instead of in a complicated closed channel/chamber. In combination with an elegant carbon electrode configuration, screen-printed on a widely available polyethylene terephthalate (PET) substrate, the developed sensor exhibits a stable solution-restriction capacity and acceptable EC response, and thus can be used directly for the detection of different analytes (including ascorbic acid (AA), copper ions (Cu(2+)), 2'-deoxyguanosine 5'-triphosphate (dGTP) and ferulic acid (FA)), without any pretreatment...
2016: Sensors
Feng Yang, Xiaolong Sun, Yinxiu Ding, Hui Ma, Tangpeng Ou Yang, Yue Ma, Dong Wei, Wen Li, Tianle Xu, Wen Jiang
Unraveling mechanisms underlying epileptogenesis after brain injury is an unmet medical challenge. Although histopathological studies have revealed that reactive astrogliosis and tissue acidosis are prominent features in epileptogenic foci, their roles in epileptogenesis remain unclear. Here, we explored whether astrocytic acid-sensing ion channel-1a (ASIC1a) contributes to the development of chronic epilepsy. High levels of ASIC1a were measured in reactive astrocytes in the hippocampi of patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) and epileptic mice...
2016: Scientific Reports
M Levanti, B Randazzo, E Viña, G Montalbano, O Garcia-Suarez, A Germanà, J A Vega, F Abbate
Sensory information from the environment is required for life and survival, and it is detected by specialized cells which together make up the sensory system. The fish sensory system includes specialized organs that are able to detect mechanical and chemical stimuli. In particular, taste buds are small organs located on the tongue in terrestrial vertebrates that function in the perception of taste. In fish, taste buds occur on the lips, the flanks, and the caudal (tail) fins of some species and on the barbels of others...
September 2016: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
Di-Ming Chen, Jia-Yue Tian, Chun-Sen Liu
Herein, we report the synthesis of a new mixed-linker Zn(II)-based metal-organic framework (MOF), {[Zn2(atz)2(bpydb)](DMA)8}n (1) (atz = deprotonated 3-amino-1,2,4-triazole, bpydb = deprotonated 4,4'-(4,4'-bipyridine-2,6-diyl) dibenzoic acid, DMA = N,N-dimethylacetamide), through symmetry modulation of a triazole ligand. The desymmetrized triazole linkers not only bond to the Zn(II) ions to result in a new helical Zn-triazolate chain building unit but also lead to the formation of a highly porous framework (N2 uptake: 617 cm(3)/g; BET surface area: 2393 m(2)/g) with 1D helical channels...
September 6, 2016: Inorganic Chemistry
Ren-Peng Zhou, Xiao-Shan Wu, Zhi-Sen Wang, Ya-Ya Xie, Jin-Fang Ge, Fei-Hu Chen
Degenerative diseases often strike older adults and are characterized by progressive deterioration of cells, eventually leading to tissue and organ degeneration for which limited effective treatment options are currently available. Acid-sensing ion channels (ASICs), a family of extracellular H(+)-activated ligand-gated ion channels, play critical roles in physiological and pathological conditions. Aberrant activation of ASICs is reported to regulate cell apoptosis, differentiation and autophagy. Accumulating evidence has highlighted a dramatic increase and activation of ASICs in degenerative disorders, including multiple sclerosis, Parkinson's disease, Huntington's disease, intervertebral disc degeneration and arthritis...
August 2016: Aging and Disease
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