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Statin in elderly

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754125/projected-real-world-effectiveness-of-using-aggressive-low-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-targets-among-elderly-statin-users-following-acute-coronary-syndromes-in-canada
#1
David A Alter, Jack V Tu, Maria Koh, Cynthia A Jackevicius, Peter C Austin, Mohammad R Rezai, R Sacha Bhatia, Sharon Johnston, Jacob A Udell, Dennis T Ko
BACKGROUND: The extent to which outcome benefits may be achieved through the implementation of aggressive low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol targets in real world settings remains unknown, especially among elderly statin users following acute coronary syndromes. METHODS AND RESULTS: A population-based cohort study consisting of 19 544 post-acute coronary syndrome statin-users aged ≥66 years between January 1, 2017 and March 31, 2014 was used to project the number of adverse outcome events (acute myocardial infarction or death from any cause) that could be prevented if all post-acute coronary syndrome elderly statin users were treated to 1 of 2 LDL cholesterol target levels (≤50 and ≤70 mg/dL)...
May 12, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730332/the-relationship-between-selected-body-fatness-indices-and-the-level-of-blood-interleukin-6-in-female-nursing-home-residents-aged-80-years-without-inflammation-a-pilot-study
#2
Ryszard Zarzeczny, Agnieszka Nawrat-Szołtysik, Anna Polak, Ahmed Manasar, Jakub Maliszewski, Adam Kiełtyka, Beata Matyja, Magdalena Dudek, Joanna Zborowska, Adam Wajdman
BACKGROUND: Interleukin-6 (IL-6) production facilitates a shift from acute to chronic inflammation that may induce the development of some diseases and aging. Several studies have suggested that adiposity is closely related to serum IL-6 level, but their authors examined relatively young older adults (aged 60-80 years), so it is not clear whether this association would also occur in people at a more advanced age. OBJECTIVE: to assess whether in elderly women without inflammation the widely used anthropometric obesity indices are associated with serum IL-6 level and, if so, to determine the best anthropometric predictor of this inflammatory biomarker...
May 3, 2018: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627482/assessment-of-statin-induced-interstitial-pneumonia-in-patients-treated-for-hyperlipidemia-using-a-health-insurance-claims-database-in-japan
#3
Kenji Momo, Akiko Takagi, Atsuko Miyaji, Masayoshi Koinuma
PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine the frequency and risk factors for statin-induced interstitial pneumonia (IP). METHOD: We conducted a retrospective cohort study using a large Japanese health insurance claims database. We determined the statin-induced IP incidence in patients treated with statins for hyperlipidemia (n = 194,814) with 12-month screening and 3-month observation periods. Statin-induced IP was defined as: (1) diagnosis with IP (ICD-10 codes: J70...
April 5, 2018: Pulmonary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614534/-current-concepts-of-cardiologic-therapies-in-the-elderly
#4
Ursula Müller-Werdan, Kristina Norman
MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION IN THE OLD PATIENT: Even old patients may crucially benefit from reopening the occluded coronary artery by percutaneous coronary intervention with stent implantation. Bleeding complications can be reduced by choosing the radial instead of the femoral vascular approach for cardiac catheterization. STATINS FOR THE ELDERLY: WHEN TO START UND WHEN TO STOP?: Elderly benefit no less than the younger from statins. "Goal-oriented statin therapy" is preferable to the "statin strategy of fixed dose"...
April 2018: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582106/trends-and-variations-in-the-prescribing-of-secondary-preventative-cardiovascular-therapies-for-non-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction-nstemi-in-malaysia
#5
Padmaa Venkatason, Nur Lisa Zaharan, Muhammad Dzafir Ismail, Wan Azman Wan Ahmad, Ahmad Syadi Mahmood Zuhdi
PURPOSE: Information is lacking on prescribing of preventative cardiovascular pharmacotherapies for patients with non-ST elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) in the Asian region. This study examined the prescribing rate of these pharmacotherapies, comparing NSTEMI to STEMI, and variations across demographics and clinical factors within the NSTEMI group in the multi-ethnic Malaysian population. METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of the Malaysian National Cardiovascular Disease Database-Acute Coronary Syndrome registry from year 2006 to 2013 (n = 30,873)...
March 26, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576234/usefulness-of-statins-for-prevention-of-venous-thromboembolism
#6
REVIEW
Patricia Chaffey, Mary Thompson, Ajit D Pai, Ali R Tafreshi, Javad Tafreshi, Ramdas G Pai
Venous thromboembolism (VTE), including deep venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism, is common with an annual incidence of 1 to 5 per 1,000, resulting in major morbidity, mortality, and increased health care costs. It is more common in the elderly, obese, those with cancer, those undergoing surgery, and those with previous VTE. Strategy to reduce its occurrence has important public health implications. Pleotropic effects of statins may have beneficial effects on a number of potential targets associated with VTE...
March 2, 2018: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569148/-lipid-lowering-therapy-in-the-elderly-who-profits-from-which-target-values
#7
E Windler, F-U Beil, G Klose, J Thiery
Lowering low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol levels has been proven to reduce the incidence of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events and mortality. So far recommendations have not provided information as to a meaningful duration of cholesterol-lowering therapy and were largely guided by economic constraints and limited therapeutic options. In light of the decline in the price of statins, the essential therapeutic agent and the increased efficacy of therapeutic options, treatment can nowadays be geared to target values that can be expected to have an optimal effect even in old age...
March 22, 2018: Herz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29506712/predictors-of-10-year-changes-in-levels-of-n-terminal-pro-b-type-natriuretic-peptide-and-cardiac-troponin-i-in-the-elderly
#8
Kai M Eggers, Bertil Lindahl, Per Venge, Lars Lind
BACKGROUND: Measurement of N-terminal pro B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and cardiac troponin I (cTnI) might be useful for monitoring of cardiovascular disease in the elderly. However, it is not clear whether changes in these biomarkers are associated with changes in the cardiovascular risk profile and if this pattern could be modified by changes in lifestyle habits or medications. METHODS: We measured levels of NT-proBNP and cTnI in community-dwelling subjects (PIVUS study) upon visits scheduled at age 70 (n=1007), 75 (n=825) and 80 (n=602)...
April 15, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433992/changes-in-statin-prescription-patterns-in-patients-admitted-to-an-australian-geriatric-subacute-unit
#9
Samer Noaman, Omar Al-Mukhtar, Sheri Abramovic, Hanin Mohammed, Cheng Yee Goh, Claire Long, Christopher Neil, Edward Janus, Nicholas Cox, William Chan
BACKGROUND: Assessment of demographic and clinical factors influencing the decision of statin discontinuation in the elderly population admitted to subacute geriatric unit. The aim of this study is to assess the clinical factors impacting the decision-making process of statin discontinuation in the elderly. METHODS: We retrospectively assessed changes in statin discontinuation and prescription among patients (≥60 years old) discharged from a geriatric evaluation and management unit by reviewing hospital digital medical records at Western Health - The Williamstown Hospital over a 12-month period from 4 February 2012 until 4 February 2013 inclusive...
January 31, 2018: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431524/what-is-the-role-of-statins-in-the-elderly-population
#10
Konstantinos Stavropoulos, Konstantinos Imprialos, Michael Doumas, Vasilios G Athyros
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427177/trends-in-diabetes-treatment-and-monitoring-among-medicare-beneficiaries
#11
Bruce E Landon, Alan M Zaslavsky, Jeffrey Souza, John Z Ayanian
BACKGROUND: Diabetes is a costly and common condition, but little is known about recent trends in diabetes management among Medicare beneficiaries. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the use of diabetes medications and testing supplies among Medicare beneficiaries. DESIGN/SETTING: Retrospective cohort analysis of Medicare claims from 2007 to 2014. PARTICIPANTS: Traditional Medicare beneficiaries with a diagnosis of diabetes in the current or any prior year...
April 2018: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402648/treatment-of-cardiovascular-diseases-among-elderly-residents-of-long-term-care-facilities
#12
Anna Kańtoch, Barbara Gryglewska, Jadwiga Wójkowska-Mach, Piotr Heczko, Tomasz Grodzicki
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of cardiovascular diseases among nursing home residents is high but little is known whether pharmacologic therapy recommended by actual medication guidelines is followed by facility's staff. AIM: To evaluate the adherence to actual guidelines for treatment of cardiovascular diseases among older adult residents of long-term care (LTC) facilities. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The cross-sectional study was performed from December 2009 to November 2010 among 189 elderly residents aged ≥60 years in 3 LTC facilities in Poland: 1 long-term care hospital (LTCH) and 2 nursing homes (NHs)...
May 2018: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387138/tocotrienol-is-a-cardioprotective-agent-against-ageing-associated-cardiovascular-disease-and-its-associated-morbidities
#13
REVIEW
Nardev Ramanathan, Esther Tan, Li Jun Loh, Boon Seng Soh, Wei Ney Yap
Ageing is a nonmodifiable risk factor that is linked to increased likelihood of cardiovascular morbidities. Whilst many pharmacological interventions currently exist to treat many of these disorders such as statins for hypercholesterolemia or beta-blockers for hypertension, the elderly appear to present a greater likelihood of suffering non-related side effects such as increased risk of developing new onset type 2 diabetes (NODM). In some cases, lower efficacy in the elderly have also been reported. Alternative forms of treatment have been sought to address these issues, and there has been a growing interest in looking at herbal remedies or plant-based natural compounds...
2018: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383212/a-possible-case-of-statin-induced-ichthyosis-in-an-elderly-woman
#14
Ki Dong Ko, Kyoung Kon Kim, Jin-Ok Baek, Heuy Sun Suh, In Cheol Hwang
Ichthyosis is a heterogeneous group of hereditary or acquired skin disorders, characterized by increased stratum corneum production. Several systemic diseases and many drugs can occasionally cause acquired ichthyosis. We report a case of statin-induced ichthyosis in which the causality between statin and ichthyosis was found possible by using the Naranjo scale. A 79-year-old woman presented with pruritic skin lesions on both legs that appeared erythematous, scaly, and cracked. A clinical diagnosis of acquired ichthyosis was made and the statin was suspected as the cause...
January 2018: Korean Journal of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381974/stroke-risks-and-patterns-of-warfarin-therapy-among-atrial-fibrillation-patients-post-radiofrequency-ablation-a-real-world-experience
#15
Juan Zhang, Xingpeng Liu, Xiaoqing Liu, Xiandong Yin, Yanjiang Wang, Xiaoying Lu, Xinchun Yang
We assessed the thromboembolic risks of atrial fibrillation (AF) patients who had undergone radiofrequency ablation (RFA) using the CHADS2-VASc risk scoring system and further investigated the patterns of warfarin use for thromboprophylaxis according to patient thromboembolic risk scores.In this study, we analyzed the stroke risks of patients who had undergone RFA for AF at our hospital between March 2014 and June 2016 using the CHADS2, CHADS2-VASc, and Hypertension, Abnormal renal/liver function, Stroke, Bleeding history or predisposition, Labile international normalized ratio, Elderly (> 65 years) (HAS-BLED) scoring systems...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29359381/inappropriate-medication-use-and-polypharmacy-in-end-stage-cancer-patients-isn-t-it-the-family-doctor-s-role-to-de-prescribe-much-earlier
#16
Doron Garfinkel, Nataly Ilin, Alexander Waller, Ashley Torkan-Zilberstein, Netanel Zilberstein, Itai Gueta
BACKGROUND: Elderly patients are exposed to increased number of medications, often with no proof of a positive benefit/risk ratio. Unfortunately, this trend does not spare those with limited life expectancy, including end-stage cancer patients who require only palliative treatment. For many medications in this subpopulation, the risk of adverse drug events outweighs the possible benefits and yet, many are still poly-medicated during their last year of life. AIM: To describe the extent of polypharmacy among end-stage cancer patients, at the time of admission to homecare hospice...
January 23, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341526/-the-internal-medicine-articles-that-struck-us-the-most-in-2017
#17
Vanessa Kraege, Evrim Jaccard, Alain Kenfak, Elisabeth Stamm, Fanny Blondet, Grégoire Humair, Plamena Tasheva, Oriane Aebischer, Sabine Giroud, Jonathan Tschopp, Claudio Sartori
2017 has continued to bring important progress in all areas of internal medicine, impacting our daily practice. From bedside screening for beta-lactam allergies, to statins as primary prevention in the elderly, SGLT2 inhibitors in heart failure, azithromycin in severe asthmatics and tofacitinib in ulcero-haemorrhagic recto-colitis, internal medicine journals are full of novelties. Every year, the chief residents of the CHUV internal medicine ward meet up to share their readings: here is their selection of eleven articles, chosen, summarized and commented for you...
January 17, 2018: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341172/statin-use-and-the-risk-of-cardiovascular-implantable-electronic-device-infection-a-cohort-study-in-a-veteran-population
#18
Talal Alzahrani, Angelike P Liappis, Larry M Baddour, Pamela E Karasik
BACKGROUND: The rate of cardiovascular implantable electronic device infection (CIEDI) has increased, despite the use of perioperative antibiotics at the time of device placement or revision. This is due, in part, to the presence of multiple comorbid conditions in an elderly population, in general, who require CIED. Statins may have an antibacterial effect, although there is currently no evidence that the likelihood of CIEDI has been impacted by statin use. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed to assess whether statins are associated with a reduced risk of CIEDI...
January 17, 2018: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325730/use-of-cardiovascular-polypills-for-the-secondary-prevention-of-cerebrovascular-disease
#19
J Masjuan, J Gállego, J M Aguilera, J F Arenillas, M Castellanos, F Díaz, J C Portilla, F Purroy
INTRODUCTION: There is little control of cardiovascular (CV) risk factors in secondary prevention after an ischaemic stroke, in part due to a lack of adherence to treatment. The CV polypill may contribute to proper treatment adherence, which is necessary for CV disease prevention. This study aimed to establish how and in what cases the CV polypill should be administered. METHODS: A group of 8 neurologists drafted consensus recommendations using structured brainstorming and based on their experience and a literature review...
January 8, 2018: Neurología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Neurología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324472/collagenous-enteritis-is-unlikely-a-form-of-aggressive-celiac-disease-despite-sharing-hla-dq2-dq8-genotypes
#20
Vanderlene Liu Kung, Ta-Chiang Liu, Changqing Ma
Collagenous enteritis is an uncommon small intestinal injury pattern with unclear pathogenesis. While it has been speculated that collagenous enteritis represents a form of refractory celiac disease, recent clinical studies suggest a potential link to exposure to the antihypertensive medication olmesartan. Here we hypothesized that the pathogenesis of collagenous enteritis involves both genetic and environmental factors. All subjects with biopsy-proven collagenous enteritis diagnosed between 2002 and 2015 were identified from 2 tertiary care medical centers...
April 2018: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
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