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Psychosocial development

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527866/informal-caregiving-as-a-risk-factor-for-type-2-diabetes-in-individuals-with-favourable-and-unfavourable-psychosocial-work-environments-a-longitudinal-multi-cohort-study
#1
J Mortensen, A J Clark, T Lange, G S Andersen, M Goldberg, C H Ramlau-Hansen, J Head, M Kivimäki, I E H Madsen, C Leineweber, R Lund, R Rugulies, M Zins, H Westerlund, N H Rod
AIM: To examine whether informal caregiving is associated with increased risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D), and whether job strain and social support at work modify the association. METHODS: Individual participant's data were pooled from three cohort studies-the French GAZEL study, the Swedish Longitudinal Occupational Survey of Health (SLOSH) and the British Whitehall II study-a total of 21,243 study subjects. Informal caregiving was defined as unpaid care for a closely related person...
May 17, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527083/shared-mechanisms-of-epilepsy-migraine-and-affective-disorders
#2
Davide Zarcone, Simona Corbetta
Since the nineteenth century several clinical features have been observed in common between migraine and epilepsy (such as episodic attacks, triggering factors, presence of aura, frequent familiarity), but only in recent years researchers have really engaged in finding a common pathogenic mechanism. From studies of disease incidence, we understand how either migraine among patients with epilepsy or epilepsy among migraine patients are more frequent than in the general population. This association may result from a direct causality, by the same environmental risk factors and/or by a common genetic susceptibility...
May 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526401/a-prospective-study-of-the-reliability-and-validity-of-the-live-donor-assessment-tool
#3
Brian M Iacoviello, Akhil Shenoy, Julia Hunt, Zorica Filipovic-Jewell, Brandy Haydel, Dianne LaPointe Rudow
BACKGROUND: The psychosocial evaluation is an important part of the live organ donor evaluation process, yet this is not standardized across institutions. OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to prospectively test the reliability and validity of a semistructured psychosocial evaluation tool that was recently developed and reported in the literature (the Live Donor Assessment Tool [LDAT]). METHODS: A total of 248 live donor candidates who presented for evaluation were invited to participate in a study that involved the LDAT being scored as part of the standard psychosocial evaluation process; 222 provided informed consent...
March 16, 2017: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526366/adolescent-physical-activity-moderation-of-individual-factors-by-neighborhood-environment
#4
Heather D'Angelo, Stephanie L Fowler, Linda C Nebeling, April Y Oh
INTRODUCTION: Less than a third of U.S. adolescents meet federal physical activity (PA) guidelines. Understanding correlates of PA at multiple levels of the Social Ecological Model could improve PA interventions among youth. This study examines (1) associations between factors across the Social Ecological Model including psychosocial factors, perceived neighborhood physical and social environment characteristics, and adolescent moderate to vigorous PA (MVPA) and (2) whether perceived neighborhood characteristics moderate associations between psychosocial factors and MVPA...
June 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526360/the-flashe-study-survey-development-dyadic-perspectives-and-participant-characteristics
#5
Linda C Nebeling, Erin Hennessy, April Y Oh, Laura A Dwyer, Heather Patrick, Heidi M Blanck, Frank M Perna, Rebecca A Ferrer, Amy L Yaroch
The National Cancer Institute developed the Family Life, Activity, Sun, Health, and Eating (FLASHE) Study to examine multiple cancer preventive behaviors within parent-adolescent dyads. The purpose of creating FLASHE was to enable the examination of physical activity, diet, and other cancer preventive behaviors and potential correlates among parent-adolescent dyads. FLASHE surveys were developed from a process involving literature reviews, scientific input from experts in the field, cognitive testing, and usability testing...
June 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526087/a-multimodal-day-treatment-program-for-multi-problem-young-adults-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Marie-Jolette A Luijks, Floor Bevaart, Josjan Zijlmans, Laura van Duin, Reshmi Marhe, Theo A H Doreleijers, Henning Tiemeier, Jessica J Asscher, Arne Popma
BACKGROUND: Effective interventions for young adults with severe, multiple problems - such as psychosocial and psychiatric problems, delinquency, unemployment and substance use - are scarce but urgently needed in order to support an adequate transition to adulthood. A multimodal day treatment program called "New Opportunities" (in Dutch: "De Nieuwe Kans"; DNK) was specifically developed to target multi-problem young adults in The Netherlands. The aim of this study protocol is to describe the design of a randomized controlled trial (RCT) in clinical practice to examine the effectiveness of DNK in comparison with care as usual (CAU)...
May 19, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526013/human-biomonitoring-from-an-environmental-justice-perspective-supporting-study-participation-of-women-of-turkish-and-moroccan-descent
#7
Bert Morrens, Elly Den Hond, Greet Schoeters, Dries Coertjens, Ann Colles, Tim S Nawrot, Willy Baeyens, Stefaan De Henauw, Vera Nelen, Ilse Loots
BACKGROUND: Environmental justice research shows how socially disadvantaged groups are more exposed and more vulnerable to environmental pollution. At the same time, these groups are less represented and, thus, less visible in biomedical studies. This socioeconomic participation bias is a form of environmental injustice within research practice itself. METHODS: We designed, implemented and evaluated a targeted recruitment strategy to enhance the participation of socially disadvantaged pregnant women in a human biomonitoring study in Belgium...
May 19, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524238/psychosocial-work-factors-and-low-back-pain-in-taxi-drivers
#8
Barbara J Burgel, Rami A Elshatarat
INTRODUCTION: Taxi drivers are at high risk for low back pain (LBP). AIM: Identify the association between psychosocial-work factors (Job strain, Iso-strain, effort-reward imbalance [ERI], unfairness, and mental exertion) and LBP in taxi drivers. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was done with 129 taxi drivers. RESULTS: Approximately 63% reported LBP in the prior 12 months. Chi square or t-test analyses identified the associations between demographic, work, health, and psychosocial work factors, and self-report of LBP in the prior 12 months...
May 19, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523795/efficacy-of-an-oral-health-literacy-intervention-among-indigenous-australian-adults
#9
Xiangqun Ju, David Brennan, Eleanor Parker, Helen Mills, Kostas Kapellas, Lisa Jamieson
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of an oral health literacy intervention on oral health literacy-related outcomes among rural-dwelling Indigenous Australian adults. METHODS: A total of 400 Indigenous adults (203 intervention and 197 control participants) were recruited into a randomized controlled trial; a functional, context-specific oral health literacy interventions were developed and implemented by Indigenous staff. The intervention comprised five sessions, each lasting 1...
May 19, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516823/predictors-of-health-related-quality-of-life-in-children-with-chronic-heart-disease
#10
Mandy Niemitz, Diana C M Gunst, Hedwig H Hövels-Gürich, Michael Hofbeck, Renate Kaulitz, Christoph Galm, Felix Berger, Nicole Nagdyman, Brigitte Stiller, Thomas Borth-Bruhns, Ines Konzag, Christian Balmer, Lutz Goldbeck
OBJECTIVE: Chronic paediatric heart disease is often associated with residual symptoms, persisting functional restrictions, and late sequelae for psychosocial development. It is, therefore, increasingly important to evaluate the health-related quality of life of children and adolescents with chronic heart disease. The aim of this study was to determine medical and socio-demographic variables affecting health-related quality of life in school-aged children and adolescents with chronic heart disease...
May 18, 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512362/-copenhagen-psychosocial-questionnaire-copsoq-psychometric-properties-of-selected-scales-in-the-polish-version
#11
Maria Widerszal-Bazyl
BACKGROUND: The Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionniare (COPSOQ) has many advantages as compared to other similar instruments, i.a., it is not related to one single theoretical model and it measures a wide spectrum of psychosocial working conditions that have shown proven impact on health. The aim of the article is to summarize information on psychometric properties of 11 scales in the Polish version: Quantitative Demands, Emotional Demands, Influence at Work, Social Support, Possibilities for Development, Meaning of Work, Role Clarity, Quality of Leadership, Job Insecurity, Job Satisfaction, and General Health...
May 16, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508877/an-overview-of-female-to-male-gender-confirming-surgery
#12
REVIEW
Shane D Morrison, Mang L Chen, Curtis N Crane
Gender dysphoria is estimated to occur in approximately 25 million people worldwide, and can have severe psychosocial sequelae. Medical and surgical gender transition can substantially improve quality-of-life outcomes for individuals with gender dysphoria. Individuals seeking to undergo female-to-male (FtM) transition have various surgical options available for gender confirmation, including facial and chest masculinization, body contouring, and genital surgery. The World Professional Association for Transgender Health guidelines should be met before the patient undergoes surgery, to ensure that gender-confirming surgery is appropriate and indicated...
May 16, 2017: Nature Reviews. Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507990/development-of-an-online-evidence-based-patient-information-portal-for-congenital-heart-disease-a-pilot-study
#13
Jonathan R G Etnel, Arie P J van Dijk, Jolanda Kluin, Robin A Bertels, Elisabeth M W J Utens, Eugene van Galen, Ad J J C Bogers, Johanna J M Takkenberg
OBJECTIVES: In response to an increased need for patient information on congenital heart disease in the Netherlands, we initiated a nationwide initiative to develop an online, evidence-based patient information portal, starting with a pilot project aimed at the subgroup of patients with congenital aortic and pulmonary valve disease. METHODS AND RESULTS: We developed an information portal that aims to (1) improve patient knowledge and involvement and to subsequently reduce anxiety and decisional conflict and improve mental quality of life and (2) to support physicians in informing and communicating with their patients...
2017: Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507593/short-questionnaire-for-workplace-analysis-kfza-factorial-validation-in-physicians-and-nurses-working-in-hospital-settings
#14
Patricia Appel, Michael Schuler, Heiner Vogel, Amina Oezelsel, Hermann Faller
BACKGROUND: In recent years, there has been an increasing interest in psychosocial workplace risk assessments in Germany. One of the questionnaires commonly employed for this purpose is the Short Questionnaire for Workplace Analysis (KFZA). Originally, the KFZA was developed and validated for office workers. The aim of the present study was to examine the factorial validity of the KFZA when applied to hospital settings. Therefore, we examined the factorial structure of a questionnaire that contained all the original items plus an extension adding 11 questions specific to hospital workplaces and analyzed both, the original version and the extended version...
2017: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506867/towards-personalized-treatment-of-pain-using-a-quantitative-systems-pharmacology-approach
#15
Sebastiaan C Goulooze, Elke H J Krekels, Monique van Dijk, Dick Tibboel, Piet H van der Graaf, Thomas Hankemeier, Catherijne A J Knibbe, J G Coen van Hasselt
Pain is a complex biopsychosocial phenomenon of which the intensity, location and duration depends on various underlying components. Treatment of pain is associated with considerable inter-individual variability, and as such, requires a personalized approach. However, a priori prediction of optimal analgesic treatment for individual patients is still challenging. Another challenge is the assessment and treatment of pain in patients unable to self-report pain. In this mini-review, we first provide a brief overview of the various components underlying pain, and their associated biomarkers...
May 12, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506618/the-ptz-kindling-mouse-model-of-epilepsy-exhibits-exploratory-drive-deficits-and-aberrant-vta-dopamine-neuron-activity-in-both-familiar-and-novel-space
#16
Mahboubeh Ahmadi, Jean-Philippe Dufour, Erich Seifritz, Javad Mirnajafi-Zadeh, Bechara J Saab
Recurrent seizures that define epilepsy are often accompanied by psychosocial problems and cognitive deficits with incompletely understood aetiology. We therefore used the pentylenetetrazol (PTZ) kindling model of epilepsy in mice to examine potential seizure-associated neuropathologies, focusing on motivation, memory and novel-environment-induced activation of midbrain dopaminergic neurons. In addition to recurrent seizures, we found that PTZ kindling led to a strong suppression of novelty-driven exploration while largely sparing fear-driven exploration...
May 12, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506009/structural-equation-model-of-interactions-between-risk-factors-and-work-related-musculoskeletal-complaints-among-iranian-hospital-nurses
#17
Semira Mehralizadeh, Alireza Dehdashti, Masoud Motaelebi Kashani
BACKGROUND: Statistics indicate a high risk of developing work-related musculoskeletal disorders among hospital nurses. The challenge is to understand the associations between musculoskeletal symptoms and various individual and occupational risk factors. OBJECTIVE: This study examined the direct and indirect interactions of various risk factors with musculoskeletal complaints in hospital nurses. METHOD: In a cross-sectional design, Iranian hospital nurses from Semnan University of Medical Sciences participated in a questionnaire survey reporting their perceived perceptions of various work-related risk factors and musculoskeletal symptoms...
May 6, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505049/perceived-impairment-in-sports-participation-in-adolescents-with-inflammatory-bowel-diseases-a-preliminary-examination
#18
Jill M Plevinsky, Andrea A Wojtowicz, Natasha Poulopoulos, Kristin L Schneider, Rachel N Greenley
OBJECTIVE: Physical activity is important for adolescents with inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) given the increased risk of developing osteoporosis and the increased risk of IBD-related complications among those with IBD and obesity. Symptoms like fatigue, abdominal pain, nausea, and frequent bowel movements can interfere with physical activity. Sports participation is an important source of physical activity for adolescents; however, the extent to which IBD interferes with sports participation is unstudied...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503636/the-various-roles-of-oncology-nurse-specialists-an-international-perspective
#19
EDITORIAL
Ilana Kadmon
Ilana Kadmon, PhD, RN was for many years a nurse specialist in Breast Cancer at Hadassah Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel. From 2016, she started the role of a nurse academic consultant at the nursing division at Hadassah. Her PhD is from The University of Edinburgh, UK. Her research involved psychosocial aspects of breast cancer, and the role of the breast care nurse (BCN). She was a pioneer in developing the post of the BCN in Israel. This position was initially developed by her at Hadassah and initiated by the Israel Cancer Association...
April 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500541/ambivalence-over-emotional-expression-intrusive-thoughts-and-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-among-chinese-american-breast-cancer-survivors
#20
Qian Lu, Nelson Yeung, Jenny Man, Matthew W Gallagher, Qiao Chu, Sidra H Deen
OBJECTIVE: Posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) are common among breast cancer survivors. However, the association and the underlying mediating mechanism between psychosocial factors and PTSS were rarely investigated among breast cancer survivors. Previous studies have suggested the importance of emotional expression in cancer survivors' PTSS. This study examined the association between ambivalence over emotional expression (AEE; defined as the conflict between the desire to express feelings and the fear of its consequences) and PTSS, and proposed intrusive thoughts as the mediators in such an association...
May 12, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
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