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Psychosocial development

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213605/2017-recommendations-for-preventive-pediatric-health-care
#1
(no author information available yet)
The 2017 Recommendations for Preventive Pediatric Health Care (Periodicity Schedule) have been approved by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) and represents a consensus of AAP and the Bright Futures Periodicity Schedule Workgroup. Each child and family is unique; therefore, these recommendations are designed for the care of children who are receiving competent parenting, have no manifestations of any important health problems, and are growing and developing in a satisfactory fashion. Developmental, psychosocial, and chronic disease issues for children and adolescents may require frequent counseling and treatment visits separate from preventive care visits...
February 17, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213317/developing-and-assessing-the-acceptability-of-an-epilepsy-first-aid-training-intervention-for-patients-who-visit-uk-emergency-departments-a-multi-method-study-of-patients-and-professionals
#2
Darlene A Snape, Myfanwy Morgan, Leone Ridsdale, Steve Goodacre, Anthony G Marson, Adam J Noble
Epilepsy affects around 1% of the UK population; 40% of whom experience two or more seizures annually. However, most Emergency Department (ED) visits by people with epilepsy (PWE) are clinically unnecessary. Evidence highlights that with correct training, seizures can be safely managed by patients and their families within the community. Arguably therefore, PWE who frequently visit the ED might benefit from a self-management intervention that improves their own and their families' confidence and ability in managing seizures...
February 14, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212591/maternal-bonding-through-pregnancy-and-postnatal-findings-from-an-australian-longitudinal-study
#3
Larissa Rossen, Delyse Hutchinson, Judy Wilson, Lucinda Burns, Steve Allsop, Elizabeth J Elliott, Sue Jacobs, Jacqui A Macdonald, Craig Olsson, Richard P Mattick
Background Mother-infant bonding provides the foundation for secure attachment through the lifespan and organizes many facets of infant social-emotional development, including later parenting. Aims To describe maternal bonding to offspring across the pregnancy and postnatal periods, and to examine a broad range of sociodemographic and psychosocial predictors of the maternal-offspring bond. Methods Data were drawn from a sample of 372 pregnant women participating in an Australian population-based longitudinal study of postnatal health and development...
February 17, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212519/early-calibration-of-the-hpa-axis-by-maternal-psychopathology
#4
Heidemarie Laurent
Given the central role of stress-responsive neurophysiology in mental and physical health, it is important to understand how particular patterns of stress responsivity may become entrained by the early caregiving environment. In this study we investigated links between maternal depression and anxiety symptom profiles and within-infant development of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis responses from 6 to 18 months of life. Associations with infant cognitive and social-emotional development were also tested to gauge the adjustment implications of HPA response trajectories...
February 1, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210647/association-of-quadriceps-strength-and-psychosocial-factors-with-single-leg-hop-performance-in-patients-with-meniscectomy
#5
Chao-Jung Hsu, Steven Z George, Terese L Chmielewski
BACKGROUND: Clinicians use the single-leg hop test to assess readiness for return to sports after knee injury. Few studies have reported the results of single-leg hop testing after meniscectomy. Additionally, the contributions of impairments in quadriceps strength and psychosocial factors to single-leg hop performance are unknown. PURPOSE: To compare single-leg hop performance (distance and landing mechanics) between limbs and to examine the association of single-leg hop performance with quadriceps strength and psychosocial factors in patients with meniscectomy...
December 2016: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209161/what-support-is-needed-to-self-manage-a-rheumatic-disorder-a-qualitative-study
#6
Janet M J Been-Dahmen, Margot J Walter, Jolanda Dwarswaard, Johanna M W Hazes, AnneLoes van Staa, Erwin Ista
BACKGROUND: Today, patients are expected to take an active role in the form of self-management. Given the burden of a rheumatic disorder, the patients cannot be expected to self-manage on their own. In order to develop self-management interventions that fit patients' needs and preferences, it is essential to examine patients' perspective on how support can be optimized. This study aimed to identify support needs of outpatients with rheumatic disorders and preferences for who should provide self-management support...
February 16, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207902/methamphetamine-treatment-outcomes-among-gay-men-attending-a-lgbti-specific-treatment-service-in-sydney-australia
#7
Toby Lea, Johann Kolstee, Sarah Lambert, Ross Ness, Siobhan Hannan, Martin Holt
Gay and bisexual men (GBM) report higher rates of methamphetamine use compared to heterosexual men, and thus have a heightened risk of developing problems from their use. We examined treatment outcomes among GBM clients receiving outpatient counseling at a lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI)-specific, harm reduction treatment service in Sydney, Australia. GBM receiving treatment for methamphetamine use from ACON's Substance Support Service between 2012-15 (n = 101) were interviewed at treatment commencement, and after 4 sessions (n = 60; follow-up 1) and 8 sessions (n = 32; follow-up 2)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207470/improving-functional-and-aesthetic-outcomes-in-syndromic-patients-with-webbed-neck-deformity-utilizing-a-staged-endoscopic-assisted-approach-to-improve-the-posterior-hairline-and-decrease-scar-burden
#8
Emily Van Kouwenberg, Anmol S Chattha, Oluwaseun A Adetayo
INTRODUCTION: Webbed neck deformity (WND) can have significant functional and psychosocial impact on the developing child. Surgical correction can be challenging depending on the extent of the deformity, and patients often also have low posterior hairlines requiring simultaneous correction. Current surgical techniques include various methods of single-stage radical excision that often result in visible scar burden and residual deformity. There is currently no general consensus of which technique provides the best outcomes...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206778/personal-and-cultural-identity-development-in-recently-immigrated-hispanic-adolescents-links-with-psychosocial-functioning
#9
Alan Meca, Raha F Sabet, Colleen M Farrelly, Cynthia G Benitez, Seth J Schwartz, Melinda Gonzales-Backen, Elma I Lorenzo-Blanco, Jennifer B Unger, Byron L Zamboanga, Lourdes Baezconde-Garbanati, Simona Picariello, Sabrina E Des Rosiers, Daniel W Soto, Monica Pattarroyo, Juan A Villamar, Karina M Lizzi
OBJECTIVES: This study examined directionality between personal (i.e., coherence and confusion) and cultural identity (i.e., ethnic and U.S.) as well as their additive effects on psychosocial functioning in a sample of recently immigrated Hispanic adolescents. METHOD: The sample consisted of 302 recent (<5 years) immigrant Hispanic adolescents (53% boys; Mage = 14.51 years at baseline; SD = .88 years) from Miami and Los Angeles who participated in a longitudinal study...
February 16, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203513/comparison-of-patient-reported-outcomes-after-implant-versus-autologous-tissue-breast-reconstruction-using-the-breast-q
#10
Ortensia Pirro, Ondrej Mestak, Vincenzo Vindigni, Andrej Sukop, Veronika Hromadkova, Alena Nguyenova, Lenka Vitova, Franco Bassetto
BACKGROUND: The demand for reconstructive breast procedures of various types has accelerated in recent years. Coupled with increased patient expectations, it has fostered the development of oncoplastic and reconstructive techniques in breast surgery. In the setting of postmastectomy reconstruction, patient satisfaction and quality of life are the most significant outcome variables when evaluating surgical success. The aim of this study was to evaluate the quality of life after implant breast reconstruction compared with autologous breast reconstruction...
January 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202740/health-equity-considerations-for-developing-and-reporting-patient-reported-outcomes-in-clinical-trials-a-report-from-the-omeract-equity-special-interest-group
#11
Jennifer Petkovic, Jennifer L Barton, Caroline Flurey, Niti Goel, Christie M Bartels, Cheryl Barnabe, Maarten P T de Wit, Anne Lyddiatt, Diane Lacaille, Vivian Welch, Annelies Boonen, Beverley Shea, Robin Christensen, Lara J Maxwell, Willemina Campbell, Janet Jull, Karine Toupin-April, Jasvinder A Singh, Charles H Goldsmith, Antoine G Sreih, Christoph Pohl, Catherine Hofstetter, Dorcas E Beaton, Rachelle Buchbinder, Francis Guillemin, Peter S Tugwell
OBJECTIVE: Despite advances integrating patient-centered outcomes into rheumatologic studies, concerns remain regarding their representativeness across diverse patient groups and how this affects equity. The Outcome Measures in Rheumatology (OMERACT) Equity Working Group aims to determine whether and how to address equity issues within the core outcome sets of domains and instruments. METHODS: We surveyed current and previous OMERACT meeting attendees and members of the Campbell and Cochrane Equity Group regarding whether to address equity issues within the OMERACT Filter 2...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199069/adding-clinical-validity-to-the-statistical-power-of-large-scale-epidemiological-surveys-on-internet-addiction-in-adolescence-a-combined-approach-to-investigate-psychopathology-and-development-specific-personality-traits-associated-with-internet-addiction
#12
Kai W Müller, Michael Dreier, Eva Duven, Sebastian Giralt, Manfred E Beutel, Klaus Wölfling
OBJECTIVE: Research has indicated that internet addiction is associated with psychosocial maladjustment in adolescence. Many epidemiologic surveys are lacking representativeness, and knowledge on disorder-specific risk factors is scarce. One weakness of epidemiologic studies often regards their lack of generalizability to clinical reality. The aim of this study was to provide a detailed description of internet addiction among adolescents, focusing on its prevalence in a population-based context, psychopathological correlates, and predisposing factors...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198130/psychosocial-predictors-of-medication-adherence-in-pediatric-heart-and-lung-organ-transplantation
#13
Michael O Killian
Few studies have identified the psychosocial characteristics of those children and their families associated with future non-adherence to immunosuppressive medications following a heart or lung transplant. UNOS data and medical records information were used to test the association between patient and family psychosocial characteristics and medication adherence. Medication adherence outcomes were obtained using the physician assessments in the UNOS data and measured through patient-level standard deviation scores of immunosuppressive medication blood levels...
February 15, 2017: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196072/genetic-prediction-of-male-pattern-baldness
#14
Saskia P Hagenaars, W David Hill, Sarah E Harris, Stuart J Ritchie, Gail Davies, David C Liewald, Catharine R Gale, David J Porteous, Ian J Deary, Riccardo E Marioni
Male pattern baldness can have substantial psychosocial effects, and it has been phenotypically linked to adverse health outcomes such as prostate cancer and cardiovascular disease. We explored the genetic architecture of the trait using data from over 52,000 male participants of UK Biobank, aged 40-69 years. We identified over 250 independent genetic loci associated with severe hair loss (P<5x10-8). By splitting the cohort into a discovery sample of 40,000 and target sample of 12,000, we developed a prediction algorithm based entirely on common genetic variants that discriminated (AUC = 0...
February 2017: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194904/special-aspects-of-social-support-qualitative-analysis-of-oncologic-rehabilitation-through-a-belly-dancing-peer-support-group
#15
M Szalai, A Szirmai, K Füge, A Makai, G Erdélyi, V Prémusz, J Bódis
Tumour-related peer support groups (PSGs) show long-term development in quality of life and coping, and decrease distress in cancer care. To clarify channels of social support in oncologic rehabilitation by combined exercise and psychosocial therapy, individual semi-structured interviews were conducted after 1 year additional belly dance rehabilitation in a closed PSG among 51 patients with malignant tumour diagnosis in Budapest, Hungary. Interview data were transcribed and analysed using qualitative content analysis (ATLAS...
February 13, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194883/understanding-process-and-context-in-breastfeeding-support-interventions-the-potential-of-qualitative-research
#16
Dawn Leeming, Joyce Marshall, Abigail Locke
Considerable effort has been made in recent years to gain a better understanding of the effectiveness of different interventions for supporting breastfeeding. However, research has tended to focus primarily on measuring outcomes and has paid comparatively little attention to the relational, organizational, and wider contextual processes that may impact delivery of an intervention. Supporting a woman with breastfeeding is an interpersonal encounter that may play out differently in different contexts, despite the apparently consistent aims and structure of an intervention...
February 14, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193105/a-qualitative-analysis-of-information-sharing-in-hospice-interdisciplinary-group-meetings
#17
Karla T Washington, George Demiris, Debra Parker Oliver, Jeffrey A Swarz, Alexandria M Lewis, Uba Backonja
BACKGROUND: In the United States, hospice agencies are required to convene interdisciplinary group (IDG) meetings no less frequently than every 15 days to review patients' care plans. Challenges associated with information sharing during these meetings can impede efficiency and frustrate attendees. OBJECTIVES: We sought to examine information sharing in the context of hospice IDG meetings as a first step toward developing an informatics tool to support interdisciplinary collaboration in this setting...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190541/predictors-of-adherence-to-follow-up-recommendations-after-an-abnormal-pap-smear-among-underserved-inner-city-women
#18
Suzanne M Miller, Erin K Tagai, Kuang-Yi Wen, Minsun Lee, Siu-Kuen Azor Hui, Deirdre Kurtz, John Scarpato, Enrique Hernandez
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to identify cognitive-affective predictors of adherence to initial diagnostic colposcopy and 6-month follow-up recommendations among underserved women. METHODS: A secondary data analysis was completed of a randomized clinical trial assessing tailored telephone counseling for colposcopy adherence after an abnormal screening Pap smear among 210 underserved inner-city women. RESULTS: Adherence to initial diagnostic colposcopy was significantly associated with greater self-efficacy (OR=1...
January 31, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184294/advances-in-the-treatment-of-opioid-use-disorders
#19
REVIEW
George E Woody
The development of medications for treating persons with opioid use disorders has expanded the number of evidence-based treatment options, particularly for persons with the most severe disorders. It has also improved outcomes compared to psychosocial treatment alone and expanded treatment availability by increasing the number of physicians involved in treatment and the settings where patients can be treated. The medications include methadone, buprenorphine, buprenorphine/naloxone, and extended-release injectable naltrexone...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184240/assessing-the-validity-and-reliability-of-the-malagasy-version-of-oral-impacts-on-daily-performance-oidp-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Noeline Razanamihaja, Eva Ranivoharilanto
BACKGROUND: Evaluating health needs includes measures of the impact of state of health on the quality of life. This entails evaluating the psychosocial aspects of health. To achieve this, several tools for measuring the quality of life related to oral health have been developed. However, it is vital to evaluate the psychometric properties of these tools so they can be used in a new context and on a new population. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the reliability and validity of the Malagasy version of a questionnaire for studying the impacts of oral-dental health on daily activities (Oral Impacts on Daily Performance), and analyse the interrelations between the scores obtained and the oral health indicators...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
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