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Psychosocial development

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155956/associations-between-parental-ses-and-children-s-health-related-quality-of-life-the-role-of-objective-and-subjective-social-status
#1
Kay W Kim, Jan L Wallander, Melissa Peskin, Paula Cuccaro, Marc N Elliott, Mark A Schuster
Objective: We examined (1) the relationship that parental objective social status (OSS) and subjective social status (SSS) have with children's health-related quality of life (HRQOL), (2) whether SSS mediates the association between OSS and HRQOL, and (3) whether these associations differ among Black, Latino, and White children. Method: Data came from 4,824 Black, Latino, and White 5th graders in the Healthy PassagesTM study. OSS was measured as parent educational attainment and net equivalent household income...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152302/surgical-management-of-extensive-hypertrophic-scarring-of-the-halluces-secondary-to-a-decade-of-untreated-onychocryptosis-an-illustrative-case-report
#2
Dean J Samaras, Andrew C Kingsford
Extensive hypertrophic scarring of the halluces secondary to chronic onychocryptosis is a rare condition, which causes significant physical and psychosocial effects. In this case, a 31-year-old male developed large lesions on both great toes after he delayed treatment of chronic hallucal onychocryptosis for over a decade. Current treatment options for hypertrophic and keloid lesions in the foot and ankle vary considerably and differentiation is critical for appropriate treatment planning. In this case, surgical excision with total matrixectomy (modified Zadik-Syme) was considered optimal management...
2017: SAGE open medical case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151404/the-causes-of-school-failure-in-secondary-school-students-validation-of-a-psychosocial-model-with-structural-equations
#3
Fernando Chacón Fuertes, Carlos A Huertas Hurtado
The objective of the study was to determine the causal effects of school failure (SF) among secondary school students, belonging to five public schools within the region of Girardota, Colombia, through the validation of a psychosocial model with structural equations. A total of 319 students, 25% more males, enrolled in classes between 6th and 11th year, with an average age of 14 years. Furthermore, 265 parents and 200 teachers were also included in the sample. Participants answered the questions raised in 9 instruments...
November 20, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151281/skeletal-muscle-performance-and-ageing
#4
REVIEW
Michael Tieland, Inez Trouwborst, Brian C Clark
The world population is ageing rapidly. As society ages, the incidence of physical limitations is dramatically increasing, which reduces the quality of life and increases healthcare expenditures. In western society, ~30% of the population over 55 years is confronted with moderate or severe physical limitations. These physical limitations increase the risk of falls, institutionalization, co-morbidity, and premature death. An important cause of physical limitations is the age-related loss of skeletal muscle mass, also referred to as sarcopenia...
November 19, 2017: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150379/changes-in-maxillofacial-morphology-and-velopharyngeal-function-with-two-stage-maxillary-distraction-mandibular-setback-surgery-in-patients-with-cleft-lip-and-palate
#5
T Susami, Y Mori, K Ohkubo, M Takahashi, Y Hirano, H Saijo, T Takato
Maxillary distraction is increasingly used for the correction of severe maxillary retrusion in patients with cleft lip and palate. However, control of the maxillary movement is difficult, and the need to wear visible distractors for a long period of time causes psychosocial problems. A two-stage surgical approach consisting of maxillary distraction and mandibular setback was developed to overcome these problems. In this study, changes in maxillofacial morphology and velopharyngeal function were examined in 22 patients with cleft lip and palate who underwent this two-stage approach...
November 14, 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149905/the-kusamala-program-for-primary-caregivers-of-children-6-59-months-of-age-hospitalized-with-severe-acute-malnutrition-in-malawi-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Allison I Daniel, Meta van den Heuvel, Wieger P Voskuijl, Melissa Gladstone, Mike Bwanali, Isabel Potani, Celine Bourdon, Jenala Njirammadzi, Robert H J Bandsma
BACKGROUND: Severe acute malnutrition (SAM) is associated with high mortality rates and impairments in growth and development in children that do survive. There are complex nutritional, health, and behavioural risk factors involving severely malnourished children and their primary caregivers, requiring integrated intervention approaches. METHODS: A cluster-randomized controlled trial at the Queen Elizabeth Central Hospital in Blantyre, Malawi will be conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of a 4-day hospital-based intervention programme directed at primary caregivers...
November 17, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149460/the-impact-of-a-prolonged-stay-in-the-icu-on-patients-fundamental-care-needs
#7
Claire Minton, Lesley Batten, Annette Huntington
AIM: To explore patients', families', and health professionals' experiences of a long-stay patient in an intensive care unit. BACKGROUND: The fast-paced technologically driven intensive care unit environment, designed for a short patient stay, supports the provision of complex physiologically-focused care for those with life-threatening illnesses. Long stay patients with pronounced fundamental care needs fall outside predicted patient pathways, and nurses can find caring for these patients challenging...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147758/a-systematic-review-assessing-non-pharmacological-conservative-treatment-studies-for-people-with-non-inflammatory-multi-joint-pain-clinical-outcomes-and-research-design-considerations
#8
REVIEW
C Comer, T O Smith, B Drew, R Raja, S R Kingsbury, Philip G Conaghan
To systematically review the evidence to determine the clinical outcomes and the important methodological quality features of interventional studies on adults with non-inflammatory multi-joint pain (MJP). Systematic search of published and unpublished literature using the databases: AMED, CINAHL, MEDLINE, EMBASE, psycINFO, SPORTDiscus, PEDro, OpenGrey, the EU Clinical Trials Register, World Health Organization International Clinical Trial Registry Platform, ClinicalTrials.gov and the ISRCTN registry (search: inception to 19th October 2017)...
November 16, 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146667/building-better-bridges-into-stem-a-synthesis-of-25-years-of-literature-on-stem-summer-bridge-programs
#9
Michael Ashley, Katelyn M Cooper, Jacqueline M Cala, Sara E Brownell
Summer bridge programs are designed to help transition students into the college learning environment. Increasingly, bridge programs are being developed in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) disciplines because of the rigorous content and lower student persistence in college STEM compared with other disciplines. However, to our knowledge, a comprehensive review of STEM summer bridge programs does not exist. To provide a resource for bridge program developers, we conducted a systematic review of the literature on STEM summer bridge programs...
2017: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145738/development-of-a-psychosocial-group-intervention-for-individuals-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-innovative-practice
#10
Karen Barton, Ian Johnson, Amy Mountford
A diagnosis of mild cognitive impairment is associated with an increase in anxiety and depression and a decrease in psychological well-being. Despite this, individuals with mild cognitive impairment may not receive the appropriate support needed to manage the emotional and practical elements of their diagnosis. A psychosocial group intervention based on the 'Recovery Model' was developed in order to meet these needs. Outcome data from a trial of this group intervention indicated it was successful in meeting its aims...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143627/conceptualizing-pathways-linking-women-s-empowerment-and-prematurity-in-developing-countries
#11
Patience A Afulani, Molly Altman, Joseph Musana, May Sudhinaraset
BACKGROUND: Globally, prematurity is the leading cause of death in children under the age of 5. Many efforts have focused on clinical approaches to improve the survival of premature babies. There is a need, however, to explore psychosocial, sociocultural, economic, and other factors as potential mechanisms to reduce the burden of prematurity. Women's empowerment may be a catalyst for moving the needle in this direction. The goal of this paper is to examine links between women's empowerment and prematurity in developing settings...
November 8, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141680/applying-a-community-based-participatory-research-approach-to-improve-access-to-healthcare-for-eritrean-asylum-seekers-in-israel-a-pilot-study
#12
Nora Gottlieb, Tomer Weinstein, Jonah Mink, Habtom M Ghebrezghiabher, Zebib Sultan, Rachel Reichlin
BACKGROUND: Israel hosts approximately 50,000 asylum seekers, most of them from Eritrea. Exclusive policies restrict their access to healthcare. In 2013, local activists partnered with Eritrean asylum seekers to assess health needs as well as willingness to pay for health insurance among the Eritrean communities. This initiative was meant as a step towards jointly advocating access to Israel's public healthcare system and towards strengthening collective efficacy among the asylum-seeking communities, as well as a first attempt to apply a community-based participatory research (CBPR) approach to migrant health research in Israel...
November 15, 2017: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140950/development-of-clinical-process-measures-for-pediatric-burn-care-understanding-variation-in-practice-patterns
#13
Lewis E Kazis, Robert L Sheridan, Gabriel D Shapiro, Austin F Lee, Matthew H Liang, Colleen M Ryan, Jeffrey C Schneider, Martha Lydon, Marina Soley-Bori, Lily A Sonis, Emily C Dore, Tina Palmieri, David Herndon, Walter Meyer, Petra Warner, Richard Kagan, Frederick J Stoddard, Michael Murphy, Ronald G Tompkins
BACKGROUND: There has been little systematic examination of variation in pediatric burn care clinical practices and its effect on outcomes. As a first step, current clinical care processes need to be operationally defined. The highly specialized burn care units of the Shriners Hospitals for Children system present an opportunity to describe the processes of care. The aim of this study was to develop a set of process-based measures for pediatric burn care and examine adherence to them by providers in a cohort of pediatric burn patients...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139185/mental-health-literacy-a-cross-cultural-study-of-american-and-chinese-bachelor-of-nursing-students
#14
Wei Liu, Ya-Min Li, Ying Peng
INTRODUCTION: Nursing students in the US and China have reported inadequate preparedness for practice in mental health nursing. It is important to investigate nursing students' mental health literacy levels for a better understanding of their practice readiness in mental health field upon completion of their education. AIM: This study was aimed at developing an understanding of American and Chinese nursing students' mental health literacy regarding the effectiveness of specific interventions for managing depression and schizophrenia...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136416/daily-shoulder-pain-among-flight-baggage-handlers-and-its-association-with-work-tasks-and-upper-arm-postures-on-the-same-day
#15
Eva L Bergsten, Svend Erik Mathiassen, Lydia Kwak, Eva Vingård
Objectives: This study of flight baggage handlers aimed at examining the extent to which shoulder pain developed during single work shifts, and whether a possible development was associated with biomechanical exposures and psychosocial factors during the same shift. Methods: Data were collected during, in total, 82 work shifts in 44 workers. Right and left shoulder pain intensity was rated just before and just after the shift (VAS scale 0-100 mm). Objective data on 'time in extreme' and 'time in neutral' upper arm postures were obtained for the full shift using accelerometers, and the baggage handlers registered the number of 'aircrafts handled' in a diary...
November 10, 2017: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136302/the-sociotype-in-dermatology
#16
S E Marron, R Del Moral, J Navarro, S Lamas, P C Marijuan, L Tomas-Aragones
Skin diseases can be the cause of a significant psychosocial burden for those who suffer them. A number of studies have considered issues such as a lower quality of life, increased anxiety, depression, suicidal ideation and other psychological disorders(1-3) . However, adequate means for evaluating social interaction difficulties, diminished social networks, and the impoverished conversational exchanges that affect the wellbeing and mental health of the individual have not been sufficiently developed. This article is protected by copyright...
November 14, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135075/the-role-of-body-mind-and-environment-in-preterm-birth-mind-the-gap
#17
REVIEW
Shelby Yamamoto, Shahirose Premji
Preterm birth continues to be a problem affecting low-, middle-, and high-income countries, with rates increasing in some areas despite ongoing efforts to reduce the incidence. This emphasizes the need for more effective interventions, particularly if we aim to achieve the broad health targets of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by 2030. The current focus on medically-oriented interventions such as reducing nonmedically-indicated induction of labor, cesarean birth, and multiple embryo transfers associated with assisted reproductive technologies, as well as the application of cervical cerclage and use of progesterone therapy, though important, are likely only partial solutions to the complex phenomenon of preterm birth...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132272/traumatic-brain-injury-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-conceptual-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-considerations-in-the-context-of-co-occurrence
#18
Jennifer J Vasterling, Shawna N Jacob, Ann Rasmusson
The events leading to traumatic brain injury (TBI) are often psychologically traumatic (e.g., motor vehicle accidents) or occur within a broader context of psychological trauma, such as military combat or recurrent interpersonal violence. In such cases, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) may develop and serve to complicate TBI recovery. Likewise, brain trauma may impede emotional resolution following psychological trauma exposure. This article addresses comorbid PTSD and TBI, including the epidemiology of PTSD following TBI; the clinical presentation of the comorbidity; potential mechanisms that complicate recovery from psychological trauma and TBI when they co-occur; and considerations for the clinical management of PTSD in the context of TBI, including implications for both psychosocial and psychopharmacological PTSD treatments...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131727/guidelines-for-teaching-yoga-to-women-with-breast-cancer-related-lymphoedema-an-evidence-based-approach
#19
Annette Loudon, Tony Barnett, Andrew D Williams, Denis Visentin, Maarten A Immink, Neil Piller
Breast cancer-related lymphoedema (BCRL) is a chronic condition that requires lifelong management to prevent the condition worsening and to reduce the threat of infection. Women are affected in all domains of their life. As a holistic practice, yoga may be of benefit by reducing both the physical and psychosocial effects of lymphoedema. Women with BCRL are attending yoga classes in increasing numbers, so it is essential that yoga be based on principles that ensure lymphoedema is controlled and not exacerbated...
November 2017: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131678/exergames-designed-for-older-adults-a-pilot-evaluation-on-psychosocial-well-being
#20
Jinhui Li, Xuexin Xu, Pham Tan Phat, Yin-Leng Theng, Niina Katajapuu, Mika Luimula
OBJECTIVE: Exergames are increasingly been used in the primary healthcare domain for older adults who are 65 years and above. However, most of the exergames on current market are not designed for the aging population. The current study introduced five new exergames developed for elderly and evaluated their benefits. METHODS: Five new exergames were developed by researchers from Finland, Singapore, and Japan, in which the game topics, difficulties, and user interface were designed particularly for older adults...
November 13, 2017: Games for Health
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