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Psychosocial development

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350947/traumatic-spinal-cord-injury-repair-and-regeneration
#1
Christopher S Ahuja, Satoshi Nori, Lindsay Tetreault, Jefferson Wilson, Brian Kwon, James Harrop, David Choi, Michael G Fehlings
BACKGROUND: Traumatic spinal cord injuries (SCI) have devastating consequences for the physical, financial, and psychosocial well-being of patients and their caregivers. Expediently delivering interventions during the early postinjury period can have a tremendous impact on long-term functional recovery. PATHOPHYSIOLOGY: This is largely due to the unique pathophysiology of SCI where the initial traumatic insult (primary injury) is followed by a progressive secondary injury cascade characterized by ischemia, proapoptotic signaling, and peripheral inflammatory cell infiltration...
March 1, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350836/perceived-psychosocial-stress-and-gestational-weight-gain-among-women-with-gestational-diabetes
#2
Ai Kubo, Assiamira Ferrara, Susan D Brown, Samantha F Ehrlich, Ai-Lin Tsai, Charles P Quesenberry, Yvonne Crites, Monique M Hedderson
Growing evidence links perceived stress-a potentially modifiable psychosocial risk factor-with health behaviors and obesity. Yet little is known about the relationship between stress during pregnancy and gestational weight gain, particularly among women with pregnancy complications. We conducted a cross-sectional analysis to examine associations between psychosocial stress during pregnancy and gestational weight gain among women with gestational diabetes. We used baseline data from the Gestational Diabetes's Effects on Moms (GEM) study: 1,353 women with gestational diabetes who delivered a term singleton within Kaiser Permanente Northern California were included...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350657/normative-data-for-interpreting-the-breast-q-augmentation
#3
Lily R Mundy, Karen Homa, Anne F Klassen, Andrea L Pusic, Carolyn L Kerrigan
BACKGROUND: The BREAST-Q is a rigorously developed, well-validated, patient-reported outcome instrument with a module designed for evaluating breast augmentation outcomes. However, there are no published normative BREAST-Q scores, limiting interpretation. METHODS: Normative data were generated for the BREAST-Q Augmentation module by means of the Army of Women, an online community of women (with and without breast cancer) engaged in breast-cancer related research...
April 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350492/addressing-stillbirth-in-india-must-include-men
#4
Lisa Roberts, Susanne Montgomery, Gayatri Ganesh, Harinder Pal Kaur, Ratan Singh
BACKGROUND: Millennium Development Goal 4, to reduce child mortality, can only be achieved by reducing stillbirths globally. A confluence of medical and sociocultural factors contribute to the high stillbirth rates in India. The psychosocial aftermath of stillbirth is a well-documented public health problem, though less is known of the experience for men, particularly outside of the Western context. Therefore, men's perceptions and knowledge regarding reproductive health, as well as maternal-child health are important...
March 28, 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346762/predicting-the-pain-continuum-after-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-surgery-a-prospective-cohort-study
#5
V Chidambaran, L Ding, D L Moore, K Spruance, E M Cudilo, V Pilipenko, M Hossain, P Sturm, S Kashikar-Zuck, L J Martin, S Sadhasivam
BACKGROUND: Chronic postsurgical pain (CPSP) affects half a million children annually in the United States, with dire socioeconomic consequences, including long-term disability into adulthood. The few studies of CPSP in children are limited by sample size, follow-up duration, non-homogeneity of surgical procedure and factors evaluated. METHODS: In a prospective study of 144 adolescents undergoing a single major surgery (spine fusion), we evaluated demographic, perioperative, surgical and psychosocial factors as predictors of a continuum of postsurgical pain: immediate, pain maintenance at 2-3 months (chronic pain/CP) and persistence of pain a year (persistent pain/PP) after surgery...
March 27, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346758/commentary-distillation-and-element-based-design-of-psychological-treatments-in-global-mental-health-a-commentary-on-brown-et%C3%A2-al-2017
#6
Daniel Michelson, Vikram Patel
This commentary reflects on the "elements" approach in psychological treatment research, and its specific application to a systematic review of psychosocial interventions for youth in conflict-affected areas. We discuss three key questions for the field. First, what psychological treatment elements are necessary and/or sufficient to achieve clinically significant change for a given population? Second, how should elements be sequenced to achieve optimal outcomes? Third, what might account for the large heterogeneity observed in psychological treatment trials, other than the constituent practice elements? We conclude by describing a new research programme that aims to develop a transdiagnostic intervention targeting common mental health difficulties among school-going adolescents in India...
April 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340546/a-qualitative-study-of-cognitive-behavioral-and-psychosocial-challenges-associated-with-pediatric-type-2-diabetes-in-ethnic-minority-parents-and-adolescents
#7
Sara M St George, Elizabeth R Pulgarón, Dina Ferranti, Yaray Agosto, Maria I Toro, Kevin C Ramseur, Alan M Delamater
Purpose The purpose of this descriptive qualitative study was to explore cognitive, behavioral, and psychosocial challenges associated with having and/or parenting an adolescent with pediatric type 2 diabetes (T2D) from the perspectives of ethnic minority parents and adolescents. Methods Ethnic minority (79.2% non-Hispanic black, 29.6% Hispanic) adolescents (n = 14, 78.6% female, 14.7 ± 1.9 years) and their parents (n = 13, 100% female) participated in either individual family interviews or multifamily focus group sessions...
April 2017: Diabetes Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340118/group-music-therapy-as-a-preventive-intervention-for-young-people-at-risk-cluster-randomized-trial
#8
Christian Gold, Suvi Saarikallio, Alexander Hew Dale Crooke, Katrina Skewes McFerran
Background: Music forms an important part of the lives and identities of adolescents and may have positive or negative mental health implications. Music therapy can be effective for mental disorders such as depression, but its preventive potential is unknown. Objective: The aim of this study was to examine whether group music therapy (GMT) is an effective intervention for young people who may be at risk of developing mental health problems, as indicated via unhealthy music use...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Music Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339420/a-pilot-study-of-a-worksite-based-participatory-intervention-program-its-acceptability-and-short-term-effects-on-work-climate-and-attitudes-in-human-service-employees
#9
Eva Charlotta Nylén, Petra Lindfors, Lars Ishäll, Sara Göransson, Gunnar Aronsson, Camilla Kylin, Magnus Sverke
BACKGROUND: Psychosocial factors, including job demands and poor resources, have been linked to stress, health problems, and negative job attitudes. However, worksite based interventions and programs targeting psychosocial factors may change employees' perceptions of their work climate and work attitudes. OBJECTIVE: This pilot study describes a newly developed worksite based participatory organizational intervention program that was tested in the social service sector...
March 23, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336768/care-of-girls-and-women-with-turner-syndrome-beyond-growth-and-hormones
#10
Caroline Culen, Diana-Allexandra Ertl, Katharina Schubert, Lisa Bartha-Doering, Gabriele Haeusler
Turner syndrome (TS), although considered a rare disease, is the most common sex chromosome abnormality in women, with an incident of 1 in 2,500 female births. TS is characterized by distinctive physical features such as short stature, ovarian dysgenesis, an increased risk for heart and renal defects as well as a specific cognitive and psychosocial phenotype. Given the complexity of the condition, patients face manifold difficulties which increase over the lifespan. Furthermore, failures during the transitional phase to adult care result in moderate health outcomes and decreased quality of life...
March 23, 2017: Endocrine Connections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334588/applying-the-chronic-care-model-to-improve-care-and-outcomes-at-a-pediatric-medical-center
#11
Jennifer Lail, Pamela J Schoettker, Denise L White, Bhavna Mehta, Uma R Kotagal
BACKGROUND: Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center launched the Condition Outcomes Improvement Initiative in 2012 to help disease-based teams use the principles of improvement science to implement components of the Chronic Care Model and improve outpatient care delivery for populations of children with chronic and complex conditions. The goal was to improve outcomes by 20% from baseline. METHODS: Initiative activities included review of the evidence to choose and measure outcomes, development of condition-specific patient registries and tools for data collection, patient stratification, planning and coordinating care before and after visits, and self-management support...
March 2017: Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333778/cochlear-implant-in-severe-impaired-psychiatric-patients-a-case-series
#12
Ioana T Herisanu, Mark Praetorius, Margarete Mattern
OBJECTIVE: Psychotic disorders and intelligence deficiencies are no longer contraindications for cochlear implantation regarding the revised German guidelines from May 2012. This article aims to evaluate the outcome of patients with severe psychiatric comorbidities. Therefore the database of the Cochlear Implant Center of the University Hospital of Heidelberg was investigated. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case review. METHODS: We present three patients who received a cochlear implant (CI) despite a serious psychiatric disorder...
March 22, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333477/perceived-discrimination-cultural-identity-development-and-intimate-partner-violence-among-a-sample-of-hispanic-young-adults
#13
Myriam Forster, Timothy J Grigsby, Daniel W Soto, Steve Y Sussman, Jennifer B Unger
OBJECTIVE: Despite the prevalence of interpersonal violence (IPV), scientific understanding of the risk and protective factors for unidirectional and bidirectional IPV, and especially the role of sociocultural variables in these behaviors, is limited. This study investigates the association between ethnic-identity search, ethnic-identity affirmation, perceived discrimination, and unidirectional (victimization only, perpetration only) and bidirectional (reciprocal violence) IPV behaviors among foreign-born and U...
March 23, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333180/influence-of-the-disease-label-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-on-intention-to-have-an-ultrasound-and-psychosocial-outcomes-a-randomised-online-study-in-young-women
#14
Tessa Copp, Kirsten McCaffery, Lamiae Azizi, Jenny Doust, Ben W J Mol, Jesse Jansen
STUDY QUESTION: Does the disease label 'polycystic ovary syndrome' (PCOS) have an impact on desire for medical testing and psychosocial outcomes? SUMMARY ANSWER: When given the disease label PCOS in a hypothetical scenario, participants had higher intention to have an ultrasound, perceived the condition to be more severe and had lower self-esteem than those not given the disease label. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Widening diagnostic criteria and improved imaging sensitivity have increased the number of reproductive-aged women diagnosed with PCOS from 4% to 8% to up to 21%...
February 18, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331743/psychiatric-symptoms-and-psychosocial-problems-in-patients-with-breast-cancer
#15
REVIEW
Filiz İzci, Ahmet Serkan İlgün, Ebru Fındıklı, Vahit Özmen
Cancer is a physical disease and also one of the leading clinical manifestations where psychosocial problems are prevalent. Psychosocial problems that these patients may have in the long run include anxiety, uneasiness, mourning, helplessness, fatigue, impairment of concentration, sleep disorders, mental and cognitive reservation, sexual dysfunction, infertility, psychological distress, and psychiatric disorders. Psychosocial problems have a nature of underpinning the emergence of psychological troubles. The prevalence of psychological disorders in patients with cancer range from 29% to 47%...
July 2016: J Breast Health (2013)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331238/psychological-stress-and-coping-resources-during-primary-systemic-therapy-for-breast-cancer-results-of-a-prospective-study
#16
Volker Tschuschke, Georgios Karadaglis, Kalliopi Evangelou, Clara Gräfin von Schweinitz, Jürgen Schwickerath
Introduction This prospective study reports on the impact of psychological factors on women with primary breast cancer undergoing neoadjuvant chemotherapy. These women are in a special situation, where they not only have to deal with the shock of the cancer diagnosis but also with the fact that the malignant tumor will not be removed immediately but only after completing chemotherapy. A situation like this is stressful and requires a personal strength which not every woman may have. Methods In a prospective study 53 patients were assessed using various psychological and psycho-oncological questionnaires which aimed to evaluate their psychological stress and their coping resources...
February 2017: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330400/academic-responses-to-fukushima-disaster
#17
Kiyotaka Yasui, Yuko Kimura, Kenji Kamiya, Rie Miyatani, Naohiro Tsuyama, Akira Sakai, Koji Yoshida, Shunichi Yamashita, Rethy Chhem, May Abdel-Wahab, Akira Ohtsuru
Since radiation accidents, particularly nuclear disasters, are rarer than other types of disasters, a comprehensive radiation disaster medical curriculum for them is currently unavailable. The Fukushima compound disaster has urged the establishment of a new medical curriculum in preparation for any future complex disaster. The medical education will aim to aid decision making on various health risks for workers, vulnerable people, and residents addressing each phase in the disaster. Herein, we introduce 3 novel educational programs that have been initiated to provide students, professionals, and leaders with the knowledge of and skills to elude the social consequences of complex nuclear disasters...
March 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330396/psychosocial-issues-related-to-thyroid-examination-after-a-radiation-disaster
#18
Sanae Midorikawa, Koichi Tanigawa, Satoru Suzuki, Akira Ohtsuru
A thyroid ultrasound examination program has been conducted in the aftermath of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident to address concerns about the increased risk of thyroid cancer similar to those experienced by local residents after the 1986 Chernobyl accident. This is the second-largest thyroid cancer screening in younger age ever, following only that conducted after Chernobyl. As the natural history of thyroid cancer in younger populations is not well characterized, large-scale screening using thyroid ultrasound could result in overdiagnosis, even with careful planning, as has been experienced in South Korea...
March 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327118/sociodemographic-and-delivery-risk-factors-for-developing-postpartum-depression-in-a-sample-of-3233-mothers-from-the-czech-elspac-study
#19
Adam Fiala, Jan Švancara, Jana Klánová, Tomáš Kašpárek
BACKGROUND: In the postpartum period, certain groups of women are at a higher risk for developing depressive episodes. Several studies have described risk factors for developing postpartum depression (PPD). However, these studies have used limited numbers of participants, and therefore the estimated prevalence of PPD varies greatly. METHODS: The objective of this study is to identify the main risk factors for developing PPD by using data collected via the Czech version of the European Longitudinal Study of Pregnancy and Childhood (ELSPAC)...
March 21, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326605/development-of-a-short-form-of-the-attitudes-to-ageing-questionnaire-aaq
#20
Ken Laidlaw, Naoko Kishita, Susan D Shenkin, Michael J Power
OBJECTIVES: The original 24-item Attitudes to Aging Questionnaire (AAQ) is well established as a measure of attitudes to aging, comprising domains of psychosocial loss (PL), physical change (PC), and psychological growth (PG). This paper presents a new 12-item short form Attitudes to Aging Questionnaire (AAQ-SF). METHODS: The original field trial data used to develop the 24-item AAQ (AAQ-24) were used to compare 6-item, 9-item, and 12-item versions of AAQ-SF (sample 1, n = 2487) and to test the discriminative validity of the selected 12-item AAQ-SF (sample 2, n = 2488)...
March 22, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
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