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Psychosocial development

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341148/outcomes-after-prophylactic-gastrectomy-for-hereditary-diffuse-gastric-cancer
#1
R T van der Kaaij, J P van Kessel, J M van Dieren, P Snaebjornsson, O Balagué, F van Coevorden, L E van der Kolk, K Sikorska, A Cats, J W van Sandick
BACKGROUND: Patients with hereditary diffuse gastric cancer and a CDH1 mutation have a 60-80 per cent lifetime risk of developing diffuse gastric cancer. Total prophylactic gastrectomy eliminates this risk, but is associated with considerable morbidity. The effectiveness (removal of all gastric mucosa) and outcomes of this procedure were evaluated retrospectively. METHODS: All consecutive individuals undergoing a prophylactic gastrectomy for a CDH1 mutation or gastric signet ring cell foci at the authors' institute between 2005 and 2017 were included...
January 2018: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340756/differential-effect-of-a-patient-education-transition-intervention-in-adolescents-with-ibd-vs-diabetes
#2
Silke Schmidt, Henriette Markwart, Franziska Bomba, Holger Muehlan, Annette Findeisen, Martina Kohl, Ingo Menrath, Ute Thyen
Patient education programs (PEPs) to improve disease management are part of standard and regular treatment in adolescents with diabetes. In Germany, youth with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) receive individual counseling but not PEPs in group settings. Generic PEPs have been developed in order to improve transition from child-centered to adolescent health services. The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of a transition-oriented PEP on quality of life (QoL) and self-management in young patients with IBD (PEP naive), compared to patients with diabetes (familiar with PEPs)...
January 16, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338989/relations-between-self-reported-and-linguistic-monitoring-assessments-of-affective-experience-in-an-extreme-environment
#3
Nathan Smith
INTRODUCTION: Approaches for monitoring psychosocial health in challenging environments are needed to maintain the performance and safety of personnel. The purpose of the present research was to examine the relationship between 2 candidate methods (self-reported and linguistics) for monitoring affective experience during extreme environment activities. METHODS: A single-subject repeated-measures design was used in the present work. The participant was a 46-year-old individual scheduled to complete a self-supported ski expedition across Arctic Greenland...
January 12, 2018: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338295/a-scoping-review-of-inclusive-out-of-school-time-physical-activity-programs-for-children-and-youth-with-physical-disabilities
#4
Kelly P Arbour-Nicitopoulos, Viviane Grassmann, Krystn Orr, Amy C McPherson, Guy E Faulkner, F Virginia Wright
The objective of this study was to comprehensively evaluate inclusive out-of-school time physical activity programs for children/youth with physical disabilities. A search of the published literature was conducted and augmented by international expertise. A quality appraisal was conducted; only studies with quality ratings ≥60% informed our best practice recommendations. Seventeen studies were included using qualitative (n = 9), quantitative (n = 5), or mixed (n = 3) designs. Programs had a diversity of age groups, group sizes, and durations...
January 17, 2018: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337847/hiv-care-continuum-disparities-among-bisexual-black-men-and-the-mediating-effect-of-psychosocial-co-morbidities
#5
M Reuel Friedman, Jordan M Sang, Leigh A Bukowski, Derrick D Matthews, Lisa A Eaton, H Fisher Raymond, Ron Stall
INTRODUCTION: Differences across the HIV care continuum between men who have sex with men and women (MSMW) and men who have sex with men only (MSMO) are emerging in recent literature but have not been comprehensively documented among Black MSM. Although MSMW have lower HIV prevalence than MSMO, they are more likely to be HIV-positive unaware and be virally unsuppressed. Explanatory factors for these differences have not previously been assessed. METHODS: Between 2014-2016, we surveyed sexually active Black MSM ≥18 years old at Black Gay Pride events in six U...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336666/educational-needs-of-health-professionals-caring-for-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-cancer
#6
Natalie K Bradford, Rebecca Greenslade, Rachel M Edwards, Rebekah Orford, Jane Roach, Roslyn Henney
BACKGROUND: Young people with cancer have distinct clinical and psychosocial needs during and after cancer treatment. However, as adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancer is rare, and only recently recognized as specialty, health professionals may not have the skills, competence, and confidence to meet the needs of the young patient with cancer. The aim of this study was to identify the learning needs of health professionals providing cancer care to adolescents and young adults before and following the introduction of a state-wide AYA cancer education program...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335233/internet-based-group-intervention-for-ovarian-cancer-survivors-feasibility-and-preliminary-results
#7
Ellen M Kinner, Jessica S Armer, Bonnie A McGregor, Jennifer Duffecy, Susan Leighton, Marya E Corden, Janine Gauthier Mullady, Frank J Penedo, Susan K Lutgendorf
BACKGROUND: Development of psychosocial group interventions for ovarian cancer survivors has been limited. Drawing from elements of cognitive-behavioral stress management (CBSM), mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR), and acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT), we developed and conducted preliminary testing of an Internet-based group intervention tailored specifically to meet the needs of ovarian cancer survivors. The Internet-based platform facilitated home delivery of the psychosocial intervention to a group of cancer survivors for whom attending face-to-face programs could be difficult given their physical limitations and the small number of ovarian cancer survivors at any one treatment site...
January 15, 2018: JMIR Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334035/neural-correlates-of-ostracism-in-transgender-persons-living-according-to-their-gender-identity-a-potential-risk-marker-for-psychopathology
#8
Sven C Mueller, Katrien Wierckx, Sara Boccadoro, Guy T'Sjoen
BACKGROUND: Stigmatization in society carries a high risk for development of psychopathology. Transgender persons are at particularly high risk for such stigmatization and social rejection by others. However, the neural correlates of ostracism in this group have not been captured. METHOD: Twenty transgender men (TM, female-to-male) and 19 transgender women (TW, male-to-female) already living in their gender identity and 20 cisgender men (CM) and 20 cisgender women (CW) completed a cyberball task assessing both exclusion and re-inclusion during functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI)...
January 15, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331697/longitudinal-trajectories-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-ptsd-after-birth-and-associated-risk-factors
#9
Pelin Dikmen-Yildiz, Susan Ayers, Louise Phillips
BACKGROUND: Although longitudinal trajectories of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are well-established in general trauma populations, very little is known about the trajectories of birth-related PTSD. This study aimed to identify trajectories of birth-related PTSD; determine factors associated with each trajectory; and identify women more likely to develop birth-related PTSD. METHOD: 226 women who had traumatic childbirth according to DSM-IV criterion A were drawn from a community sample of 950 women...
January 2, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330174/views-and-experiences-of-seeking-information-and-help-for-vitiligo-a-qualitative-study-of-written-accounts
#10
Emma Teasdale, Ingrid Muller, Amirah Abdullah Sani, Kim S Thomas, Beth Stuart, Miriam Santer
OBJECTIVES: Vitiligo is a relatively common autoimmune condition causing loss of skin pigment. Around 1 in 100 people in the UK develop vitiligo. It can have a significant impact on quality of life for many of those affected. How people access information and help for vitiligo may influence how they manage such impact. We aimed to explore people's views and experiences of seeking health information and help for vitiligo. DESIGN: Qualitative analysis of free-text responses to four open-ended questions in an online survey...
January 11, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329540/children-with-albinism-in-african-regions-their-rights-to-being-and-doing
#11
Anita Franklin, Patricia Lund, Caroline Bradbury-Jones, Julie Taylor
BACKGROUND: Albinism is an inherited condition with a relatively high prevalence in populations throughout sub-Saharan Africa. People with oculocutaneous albinism have little or no pigment in their hair, skin and eyes; thus they are visually impaired and extremely sensitive to the damaging effect of the sun on their skin. Aside from the health implications of oculocutaneous albinism, there are also significant sociocultural risks. The impacts of albinism are particularly serious in areas that associate albinism with legend and folklore, leading to stigmatisation and discrimination...
January 12, 2018: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328358/team-development-measure-in-interprofessional-graduate-education-a-pilot-study
#12
Lora Humphrey Beebe, Marian Roman, Gary Skolits, Hollie Raynor, Dixie Thompson, Andrea Franks
A faculty team developed the 4-week Recovery-Based Interprofessional Distance Education (RIDE) rotation for graduate students in their disciplines. The evaluation team identified the Team Development Measure (TDM) as a potential alternative to reflect team development during the RIDE rotation. The TDM, completed anonymously online, was piloted on the second student cohort (N = 18) to complete the RIDE rotation. The overall pretest mean was 60.73 points (SD = 11.85) of a possible 100 points, indicating that students anticipated their RIDE team would function at a moderately high level during the 4-week rotation...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328357/sensitizing-inpatient-mental-health-staff-to-the-challenges-of-aging
#13
Michelle R Zechner, Joseph C Birkmann, Jennifer Sperduto, Carlos Pratt
Although the aging inpatient population in state psychiatric hospitals is growing significantly, there are few examples of available training to improve staff knowledge and practice. The current article describes a 10-week training series developed through a university and psychiatric hospital collaboration. Training was attended by 135 direct care nursing and rehabilitation staff and focused on improving aging awareness, problem solving, using person-centered therapeutic techniques, and engaging older adults...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326814/paediatric-dentistry-novel-evolvement
#14
REVIEW
Saleha Shah
Pediatric dentistry provides primary and comprehensive preventive and therapeutic oral health care for infants and children through adolescence, together with special health care needs. This specialty encompasses a variety of skills, disciplines, procedures and techniques that share a common origin with other dental specialties however these have been modified and reformed to the distinctive requirements of infants, children, adolescents and special health care needs. Disciplines comprise of behavior guidance, care of the medically and developmentally compromised and disabled patient, supervision of orofacial growth and development, caries prevention, sedation, pharmacological management, and hospital dentistry including other traditional fields of dentistry...
January 2018: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325791/the-therapeutic-effects-of-cannabis-and-cannabinoids-an-update-from-the-national-academies-of-sciences-engineering-and-medicine-report
#15
REVIEW
Donald I Abrams
The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine conducted a rapid turn-around comprehensive review of recent medical literature on The Health Effects of Cannabis and Cannabinoids. The 16-member committee adopted the key features of a systematic review process, conducting an extensive search of relevant databases and considered 10,000 recent abstracts to determine their relevance. Primacy was given to recently published systematic reviews and primary research that studied one of the committee's 11 prioritized health endpoints- therapeutic effects; cancer incidence; cardiometabolic risk; respiratory disease; immune function; injury and death; prenatal, perinatal and postnatal outcomes; psychosocial outcomes; mental health; problem Cannabis use; and Cannabis use and abuse of other substances...
January 8, 2018: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325234/prospective-associations-between-infant-sleep-at-12-months-and-autism-spectrum-disorder-screening-scores-at-24-months-in-a-community-based-birth-cohort
#16
A K Danny Nguyen, Laura E Murphy, Mehmet Kocak, Frances A Tylavsky, Linda S Pagani
BACKGROUND: Sleep problems have been associated with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) symptoms and diagnosis. However, past research has studied the simultaneous association of sleep problems with precursor ASD symptoms. Using data from a birth cohort, we estimate prospective associations between infant sleep characteristics at 12 months and later ASD screening scores at 24 months. METHODS: We obtained data from children (N = 1,096) and their mothers as participants in the Conditions Affecting Neurocognitive Development and Learning in Early Childhood longitudinal birth cohort study...
January 2, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325004/association-between-physical-exercise-and-psychosocial-problems-in-96-617-dutch-adolescents-in-secondary-education-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
J Kuiper, J Broer, J C van der Wouden
Background: Psychosocial problems negatively affect school performance, social skills and mental development. In recent years, researchers have investigated the relationship between physical activity and psychological health. With this large school-based study, we examined whether physically inactive adolescents and slightly active adolescents experience more psychosocial problems compared with active adolescents. Methods: This study is based on the Dutch National Youth Health Monitor...
January 8, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324613/racial-disparities-in-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes-and-psychosocial-stress
#18
William A Grobman, Corette B Parker, Marian Willinger, Deborah A Wing, Robert M Silver, Ronald J Wapner, Hyagriv N Simhan, Samuel Parry, Brian M Mercer, David M Haas, Alan M Peaceman, Shannon Hunter, Pathik Wadhwa, Michal A Elovitz, Tatiana Foroud, George Saade, Uma M Reddy
OBJECTIVE: To assess the relationships between self-reported psychosocial stress and preterm birth, hypertensive disease of pregnancy, and small-for-gestational-age (SGA) birth and to assess the extent to which these relationships account for racial and ethnic disparities in these adverse outcomes. METHODS: Self-reported measures of psychosocial stress (perceived stress, depression, racism, anxiety, resilience, and social support) were collected during pregnancy among a racially and ethnically diverse cohort of women enrolled in a prospective observational study of nulliparous women with singleton pregnancies, from eight clinical sites across the United States, between October 2010 and May 2014...
January 9, 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323832/influences-of-a-church-based-intervention-on-falls-risk-among-seniors
#19
Morgan Briggs, Jeffrey A Morzinski, Julie Ellis
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Prior studies illustrate that community-based programs effectively decrease falls risk in older adults and that faith-based programs improve health behaviors. The literature is unclear whether faith-based initiatives reduce seniors' fall risks. To tackle this gap, a long-term partnership led by 10 urban churches, a nearby nursing school, and a medical school developed a study with 3 objectives: determine baseline health concerns associated with falls (eg, depression, polypharmacy), implement a nurse-led, faith-based health education initiative for community-dwelling African American seniors at-risk of hospitalization, and assess pre- to post -program fall frequency...
August 2017: WMJ: Official Publication of the State Medical Society of Wisconsin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323618/measuring-attitudes-towards-the-dying-process-a-systematic-review-of-tools
#20
Bernadette Groebe, Julia Strupp, Yvonne Eisenmann, Holger Schmidt, Anna Schlomann, Christian Rietz, Raymond Voltz
BACKGROUND: At the end of life, anxious attitudes concerning the dying process are common in patients in Palliative Care. Measurement tools can identify vulnerabilities, resources and the need for subsequent treatment to relieve suffering and support well-being. AIM: To systematically review available tools measuring attitudes towards dying, their operationalization, the method of measurement and the methodological quality including generalizability to different contexts...
January 1, 2018: Palliative Medicine
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