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Psychosocial development

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646691/what-housing-features-should-inform-the-development-of-housing-solutions-for-adults-with-neurological-disability-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#1
REVIEW
Courtney J Wright, Heidi Zeeman, Elizabeth Kendall, Jennifer A Whitty
Despite the recent emphasis in Australian political, academic, and legislative narratives to more actively promote real housing choice for people with high healthcare and support needs, there is a lack of understanding regarding the specific housing features that might constitute better housing solutions for this population. Inclusive housing provision in Australia rightly emphasises safety and accessibility issues but often fails to incorporate factors related to broader psychosocial elements of housing such as dwelling location, neighbourhood quality, and overall design...
June 21, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646248/-psychiatric-care-of-refugees-in-africa-and-the-middle-east-challenges-and-solutions
#2
REVIEW
K Adorjan, S Mulugeta, M Odenwald, D M Ndetei, A H Osman, M Hautzinger, S Wolf, M Othman, J I Kizilhan, O Pogarell, T G Schulze
Violence, flight, famine, and natural disasters as well as the absence of a psychosocial healthcare system are major psychological burdens for refugees. The level of provision of mental healthcare is particularly low in developing countries. Internally displaced people and refugees place high demands on the healthcare system because they often suffer from psychiatric disorders, such as depression, posttraumatic stress disorder, and substance use disorders. We present first initiatives to improve psychiatric care in refugee camps in Ethiopia, Kenya, and Sudan...
June 23, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645985/a-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-an-interactive-web-based-intervention-cancercope
#3
Suzanne K Chambers, Lee Ritterband, Frances Thorndike, Lisa Nielsen, Joanne F Aitken, Samantha Clutton, Paul Scuffham, Philippa Youl, Bronwyn Morris, Peter Baade, Jeffrey Dunn
INTRODUCTION: Approximately 35% of patients with cancer experience clinically significant distress, and unmet psychological supportive care needs are prevalent. This study describes the protocol for a randomised controlled trial (RCT) to assess the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of an internet-based psychological intervention for distressed patients with cancer. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: In phase I, the intervention was developed on an interactive web platform and pilot tested for acceptability using a qualitative methodology with 21 patients with cancer...
June 23, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645968/development-of-a-meta-algorithm-for-guiding-primary-care-encounters-for-patients-with-multimorbidity-using-evidence-based-and-case-based-guideline-development-methodology
#4
Cathleen Muche-Borowski, Dagmar Lühmann, Ingmar Schäfer, Rebekka Mundt, Hans-Otto Wagner, Martin Scherer
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to develop a comprehensive algorithm (meta-algorithm) for primary care encounters of patients with multimorbidity. We used a novel, case-based and evidence-based procedure to overcome methodological difficulties in guideline development for patients with complex care needs. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic guideline development methodology including systematic evidence retrieval (guideline synopses), expert opinions and informal and formal consensus procedures...
June 22, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641167/exploring-the-role-of-knowledge-of-condition-and-psycho-social-profiles-of-young-people-with-epilepsy-during-transition
#5
Victoria Gray, Lucy Palmer, Kayleigh Whelby, Jacqui Vinten, Lucy Gait
Transitioning from paediatric to adult care can be a particularly challenging time for young people with epilepsy and research has shown that there are a range of factors which may influence a young person's ability to successfully cope with this difficult time. The following study aimed to explore the psychosocial characteristics of this transitioning population, as well as investigate how knowledgeable the young person and their parent/carer are of their own condition throughout transition. Young people with epilepsy were recruited from two specialist epilepsy clinics in the North West and allocated to one of three groups; Group 1 pre-transition, Group 2 transitioning, and Group 3 post-transition...
June 19, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641158/determinants-of-cortisol-during-pregnancy-the-abcd-cohort
#6
Laura S Bleker, Tessa J Roseboom, Tanja G Vrijkotte, Rebecca M Reynolds, Susanne R de Rooij
BACKGROUND: Psychosocial stress during pregnancy has been proposed as a major contributor of glucocorticoid-mediated programming of the fetal hypothalamic-pituitary adrenal (HPA) axis, with later adverse health consequences. However, evidence linking maternal stress to maternal cortisol values during pregnancy is inconclusive. A possible explanation for this is that other maternal factors overshadow any potential effects of stress on cortisol levels. We studied a large cohort of pregnant women with extensive data on pregnancy characteristics to determine the respective contributions of biological, environmental and psychosocial stress factors to cortisol levels in pregnancy...
May 31, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638954/palliative-home-care-for-patients-with-advanced-haematological-malignancies-a-multicenter-survey
#7
F Kaiser, L V Rudloff, U Vehling-Kaiser, W Hollburg, F Nauck, B Alt-Epping
Patients with advanced haematological malignancies in non-curative settings suffer from complex physical symptoms and psychosocial distress, comparable to patients with solid tumour entities. Nevertheless, numerous problems at the interface between haematology and palliative home care have been described. From January 2011 until October 2014, we performed a retrospective, multicenter analysis of all patients with haematological malignancies (ICD 10: C81-C95) being treated by the respective specialized palliative home care (SAPV) team...
June 21, 2017: Annals of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638809/dual-peer-mentoring-program-for-undergraduate-medical-students-exploring-the-perceptions-of-mentors-and-mentees
#8
Parya Abdolalizadeh, Saeed Pourhassan, Roghayeh Gandomkar, Farrokh Heidari, Amir Ali Sohrabpour
Background: Despite the advantages of dual peer mentoring, there are a few reports of implementing and evaluating such programs for medical students. This study aimed at exploring the perceptions of mentors and mentees about the dual peer mentoring program for the first year undergraduate medical students of Tehran University of Medical Sciences. Methods: This qualitative study was conducted at the end of the first year of implementing the mentoring program. All mentees and mentors were invited to participate in focus group discussions...
2017: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637735/development-of-the-tailored-rett-intervention-and-assessment-longitudinal-trial-database-and-the-rett-evaluation-of-symptoms-and-treatments-rest-questionnaire
#9
Paramala Santosh, Kate Lievesley, Federico Fiori, Jatinder Singh
INTRODUCTION: Rett syndrome (RTT) is a pervasive neurodevelopmental disorder that presents with deficits in brain functioning leading to language and learning regression, characteristic hand stereotypies and developmental delay. Different mutations in the gene implicated in RTT-methyl-CpG-binding protein 2 (MECP2) establishes RTT as a disorder with divergent symptomatology ranging from individuals with severe to milder phenotypes. A reliable and single multidimensional questionnaire is needed that can embrace all symptoms, and the relationships between them, and can map clinically meaningful data to symptomatology across the lifespan in patients with RTT...
June 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637605/-i-need-to-do-another-course-italian-physiotherapists-knowledge-and-beliefs-when-assessing-psychosocial-factors-in-patients-presenting-with-chronic-low-back-pain
#10
Giacomo Zangoni, Oliver P Thomson
OBJECTIVES: Psychosocial factors play an important role in the development and subsequent recovery of individuals suffering from chronic low back pain (CLBP). The study explored physiotherapists' personal beliefs and knowledge about the biopsychosocial model and the different ways they assess and manage psychosocial factors in patients presenting with CLBP. METHODS: Qualitative research design using semi-structured interviews and a constructivist grounded theory approach to data collection and analysis...
February 2017: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630086/psychosocial-therapy-for-parkinson-s-related-dementia-study-protocol-for-the-invest-randomised-controlled-trial
#11
Sheree A McCormick, Kathryn R McDonald, Sabina Vatter, Vasiliki Orgeta, Ellen Poliakoff, Sarah Smith, Monty A Silverdale, Bo Fu, Iracema Leroi
INTRODUCTION: Parkinson's disease (PD) with mild cognitive impairment (MCI-PD) or dementia (PDD) and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) are characterised by motor and 'non-motor' symptoms which impact on quality of life. Treatment options are generally limited to pharmacological approaches. We developed a psychosocial intervention to improve cognition, quality of life and companion burden for people with MCI-PD, PDD or DLB. Here, we describe the protocol for a single-blind randomised controlled trial to assess feasibility, acceptability and tolerability of the intervention and to evaluate treatment implementation...
June 19, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629888/development-of-novel-behavioral-interventions-in-an-experimental-therapeutics-world-challenges-and-directions-for-the-future
#12
Kathryn E Lewandowski, Dost Ongur, Matcheri S Keshavan
Recently, the focus of funding mechanisms associated with clinical trials has changed to be consistent with an experimental therapeutics approach. While this approach holds considerable promise, the paradigm shift has presented challenges for behavioral trials in complex psychiatric illness such as schizophrenia, as molecular targets - the classic focus in experimental therapeutics paradigms - may not represent logical targets for many psychosocial interventions designed to treat multifaceted, multiply determined symptoms...
June 16, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629716/psychosocial-factors-musculoskeletal-disorders-and-work-related-fatigue-amongst-nurses-in-brunei-structural-equation-model-approach
#13
Hanif Abdul Rahman, Khadizah Abdul-Mumin, Lin Naing
INTRODUCTION: Psychosocial factors, musculoskeletal disorders and work-related fatigue have adverse effects on individual nurses and place a substantial financial burden on health care. Evidence of an association has been reported in the literature, but no theoretical explanation has been published to date. AIM: To explore and develop a structural model to provide a theoretical explanation for this relationship. METHODS: A cross-sectional study using data from 201 valid samples of emergency and critical care nurses across public hospitals in Brunei was performed via self-administered questionnaire...
June 16, 2017: International Emergency Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628362/weight-loss-surgery-in-adolescents
#14
Amy L Christison, Sandeep K Gupta
Childhood obesity continues to be a national health problem, with growing numbers of adolescents (8.7%) affected by severe obesity and its associated cardiometabolic risks. Since current nonsurgical methods for treating these adolescents have only modest effects, weight loss surgery (WLS) is an alternative treatment. An overview of the literature was conducted describing the selection, management, and outcomes of adolescents undergoing WLS. Adolescent guidelines require physical and emotional maturity as well as serious comorbidities associated with body mass index cutoffs higher than those used for adults...
June 1, 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627934/adult-patient-decision-making-regarding-implantation-of-complex-cardiac-devices-a-scoping-review
#15
Alison Malecki-Ketchell, Paul Marshall, Joan Maclean
BACKGROUND: Complex cardiac rhythm management device (CRMD) therapy provides an important treatment option for people at risk of sudden cardiac death. Despite the survival benefit, device implantation is associated with significant physical and psychosocial concerns presenting considerable challenges for the decision-making process surrounding CRMD implantation for patients and physicians. AIMS: The purpose of this scoping review was to explore what is known about how adult (>16 years) patients make decisions regarding implantation of CRMD therapy...
June 1, 2017: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627901/cone-of-gaze-in-positive-schizotypy-relationship-to-referential-thinking-and-social-functioning
#16
Heather M Wastler, Mark F Lenzenweger
Eye contact is an essential means of nonverbal communication, providing information about attention, emotion, mental state, facial expressions, and identity/gender (Itier & Batty, 2009). Although studies suggest that patients with schizophrenia endorse direct gaze more often than controls in ambiguous gaze circumstances, gaze perception in schizotypy remains unstudied. This study investigated whether individuals with positive schizotypic features incorrectly perceive that others are looking at them and whether this is related to referential thinking and psychosocial functioning...
June 19, 2017: Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627319/selection-and-evaluation-of-media-for-behavioral-health-interventions-employing-critical-media-analysis
#17
Patrick A Wilson, Emily M Cherenack, Laura Jadwin-Cakmak, Gary W Harper
Although a growing number of psychosocial health promotion interventions use the critical analysis of media to facilitate behavior change, no specific guidelines exist to assist researchers and practitioners in the selection and evaluation of culturally relevant media stimuli for intervention development. Mobilizing Our Voices for Empowerment is a critical consciousness-based health enhancement intervention for HIV-positive Black young gay/bisexual men that employs the critical analysis of popular media. In the process of developing and testing this intervention, feedback on media stimuli was collected from youth advisory board members (n = 8), focus group participants (n = 19), intervention participants (n = 40), and intervention facilitators (n = 6)...
June 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623823/a-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial-of-n-acetylcysteine-for-cannabis-use-disorder-in-adults
#18
Kevin M Gray, Susan C Sonne, Erin A McClure, Udi E Ghitza, Abigail G Matthews, Aimee L McRae-Clark, Kathleen M Carroll, Jennifer S Potter, Katharina Wiest, Larissa J Mooney, Albert Hasson, Sharon L Walsh, Michelle R Lofwall, Shanna Babalonis, Robert W Lindblad, Steven Sparenborg, Aimee Wahle, Jacqueline S King, Nathaniel L Baker, Rachel L Tomko, Louise F Haynes, Ryan G Vandrey, Frances R Levin
BACKGROUND: Cannabis use disorder (CUD) is a prevalent and impairing condition, and established psychosocial treatments convey limited efficacy. In light of recent findings supporting the efficacy of N-acetylcysteine (NAC) for CUD in adolescents, the objective of this trial was to evaluate its efficacy in adults. METHODS: In a 12-week double-blind randomized placebo-controlled trial, treatment-seeking adults ages 18-50 with CUD (N=302), enrolled across six National Drug Abuse Treatment Clinical Trials Network-affiliated clinical sites, were randomized in a 1:1 ratio to a 12-week course of NAC 1200mg (n=153) or placebo (n=149) twice daily...
June 10, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623651/an-investigation-of-support-services-available-by-internet-searching-to-families-impacted-by-a-parent-s-cancer
#19
Ms Julia Morris, Jeneva Ohan, Angelita Martini
OBJECTIVE: Throughout a parent's cancer diagnosis and treatment, families are likely to turn to the Internet to find social, emotional and informational support services. It is important professionals understand the content and availability of support discoverable through web searches. This study identified and described web-based information regarding support services offered to families when a parent has cancer. METHODS: Pre-defined key search terms were searched across two public web browsers for a period of 3 months...
June 16, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622589/improving-outcomes-for-babies-and-toddlers-in-child-welfare-a-model-for-infant-mental-health-intervention-and-collaboration
#20
Susan Chinitz, Hazel Guzman, Ellen Amstutz, Joaniko Kohchi, Miriam Alkon
Children under three comprise a sizable and growing proportion of foster care placements. Very young children who enter the child welfare system experience disruptions of critical attachments that are essential to this formative stage of brain development, as well as other traumatic events, leaving them at great risk for lifelong impairments. To reverse these concerning outcomes, babies who have been removed from their homes require intensive, relationship-based interventions that promote secure attachment to a primary caregiver and holistic attention the child's developmental needs...
June 13, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
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