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Psychosocial development

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929413/accessing-support-before-or-after-a-parent-dies-from-cancer-and-young-people-s-current-wellbeing
#1
A Varathakeyan, F E J McDonald, P Patterson, K Nicholson Perry, K R Allison
PURPOSE: To examine differences in distress and unmet needs between bereaved adolescent and young adult (AYA) offspring who accessed support before and after being bereaved by parental cancer, and to explore aspects of their cancer experience that influenced their help-seeking. METHODS: Phase 1: Surveys completed by AYAs (11-26 years) bereaved by parental cancer were subjected to analysis of covariance examining differences in distress and unmet needs between those who accessed support before (n = 159) and after (n = 212) parental bereavement...
September 19, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926873/-to-enhance-clinical-application-of-comprehensive-geriatric-assessment-in-elderly-inpatients-with-non-cardiac-surgical-operation
#2
X M Wang, Y Liu
In this commentary article, we introduce the definition, evaluative contents and methods of comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA), as well as its successful application in Western countries. CGA is a multidisciplinary diagnosis and treatment process that identifies medical, psychosocial, and functional capabilities of elderly adults to develop plans including overall treatment, nursing, and follow-up to maximize overall health with aging. How to change this situation has become an important challenge due to the significant increase in postoperative complications, mortality, and treatment costs for elderly patients with surgical diseases...
September 20, 2017: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926843/the-genetic-basis-of-delayed-puberty
#3
S R Howard, Leo Dunkel
<br>The genetic control of puberty remains an important but mostly unanswered question. Late pubertal timing affects over 2% of adolescents and is associated with adverse health outcomes including short stature, reduced bone mineral density and compromised psychosocial health. Self-limited delayed puberty (DP) is a highly heritable trait, which often segregates in an autosomal dominant pattern; however, its neuroendocrine pathophysiology and genetic regulation remain unclear. Some insights into the genetic mutations that lead to familial DP have come from sequencing genes known to cause GnRH deficiency, most recently via next generation sequencing, and others from large-scale genome wide association studies in the general population...
September 18, 2017: Neuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926668/examining-life-goals-of-community-dwelling-low-income-older-adults
#4
Elizabeth P Howard, Kara E Louvar
Self-care and self-management programs are touted as a means to age successfully. Yet, these programs pay little regard to a critical first step-the personal goals of older adults. The capacity to self-identify goals and pursue actions toward goal achievement transcends age. An examination of life goals identified by community-dwelling, low-income older adults indicates that functional performance mechanisms are valued. Maintenance of health and increased physical activity were the two most commonly identified personal goals within a sample of 161 community-dwelling older adults residing in subsidized housing...
September 1, 2017: Research in Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925273/-current-trends-in-gamete-donation-psychosocial-and-ethical-issues
#5
T Rumpíková, I Oborná, H Konečná
OBJECTIVE: To overview contemporary knowledge of legal and psychosocial rules in gamete donation. Previously, anonymous donation was preferred and recommended by experts but currently, with respect to the right to know the genetic origin of individuals, the relation to donor anonymity was reconsidered in many countries. There is a growing tendency to introduce the open identity system in gamete donation. Such system may guarantee that the child born after gamete donation may have receive the identification data of the donor of gametes...
2017: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925105/childhood-obesity-and-school-absenteeism-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
R An, H Yan, X Shi, Y Yang
Regular school attendance is a key determinant of student's academic achievement and psychosocial development. Obesity may affect children's school attendance through its detrimental impact on their physical and mental health. A literature search was conducted in the PubMed, Web of Science and Cochrane Library for articles published until April 2017 that examined the relationship between unhealthy body weight and school absenteeism among children and adolescents. Thirteen studies total (10 cross-sectional and three longitudinal) conducted in seven countries were identified...
September 18, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924677/fear-of-progression-in-cancer-patients-and-survivors
#7
Andreas Dinkel, Peter Herschbach
Fear of progression (or fear of recurrence) is an appropriate, adequate response to the real threat of cancer. However, elevated levels of fear of progression can become dysfunctional, affecting well-being, quality of life, and social functioning. Research has shown that fear of progression is one of the most frequent distress symptoms of patients with cancer. As a clear consensus concerning clinically relevant states of fear of progression is still lacking, it is difficult to provide a valid estimate of the rate of cancer patients who clearly suffer from fear of progression...
2018: Recent Results in Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923751/effects-of-mindfulness-training-on-emotional-and-physiologic-recovery-from-induced-negative-affect
#8
Alexandra D Crosswell, Patricia I Moreno, Elizabeth B Raposa, Sarosh J Motivala, Annette L Stanton, Patricia A Ganz, Julienne E Bower
OBJECTIVE: Mindfulness training has been shown to improve psychological well-being and physical health. One proposed pathway for the positive effects of mindfulness training is through the development of new emotion regulation strategies, such as the ability to experience emotions by observing and accepting them without judgment. Theoretically, this should facilitate recovery from negative emotional states; however, this has rarely been examined empirically. The goal of the current study was to determine whether mindfulness training is associated with more efficient emotional and cardiovascular recovery from induced negative affect...
August 4, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923160/applying-the-neurodynamics-of-emotional-circular-causalities-in-psychosocial-and-cognitive-therapy-using-multi-sensory-environments-an-orbde-case-study-analysis
#9
Janice Ryan
This exploratory, evidence-based practice research study focuses on presenting a plausible mesoscopic brain dynamics hypothesis for the benefits of treating clients with psychosocial and cognitive challenges using a mindful therapeutic approach and multi-sensory environments. After an extensive neuroscientific review of the therapeutic benefits of mindfulness, a multi-sensory environment is presented as a window of therapeutic opportunity to more quickly and efficiently facilitate the neurobiological experience of becoming more mindful or conscious of self and environment...
October 2017: Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923155/modeling-stochastic-complexity-in-complex-adaptive-systems-non-kolmogorov-probability-and-the-process-algebra-approach
#10
William H Sulis
Walter Freeman III pioneered the application of nonlinear dynamical systems theories and methodologies in his work on mesoscopic brain dynamics.Sadly, mainstream psychology and psychiatry still cling to linear correlation based data analysis techniques, which threaten to subvert the process of experimentation and theory building. In order to progress, it is necessary to develop tools capable of managing the stochastic complexity of complex biopsychosocial systems, which includes multilevel feedback relationships, nonlinear interactions, chaotic dynamics and adaptability...
October 2017: Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919875/psychological-support-for-young-adults-with-down-syndrome-dohsa-hou-program-for-maladaptive-behaviors-and-internalizing-problems
#11
Haruo Fujino
Psychological and psychiatric dysfunction is a major problem in a substantial proportion of young adults with Down syndrome. Some patients develop psychiatric issues, such as depressive, obsessive-compulsive, or psychotic-like disorders, in their late adolescence or young adulthood. Furthermore, these individuals may experience moderate to severe emotional and psychological distress. Development of a psychosocial treatment to address these issues is needed in addition to psychotropic medication. The current study reports two cases of young adults with Down syndrome, who presented psychiatric symptoms and marked disruption in their daily lives...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919797/quality-of-care-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-results-of-a-prospective-controlled-cohort-study-in-germany-netibd
#12
Jana Langbrandtner, Angelika Hüppe, Petra Jessen, Jürgen Büning, Susanna Nikolaus, Heiner Raspe, Bernd Bokemeyer
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) need comprehensive, interdisciplinary and cross-sectoral health care. In Germany, evidence-based care pathways have been developed to improve the quality of care of IBD patients. We aimed to evaluate the effects of the implementation of some of these recommendations on patient-related outcomes. METHODS: In a region of North Germany, outpatients with IBD were recruited by gastroenterologists (intervention group)...
2017: Clinical and Experimental Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918974/pigmentary-changes-in-patients-treated-with-targeted-anticancer-agents-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Julia Dai, Viswanath R Belum, Shenhong Wu, Vincent Sibaud, Mario E Lacouture
BACKGROUND: The discovery of signaling networks that drive oncogenic processes has led to the development of targeted anticancer agents. The burden of pigmentary adverse events from these drugs is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of published clinical trials and determine the incidence and risk of development of targeted therapy-induced pigmentary changes. METHODS: A comprehensive search was conducted to identify studies reporting targeted therapy-induced pigmentary changes...
September 14, 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918413/post-traumatic-growth-and-its-relationship-to-quality-of-life-up-to-9-years-after-liver-transplantation-a-cross-sectional-study-in-spain
#14
María Ángeles Pérez-San-Gregorio, Agustín Martín-Rodríguez, Mercedes Borda-Mas, María Luisa Avargues-Navarro, José Pérez-Bernal, Rupert Conrad, Miguel Ángel Gómez-Bravo
OBJECTIVE: Little is known concerning post-traumatic growth (PTG) after liver transplantation. Against this backdrop the current study analysed the relationship between PTG and time since transplantation on quality of life. Furthermore, it compared PTG between liver transplant recipients and their caregivers. DESIGN: Cross-sectional case-control study. SETTING: University Hospital in Spain. PARTICIPANTS: 240 adult liver transplant recipients who had undergone only one transplantation, with no severe mental disease, were the participants of the study...
September 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918199/psychosocial-barriers-to-healthcare-use-among-individuals-with-diabetes-mellitus-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Andrea Paduch, Silke Kuske, Tim Schiereck, Sigrid Droste, Adrian Loerbroks, Monica Sørensen, Marina Maggini, Andrea Icks
PURPOSE: To conduct a systematic review regarding psychosocial barriers to healthcare use in individuals with diabetes mellitus, using a well-established model of health-service use as a theoretical framework. METHODS: We used database-specific controlled vocabularies and additional free text terms, and conducted searches via MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, CINAHL, Web of Science, OVID Journals. Included studies were rated according to the UK National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) criteria...
September 13, 2017: Primary Care Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918120/moment-by-moment-in-women-s-recovery-randomized-controlled-trial-protocol-to-test-the-efficacy-of-a-mindfulness-based-intervention-on-treatment-retention-and-relapse-prevention-among-women-in-residential-treatment-for-substance-use-disorder
#16
Hortensia Amaro, David S Black
Although therapeutic treatments exist for substance use disorder (SUD), about half of individuals who enter treatment leave early and relapse to substance use. Early dropout from residential treatment places individuals at risk of relapse, and women in SUD residential treatment represent a vulnerable population. Evidence gaps persist for the use of mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) among racially and ethnically diverse women with SUDs, especially regarding the efficacy of MBIs adapted to prevent residential dropout and relapse...
September 13, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917950/suicide-behavior-and-associated-psychosocial-factors-among-adolescents-in-campeche-mexico
#17
Catalina González-Forteza, Carlos E Juárez-López, Alberto Jiménez, Liliana Montejo-León, Ulises R Rodríguez-Santisbón, Fernando A Wagner
Suicide is an important public health problem that requires a preventive approach. The present study aimed at assessing suicidal behaviors and their relations with other psychosocial factors in Campeche, Mexico, in order to inform the design of potential preventive interventions. A multistage probability sample of 2386 students representative of all middle schools of the state of Campeche, Mexico, took a standardized, paper-and-pencil survey covering selected psychosocial constructs including suicide behavior, depression, drug use, familial relationships, locus of control, impulsivity, and self-esteem, among others...
September 13, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916927/genetic-test-risk-prediction-and-counseling
#18
Maggie Haitian Wang, Haoyi Weng
Advancement in technology has nurtured the new era of genetic tests for personalized medicine. In this chapter, we will introduce the current development, challenges, and the outlook of genetic test, disease risk prediction, and genetic counseling. In the first section, we will present the success cases in the areas of molecular classification of tumors, pharmacogenomics, and Mendelian disorders, and the challenges of genetic tests implementations. In the second section, common methods for genetic risk prediction models and evaluation measures will be introduced, as well as challenges in feature reliability, risk model stability, and clinical utility...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915078/pediatric-specific-end-of-life-care-quality-measures-an-unmet-need-of-a-vulnerable-population
#19
Emily E Johnston, Abby R Rosenberg, Arif H Kamal
We must ensure that the 20,000 US children (age 0 to 19 years) who die as a result of serious illness annually receive high-quality end-of-life care. Ensuring high-quality end-of-life care requires recognition that pediatric end-of-life care is conceptually and operationally different than that for adults. For example, in-hospital adult death is considered an outcome to be avoided, whereas many pediatric families may prefer hospital death. Because pediatric deaths are comparatively rare, not all centers offer pediatric-focused palliative care and hospice services...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914485/match-of-psychosocial-risk-and-psychosocial-care-in-families-of-a-child-with-cancer
#20
S M Sint Nicolaas, S A Schepers, E M M van den Bergh, Y de Boer, I Streng, E M van Dijk-Lokkart, M A Grootenhuis, C M Verhaak
OBJECTIVE: The Psychosocial Assessment Tool (PAT) was developed to screen for psychosocial risk, aimed to be supportive in directing psychosocial care to families of a child with cancer. This study aimed to determine (i) the match between PAT risk score and provided psychosocial care with healthcare professionals blind to outcome of PAT assessment, and (ii) the match between PAT risk score and team risk estimation. METHODS: Eighty-three families of children with cancer from four pediatric oncology centers in the Netherlands participated (59% response rate)...
September 15, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
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