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Psychosocial development

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936374/testing-a-matching-hypothesis-for-emerging-adults-in-project-match-during-treatment-and-one-year-outcomes
#1
Jordan P Davis, Brandon G Bergman, Douglas C Smith, John F Kelly
OBJECTIVE: Compared with older adults, emerging adults (18-29 years old) entering treatment typically have less severe alcohol use consequences. Also, their unique clinical presentations (e.g., modest initial abstinence motivation) and developmental contexts (e.g., drinking-rich social networks) may make a straightforward implementation of treatments developed for adults less effective. Yet, this has seldom been examined empirically. This study was a secondary analysis of Project MATCH (Matching Alcoholism Treatments to Client Heterogeneity) data examining (a) overall differences between emerging adults and older adults (≥30 years old) on outcomes during treatment and at 1-year follow-up, and (b) whether emerging adults had poorer outcomes on any of the three Project MATCH treatments in particular...
January 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936262/-a-mental-health-hygiene-experiment-the-case-of-les-pinceaux-d-or
#2
Hubert Wallot
Many research, notably that of Gene Cohen (2007), have shown positive impact of artistic activities for seniors. In 2006 in Quebec City, three professional painters have created a none lucrative organization called Les Pinceaux d'Or (The Golden Brushes). Its mission is to create a positive experience of painting learning in elderly needing persons. The organization operates in long-term health-care facilities or in low-income housings and day centers. It offers free painting courses to elderly persons referred by local community health centers or community organizations as seniors with psychosocial needs...
2016: Santé Mentale Au Québec
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935730/patterns-of-pregnancy-and-postpartum-depressive-symptoms-latent-class-trajectories-and-predictors
#3
Eivor Fredriksen, Tilmann von Soest, Lars Smith, Vibeke Moe
Depressive symptoms among pregnant and postpartum women are common. However, recent studies indicate that depressive symptoms in the perinatal period do not follow a uniform course, and investigations of the heterogeneity of time courses and associated factors are needed. The aim of this study was to explore whether depressive symptoms in the perinatal period could be categorized into several distinct trajectories of symptom development among subgroups of perinatal women, and to identify predictors of these trajectory groups...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935563/physical-activity-and-walking-performance-influence-on-quality-of-life-in-ambulatory-children-with-cerebral-palsy-cp
#4
Kilby Mann, Elaine Tsao, Kristie F Bjornson
PURPOSE: To examine the relationship of physical activity (PA) and walking performance to QOL in ambulatory children with CP, as function is not consistently associated with QOL in this population. METHODS: A secondary analysis of a cross-sectional cohort of 128 ambulatory children with CP, ages 2.2-9.9 years and GMFCS levels I-III, was employed. Individual multivariate regression models were developed for physical, psychosocial, and total domains of QOL as measured by the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL) controlling for physical activity and walking performance, participation level and frequency, topography of CP, walking capacity, age, and satisfaction with participation...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933031/exhaustion-experiences-in-junior-athletes-the-importance-of-motivation-and-self-control-competencies
#5
Gro Jordalen, Pierre-Nicolas Lemyre, Natalie Durand-Bush
Quality of motivation, self-control competencies, as well as past performance experience influence sport participation outcomes in developing athletes. Studies have shown that junior athletes high in self-determined motivation are less prone to experience burnout, while self-control competencies help developing athletes to be conscious and deliberate in their self-regulatory efforts toward elite sport performances and avoid negative sport participation outcomes. Combining the self-determination theory framework and psychosocial theories of self-regulation, the aim of this cross-sectional study was to examine how various types of motivation and self-control competencies together are associated with the development of burnout symptoms in junior athletes...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933020/feasibility-of-group-schema-therapy-for-outpatients-with-severe-borderline-personality-disorder-in-germany-a-pilot-study-with-three-year-follow-up
#6
Eva Fassbinder, Maren Schuetze, Annika Kranich, Valerija Sipos, Fritz Hohagen, Ida Shaw, Joan Farrell, Arnoud Arntz, Ulrich Schweiger
Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) is a severe, challenging to treat mental disorder. Schema therapy (ST) as an individual therapy has been proven to be an effective psychological treatment for BPD. A group format of ST (GST) has been developed and evaluated in a randomized controlled trial in the United States and piloted in The Netherlands. These results suggest that GST speeds up and amplifies treatment effects of ST and might reduce delivery costs. However, feasibility in the German health care system and with BPD patients with high BPD severity and comorbidity, and frequent hospitalization, has not been tested to date...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930857/psychosocial-adaptation-and-depressive-manifestations-in-high-risk-pregnant-women-implications-for-clinical-practice
#7
Gamze Fiskin, Meltem Mecdi Kaydirak, Umran Yesiltepe Oskay
BACKGROUND: High-risk pregnancy research has focused primarily on psychological well-being. AIMS: The aim is to determine psychosocial adaptation and depression levels of pregnant women who were admitted to hospital with diagnosis of high-risk pregnancy. METHODS: This study was descriptive. Sampling was composed of 122 high-risk pregnant women who were hospitalized in the perinatology service of Istanbul University Medical School, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology between January 1, 2014, and May 31, 2014, and met the study criteria...
December 8, 2016: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930513/percutaneous-trigeminal-ganglion-radiofrequency-thermocoagulation-alleviates-anxiety-and-depression-disorders-in-patients-with-classic-trigeminal-neuralgia-a-cohort-study
#8
YuanZhang Tang, Ling Ma, Na Li, Yuna Guo, Liqiang Yang, Baishan Wu, Jianning Yue, Qi Wang, Jingjie Liu, Jia-Xiang Ni
Trigeminal neuralgia (TN) is a neurological condition that presents as excruciating facial pain. Depression and anxiety are commonly associated with TN; however, anxiety and depression disorders in patients with TN and the effects of the various therapeutic strategies for TN on these disorders are not well studied.To evaluate depression and anxiety in patients with trigeminal neuralgia (TN), identify factors that predict their occurrence and study the effect of the percutaneous trigeminal ganglion radiofrequency thermocoagulation (PRT) procedure for alleviating pain on depression and anxiety...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930484/are-hospital-workers-healthy-a-study-of-cardiometabolic-behavioral-and-psychosocial-factors-associated-with-obesity-among-hospital-workers
#9
Shreela V Sharma, Mudita Upadhyaya, Mandar Karhade, William B Baun, William B Perkison, Lisa A Pompeii, Henry S Brown, Deanna M Hoelscher
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the cardiometabolic, behavioral, and psychosocial factors associated with weight status among hospital employees. METHODS: A total of n = 924 employees across the six hospitals in Texas participated in this cross-sectional study, 2012 to 2013. Association between weight status and waist circumference, blood pressure, biomarkers, diet, physical activity, sedentary behaviors, and psychosocial factors was assessed. RESULTS: About 78...
December 2016: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929927/multiple-dimensions-of-work-related-risk-factors-and-their-relationship-to-work-ability-among-industrial-workers-in-iran
#10
Hamidreza Mokarami, Seyed Bagher Mortazavi, Ali Asgari, Alireza Choobineh, Lorann Stallones
AIMS: The present study was designed to investigate the simultaneous effects of physical, psychosocial and other work-related risk factors on the work ability index (WAI) score among industrial workers. METHODS: This study used a cross-sectional design with a questionnaire survey. 280 workers were included in the study. Data were collected using three questionnaires including the Persian version of WAI (P-WAI), the Persian version of job content questionnaire (P-JCQ) and an author-developed measure (to assess work-related factors, health-related factors and socio-demographic characteristics)...
December 8, 2016: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929671/development-and-initial-psychometrics-for-a-therapist-competence-instrument-for-cbt-for-youth-anxiety
#11
Bryce D McLeod, Michael A Southam-Gerow, Adriana Rodríguez, Alexis M Quinoy, Cassidy C Arnold, Philip C Kendall, John R Weisz
Therapist competence is an important component of treatment integrity. This article reports on the development and initial psychometric assessment of the Cognitive-Behavioral Treatment for Anxiety in Youth Competence Scale (CBAY-C), an observational instrument designed to capture therapist limited-domain competence (i.e., competence in the delivery of core interventions and delivery methods found in a specific psychosocial treatment program) in the delivery of the core practice elements in individual cognitive-behavioral treatment (ICBT) for youth anxiety...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928242/dental-management-of-a-child-with-dentinogenesis-imperfecta-a-case-report
#12
Najmeh Akhlaghi, Ali-Reza Eshghi, Mehrnaz Mohamadpour
Dentinogenesis imperfecta (DI) is a hereditary dentin defect caused by an autosomal dominant mutation in dentin sialophosphoprotein gene. Defective dentin development results in discolored teeth that are prone to wear and fracture. Early diagnosis and proper treatment are necessary to achieve better functional and esthetic results and minimize nutritional deficiencies and psychosocial distress. In order to prevent excessive loss of tooth structure, placement of stainless steel crowns (SSCs) on deciduous and young permanent posterior teeth is recommended as soon as such teeth erupt...
March 2016: Journal of Dentistry of Tehran University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927112/reshaping-policy-to-deliver-holistic-care-for-adolescents-with-crohn-s-disease
#13
Claudia Smith, Sheryl Gettings
The number of adolescents with Crohn's disease (CD) is rising, with one third of cases diagnosed before turning 21 years old. Evidence shows that long-term medical intervention, school absence and the physical toll of CD on the growing adolescent also have a psychological effect on patients. In addition, poorly defined transition pathways are extending these problems into adulthood. The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) guidelines are important in shaping service delivery and distribution...
December 8, 2016: Nursing Children and Young People
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924228/allied-health-professionals-and-work-related-musculoskeletal-disorders-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Sarah P Anderson, Jodi Oakman
Work-related musculoskeletal injuries and disorders (WMSD) are a significant issue in the health care sector. Allied Health professionals (AHP) in this sector are exposed to physical and psychosocial factors associated with increased risk of developing a WMSD. Clarification of relevant hazard and risk factors for AHP is needed to improve understanding and inform WMSD risk management. A systematic analysis of the literature was undertaken to determine prevalence and risk factors for WMSD in AHP. Databases of Ovid MEDLINE, CINAHL (EBSCO), EMBASE and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews were reviewed...
December 2016: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922934/psychometric-properties-of-the-chinese-version-of-the-menopause-specific-quality-of-life-questionnaire
#15
Guangning Nie, Hongyan Yang, Jian Liu, ChunMei Zhao, Xiaoyun Wang
OBJECTIVE: The Menopause-Specific Quality-of-Life (MENQOL) questionnaire was developed as a specific tool to measure the health-related quality-of-life of postmenopausal women. Thus far, the Chinese version questionnaire has not been subjected to psychometric assessment with a large sample. This study aims to evaluate the validity and reliability of the Chinese version of the MENQOL specific to postmenopausal women in China. METHODS: A total of 1,137 menopausal symptomatic and 491 menopausal asymptomatic women from eight cities in China were recruited using a convenience sampling method...
December 5, 2016: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922624/association-of-pain-social-support-and-socioeconomic-indicators-in-patients-with-spinal-cord-injury-in-iran
#16
Z Khazaeipour, E Ahmadipour, V Rahimi-Movaghar, F Ahmadipour, A R Vaccaro, B Babakhani
STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVES: Pain is a prevalent complication of individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI). Our objective was to examine the association between social support, socioeconomic factors and psychosocial factors and pain to develop more effective management strategies. SETTING: Brain and Spinal Cord Injury Research (BASIR) Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. METHODS: The Persian version of the Brief Pain Inventory was used to measure the pain, and the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support was used to measure social support through structured face-to-face interviews in SCI individuals...
December 6, 2016: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920340/-the-church-of-online-support-examining-the-use-of-blogs-among-family-caregivers-of-persons-with-dementia
#17
Joel G Anderson, Elizabeth Hundt, Morgan Dean, Jessica Keim-Malpass, Ruth Palan Lopez
Many individuals, including dementia caregivers, use blogs to share their experiences. These blogs contain rich narratives representing an untapped resource for understanding the psychosocial impact of caring for a person with dementia at the family level. The present study used blogs written by caregivers of persons with dementia to explore how these individuals leveraged this medium as part of the caregiving experience. Blogs written by self-identified informal caregivers of persons with dementia were identified using a systematic search method, and data were analyzed using a qualitative thematic analysis...
December 4, 2016: Journal of Family Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917207/experiences-of-patients-undergoing-chemotherapy-a-qualitative-study-of-adults-attending-uganda-cancer-institute
#18
Peter B Wampaalu, Lars E Eriksson, Allen Naamala, Rose C Nabirye, Lena Wettergren
BACKGROUND: Cancer is a global public health challenge and how patients in countries with poor healthcare infrastructure experience cancer treatment is largely unknown. PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to describe adult Ugandan cancer patients' experiences of undergoing chemotherapy treatment. METHODOLOGY: Using a qualitative descriptive design, seven in-patients with varying cancer diagnoses at the Uganda Cancer Institute were interviewed about their experiences of undergoing chemotherapy treatment; the interviews were transcribed and analysed thematically...
September 2016: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917147/a-qualitative-inquiry-of-the-lived-experiences-of-music-therapists-who-have-survived-cancer-who-are-working-with-medical-and-hospice-patients
#19
Jin Hyung Lee
Cancer is a debilitating illness that affects more than one in every three Americans at sometime in their life time regardless of their social, cultural, ethnic, religious, or economic status. A few studies in the psychotherapy literature have investigated the impact of cancer on the personal and professional lives of psychotherapists. However, such investigations are yet unknown in medical or music therapy literature. In this descriptive phenomenological study, the researcher interviewed five American music therapists who have survived cancer and also work with patients in medical hospitals or hospice settings...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913533/non-hodgkin-lymphoma-across-the-pediatric-and-adolescent-and-young-adult-age-spectrum
#20
John T Sandlund, Mike G Martin
The non-Hodgkin lymphomas (NHLs) occurring in children and adolescents and young adults (AYA) are characterized by various age-related differences in tumor biology and survival. Children generally present with high-grade lymphomas, such as Burkitt lymphoma, diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, lymphoblastic lymphoma, and anaplastic large cell lymphoma, whereas low-grade histologic subtypes, such as follicular lymphoma, occur more frequently with increasing age. Treatment outcome for children with NHL is generally superior to that observed in adults...
December 2, 2016: Hematology—the Education Program of the American Society of Hematology
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