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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29917231/itch-and-psyche-psychiatric-aspects-of-pruritus
#1
REVIEW
Mohammad Jafferany, Maryam E Davari
Itch, also referred to as pruritus, is an unpleasant cutaneous sensation provoking the desire to scratch. It is often an uncomfortable, subjective sensation responsible for decreased quality of life in a variety of psychodermatological conditions. Comorbid psychiatric conditions, including depression and anxiety, are frequently associated with itch and scratch cycle. The reciprocal and intricate relationship between the psyche and itch has been widely studied. The neurobiology of itch involves the complexity of specific mediators, itch-related neuronal pathways, and central processing of itch...
June 19, 2018: International Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29917080/association-between-cortical-gaba-and-loudness-dependence-of-auditory-evoked-potentials-ldaep-in-humans
#2
Christine Wyss, Desmond H Y Tse, Frank Boers, Jon Shah N, Irene Neuner, Wolfram Kawohl
Loudness dependence of auditory evoked potentials (LDAEP) is a widely used electroencephalography (EEG) based biomarker for central serotonergic activity. Serotonin has been shown to be associated with different psychiatric disorders such as depression and schizophrenia. Despite its clinical significance, the underlying neurochemical mechanism of this promising marker is not fully understood and further research is needed to improve its validity. Other neurotransmitters might have a significant impact on this measure...
June 15, 2018: International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29916522/inception-of-a-peer-run-wellness-center-at-a-state-psychiatric-hospital
#3
Dawn L Reinhardt-Wood, Kenneth T Kinter, Karen Burke
Peer-run wellness centers provide safe places in the community for individuals with psychiatric disorders to develop personal and community supports, feel needed, and be accepted and grow. Until now, these centers have existed only in the community, not in the state hospital setting. The current article chronicles the development of what the authors believe is the first peer-run wellness center on the grounds of a state psychiatric hospital. After 8 years of operation, the center has served hundreds of visitors...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29916269/the-relationship-between-adult-attachment-and-mental-health-care-utilization-a-systematic-review
#4
G Camelia Adams, Andrew J Wrath, Xiangfei Meng
OBJECTIVE: Several studies have shown a relationship between individual attachment and various aspects of treatment utilization in individuals with medical problems as well as mental health disorders. This review systematically evaluates existing literature targeting the relationship between attachment and all aspects of treatment utilization, such as engagement, participation, and completion, in adults with mental health problems. METHOD: A computerized search of PsycINFO, Medline, Embase, PubMed, and Healthstar and a manual search were employed...
January 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29916032/-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-and-comorbid-mental-disorders-adhd-specific-self-rating-scales-in-differential-diagnostics
#5
M Paucke, T Stark, C Exner, C Kallweit, U Hegerl, M Strauß
BACKGROUND: It is still unclear how well the established attention deficit-hyperactive disorder (ADHD)-specific rating scales can differentiate between ADHD symptoms and symptoms of other mental disorders. METHODS: A total of 274 patients with suspected adult ADHD were extensively examined clinically and guideline-conform in an ADHD outpatient clinic. In 190 patients the diagnosis of ADHD could be made with certainty. The patients were also subsequently assessed according to the DSM IV criteria by self-rating scales on current (ADHS-SB, ASRS, CAARS) and retrospective (WURS-K) complaints...
June 18, 2018: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915963/a-translational-perspective-on-histone-acetylation-modulators-in-psychiatric-disorders
#6
REVIEW
Surajit Ganguly, Subhendu Seth
A large volume of research now provides evidence correlating aberrant histone deacetylase (HDAC) activities and hypoacetylation of histones to disruptions in synaptic plasticity, neuronal survival/regeneration, memory formation and consolidation. Hence, maintaining the acetyl-histone homeostasis as a component of neuronal mechanisms by targeting HDACs has emerged as an exciting intervention strategy for several neuropsychiatric disorders. Though extensive preclinical animal studies have elevated the translational potential of HDAC inhibitors (HDACis) in psychiatric disorders, so far, the translational gain remains low...
June 19, 2018: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915728/prevalence-of-depression-and-anxiety-among-children-in-rural-and-suburban-areas-of-eastern-uttar-pradesh-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Shailendra Kumar Mishra, Mona Srivastava, Narendra K Tiwary, Abhinit Kumar
Background: Psychiatric morbidity in children and adolescents is a major concern as they become more complex and intense with children's transition into adolescence. Aim: The aim of this study is to assess and compare the prevalence of depression and anxiety among children residing in rural and suburban area of eastern Uttar Pradesh and understand the burden of these problems in our society. Materials and Methods: Children, in the age group 11-18 years, were divided into 2 groups: Group I - 100 children from rural area Tikri; Group II - 100 children from suburban area Sunderpur...
January 2018: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915555/working-memory-related-effective-connectivity-in-huntington-s-disease-patients
#8
Jacob Lahr, Lora Minkova, Sarah J Tabrizi, Julie C Stout, Stefan Klöppel, Elisa Scheller
Huntington's disease (HD) is a genetically caused neurodegenerative disorder characterized by heterogeneous motor, psychiatric, and cognitive symptoms. Although motor symptoms may be the most prominent presentation, cognitive symptoms such as memory deficits and executive dysfunction typically co-occur. We used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and task fMRI-based dynamic causal modeling (DCM) to evaluate HD-related changes in the neural network underlying working memory (WM). Sixty-four pre-symptomatic HD mutation carriers (preHD), 20 patients with early manifest HD symptoms (earlyHD), and 83 healthy control subjects performed an n -back fMRI task with two levels of WM load...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915526/job-stress-attributable-burden-of-disease-in-korea
#9
Kyungjoon Lee, Inah Kim
Background: As job stress is associated with various diseases and psychiatric conditions, we aimed to estimate the job stress-attributable burden of disease in Korea based on the concept of disability-adjusted life years (DALY). Methods: We selected ischemic heart disease (IHD), stroke, major depressive disorder (MDD), and suicide as health outcomes from job stress, because of the ease of access to data estimating burdens and of important meaning of them in Korean occupational background...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915200/subthalamic-theta-activity-a-novel-human-subcortical-biomarker-for-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#10
Pnina Rappel, Odeya Marmor, Atira S Bick, David Arkadir, Eduard Linetsky, Anna Castrioto, Idit Tamir, Sara A Freedman, Tomer Mevorach, Moran Gilad, Hagai Bergman, Zvi Israel, Renana Eitan
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a common and serious psychiatric disorder. Although subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation (DBS) has been studied as a treatment for OCD patients the underlying mechanism of this treatment and the optimal method of stimulation are unknown. To study the neural basis of subthalamic nucleus DBS in OCD patients we used a novel, implantable DBS system with long-term local field potential sensing capability. We focus our analysis on two patients with OCD who experienced severe treatment-resistant symptoms and were implanted with subthalamic nucleus DBS systems...
June 18, 2018: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914430/injuries-prior-and-subsequent-to-index-poisoning-with-medication-among-adolescents-a-national-study-based-on-norwegian-patient-registry
#11
Ping Qin, Shihua Sun, Anne Seljenes Bøe, Barbara Stanley, Lars Mehlum
BACKGROUND: Adolescents treated for self-poisoning with medication have a high prevalence of mental health problems and constitute a high-risk population for self-harm repetition. However, little is known about whether this population is also prone to injuries of other forms. METHODS: Data were extracted from the Norwegian Patient Registry to include all incidents of treated injuries in adolescents aged 10-19 years who were treated for self-poisoning with medication during 2008-2011...
June 18, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914409/adverse-childhood-experiences-among-patients-with-substance-use-disorders-at-a-referral-psychiatric-hospital-in-kenya
#12
Sarah Kanana Kiburi, Keneilwe Molebatsi, Anne Obondo, Mary W Kuria
BACKGROUND: Substance use disorders are a major cause of health and social problems worldwide. Research evidence shows a strong graded relationship of adverse childhood experiences and substance use in adulthood. This study aimed at determining the prevalence of adverse childhood experiences and their association with substance use among patients with substance use disorders. METHOD: The study used a descriptive cross-sectional design. A total of 134 patients aged 18 years and above receiving inpatient treatment for substance use disorders were recruited into the study...
June 18, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913994/patients-referred-from-a-multidisciplinary-pain-clinic-to-the-social-worker-their-general-health-pain-condition-treatment-and-outcome
#13
Heli Aho, Timo Kauppila, Maija Haanpää
Background and aims As far as we know, the range of issues particular to social work, when working with clients at a pain clinic has not been previously researched. Methods A retrospective study of referrals at the multidisciplinary Pain Clinic of Helsinki University Central Hospital was conducted based on medical records, focusing on pain conditions, treatments and patient flow. Variables used were age, gender, pain conditions, treatment interventions, pain duration and intensity, disruption in everyday life due to pain, psychiatric co-morbidities, referrals, outside care providers, post-treatment care and health habits...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913923/national-guidelines-for-evaluating-pain-patients-legal-right-to-prioritised-health-care-at-multidisciplinary-pain-clinics-in-norway-implemented-2009
#14
Karen Walseth Hara, Petter Borchgrevink
Background All nations are posed with the challenge of deciding how to allocate limited health care resources. A Patients' Rights Law from 1999 gives patients in Norway with a serious health condition, for which there is efficacious and cost-effective treatment, a legal right to receive health care from the National Health Care system. Methods Recently national guidelines have been produced for implementing these legal rights within 32 fields of specialist health care. One of these fields deals with serious chronic pain conditions...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913754/psychiatric-axis-i-and-personality-axis-ii-disorders-in-patients-with-burning-mouth-syndrome-or-atypical-facial-pain
#15
Tero Taiminen, Laura Kuusalo, Laura Lehtinen, Heli Forssell, Nora Hagelberg, Olli Tenovuo, Sinikka Luutonen, Antti Pertovaara, Satu Jääskeläinen
Background and aims Burning mouth syndrome (BMS) and atypical facial pain (AFP) are often persistent idiopathic pain conditions that mainly affect middle-aged and elderly women. They have both been associated with various psychiatric disorders. This study examined current and lifetime prevalence of psychiatric axis I (symptom-based) and II (personality) disorders in patients with chronic idiopathic orofacial pain, and investigated the temporal relationship of psychiatric disorders and the onset of orofacial pain...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913376/compulsive-buying-in-paris-psychology-students-assessment-of-dsm-5-personality-trait-domains
#16
David Duroy, Olivier Sabbagh, Ariane Baudel, Michel Lejoyeux
Compulsive buying is associated with significant psychiatric comorbidity, such as personality disorders. Few studies have focused on the dimensional model of personality disorders in compulsive buying. We aimed to assess the eventual presence of personality dysfunctions in compulsive buying according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorder, 5th edition (DSM-5) dimensional conception of personality disorders. We screened online compulsive buying (QABB), characterized purchasing behavior and explored DSM-5 personality trait domains (Personality Inventory for DSM-5-Brief Form [PID-5-BF]) in 233 Paris psychology students using an online self-reporting questionnaire...
June 8, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913087/revisiting-the-role-of-impulsivity-and-compulsivity-in-problematic-sexual-behaviors
#17
Beáta Bőthe, István Tóth-Király, Marc N Potenza, Mark D Griffiths, Gábor Orosz, Zsolt Demetrovics
Impulsivity and compulsivity are transdiagnostic features associated with clinically relevant aspects of psychiatric disorders, including addictions. However, little research has investigated how impulsivity and compulsivity relate to hypersexuality and problematic pornography use. Thus, the aims of the present study were to investigate (a) self-reported impulsivity and compulsivity with respect to hypersexuality and problematic pornography use and (b) the similarities and possible differences between hypersexuality and problematic pornography use in these domains...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913083/risk-factors-for-recurrent-neurotrauma-a-population-based-study-in-southeastern-michigan
#18
R David Hayward, Mary M Fessler, Joseph Buck, Richard D Fessler
INTRODUCTION: Studies have shown an increased risk of traumatic brain injury (TBI) for individuals who suffer an initial TBI. The current study hypothesized that individuals with recurrent neurotrauma would originate from populations considered 'vulnerable', i.e. low income and/or with psychiatric comorbidities. METHODS: Data from the Michigan State Inpatient Database from 2006 to 2014 for the Detroit metropolitan area enlisted a study population of 50 744 patients with neurotrauma...
June 18, 2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913081/anxiety-management-participants-experiences-of-a-physiotherapeutic-group-treatment-in-swedish-psychiatric-outpatient-care
#19
Helena Ölund, Louise Danielsson, Susanne Rosberg
Anxiety disorders are among the most persistent mental health syndromes. There is extensive research showing effectiveness of pharmacotherapy and psychotherapy interventions targeting anxiety, while knowledge is still sparse for other treatment options. The aim of this study was to explore how participants with anxiety disorders experience a physiotherapeutic group treatment in psychiatric outpatient care, and their perceived ability to manage anxiety within two months after participating in the treatment. Semi-structured interviews with participants were conducted to explore experiences of the treatment...
June 18, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912799/adjunct-aripiprazole-reduces-prolactin-and-prolactin-related-adverse-effects-in-premenopausal-women-with-psychosis-results-from-the-daamsel-clinical-trial
#20
Deanna L Kelly, Megan M Powell, Heidi J Wehring, MacKenzie A Sayer, Ann Marie Kearns, Ann L Hackman, Robert W Buchanan, Rebecca B Nichols, Heather A Adams, Charles M Richardson, Gopal Vyas, Robert P McMahon, Amber K Earl, Kelli M Sullivan, Fang Liu, Sarah E Luttrell, Faith B Dickerson, Stephanie M Feldman, Supriya Narang, Maju M Koola, Peter F Buckley, Jill A RachBeisel, Joseph P McEvoy
PURPOSE/BACKGROUND: Prolactin-related adverse effects contribute to nonadherence and adverse health consequences, particularly in women with severe mental illness. Treating these adverse effects may improve treatment acceptability, adherence, and long-term outcomes. METHODS/PROCEDURES: Premenopausal women with a Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Text Revision diagnosis of schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, or bipolar disorder were recruited for a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled 16-week trial of adjunct aripiprazole (5-15 mg/d)...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
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