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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927671/quality-language-subdiscipline-and-promotion-were-associated-with-article-accesses-on-physiotherapy-evidence-database-pedro
#1
Tiê P Yamato, Mohit Arora, Matthew L Stevens, Mark R Elkins, Anne M Moseley
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the relationship between the number of times articles are accessed on the Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro) and the article characteristics. A secondary aim was to examine the relationship between accesses and the number of citations of articles. METHOD: The study was conducted to derive prediction models for the number of accesses of articles indexed on PEDro from factors that may influence an article's accesses. All articles available on PEDro from August 2014 to January 2015 were included...
August 12, 2017: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878731/head-eye-vestibular-motion-therapy-affects-the-mental-and-physical-health-of-severe-chronic-postconcussion-patients
#2
Frederick Robert Carrick, Joseph F Clark, Guido Pagnacco, Matthew M Antonucci, Ahmed Hankir, Rashid Zaman, Elena Oggero
CONTEXT: Approximately 1.8-3.6 million annual traumatic brain injuries occur in the United States. An evidence-based treatment for concussions that is reliable and effective has not been available. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to test whether head-eye vestibular motion (HEVM) therapy is associated with decreased symptoms and increased function in postconcussive syndrome (PCS) patients that have been severely impaired for greater than 6 months after a mild traumatic brain injury...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859596/cervical-myelopathy-presenting-as-bilateral-upper-extremity-weakness
#3
Sean McInerney, Aaron Keil, Jin Suh Kim
A 57-year-old man with insidious onset of progressive bilateral upper extremity weakness was referred to physical therapy by his primary care physician. Following examination, the physical therapist referred the patient back to his primary care physician with a request for cervical magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and neurology consultation. Cervical radiographs demonstrated multilevel degenerative changes, while cervical spine MRI revealed compressive myelopathy, significant spinal canal stenosis, and severe spondylosis J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2017;47(9):691...
September 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844726/cycling-and-spinal-trauma-a-worrying-trend-in-referrals-to-a-national-spine-centre
#4
M P Broe, J C Kelly, P J Groarke, K Synnott, S Morris
INTRODUCTION: Cycling has seen a large increase in popularity worldwide over the last number of years. This has been linked to an increase in the number of road traffic accidents involving cyclists. Participation in cycling as part of competitive sport and endurance events has seen particular growth. AIM: To examine patients referred with spinal trauma related to cycling and to assess whether the growing popularity of cycling and particularly competitive cycling is linked to an increase in spinal trauma...
August 22, 2017: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795005/participation-in-sports-in-relation-to-adolescent-growth-and-development
#5
REVIEW
Kelly A Brown, Dilip R Patel, Daphne Darmawan
Puberty is defined by physical growth, development of secondary sexual characteristics, and maturation of psychosocial skills. The initiation and rate of progression of pubertal events varies among adolescents, but pubertal changes occur in a predictable stepwise manner. Factors including individual differences in physical and psychosocial development, stage of development based on age (early, middle, and late), and the rate of pubertal development, may all contribute to the way in which adolescents experience sports activities...
July 2017: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736353/sport-related-structural-brain-injury-three-cases-of-subdural-hemorrhage-in-american-high-school-football
#6
Aaron M Yengo-Kahn, Ryan M Gardner, Andrew W Kuhn, Gary S Solomon, Christopher M Bonfield, Scott L Zuckerman
BACKGROUND: The risk of sport-related concussion (SRC) has emerged as a major public health concern. In rare instances, sport-related head injuries can be even more severe, such as subdural hemorrhage, epidural hemorrhage, or malignant cerebral edema. Unlike SRCs, sport-related structural brain injury (SRSBI) is rare, may require neurosurgical intervention, and can lead to permanent neurologic deficit or death. Data characterizing SRSBI is limited and many have recognized the need to better understand these catastrophic brain injuries...
July 20, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696987/nutritional-supplements-for-the-treatment-and-prevention-of-sports-related-concussion-evidence-still-lacking
#7
Thomas H Trojian, David H Wang, John J Leddy
Concussions are common neurologic events that affect many athletes. Very little has been studied on the treatment of concussions with supplements and medications. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) reminds us that no supplement has been proven to treat concussions. Many animal studies show that supplements have potential for improving the effects of a brain injury but none have been shown to be of consistent benefit in human studies. Animal studies on severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) may not therefore be applicable transfer to sports-related concussions (SRC)...
July 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673418/sports-neurology
#8
EDITORIAL
Tad Seifert
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Neurologic Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673417/neurologic-injuries-in-noncontact-sports
#9
REVIEW
Robert J Marquardt, Andrew Blake Buletko, Andrew Neil Russman
Noncontact sports are associated with a variety of neurologic injuries. Concussion, vascular injury (arterial dissection), and spinal cord trauma may be less common in noncontact sports, but require special attention from the sports neurologist. Complex regional pain disorders, muscle injury from repetitive use, dystonia, heat exposure, and vascular disorders (patent foramen ovale), occur with similar frequency in noncontact and contact sports. Management of athletes with these conditions requires an understanding of the neurologic consequences of these disorders, the risk of injury with return to play, and consideration for the benefits of exercise in health restoration and disease prevention...
August 2017: Neurologic Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673413/neurologic-health-in-combat-sports
#10
REVIEW
Tad Seifert
Neurologic injuries of both an acute and chronic nature have been reported in the literature for various combat sport styles; however, reports of the incidence and prevalence of these injury types vary greatly. Combat sports clinicians must continue to strive for the development, implementation, and enforcement of uniform minimum requirements for brain safety. These health care providers must also seize on the honor to provide this oft-underserved population with the health care advocacy they very much deserve, but often do not receive...
August 2017: Neurologic Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673408/sideline-sports-concussion-assessment
#11
REVIEW
Kenneth Podell, Chase Presley, Howard Derman
The sideline assessment of concussions is a complex multisystem assessment to detect whether an athlete shows signs or symptoms of concussion and should be removed from practice or competition to prevent greater neurologic compromise. Sideline concussion assessments are challenging given some of the environmental conditions, substitution rules of some sports, the possibility of athletes underreporting symptoms, and the difficulties of defining a concussion. The SCAT is the standard of care and is augmented with other procedures to enhance sensitivity and specificity...
August 2017: Neurologic Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673405/the-current-state-of-sports-concussion
#12
REVIEW
Johna K Register-Mihalik, Melissa C Kay
Concussion is a complex injury that requires a multimodal assessment to identify and manage the resulting dysfunction. To appropriately manage concussion, clinicians must be aware of the accompanying pathophysiology and dysfunction that occurs following the injury. The current best practice model of care includes symptom, motor, and neurocognitive assessment and management. Furthermore, clinicians should be aware that lifetime accumulation of head impacts may also play a role in neurologic presentation and response to concussion...
August 2017: Neurologic Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672217/do-people-with-epilepsy-have-a-different-lifestyle
#13
Clara Aguirre, Sonia Quintas, Ana María Ruiz-Tornero, Guadalupe Alemán, Ana Betariz Gago-Veiga, María de Toledo, Jose Vivancos
BACKGROUND: Epilepsy is one of the most common neurological diseases. Its high prevalence, economic relevance and impact on daily life make it crucial that we study this condition in further detail. Our study seeks to investigate whether the lifestyle of people diagnosed with epilepsy is different to that of people without epilepsy, in order to better understand our patients. METHODS: We designed and delivered a questionnaire about quality of life and daily habits to patients from our hospital's Epilepsy Unit...
June 30, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654066/a-mouse-model-of-single-and-repetitive-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#14
Bevan S Main, Stephanie S Sloley, Sonia Villapol, David N Zapple, Mark P Burns
Mild Traumatic Brain Injury (mTBI) can result in the acute loss of brain function, including a period of confusion, a loss of consciousness (LOC), focal neurological deficits and even amnesia. Athletes participating in contact sports are at high risk of exposure to large number of mTBIs. In terms of the level of injury in a sporting athlete, a mTBI is defined as a mild injury that does not cause gross pathological changes, but does cause short-term neurological deficits that are spontaneously resolved. Despite previous attempts to model mTBI in mice and rats, many have reported gross adverse effects including skull fractures, intracerebral bleeding, axonal injury and neuronal cell death...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637118/asymptomatic-chiari-type-i-malformation-should-patients-be-advised-against-participation-in-contact-sports
#15
Robert Spencer, Paul Leach
BACKGROUND: Chiari type I malformation (CM-I) is characterised by caudal displacement of the cerebellar tonsils through the foramen magnum, crowding the craniocervical junction. It is being increasingly diagnosed in asymptomatic patients due to the widespread availability of MRI, and there are case reports of these patients suffering sudden death or neurological injury following head or neck trauma, raising the issue of whether they should be prohibited from contact sport participation, given the likelihood of frequent trauma...
March 2, 2017: British Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627298/a-prospective-transcranial-doppler-ultrasound-based-evaluation-of-the-acute-and-cumulative-effects-of-sport-related-concussion-on-neurovascular-coupling-response-dynamics
#16
Alexander D Wright, Jonathan D Smirl, Kelsey Bryk, Paul van Donkelaar
Sport-related concussion has been shown to alter cerebral blood flow (CBF) both acutely and chronically, and may exert cumulative effects across multiple injuries. Such dysfunction may be mediated by trauma-induced deficits to CBF control mechanisms, though our understanding of these effects is limited, including dynamics of neurovascular coupling (NVC) responses (i.e., CBF responses to neurologic demand). A total of 179 junior-level contact sport athletes completed preseason testing; 42 reported never having experienced a concussion (Hx(-)) while 31 had endured three or more (Hx(3+))...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622489/the-role-of-exercise-and-patient-education-in-the-noninvasive-management-of-whiplash
#17
REVIEW
Trudy Rebbeck
Synopsis The majority of people with whiplash-associated disorder do not have neurological deficit or fracture and are therefore largely managed with nonsurgical interventions such as exercise, patient education, and behavioral-based interventions. To date, clinical guidelines, systematic reviews, and the results of high-quality randomized controlled trials recommend exercise and patient education as the primary interventions for people in both acute and chronic stages after injury. However, the relatively weak evidence and small effect sizes in individual trials have led authors of some systematic reviews to reach equivocal recommendations for either exercise or patient education, and led policy makers and funders to question whether the more expensive intervention (exercise) should be funded at all...
July 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594516/lumbar-spine-injuries-in-the-athlete
#18
Dustin H Massel, Kern Singh
Low back pain is the most common complaint expressed by adult patients in the primary care setting, and the incidence of low back pain in adolescents is rising. Adolescents who are involved in athletics most commonly suffer from spondylolysis, spondylolisthesis, mechanical low back pain, and herniated disks, whereas adult athletes most commonly suffer from lumbosacral strain and herniated or degenerative disks. Initial nonsurgical management aims to reduce inflammation and noninvasively strengthen damaged tissues...
February 15, 2017: Instructional Course Lectures
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552947/relationship-of-mechanical-impact-magnitude-to-neurologic-dysfunction-severity-in-a-rat-traumatic-brain-injury-model
#19
Tsung-Hsun Hsieh, Jing-Wei Kang, Jing-Huei Lai, Ying-Zu Huang, Alexander Rotenberg, Kai-Yun Chen, Jia-Yi Wang, Shu-Yen Chan, Shih-Ching Chen, Yung-Hsiao Chiang, Chih-Wei Peng
OBJECTIVE: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major brain injury type commonly caused by traffic accidents, falls, violence, or sports injuries. To obtain mechanistic insights about TBI, experimental animal models such as weight-drop-induced TBI in rats have been developed to mimic closed-head injury in humans. However, the relationship between the mechanical impact level and neurological severity following weight-drop-induced TBI remains uncertain. In this study, we comprehensively investigated the relationship between physical impact and graded severity at various weight-drop heights...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549892/radial-head-arthroplasty-in-the-active-duty-military-service-member-with-minimum-2-year-follow-up
#20
John C Dunn, Nicholas A Kusnezov, Logan R Koehler, Emmanuel D Eisenstein, Kelly G Kilcoyne, Justin D Orr, Justin S Mitchell
PURPOSE: Radial head arthroplasty (RHA) is a viable treatment for complex radial head fracture. Whereas elbow stability and function is typically restored at short- to mid-term follow-up, the outcome in higher-demand populations is not well defined. We sought to characterize the functional and occupational outcomes following RHA in an active duty military population with intense upper extremity demands. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of all U.S...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
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