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gastrectomy D2

Naoto Takahashi, Mitsuro Kanda, Takaki Yoshikawa, Nobuhiro Takiguchi, Kazumasa Fujitani, Katsufumi Miyamoto, Yuichi Ito, Osamu Takayama, Motohiro Imano, Norio Mitsumori, Junichi Sakamoto, Satoshi Morita, Yasuhiro Kodera
BACKGROUND: Intraperitoneal administration of paclitaxel had been considered a promising option to treat peritoneal metastasis, the most frequent pattern of recurrence in gastric cancer after D2 gastrectomy, but its safety and efficacy after gastrectomy had not been fully explored. METHODS: A phase II randomized comparison of postoperative intraperitoneal (IP) vs. intravenous (IV) paclitaxel was conducted. Patients with resectable gastric linitis plastica, cancer with minimal amount of peritoneal deposits (P1), or cancer positive for the peritoneal washing cytology (CY1) were eligible...
March 13, 2018: Gastric Cancer
Marina A Pereira, Marcus F K P Ramos, Sheila F Faraj, Andre R Dias, Osmar K Yagi, Bruno Zilberstein, Ivan Cecconello, Venancio A F Alves, Evandro S de Mello, Ulysses Ribeiro
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Gastric cancer (GC) has recently been categorized in molecular subtypes, which include Epstein-Barr (EBV)-positive and microsatellite instability (MSI) tumors. This distinction may provide prognostic information and identifies therapeutic targets. The aim of this study was to evaluate EBV, MSI, and PD-L1 immunoexpression in GC and its relationship with clinicopathological characteristics and patient's prognosis. METHODS: We evaluated 287 GC patients who underwent D2-gastrectomy through immunohistochemistry for DNA mismatch repair proteins and PD-L1, and in situ hybridization for EBV detection utilizing tissue microarray...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Surgical Oncology
Stojan Potrc, Arpad Ivanecz, Bojan Krebs, Urska Marolt, Bojan Iljevec, Tomaz Jagric
Background: Adenocarcinomas at the cardia are biologically aggressive tumors with poor long-term survival following curative resection. For resectable adenocarcinoma of the cardia, mostly esophagus extended total gastrectomy or esophagus extended proximal gastric resection is performed; however, the surgical approach, transhiatal or transthoracic, is still under discussion. Postoperative morbidity, mortality and long-term survival were analyzed to evaluate the potential differences in clinically relevant outcomes...
March 2018: Radiology and Oncology
Lei Cai, Yan Li, Xue-Wen Yang, Xiao Lian, Man Guo, Shu-Ao Xiao, Wen-Bin Wang, Hong-Wei Zhang
Background: The mucinous component is a special histologic factor in gastric adenocarcinoma. The aim of this study was to assess the prognostic significance of mucinous component in gastric adenocarcinoma according to proportion. Patients and methods: Candidate patients with gastric adenocarcinoma were given radical D2 gastrectomies from September 2008 to May 2015 in our division. Clinicopathologic data and prognosis were monitored and analyzed among gastric adenocarcinoma patients with various proportions of mucinous component...
2018: OncoTargets and Therapy
Sung Eun Oh, Min-Gew Choi, Jeong-Meen Seo, Ji Yeong An, Jun Ho Lee, Tae Sung Sohn, Jae Moon Bae, Sung Kim
BACKGROUND & AIMS: It has been suggested that nutritional status is related to the survival outcomes of cancer patients. The purpose of the current research is to evaluate the importance of the prognosis of various nutritional parameters during the perioperative period in patients with gastric cancer. METHODS: This study enrolled patients with gastric cancer who underwent D2 gastrectomy at the Department of Surgery, Samsung Medical Center, in 2008. The prognostic significance of nutritional parameters was analyzed, along with other clinical and pathological variables, preoperatively and postoperatively at 3, 6, and 12 months...
February 20, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Tsutomu Namikawa, Sachi Tsuda, Kazune Fujisawa, Jun Iwabu, Sunao Uemura, Shigehiro Tsujii, Hiromichi Maeda, Hiroyuki Kitagawa, Michiya Kobayashi, Kazuhiro Hanazaki
Conversion therapy for gastric cancer is a new therapeutic concept. We report a case of a patient with advanced gastric cancer who underwent conversion surgery due to a remarkable regression of multiple liver metastases following chemotherapy. A 71-year-old man was referred to our hospital with gastric cancer. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) revealed an irregular, nodular, ulcerated lesion in the lower third of the stomach. Analysis of biopsy specimens revealed a poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma. Abdominal contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) showed multiple liver mass lesions...
March 2, 2018: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
Sung Eun Oh, Sung Wook Seo, Min-Gew Choi, Tae Sung Sohn, Jae Moon Bae, Sung Kim
BACKGROUND: Artificial neural networks (ANNs) have been applied to many prediction and classification problems, and could also be used to develop a prediction model of survival outcomes for cancer patients. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to develop a prediction model of survival outcomes for patients with gastric cancer using an ANN. METHODS: This study enrolled 1243 patients with stage IIA-IV gastric cancer who underwent D2 gastrectomy from January 2007 to June 2010...
March 1, 2018: Annals of Surgical Oncology
Hankun Hao, Jun Hong, Yaping Wang, Jian Wang, Yibing Bei, Luchun Hua
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility and the short-term safety of self-pulling and latter transected esophagojejunostomy(SPLT) in totally laparoscopic total gastrectomy (TLTG). METHODS: One hundred patients with gastric cancer received TLTG-SPLT at General Surgery Department of Huashan Hospital (Fudan University) from June 2014 to January 2017(SPLT group). The clinicopathologic characteristics, surgical and postoperative outcomes were collected retrospectively and compared with the conventional group undergoing TLTG plus overlap or functional end-to-end anastomosis from October 2013 to December 2015...
February 25, 2018: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Changming Huang, Mi Lin
According to Japanese gastric cancer treatment guidelines, the standard operation for locally advanced upper third gastric cancer is the total gastrectomy with D2 lymphadenectomy, which includes the dissection of the splenic hilar lymph nodes. With the development of minimally invasive ideas and surgical techniques, laparoscopic spleen-preserving splenic hilar lymph node dissection is gradually accepted. It needs high technical requirements and should be carried out by surgeons with rich experience of open operation and skilled laparoscopic techniques...
February 25, 2018: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Jiankun Hu, Weihan Zhang, Xinzu Chen
Neoadjuvant chemotherapy combined with radical gastrectomy is one of the most important parts of the multimodality therapy strategies for locally advanced gastric cancer. With the development of laparoscopic technique in recent decades, laparoscopic technique plays a more and more important role in the surgical treatment of gastric cancer. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy, as a part of comprehensive treatment of gastric cancer, has gained more and more clinical supports and been recommended for guidelines. With the development of laparoscopic technique and clinical evidence, laparoscopic operation for advanced gastric cancer has been applied more and more widely...
February 25, 2018: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Enhao Zhao, Gang Zhao, Hui Cao
In the past few years, the early detection of gastric cancer has increased in China. The surgical treatment for early gastric cancer has gradually transformed from conventional gastrectomy with D2 lymphadenectomy to function-preserving gastrectomy which maximally preserves the anatomy and physiology of stomach to maintain the quality of life of the patient. Driven by minimally invasive techniques, function-preserving gastrectomies, including pylorus-preserving gastrectomy, proximal gastrectomy, sentinel node navigation surgery, etc...
February 25, 2018: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Guoxin Li, Xinhua Chen, Jiang Yu, Hao Liu
Laparoscopic surgery has its unique minimally invasive advantages, however, taking the complex and difficult D2 lymph node dissection for advanced gastric cancer into consideration, laparoscopic gastrectomy was only applied in the treatment of early gastric cancer at its preliminary stage. With the development of more than a decade, many multicenter clinical data have confirmed the safety, feasibility and effectiveness of laparoscopic radical gastrectomy for early gastric cancer. Based on high-quality evidence-based medicine evidence, laparoscopic gastrectomy has been recommended as an optional treatment for stage I( gastric cancer by the Japanese Gastric Cancer Treatment Guidelines 2014(ver...
February 25, 2018: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Fenglin Liu, Xinyu Qin
Many retrospective and cohort studies have shown that laparoscopic total gastrectomy(LTG) has advantages of less trauma, quicker recovery and better incision than open total gastrectomy, and is not inferior to laparotomy in safety and the short- and long-term outcomes, so it has been widely applied. However there is still a lack of high level evidence-based basis. At present, several prospective multicenter clinical studies are being carried out in China, Japan and South Korea which have high incidence of gastric cancer to demonstrate the safety and feasibility of LTG and evaluate its long-term outcomes as well...
February 25, 2018: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Suguru Nukada, Tsutomu Sato, Toru Aoyama, Mariko Kamiya, Shinya Amano, Shuzo Tamura, Takanobu Yamada, Naoto Yamamoto, Hiroshi Harada, Takashi Oshima, Haruhiko Cho, Takaki Yoshikawa, Shoji Yamanaka, Yasushi Rino, Munetaka Masuda
The standard therapy for Stage IV gastric cancer is chemotherapy. It is not certain, but conversion surgery is expected to be effective. We report the cases of 3 patients who achieved long-term survival after conversion surgery. Case 1 was of a 59- year-old woman. The tumor was classified as L-Less Post, Type 2, tub1, cT3N2M1(#16a2lat), Stage IV. Then, we initiated S-1 plus cisplatin and the LN achieved PRafter 4 courses. We performed distal gastrectomy with D2 lymph node dissection in February 2011. It was classified as ypT2N2 and the primary lesion was histologically classified as Grade 1a...
February 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Yumi Zen, Sachiko Kaida, Katsushi Takebayashi, Tsuyoshi Yamaguchi, Satoshi Murata, Yoshitaka Terada, Tomoyuki Ueki, Toru Miyake, Hiroya Iida, Hiroya Akabori, Naomi Kitamura, Hiromichi Sonoda, Tomoharu Shimizu, Shigeyuki Naka, Masaji Tani
A 70's man presenting with a chief complaint of stomachache was found to have advanced gastric cancer with a deep ulcer and some lymph-node metastases. We decided performing a curative operation after 2 courses of S-1 plus cisplatin. On the first course day 13 of chemotherapy, he complained of severe epigastralgia, and we diagnosed as generalized peritonitis due to perforation of gastric cancer. We performed an urgent laparoscopic operation, which made perforation simple closure and omentopexy. Curative distal gastrectomy with D2 lymph node dissection was successfully performed on postoperative day 16...
February 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Roberson A Moron, Carlos Eduardo Jacob, Claudio José Caldas Bresciani, Kleber Simões, Venâncio Avancini Ferreira Alves, Kyoshi Irya, Joaquim Gama-Rodrigues, Ivan Cecconello, Adhemar Longatto-Filho, Bruno Zilberstein
The aim of the present study was to determine the clinical significance of p53 and p21ras p21wafl , p27kip1 and p16ink4a expression in cases of early gastric cancer. A total of 81 patients who had undergone gastrectomy with D2 lymphadenectomy between 1971 and 2004 were retrospectively investigated. The immunohistochemical expression of p21ras , p53, p21waf1/cip1 , p27kip1 and p16ink4a in the tissues was evaluated. In normal, metaplastic and tumoral mucosa, p53 was positive in 53, 87.3, and 87.1% of the cases, respectively...
March 2018: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Edgar Fermín Yan Quiroz, Jorge De La Cruz Mio, Víctor Álvarez Díaz, Folker Agreda Castro, Mery Nancy Villarreal González
This communication describes the first case in the Regional Institute of Neoplastic Diseases "Luis Pinillos Ganoza" IREN North in which a patient with advanced gastric carcinoma showed complete response to neoadjuvant histopathologic. We describe the case of a patient woman of 70 years old with histopathologic diagnosis of moderately differentiated tubular gastric adenocarcinoma, locally advanced associated with images of perigastric lymphadenopathy and loss of the interface between gastric tumor, hepatic hilum and gallbladder...
October 2017: Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú
In-Hwan Kim, Sung-Soo Park, Chang-Min Lee, Min Chan Kim, In-Kyu Kwon, Jae-Seok Min, Hyoung-Il Kim, Han Hong Lee, Sang-Il Lee, Hyundong Chae
BACKGROUND: After curative resection of gastric cancer with D2 lymph node dissection, postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy with S-1 or capecitabine plus oxaliplatin (XELOX) is considered to be standard therapy in Eastern countries. This study aimed to compare the efficacies of adjuvant S-1 and XELOX chemotherapy for gastric cancer patients after D2 dissection based on disease-free survival (DFS). METHODS: This retrospective observational study was conducted at 29 tertiary hospitals in Korea...
February 15, 2018: Annals of Surgical Oncology
Courtney E Barrows, Ana Sofia Ore, Jonathan Critchlow, A James Moser
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 12, 2018: Annals of Surgical Oncology
Hirohiko Kuroda, Hiroaki Saito, Yusuke Kono, Yuki Murakami, Yuji Shishido, Tomoyuki Matsunaga, Yoji Fukumoto, Tomohiro Osaki, Keigo Ashida, Kanae Nosaka, Yoshihisa Umekita, Yoshiyuki Fujiwara
Carcinosarcoma is a malignant tumor composed of both epithelial and mesenchymal malignant tumor components. A 78-year-old man was transferred to our hospital because of hematemesis and tarry stool. An emergency gastrointestinal endoscopic examination revealed active bleeding from an ulcerative lesion on the posterior wall of the gastric body; endoscopic hemostasis was successfully performed. A gastrointestinal endoscopy performed two months later showed a polypoid lesion at the same place where the ulcer had been...
December 2017: Yonago Acta Medica
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