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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905005/management-of-gastric-cancer-in-indian-population
#1
REVIEW
Mohammed Ibrahim, Kissan Gilbert
Adenocarcinoma stands the most common malignancies in the gastric carcinomas and holds a significant mortality and morbidity rates annually, due to the early vague symptoms among the population and hence the delayed presentation at advanced stages of cancer. In India the screening programs for gastric cancer has been a setback due to various logistics reasons and the data available from reporting is also not content. Our study is a review article featuring the management of gastric cancer in the Indian population...
2017: Translational Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881736/comparisons-of-short-term-and-survival-outcomes-of-laparoscopy-assisted-versus-open-total-gastrectomy-for-gastric-cancer-patients
#2
Xin-Zu Chen, Shao-Yong Wang, Yin-Su Wang, Zi-Han Jiang, Wei-Han Zhang, Kai Liu, Kun Yang, Xiao-Long Chen, Lin-Yong Zhao, Meng Qiu, Hong-Feng Gou, Zong-Guang Zhou, Jian-Kun Hu
OBJECTIVES: The safety and surgical oncology of laparoscopy-assisted total gastrectomy (LATG) remain inconclusive and challenging. This study aimed to compare the short-term and long-term outcomes between LATG and open total gastrectomy (OTG) procedures. RESULTS: In the all-included analyses, there were 69 patients in the LATG group and 268 in the OTG group. LATG was as safe as OTG without increasing postoperative morbidity and mortality. Stage imbalance might introduce differences in the numbers of harvested lymph nodes in LATG (34...
August 8, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881504/low-dose-radiation-therapy-for-massive-chylous-leakage-after-subtotal-gastrectomy
#3
Sang-Won Kim, Jung Hoon Kim
Massive chylous leakage is a rare postoperative complication that can prolong hospital stay and cause secondary morbidities. Conservative management strategies are the treatment of choice; however, radiation therapy (RT) can be used as an alternative for cases that are refractory to conservative treatment. Herein, we report a 69-year-old female patient who suffered from massive chylous leakage after subtotal gastrectomy. Due to persistent massive chylous leakage, she was scheduled to undergo low-dose RT. Radiation was delivered with a daily dose of 1 Gy, using an anterior-posterior and posterior-anterior beam arrangement...
September 15, 2017: Radiation Oncology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876422/gastric-cancer-with-lesion-extending-to-spleen-and-perforation-into-free-peritoneum
#4
Roberto Gonçalves, Roberto Saad, Carlos Alberto Malheiros, Paulo Kassab, Nathália Lins Pontes Vieira
Perforated gastric carcinoma is a rare condition that is hard to diagnose preoperatively. It is associated with advanced cancer stages and has a high mortality, particularly in cases presenting preoperative shock. Few studies have investigated the presentation and adequate management of these carcinomas. In addition, there are no reports in the literature on perforations extending to the spleen, as described in this case, making the management of these lesions challenging. Our article reports a case of gastric tumor perforation extending to the spleen, which presented as a perforated acute abdomen...
June 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853036/successful-conversion-surgery-for-gastric-cancer-with-multiple-liver-metastases-treated-after-s-1-plus-cisplatin-combination-chemotherapy-a-case-report
#5
Masashi Tsunematsu, Naoto Takahashi, Keishiro Murakami, Takeyuki Misawa, Tadashi Akiba, Katsuhiko Yanaga
BACKGROUND: Gastric cancer with multiple liver metastases have poor prognosis. Recently, stage IV gastric cancer patients who respond well to systemic chemotherapy can be treated by gastrectomy. We herein report a case of advanced gastric cancer with liver metastases who was successfully downstaged by systemic chemotherapy and underwent conversion surgery. CASE PRESENTATION: A 60-year-old male patient was diagnosed with gastric cancer with multiple liver metastases [cT3N3M1, stage IV]...
August 29, 2017: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842726/laparoscopic-d2-total-gastrectomy-and-en-mass-splenectomy-and-distal-pancreatectomy-for-locally-advanced-proximal-gastric-cancer
#6
Bin Chet Toh, Jaideepraj Rao
BACKGROUND: Safety and efficacy of laparoscopy surgery in locally Advanced Gastric Cancers (AGC) have not been proven by randomized control trials. Therefore, standard of care for AGC is still open surgery. Here, we are presenting a 64-year-old female with proximal gastric adenocarcinoma (close to cardio-oesophageal junction) adherent to tail of pancreas, who underwent D2 total gastrectomy en-mass distal pancreatectomy and splenectomy. METHODS: Five ports are entered into the peritoneal cavity (Three 10-12 mm and two 5 mm ports)...
August 25, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836242/-discussion-on-standardized-implementation-of-laparoscopic-radical-lymphadenectomy-for-distal-gastric-cancer
#7
Zejian Lyu, Junjiang Wang, Yong Li
Laparoscopic radical gastrectomy for gastric cancer has been widely applied in clinical practice, and its indications have been extended from early gastric cancer to advanced gastric cancer. It is acknowledged that laparoscopic radical gastrectomy is technically challenging because of the complexity of anatomy, rich blood supply, and extensive lymph node dissection. This paper primarily intends to share the experience of laparoscopic radical D2 gastrectomy for distal gastric cancer with details of choosing the location of Trocar, surgical approaches and the sequence of lymph node dissection...
August 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836239/-reconsideration-of-hot-topics-on-laparoscopic-radical-gastrectomy
#8
Lu Zang, Junjun Ma, Minhua Zheng
Laparoscopic radical gastrectomy(LRG) has been popularized with the development of laparoscopic surgical techniques. As a result of the requirement of surgical skill of LRG, the evidence is always highly demanded. The surgical safety and radical resection of tumor is one of the most important principles. Based on published studies and authors' own experience, this article discusses the following topics on laparoscopic gastrectomy: (1)Indications of surgery: Laparoscopic gastrectomy for early gastric cancer is accepted all over the world...
August 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810883/treatment-of-localized-gastric-and-gastroesophageal-adenocarcinoma-the-role-of-accurate-staging-and-preoperative-therapy
#9
REVIEW
Brian Badgwell, Prajnan Das, Jaffer Ajani
Gastric cancer is the third most common cause of cancer death worldwide, although it is not in the top 10 causes of cancer death in Northern America. Due to clear differences in incidence, screening, risk factors, tumor biology, and treatment between gastric cancers from Eastern and Western countries, our treatment is primarily guided by trials from Western countries. Patients undergo an extensive staging evaluation including high-quality CT imaging, endoscopic ultrasound, and diagnostic laparoscopy with peritoneal washings for cytology...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Hematology & Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767807/model-of-a-training-program-in-robotic-surgery-and-its-initial-results
#10
Fernando Athayde Veloso Madureira, José Luís Souza Varela, Delta Madureira, Luis Alfredo Vieira D'Almeida, Fábio Athayde Veloso Madureira, Alexandre Miranda Duarte, Otávio Pires Vaz, José Reinan Ramos
Objective: to describe the implementation of a training program in robotic surgery and to point the General Surgery procedures that can be performed with advantages using the robotic platform. Methods: we conducted a retrospective analysis of data collected prospectively from the robotic surgery group in General and Colo-Retal Surgery at the Samaritan Hospital (Rio de Janeiro, Brazil), from October 2012 to December 2015. We describe the training stages and particularities...
May 2017: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761726/phase-i-study-of-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-with-s-1-and-oxaliplatin-for-locally-advanced-gastric-cancer-neo-g-sox-pi
#11
Hironaga Satake, Akira Miki, Masato Kondo, Takeshi Kotake, Yoshihiro Okita, Yukimasa Hatachi, Hisateru Yasui, Yukihiro Imai, Chihiro Ichikawa, Kenta Murotani, Hiroki Hashida, Hiroyuki Kobayashi, Masahito Kotaka, Takeshi Kato, Satoshi Kaihara, Akihito Tsuji
BACKGROUND: The prognosis of locally advanced gastric cancer, such as clinical T4 disease, bulky nodal involvement, type 4 and large type 3 gastric cancer, remains unsatisfactory, even with D2 gastrectomy followed by adjuvant chemotherapy. One promising approach is neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Combination chemotherapy with S-1 and oxaliplatin (SOX) is recognised as a potentially promising regimen for gastric cancer. However, the use of neoadjuvant chemotherapy consisting of SOX for locally advanced gastric cancer has not been reported...
2017: ESMO Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739759/explored-risk-factors-for-lymph-node-metastasis-with-siewert-ii-iii-adenocarcinoma-of-the-gastroesophageal-junction
#12
Zhi Zheng, Jie Yin, Hong-Wei Wu, Jun Li, Jun Cai, Sheng-Qi Qin, Jun Zhang, Hong-Wei Yao, Jian-She Li, Zhong-Tao Zhang
AIM: To explore the risk factors and prognosis for lymphatic metastasis (LNM) in patients with Siewert II/III adenocarcinoma of the gastroesophageal junction (AEG). PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study retrospectively reviewed 49 patients with Siewert II/III AEG. Clinical characteristics and pathological features were analyzed by the Chi-square the and binary logistic regression. Survival data were analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier method. RESULTS: LNM frequency was found in lymph nodes No...
August 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732676/expansion-of-lymph-node-metastasis-in-mixed-type-submucosal-invasive-gastric-cancer
#13
Koji Mikami, Yukiko Hirano, Kitaro Futami, Takafumi Maekawa
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Mixed-type early gastric cancer (differentiated and undifferentiated components) incurs a higher risk of lymph node metastasis than pure-type early gastric cancer (only differentiated or only undifferentiated components). Therefore, we investigated the expansion of lymph node metastasis in mixed-type submucosal invasive gastric cancer in order to establish the most appropriate treatment for mixed-type cancer. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 279 consecutive patients with submucosal invasive gastric cancer who underwent curative gastrectomy for gastric cancer between 1996 and 2015...
July 18, 2017: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722091/-analysis-of-lymph-node-metastasis-pattern-in-gastric-cancer-patients-at-stage-pn1
#14
Bin Ke, Ning Liu, Rupeng Zhang, Xiaofan Guo, Bin Li, Xuejun Wang, Han Liang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the lymph node metastasis pattern in pN1 stage gastric cancer patients and to analyze its risk factors. METHODS: Clinicopathological data of 219 patients who underwent radical gastrectomy and were confirmed as pN1 stage gastric cancer between January 2013 and March 2016 were reviewed. All the patients underwent D2 or extended D2(D2+) lymphadenectomy. The overall metastatic rate was calculated. The risk factors associated with lymph node metastasis were analyzed...
July 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722081/-quality-control-of-radical-lymphadenectomy-for-gastric-cancer
#15
Han Liang
D2 lymphadenectomy is currently the worldwide standard operation for locally advanced gastric cancer. There were no major modifications for extent of standard lymphadenectomy in Japanese gastric cancer treatment guidelines 2014(ver.4). Prophylactic para-arotic lymphadenectomy is not recommended. Although there is no high level evidence, D2+No14v may be beneficial to patients who are suspected to harbor metastasis to No6 node, and D2+No13 lymphadenectomy may be an option in a potentially curative gastrectomy for tumors invading the duodenum...
July 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707042/validity-of-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-with-docetaxel-cisplatin-and-s-1-for-resectable-locally-advanced-gastric-cancer
#16
Kinro Sasaki, Shinichi Onodera, Kichiro Otsuka, Hitoshi Satomura, Eigo Kurayama, Tsukasa Kubo, Masakazu Takahashi, Jun Ito, Masanobu Nakajima, Satoru Yamaguchi, Kazuhito Miyachi, Hiroyuki Kato
Gastrectomy with D2 lymphadenectomy plus postoperative chemotherapy is the standard treatment for resectable locally advanced gastric cancer in Japan. However, the prognosis of patients with serosa-positive tumors remains unsatisfactory because of peritoneal recurrence. This study aimed to investigate the validity of neoadjuvant therapy with docetaxel, cisplatin, and S-1 (DCS) in patients with locally advanced gastric cancer. Thirty patients with locally advanced gastric cancer underwent neoadjuvant DCS therapy at Dokkyo Medical University Hospital between June 2013 and October 2015...
August 2017: Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705789/treatment-of-peritoneal-dissemination-in-stomach-cancer-patients-with-cytoreductive-surgery-and-hyperthermic-intraperitoneal-chemotherapy-hipec-rationale-and-design-of-the-periscope-study
#17
Rosa T van der Kaaij, Hidde Jw Braam, Henk Boot, Maartje Los, Annemieke Cats, Cecile Grootscholten, Jan Hm Schellens, Arend Gj Aalbers, Alwin Dr Huitema, Catherijne Aj Knibbe, Djamila Boerma, Marinus J Wiezer, Bert van Ramshorst, Johanna W van Sandick
BACKGROUND: Patients with gastric cancer and peritoneal carcinomatosis have a very poor prognosis; median survival is 3 to 4 months. Palliative systemic chemotherapy is currently the only treatment available in the Netherlands. Intraoperative hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) has an established role in the treatment of peritoneal carcinomatosis originating from colorectal cancer, appendiceal cancer, and pseudomyxoma peritonei; its role in gastric cancer is uncertain. Currently, there is no consensus on the choice of chemotherapeutic agents used in HIPEC for gastric cancer...
July 13, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678754/impact-of-splenic-hilar-lymph-node-metastasis-on-prognosis-in-patients-with-advanced-gastric-cancer
#18
Taeil Son, In Gyu Kwon, Joong Ho Lee, Youn Young Choi, Hyoung-Il Kim, Jae-Ho Cheong, Sung Hoon Noh, Woo Jin Hyung
BACKGROUND: Impact of splenic hilar LN dissection during total gastrectomy for proximal advanced gastric cancer is controversial. The objective of this study was to assess the impact on prognosis of splenic hilar lymph node(LN) metastasis compared to that of metastasis to other regional LN groups. STUDY DESIGN: Patients who underwent total gastrectomy with D2 LN dissection from 2000 to 2010 were reviewed retrospectively. The clinicopathologic characteristics and long-term results of patients with splenic hilar LN metastasis were compared to those of patients with only metastasis to other extraperigastric LNs (stations #8a, #9, #11, or #12a)...
June 28, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678323/expression-and-prognostic-roles-of-magnesium-dependent-phosphatase-1-in-gastric-cancer
#19
Y Chen, J Lin, M Yang, C-W Xu, B-Z Chen, X-J Li, W-F Zhu, W-D Fu, H Yu, M-G Ying, G Chen
OBJECTIVE: Gastric cancer is a leading cause of cancer deaths and has a poor prognosis after diagnosis. Previous studies showed that Magnesium-Dependent Phosphatase-1 (MDP-1) might be a key component for glycosylation in human protein repair, and an alteration of its function has been involved in some aspects of cellular metabolic networks linked to either normal or pathological processe. In this study, we investigate the MDP-1 status in patients with gastric carcinoma, and determine the potential relationship between MDP-1 and clinical outcome...
June 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677888/laparoscopic-total-gastrectomy-for-advanced-gastric-cancer-in-a-patient-with-situs-inversus-totalis
#20
Kengo Shibata, Hideki Kawamura, Nobuki Ichikawa, Kazuaki Shibuya, Tadashi Yoshida, Yosuke Ohno, Shigenori Homma, Akinobu Taketomi
Situs inversus totalis (SIT) is a rare congenital anomaly. Generally, laparoscopic surgery is difficult to perform in patients with SIT because of both the potential challenges associated with unexpected vascular anomalies and the lack of standardized strategy for handling such cases. This is the first report of laparoscopic total gastrectomy with lymph node dissection for advanced gastric cancer in a patient with SIT. A 79-year-old man with SIT was diagnosed with advanced gastric cancer. We performed laparoscopic total gastrectomy with modified D2 lymph node dissection (D2 without splenectomy) and esophagojejunal anastomosis using an overlap method involving retrocolic Roux-en-Y reconstruction...
July 5, 2017: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
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