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Urethral stricture

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677888/re-natural-history-of-low-stage-urethral-strictures
#1
Allen F Morey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670652/combined-dorsal-and-ventral-onlay-buccal-graft-technique-for-large-and-complex-penile-strictures
#2
Nikolaos Mertziotis, Andreas Konandreas, Christos Kyratsas
Purpose: To present a modified technique of managing extensive penile urethral strictures with dorsal and ventral onlay buccal mucosa grafts. Patients and Methods: From October 2014 to January 2016, a total of 12 patients underwent urethroplasty for penile urethral strictures, using dorsal and ventral onlay grafts from buccal mucosa. The mean age was 42.75 (17-71). All patients completed the IPSS and QoL questionnaire, and uroflowmetry was done preoperatively. After surgery, the follow-up included completion of IPSS and QoL questionnaire and measuring of uroflow at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months...
2018: Advances in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667080/surgical-management-of-fossa-navicularis-and-distal-urethral-strictures
#3
REVIEW
Michael Daneshvar, Michael Hughes, Dmitriy Nikolavsky
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Urethral reconstruction has evolved in the last several decades with the introduction of various techniques including fasciocutaneous skin flaps and buccal mucosal grafts. However, distal urethral strictures have continued to be a reconstructive challenge due to tendency for adverse cosmetic outcomes, risks of glans dehiscence or fistula formation, and stricture recurrence. RECENT FINDINGS: The surgical options for treatment of distal urethral strictures have changed throughout the years; however, there is no one universally accepted technique for their treatment...
April 17, 2018: Current Urology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657204/urinary-tract-infection-in-renal-transplant-recipients-at-a-tertiary-care-center-in-india
#4
Debabrata Mukherjee, Sourabh Sharma, Ranjith K Nair, Bhaskar Datt, Dhawal Arora, Ananth Rao
Our objective was to determine incidence, predisposing factors, and microbiological profile of urinary tract infection (UTI) in renal transplant recipients in our center. This was cross-sectional observational study, conducted at the Department of Nephrology, Army Hospital Research and Referral, Delhi, India. Two hundred and ten renal transplant recipients were studied over one year. Out of 210 transplant recipients, 69 (32.86%) had UTI. Majority (59/69) had undergone live renal transplantation and 10 cases had received cadaveric grafts...
March 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656064/a-prospective-study-of-patient-reported-pain-after-bulbar-urethroplasty
#5
Patrick Evans, Sorena Keihani, Benjamin N Breyer, Bradley A Erickson, James M Hotaling, Sara M Lenherr, Jeremy B Myers
PURPOSE: To understand the prevalence of chronic perineal pain, activity limitations, and patient satisfaction after urethroplasty. METHODS: From 2014-2016, we prospectively enrolled men undergoing urethroplasty for bulbar urethral strictures. Patients, before and after surgery, completed questions from the Core Lower Urinary Tract Symptom Score (CLSS) assessing pain frequency in the bladder and penis/urethra, as well as non-validated questions assessing perineal pain...
April 12, 2018: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644478/reconstruction-of-membranous-urethral-strictures
#6
REVIEW
Javier C Angulo, Reynaldo G Gómez, Dmitriy Nikolavsky
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Due to the proximity of the rhabdosphincter and cavernous nerves to the membranous urethra, reconstruction of membranous urethral stricture implies a risk of urinary incontinence and erectile dysfunction. To avoid these complications, endoscopic management of membranous urethral strictures is traditionally favored, and bulboprostatic anastomosis is reserved as the main classical approach for open reconstruction of recalcitrant membranous urethral stricture. The preference for the anastomotic urethroplasty among reconstructive urologists is likely influenced by the familiarity and experience with trauma-related injuries...
April 11, 2018: Current Urology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644476/reconstructive-management-pearls-for-the-transgender-patient
#7
REVIEW
Geolani W Dy, Jeff Sun, Michael A Granieri, Lee C Zhao
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: A growing number of transgender patients are seeking gender-affirming genital reconstructive surgery (GRS). These complex procedures have high complication rates. We describe common surgical pitfalls in GRS and approaches for minimizing complications. RECENT FINDINGS: Penile inversion vaginoplasty has been associated with excellent cosmetic and functional outcomes. A robotic-assisted dissection may minimize risk of rectal injury. As a younger transgender population chooses pubertal suppression, alternative sources for lining the vaginal canal, such as enteric vaginoplasties, may be more widely utilized...
April 11, 2018: Current Urology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642347/re-outcomes-of-urethroplasty-to-treat-urethral-strictures-arising-from-artificial-urinary-sphincter-erosions-and-rates-of-subsequent-device-replacement
#8
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627339/-results-of-anastomotic-urethroplasty-for-male-urethral-stricture-disease
#9
B Fall, C Zeondo, Y Sow, A Sarr, B Sine, A Thiam, S T Faye, O Sow, A Traoré, B Diao, P A Fall, A K Ndoye, M Ba
OBJECTIVE: To report our experience with anastomotic uretroplasty (AU) due to male urethral stricture disease (USD) and to identify factors affecting the results. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study over a period of 4 years and 6 months (July 2012 to December 2016). Any subsequent use of endoscopic urethrotomy or new urethroplasty was considered a failure. RESULTS: Forty-eight cases were included. The mean age of patients was 53...
April 4, 2018: Progrès en Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551557/surgical-management-of-anatomic-bladder-outlet-obstruction-in-males-with-neurogenic-bladder-dysfunction-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Toscane C Noordhoff, Jan Groen, Jeroen R Scheepe, Bertil F M Blok
CONTEXT: Surgical treatment of anatomic bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) may be indicated in males with neurogenic bladder dysfunction. A bothersome complication after surgery is urinary incontinence. OBJECTIVE: To identify the optimal practice in the surgical treatment of anatomic BOO in males with neurogenic bladder dysfunction, due to multiple sclerosis, Parkinson disease, spinal cord injury (SCI), spina bifida, or cerebrovascular accident (CVA). EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A systematic review was conducted according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses (PRISMA) statement...
March 15, 2018: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29545047/delayed-posterior-urethroplasty-following-pelvic-fracture-urethral-injury-do-we-have-to-wait-three-months
#11
Kyle Scarberry, José Bonomo, Reynaldo G Gómez
OBJECTIVES: To compare outcomes with early versus delayed reconstruction following pelvic fracture urethral injury (PFUI) to determine if a traditional 3-month delay is necessary. This delay has been advocated to allow resolution of traumatic inflammation and hematoma but has never been validated. We proceed to reconstruction at 3-6 weeks if the associated injuries are stable, the perineum is soft on rectal palpation, and the fracture is stable for lithotomy positioning. METHODS: PFUI patients treated with a suprapubic tube and delayed urethroplasty from October 1991 to August 2016 were included...
March 12, 2018: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29545036/an-experimental-model-of-anterior-urethral-stricture-in-rabbits-with-local-injections-of-bleomycin
#12
Xiaoliang Hua, Yujie Xu, Gang Liu, Lin Sun, Hao Zhang, Qiufeng Pan, Di Liu, Bing Li
OBJECTIVE: To develop an experimental model of anterior urethral stricture in rabbits using a bleomycin (BLM) injection technique. METHODS: Thirty adult male New Zealand rabbits were randomly divided into 4 groups. In group 1 (BLM group), BLM was injected into the urethral submucosal tissue every other day through a catheter for 6 weeks at the 3, 6, 9, 12 o'clock positions of the urethra in 12 rabbits. In group 2 (PBS group), phosphate-buffered saline was injected instead of BLM in 6 rabbits...
March 12, 2018: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29541891/perineal-midline-vertical-incision-verses-inverted-u-incision-in-the-urethroplasty-which-is-better
#13
Yifei Lin, Deyi Luo, Banghua Liao, Tongxin Yang, Ye Tian, Tao Jin, Guiming Wang, Hongying Zhou, Hong Li, Kunjie Wang
OBJECTIVE: To compare postoperative outcomes between the perineal inverted-U and the vertical midline incision approaches of the urethroplasty and clarify them via gross anatomy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 461 male patients, from Jan. 2006 to Jun. 2014, who underwent the urethroplasty via perineal midline vertical or inverted-U incision approach were recruited retrospectively. By match pairing for etiology and stricture length, 410 patients from two groups (205 for each group) were selected...
March 14, 2018: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29541588/a-case-of-spontaneous-urinary-bladder-rupture-secondary-to-urinary-retention-due-to-an-urethral-stricture
#14
S Palthe, G A Dijkstra, M G Steffens
A spontaneous, non-traumatic, urinary bladder rupture is a rare condition. We describe a case of a 23-year-old male with a spontaneous bladder rupture secondary to urinary retention, due to an urethral stricture. He presented to the emergency department with voiding difficulties, severe abdominal pain and renal failure. Abdominal ultrasound revealed large amounts of ascites. After an unsuccessful attempt to place a Foley catheter a cystoscopy was performed which showed an urethral stricture. On CT-cystogram an intra-peritoneal bladder rupture was diagnosed and the patient underwent laparoscopic repair of the bladder wall...
March 2018: Urology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29539918/re-the-international-prostate-symptom-score-ipss-is-an-inadequate-tool-to-screen-for-urethral-stricture-recurrence-after-anterior-urethroplasty
#15
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29511589/the-outcomes-of-transurethral-incision-resection-of-the-prostate-tuip-turp-performed-early-after-renal-transplantation
#16
Mehmet Sarıer, İbrahim Duman, Meltem Demir, Yücel Yüksel, Mestan Emek, Erdal Kukul
Objective: In the early period after renal transplantation, urinary retention stemming from bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) may directly affect graft success. The aim of this study was to evaluate the early and long-term outcomes of transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) and transurethral incision of prostate (TUIP) procedures performed in the first month following RT due to BOO. Material and methods: Between February 2009 and March 2016, 38 male patients underwent TURP/TUIP due to BOO within the first 30 days of renal transplantation...
March 2018: Turkish Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29511587/long-term-follow-up-of-proximal-hypospadias-repair-urethral-stricture-should-be-excluded-in-adults-who-present-with-epididymo-orchitis
#17
Kailas P Bhandarkar, Dinesh H Kittur, Santosh V Patil, Sudhakar S Jadhav
Objective: Epididymo-orchitis (EO) is a well-known complication of urinary tract infections (UTI) in children. This is commonly seen in children who had hypospadias repair or in those who had surgery for anorectal malformation especially when it results in urethral stricture. However EO occurring as a complication of urethral stricture in adults operated for hypospadias in childhood is not well documented in the literature. Material and methods: This is a retrospective review of four adults who had proximal hypospadias repair in childhood...
March 2018: Turkish Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29496280/two-decades-of-high-dose-rate-brachytherapy-with-external-beam-radiotherapy-for-prostate-cancer
#18
Lennart Åström, Erik Grusell, Fredrik Sandin, Ingela Turesson, Lars Holmberg
BACKGROUND: High-dose-rate brachytherapy (HDR-BT) has optimal prerequisites in radiotherapy of prostate cancer (PC) with a conformal dose distribution and high doses per fraction giving a biological dose escalation. We report the outcome after HDR-BT and external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) after 20 years of experience. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study includes 623 patients, median age of 66 years, treated from 1995 to 2008 and a median follow up of 11 years (range 2-266 months)...
February 26, 2018: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29484226/efficacy-of-oral-steroids-after-optical-internal-urethrotomy-in-reducing-recurrence-of-urethral-strictures
#19
Sandeep Gupta, Sayak Roy, Dilip Kumar Pal
Objective: Optical internal urethrotomy is a feasible modality of treatment for short segment bulbar urethral strictures. Recurrence is an important problem after urethrotomy. This study aimed at evaluating the efficacy of oral steroid (deflazocort) in reducing the recurrence of strictures after urethrotomy. Up to date, no study has evaluated the role of oral steroids after urethrotomy. Material and methods: In this case-control study, patients undergoing urethrotomy (bulbar urethral strictures <2 cm) were divided into two groups according to patients receiving (Group 1) or not receiving (Group 2) oral steroid (deflazocort 6 mg tablets) after operation...
January 2018: Turkish Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479650/refractory-urethral-stricture-management-indications-for-alternative-grafts-and-flaps
#20
REVIEW
Alison C Levy, Alex J Vanni
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Urethral strictures that are refractory to initial management present unique challenges to the reconstructive surgeon. Treatment trends have shifted as new tissue resources are becoming available. There is renewed interest in old methods as skill and technique have improved. We describe the scope of the surgical armamentarium available to develop creative approaches and successful outcomes. RECENT FINDINGS: We discuss techniques to maximize the availability of oral mucosa, harvest and use of rectal mucosa, and developments in tissue engineering...
February 26, 2018: Current Urology Reports
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