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Urethral stricture

Joceline S Liu, Matthew I Bury, Natalie J Fuller, Renea M Sturm, Nida Ahmad, Arun K Sharma
Substitution urethroplasty for the treatment of male stricture disease is often accompanied by subsequent tissue fibrosis and secondary stricture formation. Patients with pre-existing morbidities are often at increased risk of urethral stricture recurrence brought upon in-part by delayed vascularization accompanied by overactive inflammatory responses following surgery. Within the context of this study, we demonstrate the functional utility of a cell/scaffold composite graft comprised of human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) combined with CD34+ hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (HSPC) to modulate inflammation and wound healing in a rodent model of substitution urethroplasty...
October 20, 2016: Scientific Reports
Takuro Sunada, Satoshi Kamido, Akihiro Hamada, Keiji Kato, Hirotsugu Uetsuki, Hiroaki Kawanishi, Kazuhiro Okumura
A 55-year-old woman was referred to our hospital with dysuria. We were unable to catheterize her using a nelaton catheter because of a urethral stricture, resulting in a large residual urine volume on ultrasonography. The circumference of the periurethral tissue was also thickened and the entire length of the urethra was stenotic, without apparent cause, on magnetic resonance imaging. Biopsy did not reveal malignancy. The pathological diagnosis of the periurethral tissue was simply fibrosis, and there was no definitive diagnosis...
September 2016: Hinyokika Kiyo. Acta Urologica Japonica
Debbie Duncan
This is the fourth and final article in a series on female genital mutilation (FGM). It describes the complications of FGM, with a focus on the urinary ones. FGM refers to all procedures that involve partial or total removal of the external female genitalia and/or damage to other female genital organs for non-medical reasons. The World Health Organization (WHO) has classified FGM into four types (1-4). Women who have type 3 commonly experience long-term complications of their urological tract. The first-line treatment for type 3 FGM involves surgical defibulation, but this is not always successful and women can be left with neurogenic bladder dysfunction and urethral stricture disease...
October 13, 2016: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
Kamala Retnam Mayilvaganan, M Naren Satya Srinivas, Vikram N Reddy, Ranjeet Kumar Singh
BACKGROUND: A 'watering can penis' secondary to penile tuberculosis is an extremely rare clinical entity. Retrograde Urethrography - Voiding Cystourethrography evaluation of the urethra and the urinary bladder plays a very important role in the diagnostics as well as further management of the urethral abnormalities. To the best of our knowledge, this is only the second case in literature where a 'watering can penis' was noted secondary to penile TB. This is also the first documented case of 'watering can penis' as a consequence of venereal transmission of TB...
2016: Polish Journal of Radiology
Wojciech Krajewski, Janusz Dembowski, Anna Kołodziej, Bartosz Małkiewicz, Krzysztof Tupikowski, Michał Matuszewski, Paweł Chudoba, Maria Boratyńska, Marian Klinger, Romuald Zdrojowy
INTRODUCTION: Urological complications after renal transplantation occur in between 2.5% and 30% of all graft recipients. The aim of the study was to present 7 years of experience in urological treatment of patients with a transplanted kidney. We aimed to identify retrospectively late urological complications in renal transplant recipients at a single center and analyze the treatment modalities and their outcome. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Between January 2008 and December 2014, a total of 58 patients after KTX were treated in the Department of Urology because of post-transplant urological complications that occurred during follow-up at the Transplant Outpatient Department...
2016: Central European Journal of Urology
Z Bahouth, G Meyer, G Yildiz, O Nativ, B Moskovitz
Urethral stents were first introduced in 1988, and since then, they have undergone significant improvements. However, they did not gain a wide popularity and their use is limited to a small number of centers around the world. Urethral stents can be used in the entire urethra and for various and diverse indications. In the anterior urethra, it can be used to treat urethral strictures. In the prostatic urethra, they can be used for the treatment of prostatic obstruction, including benign, malignant and iatrogenic prostatic obstruction...
October 2016: Archivos Españoles de Urología
John Heesakkers, Fawzy Farag, Ricarda M Bauer, Jaspreet Sandhu, Dirk De Ridder, Arnulf Stenzl
CONTEXT: The incidence and awareness of postprostatectomy incontinence (PPI) has increased during the past few years, probably because of an increase in prostate cancer surgery. Many theories have been postulated to explain the pathophysiology of PPI. OBJECTIVE: The current review scrutinizes various pathophysiologic mechanisms underlying the occurrence of PPI. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A search was conducted on PubMed and EMBASE for publications on PPI...
October 6, 2016: European Urology
Jordan A Siegel, Allen F Morey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
Alice Faure, Rebecca Cooksey, Aurore Bouty, Alan Woodward, John Hutson, Mike O'Brien, Yves Heloury
BACKGROUND: Effective bladder emptying by clean intermittent catheterization for children with severe bladder dysfunction is critical for renal preservation and social integration. Use of a continent catheterizable conduit (CCC) as urethral alternative procedure provides effective bladder drainage. However, it brings a substantive maintenance. METHODS: Retrospective review of the indications and long-term outcomes of 54 patients with a Mitrofanoff procedure in a single center over a 20-year period (1995-2015)...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
M Spilotros, S Malde, E Solomon, M Grewal, B M Mukhtar, M Pakzad, R Hamid, J L Ockrim, T J Greenwell
PURPOSE: To report the etiology, presenting symptoms and outcomes of the different treatments performed in female patients with recurrent urethral stricture. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-six patients with refractory LUTS were diagnosed with a urethral stricture. The symptoms, the treatment performed and the outcomes were prospectively recorded. Sixteen patients were treated with a urethroplasty using a buccal mucosal graft (BMG) in 14 cases (54 %) and a vaginal flap in 2 (8 %)...
October 4, 2016: World Journal of Urology
Raghu S Ramareddy, Anand Alladi
AIM: To report a series of scrotal abscess, a rare problem, their etiology, and management. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study of children who presented with scrotal abscess between January 2010 and March 2015, analyzed with respect to clinical features, pathophysiology of spread and management. RESULTS: Eight infants and a 3-year-old phenotypically male child presented with scrotal abscess as a result of abdominal pathologies which included mixed gonadal dysgenesis (MGD) [1]; three anorectal malformations with ectopic ureter [1], urethral stricture [1], and neurogenic bladder [1]; meconium peritonitis with meconium periorchitis [2], ileal atresia [1], and intra-abdominal abscess [1]; posturethroplasty for Y urethral duplication with metal stenosis [1] and idiopathic pyocele [1]...
October 2016: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
Nathan Y Hoy, Keith F Rourke
OBJECTIVES: To describe the spectrum of adult presentations with hypospadias-related complications and examine the effect of childhood surgical repair on these adult presentations. METHODS: A retrospective chart review over a 10-year period, from Aug. 2004-Dec. 2014, demonstrated 93 adult patients who presented to a reconstructive urologist with complications related to hypospadias. Patients were divided into two groups: those with no prior hypospadias surgery (Group 1, N=19) and those who underwent surgical correction as a child (Group 2, N=74)...
September 27, 2016: Urology
Jesús Romero-Maroto, Lidia Verdú-Verdú, Luis Gómez-Pérez, Carla Pérez-Tomás, Juan-José Pacheco-Bru, Ana López-López
BACKGROUND: Female urethral stricture is a rare condition. Different types of urethroplasty have been described. However, high quality studies are sparse. The most common technique used-the Blandy's technique-has resulted in our cases in a retrusive meatus and an inward urinary stream. OBJECTIVE: To show the efficacy and safety of an alternative vaginal wall flap urethroplasty. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: A cross-sectional observational study was undertaken in a single University Hospital...
September 27, 2016: European Urology
D G Jiang, Q X Huang, J Pang, M H Lu, X Gao
Objectives: To present the surgical technique of transvesical single-site laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (TVSSLRP) and to evaluate its clinical efficacy. Methods: The clinical parameters of 39 patients who underwent transvesical single-site laparoscopic radical prostatectomy in Department of Urology, Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University from November 2010 to June 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. The age was (M(QR)) 64 (10) years (range 47 to 70 years). The median preoperative serum total prostate specific antigen (PSA) level was 7...
October 1, 2016: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
C Füllhase
Symptoms related to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) are the most common reason why patients consult a urologist. Despite the rise of new minimally invasive technologies, transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) remains the most commonly used procedure (at 84 %) to treat BPH patients in Germany. The continued popularity of this procedure can be explained by three main reasons: a robust, simple technique, an until now unsurpassed efficacy and-with regard to the risk-benefit ratio-a low morbidity...
September 28, 2016: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
Michael A Granieri, Hsin-Hsiao S Wang, Jonathan C Routh, Andrew Peterson
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the nationwide practice patterns of the management of acute urinary retention (AUR) secondary to urethral stricture (US) in an emergency department (ED) setting. METHODS: We used the 2006-2010 Nationwide Emergency Department Sample (NEDS) to identify men with US who received treatment for AUR. We excluded patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia, vesicourethral anastomotic stenosis, neurogenic bladder and bladder cancer. Primary outcome was urethral dilation or suprapubic tube (SPT) placement as initial AUR management...
September 19, 2016: Urology
Wei Le, Weidong Zhou, Chao Li, Denglong Wu, Jinfu Zhang, Cuidong Bian
The aim of this study was to explore the clinical effect of endoscopic minimal invasive surgery on posterior urethral stricture with false passage. Twenty-one patients suffering from posterior urethral stricture with false passage were involved in the study. All the patients received pre-operative urethrography and flexible cystoscopy to make sure that the distance between the blind end of the proximal normal urethra and the distal urethra was <1 cm. Ten patients received open operation and eleven patients underwent endoscopic minimally-invasive surgery...
2016: SpringerPlus
Lindsay A Hampson, Isabel E Allen, Thomas W Gaither, Tracy Lin, Jie Ting, E Charles Osterberg, Leslie Wilson, Benjamin N Breyer
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the use of a choice-based conjoint analysis (CA) exercise decreased patients' decisional conflict about treatment preferences for surgical management of urethral stricture disease. Understanding patient preferences for treatment decisions assists in shared decision-making and emphasizes patient-centered outcomes. CA offers a method to understand what risks patients are willing to take for what gains. METHODS: The CA methodology was used by providing participants with case-based choices to elucidate the relative importance that individuals place on various treatment aspects...
September 16, 2016: Urology
Cuneyd Sevinc, Muhsin Balaban, Orkunt Ozkaptan, Necmettin Kutlu, Tahir Karadeniz
The aim of this study was to describe a technique using full-thickness skin grafts (FTSGs) from different parts of the body for salvage urethroplasties and the present outcomes. A total of 24 men underwent urethroplasties for strictures averaging 7.7 cm (range, 5-17 cm) in length, using FTSGs from the inner arm, inner thigh, or abdominal skin. Each of these cases had at least one failed urethroplasty. Twenty-four patients underwent surgery for 26 urethral strictures, with a mean follow-up period of 23.2 (5-44) months and a mean operation time of 140 (115-180) minutes...
September 2016: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
Erika E Doxtader, Tarik M Elsheikh
BACKGROUND: Trichomonas vaginalis is a rare finding in urine cytology specimens, especially those from men; only 2 case reports have been described in the literature. The authors of the current report sought to determine the incidence and clinical significance of this finding in urine cytology in males. METHODS: The authors' cytopathology archives were queried for urine cytology specimens that contained Trichomonas over a 30-year period. Clinical information from men with Trichomonas-positive urines was reviewed retrospectively...
September 16, 2016: Cancer Cytopathology
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