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Male incontinence

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629351/assessing-health-related-quality-of-life-in-urology-a-survey-of-4500-german-urologists
#1
A Schmick, M Juergensen, V Rohde, A Katalinic, A Waldmann
BACKGROUND: Urological diseases and their treatment may negatively influence continence, potency, and health-related quality of life (HRQOL). Although current guidelines recommend HRQOL assessment in clinical urology, specific guidance on how to assess HRQOL is frequently absent. We evaluated whether and how urologists assess HRQOL and how they determine its practicality. METHODS: A random sample of 4500 (from 5200 identified German urologists) was drawn and invited to participate in a postal survey (an initial letter followed by one reminder after six weeks)...
June 19, 2017: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627397/long-term-efficacy-of-young-dees-bladder-neck-reconstruction-role-of-the-associated-bladder-neck-injection-for-the-treatment-of-children-with-urinary-incontinence
#2
A Faure, G Hery, E Mille, P Orillac, B Da Silva, T Merrot, M Haddad, J M Guys
OBJECTIVE: To compare the long-term efficacy of Young-Dees bladder neck reconstruction (YDBNR) alone versus YDBNR plus BNI in patients with urinary incontinence caused by urethral sphincter insufficiency. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between 1987 and 2006, we assessed the continence rates obtained with YDBNR and BNI as a supplementary treatment for persistent outlet insufficiency in patients with neurogenic bladder (group-1, n = 35) and bladder exstrophy (group-2, n = 20)...
June 13, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616722/duhamel-operation-for-children-with-distal-colonic-dysmotility
#3
Yew-Wei Tan, Osvaldo Borrelli, Keith Lindley, Nikhil Thapar, Joe Curry
PURPOSE: To report outcomes of children with constipation refractory to medical management and manometrically proven distal colonic dysmotility, managed with rectosigmoidectomy followed by Duhamel operation (Duhamel). METHODS: Children who underwent a Duhamel from 2009 onwards for intractable constipation and left colonic dysmotility were retrospectively reviewed. The primary end point was resolution of constipation, and secondary end point was postoperative complications...
June 14, 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601324/predictive-factors-for-recurrence-of-high-transsphincteric-anal-fistula-after-placement-of-seton
#4
Sameh Hany Emile, Hossam Elfeki, Waleed Thabet, Ahmed Sakr, Alaa Magdy, Tito M Abd El-Hamed, Waleed Omar, Wael Khafagy
BACKGROUND: The optimal surgical treatment for high transsphincteric fistula-in-ano (FIA) should attain complete eradication of the fistulous track and, in the same time, not compromising the anal sphincters. The present study aimed to investigate the predictive factors for recurrence of high transsphincteric FIA after placement of draining seton and to evaluate the efficacy and complications of seton treatment for high cryptoglandular anal fistula. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective case-control study of patients with high transsphincteric FIA who were treated with seton placement...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592135/low-pressure-low-flow-voiding-dysfunction-in-an-elderly-male-treated-through-ayurveda-a-case-report
#5
Sanjeev Rastogi
INTRODUCTION: Neurogenic bladder is a common urological condition among elderly. It results in incontinence or retention of the urine depending on the synergy of bladder smooth muscles and urethral sphincter. There can also be a condition where retention causes overflow incontinence. Retention of urine in this condition is caused by relative lack of contractility of bladder smooth muscles in response to the stretch reflex. As a result, there is no urge and therefore the bladder remains over-distended causing retention of urine...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591209/sexual-function-and-postpartum-depression-6-months-after-attempted-operative-vaginal-delivery-according-to-fetal-head-station-a-prospective-population-based-cohort-study
#6
Guillaume Ducarme, Jean-François Hamel, Stéphanie Brun, Hugo Madar, Benjamin Merlot, Loïc Sentilhes
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of the fetal head station at attempted operative vaginal delivery (aOVD), and specifically midpelvic or low aOVD, on female and male sexual function and symptoms of postpartum depression (PPD) at 6 months. DESIGN: Prospective population-based cohort study. SETTING: 1,941 women with singleton term fetuses in vertex presentation with midpelvic or low aOVD between 2008 and 2013 in a tertiary care university hospital...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588652/efficacy-and-safety-of-daily-mirabegron-50-mg-in-male-patients-with-overactive-bladder-a-critical-analysis-of-five-phase-iii-studies
#7
Andrea Tubaro, José E Batista, Victor W Nitti, Sender Herschorn, Christopher R Chapple, Mary Beth Blauwet, Emad Siddiqui, Moses Huang, Matthias Oelke
BACKGROUND: Oral pharmacotherapies to treat overactive bladder (OAB) are used less in men despite a similar prevalence of storage symptoms as women. The efficacy and safety of once-daily mirabegron 50 mg was evaluated in male OAB patients from five phase III studies that included placebo or antimuscarinic (tolterodine ER 4 mg or solifenacin 5 mg) as a comparator. METHODS: Three pooled 12-week placebo-controlled studies (mirabegron 50 mg versus placebo) and one 12-week non-inferiority phase IIIb study (BEYOND; mirabegron 50 mg versus solifenacin 5 mg) were used for efficacy (daily micturition frequency, urgency and incontinence episodes) and safety analyses...
December 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585787/-home-training-as-a-treatment-of-faecal-incontinence-and-sphincter-dyssynergia
#8
G V Vivas Colmenares, M J Moya Jiménez, S Roldán Pérez, R Granero Cendón, J Vinuesa Salgueiro, M López Alonso
OBJECTIVE: The defecation disorders represents the 3% of consultations in pediatrics patients. Our goal was to demonstrate the effectiveness and efficiency of the reeducation of the defecation maneuver through home training in patients with encopresis and sphincter dyssynergia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Study of patients with fecal incontinence treated with home training at our center between 2014-2015. Anorectal manometry was performed and was valued defecation maneuver by expulsion of rectal probe with or without the ball...
January 25, 2017: Cirugía Pediátrica: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576422/a-bicentric-comparative-and-prospective-study-between-classic-photovaporization-and-anatomical-greenlight-laser-vaporization-for-large-volume-prostatic-adenomas
#9
G Hibon, G Léonard, A Franceschi, V Misrai, F Bruyère
OBJECTIVE: Long-term outcome after prostate photovaporization (PVP) remains largely unknown, especially when performed on enlarged prostates. However, new vaporisation techniques (e.g., laser enucleation) are increasingly used. Our aim was to compare postoperative results after standard PVP to those of an anatomical technique. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This bicentric prospective study included males treated for enlarged prostate caused by benign prostatic hyperplasia using a GreenLight laser...
June 2017: Progrès en Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574143/multicentre-experience-with-zsi-375-artificial-urinary-sphincter-for-the-treatment-of-stress-urinary-incontinence-in-men
#10
Ireneusz Ostrowski, Mariusz Blewniewski, Frank Neugart, Burkhard von Heyden, Oscar Selvaggio, Francesco Iori, Steeve Foley, Manuel Fernández Arjona, Alejandro Carvajal Obando, Tobias Pottek
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of the artificial urinary sphincter ZSI 375 device in male patients with stress urinary incontinence (SUI) at 10 centres. METHODS: This was a retrospective, nonrandomised, multicentre study. From January 2012 to December 2014, and follow-up to February 2016, men with SUI were treated with the ZSI 375 device. The primary outcome was continence. The secondary outcome was complications rate. RESULTS: A total of 147 patients with moderate-to-severe stress incontinence and mean age of 70...
May 29, 2017: Urologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559775/post-prostatectomy-vesicourethral-stenosis-or-bladder-neck-contracture-with-concomitant-urinary-incontinence-our-experience-and-recommendations
#11
Shieh L Bang, Sachin Yallappa, Fatima Dalal, Yahia Z Almallah
OBJECTIVES: To present our experience in the management of bladder neck contracture with concomitant post prostatectomy incontinence and to provide our recommendations based on the updated literature. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between Jan 2010 and June 2015, 37 patients from our cohort of 341 patients with post prostatectomy incontinence were evaluated. Patient data were retrospectively collected. Patients with bladder neck contracture confirmed on flexible cystoscopy underwent subsequent rigid cystoscopy and deep endoscopic bladder neck incision (BNI)...
April 2017: Current Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546867/tethered-cord-syndrome-with-spina-bifida-aperta-in-cats-two-case-reports-of-different-types
#12
Masahiro Tamura, Takashi Oji, Satoshi Une, Makiko Mukaino, Tatsuro Bekki, Masaki Tado, Hiromi Koyama, Yumiko Kagawa, Mutsumi Kawata
CASE SUMMARY: Two castrated male cats, aged 8 months old (case 1) and 10 months old (case 2), showed a history of progressive paraparesis, an over-reaching pelvic limb gait, urinary incontinence and a palpable dermoid fistula. In case 1, the fistula was connected to the dural sac on the conus medullaris, and the tethered spinal cord was retracted caudally. In case 2, the tubular structure was connected to the dural sac on the thoracic spinal cord, and the tethered spinal cord was retracted dorsally...
January 2017: JFMS open reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533868/-rare-medico-surgical-emergency-spinal-epidural-abscess-about-3-cases
#13
Abderrazzak El Saqui, Mohamed Aggouri, Mohamed Benzagmout, Khalid Chakour, Mohamed El Faiz Chaoui
The awareness about infections in the epidural space is increasing thanks to the development of neurosurgery, including MRI. Spinal epidural abscess is a rare pathology but extremely serious from a functional point of view and potentially life threatening. We report three cases of male patients (the first one aged 52 years, the second 57 years and the third 63 years) with diagnosed spinal epidural abscess. Two patients were admitted to the Neurosurgical Emergencies with slow progressive spinal cord compression evolving in the context of infection...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527720/overactive-bladder-oab-a-symptom-in-search-of-a-disease-its-relationship-to-specific-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-and-conditions
#14
Jason P Van Batavia, Andrew J Combs, Angela M Fast, Kenneth I Glassberg
BACKGROUND: The ICCS defines OAB by the subjective symptom of urgency; detrusor overactivity (DO) is only implied. While no other symptom is required, OAB can also be associated with urinary frequency, decreased functional bladder capacity, and incontinence. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine how often these associated findings occur in OAB and what if any uroflow/EMG-defined conditions are found to be associated with it. METHODS: The charts of 548 children (231M, 318F; mean age 9...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525665/urinary-artificial-sphincter-zsi-375-for-treatment-of-stress-urinary-incontinence-in-men-5-and-7-years-follow-up-report
#15
Christophe Llorens, Tobias Pottek
STUDY DESIGN: This is a retrospective, non-randomised study. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate safety and efficacy of artificial urinary sphincter ZSI 375 inserted in male patients with stress urinary incontinence (SUI). METHODS: Between May 2009 and January 2017, 45 men with SUI underwent ZSI 375 device insertion. Operations were performed in two French centres by one surgeon. Complications and pad used to manage continence were recorded...
May 18, 2017: Urologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525663/management-of-male-and-female-neurogenic-stress-urinary-incontinence-in-spinal-cord-injured-sci-patients-using-adjustable-continence-therapy
#16
Enrico Ammirati, Alberto Manassero, Alessandro Giammò, Roberto Carone
INTRODUCTION: Artificial urinary sphincter (AUS) is an option for the treatment of neurogenic stress urinary incontinence (nSUI), but complications and re-operation rates are high, and there is no clear indication from guidelines (1). The aim of our study is to evaluate the effectiveness of a less invasive continence device in neurogenic population: Adjustable Continence Therapy ProACT/ACT®. METHODS: We retrospectively includedpatients with spinal cord injuries in this study, complaining of nSUI and treated at our Institution with Pro-ACT/ACT® implantation...
May 16, 2017: Urologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494270/vaginal-wind-a-literature-review
#17
REVIEW
Hedwig Neels, Xavier Mortiers, Sybrich de Graaf, Wiebren A A Tjalma, Stefan De Wachter, Alexandra Vermandel
OBJECTIVE: In the medical literature, there is little known about vaginal wind, though from clinical expertise, it turns out to be a consistent and underreported problem. The aim of this review was to collect the available literature about the different aspects of vaginal wind. STUDY DESIGN: A systematic literature search was conducted using three databases until December 2015. The search strategy was built using relevant synonyms of vaginal wind. Study characteristics were extracted...
April 19, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476682/adjustable-perineal-male-sling-for-the-treatment-of-urinary-incontinence-long-term-results
#18
Mesut Altan, Tariq Asi, Cenk Yucel Bilen, Ali Ergen
OBJECTIVE: To present the long-term results in patients with urinary incontinence who were treated with adjustable perineal male sling. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An adjustable male sling procedure was performed in 45 patients with a mean age of 67.6 ± 7.8 years who had urinary incontinence. The mean period between primary prostatic surgery and the sling procedure was 36.7 months. The difference between the classical sling and the adjustable one is a 10 cm tissue expander between the 2 layers of polypropylene mesh with an injection port...
May 2, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467435/surgical-treatment-for-urinary-incontinence-after-prostatectomy-a-meta-analysis-and-systematic-review
#19
Yu-Chi Chen, Pin-Hsuan Lin, Yann-Yuh Jou, Victor Chia-Hsiang Lin
BACKGROUND: This meta-analysis was designed to assess the efficacy of the male sling and artificial urinary sphincter on treating post-prostatectomy incontinence by evaluating daily pad use, cure rate, frequency of improvement in incontinence, and quality of life. METHODS: Medline, Cochrane, Google Scholar, and ClinicalTrials.gov were searched (until March 31, 2014) for studies that investigated the effectiveness of artificial urinary sphincter or sling surgical treatments for prostate cancer...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464331/does-deep-brain-stimulation-improve-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-in-parkinson-s-disease
#20
Lambertus P Witte, Vincent J J Odekerken, Judith A Boel, P Richard Schuurman, Lara C Gerbrandy-Schreuders, Rob M A de Bie
AIMS: To investigate whether deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the globus pallidus pars interna (GPi) or the subthalamic nucleus (STN) improve lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in advanced Parkinson's disease (PD). METHODS: An exploratory post-hoc analysis was performed of specific LUTS items of questionnaires used in a randomized clinical trial with 128 patients (NSTAPS study). First, we compared scores on LUTS items at baseline and 12 months for the GPi DBS and STN DBS group separately...
May 2, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
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