keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Diagnosis unavailable

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630867/potential-challenges-of-controlling-leishmaniasis-in-sri-lanka-at-a-disease-outbreak
#1
REVIEW
Tharaka Wijerathna, Nayana Gunathilaka, Kithsiri Gunawardana, Wasana Rodrigo
The present works reviewed the existing information on leishmaniasis in Sri Lanka and in other countries, focusing on challenges of controlling leishmaniasis in the country, in an outbreak. Evidence from recent studies suggests that there is a possibility of a leishmaniasis outbreak in Sri Lanka in the near future. Difficulty of early diagnosis due to lack of awareness and unavailability or inadequacy of sensitive tests are two of the main challenges for effective case management. Furthermore, the absence of a proper drug for treatment and lack of knowledge about vector biology, distribution, taxonomy and bionomics, and reservoir hosts make the problem serious...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625021/antibiotic-prophylaxis-for-elective-hysterectomy
#2
REVIEW
Reuben Olugbenga Ayeleke, Selma Mourad, Jane Marjoribanks, Karim A Calis, Vanessa Jordan
BACKGROUND: Elective hysterectomy is commonly performed for benign gynaecological conditions. Hysterectomy can be performed abdominally, laparoscopically, or vaginally, with or without laparoscopic assistance. Antibiotic prophylaxis consists of administration of antibiotics to reduce the rate of postoperative infection, which otherwise affects 40%-50% of women after vaginal hysterectomy, and more than 20% after abdominal hysterectomy. No Cochrane review has systematically assessed evidence on this topic...
June 18, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622765/unusual-primary-breast-cancer-malignant-peripheral-nerve-sheath-tumor-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#3
Md Shuayb, Rabeya Begum
BACKGROUND: Sarcomas are a rare type of breast malignancies and malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors of the breast are even rarer. There are no specific clinical and radiological features for the diagnosis of this tumor and histological features are also reported to be nonspecific. Therefore, immunohistochemistry is required for its diagnosis. A definitive treatment protocol is unavailable because of its rarity. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of a sporadic form of breast malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor found in a 16-year-old Asian Bangladeshi girl...
June 17, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619436/tumefactive-demyelinating-lesions-a-comprehensive-review
#4
REVIEW
Hussein Algahtani, Bader Shirah, Ali Alassiri
Tumefactive multiple sclerosis or tumefactive demyelinating lesion (TDL) is one of the rare variants of multiple sclerosis (MS) posing a diagnostic challenge and a therapeutic enigma since it is difficult to distinguish from a true central nervous system (CNS) neoplasm or other CNS lesions on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The prevalence of TDL is estimated to be 1-3/1000 cases of MS with an annual incidence of 0.3/100,000. This could be an underestimate due to unavailability of a global MS registry and under-reporting of this condition...
May 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612195/human-epidermal-growth-factor-receptor-2-in-sri-lankan-gastric-carcinoma-patients-with-clinicopathological-association-and-survival
#5
Duminda Subasinghe, Sivasuriya Sivaganesh, Ananthi Samarsekera, Mariyan Priyanthi Kumarasinghe, Dharmabandhu Nandadeva Samarasekera, Menaka Dilani Samarwickrema Lokuhetty
BACKGROUND: HER2 protein expression indicates adverse prognosis in gastric adenocarcinoma (GCa). GCa HER2 positivity ranges from 10 to 22.8%. Similar data are scarce in South Asia and unavailable in Sri Lanka. AIM: To evaluate HER2 protein expression, its clinicopathological relationship and survival in a Sri Lankan GCa cohort. METHODS: One hundred consecutive GCa patients were recruited prospectively for 2 years. Histological diagnosis was confirmed on endoscopic biopsies/gastrectomy specimens...
June 13, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610670/lung-ultrasound-as-a-diagnostic-tool-for-radiographically-confirmed-pneumonia-in-low-resource-settings
#6
Laura E Ellington, Robert H Gilman, Miguel A Chavez, Farhan Pervaiz, Julio Marin-Concha, Patricia Compen-Chang, Stefan Riedel, Shalim J Rodriguez, Charlotte Gaydos, Justin Hardick, James M Tielsch, Mark Steinhoff, Jane Benson, Evelyn A May, Dante Figueroa-Quintanilla, William Checkley
BACKGROUND: Pneumonia is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in children worldwide; however, its diagnosis can be challenging, especially in settings where skilled clinicians or standard imaging are unavailable. We sought to determine the diagnostic accuracy of lung ultrasound when compared to radiographically-confirmed clinical pediatric pneumonia. METHODS: Between January 2012 and September 2013, we consecutively enrolled children aged 2-59 months with primary respiratory complaints at the outpatient clinics, emergency department, and inpatient wards of the Instituto Nacional de Salud del Niño in Lima, Peru...
July 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609163/imaging-appearance-and-clinical-impact-of-preoperative-breast-mri-in-pregnancy-associated-breast-cancer
#7
Kelly S Myers, Lauren A Green, Lizza Lebron, Elizabeth A Morris
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to describe the imaging features of pregnancy-associated breast cancer (PABC) on breast MRI and to consider the impact of preoperative MRI on patient management. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of medical records from January 1994 to May 2014 identified 183 women who presented with a new diagnosis of breast cancer during pregnancy or within 1 year postpartum. MR images were available for 53 of these patients, all of whom were included in the study...
June 13, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606025/esophageal-foreign-bodies-in-adults-with-different-durations-of-time-from-ingestion-to-effective-treatment
#8
Xiaowen Zhang, Yan Jiang, Tao Fu, Xiaoheng Zhang, Na Li, Chunmei Tu
Objective This study was performed to identify the differences in clinical characteristics, operative methods, complications, and postoperative hospitalization stays for adults with esophageal foreign bodies with different durations of time from ingestion to effective treatment. Methods We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 221 patients with a diagnosis of a foreign body in the esophagus, confirmed by rigid esophagoscopy, flexible esophagoscopy, or surgery. The differences between the two groups (Group A, ≤24 hours from ingestion to effective treatment; Group B, >24 hours from ingestion to effective treatment) were analyzed...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590437/the-value-of-in-vitro-tests-to-diminishdrug-challenges
#9
REVIEW
Cristobalina Mayorga, Inmaculada Doña, Ezequiel Perez-Inestrosa, Tahia D Fernández, Maria J Torres
Drug hypersensitivity reactions have multiple implications for patient safety and health system costs, thus it is important to perform an accurate diagnosis. The diagnostic procedure includes a detailed clinical history, often unreliable; followed by skin tests, sometimes with low sensitivity or unavailable; and drug provocation testing, which is not risk-free for the patient, especially in severe reactions. In vitro tests could help to identify correctly the responsible agent, thus improving the diagnosis of these reactions, helping the physician to find safe alternatives, and reducing the need to perform drug provocation testing...
June 7, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584181/facility-based-surveillance-for-emerging-infectious-diseases-diagnostic-practices-in-rural-west-african-hospital-settings-observations-from-ghana
#10
Freya L Jephcott, James L N Wood, Andrew A Cunningham
The aim of this study was to better understand the effectiveness of Integrated Disease Surveillance and Response (IDSR) facility-based surveillance in detecting newly emerging infectious diseases (EIDs) in rural West African settings. A six-month ethnographic study was undertaken in 2012 in the Techiman Municipality of the Brong-Ahafo Region of Ghana, aimed at documenting the trajectories of febrile illness cases of unknown origin occurring within four rural communities. Particular attention was paid to where these trajectories involved the use of formal healthcare facilities and the diagnostic practices that occurred there...
July 19, 2017: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583456/outcomes-following-exploratory-burr-holes-for-traumatic-brain-injury-in-a-resource-poor-setting
#11
Jessica Eaton, Asma Bilal Hanif, Gift Mulima, Chifundo Kajombo, Anthony Charles
BACKGROUND: TBI is a leading cause of death and disability worldwide. The incidence of TBI in LMICs is disproportionately high, with an associated increased risk of mortality from TBI relative to high-income countries. While CT is the diagnostic method of choice, this is often unavailable in LMICs. Exploratory burr holes may provide a suitable choice for diagnosis and treatment of TBI. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of prospectively collected data at KCH, a tertiary care center in Lilongwe, Malawi...
June 2, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581535/differential-criteria-for-binge-eating-disorder-and-food-addiction-in-the-context-of-causes-and-treatment-of-obesity
#12
REVIEW
Monika Bąk-Sosnowska
OBJECTIVES: To establish the differential criteria for Binge Eating Disorder (BED) and Food Addiction (FA). METHODS: We performed a detailed analysis of comparative diagnostic criteria for BED and Substance use disorder contained in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders DSM-V. We applied the diagnostic criteria for both disorders to scientific publications on the issue of excessive eating in obese people, during the years 2005-2016, available on PubMed...
April 30, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571839/-perception-of-glaucoma-and-therapeutic-adherence-a-multicenter-observational-study
#13
A Chiche, G Martin, E Brasnu de Cenival, A Rousseau, A Giocanti, A Fel, S Kallel, M Lombardi, P Hamard, C Baudouin, A Labbe
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to evaluate medication adherence of glaucoma patients through the "Glaucoma treatment compliance assessment tool (GTCAT)" questionnaire and to correlate the results with clinical parameters. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This multicenter prospective observational study was performed in the Département hospitalo-universitaire (DHU) Sight Restore, Paris, France. All patients had been followed for chronic open angle glaucoma (COAG) for at least 3 years...
May 29, 2017: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571205/postoperative-malignant-hyperthermia-a-medical-emergency-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#14
Amit Kumar Sinha, Poonam Kumari, Maheshkumar Manilal Vaghela, Chandni Sinha, Bindey Kumar
Malignant hyperthermia is a rare life threatening pharmacological disorder. Preoperative clinical diagnosis is not possible. Due to its rarity and severity, it must be taken as an important differential diagnosis for postoperative hyperthermia. We hereby report a case of postoperative malignant hyperthermia in a four-year-old female child, who was operated for type 1 choledochal cyst and had difficult postoperative sequel. We lost that child due to unavailability of Dantrolene sodium in emergency drug cart.
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566667/dermatophyte-antigen-kit
#15
Yuichiro Tsunemi
The dermatophyte antigen kit uses monoclonal antibodies that react with polysaccharides present in the dermatophyte cell wall to detect dermatophyte antigens in specimens based on the principle of immunochromatography. Clinical studies showed that the kit was very useful in the diagnosis of tinea unguium but not tinea pedis. The kit was therefore further developed as an in vitro diagnostic tool for tinea unguium and was approved by the Pharmaceuticals and Medical Devices Agency of Japan. The kit's extraction solution can extract antigens from nail specimens quickly and efficiently...
2017: Medical Mycology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549644/maximizing-interhospital-transfer-resources-for-neurosurgical-patients
#16
Zane Schnurman, Robert Chin, Edward R Fishkin, Paul P Huang
BACKGROUND: Delays in patient transfers are associated with worse outcomes for some neurosurgical conditions. One of the primary causes of transfer delay is lack of neurosurgery ICU bed availability. In this study, we characterize the results of implementing an interhospital transfer protocol to reduce unnecessary transfers and improve bed availability. METHODS: A transfer protocol was implemented in July 2012 at the Bellevue Hospital Department of Neurosurgery that screened for and prevented transfer of low-risk patients that were unlikely to require specialized inpatient neurosurgical care...
May 23, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548299/a-noninvasive-diagnosis-of-hepatic-fibrosis-by-biofibroscore%C3%A2-in-chronic-hepatitis-c-patients
#17
Chen-Hua Liu, Chun-Jen Liu, Chun-Ming Hong, Tung-Hung Su, Hung-Chih Yang, Kuei-Ming Chen, Yi-Ping Huang, Yu-Ming Yeh, Hui-Lan Tien, Yuan-Chih Liu, Jia-Horng Kao, Ding-Shinn Chen, Pei-Jer Chen
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The diagnostic accuracy of a novel serological panel (BioFibroScore®) to predict hepatic fibrosis in patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is unknown. METHODS: Three markers of BioFibroScore®, including urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA), matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9), and beta-2 microglobulin (β2M), were retrospectively evaluated in 635 HCV-infected patients who received percutaneous liver biopsy and FibroScan®. The formula of BioFibroScore® to predict the severity of hepatic fibrosis was developed by Adaboost algorithm...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522785/infeasibility-of-endoscopic-transmural-drainage-due-to-pancreatic-pseudocyst-wall-calcifications-case-report
#18
Andrzej Krajewski, Gustaw Lech, Marcin Makiewicz, Andrzej Kluciński, Monika Wojtasik, Sławomir Kozieł, Maciej Słodkowski
Postinflammatory pancreatic pseudocysts are one of the most common complications of acute pancreatitis. In most cases, pseudocysts self-absorb in the course of treatment of pancreatitis. In some patients, pancreatic pseudocysts are symptomatic and cause pain, problems with gastrointestinal transit, and other complications. In such cases, drainage or resection should be performed. Among the invasive methods, mini invasive procedures like endoscopic transmural drainage through the wall of the stomach or duodenum play an important role...
February 28, 2017: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501826/urothelial-papilloma-a-rare-cause-of-gross-haematuria-in-childhood
#19
Andreia Ribeiro, Maria Pereira, Armando Reis, Graça Ferreira
Bladder urothelial papilloma is extremely rare in the paediatric population. It usually presents as painless gross haematuria and its diagnosis implies a high index of suspicion as other causes of haematuria predominate in this age range. We describe a 9-year-old boy with two episodes of gross haematuria occurring 1 year apart with spontaneous resolution after 2 days. Bladder ultrasound revealed an endovesical papillary lesion of 24×24 mm suggestive of bladder tumour. The diagnosis was confirmed by histopathological examination of the specimen obtained by cystoscopy with transurethral resection...
May 13, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490478/mixed-cryoglobulinemia-a-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-challenge
#20
Maria Túlio, Liliana Carvalho, Tiago Bana E Costa, Cristina Chagas
Mixed cryoglobulinemia is frequently secondary to hepatitis C virus infection. Diagnosis and therapeutic management are challenging, depending on the spectrum and severity of manifestations, as well as on the presence of comorbidities. We describe a case of a 79-year-old woman with a non-cirrhotic hepatitis C virus infection presenting with weakness, arthralgias, purpuric rash with left leg ulcerative lesions, bilateral peripheral sensorimotor polyneuropathy, renal impairment and cardiac failure. The investigation was compatible with a severe type II mixed cryoglobulinemia with multisystemic involvement, including a low-grade B cell lymphoma and concomitant intestinal tuberculosis...
May 10, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
keyword
keyword
87647
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"