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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733300/exploring-the-relationship-between-frequent-internet-use-and-health-and-social-care-resource-use-in-a-community-based-cohort-of-older-adults-an-observational-study-in-primary-care
#1
Caroline S Clarke, Jeff Round, Stephen Morris, Kalpa Kharicha, John Ford, Jill Manthorpe, Steve Iliffe, Claire Goodman, Kate Walters
OBJECTIVES: Given many countries' ageing populations, policymakers must consider how to mitigate or reduce health problems associated with old age, within budgetary constraints. Evidence of use of digital technology in delaying the onset of illness and reducing healthcare service use is mixed, with no clear consensus as yet. Our aim was to investigate the relationship between frequent internet use and patterns of health or social care resource use in primary care attendees who took part in a study seeking to improve the health of older adults...
July 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728812/longitudinal-association-between-obesity-and-dental-caries-in-adolescents
#2
Ling-Wei Li, Hai Ming Wong, Colman P McGrath
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the longitudinal association between obesity and dental caries among adolescents. STUDY DESIGN: The present cohort study was conducted among a random sample of 12-year-old adolescents in Hong Kong. Two rounds of follow-up were performed when the participants were aged 15 and 18 years. A total of 668 participants were included at age 12 years, and 282 of them completed all 3 phases of data collection. Body mass index, waist circumference, waist-to-hip (WHR) ratio, waist-to-height ratio, and triceps skinfold thickness were measured as indices of obesity...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728243/-the-treatment-effect-of-eustachian-tube-atresia-with-laser-and-connical-plastic-tube-after-radiotherapy-for-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma
#3
H G Gao, J Tong, W W Chen
Objective: To investigate the method in treatment of Eustschian tube atresia caused by radiotherapy. Methods: Two cases diagnosed of Eustschian tube atresia following radiotherapy were retrospectively analyzed in Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Divided Hospital of Shanghai University Communication Affiliated First People Hospital in Apr. 2014 and Oct. 2015. Both cases were female, 65 and 64 years old, and accepted radiotherapy six and 20 years ago respectively. The pharyngeal orifices of Eustschian tube were found to be totally closed under endoscope...
July 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727233/optimal-pessary-care-a-modified-delphi-consensus-study
#4
Gwendolyn L Hooper, Shanna Atnip, Katharine O'Dell
INTRODUCTION: Support pessaries are an important, low-risk treatment option for women with vaginal prolapse but evidence to inform optimal practice is lacking. Currently, gynecologists, urologists, and urogynecologists recommend silicone vaginal support pessaries as first-line treatment for symptomatic vaginal prolapse in women of all ages. It is unknown how many providers who are not physicians prescribe and care for women using pessaries. For this study we attempted to collect opinions of expert nurse providers who fit pessaries on topics related to pessary care and management in an effort to develop consensus to guide practice...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720384/understanding-the-delamination-risk-of-a-tri-layer-tablet-using-mini-piloting-tools
#5
Jing Tao, Sophia Robertson-Lavalle, Preetanshu Pandey, Sherif Badawy
A multi-layer tablet is one of the formulation options utilized to mitigate chemical and/or physical incompatibility between different drug substances. Feasibility studies of multi-layer tablets are often conducted using round flat-faced punch tooling. However the link between different tooling designs and multi-layer tablet performance is not well established. This study uses a prototype tri-layer tablet and examines tooling design considerations when conducting small-scale studies to gauge the risk of interfacial defects...
July 15, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720263/aiming-for-a-holistic-integrated-service-for-men-diagnosed-with-prostate-cancer-definitions-of-standards-and-skill-sets-for-nurses-and-allied-healthcare-professionals
#6
Alastair D Lamb, Sue Thompson, Netty Kinsella, Ingmar Gerbitz, Elaine Chapman, Lisa Putt, Sophie Bennett, Vineetha Thankappannair, Lisa Geoghegan, Naomi Wright, Alison Stirton-Croft, Penny Nixon, Andrew Styling, Diane Whitney, Lindsay Hodgson, Lisa Punt, Jenny Longmore, Mike Carter, Bill Petch, Yvonne Rimmer, Simon Russell, Luke Hughes-Davies, Danish Mazhar, Nimish C Shah, Vincent J Gananapragasam, Andrew Doble, Ola Bratt, Christof Kastner
PURPOSE: To establish a comprehensive set of recommendations for the service structure and skill set of nurses and allied healthcare professionals in prostate cancer care. METHODS: Using components of formal consensus methodology, a 30-member multidisciplinary panel produced 53 items for discussion relating to the provision of care for prostate cancer patients by specialist nurses and allied healthcare professionals. Items were developed by two rounds of email correspondence in which, first, items were generated and, second, items refined to form the basis of a consensus meeting which constituted the third round of review...
August 2017: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719773/methods-for-the-2016-socioeconomic-and-health-survey-in-chi-linh-health-and-demographic-surveillance-system-chililab-hdss
#7
Hoang Van Minh, Tran Thu Ngan, Nguyen Bao Ngoc, Vu Duy Kien, Vu Quynh Mai, Tran Bich Phuong, Tran Tuan Anh, Kim Bao Giang, Phan Van Tuong, Ha Anh Duc, Do Van Dung
The Chi Linh Health and Demographic Surveillance System (CHILILAB HDSS) was established in 2004 in Chi Linh District, Hai Duong Province (Northern Vietnam). Up to 2013, 22 rounds of data collection at CHILILAB HDSS had been completed. This article reports the methods and key sociodemographic characteristics of households and individuals captured by the survey conducted among the subsamples of CHILILAB HDSS in 2016. We observed and compared them to the previous HDSS survey rounds and found no significant differences for household size and gender compositions in CHILILAB HDSS...
July 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719474/photographic-documentation-and-hand-eczema-severity-index-for-severity-assessment-of-hand-eczema
#8
Kristine Zabludovska, Kristina S Ibler, Gregor B E Jemec, Tove Agner
BACKGROUND: Hand eczema (HE) is a fluctuating disease, and an objective assessment of HE severity is coveted. OBJECTIVES: This study was undertaken to test the association between Hand Eczema Severity Index (HECSI) score and panel scores of photographs taken by dermatologists. METHODS: A total of 33 patients with mild HE were included. The patients were part of an intervention study, and HECSI scores and standardized photographs were taken at baseline and at follow-up after 5 months...
July 2017: Dermatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718278/matrix-stiffness-differentially-regulates-cellular-uptake-behavior-of-nanoparticles-in-two-breast-cancer-cell-lines
#9
Yu Wang, Tao Gong, Zhirong Zhang, Yao Fu
Matrix stiffness regulates cell behavior in various biological contexts. In breast tumors, the deposition of extracellular matrix (ECM) correlates with increasing matrix stiffness and poor survival. Nanoparticulate carriers represent a promising therapeutic vehicle for disease diagnosis and efficient anticancer drug delivery. However, how matrix stiffness influences cellular uptake of nanoparticle remains largely unexplored. Here, we selected photopolymerized polyacrylamide gels with varying stiffness as model substrates, and studied the impact of matrix stiffness on cell morphology, nanoparticle uptake efficiency in two representative breast cancer cell lines with varying invasiveness, i...
July 18, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717786/setting-priorities-for-diabetic-retinopathy-clinical-research-and-identifying-evidence-gaps
#10
Jimmy T Le, Susan Hutfless, Tianjing Li, Neil M Bressler, James Heyward, Ava K Bittner, Adam Glassman, Kay Dickersin
PURPOSE: Prioritizing comparative effectiveness research may contribute to obtaining answers that clinicians perceive they need and may minimize research that could be considered wasteful. Our objective was to identify evidence gaps and set priorities for new systematic reviews and randomized controlled trials for managing diabetic retinopathy (DR), including diabetic macular edema (DME). DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS: Diabetic Retinopathy Clinical Research Network (DRCR...
March 2017: Ophthalmology retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717265/round-up
#11
EDITORIAL
Apul Goel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Indian Journal of Urology: IJU: Journal of the Urological Society of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715504/megalosauripus-transjuranicus-ichnosp-nov-a-new-late-jurassic-theropod-ichnotaxon-from-nw-switzerland-and-implications-for-tridactyl-dinosaur-ichnology-and-ichnotaxomy
#12
Novella L Razzolini, Matteo Belvedere, Daniel Marty, GĂ©raldine Paratte, Christel Lovis, Marielle Cattin, Christian A Meyer
A new ichnospecies of a large theropod dinosaur, Megalosauripus transjuranicus, is described from the Reuchenette Formation (Early-Late Kimmeridgian, Late Jurassic) of NW Switzerland. It is based on very well-preserved and morphologically-distinct tracks (impressions) and several trackways, including different preservational types from different tracksites and horizons. All trackways were excavated along federal Highway A16 near Courtedoux (Canton Jura) and systematically documented in the field including orthophotos and laserscans...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713468/a-model-for-determining-the-effect-of-the-wind-velocity-on-100-m-sprinting-performance
#13
Natasa Janjic, Darko Kapor, Dragan Doder, Aleksandar Petrovic, Radoslava Doder
This paper introduces an equation for determining instantaneous and final velocity of a sprinter in a 100 m run completed with a wind resistance ranging from 0.1 to 4.5 m/s. The validity of the equation was verified using the data of three world class sprinters: Carl Lewis, Maurice Green, and Usain Bolt. For the given constant wind velocity with the values + 0.9 and + 1.1 m/s, the wind contribution to the change of sprinter velocity was the same for the maximum as well as for the final velocity. This study assessed how the effect of the wind velocity influenced the change of sprinting velocity...
June 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711340/revision-total-hip-arthroplasty-using-the-kerboull-acetabular-reinforcement-device-and-structural-allograft-for-severe-defects-of-the-acetabulum
#14
Hiroyuki Makita, Marcel Kerboull, Yutaka Inaba, Taro Tezuka, Tomoyuki Saito, Luc Kerboull
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to review our experience with Kerboull reinforcement device combined with bulk allograft for management of severe acetabular defects. METHODS: We investigated the results of revision total hip arthroplasty (THA) in 65 hips of 59 patients (10 male, 49 female) with Paprosky type 3A or 3B acetabular bone defects. Functional outcome was assessed using the Merle d'Aubigne hip score. Post-operative radiographs were examined for evidence of cup loosening...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703067/research-round-up
#15
(no author information available yet)
Latest information from journals.
July 13, 2017: Emergency Nurse: the Journal of the RCN Accident and Emergency Nursing Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701127/changes-in-pathology-test-ordering-by-early-career-general-practitioners-a-longitudinal-study
#16
Parker J Magin, Amanda Tapley, Simon Morgan, Kim Henderson, Elizabeth G Holliday, Andrew R Davey, Jean Ball, Nigel F Catzikiris, Katie J Mulquiney, Mieke L van Driel
OBJECTIVE: To assess the number of pathology tests ordered by general practice registrars during their first 18-24 months of clinical general practice. DESIGN: Longitudinal analysis of ten rounds of data collection (2010-2014) for the Registrar Clinical Encounters in Training (ReCEnT) study, an ongoing, multicentre, cohort study of general practice registrars in Australia. The principal analysis employed negative binomial regression in a generalised estimating equations framework (to account for repeated measures on registrars)...
July 17, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694815/co-overexpression-of-the-constitutively-active-form-of-osbzip46-and-aba-activated-protein-kinase-sapk6-improves-drought-and-temperature-stress-resistance-in-rice
#17
Yu Chang, Ba Hoanh Nguyen, Yongjun Xie, Benze Xiao, Ning Tang, Wenliu Zhu, Tongmin Mou, Lizhong Xiong
Drought is one of the major abiotic stresses threatening rice (Oryza sativa) production worldwide. Drought resistance is controlled by multiple genes, and therefore, a multi-gene genetic engineering strategy is theoretically useful for improving drought resistance. However, the experimental evidence for such a strategy is still lacking. In this study, a few drought-responsive genes from rice were assembled by a multiple-round site-specific assembly system, and the constructs were introduced into the rice cultivar KY131 via Agrobacterium-mediated transformation...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693225/dynamic-mri-follow-up-of-radiation-encephalopathy-in-the-temporal-lobe-following-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma-radiotherapy
#18
Xiaofeng Zhou, Xiaofang Liao, Xiaoqiu Ren, Kewei Xiang, Qiongge Hu, Minming Zhang, Huijuan He, Li Shen, Qichun Wei
The natural course of radiation encephalopathy following nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) radiotherapy remains poorly understood. The present study aimed to investigate the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) characteristics and evolution of radiation encephalopathy. A series of 162 follow-up MRI examinations from 68 NPC patients with radiation encephalopathy in the temporal lobes were analyzed retrospectively. Each component of radiation encephalopathy was defined as follows: i) contrast enhanced lesions were enhanced lesions on contrast enhanced T1-weighted images (T1WI); ii) white matter lesions were lesions of homogeneous hyperintensity on T2-weighted images (T2WI) and hypointensity on T1WI; iii) cysts were round or oval well-defined lesions of hyperintensity on T2WI; iv) hemosiderin deposition were nodular or annular hypointense lesions with lower hypointense than normal white matter on both T1WI and T2WI; v) gray matter lesions were defined as disruption or erosion of hyperintensity in the cortex on T2WI...
July 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693056/-the-clinical-characteristics-of-pulmonary-benign-metastasizing-leiomyoma
#19
H P Wang, J H Shi, L Zhang
Objective: Pulmonary benign metastasizing leiomyoma (PBML) is a rare entity that leiomyoma of uterus metastasized to the lung. The clinical characteristics of this rare disease were analyzed in this article. Methods: The detailed clinical records of 7 patients diagnosed as PBML at Peking Union Medical College Hospital between January 2001 and June 2015 were reviewed. Results: All patients were women with median age of 44 years (range 28-62). Symptoms included dyspnea (2/7), chest pain (1/7), cyanosis (1/7), cough (1/7) and bloody sputum (1/7), while 4/7 cases were asymptomatic...
July 1, 2017: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691620/research-round-up
#20
(no author information available yet)
Latest information from journals.
July 10, 2017: Nursing Children and Young People
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