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D Minshall
The 1991 Persian Gulf War was a resounding military success for coalition forces, who liberated Kuwait following the Iraqi invasion. The medical legacy we have from the conflict is the poorly understood, yet remarkable, phenomenon of Gulf War Syndrome, which surfaced soon after. Epidemiological research has proven beyond doubt that Gulf War veterans report a wide variety of symptoms, in excess of appropriately matched control subjects, and experience worse general health. Numerous toxic environmental hazards have been suggested as causes of Gulf War Syndrome, yet exhaustive scientific study has failed to provide conclusive proof of any link...
2014: Journal of the Royal Naval Medical Service
Edgar Jones, Simon Wessely
The 100th anniversary of the outbreak of World War 1 could be viewed as a tempting opportunity to acknowledge the origins of military psychiatry and the start of a journey from psychological ignorance to enlightenment. However, the psychiatric legacy of the war is ambiguous. During World War 1, a new disorder (shellshock) and a new treatment (forward psychiatry) were introduced, but the former should not be thought of as the first recognition of what is now called post-traumatic stress disorder and the latter did not offer the solution to the management of psychiatric casualties, as was subsequently claimed...
November 8, 2014: Lancet
Edgar Jones, Robert Hodgins Vermaas, Charlotte Beech, Ian Palmer, Kenneth Hyams, Simon Wessely
This study seeks to investigate the mortality rates of U.K. servicemen with postcombat syndromes following the Boer War and World War I. Random samples of veterans awarded war pensions for either disordered action of the heart (DAH) or neurasthenia/shellshock were compared with gunshot wounded ex-servicemen as controls. The destruction of pension records has led to reliance on groups of the longest lived veterans, which diminishes their representative qualities. Study groups were matched by rank and level of disability...
May 2003: Military Medicine
Edgar Jones, Robert Hodgins Vermaas, Helen McCartney, Charlotte Beech, Ian Palmer, Kenneth Hyams, Simon Wessely
BACKGROUND: It has been argued that post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a timeless condition, which existed before it was codified in modern diagnostic classifications but was described by different names such as 'railway spine' and 'shellshock'. Others have suggested that PTSD is a novel presentation that has resulted from a modern interaction between trauma and culture. AIMS: To test whether one core symptom of PTSD, the flashback, has altered in prevalence over time in soldiers subjected to the intense stress of combat...
February 2003: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
D Hibberd
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
1977: Sociological Review
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