keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Pork

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823126/current-status-and-prospective-of-in-feed-additive-antibiotics-in-the-individual-stage-of-the-pork-production
#1
Junyou Li
Antibiotics have long been of great benefit for people, both in the medical treatment of human disease and in animal food that improves the growth performance and feed utilization during animal production. Antibiotics as in-feed supplements affect all stages of pork production, including the gestation, nursing, growing, and finishing stages, although the effects show stage-dependent differences. However, the use of antibiotics in animal feed has become a worldwide concern. This review describes why sub-therapeutic levels of antibiotic additives in animal feed have become an integral part of animal feeding programs for more than 70 years, particularly in pork production...
August 16, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821819/dietary-factors-and-polymorphisms-in-vitamin-d-metabolism-genes-the-risk-and-prognosis-of-colorectal-cancer-in-northeast-china
#2
Chen Gong, Zhiping Long, Yanming Yu, Lin Zhu, Jingshen Tian, Shuo Li, Jing Li, Hongyuan Yu, Qiang Chi, Daxun Piao, Fan Wang, Yashuang Zhao, Binbin Cui
CYP24A1 and CYP27B1 are critical genes determining 1α,25(OH)2D3 concentration and impacting on carcinogenesis. A case-control study including 528 colorectal cancer (CRC) patients and 605 cancer-free controls and a follow-up study with 317 cases were conducted in northeast China. Genotypes were tested by TaqMan Genotyping Assays. Individuals carrying the GG genotype of CYP27B1 G > T (rs10877012) exhibited decreased CRC risk compared with those with the TT genotype (ORadjusted (ORadj) = 0.57, 95% Confidence Interval (CI) = 0...
August 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821308/influence-of-gamma-irradiation-on-porcine-serum-albumin-structural-properties-and-allergenicity
#3
Xudong Zhu, Wei Wang, Juan Shen, Xinglian Xu, Guanghong Zhou
Pork provides an ideal source of food energy; however, pork can elicit an allergic reaction, and porcine serumalbumin (PSA) has been identified as a major allergen. This study examined the impact of gamma irradiation on the allergenicity and structural qualities of PSA; the PSA solution was gamma-irradiated at 1, 2, 4, 6, and 8 kGy. Allergenicity was investigated by immunoblotting and competitive indirect ELISA using serum from patients who are allergic to pork, and conformational changes in irradiated PSA were measured by circular dichroism, sulfhydryl group detection, and fluorescence emission spectra...
August 18, 2017: Journal of AOAC International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813538/genome-wide-association-analysis-reveals-genetic-loci-and-candidate-genes-for-feeding-behavior-and-eating-efficiency-in-duroc-boars
#4
Rongrong Ding, Jianping Quan, Ming Yang, Xingwang Wang, Enqin Zheng, Huaqiang Yang, Disheng Fu, Yang Yang, Linxue Yang, Zicong Li, Dewu Liu, Gengyuan Cai, Zhenfang Wu, Jie Yang
Efficient use of feed resources is a challenge in the pork industry because the largest variability in expenditure is attributed to the cost of fodder. Efficiency of feeding is directly related to feeding behavior. In order to identify genomic regions controlling feeding behavior and eating efficiency traits, 338 Duroc boars were used in this study. The Illumina Porcine SNP60K BeadChip was used for genotyping. Data pertaining to individual daily feed intake (DFI), total daily time spent in feeder (TPD), number of daily visits to feeder (NVD), average duration of each visit (TPV), mean feed intake per visit (FPV), mean feed intake rate (FR), and feed conversion ratio (FCR) were collected for these pigs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807305/evaluation-of-the-priocheck%C3%A2-trichinella-aad-kit-for-the-digestion-and-recovery-of-larvae-in-pork-horse-meat-and-wild-meat
#5
Kelly Konecsni, Cheryl Scheller, Brad Scandrett, Patrik Buholzer, Alvin Gajadhar
The artificial digestion magnetic stirrer method using pepsin protease and hydrochloric acid is the standard assay for the detection of Trichinella larvae in muscle of infected animals. Recently, an alternative enzyme, serine protease, was employed in the development of a commercially available digestion kit (PrioCHECK™ Trichinella AAD Kit). This assay requires a higher digestion temperature of 60°C which kills the larvae during the digestion process, mitigating the risk of environmental contamination from the parasite...
August 30, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804658/extensive-causative-esophagitis-caused-by-thermal-injury-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#6
Cherng Harng Lim, Hsu-Heng Yen, Wei-Wen Su, Cherng-Jyr Lim, Hao-Chien Tsai, Shi-Ting Chen
Esophagus thermal injury is a rare case that can be easily overlooked by practitioners. We herein present a case of thermally induced diffuse corrosive esophagitis with complaints of dysphagia and retrosternal chest pain after having steamed pork. A thorough disease course was demonstrated by serials of endoscopy images and video. A comprehensive review of articles and a concise overview of esophageal thermal injury clinical manifestation, disease process, typical endoscopy features, pharmacomanagement option, and outcomes will be conducted in this article...
2017: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804436/intake-of-different-types-of-red-meat-poultry-and-fish-and-incident-colorectal-cancer-in-women-and-men-results-from-the-malm%C3%A3-diet-and-cancer-study
#7
Alexandra Vulcan, Jonas Manjer, Ulrika Ericson, Bodil Ohlsson
Background : Colorectal cancer (CRC) is considered one of the most common forms of cancer in the Western world. High intake of red and processed meat is considered to increase CRC development. Objective : This study examined associations between intake of red meats, poultry, and fish and incident CRC, and if weight status modifies the associations. Design : In the Malmö Diet and Cancer Study, dietary data was collected through a modified diet history method. Via the Swedish Cancer Registry, 728 cases of CRC were identified during 428 924 person-years of follow-up of 16 944 women and 10 987 men...
2017: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800865/contemporary-reviews-in-critical-care-medicine-anaphylaxis
#8
REVIEW
Daniel LoVerde, Onyinye I Iweala, Ariana Eginli, Guha Krishnaswamy
Anaphylaxis is a systemic, life threatening disorder triggered by mediators released by mast cells and basophils activated via allergic (IgE-mediated) or non-allergic (non-IgE-mediated) mechanisms. It is a rapidly evolving, multisystem process involving the integumentary, pulmonary, gastrointestinal and cardiovascular systems. Anaphylaxis and angioedema are serious disorders that can lead to fatal airway obstruction and culminate in cardiorespiratory arrest resulting in hypoxemia and/or shock. Often, these disorders can be appropriately managed in an outpatient setting...
August 8, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799894/meal-specific-food-patterns-and-the-incidence-of-hyperglycemia-in-a-chinese-adult-population
#9
Zumin Shi, Malcolm Riley, Anne Taylor, Manny Noakes
This study aimed to examine the association between meal-specific food patterns and incident hyperglycaemia in a Chinese adult population. Adults aged 20 years and older (n 1056) were followed from 2002 to 2007. Dietary data were collected using a 3-d food record and meal-specific (breakfast, lunch and dinner) food patterns were independently described by factor analysis based on the consumption of thirty-five food groups at each eating occasion. Each food pattern score was recoded as quartiles. Hyperglycaemia was defined as fasting plasma glucose >5·6 mmol/l at baseline and follow-up...
July 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799224/genomic-insights-into-the-pathogenicity-and-environmental-adaptability-of-enterococcus-hirae-r17-isolated-from-pork-offered-for-retail-sale
#10
Zixin Peng, Menghan Li, Wei Wang, Hongtao Liu, Séamus Fanning, Yujie Hu, Jianzhong Zhang, Fengqin Li
Genetic information about Enterococcus hirae is limited, a feature that has compromised our understanding of these clinically challenging bacteria. In this study, comparative analysis was performed of E. hirae R17, a daptomycin-resistant strain isolated from pork purchased from a retail market in Beijing, China, and three other enterococcal genomes (Enterococcus faecium DO, Enterococcus faecalis V583, and E. hirae ATCC(™) 9790). Some 1,412 genes were identified that represented the core genome together with an additional 139 genes that were specific to E...
August 10, 2017: MicrobiologyOpen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796824/droplet-digital-polymerase-chain-reaction-ddpcr-assays-integrated-with-an-internal-control-for-quantification-of-bovine-porcine-chicken-and-turkey-species-in-food-and-feed
#11
Hanan R Shehata, Jiping Li, Shu Chen, Helen Redda, Shumei Cheng, Nicole Tabujara, Honghong Li, Keith Warriner, Robert Hanner
Food adulteration and feed contamination are significant issues in the food/feed industry, especially for meat products. Reliable techniques are needed to monitor these issues. Droplet Digital PCR (ddPCR) assays were developed and evaluated for detection and quantification of bovine, porcine, chicken and turkey DNA in food and feed samples. The ddPCR methods were designed based on mitochondrial DNA sequences and integrated with an artificial recombinant plasmid DNA to control variabilities in PCR procedures...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794212/addition-of-rye-bran-and-pea-fiber-to-pork-meatballs-enhances-subjective-satiety-in-healthy-men-but-does-not-change-glycemic-or-hormonal-responses-a-randomized-crossover-meal-test-study
#12
Ursula Kehlet, Josephine Kofod, Jens J Holst, Christian Ritz, Margit D Aaslyng, Anne Raben
Background: The development of high-protein, fiber-rich foods targeting appetite control could be an efficient tool in obesity prevention.Objectives: We investigated whether ad libitum energy intake (EI), appetite, and metabolic markers in a meal context were affected by 1) fiber addition (rye bran and pea fiber) to pork meatballs, 2) the food matrix of the fiber (fiber meatballs compared with fiber bread), or 3) the protein source (animal compared with vegetable protein patties).Methods: In a crossover design, 40 healthy men [mean ± SD: body mass index (BMI; in kg/m(2)), 22...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792779/iodine-values-of-adipose-tissue-varied-among-breeds-of-pigs-and-were-correlated-with-pork-quality
#13
Eric D Testroet, Chad L Yoder, Amber Testroet, Carmen Reynolds, Mathew R O'Neil, Soi Meng Lei, Donald C Beitz, Tom J Baas
Our objectives were to investigate fatty acid composition variation amongst adipose tissue sites, breed effects on fat quality, and the relationship of pork fat quality to fresh pork quality. Barrows and gilts (n = 347) of five purebred and one commercial crossbred line were fed commercial swine diets with DDGS inclusion at 30% (as fed) from 31.8 kg body weight until 30-d prior to harvest at 111.4 kg. Immediately after harvest, hot carcass weight was determined, adipose tissue was collected from the back, belly, and jowl, and meat samples were taken from the longissimus muscle for evaluation of pork quality...
July 20, 2017: Adipocyte
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783534/frequency-of-hepatitis-e-virus-rotavirus-and-porcine-enteric-calicivirus-at-various-stages-of-pork-carcass-processing-in-two-pork-processing-plants
#14
Tineke H Jones, Victoria Muehlhauser
Hepatitis E virus (HEV), rotavirus (RV), and porcine enteric calicivirus (PEC) infections are common in swine and raises concerns about the potential for zoonotic transmission through undercooked meat products. Enteric viruses can potentially contaminate carcasses during meat processing operations. There is a lack of information on the prevalence and control of enteric viruses in the pork processing chain. This study compared the incidence and levels of contamination of hog carcasses with HEV, RV and PEC at different stages of the dressing process...
July 29, 2017: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782814/comparative-study-of-the-influence-of-hawthorn-crataegus-monogyna-berries-ethanolic-extract-and-butylated-hydroxylanisole-bha-on-lipid-peroxidation-myoglobin-oxidation-consistency-and-firmness-of-minced-pork-during-refrigeration
#15
Camelia Papuc, Corina Nicoleta Predescu, Liliana Tudoreanu, Valentin Nicorescu, Iuliana Gajaila
BACKGROUND: Following public concern on the use of synthetic food antioxidants, there is an increasing demand for the application of mixed or purified natural antioxidants to maintain meat produces quality during storage. The aim of this research was to investigate the effect of hawthorn berries' ethanolic extract compared to butylated hydroxylanisole (BHA), on lipid peroxidation, myoglobin oxidation, protein electrophoresis pattern, consistency and firmness of minced pork during refrigeration at 4 °C and to identify the relationship between chemical modifications and consistency variation...
August 7, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777952/influence-of-fat-and-oil-type-on-the-yield-physico-chemical-properties-and-microstructure-of-fat-oil-and-grease-fog-deposits
#16
Dann Marie N Del Mundo, Manote Sutheerawattananonda
Fat, oil, and grease (FOG) deposit, in the form of calcium soap, was found to cause sanitary sewer overflows due to its adhesion on pipe walls. To address this problem, laboratory-prepared calcium soaps have been used to investigate the formation mechanisms of FOG deposits. However, the fats and oils previously utilized were limited and some soap characteristics were not examined. This research attempted to probe through the properties of calcium soaps prepared from calcium chloride and the fats and oils of chicken, pork, palm olein, soybean, olive, and coconut to further understand FOG formation and stability...
July 21, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771608/detection-and-quantification-of-beef-and-pork-materials-in-meat-products-by-duplex-droplet-digital-pcr
#17
Yicun Cai, Yuping He, Rong Lv, Hongchao Chen, Qiang Wang, Liangwen Pan
Meat products often consist of meat from multiple animal species, and inaccurate food product adulteration and mislabeling can negatively affect consumers. Therefore, a cost-effective and reliable method for identification and quantification of animal species in meat products is required. In this study, we developed a duplex droplet digital PCR (dddPCR) detection and quantification system to simultaneously identify and quantify the source of meat in samples containing a mixture of beef (Bos taurus) and pork (Sus scrofa) in a single digital PCR reaction tube...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768296/dietary-pattern-and-colonic-diverticulosis
#18
Antonio Tursi
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To assess the role of dietary pattern on the occurrence of colonic diverticulosis, diverticular disease and acute diverticulitis. RECENT FINDINGS: High-fiber diet does not prevent diverticulosis occurrence, and results about prevention/treatment of diverticular disease and acute diverticulitis are still conflicting.No association was seen between nut, corn or popcorn consumption and occurrence of diverticulosis, diverticular disease and acute diverticulitis...
September 2017: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764076/a-sensitive-hplc-ms-ms-method-for-the-simultaneous-detection-of-microbial-transglutaminase-and-bovine-and-porcine-fibrinogen-thrombin-in-restructured-meat
#19
Wolfgang Jira, Fredi Schwägele
A sensitive HPLC-MS/MS method for the simultaneous detection of microbial transglutaminase (TG) from Streptomyces mobaraensis, and bovine and porcine fibrinogen/thrombin in restructured meat was developed using tryptic marker peptides of TG (five markers), and bovine and porcine fibrinogen (six markers each). Meat binding experiments with beef and pork were performed using a technical TG mixture (Activa, Ajinomoto), and bovine and porcine plasmapowder FG (PPFG; Sonac B.V.). The method developed allows the simultaneous detection of the use of these cold-set binders in raw and heated samples...
December 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763955/label-free-quantification-of-meat-proteins-for-evaluation-of-species-composition-of-processed-meat-products
#20
Magdalena Montowska, Emilia Fornal
This study evaluated the application of label-free, relative quantification of highly processed meat proteins to authenticate processed meat products. Quantitation was based on proteins for which heat-stable and species-specific peptide markers had been detected. Using nano-LC-QTOF-MS/MS, 20 new, heat-stable peptide markers unique to chicken, duck and goose were identified, with significant scores. The method enabled detection of 1%(w/w) of chicken and 1%(w/w) pork in a mixture of the meat of three species, as well as 0...
December 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
keyword
keyword
87633
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"