keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Pork

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429917/the-impact-of-urbanization-on-the-community-food-environment-in-china
#1
Yang Wu, Hong Xue, Huijun Wang, Chang Su, Shufa Du, Youfa Wang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Research on how urbanization has influenced the food environment in China is limited. The study aimed to examine the impact of urbanization on the food environment in China. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Longitudinal data collected during 1989-2009 from the China Health and Nutrition Survey were used, which covered 9 provinces in China. Urbanicity index (0-10) was assessed using an urbanicity scale. Final analyses included 216 communities...
May 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426718/effects-of-dietary-beef-pork-chicken-and-salmon-on-intestinal-carcinogenesis-in-a-j-min-mice
#2
Christina Steppeler, Marianne Sødring, Bjørg Egelandsdal, Bente Kirkhus, Marije Oostindjer, Ole Alvseike, Lars Erik Gangsei, Ellen-Margrethe Hovland, Fabrice Pierre, Jan Erik Paulsen
The International Agency for Research on Cancer has classified red meat as "probably carcinogenic to humans" (Group 2A). In mechanistic studies exploring the link between intake of red meat and CRC, heme iron, the pigment of red meat, is proposed to play a central role as a catalyzer of luminal lipid peroxidation and cytotoxicity. In the present work, the novel A/J Min/+ mouse was used to investigate the effects of dietary beef, pork, chicken, or salmon (40% muscle food (dry weight) and 60% powder diet) on Apc-driven intestinal carcinogenesis, from week 3-13 of age...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423885/effect-of-fermented-biogas-residue-on-growth-performance-serum-biochemical-parameters-and-meat-quality-in-pigs
#3
Xiang Xu, Lv-Mu Li, Bin Li, Wenjie Guo, Xiaoling Ding, Fazhi Xu
Objective: This study investigated the effect of fermented biogas residue (FBR) of wheat on the performance, serum biochemical parameters, and meat quality in pigs. Methods: We selected 128 pigs (the mean initial body weight is 40.24±3.08 kg) and randomly allocated them to 4 groups (1 control group and 3 treatment groups) with 4 replicates per group and 8 pigs per pen in a randomized complete block design based on initial body weight and sex. The control group received soybean meal, the treatment group fed diets containing 5%, 10%, and 15% fermented biomass residue (FBR), respectively (abbreviated as FBR5, FBR10 and FBR15, respectively)...
March 25, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423884/integrating-market-chain-assessments-with-zoonoses-risk-analysis-in-two-cross-border-pig-value-chains-in-lao-pdr
#4
Anna Okello, Tassilo Tamino Tiemann, Phouth Inthavong, Boualam Khamlome, Ammaly Phengvilaysouk, Soukanh Keonouchanh, Chattouphone Keokhamphet, Virasack Somoulay, Kate Blaszak, Stuart Blacksell, Walter Okello, John Allen
Lao PDR's recent accession to the World Trade Organization necessitates a greater understanding of the patterns and risk of livestock production in order to better align national policy with the Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures. This eco-health study describes the integration of market chain and zoonoses risk analyses at two strategic cross border points between Lao PDR, Thailand and Viet Nam. Information gained from smallholder farmer/trader interviews was integrated with serological surveys for pig-associated zoonoses - including hepatitis E virus, Taenia solium and Trichinella - to identify potential linkages between disease risk and pig production and slaughter in low input systems common across the country...
March 25, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423882/various-levels-of-rapeseed-meal-in-weaning-pig-diet-from-weaning-to-finishing-periods
#5
Sung Ho Do, Byeong Ock Kim, Lin Hu Fang, Dong Hyeon You, Jin Su Hong, Y Y Kim
Objective: This experiment was conducted to investigate the influence of rapeseed meal (RSM) supplementation in weaning pig diet on growth performance, blood profile, carcass characteristics and economic analysis on weaning to finishing pigs. Methods: A total of 120 cross bred ([Yorkshire × Landrace] × Duroc) weaning pigs were allotted to 5 treatments in a randomized complete block (RCB) design. Each treatment had 4 replications with 6 pigs per pen. Five different levels of RSM (0, 2, 4, 6 and 8%) were used as dietary treatments...
March 25, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423872/potential-antioxidant-and-lipid-peroxidation-inhibition-of-phyllanthus-acidus-leaf-extract-in-minced-pork
#6
Tuyen Thi Kim Nguyen, Chamroon Laosinwattana, Montinee Teerarak, Komkhae Pilasombut
Objective: This study was to investigate the effect of extraction solvents on antioxidant bio-active compounds as well as potential antioxidant and lipid peroxidation inhibition of Phyllanthus acidus leaf extract in minced pork. Methods: The effect of various solvent systems of water, 25%, 50%, 75% (v/v) ethanol in water and absolute ethanol on the extraction crude yield, total phenolic content, total flavonoid content and in vitro antioxidant activities of P. acidus leaves was determined...
April 19, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422119/current-lifestyle-factors-that-increase-risk-of-t2dm-in-china
#7
REVIEW
N Zhang, S M Du, G S Ma
The Report on the Status of Nutrition and Chronic Diseases of Chinese residents (2015) indicated that the prevalence of diabetes was 9.7% among adults aged ⩾18 years, which markedly increased from 2.6% in 2002 within 10 years. In addition to the social economic factors, transitions in food consumption, behavioral and lifestyle playing the important roles in the fast increase of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). In 2010-2012, the cereal food consumption of Chinese residents was 337 g/d, vegetables consumption 269 g/d, fruit consumption 41 g/d, legume and legume products 11 g/d, dairy and dairy products consumption 25 g/d, meat consumption 90 g/d, edible oil consumption 42 g/d and dietary fiber 10...
April 19, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416875/hawberry-crataegus-monogyna-jaqc-extracts-inhibit-lipid-oxidation-and-improve-consumer-liking-of-ready-to-eat-rte-pork-patties
#8
T Akcan, M Estévez, S Rico, S Ventanas, D Morcuende
The objective of this work was to study the effectiveness of extracts from hawberry (Crataegus monogyna Jacq.) to inhibit lipid oxidation and odor deterioration during processing of ready-to-eat (RTE) pork patties subjected to roasting (180 °C/16 min), chilling (10 days/+3 °C) and reheating in microwave (600 mW/1 min). Acetone extracts of hawberry were chosen based on their total phenolic content (1281.1 ± 84.8 mg gallic acid equivalent (GAE)/100 g fruit) and in vitro antiradical activity (DPPH) (53...
April 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413682/multi-focal-hifu-reduces-cavitation-in-mild-hyperthermia
#9
Vandiver Chaplin, Charles F Caskey
BACKGROUND: Mild-hyperthermia therapy (40-45 °C) with high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) is a technique being considered in a number of different treatments such as thermally activated drug delivery, immune-stimulation, and as a chemotherapy adjuvant. Mechanical damage and loss of cell viability associated with HIFU-induced acoustic cavitation may pose a risk during these treatments or may hinder their success. Here we present a method that achieves mild heating and reduces cavitation by using a multi-focused HIFU beam...
2017: Journal of Therapeutic Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408042/towards-the-determination-of-sulfonamides-in-meat-samples-a-magnetic-and-mesoporous-metal-organic-framework-as-an-efficient-sorbent-for-magnetic-solid-phase-extraction-combined-with-high-performance-liquid-chromatography
#10
Lian Xia, Lijie Liu, Xiaoxia Lv, Fei Qu, Guoliang Li, Jinmao You
A magnetic, mesoporous core/shell structured Fe3O4@JUC-48 nanocomposite was synthesized and employed as a magnetic solid phase extraction (MSPE) sorbent for the determination of trace sulfonamides (SAs) in meat samples. The synthesized nanocomposite was characterized by X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectra, transmission electron microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, Brunner-Emmet-Teller, and vibrating sample magnetometry; the Fe3O4@JUC-48 nanocomposite exhibited a distinctive morphology, large surface area, high magnetism, open adsorption sites, and high chemical stability...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407896/one-pot-synthesis-of-ethylenediamine-connected-graphene-carbon-nanotube-composite-material-for-isolation-of-clenbuterol-from-pork
#11
Yanan Yuan, Xiaoyan Jiao, Yehong Han, Ligai Bai, Haiyan Liu, Fengxia Qiao, Hongyuan Yan
A fluffy porous ethylenediamine-connected graphene/carbon nanotube composite (EGC), prepared by a simple and time-saving one-pot synthesis, was successfully applied as an adsorbent in pipette-tip solid-phase extraction (PT-SPE) for the rapid extraction and determination of clenbuterol (CLB) from pork. In the one-pot synthesis, carbon nanotubes were inserted into graphene sheets and then connected with ethylenediamine through chemical modification to form a three-dimensional framework structure to prevent agglomeration of the graphene sheets...
September 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407498/partial-replacement-of-animal-fat-by-oleogels-structured-with-monoglycerides-and-phytosterols-in-frankfurter-sausages
#12
Dimitrios Kouzounis, Athina Lazaridou, Eugenios Katsanidis
Sunflower oil was structured with monoglycerides and phytosterols. The properties of the oleogels were studied by optical microscopy, large deformation mechanical measurements, dynamic rheometry and differential scanning calorimetry. The interaction between monoglycerides and phytosterols resulted in stronger oleogel networks with a differentiated crystalline structure, increased hardness and gel strength, increased storage modulus (G') values and decreased melting temperatures compared to monoglycerides oleogels...
April 6, 2017: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406050/investigation-of-pyrrolizidine-alkaloids-including-their-respective-n-oxides-in-selected-food-products-available-in-hong-kong-by-liquid-chromatography-electrospray-ionization-mass-spectrometry
#13
Stephen W C Chung, Aaron C H Lam
The aim of this study was to determine the levels of pyrrolizidine alkaloids (Shimshoni, Mulder et al.), including their respective N-oxides, in foodstuffs available in Hong Kong, by liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry. A total of 234 samples (48 food items) were collected randomly from local market and analyzed. About 50% of samples were found to contain detectable amount of PAs. Amongst the 48 food items, PAs were not detected in 11 food items, including barley flour, beef, cattle liver, pork, pig liver, chicken meat, chicken liver, milk, non-fermented tea, Melissa tea and linden tea...
April 13, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404320/influence-of-extrinsic-operational-parameters-on-salt-diffusion-during-ultrasound-assisted-meat-curing
#14
Elena S Inguglia, Zhihang Zhang, Catherine Burgess, Joseph P Kerry, Brijesh K Tiwari
The present study investigated the effect of geometric parameters of the ultrasound instrument during meat salting in order to enhance salt diffusion and salt distribution in pork meat on a lab scale. The effects of probe size (∅2.5 and 1.3cm) and of different distances between the transducer and the meat sample (0.3, 0.5, and 0.8cm) on NaCl diffusion were investigated. Changes in the moisture content and NaCl gain were used to evaluate salt distribution and diffusion in the samples, parallel and perpendicular to ultrasound propagation direction...
March 27, 2017: Ultrasonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400019/molecular-characterization-and-antimicrobial-resistance-of-salmonella-enterica-from-swine-slaughtered-in-two-different-types-of-philippine-abattoir
#15
Alyzza Marie B Calayag, Phyllis Anne P Paclibare, Pauline Dianne M Santos, Corinne Aimee C Bautista, Windell L Rivera
Salmonella enterica is a well-known pathogen commonly acquired from the consumption of contaminated food. It has been estimated to affect millions of humans and cause hundreds of thousands of deaths per year globally. Pork, one of the most commonly consumed meats worldwide, has been identified as one of the main sources of human salmonellosis. In this study, we aimed to detect and characterize S. enterica from slaughtered swine and generate antimicrobial resistance profiles of select isolates. Tonsils and jejunum with mesenteric lymph nodes (MLN) were collected from a total of 240 swine from eight abattoirs (five accredited and three locally registered abattoirs) across Metro Manila...
August 2017: Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400008/diversity-of-the-dominant-bacterial-species-on-sliced-cooked-pork-products-at-expiration-date-in-the-belgian-retail
#16
Wim Geeraerts, Vasileios Pothakos, Luc De Vuyst, Frédéric Leroy
Pork-based cooked products, such as cooked hams, are economically valuable foods that are vulnerable to bacterial spoilage, even when applying cooling and modified atmosphere packaging (MAP). Besides a common presence of Brochothrix thermosphacta, their microbiota are usually dominated by lactic acid bacteria (LAB). Yet, the exact LAB species diversity can differ considerably among products. In this study, 42 sliced cooked pork samples were acquired from three different Belgian supermarkets to map their bacterial heterogeneity...
August 2017: Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391213/integration-of-low-power-asic-and-mems-sensors-for-monitoring-gastrointestinal-tract-using-a-wireless-capsule-system
#17
Md Shamsul Arefin, Jean-Michel Redoute, Mehmet Yuce
This paper presents a wireless capsule microsystem to detect and monitor pH, pressure, and temperature of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract in real-time. This research contributes to the integration of sensors (microfabricated capacitive pH, capacitive pressure, and resistive temperature sensors), frequency modulation and pulse-width modulation based interface IC circuits, microcontroller, and transceiver with meandered conformal antenna for the development of a capsule system. The challenges associated with the system miniaturization, higher sensitivity and resolution of sensors, and lower power consumption of interface circuits are addressed...
April 4, 2017: IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390262/enumeration-of-escherichia-coli-in-swab-samples-from-pre-and-post-chilled-pork-and-lamb-carcasses-using-3m%C3%A2-petrifilm%C3%A2-select-e-coli-and-simplate%C3%A2-coliforms-e-coli
#18
Sigrun J Hauge, Øyvin Østensvik, Marte Monshaugen, Ole-Johan Røtterud, Truls Nesbakken, Ole Alvseike
The aim of the study was to compare two analytical methods; 3M Petrifilm™ Select E. coli and SimPlate® Coliforms &E. coli, for detection and enumeration of E. coli using swab samples from naturally contaminated pork and lamb carcasses that were collected before and after chilling. Blast chilling was used for pork carcasses. Swab samples (n=180) were collected from 60 warm and 60 chilled pork carcasses, and 30 warm and 30 chilled lamb carcasses, and analysed in parallel. The concordance correlation coefficient between Petrifilm and SimPlate was 0...
March 31, 2017: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382704/hepatitis-e-the-current-state-of-play
#19
REVIEW
M J Ankcorn, R S Tedder
The hepatitis E virus (HEV) is a major cause of acute hepatitis globally. Genotypes 1 and 2 (G1 and G2) are obligate human pathogens transmitted faeco-orally, leading to epidemics in developing countries. In contrast, genotypes 3 and 4 (G3 and G4) have a wider host range, including humans, but are primarily porcine viruses and are transmitted from animals to humans as a food-borne zoonosis when meat from an infected animal is consumed. HEV is increasingly recognised as a problem in developed countries, including countries in Europe...
April 2017: Transfusion Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380601/genome-wide-association-study-in-an-f2-duroc-x-pietrain-resource-population-for-economically-important-meat-quality-and-carcass-traits
#20
S Casiró, D Velez-Irizarry, C W Ernst, N E Raney, R O Bates, M G Charles, J P Steibel
Meat quality is essential for consumer acceptance, it ultimately impacts pork production profitability and it is subject to genetic control. The objective of this study was to map genomic regions associated with economically important meat quality and carcass traits. We performed a genome-wide association (GWA) analysis to map regions associated with 38 meat quality and carcass traits recorded for 948 F2 pigs from the Michigan State University Duroc × Pietrain resource population. The F0, F1, and 336 F2 pigs were genotyped with the Illumina Porcine SNP60 BeadChip, while the remaining F2 pigs were genotyped with the GeneSeek Genomic Profiler for Porcine Low Desnisty (LD) chip, and imputed with high accuracy ( = 0...
February 2017: Journal of Animal Science
keyword
keyword
87633
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"