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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109072/assessment-of-acute-kidney-injury-and-renal-fibrosis-after-renal-ischemia-protocols-in-cats
#1
Vanna M
In an attempt to identify a feline model of acute or chronic kidney disease, this study was designed to evaluate the effects of 15 or 30 min of bilateral renal ischemia (RI) and 60 min of unilateral RI with delayed contralateral nephrectomy as models of acute kidney injury and chronic interstitial fibrosis in cats. Adult, purpose-bred, USDA Class A cats (n = 14) were randomly assigned to receive bilateral RI for 15 min (n = 3) or 30 min (n = 3), unilateral RI for 60 min with a delayed (2 wk) contralateral nephrectomy (n = 5), or sham unilateral RI with a delayed contralateral nephrectomy (n = 3)...
January 20, 2017: Comparative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106357/possession-use-and-transfer-of-select-agents-and-toxins-biennial-review-of-the-list-of-select-agents-and-toxins-and-enhanced-biosafety-requirements-final-rule
#2
(no author information available yet)
In accordance with the Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response Act of 2002 (the Bioterrorism Response Act), the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) has reviewed the list of biological agents and toxins that have the potential to pose a severe threat to public health and safety. Following the review, HHS has decided: Not to finalize the proposed changes to the list of select agents and toxins at this time; to finalize provisions to address toxin permissible limits and the inactivation of select agents; to finalize specific provisions to the section of the regulations addressing biosafety; and to clarify regulatory language concerning security, training, incident response, and records...
19, 2017: Federal Register
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099768/effects-of-metmyoglobin-reducing-activity-and-thermal-stability-of-nadh-dependent-reductase-and-lactate-dehydrogenase-on-premature-browning-in-ground-beef
#3
Blanchefort A Djimsa, Anupam Abraham, Gretchen G Mafi, Deborah L VanOverbeke, Ranjith Ramanathan
Premature browning is a condition wherein ground beef exhibits a well-done appearance before reaching the USDA recommended internal cooked meat temperature of 71.1 °C; however, the mechanism is unclear. The objectives of this study were: (1) to determine the effects of packaging and temperature on metmyoglobin reducing activity (MRA) of cooked ground beef patties and (2) to assess the effects of temperature and pH on thermal stability of NADH-dependent reductase, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), and oxymyoglobin (OxyMb) in-vitro...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075508/differences-in-access-to-and-use-of-electronic-personal-health-information-between-rural-and-urban-residents-in-the-united-states
#4
Alexandra J Greenberg, Danielle Haney, Kelly D Blake, Richard P Moser, Bradford W Hesse
PURPOSE: The increase in use of health information technologies (HIT) presents new opportunities for patient engagement and self-management. Patients in rural areas stand to benefit especially from increased access to health care tools and electronic communication with providers. We assessed the adoption of 4 HIT tools over time by rural or urban residency. METHODS: Analyses were conducted using data from 7 iterations of the National Cancer Institute's Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS; 2003-2014)...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073813/association-between-the-healthy-eating-index-2010-and-nutrient-and-energy-densities-of-german-households-food-purchases
#5
Jonas Peltner, Silke Thiele
BACKGROUND: The USDA Healthy Eating Index (HEI) is used widely to measure diet quality because it allows a number of different applications. Although several evaluations of the HEI-2010 have already been carried out, there is lack of those which focus on associations between the HEI and nutrient intakes. This study updates and expands upon previous findings on these associations. METHODS: Using German consumption data, where ∼12 million purchases from 13 131 households are recorded, HEI-2010 total and individual scores, as well as several energy and nutrient densities were calculated...
January 9, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064439/eugenol-specialty-chemical-production-in-transgenic-poplar-populus-tremula-%C3%A3-p-alba-field-trials
#6
Da Lu, Xianghe Yuan, Sung-Jin Kim, Joaquim V Marques, P Pawan Chakravarthy, Syed G A Moinuddin, Randi Luchterhand, Barri Herman, Laurence B Davin, Norman G Lewis
A foundational study assessed effects of biochemical pathway introduction into poplar to produce eugenol, chavicol, p-anol, isoeugenol, and their sequestered storage products, from potentially available substrates, coniferyl and p-coumaryl alcohols. At the onset, it was unknown whether significant carbon flux to monolignols vs other phenylpropanoid (acetate) pathway metabolites would be kinetically favored. Various transgenic poplar lines generated eugenol and chavicol glucosides in ca. 0.45% (~0.35 and ~0...
January 8, 2017: Plant Biotechnology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049088/geospatial-assessment-of-bioenergy-land-use-and-its-impacts-on-soil-erosion-in-the-u-s-midwest
#7
William M SooHoo, Cuizhen Wang, Huixuan Li
Agricultural land use change, especially corn expansion since 2000s, has been accelerating to meet the growing bioenergy demand of the United States. This study identifies the environmentally sensitive lands (ESLs) in the U.S. Midwest using the distance-weighted Revised Universal Soil Loss Equation (RUSLE) associated with bioenergy land uses extracted from USDA Cropland Data Layers. The impacts of soil erosion to downstream wetlands and waterbodies in the river basin are counted in the RUSLE with an inverse distance weighting approach...
December 31, 2016: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046164/carcass-grading-characteristics-of-serially-harvested-calf-fed-holstein-steers-fed-zilpaterol-hydrochloride
#8
N D May, T J McEvers, L J Walter, J A Reed, J P Hutcheson, T E Lawrence
Serial harvests were conducted using Holstein steers ( = 110) fed zilpaterol hydrochloride (ZH) for 0 or 20 d prior to harvest. Steers were harvested in 28-d increments beginning at 254 d on feed (DOF) and ending at 534 DOF. After harvest and a 36-h chill period, carcasses were evaluated using grading methods standard for the United States (USDA), Canada (Canadian Beef Grading Association [CBGA]), and Japan (Japanese Meat Grading Agency [JMGA]). No ZH treatment differences ( = 0.81) were detected for 12th-rib fat thickness; however, additional DOF resulted in a daily linear increase ( < 0...
December 2016: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046144/endocannabinoids-concentrations-in-plasma-associated-with-feed-efficiency-and-carcass-composition-of-beef-steers
#9
V M Artegoitia, A P Foote, R M Lewis, D A King, S D Shackelford, T L Wheeler, H C Freetly
Endocannabinoids, including anandamide (AEA) and 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG), are a class of endogenous lipid mediators that activate cannabinoids receptors and may be involved in the control of feed intake and energy metabolism. The objective of this study was to quantify AEA and 2-AG in plasma and identify possible associations with production traits and carcass composition in finishing beef steers. Individual DMI and BW gain were measured on 140 Angus-sired steers for 105 d on a finishing ration. Blood samples were collected on d 84 of the experiment, which was 40 d before slaughter...
December 2016: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041857/immunoproteomics-of-tree-of-heaven-ailanthus-atltissima-pollen-allergens
#10
Fateme Mousavi, Ahmad Majd, Youcef Shahali, Farrokh Ghahremaninejad, Raheleh Shokouhi Shoormasti, Zahra Pourpak
: Ailanthus altissima pollen (AAP) is considered as an emerging cause of respiratory allergy in United States, Italy and Iran. However, the allergenic composition of AAP is still unknown and has yet to be characterized. The present study aimed to identify AAP allergens using a proteomics-based approach. For this purpose, optimized AAP protein extracts were analyzed using 1D- and 2D- gel electrophoresis and confronted to twenty sera from individuals with respiratory allergy during the AAP season...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040174/evaluating-the-efficacy-of-beef-slaughter-line-interventions-by-quantifying-the-six-major-non-o157-shiga-toxin-producing-escherichia-coli-serogroups-using-real-time-multiplex-pcr
#11
Kaushi S T Kanankege, Kelly S Anklam, Catherine M Fick, Megan J Kulow, Charles W Kaspar, Barbara H Ingham, Andrew Milkowski, Dörte Döpfer
Six major Shiga toxin producing Escherichia coli (STEC) serogroups: O26, O103, O145, O111, O121, and O45 have been declared as adulterants in federally inspected raw beef in the USA effective June 4th, 2012 in addition to the routinely tested STEC O157: H7. This study tests a real-time multiplex PCR assay and pooling of the samples to optimize the detection and quantification (prevalence and contamination) of six major non-O157 STEC, regardless of possessing Shiga toxins. To demonstrate the practicality, one large-scale slaughter plant (Plant LS) and one small-scale slaughter plant (Plant SS) located in the Mid-Western USA were sampled, in 2011, before the establishment of 2013 USDA laboratory protocols...
May 2017: Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018984/application-of-the-weps-and-sweep-models-to-non-agricultural-disturbed-lands
#12
J Tatarko, S J van Donk, J C Ascough, D G Walker
Wind erosion not only affects agricultural productivity but also soil, air, and water quality. Dust and specifically particulate matter ≤10 μm (PM-10) has adverse effects on respiratory health and also reduces visibility along roadways, resulting in auto accidents. The Wind Erosion Prediction System (WEPS) was developed by the USDA-Agricultural Research Service to simulate wind erosion and provide for conservation planning on cultivated agricultural lands. A companion product, known as the Single-Event Wind Erosion Evaluation Program (SWEEP), has also been developed which consists of the stand-alone WEPS erosion submodel combined with a graphical interface to simulate soil loss from single (i...
December 2016: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993991/induction-of-cold-hardiness-in-an-invasive-herbivore-the-case-of-hemlock-woolly-adelgid-hemiptera-adelgidae
#13
Joseph S Elkinton, Jeffrey A Lombardo, Artemis D Roehrig, Thomas J McAvoy, Albert Mayfield, Mark Whitmore
As a measure of cold hardiness, we tested the supercooling points or freezing temperatures of individual hemlock woolly adelgids (Adelges tsugae Annand) collected from 15 locations across the north to south range of the adelgid in eastern North America at different times during two winters. Adelgids from the northern interior locations with USDA hardiness zones of 5B-6B had lower supercooling points than adelgids from more southern or more coastal locations (zones 7A and 6B), where minimum winter temperatures were higher...
December 19, 2016: Environmental Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990340/implementation-of-a-food-insecurity-screening-and-referral-program-in-student-run-free-clinics-in-san-diego-california
#14
Sunny Smith, David Malinak, Jinnie Chang, Maria Perez, Sandra Perez, Erica Settlecowski, Timothy Rodriggs, Ming Hsu, Alexandra Abrew, Sofia Aedo
Food insecurity is associated with many poor health outcomes yet is not routinely addressed in clinical settings. The purpose of this study was to implement a food insecurity screening and referral program in Student-run Free Clinics (SRFC) and to document the prevalence of food insecurity screening in this low-income patient population. All patients seen in three SRFC sites affiliated with one institution in San Diego, California were screened for food insecurity using the 6-item United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Food Security Survey between January and July 2015 and referred to appropriate resources...
March 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987523/culture-methods-impact-recovery-of-antibiotic-resistant-enterococci-including-enterococcus-cecorum-from-pre-and-post-harvest-chicken
#15
M M Suyemoto, Hjb Barnes, L B Borst
Pathogenic strains of Enterococcus cecorum (EC) expressing multidrug resistance have emerged. In National Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring System (NARMS) data, EC is rarely recovered from chickens. Two NARMS methodologies (FDA, USDA) were compared with standard culture (SC) techniques for recovery of EC. NARMS methods failed to detect EC in 58 cecal samples, 20 chicken breast or 6 whole broiler samples. EC was recovered from 1 of 38 (2.6%) and 2 of 38 (5.2%) pre-harvest spinal lesions (USDA and FDA method respectively)...
December 17, 2016: Letters in Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987365/evaluation-of-the-performance-of-the-iq-check-kits-and-the-usda-microbiology-laboratory-guidebook-methods-for-detection-of-shiga-toxin-producing-e-coli-stec-and-stec-and-salmonella-simultaneously-in-ground-beef
#16
Gian Marco Baranzoni, Pina M Fratamico, Federica Boccia, Lori K Bagi, Gwang-Hee Kim, Aniello Anastasio, Tiziana Pepe
AIMS: To evaluate the performance of the IQ-Check kits and the USDA Microbiology Laboratory Guidebook (MLG) methods for detection of the top 7 Shiga toxin-producing E. coli (STEC) (O157:H7, O26, O45, O103, O111, O121, and O145) in ground beef and both STEC and Salmonella in co-inoculated samples. METHODS AND RESULTS: Ground beef samples inoculated with ~10 CFU of STEC or both STEC and S. Typhimurium were stored at 4°C for 72 h, followed by screening with the IQ-Check and BAX System kit (MLG) methods that employ different enrichment media...
December 17, 2016: Journal of Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986474/phosphatidyl-hydroxytyrosol-and-phosphatidyl-tyrosol-bilayer-properties
#17
Kervin O Evans, David L Compton
Hydroxytyrosol and tyrosol phospholipids were enzymatically synthesized and investigated for their bilayer properties. Dynamic light scattering demonstrated that hand extrusion at 100nm consistently resulted in liposomes of nearly 85nm diameter for both phosphatidyl-hydroxytyrosol (DOPHT) and phosphatidyl-tyrosol (DOPT). Transmission electron microscopy showed DOPT and DOPHT liposomes extruded at 100-nm to be spherical and non-distinctive from one another. Zeta potential measurements resulted in surface charges<-25mV, demonstrating both DOPT and DOPHT form highly stable liposomes...
December 14, 2016: Chemistry and Physics of Lipids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981465/area-based-fuzzy-membership-forest-cover-comparison-between-modis-npp-and-forest-inventory-and-analysis-fia-across-eastern-u-s-forest
#18
Youngsang Kwon, Bradley Wayne Baker
This research assessed the accuracy of the moderate resolution imaging spectroradiometer's (MODIS) land cover classification of softwood and hardwood using a fuzzy-based approach for 31 easternmost states in the U.S. Our main objective was to quantitatively evaluate spatially explicit land cover classifications of MODIS net primary product (NPP) scheme using the USDA Forest Service's (FS) field-based, tree-specific Forest Inventory Analysis (FIA). We used a grid of 648 km(2) hexagons as base mapping units and interpreted our results at the USDA FS level IV ecological regions...
January 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979077/genotypic-diversity-and-environmental-stability-of-starch-physicochemical-properties-in-the-usda-rice-mini-core-collection
#19
Kehu Li, Jinsong Bao, Harold Corke, Mei Sun
The USDA rice mini-core collection consists of 217 accessions representative of a world-wide germplam bank. We investigated its genotypic diversity in starch physicochemical properties and the effects of genotype, environment and G×E interaction in this study. High genotypic diversity was found in all 18 measured starch quality traits in the mini-core rice in two location-years in China. Genotype, environment and G×E effects on these traits were analysed using 115 common accessions successfully produced in both environments...
April 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974309/analytical-ingredient-content-and-variability-of-adult-multivitamin-mineral-products-national-estimates-for-the-dietary-supplement-ingredient-database
#20
Karen W Andrews, Janet M Roseland, Pavel A Gusev, Joel Palachuvattil, Phuong T Dang, Sushma Savarala, Fei Han, Pamela R Pehrsson, Larry W Douglass, Johanna T Dwyer, Joseph M Betz, Leila G Saldanha, Regan L Bailey
BACKGROUND: Multivitamin/mineral products (MVMs) are the dietary supplements most commonly used by US adults. During manufacturing, some ingredients are added in amounts exceeding the label claims to compensate for expected losses during the shelf life. Establishing the health benefits and harms of MVMs requires accurate estimates of nutrient intake from MVMs based on measures of actual rather than labeled ingredient amounts. OBJECTIVES: Our goals were to determine relations between analytically measured and labeled ingredient content and to compare adult MVM composition with Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDAs) and Tolerable Upper Intake Levels...
December 14, 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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