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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731641/macronutrient-content-and-food-exchanges-for-48-greek-mediterranean-dishes
#1
Paraskevi Detopoulou, Maria Aggeli, Elena Andrioti, Maria Detopoulou
AIM: The purpose of the present study was to facilitate the translation of traditional Greek Mediterranean recipes into food exchanges for diabetes. Moreover, it provides a useful food list for meal planning, which can be used by health professionals and nutritionists, as well as researchers and the public. METHODS: A total of 48 traditional Greek Mediterranean dishes were selected in order to include appetisers, sauces, salads, pies, dishes with vegetables and legumes as well as egg, pasta, rice, meat, fish and poultry-based dishes...
April 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727109/national-beef-quality-audit-2016-in-plant-survey-of-carcass-characteristics-related-to-quality-quantity-and-value-of-fed-steers-and-heifers
#2
C A Boykin, L C Eastwood, M K Harris, D S Hale, C R Kerth, D B Griffin, A N Arnold, J D Hasty, K E Belk, D R Woerner, R J Delmore, J N Martin, D L VanOverbeke, G G Mafi, M M Pfeiffer, T E Lawrence, T J McEvers, T B Schmidt, R J Maddock, D D Johnson, C C Carr, J M Scheffler, T D Pringle, A M Stelzleni, J Gottlieb, J W Savell
The National Beef Quality Audit (NBQA)-2016 used in-plant cooler assessments to benchmark the current status of the fed steer and heifer beef industry in the United States. In-plant cooler assessments ( = 9,106 carcasses) were conducted at 30 facilities, where approximately 10% of a single day's production were evaluated for USDA quality grade (QG) and yield grade (YG) factors. Frequencies of evaluated traits were 66.5% steer and 33.4% heifer sex classes and 82.9% native, 15.9% dairy-type, and 1.2% estimated breed types...
July 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727107/national-beef-quality-audit-2016-survey-of-carcass-characteristics-through-instrument-grading-assessments
#3
C A Boykin, L C Eastwood, M K Harris, D S Hale, C R Kerth, D B Griffin, A N Arnold, J D Hasty, K E Belk, D R Woerner, R J Delmore, J N Martin, D L VanOverbeke, G G Mafi, M M Pfeiffer, T E Lawrence, T J McEvers, T B Schmidt, R J Maddock, D D Johnson, C C Carr, J M Scheffler, T D Pringle, A M Stelzleni, J Gottlieb, J W Savell
The instrument grading assessment portion of the National Beef Quality Audit (NBQA) - 2016 allows the unique opportunity to evaluate beef carcass traits over the course of a year. One week of instrument grading data was collected each month from 5 beef processing corporations encompassing 18 facilities from January 2016 through December 2016 ( = 4,544,635 carcasses). Mean USDA yield grade (YG) was 3.1 with 1.37 cm fat thickness (FT), 88.9 cm LM area, 393.6 kg HCW, and 2.1% KPH. Frequency distribution of USDA YG was 9...
July 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727037/assessment-of-objective-measures-of-beef-steak-juiciness-and-their-relationships-to-sensory-panel-juiciness-ratings
#4
L W Lucherk, T G O'Quinn, J F Legako, R J Rathmann, J C Brooks, M F Miller
The objective of this study was to evaluate multiple instrumental measures of beef juiciness and determine their relationships with sensory panel juiciness ratings. Treatments were selected to maximize variation in juiciness and included 5 USDA quality grades (Prime, upper two-thirds Choice, lower one-third Choice, Select, and Standard) as well as 2 enhanced Select treatments (112 and 107% of the initial raw weight) and were prepared to 3 degrees of doneness (DOD; rare [66°C], medium [71°C], and well done [77°C])...
June 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724483/using-white-tailed-deer-odocoileus-virginianus-in-infectious-disease-research
#5
Mitchell V Palmer, Rebecca J Cox, W Ray Waters, Tyler C Thacker, Diana L Whipple
Between 1940 and 2004, more than 335 emerging infectious disease events were reported in the scientific literature. The majority (60%) of these events involved zoonoses, most of which (72%) were of wildlife origin or had an epidemiologically important wildlife host. Because this trend of increasing emerging diseases likely will continue, understanding the pathogenesis, transmission, and diagnosis of these diseases in the relevant wildlife host is paramount. Achieving this goal often requires using wild animals as research subjects, which are vastly different from the traditional livestock or laboratory animals used by most universities and institutions...
July 1, 2017: Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science: JAALAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724063/evaluation-of-genetic-diversity-and-host-resistance-to-stem-rust-in-usda-nsgc-durum-wheat-accessions
#6
Shiaoman Chao, Matthew N Rouse, Maricelis Acevedo, Agnes Szabo-Hever, Harold Bockelman, J Michael Bonman, Elias Elias, Daryl Klindworth, Steven Xu
The USDA-ARS National Small Grains Collection (NSGC) maintains germplasm representing global diversity of small grains and their wild relatives. To evaluate the utility of the NSGC durum wheat ( L. ssp. ) accessions, we assessed genetic diversity and linkage disequilibrium (LD) patterns in a durum core subset containing 429 lines with spring growth habit originating from 64 countries worldwide. Genetic diversity estimated using wheat single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers showed considerable diversity captured in this collection...
July 2017: Plant Genome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704140/capitalizing-on-federal-agencies-intentions-to-protect-youth-working-in-agriculture
#7
Dennis J Murphy
Nearly 750,000 youth on working on farms across the United States. The U.S. Department of Labor's (U.S. DOL) Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) Hazardous Occupations Orders for Agriculture (HOOA) applies to approximately 37% of these youth. The HOOA regulations had not been updated since their inception in the late 1960s and early 1970s. An attempt by U.S. DOL to update the regulations in 2011 was met with fierce opposition by the agricultural community, and the proposed updated regulations were withdrawn. One impactful outcome of these two events was a rededication by USDA and the farm community to address agricultural youth farm safety through education rather than through regulation...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701220/identification-of-qtl-with-large-effect-on-seed-weight-in-a-selective-population-of-soybean-with-genome-wide-association-and-fixation-index-analyses
#8
Long Yan, Nicolle Hofmann, Shuxian Li, Marcio Elias Ferreira, Baohua Song, Guoliang Jiang, Shuxin Ren, Charles Quigley, Edward Fickus, Perry Cregan, Qijian Song
BACKGROUND: Soybean seed weight is not only a yield component, but also a critical trait for various soybean food products such as sprouts, edamame, soy nuts, natto and miso. Linkage analysis and genome-wide association study (GWAS) are two complementary and powerful tools to connect phenotypic differences to the underlying contributing loci. Linkage analysis is based on progeny derived from two parents, given sufficient sample size and biological replication, it usually has high statistical power to map alleles with relatively small effect on phenotype, however, linkage analysis of the bi-parental population can't detect quantitative trait loci (QTL) that are fixed in the two parents...
July 12, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699401/student-hunger-on-campus-food-insecurity-among-college-students-and-implications-for-academic-institutions
#9
Devon C Payne-Sturges, Allison Tjaden, Kimberly M Caldeira, Kathryn B Vincent, Amelia M Arria
PURPOSE: To estimate the prevalence of food insecurity among students at a large mid-Atlantic publicly funded university; examine the association between food insecurity, demographic characteristics, potential financial risk factors, and self-reported physical and mental health and academic performance; and identify possible risk factors for food insecurity. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Large, public mid-Atlantic university. PARTICIPANTS: Two hundred thirty-seven undergraduate students...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694327/efficacy-of-nutritional-interventions-to-lower-circulating-ceramides-in-young-adults-fruvedomic-pilot-study
#10
Alice T Mathews, Oluremi A Famodu, Melissa D Olfert, Pamela J Murray, Christopher F Cuff, Marianne T Downes, Norman J Haughey, Sarah E Colby, Paul D Chantler, I Mark Olfert, Joseph W McFadden
The 2010 USDA Dietary Guidelines for Americans (DGA) recommends a diet largely composed of fruit and vegetables. Consuming a diet high in fruit and vegetables and low in refined carbohydrates and saturated fat may reduce an individual's risk for type 2 diabetes, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, low-grade chronic inflammation, and metabolic syndrome (MetS). Several recent studies have implicated the bioactive sphingolipid ceramide as an associative and causative biomarker for the development of these conditions...
July 2017: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693668/mesorhizobium-helmanticense-sp-nov-isolated-from-lotus-corniculatus-nodules
#11
Marta Marcos-García, Esther Menéndez, Marta Helena Ramírez-Bahena, Pedro F Mateos, Álvaro Peix, Encarna Velazquez, Raúl Rivas
In this study, three strains belonging to the genus Mesorhizobium, CSLC115NT, CSLC19N and CSLC37N, isolated from Lotus corniculatus nodules in Spain, were characterized. Their 16S rRNA gene sequences were closely related to those of Mesorhizobium metallidurans STM 2683T, Mesorhizobium tianshanense A-1BST, Mesorhizobium tarimense CCBAU 83306T, Mesorhizobium gobiense CCBAU 83330T and Mesorhizobium caraganae CCBAU 11299T with similarity values higher than 99.7 %. The analysis of concatenated recA and glnII genes showed that the most closely related type strains were M...
July 10, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691173/successes-and-challenges-in-school-meal-reform-qualitative-insights-from-food-service-directors
#12
Yuka Asada, Margaret Ziemann, Lara Zatz, Jamie Chriqui
BACKGROUND: The Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010 (HHFKA) directed the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) to revise school meal standards to increase healthy food offerings. A critical stakeholder in the implementation of standards is Food Service Directors (FSDs). We sought to examine FSDs' perspectives on revised school meal standards to gain insight into successful implementation strategies. METHODS: Semistructured interviews were conducted with FSDs (N = 9) from high schools that had achieved HealthierUS Schools Challenge: Smarter Lunchrooms (HUSSC: SL) status...
August 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676593/the-relationship-between-food-insecurity-and-esophageal-and-gastric-cancers-a-case-control-study
#13
Milad Daneshi-Maskooni, Mahtab Badri-Fariman, Nahal Habibi, Ahmadreza Dorosty-Motlagh, Hashem Yavari, Arvin Kashani, Mostafa Hosseini
BACKGROUND: Food insecurity is defined as the limited or uncertain availability of enough food for permanent active and healthy life. Upper gastrointestinal (GI) cancers (esophagus and stomach) are one of five most common cancers in Iran. This study aimed to determine the association of food insecurity and upper GI cancers in newly diagnosed patients. STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study. METHODS: Overall, 120 patients with upper GI cancers as cases and 120 patients with orthopedic, ear-nose-throat (ENT), and neurologic diseases as controls were recruited from Imam Khomeini Hospital, Tehran, Iran in 2013...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666476/household-food-insecurity-and-dietary-patterns-in-rural-and-urban-american-indian-families-with-young-children
#14
Emily J Tomayko, Kathryn L Mosso, Kate A Cronin, Lakeesha Carmichael, KyungMann Kim, Tassy Parker, Amy L Yaroch, Alexandra K Adams
BACKGROUND: High food insecurity has been demonstrated in rural American Indian households, but little is known about American Indian families in urban settings or the association of food insecurity with diet for these families. The purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence of food insecurity in American Indian households by urban-rural status, correlates of food insecurity in these households, and the relationship between food insecurity and diet in these households. METHODS: Dyads consisting of an adult caregiver and a child (2-5 years old) from the same household in five urban and rural American Indian communities were included...
June 30, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666232/investigating-tangible-and-mental-resources-as-predictors-of-perceived-household-food-insecurity-during-pregnancy-among-women-in-a-south-african-birth-cohort-study
#15
Jennifer A Pellowski, Whitney Barnett, Caroline C Kuo, Nastassja Koen, Heather J Zar, Dan J Stein
RATIONALE: Food insecurity during pregnancy is concerning given the increased nutritional needs of the mother for proper fetal development. However, research is lacking within the South African context to investigate the association of economic and psychosocial factors and food insecurity among pregnant women, using comprehensive, conceptually driven models. OBJECTIVE: This study applies the Network-Individual-Resource (NIR) Model to investigate individual, intimate dyadic, and family level predictors of perceived household food insecurity for pregnant women...
June 20, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649571/impact-of-built-up-litter-and-commercial-antimicrobials-on-salmonella-and-campylobacter-contamination-of-broiler-carcasses-processed-at-a-pilot-mobile-poultry-processing-unit
#16
KaWang Li, Lacey Lemonakis, Brian Glover, Joseph Moritz, Cangliang Shen
The small-scale mobile poultry-processing unit (MPPU) produced raw poultry products are of particular food safety concern due to exemption of USDA poultry products inspection act. Limited studies reported the microbial quality and safety of MPPU-processed poultry carcasses. This study evaluated the Salmonella and Campylobacter prevalence in broiler ceca and on MPPU-processed carcasses and efficacy of commercial antimicrobials against Campylobacter jejuni on broilers. In study I, straight-run Hubbard × Cobb broilers (147) were reared for 38 days on clean-shavings (CS, 75) or built-up-litter (BUL, 72) and processed at an MPPU...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648263/usda-s-food-nutrition-and-consumer-services-helps-bring-regional-and-local-foods-to-consumers
#17
Tricia L Psota, Jacqueline Higgins, Kurtria Watson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644456/usda-inspection-data-what-a-difference-a-decade-makes
#18
B Taylor Bennett, Matthew R Bailey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 23, 2017: Lab Animal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642772/assessment-of-five-chilling-tolerance-traits-and-gwas-mapping-in-rice-using-the-usda-mini-core-collection
#19
Michael R Schläppi, Aaron K Jackson, Georgia C Eizenga, Aiju Wang, Chengcai Chu, Yao Shi, Naoki Shimoyama, Debbie L Boykin
Rice (Oryza sativa L.) is often exposed to cool temperatures during spring planting in temperate climates. A better understanding of genetic pathways regulating chilling tolerance will enable breeders to develop varieties with improved tolerance during germination and young seedling stages. To dissect chilling tolerance, five assays were developed; one assay for the germination stage, one assay for the germination and seedling stage, and three for the seedling stage. Based on these assays, five chilling tolerance indices were calculated and assessed using 202 O...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632453/survey-of-polychlorinated-dibenzo-p-dioxins-polychlorinated-dibenzofurans-and-non-ortho-polychlorinated-biphenyls-in-u-s-meat-and-poultry-from-2012-2013-toxic-equivalency-levels-patterns-temporal-trends-and-implications
#20
Sara J Lupton, Margaret O'Keefe, Jorge G Muñiz-Ortiz, Nelson Clinch, Pat Basu
The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) conducts a statistically-based survey of the domestic meat supply (beef, pork, chicken, and turkey) to determine current levels of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs), polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs), and non-ortho-polychlorinated biphenyls (no-PCBs) every five years. Fat samples for each slaughter class were collected from U.S. federally licensed slaughter facilities. The samples were processed and analyzed for 17 PCDD/Fs and 3 no-PCBs. The sum of PCDD, PCDF, and no-PCB toxic equivalencies (sum-TEQ) calculated using 2005 toxic equivalency factors for all slaughter classes, ranged from non-detect (nd) to 6...
June 20, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
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