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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921869/simplified-and-age-appropriate-recommendations-for-added-sugars-in-children
#1
M I Goran, S L Riemer, T L Alderete
Excess sugar intake increases risk for obesity and related comorbidities among children. The World Health Organization (WHO), American Heart Association (AHA) and the 2015 USDA dietary recommendations have proposed guidelines for added sugar intake to reduce risk for disease. WHO and USDA recommendations are presented as a percentage of daily calories from added sugar. This approach is not easily understood or translated to children, where energy needs increase with age. The AHA recommendation is based on a fixed value of 25 g of added sugar for all children 2-19 years of age...
September 18, 2017: Pediatric Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910339/genome-wide-association-mapping-of-resistance-to-phytophthora-sojae-in-a-soybean-glycine-max-l-merr-germplasm-panel-from-maturity-groups-iv-and-v
#2
Jun Qin, Qijian Song, Ainong Shi, Song Li, Mengchen Zhang, Bo Zhang
Phytophthora sojae, an oomycete pathogen of soybean, causes stem and root rot, resulting in annual economic loss up to $2 billion worldwide. Varieties with P. sojae resistance are environmental friendly to effectively reduce disease damages. In order to improve the resistance of P. sojae and broaden the genetic diversity in Southern soybean cultivars and germplasm in the U.S., we established a P. sojae resistance gene pool that has high genetic diversity, and explored genomic regions underlying the host resistance to P...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895870/protection-of-commercial-turkeys-following-inactivated-or-recombinant-h5-vaccine-application-against-the-2015u-s-h5n2-clade-2-3-4-4-highly-pathogenic-avian-influenza-virus
#3
Darrell R Kapczynski, Matthew J Sylte, Mary L Killian, Mia K Torchetti, Klaudia Chrzastek, David L Suarez
Between December 2014 and June 2015, North America experienced the largest recorded foreign animal disease outbreak with over 47 million poultry dead or euthanized from viral exposure to a clade 2.3.4.4 H5 highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) epizootic. Soon after the epizootic began, the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) began testing the efficacy of different vaccines as a possible future control strategy. The aim of these studies were to evaluate the efficacy three H5 vaccines to aid in control of HPAI in commercial turkeys...
September 2017: Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892141/novel-insights-on-population-and-range-edge-dynamics-using-an-unparalleled-spatiotemporal-record-of-species-invasion
#4
Kristine Grayson, Derek M Johnson
Quantifying the complex spatial dynamics taking place at range edges is critical for understanding future distributions of species, yet very few systems have sufficient data or the spatial resolution to empirically test these dynamics. This paper reviews how data from a large-scale pest management program have provided important contributions to the fields of population dynamics and invasion biology. The invasion of gypsy moth (Lymantria dispar) is well-documented from its introduction near Boston, Massachusetts USA in 1869 to its current extent of over 900,000 km(2) in Eastern North America...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Animal Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889851/the-affordability-of-myplate-an-analysis-of-snap-benefits-and-the-actual-cost-of-eating-according-to%C3%A2-the-dietary-guidelines
#5
Kranti Mulik, Lindsey Haynes-Maslow
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the funds required to support a MyPlate diet and to estimate the additional costs needed for Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program recipients to adhere to the MyPlate diet. DESIGN: Using the US Department of Agriculture's (USDA's) MyPlate dietary guidelines that specify recommendations for individuals based on age and gender and retail price data from the USDA, the cost of following USDA's MyPlate guidelines for consuming 3 meals daily was estimated for the following individuals: children, adolescents, female adults, male adults, female seniors, male seniors, and a 4-person family...
September 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885050/effects-of-nitrite-and-erythorbate-on-clostridium-perfringens-growth-during-extended-cooling-of-cured-ham
#6
Katie J Osterbauer, Amanda M King, Dennis L Seman, Andrew L Milkowksi, Kathleen A Glass, Jeffrey J Sindelar
To control the growth of Clostridium perfringens in cured meat products, the meat and poultry industries commonly follow stabilization parameters outlined in Appendix B, "Compliance Guidelines for Cooling Heat-Treated Meat and Poultry Products (Stabilization)" ( U.S. Department of Agriculture, Food Safety and Inspection Service [USDA-FSIS], 1999 ) to achieve cooling (54.4 to 4.4°C) within 15 h after cooking. In this study, extended cooling times and their impact on C. perfringens growth were examined. Phase 1 experiments consisted of cured ham with 200 mg/kg ingoing sodium nitrite and 547 mg/kg sodium erythorbate following five bilinear cooling profiles: a control (following Appendix B guidelines: stage A cooling [54...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867083/usda-s-national-food-and-nutrient-analysis-program-nfnap-produces-high-quality-data-for-usda-food-composition-databases-two-decades-of-collaboration
#7
David B Haytowitz, Pamela R Pehrsson
For nearly 20years, the National Food and Nutrient Analysis Program (NFNAP) has expanded and improved the quantity and quality of data in US Department of Agriculture's (USDA) food composition databases (FCDB) through the collection and analysis of nationally representative food samples. NFNAP employs statistically valid sampling plans, the Key Foods approach to identify and prioritize foods and nutrients, comprehensive quality control protocols, and analytical oversight to generate new and updated analytical data for food components...
January 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859699/method-modification-for-the-atlas-listeria-environmental-le-detection-assay-using-foodchek-actero-listeria-enrichment-media-and-half-fraser-media-for-the-detection-of-listeria-spp-from-environmental-surfaces
#8
Brett Maroni, Tucker Lopez, Cambria Neal, Sarah Verver, Celina Puente, Jannelle Lauffer, Joseph Garcia, Bettina Groschel, Erin Dreyling, W Evan Chaney, Ben Bastin, Patrick Bird, M Joseph Benzinger, James Agin, David Goins, Upasana Hariram, Yi Chen, Elliot Ryser, Michael Brodsky
Two candidate method modifications for the Atlas Listeria Environmental LE Detection Assay were compared with the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)-Food Safety and Inspection Service Microbiology Laboratory Guidebook 8.09 (MLG 8.09) method for detection of Listeria spp. on stainless steel, polyvinyl chloride (PVC), and sealed concrete surfaces. For LE candidate method 1, samples were enriched in FoodChek Actero Listeria Enrichment Media [ALEM; Performance Tested Method(SM) (PTM) 111201] at 35 ± 2°C for 18 to 24 h and evaluated for a range of analytical sample volumes...
August 31, 2017: Journal of AOAC International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853104/the-association-of-household-food-insecurity-and-the-risk-of-calcium-oxalate-stones
#9
Hamid Shafi, Ahmad-Reza Dorosty Motlagh, Mohammad Bagherniya, Atefeh Daeezadeh, Mohammad Safarian
PURPOSE: Food insecurity has been defined as 'limited or uncertain availability of nutritionally adequate and safe foods', which associated with adverse health consequences in human. Another alarming condition, which is related to several comorbidities is kidney stone. This study aimed to determine the association of household food insecurity and developing kidney stones (calcium oxalate) in adults referred to medical centers of Babol. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This case-control study included 200 participants 18-65 years of ages (100 cases, 100 controls)...
August 29, 2017: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846812/optimal-inspection-of-imports-to-prevent-invasive-pest-introduction
#10
Cuicui Chen, Rebecca S Epanchin-Niell, Robert G Haight
The United States imports more than 1 billion live plants annually-an important and growing pathway for introduction of damaging nonnative invertebrates and pathogens. Inspection of imports is one safeguard for reducing pest introductions, but capacity constraints limit inspection effort. We develop an optimal sampling strategy to minimize the costs of pest introductions from trade by posing inspection as an acceptance sampling problem that incorporates key features of the decision context, including (i) simultaneous inspection of many heterogeneous lots, (ii) a lot-specific sampling effort, (iii) a budget constraint that limits total inspection effort, (iv) inspection error, and (v) an objective of minimizing cost from accepted defective units...
August 28, 2017: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846186/puccinia-coronata-f-sp-avenae-a-threat-to-global-oat-production
#11
Eric S Nazareno, Feng Li, Madeleine Smith, Robert F Park, Shahryar F Kianian, Melania Figueroa
Puccinia coronata f. sp. avenae (Pca) causes crown rust disease in cultivated and wild oat (Avena spp.). The significant yield losses inflicted by this pathogen makes crown rust the most devastating disease in the oat industry. Puccinia coronata f. sp. avenae is a basidiomycete fungus with an obligate biotrophic lifestyle and is classified as a typical macrocyclic and heteroecious fungus. The asexual phase in the life cycle of Pca occurs in oat while the sexual phase occurs primarily in Rhamnus species as the alternate host...
August 28, 2017: Molecular Plant Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830355/the-porcine-translational-research-database-a-manually-curated-genomics-and-proteomics-based-research-resource
#12
Harry D Dawson, Celine Chen, Brady Gaynor, Jonathan Shao, Joseph F Urban
BACKGROUND: The use of swine in biomedical research has increased dramatically in the last decade. Diverse genomic- and proteomic databases have been developed to facilitate research using human and rodent models. Current porcine gene databases, however, lack the robust annotation to study pig models that are relevant to human studies and for comparative evaluation with rodent models. Furthermore, they contain a significant number of errors due to their primary reliance on machine-based annotation...
August 22, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28825544/crystal-diagnostics-xpress-%C3%A2-lm-kit-for-the-rapid-detection-of-listeria-monocytogenes-from-environmental-surfaces
#13
Curtis H Stumpf, Brian Bullard, Weidong Zhoa, Stephanie Kuzenko-Hentosh, Gary D Niehaus
The Crystal Diagnostics (CDx) Xpress™ LM kit is used for rapid screening of low concentrations of Listeria monocytogenes on environmental surfaces such as stainless steel, plastic, and ceramic tile. In addition to the Xpress LM kit, the CDx Xpress System comprises an automatic Xpress Reader, a BioCassette™ that incorporates antibody-coupled microspheres, and liquid crystal for selective identification of the intended microbe. All 56 of the 56 tested L. monocytogenes strains evaluated were detected, and 50 of the 50 nontarget bacterial strains were excluded when the test was conducted under the described kit conditions...
January 1, 2017: Journal of AOAC International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815317/comparison-of-usda-forest-service-and-stakeholder-motivations-and-experiences-in-collaborative-federal-forest-governance-in-the-western-united-states
#14
Emily Jane Davis, Eric M White, Lee K Cerveny, David Seesholtz, Meagan L Nuss, Donald R Ulrich
In the United States, over 191 million acres of land is managed by the United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service, a federal government agency. In several western U.S. states, organized collaborative groups have become a de facto governance approach to providing sustained input on management decisions on much public land. This is most extensive in Oregon, where at least 25 "forest collaboratives" currently exist. This affords excellent opportunities for studies of many common themes in collaborative governance, including trust, shared values, and perceptions of success...
August 16, 2017: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814532/developmental-process-and-early-phases-of-implementation-for-the-us-interagency-committee-on-human-nutrition-research-national-nutrition-research-roadmap-2016-2021
#15
Sheila E Fleischhacker, Rachel M Ballard, Pamela E Starke-Reed, Deborah A Galuska, Marian L Neuhouser
The Interagency Committee on Human Nutrition Research (ICHNR) is charged with improving the planning, coordination, and communication among federal agencies engaged in nutrition research and with facilitating the development and updating of plans for federal research programs to meet current and future domestic and international needs for nutrition. The ICHNR is co-chaired by the USDA Under Secretary for Research, Education, and Economics and Chief Scientist and the US Department of Health and Human Services Assistant Secretary for Health and is made up of >10 departments and agencies...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812021/association-analysis-of-arsenic-induced-straighthead-in-rice-oryza-sativa-l-based-on-the-selected-population-with-a-modified-model
#16
Xiaobai Li, Biaolin Hu, Xuhao Pan, Ning Zhang, Dianxing Wu
A rice physiological disorder makes mature panicle keep erect with empty grains termed as "straighthead." Straighthead causes yield losses and is a serious threat to rice production worldwide. Here, a new study of association mapping was conducted to identify QTL involved in straighthead. A subset of 380 accessions was selected from the USDA rice core collection and genotyped with 72 genome-wide SSR markers. An optimal model implemented with principle components (PCs) was used in this association mapping. As a result, five markers were identified to be significantly associated with straighthead...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811155/assessing-changes-in-quality-of-life-and-independent-living-and-working-levels-among-agrability-farmers-and-ranchers-with-disabilities
#17
Robert J Fetsch, Danielle M Jackman, Christina L Collins
BACKGROUND: While emerging research has focused on quality of life (QOL) levels among farmers and ranchers with disabilities, much work is still needed on this largely understudied population. The AgrAbility Project, a USDA initiative, offers pragmatic solutions to increase farmers and ranchers with disabilities' QOL and ability to work and live independently (ILW). OBJECTIVES: To assess pretest-posttest changes in farmers and ranchers with disabilities' ILW and QOL levels after participating in AgrAbility, to identify demographic predictors of ILW and QOL (e...
August 8, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809795/pricing-of-staple-foods-at-supermarkets-versus-small-food-stores
#18
Caitlin E Caspi, Jennifer E Pelletier, Lisa J Harnack, Darin J Erickson, Kathleen Lenk, Melissa N Laska
Prices affect food purchase decisions, particularly in lower-income communities, where access to a range of food retailers (including supermarkets) is limited. The aim of this study was to examine differences in staple food pricing between small urban food stores and the closest supermarkets, as well as whether pricing differentials varied based on proximity between small stores and larger retailers. In 2014, prices were measured for 15 staple foods during store visits in 140 smaller stores (corner stores, gas-marts, dollar stores, and pharmacies) in Minneapolis/St...
August 15, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796837/whole-genome-sequence-of-two-rathayibacter-toxicus-strains-reveals-a-tunicamycin-biosynthetic-cluster-similar-to-streptomyces-chartreusis
#19
Aaron J Sechler, Matthew A Tancos, David J Schneider, Jonas G King, Christine M Fennessey, Brenda K Schroeder, Timothy D Murray, Douglas G Luster, William L Schneider, Elizabeth E Rogers
Rathayibacter toxicus is a forage grass associated Gram-positive bacterium of major concern to food safety and agriculture. This species is listed by USDA-APHIS as a plant pathogen select agent because it produces a tunicamycin-like toxin that is lethal to livestock and may be vectored by nematode species native to the U.S. The complete genomes of two strains of R. toxicus, including the type strain FH-79, were sequenced and analyzed in comparison with all available, complete R. toxicus genomes. Genome sizes ranged from 2,343,780 to 2,394,755 nucleotides, with 2079 to 2137 predicted open reading frames; all four strains showed remarkable synteny over nearly the entire genome, with only a small transposed region...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780587/genotyping-by-sequencing-highlights-original-diversity-patterns-within-a-european-collection-of-1191-maize-flint-lines-as-compared-to-the-maize-usda-genebank
#20
Brigitte Gouesnard, Sandra Negro, Amélie Laffray, Jeff Glaubitz, Albrecht Melchinger, Pedro Revilla, Jesus Moreno-Gonzalez, Delphine Madur, Valérie Combes, Christine Tollon-Cordet, Jacques Laborde, Dominique Kermarrec, Cyril Bauland, Laurence Moreau, Alain Charcosset, Stéphane Nicolas
Genotyping by sequencing is suitable for analysis of global diversity in maize. We showed the distinctiveness of flint maize inbred lines of interest to enrich the diversity of breeding programs. Genotyping-by-sequencing (GBS) is a highly cost-effective procedure that permits the analysis of large collections of inbred lines. We used it to characterize diversity in 1191 maize flint inbred lines from the INRA collection, the European Cornfed association panel, and lines recently derived from landraces. We analyzed the properties of GBS data obtained with different imputation methods, through comparison with a 50 K SNP array...
August 5, 2017: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
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