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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531783/prototypical-versus-contemporary-mediterranean-diet
#1
W Rizza, L De Gara, R Antonelli Incalzi, C Pedone
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: To investigate the evolution of the Mediterranean Diet (MD) in a delimited area of Southern Italy, by comparing the diet adopted 60-70 years ago (Prototypical Mediterranean Diet, PMD) with the contemporary one (Contemporary Mediterranean Diet, CMD), and to verify to what extent they fitted the recommendations of the Italian and the USDA dietary guidelines. METHODS: We recruited a total of 106 participants, divided in two groups. PMD group included 52 women aged >80 years, with a good cognitive function and full independence in basic and instrumental activities of daily living...
October 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530689/a-word-from-the-usda
#2
Carol Clarke
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 22, 2017: Lab Animal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503311/a-community-resource-for-exploring-and-utilizing-genetic-diversity-in-the-usda-pea-single-plant-plus-collection
#3
William L Holdsworth, Elodie Gazave, Peng Cheng, James R Myers, Michael A Gore, Clarice J Coyne, Rebecca J McGee, Michael Mazourek
Globally, pea (Pisum sativum L.) is an important temperate legume crop for food, feed and fodder, and many breeding programs develop cultivars adapted to these end-uses. In order to assist pea development efforts, we assembled the USDA Pea Single Plant Plus Collection (PSPPC), which contains 431 P. sativum accessions with morphological, geographic and taxonomic diversity. The collection was characterized genetically in order to maximize its value for trait mapping and genomics-assisted breeding. To that end, we used genotyping-by-sequencing-a cost-effective method for de novo single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) marker discovery-to generate 66 591 high-quality SNPs...
2017: Horticulture Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497727/using-white-tailed-deer-odocoileus-virginianus-in-infectious-disease-research
#4
Mitchell Palmer, Rebecca J Cox, W Ray Waters, Tyler C Thacker, Diana L Whipple
Between 1940 and 2004, more than 335 emerging infectious disease events were reported in the scientific literature. Themajority (60%) of these events involved zoonoses, most of which (72%) were of wildlife origin or had an epidemiologically important wildlife host. Because this trend of increasing emerging diseases likely will continue, understanding the pathogenesis, transmission, and diagnosis of these diseases in the relevant wildlife host is paramount. Achieving this goal often requires using wild animals as research subjects, which are vastly different from the traditional livestock or laboratory animals used by most universities and institutions...
May 11, 2017: Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science: JAALAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475160/dietary-patterns-among-vietnamese-and-hispanic-immigrant-elementary-school-children-participating-in-an-after-school-program
#5
Megan A McCrory, Charles L Jaret, Jung Ha Kim, Donald C Reitzes
Immigrants in the U.S. may encounter challenges of acculturation, including dietary habits, as they adapt to new surroundings. We examined Vietnamese and Hispanic immigrant children's American food consumption patterns in a convenience sample of 63 Vietnamese and Hispanic children in grades four to six who were attending an after school program. Children indicated the number of times they consumed each of 54 different American foods in the past week using a food frequency questionnaire. We ranked each food according to frequency of consumption, compared the intake of foods to the USDA Healthy Eating Pattern, and performed dietary pattern analysis...
May 5, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475153/an-innovative-method-for-monitoring-food-quality-and-the-healthfulness-of-consumers-grocery-purchases
#6
Le-Thuy T Tran, Philip J Brewster, Valliammai Chidambaram, John F Hurdle
This study presents a method laying the groundwork for systematically monitoring food quality and the healthfulness of consumers' point-of-sale grocery purchases. The method automates the process of identifying United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Food Patterns Equivalent Database (FPED) components of grocery food items. The input to the process is the compact abbreviated descriptions of food items that are similar to those appearing on the point-of-sale sales receipts of most food retailers. The FPED components of grocery food items are identified using Natural Language Processing techniques combined with a collection of food concept maps and relationships that are manually built using the USDA Food and Nutrient Database for Dietary Studies, the USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, the What We Eat In America food categories, and the hierarchical organization of food items used by many grocery stores...
May 5, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469549/repeat-24-hour-recalls-and-locally-developed-food-composition-databases-a-feasible-method-to-estimate-dietary-adequacy-in-a-multi-site-preconception-maternal-nutrition-rct
#7
Rebecca L Lander, K Michael Hambidge, Nancy F Krebs, Jamie E Westcott, Ana Garces, Lester Figueroa, Gabriela Tejeda, Adrien Lokangaka, Tshilenge S Diba, Manjunath S Somannavar, Ranjitha Honnayya, Sumera A Ali, Umber S Khan, Elizabeth M McClure, Vanessa R Thorsten, Kristen B Stolka
Background: Our aim was to utilize a feasible quantitative methodology to estimate the dietary adequacy of >900 first-trimester pregnant women in poor rural areas of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Guatemala, India and Pakistan. This paper outlines the dietary methods used. Methods: Local nutritionists were trained at the sites by the lead study nutritionist and received ongoing mentoring throughout the study. Training topics focused on the standardized conduct of repeat multiple-pass 24-hr dietary recalls, including interview techniques, estimation of portion sizes, and construction of a unique site-specific food composition database (FCDB)...
2017: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421086/association-analysis-of-markers-derived-from-starch-biosynthesis-related-genes-with-starch-physicochemical-properties-in-the-usda-rice-mini-core-collection
#8
Kehu Li, Jinsong Bao, Harold Corke, Mei Sun
Rice eating and cooking quality is largely determined by starch physicochemical properties. The diverse accessions in the USDA rice mini-core collection (URMC) facilitate extensive association analysis of starch physicochemical properties with molecular markers specific to starch biosynthesis related genes. To identify significant trait-marker associations that can be utilized in rice breeding programs for improved starch quality, we conducted two association analyses between 26 molecular markers derived from starch biosynthesis related genes and 18 parameters measured of starch physicochemical properties in two sets of the mini-core accessions successfully grown in two environments in China...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419861/agroecological-and-environmental-factors-influence-barley-yellow-dwarf-viruses-in-grasslands-in-the-us-pacific-northwest
#9
Laura L Ingwell, Christelle Lacroix, Paul R Rhoades, Alexander V Karasev, Nilsa A Bosque-Pérez
Plant pathogens can play a role in the competitive interactions between plant species and have been understudied in native prairies, which are declining globally, and in Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) lands in the United States. Barley/Cereal yellow dwarf virus (B/CYDV) are among the most economically important disease-causing agents of small grain cereal crops, such as wheat, and are known to infect over 150 Poaceae species, including many of the grass species present in prairies and CRP lands. Field surveys of Poaceae species were conducted in endangered Palouse Prairie and CRP habitats of southeastern Washington and adjacent northern Idaho, USA from 2010-2012 to examine for the presence of B/CYDV among plant hosts and aphid vectors...
April 15, 2017: Virus Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419145/apomixis-frequency-under-stress-conditions-in-weeping-lovegrass-eragrostis-curvula
#10
Juan Manuel Rodrigo, Diego Carlos Zappacosta, Juan Pablo Selva, Ingrid Garbus, Emidio Albertini, Viviana Echenique
To overcome environmental stress, plants develop physiological responses that are triggered by genetic or epigenetic changes, some of which involve DNA methylation. It has been proposed that apomixis, the formation of asexual seeds without meiosis, occurs through the temporal or spatial deregulation of the sexual process mediated by genetic and epigenetic factors influenced by the environment. Here, we explored whether there was a link between the occurrence of apomixis and various factors that generate stress, including drought stress, in vitro culture, and intraspecific hybridization...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417432/evaluating-community-measures-of-healthy-food-access
#11
Melissa L Santorelli, Janice O Okeke
Several community level measures of healthy food access exist, but evaluation efforts have been limited leaving uncertainty about how to prioritize communities for intervention. This study aimed to assess several existing measures to inform statewide public health planning efforts in New Jersey, USA. We assessed agreement between community measures of healthy food access and then evaluated the predictive validity of each measure by describing its association with complete fruit and vegetable cash-value voucher redemption (proportion redeemed ≥70, ≥80, ≥90%) among 30,078 low-income households participating in the New Jersey Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) during 2013-2014...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415075/hopbase-a-unified-resource-for-humulus-genomics
#12
Steven T Hill, Ramcharan Sudarsanam, John Henning, David Hendrix
Hop (Humulus lupulus L. var lupulus) is a dioecious plant of worldwide significance, used primarily for bittering and flavoring in brewing beer. Studies on the medicinal properties of several unique compounds produced by hop have led to additional interest from pharmacy and healthcare industries as well as livestock production as a natural antibiotic. Genomic research in hop has resulted a published draft genome and transcriptome assemblies. As research into the genomics of hop has gained interest, there is a critical need for centralized online genomic resources...
January 1, 2017: Database: the Journal of Biological Databases and Curation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411150/comparative-diagnostic-efficacy-of-recombinant-llo-and-pi-plc-based-elisas-for-detection-of-listeriosis-in-animals
#13
Rahul D Suryawanshi, Satya Veer Singh Malik, Bhushan Jayarao, Sandeep P Chaudhari, Emily Savage, Jess Vergis, Nitin V Kurkure, Sukhadeo B Barbuddhe, Deepak B Rawool
The present study for the first time evaluates the serodiagnostic efficacy of two recombinant antigens namely, listeriolysin O (rLLO) and phosphatidyl-inositol phospholipase C (rPI-PLC). Indirect ELISA with the above recombinant antigens was used on samples collected from bovines (n=106), goats (n=138) and pigs (n=92) having either a history of abortion, emaciation and/or apparently healthy animals. Isolation of Listeria was attempted from the blood samples using USDA-FSIS method. On screening of test sera by rLLO-based ELISA, antibodies against anti-listeriolysin O (ALLO) were observed in goats (22...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Microbiological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402187/detection-and-isolation-of-the-top-seven-shiga-toxin-producing-escherichia-coli-in-ground-beef-comparison-of-rapidfinder-kits-to-the-u-s-department-of-agriculture-microbiology-laboratory-guidebook-method
#14
Pina M Fratamico, Lori K Bagi, Aisha Abdul-Wakeel
Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) O157:H7 and serogroups O26, O45, O103, O111, O121, and O145 are often referred to as the "top seven" STEC, and these have been declared to be adulterants in beef by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS). The aim of this work was to compare the methods described in the USDA FSIS Microbiology Laboratory Guidebook (MLG) to a two-stage Applied Biosystems RapidFinder STEC real-time PCR method to test for the top seven STEC in raw ground beef...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399273/house-flies-in-the-confined-cattle-environment-carry-non-o157-shiga-toxin-producing-escherichia-coli
#15
R Puri-Giri, A Ghosh, J L Thomson, L Zurek
Cattle manure is one of the primary larval developmental habitats of house flies, Musca domestica (L.). Cattle serve as asymptomatic reservoirs of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC), and bacteria are released into the environment in cattle feces. The USDA-FSIS declared seven STEC serogroups (O157, O26, O45, O103, O145, O121, and O111) as adulterants in beef products. In addition, the serogroup O104 was a culprit of a large outbreak in Germany in 2011. Our study aimed to assess the prevalence of seven non-O157 STEC (O26, O45, O145, O103, O121, O111, and O104) serogroups in adult house flies...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Medical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384184/assessing-biosynthetic-potential-of-agricultural-groundwater-through-metagenomic-sequencing-a-diverse-anammox-community-dominates-nitrate-rich-groundwater
#16
William B Ludington, Thaddeus D Seher, Olin Applegate, Xunde Li, Joseph I Kliegman, Charles Langelier, Edward R Atwill, Thomas Harter, Joseph L DeRisi
BACKGROUND: Climate change produces extremes in both temperature and precipitation causing increased drought severity and increased reliance on groundwater resources. Agricultural practices, which rely on groundwater, are sensitive to but also sources of contaminants, including nitrate. How agricultural contamination drives groundwater geochemistry through microbial metabolism is poorly understood. METHODS: On an active cow dairy in the Central Valley of California, we sampled groundwater from three wells at depths of 4...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382838/potato-chips-cookies-and-candy-oh-my-public-commentary-on-proposed-rules-regulating-competitive-foods
#17
Lauren M Dinour, Antoinette Pole
BACKGROUND: The Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010 authorizes the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) to establish nutritional standards for all foods sold in schools participating in federally funded meal programs. These foods, known as competitive foods, are commonly found in school cafeterias, vending machines, fundraisers, and snack bars and are associated with unhealthy dietary patterns. However, little is known about the regulatory process and opportunities for public participation to improve school food...
April 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380589/effects-of-feeding-condensed-distiller-s-solubles-and-crude-glycerin-alone-or-in-combination-on-finishing-beef-cattle-performance-carcass-characteristics-and-in-vitro-fermentation
#18
C P Weiss, W W Gentry, N A Cole, F T McCollum, J S Jennings
Two experiments were conducted to evaluate the effects of feeding condensed distiller's solubles (DS) and crude glycerin alone or in combination on performance of finishing beef cattle and in vitro fermentation. In both experiments, dietary treatments consisted of a steam-flaked corn-based diet with 0% DS or crude glycerin (CON), 10% DS (CDS), 10% crude glycerin (GLY), or a combination of 5% DS and 5% crude glycerin (C+G) included on a DM basis. All treatment diets contained 15% (DM basis) wet distiller's grains plus solubles...
February 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380547/potential-adherence-of-flue-gas-desulfurization-gypsum-to-forage-as-a-consideration-for-excessive-ingestion-by-ruminants
#19
H A Torbert, R L Chaney, D B Watts
Gypsum (calcium sulfate dihydrate, CaSO⋅2HO) has long been used to improve soils and crop production, and its use has recently been encouraged by the USDA-NRCS for soil conservation through a new Conservation Practice Standard: Code 333. However, there is concern regarding the adverse effects of excessive direct ingestion of sulfate in gypsum by ruminants. The standard requires ruminants to be removed from grazing after application until after a rainfall, but there has been no research documenting gypsum adherence to forage or the potential for rainfall to reduce gypsum adherence...
March 2017: Journal of Environmental Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379524/evaluation-of-usda-approved-antimicrobials-on-the-reduction-of-salmonella-and-campylobacter-in-ground-chicken-frames-and-their-effect-on-meat-quality
#20
A Moore, R Nannapaneni, A Kiess, C S Sharma
The main objective of this study was to examine the efficacy of USDA approved antimicrobials in reducing Salmonella Heidelberg (S. H.) and Campylobacter jejuni (C. j.) in ground chicken frames and to determine the treatment effects on total aerobic counts and meat color. Six antimicrobials (0.1% peracetic acid [PAA], 0.6% cetylpyridinium chloride [CPC], 0.005% sodium hypochlorite, 1.5% acidified lactic acid [ALA], 0.3% propionic acid, and 0.1% lauric arginate [LAE]) applied as dip treatments were evaluated in their efficacy in reducing S...
March 31, 2017: Poultry Science
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