keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

USDA

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286298/simple-purification-of-nicotiana-benthamiana-produced-recombinant-colicins-high-yield-recovery-of-purified-proteins-with-minimum-alkaloid-content-supports-the-suitability-of-the-host-for-manufacturing-food-additives
#1
Anett Stephan, Simone Hahn-Löbmann, Fred Rosche, Mirko Buchholz, Anatoli Giritch, Yuri Gleba
Colicins are natural non-antibiotic bacterial proteins with a narrow spectrum but an extremely high antibacterial activity. These proteins are promising food additives for the control of major pathogenic Shiga toxin-producing E. coli serovars in meats and produce. In the USA, colicins produced in edible plants such as spinach and leafy beets have already been accepted by the U. S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and U. S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) as food-processing antibacterials through the GRAS (generally recognized as safe) regulatory review process...
December 29, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281013/characterization-of-a-novel-miia-domain-containing-protein-mdce-in-bradyrhizobium-spp
#2
David Durán, Juan Imperial, José Palacios, Tomás Ruiz-Argüeso, Michael Göttfert, Susanne Zehner, Luis Rey
Several genes coding for proteins with metal ion-inducible autocleavage (MIIA) domains were identified in type III secretion system tts gene clusters from draft genomes of recently isolated Bradyrhizobium spp. MIIA domains have been first described in the effectors NopE1 and NopE2 of Bradyrhizobium diazoefficiens USDA 110. All identified genes are preceded by tts box promoter motifs. The identified proteins contain one or two MIIA domains. A phylogenetic analysis of 35 MIIA domain sequences from 16 Bradyrhizobium strains revealed four groups...
December 21, 2017: FEMS Microbiology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274486/tellurite-resistance-profiles-and-performance-of-different-chromogenic-agars-for-detection-of-non-o157-shiga-toxin-producing-escherichia-coli
#3
Ruyue Fan, Xiangning Bai, Shanshan Fu, Yanmei Xu, Hui Sun, Hong Wang, Yanwen Xiong
Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) are globally important food-borne pathogens. The isolation of non-O157 STEC is a significant public health challenge due to the dramatic diversity of their phenotypes and genotypes. In the present study, 476 non-O157 STEC strains representing 95 different O-serogroups were used to evaluate tellurite resistance and the performance of 12 different chromogenic agars. Of 476 strains, only 108 (22.7%) strains showed the minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) values for potassium tellurite being higher than 4μg/ml, and 96 (20...
December 17, 2017: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232072/child-nutrition-programs-flexibilities-for-milk-whole-grains-and-sodium-requirements-interim-final-rule
#4
(no author information available yet)
This interim final rule extends through school year 2018-2019 three menu planning flexibilities currently available to many Child Nutrition Program operators, giving them near-term certainty about Program requirements and more local control to serve nutritious and appealing meals to millions of children nationwide. These flexibilities include: Providing operators the option to offer flavored, low-fat (1 percent fat) milk in the Child Nutrition Programs; extending the State agencies' option to allow individual school food authorities to include grains that are not whole grain-rich in the weekly menu offered under the National School Lunch Program (NSLP) and School Breakfast Program (SBP); and retaining Sodium Target 1 in the NSLP and SBP...
November 30, 2017: Federal Register
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230079/development-of-a-food-composition-database-to-monitor-changes-in-packaged-foods-and-beverages
#5
Jennifer M Poti, Emily Yoon, Bridget Hollingsworth, Jessica Ostrowski, Julie Wandell, Donna R Miles, Barry M Popkin
In order to monitor nutritional changes in the US food supply and assess potential impact on individual dietary intake, an approach was developed to enhance existing standard food composition tables with time-varying product- and brand-specific information for barcoded packaged foods. A "Crosswalk" was formed between barcoded products and USDA foodcodes in a time-specific manner, such that sales-weighted average nutritional profiles were generated for each foodcode based on corresponding products (275,000 to 350,000 per 2-year cycle)...
December 2017: Journal of Food Composition and Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223935/-iron-intake-and-hfe-gen-in-male-adults-from-buenos-aires
#6
Ana L Felipoff, Silvana J Fleischman, M Luján Donadío, Vanesa Sebastiano, Marcelo Castro, Alejandra Vellicce, Jorge A Rey, Marta M Lardo, Silvia H Langini
Excess iron (Fe) intake in subjects carrying certain mutations in the HFE gene may result in Fe overload. To estimate risk of Fe overload, 166 male blood donors (19-65 years) from Buenos Aires city were investigated. Daily Fe intake (FeI), hem Fe intake, and Fe intake from SO4Fe enriched flours were estimated (SARA Computer Program and Food Composition Table, USDA). Serum ferritin and transferrin saturation were determined; criteria for Fe overload was serum ferritin > 300 ng/ml and transferrin saturation = 50%...
2017: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213314/field-grown-mir156-transgenic-switchgrass-reproduction-yield-global-gene-expression-analysis-and-bioconfinement
#7
Chelsea R Johnson, Reginald J Millwood, Yuhong Tang, Jiqing Gou, Robert W Sykes, Geoffrey B Turner, Mark F Davis, Yi Sang, Zeng-Yu Wang, C Neal Stewart
Background: Genetic engineering has been effective in altering cell walls for biofuel production in the bioenergy crop, switchgrass (Panicum virgatum). However, regulatory issues arising from gene flow may prevent commercialization of engineered switchgrass in the eastern United States where the species is native. Depending on its expression level, microRNA156 (miR156) can reduce, delay, or eliminate flowering, which may serve to decrease transgene flow. In this unique field study of transgenic switchgrass that was permitted to flower, two low (T14 and T35) and two medium (T27 and T37) miR156-overexpressing 'Alamo' lines with the transgene under the control of the constitutive maize (Zea mays) ubiquitin 1 promoter, along with nontransgenic control plants, were grown in eastern Tennessee over two seasons...
2017: Biotechnology for Biofuels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204787/the-complete-genome-sequence-of-a-third-distinct-baculovirus-isolated-from-the-true-armyworm-mythimna-unipuncta-contains-two-copies-of-the-lef-7-gene
#8
Robert L Harrison, Joseph D Mowery, Daniel L Rowley, Gary R Bauchan, David A Theilmann, George F Rohrmann, Martin A Erlandson
A baculovirus isolate from a USDA Forest Service collection was characterized by electron microscopy and analysis of its genome sequence. The isolate, formerly referred to as Pseudoletia (Mythimna) sp. nucleopolyhedrovirus #7 (MyspNPV#7), was determined by barcoding PCR to derive from the host species Mythimna unipuncta (true armyworm) and was renamed Mythimna unipuncta nucleopolyhedrovirus #7 (MyunNPV#7). The occlusion bodies (OBs) and virions exhibited a size and morphology typical for OBs produced by the species of genus Alphabaculovirus, with occlusion-derived virions consisting of 2-5 nucleocapsids within a single envelope...
December 4, 2017: Virus Genes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202697/genetic-diversity-and-association-mapping-of-mineral-element-concentrations-in-spinach-leaves
#9
Jun Qin, Ainong Shi, Beiquan Mou, Michael A Grusak, Yuejin Weng, Waltram Ravelombola, Gehendra Bhattarai, Lingdi Dong, Wei Yang
BACKGROUND: Spinach is a useful source of dietary vitamins and mineral elements. Breeding new spinach cultivars with high nutritional value is one of the main goals in spinach breeding programs worldwide, and identification of single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers for mineral element concentrations is necessary to support spinach molecular breeding. The purpose of this study was to conduct a genome-wide association study (GWAS) and to identify SNP markers associated with mineral elements in the USDA-GRIN spinach germplasm collection...
December 4, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190770/genetic-diversity-and-population-structure-analysis-of-spinach-by-single-nucleotide-polymorphisms-identified-through-genotyping-by-sequencing
#10
Ainong Shi, Jun Qin, Beiquan Mou, James Correll, Yuejin Weng, David Brenner, Chunda Feng, Dennis Motes, Wei Yang, Lingdi Dong, Gehendra Bhattarai, Waltram Ravelombola
Spinach (Spinacia oleracea L., 2n = 2x = 12) is an economically important vegetable crop worldwide and one of the healthiest vegetables due to its high concentrations of nutrients and minerals. The objective of this research was to conduct genetic diversity and population structure analysis of a collection of world-wide spinach genotypes using single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) markers. Genotyping by sequencing (GBS) was used to discover SNPs in spinach genotypes. Three sets of spinach genotypes were used: 1) 268 USDA GRIN spinach germplasm accessions originally collected from 30 countries; 2) 45 commercial spinach F1 hybrids from three countries; and 3) 30 US Arkansas spinach cultivars/breeding lines...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179392/recommended-usda-food-patterns
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167763/questionnaire-based-prevalence-of-food-insecurity-in-iran-a-review-article
#12
REVIEW
Milad Daneshi-Maskooni, Sakineh Shab-Bidar, Mahtab Badri-Fariman, Erfan Aubi, Younes Mohammadi, Sadegh Jafarnejad, Kurosh Djafarian
Background: Data on the questionnaire-based prevalence of food insecurity are needed to develop food and nutrition security studies and policies. The present study aimed to assess the questionnaire-based prevalence of food insecurity in Iran. Methods: A systematic search of cross-sectional studies were conducted on databases including PubMed, Google Scholar, Scopus, Magiran, Iranmedex, SID and Medlib up to 29 Oct 2015. Estimation of food insecurity prevalence was according to the instruments including 9-items-HFIAS, 18 and 6-items USDA (US-HFSSM) and Radimer/Cernel food security questionnaires...
November 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161619/the-application-of-ultrasound-and-enzymes-in-textile-processing-of-greige-cotton
#13
REVIEW
Michael Easson, Brian Condon, Andres Villalpando, SeChin Chang
A review is reported herein of the research progress made at the USDA's Southern Regional Research Center to provide an ultrasound and enzymatic alternative to the current textile processing method of scouring greige cotton textile with caustic chemicals. The review covers early efforts to measure pectin and wax removal from greige cotton textiles using standard wicking methodology and further describes an investigation of newly discovered polygalacturonase enzymes as bioscouring agents. Additional research is reviewed involving efforts to characterize and optimize the ultrasound-enhanced enzymatic scouring process through a statistical examination of the operating parameters of power, enzyme concentration, ultrasonic frequency and time...
November 13, 2017: Ultrasonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145872/correction-to-a-review-of-virulent-newcastle-disease-viruses-in-the-united-states-and-the-role-of-wild-birds-in-viral-persistence-and-spread
#14
Vienna R Brown, Sarah N Bevins
After publication of the article [1], it has been brought to our attention that Newcastle disease virus was incorrectly labeled as a Tier 1 USDA Select Agent. Newcastle disease virus is a USDA Select Agent but it is not a Tier 1 agent.
November 16, 2017: Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140663/a-recipe-for-justice-support-for-a-federal-food-justice-interagency-working-group
#15
Melanie Pugh
Systemic social justice issues are characterized as having complex and far-reaching causes. Food justice is one such an issue. Food justice is defined as “justice for all [people] in the food system,” from agricultural production to consumer products. Policies seeking to remedy systemic social justice issues often need to include the attention of many levels of government and coordination across multiple agencies to move issues forward. That is why finding a model for interagency collaboration that has evidenced success, especially over the long-term, is inspiring and worth mirroring...
2017: Food and Drug Law Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140660/assessing-the-relative-influence-and-efficacy-of-public-and-private-food-safety-regulation-regimes-comparing-codex-and-global-g-a-p-standards
#16
Sam F Halabi, Ching-Fu Lin
An extensive global system of private food regulation is under construction, one that exceeds conventional regulation thought of as being driven by public authorities like FDA and USDA in the U.S. or the Food Standards Agency in the UK. Agrifood and grocer organizations, in concert with some farming groups, have been the primary designers of this new food regulatory regime. These groups have established alliances that compete with national regulators in complex ways. This article analyzes the relationship between public and private sources of food safety regulation by examining standards adopted by the Codex Alimentarius Commission, a food safety organization jointly run by the Food and Agricultural Organization and the World Health Organization and GlobalG...
2017: Food and Drug Law Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138030/aspergillus-candidus-is-a-newly-recognized-source-of-sphaeropsidin-a-isolation-semi-synthetic-derivatization-and-anticancer-evaluation
#17
Yan Li, Robert Scott, Annie R Hooper, Geoffrey A Bartholomeusz, Alexander Kornienko, Gerald F Bills
This report details a search for alternative strains that produce the diterpenoid sphaeropsidin A (SphA) among A. candidus strains from the USDA Northern Regional Research Laboratories Culture Collection. We identified two strains that produced SphA using a limited set of test media. An initial scaled-up fermentation of NRRL 313 and isolation effort led to the procurement of sufficient quantities of SphA to prepare five semi-synthetic analogues (1-5) and evaluate their anticancer effects against glioblastoma cells D423 and Gli56 grown in 2D and 3D cultures...
November 4, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135909/food-swamps-predict-obesity-rates-better-than-food-deserts-in-the-united-states
#18
Kristen Cooksey-Stowers, Marlene B Schwartz, Kelly D Brownell
This paper investigates the effect of food environments, characterized as food swamps, on adult obesity rates. Food swamps have been described as areas with a high-density of establishments selling high-calorie fast food and junk food, relative to healthier food options. This study examines multiple ways of categorizing food environments as food swamps and food deserts, including alternate versions of the Retail Food Environment Index. We merged food outlet, sociodemographic and obesity data from the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Food Environment Atlas, the American Community Survey, and a commercial street reference dataset...
November 14, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130712/-development-of-a-food-composition-database-for-valoration-of-dietary-intake-in-peruvian-amazon
#19
María García Rodríguez, Rafael Moreno Rojas, Manuel Romero Saldaña, Guillermo Molina Recio
AIM: The aim of this study was the development of a specific food composition database of Peruvian Amazonia with which value the dietary intake of the population. METHODOLOGY: An observational surveying study has been performed at which 303 individuals aged 3-83 years were selected. To compiling a register of basic food reminders of 24 hours (R24) and frequency foods consumption questionnaires (FFQ) over a four-year period were collected, and were complemented by the National Household Budget Survey...
October 24, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110968/a-quantitative-assessment-of-the-effectiveness-of-usda-s-agrability-project
#20
Robert J Fetsch, Philip Turk
BACKGROUND: There is evidence that the combination of assistive technology and education increases ability to live and work independently, which in turn increases the quality of life (QOL) levels of adults with disabilities. No previously published treatment-comparison group intervention studies were found with adult farmers and ranchers with disabilities. Knowing how effective USDA's AgrAbility Project is at increasing this population's QOL and independent living and working (ILW) levels will reinforce and inform change in AgrAbility and will provide outcomes for stakeholders and public decision makers to better address agricultural communities' needs...
October 16, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
keyword
keyword
87627
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"