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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103638/music-interventions-for-acquired-brain-injury
#1
REVIEW
Wendy L Magee, Imogen Clark, Jeanette Tamplin, Joke Bradt
BACKGROUND: Acquired brain injury (ABI) can result in impairments in motor function, language, cognition, and sensory processing, and in emotional disturbances, which can severely reduce a survivor's quality of life. Music interventions have been used in rehabilitation to stimulate brain functions involved in movement, cognition, speech, emotions, and sensory perceptions. An update of the systematic review published in 2010 was needed to gauge the efficacy of music interventions in rehabilitation for people with ABI...
January 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067575/perceptual-judgments-of-resonance-nasal-airflow-understandability-and-acceptability-in-speakers-with-cleft-palate-ordinal-versus-visual-analogue-scaling
#2
Sarah Castick, Rachael-Anne Knight, Debbie Sell
OBJECTIVE:   To investigate the reliability of ordinal versus visual analogue scaling (VAS) ratings for perceptual judgments of nasal resonance, nasal airflow, understandability, and acceptability in speakers with cleft palate. DESIGN:   Within-subjects comparative study. SETTING:   Multisite. PARTICIPANTS:   Five specialist speech and language therapists from U.K. Regional Cleft Centres. OUTCOME MEASURES:   Participants rated 30 audio speech samples obtained from the Speech and Language Therapy archives of Great Ormond Street Hospital...
January 2017: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049390/assessment-practices-of-irish-speech-and-language-therapists-in-the-evaluation-of-voice-disorders
#3
Ciarán Kenny
It is commonly accepted that the evaluation of voice disorders ought to include extensive perceptual, psychometric, and instrumental measurements. This serves to encapsulate the wide-reaching effects of such a disorder, from the physical impairment in voice production to the psycho-social impact of having a dysphonic voice. In spite of this, no international gold standard exists by which voice disorders should be evaluated, and so speech and language therapists (SLTs) are often tasked with developing an assessment battery for use in their own clinics...
April 2017: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041902/intervention-by-speech-therapists-to-promote-oral-intake-of-patients-with-acute-stroke-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#4
Tomoko Nakazora, Junko Maeda, Konosuke Iwamoto, Sayori Hanashiro, Yoshikazu Nakamura, Tetsuhito Kiyozuka, Kazuhisa Domen
OBJECTIVE: Early rehabilitation for acute stroke patients is widely recommended. We tested the hypothesis that daily intervention by speech therapists promotes safe oral intake of patients with acute stroke. METHODS: We analyzed hospitalized patients who experienced cerebral infarction and cerebral hemorrhage and who underwent rehabilitation between October 2010 and September 2014 at our hospital. In total, 936 patients were analyzed, and 452 patients underwent daily speech therapy...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28036004/sensing-technologies-for-autism-spectrum-disorder-screening-and-intervention
#5
John-John Cabibihan, Hifza Javed, Mohammed Aldosari, Thomas W Frazier, Haitham Elbashir
This paper reviews the state-of-the-art in sensing technologies that are relevant for Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) screening and therapy. This disorder is characterized by difficulties in social communication, social interactions, and repetitive behaviors. It is diagnosed during the first three years of life. Early and intensive interventions have been shown to improve the developmental trajectory of the affected children. The earlier the diagnosis, the sooner the intervention therapy can begin, thus, making early diagnosis an important research goal...
December 27, 2016: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032402/a-systematic-scoping-review-of-speech-and-language-therapists-public-health-practice-for-early-language-development
#6
REVIEW
Clare Smith, Emma Williams, Karen Bryan
BACKGROUND: There have been calls for speech and language therapists (SLTs) to work within a public-health framework to support language development. Innovative practice is reported, but the range of services remains unknown. Furthermore, the potential impact of public health practice in speech and language therapy on early child development is also currently unknown. A new method in SLT research, systematic scoping reviews enable greater breadth of focus than traditional systematic reviews when identifying innovative practice...
December 29, 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025805/meaningful-words-and-non-words-repetitive-articulatory-rate-oral-diadochokinesis-in-persian-speaking-children
#7
Peyman Zamani, Hossein Rezai, Neda Tahmasebi Garmatani
Repetitive articulatory rate or Oral Diadochokinesis (oral-DDK) shows a guideline for appraisal and diagnosis of subjects with oral-motor disorder. Traditionally, meaningless words repetition has been utilized in this task and preschool children have challenges with them. Therefore, we aimed to determine some meaningful words in order to test oral-DDK in Persian speaking preschool children. Participants were 142 normally developing children, (age range 4-6 years), who were asked to produce /motæka, golabi/ as two meaningful Persian words and /pa-ta-ka/ as non-word in conventional oral-DDK task...
December 26, 2016: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018754/dysphagia-management-and-stroke-units
#8
REVIEW
David G Smithard
Dysphagia is one of the many complications of stroke. It is common and is an independent marker of outcome. Dysphagia management is important. Although the speech and language pathologist is the key worker in dysphagia management, they are supported by all members of the multi-disciplinary team. Stroke patients should be screened on admission for the presence of dysphagia and assessed by the speech and language therapist (or appropriate professional), where indicated investigation should be undertaken to understand the swallowing physiology and to guide treatment...
2016: Current Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991668/silicon-in-pure-gold-theoretical-contributions-and-observations-on-teleanalysis-by-videoconference
#9
Lucio Gutiérrez
Ideas about psychoanalysis via videoconference-videoconference teleanalysis (VT)-are presented with the general understanding that these settings produce a twofold split between various degrees of recognition/negativisation of the absence of the other, on one hand, and the expectation of physical co-presence, on the other. This split has been put forward as dismantling the here, now, with me pre-reflexive unity of the analytic experience. This article suggests that both members of the analytic dyad will seek to reappropriate the experience through a forced ego integration that interferes with accessing states of unintegration in the analytic treatment and produces subtle alterations to symbolisation work...
December 19, 2016: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973929/supports-and-barriers-to-implementation-of-routine-clinical-assessment-for-children-with-cerebral-palsy-a-mixed-methods-study
#10
Claire Kerr, Nora Shields, Lyndsay Quarmby, Karen Roberts, Christine Imms
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to investigate supports and barriers to evidence-based routine clinical assessment of children with cerebral palsy. METHOD: This mixed methods study included physiotherapists, occupational therapists and speech pathologists providing services to children with cerebral palsy (3-18 years) within five organizations across Australia. Four organizations initiated standardized routine clinical data collection (Commencing organizations), and one had previously mandated routine assessment (Comparison organization)...
December 15, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965858/development-and-feasibility-of-a-swallowing-intervention-package-sip-for-patients-receiving-radiotherapy-treatment-for-head-and-neck-cancer-the-sip-study-protocol
#11
Mary Wells, Emma King, Kate Toft, Fiona MacAulay, Joanne Patterson, Nadine Dougall, Nick Hulbert-Williams, Sally Boa, Eleanor Slaven, Julie Cowie, John McGarva, Patricia Gail Niblock, Julie Philp, Justin Roe
BACKGROUND: Head and neck cancer (HNC) is the sixth most common cancer worldwide, and the functional, psychological and social consequences of HNC cancer and its treatment can be severe and chronic. Dysphagia (swallowing problems) affects up to two thirds of patients undergoing combined chemoradiotherapy. Recent reviews suggest that prophylactic swallowing exercises may improve a range of short- and long-term outcomes; however, the importance of psychological and behavioural factors on adherence to swallowing exercises has not been adequately studied...
2016: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927685/influences-on-facial-emotion-recognition-in-deaf-children
#12
Francesc Sidera, Anna Amadó, Laura Martínez
This exploratory research is aimed at studying facial emotion recognition abilities in deaf children and how they relate to linguistic skills and the characteristics of deafness. A total of 166 participants (75 deaf) aged 3-8 years were administered the following tasks: facial emotion recognition, naming vocabulary and cognitive ability. The children's teachers or speech therapists also responded to two questionnaires, one on children's linguistic-communicative skills and the other providing personal information...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925608/active-music-therapy-and-physical-improvements-from-rehabilitation-for-neurological-conditions
#13
Demian Leandro Kogutek, Jeffrey David Holmes, Jessica Adrienne Grahn, Sara G Lutz, Emily Ready
Context • A variety of rehabilitation-based interventions are currently available for individuals with physical impairments resulting from neurological conditions, including physiotherapy, occupational therapy, and speech language pathology. Many individuals find participation in those therapies to be challenging. Alternative therapies have emerged as beneficial adjunctive treatments for individuals undergoing neurological rehabilitation, including music therapy (MT). Objective • The study intended to identify and collate systematically the evidence on MT interventions that address physical improvements in a rehabilitative setting...
October 2016: Advances in Mind-body Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925017/community-health-workers-perceptions-in-relation-to-speech-and-language-disorders
#14
Carla Cristina Lins Santos Knochenhauer, Karina Mary de Paiva Vianna
Purpose: To know the perception of the Community Health Workers (CHW) about the speech and language disorders. Method: Cross-sectional study, which involved a questionnaire with questions related to the knowledge of CHW on speech and language disorders. The research was carried out with CHW allocated in the Centro Sanitary District of Florianópolis. Results: We interviewed 35 CHW, being mostly (80%) female gender, with a average age of 47 years (standard deviation = 2...
November 2016: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917691/impact-a-multifaceted-implementation-for-conversation-partner-training-in-aphasia-in-dutch-rehabilitation-settings
#15
Sandra Wielaert, Mieke W M E van de Sandt-Koenderman, Nina Dammers, Karen Sage
PURPOSE: Exploration of the clinical uptake of a novel conversation partner training (CPT) programme in aphasia in 10 Dutch rehabilitation facilities and identification of its perceived facilitators and barriers in service providers, and the evaluation of the implementation methods used. METHOD: Ten rehabilitation centres took part in a multifaceted implementation of CPT over 13 months. Each centre selected two speech and language therapists to act as knowledge brokers whose role was to raise awareness of CPT in the team and to facilitate getting partners of people with aphasia into the programme...
December 5, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908037/the-structure-of-hindi-stop-consonants
#16
Kushagra Singh, Nachiketa Tiwari
The pronunciation of stop consonants varies markedly with age, gender, accent, etc. Yet by extracting appropriate cues common to these varying pronunciations, it is possible to correctly identify the spoken consonant. In this paper, the structure underlying Hindi stop consonants is presented. This understanding may potentially be used as a "recipe" for their artificial synthesis. Hindi alphabet stops were analyzed for this purpose. This alphabet has an organized and comprehensive inventory of stop consonants, and its consonants invariably terminate with the neutral vowel schwa...
November 2016: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891743/ingressive-speech-errors-a-service-evaluation-of-speech-sound-therapy-in-a-child-aged-4-6
#17
Laura Hrastelj, Rachael-Anne Knight
BACKGROUND: A pattern of ingressive substitutions for word-final sibilants can be identified in a small number of cases in child speech disorder, with growing evidence suggesting it is a phonological difficulty, despite the unusual surface form. Phonological difficulty implies a problem with the cognitive process of organizing speech into sound contrasts. AIMS: To evaluate phonological therapy approaches in the remediation of non-pulmonic speech errors. Thus, adding to evidence concerning the nature of ingressive substitutions and their remediation whilst highlighting their occurrence within child speech disorder population for practising and training speech and language therapists...
November 27, 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859986/effectiveness-of-1-1-speech-and-language-therapy-for-older-children-with-developmental-language-disorder
#18
Susan H Ebbels, Lisa Wright, Sally Brockbank, Caroline Godfrey, Catherine Harris, Hannah Leniston, Kate Neary, Hilary Nicoll, Lucy Nicoll, Jackie Scott, Nataša Marić
BACKGROUND: Evidence of the effectiveness of therapy for older children with (developmental) language disorder (DLD), and particularly those with receptive language impairments, is very limited. The few existing studies have focused on particular target areas, but none has looked at a whole area of a service. AIMS: To establish whether for students with (developmental) language disorder attending a specialist school, 1:1 intervention with an SLT during one school term improves performance on targeted areas, compared with untreated control areas...
November 18, 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857275/the-interdisciplinary-rehabilitation-care-team-and-the-role-of-physical-therapy-in-survivor-exercise
#19
Margaret L McNeely, Naomi Dolgoy, Mona Onazi, Kirsten Suderman
BACKGROUND: Rehabilitation professionals offer expertise in functional assessment, treatment of impairments and functional limitations, and disability prevention. To optimize recovery, and often prior to participating in community-based exercise programming, survivors may need rehabilitation services from a range of healthcare professionals, including physiatrists, nurses, nutritionists, psychologists, and speech, occupational, and physical therapists. OBJECTIVES: Survivors with physical impairments and functional limitations may benefit from interdisciplinary rehabilitation and physical therapy, including tailored therapeutic exercise interventions...
December 1, 2016: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852229/access-timing-and-frequency-of-very-early-stroke-rehabilitation-insights-from-the-baden-wuerttemberg-stroke-registry
#20
Björn Reuter, Christoph Gumbinger, Tamara Sauer, Horst Wiethölter, Ingo Bruder, Curt Diehm, Peter A Ringleb, Werner Hacke, Michael G Hennerici, Rolf Kern
BACKGROUND: While the precise timing and intensity of very early rehabilitation (VER) after stroke onset is still under discussion, its beneficial effect on functional disability is generally accepted. The recently published randomized controlled AVERT trial indicated that patients with severe stroke might be more susceptible to harmful side effects of VER, which we hypothesized is contrary to current clinical practice. We analyzed the Baden-Wuerttemberg stroke registry to gain insight into the application of VER in acute ischemic stroke (IS) and intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) in clinical practice...
November 16, 2016: BMC Neurology
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