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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427970/structured-evaluation-of-glioma-patients-by-an-occupational-therapist-is-our-clinical-examination-enough
#1
Christian Franz Freyschlag, Johannes Kerschbaumer, Daniel Pinggera, Gabriele Bacher, Claudius Thomé
BACKGROUND: Preservation of neurological function is mandatory when offering a surgical intervention to patients with low-grade gliomas (LGG), given that the goal of any treatment is the patient's return to their normal everyday life. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a structured evaluation by an occupational therapist can reveal deficits that might be overseen in routine clinical examination of patients with a surgically treated LGG. METHODS: 20 patients with radiographically suspected LGG have been examined in a standardized fashion at three stages: pre-, postoperatively and three months thereafter...
April 17, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421707/content-analysis-of-the-professional-journal-of-the-royal-college-of-speech-and-language-therapists-iii-1966-2015-into-the-21st-century
#2
Linda Armstrong, Jois Stansfield, Steven Bloch
BACKGROUND: Following content analyses of the first 30 years of the UK speech and language therapy professional body's journal, this study was conducted to survey the published work of the speech (and language) therapy profession over the last 50 years and trace key changes and themes. AIM: To understand better the development of the UK speech and language therapy profession over the last 50 years. METHODS & PROCEDURES: All volumes of the professional journal of the Royal College of Speech and Language Therapists published between 1966 and 2015 (British Journal of Communication Disorders, European Journal of Communication Disorders and International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders) were examined using content analysis...
April 18, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389257/physiotherapy-and-speech-and-language-therapy-intervention-for-chronic-cough
#3
REVIEW
Surinder S Birring, Sarah Floyd, Charles C Reilly, Peter Siu Pan Cho
There are few effective pharmacological therapies available to treat refractory chronic cough. Functional MRI studies of the brain have recently shown that patients with chronic cough have dysfunctional inhibitory control of cough. Self-management therapies delivered by physiotherapists or speech therapists are effective at suppressing cough. They enable patients to consciously suppress the urge to cough. The intervention consists of education, laryngeal hygiene, cough suppression and distraction measures and behaviour modification...
April 4, 2017: Pulmonary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389021/ictal-speech-and-language-dysfunction-in-adult-epilepsy-clinical-study-of-95%C3%A2-seizures
#4
C Dussaule, C Cauquil, C Flamand-Roze, J-P Gagnepain, V Bouilleret, C Denier, P Masnou
PURPOSE: To analyze the semiological characteristics of the language and speech disorders arising during epileptic seizures, and to describe the patterns of language and speech disorders that can predict laterality of the epileptic focus. METHOD: This study retrospectively analyzed 95 consecutive videos of seizures with language and/or speech disorders in 44 patients admitted for diagnostic video-EEG monitoring. Laterality of the epileptic focus was defined according to electro-clinical correlation studies and structural and functional neuroimaging findings...
April 4, 2017: Revue Neurologique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387140/reflections-of-malaysian-parents-of-children-with-developmental-disabilities-on-their-experiences-with-aac
#5
Susheel Joginder Singh, Nur Hazirah Hussein, Rahayu Mustaffa Kamal, Fatimah Hani Hassan
Parents play an important role in the successful implementation of AAC. Previous research has indicated that parents in different countries have varying perceptions about the use of AAC and face different challenges in its implementation. To date, there is limited information about the use of AAC by children in Malaysia or parents' views about its use. The aim of this study was to explore Malaysian parents' perception of AAC and their experience when supporting their children who use AAC. For this study, 12 parents of children with autism spectrum disorder and cerebral palsy were involved in semi-structured individual interviews...
April 7, 2017: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385064/the-assessment-of-language-and-the-emergence-from-disorders-of-consciousness
#6
Amy Pundole, Sarah Crawford
In order to demonstrate emergence from a disorder of consciousness (DoC) an individual is currently required to demonstrate functional object use of two objects, or functional communication defined as accurately answering six yes/no questions on two consecutive occasions (Giacino et al., 2002 ). In practice, experienced speech and language therapists (SLTs) working with this group often focus on facilitating object use or employ other language tasks, since achieving a 100% accurate yes/no response can be difficult for patients following an extensive brain injury due to language and/or cognitive impairments...
April 6, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384484/occupational-therapy-physical-therapy-and-speech-language-pathology-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-patterns-of-therapy-usage-in-a-level-iv-nicu
#7
Katherine Ross, Elizabeth Heiny, Sandra Conner, Patricia Spener, Roberta Pineda
OBJECTIVES: 1) To describe the use of occupational therapy (OT), physical therapy (PT) and speech-language pathology (SLP) services in a level IV neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), 2) to describe predictors of early therapy usage, and 3) to test the hypothesis that more NICU-based therapy will relate to better neurobehavioral outcomes. METHODS: Seventy-nine infants born ≤32 weeks gestation had therapy interventions, as standard of care, tracked across NICU hospitalization...
April 3, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382486/-guideline-conform-diagnostics-for-dysphagia-a%C3%A2-representative-survey-of-speech-therapists-at-certified-stroke-units-in-germany
#8
C M Flader, C Rosendahl, T Günther
BACKGROUND: Almost 260,000 people in Germany suffer from a stroke each year. As a consequence, for more than 60% this leads to dysphagia. In order to prevent secondary diseases, such as pneumonia, malnutrition and dehydration, a differentiated diagnosis by a multiprofessional team in a stroke unit is required. The guidelines in 2015 for diagnosing neurologic dysphagia by the German Society of Neurology recommend a detailed anamnesis, a standardized screening, a clinical swallowing examination and additional instrumental diagnostics...
April 5, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374691/-restoring-of-the-speech-functions-in-patients-with-aphasia-in-the-early-rehabilitation-period-of-ischemic-stroke
#9
S V Kotov, Yu A Belova, M M Shcherbakova, A D Chervinskaya, E V Isakova, T V Volchenkova
AIM: To study the efficacy of combined therapy including daily sessions and two 10-day injections of the drug cellex in patients with aphasia in the early rehabilitation period of ischemic stroke (II). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty patients in the early rehabilitation period of II in the basin of the left middle cerebral artery with moderate to severe aphasia were studied. Twenty patients received combined therapy, including daily sessions with a speech therapist-aphasiologist within 10 days using the improved method, then a self-study using educational materials and two 10-day injections of cellex...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367659/visual-stimuli-in-intervention-approaches-for-pre-schoolers-diagnosed-with-phonological-delay
#10
Cassandra Ferreira Pedro, Marisa Lousada, Andreia Hall, Luis M T Jesus
The aim of this study was to develop and content validate specific speech and language intervention picture cards: The Letter-Sound (L&S) cards. The present study was also focused on assessing the influence of these cards on letter-sound correspondences and speech sound production. An expert panel of six speech and language therapists analysed and discussed the L&S cards based on several criteria previously established. A Speech and Language Therapist carried out a 6-week therapeutic intervention with a group of seven Portuguese phonologically delayed pre-schoolers aged 5;3 to 6;5...
April 3, 2017: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346518/what-do-people-with-aphasia-want-to-be-able-to-say-a-content-analysis-of-words-identified-as-personally-relevant-by-people-with-aphasia
#11
Rebecca Palmer, Helen Hughes, Tim Chater
BACKGROUND: Word finding is a common difficulty for people with aphasia. Targeting words that are relevant to the individual could maximise the usefulness and impact of word finding therapy. AIMS: To provide insights into words that people with aphasia perceive to be personally relevant. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: 100 people with aphasia were each asked to identify 100 words that would be particularly important for them to be able to say. Two speech and language therapist researchers conducted a quantitative content analysis of the words selected...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324139/-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-dysphagia
#12
S Cantemir, A Laubert
Most swallowing problems can be treated, although the treatment depends on the type of dysphagia. A multidisciplinary team of surgeons, phoniatrists, and speech-language therapists is necessary to develop the appropriate treatment strategy. A thorough medical history, clinical investigation of the swallowing muscles, and fiberoptic endoscopic evaluation of swallowing with foods of different consistencies help to decide whether swallowing exercises alone are sufficient, or whether an additional pharmacologic or surgical treatment is needed to prevent aspiration, malnutrition, and dehydration...
March 21, 2017: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323747/supporting-a-youth-with-cerebellar-ataxia-into-adolescence
#13
Veronica Meneses, Zurisadai Gonzalez-Castillo, Veronica B Edgar, Marilyn Augustyn
Zoe, a 13-year-old white girl, presents as a new patient to your pediatric clinic with complaints of frequent emesis, anxiety, and learning problems, and previous diagnosis of cerebellar ataxia. Parents accompany Zoe and state, "it is really hard for her to go out, she gets sick and falls easily." She was born full term by vaginal delivery without complications. Given globally delayed milestones, she received early intervention services. Feeding problems began at infancy, including gastroesophageal reflux and aspiration pneumonia...
April 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300956/hearing-and-speech-sciences-in-educational-environment-mapping-in-brazil-education-work-and-professional-experience
#14
Letícia Corrêa Celeste, Graziela Zanoni, Bianca Queiroga, Luciana Mendonça Alves
Purpose: To map the profile of Brazilian Speech Therapists who report acting in Educational Speech Therapy, with regard to aspects related to training, performance and professional experience. Methods: Retrospective study, based on secondary database analysis of the Federal Council of Hearing and Speech Sciences on the questionnaires reporting acting with Educational Environment. Results: 312 questionnaires were completed, of which 93.3% by women aged 30-39 years...
March 9, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300955/prototype-app-for-voice-therapy-a-peer-review
#15
Paula Lavaissiéri, Paulo Eduardo Damasceno Melo
Purpose: Voice speech therapy promotes changes in patients' voice-related habits and rehabilitation. Speech-language therapists use a host of materials ranging from pictures to electronic resources and computer tools as aids in this process. Mobile technology is attractive, interactive and a nearly constant feature in the daily routine of a large part of the population and has a growing application in healthcare. To develop a prototype application for voice therapy, submit it to peer assessment, and to improve the initial prototype based on these assessments...
March 9, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286867/a-technology-prototype-system-for-rating-therapist-empathy-from-audio-recordings-in-addiction-counseling
#16
Bo Xiao, Chewei Huang, Zac E Imel, David C Atkins, Panayiotis Georgiou, Shrikanth S Narayanan
Scaling up psychotherapy services such as for addiction counseling is a critical societal need. One challenge is ensuring quality of therapy, due to the heavy cost of manual observational assessment. This work proposes a speech technology-based system to automate the assessment of therapist empathy-a key therapy quality index-from audio recordings of the psychotherapy interactions. We designed a speech processing system that includes voice activity detection and diarization modules, and an automatic speech recognizer plus a speaker role matching module to extract the therapist's language cues...
April 2016: PeerJ. Computer Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277332/dysphagia-management-in-tracheostomized-patients-where-are-we-now
#17
Diane Goff
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Tracheostomized patients are medically complex and vulnerable. International attention is now focused on improving the safety and quality of their care. This review summarizes recent evidence in hot-topic areas pertinent to speech and language therapy (SLT) intervention for dysphagia management in tracheostomized patients. RECENT FINDINGS: The management of tracheostomized patients requires a truly multidisciplinary team (MDT) approach. Without this, patients remain tracheostomized and hospitalized for longer and have slower access to MDT members...
March 8, 2017: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264584/clinicians-perspectives-of-therapeutic-alliance-in-face-to-face-and-telepractice-speech-language-pathology-sessions
#18
Anneka Freckmann, Monique Hines, Michelle Lincoln
PURPOSE: To investigate the face validity of a measure of therapeutic alliance for paediatric speech-language pathology and to determine whether a difference exists in therapeutic alliance reported by speech-language pathologists (SLPs) conducting face-to-face sessions, compared with telepractice SLPs or in their ratings of confidence with technology. METHOD: SLPs conducting telepractice (n = 14) or face-to-face therapy (n = 18) completed an online survey which included the Therapeutic Alliance Scales for Children - Revised (TASC-r) (Therapist Form) to rate clinicians' perceptions of rapport with up to three clients...
March 7, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236010/the-comprehensive-icf-core-set-for-head-and-neck-cancer-a-delphi-consensus-survey-among-german-speaking-speech-and-language-therapists
#19
Matthias Engelbarts, Vanessa Schuster, Ulrich Kisser, Carla Sabariego, Marita Stier-Jarmer, Michaela Coenen, Benjamin Philipp Ernst, Sebastian Strieth, Ulrich Harréus, Sven Becker
The "Comprehensive ICF Core Set for Head and Neck Cancer" (ICF-HNC) is an application of the "International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health" (ICF), representing the characteristic spectrum of issues in patients with head and neck cancer (HNC). Our primary aim was to evaluate which categories of the ICF-HNC are dealt with by speech and language therapists (SLTs) in Germany, Austria, and Switzerland. The secondary aim was to identify outcome measures used by SLTs to measure the categories of the ICF-HNC in clinical practice...
February 24, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229515/treatment-integrity-of-elaborated-semantic-feature-analysis-aphasia-therapy-delivered-in-individual-and-group-settings
#20
Vasiliki Kladouchou, Ilias Papathanasiou, Eva A Efstratiadou, Vasiliki Christaki, Katerina Hilari
BACKGROUND & AIMS: This study ran within the framework of the Thales Aphasia Project that investigated the efficacy of elaborated semantic feature analysis (ESFA). We evaluated the treatment integrity (TI) of ESFA, i.e., the degree to which therapists implemented treatment as intended by the treatment protocol, in two different formats: individual and group therapy. METHODS & PROCEDURES: Based on the ESFA manual, observation of therapy videos and TI literature, we developed two ESFA integrity checklists, for individual and group therapy, and used them to rate 15 videos of therapy sessions, delivered by three speech-language therapists (SLTs)...
February 23, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
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