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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150379/changes-in-maxillofacial-morphology-and-velopharyngeal-function-with-two-stage-maxillary-distraction-mandibular-setback-surgery-in-patients-with-cleft-lip-and-palate
#1
T Susami, Y Mori, K Ohkubo, M Takahashi, Y Hirano, H Saijo, T Takato
Maxillary distraction is increasingly used for the correction of severe maxillary retrusion in patients with cleft lip and palate. However, control of the maxillary movement is difficult, and the need to wear visible distractors for a long period of time causes psychosocial problems. A two-stage surgical approach consisting of maxillary distraction and mandibular setback was developed to overcome these problems. In this study, changes in maxillofacial morphology and velopharyngeal function were examined in 22 patients with cleft lip and palate who underwent this two-stage approach...
November 14, 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120667/listening-to-a-patient-an-exploratory-experimental-investigation-into-the-effects-of-vocalization-and-therapist-gender-on-interpreting-clinical-material
#2
Barry Dauphin, Stacey Halverson, Sarah Pouliot, Linda Slowik
Carefully listening to the patient is of paramount importance for psychoanalysis and psychoanalytic psychotherapy. The present study explored whether patient vocalization as well as the gender of the analyst play significant roles in clinical listening. Fifty-one psychoanalysts and psychoanalytic therapists were randomly assigned to listen to one of two dramatized psychoanalytic sessions. The content of the sessions was the same for both versions, but the sessions were dramatized differently. Some differences emerged between the versions, especially on ratings of reality testing, impulse control, pressured speech, patient was confusing, and awareness of imagery...
November 9, 2017: Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116868/a-multiple-group-measurement-scale-for-interprofessional-collaboration-adaptation-and-validation-into-italian-and-german-languages
#3
Fabio Vittadello, Maria Mischo-Kelling, Heike Wieser, Luisa Cavada, Lukas Lochner, Carla Naletto, Verena Fink, Scott Reeves
This article presents a study that aimed to validate a translation of a multiple-group measurement scale for interprofessional collaboration (IPC). We used survey data gathered over a three month period as part of a mixed methods study that explored the nature of IPC in Northern Italy. Following a translation from English into Italian and German the survey was distributed online to over 5,000 health professionals (dieticians, nurses, occupational therapists, physicians, physiotherapists, speech therapists and psychologists) based in one regional health trust...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103155/evaluation-of-swallow-function-in-patients-with-craniofacial-microsomia-a-retrospective-study
#4
Lara S van de Lande, Cornelia J J M Caron, Britt I Pluijmers, Koen F M Joosten, Marloes Streppel, David J Dunaway, Maarten J Koudstaal, Bonnie L Padwa
Craniofacial microsomia (CFM) is characterized by underdevelopment of the structures derived from the first and second pharyngeal arches resulting in aesthetic, psychological, and functional problems including feeding and swallowing difficulties. The aim of this study is to gain more insight into swallowing difficulties in patients with CFM. A retrospective study was conducted in the population of patients diagnosed with CFM at three major craniofacial units. Patients with feeding difficulties and those who underwent video fluoroscopic swallow (VFS) studies were included for further analyses...
November 4, 2017: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082797/adaptive-equipment-use-by-people-with-motor-neuron-disease-in-australia-a-prospective-observational-consecutive-cohort-study
#5
Karol A Connors, Lisa M Mahony, Prue Morgan
PURPOSE: People with motor neuron sisease require adaptive equipment to enhance life quality. This study aimed to examine total and concurrent equipment items prescribed with phenotype consideration. METHODS: A prospective, observational consecutive cohort study was undertaken. Data regarding Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Functional Rating Scale-Revised, phenotype, symptom onset and Functional Independence Measure (inpatients only) was recorded. Equipment utilized was coded by therapist as: speech devices; transfer devices; mobility devices (including power wheelchairs); orthoses; activities of daily living equipment; assisted technology and home modification equipment...
October 28, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081305/survey-of-otolaryngology-services-in-ukraine-and-neighbouring-central-and-eastern-european-countries
#6
M M Verkerk, R Wagner, R Fishchuk, J J Fagan
OBJECTIVE: The present humanitarian crisis in Ukraine is putting strains on its healthcare system. This study aimed to assess services and training in otolaryngology, audiology and speech therapy in Ukraine and its geographical neighbours. METHOD: Survey study of 327 otolaryngologists from 19 countries. RESULTS: Fifty-six otolaryngologists (17 per cent) from 15 countries responded. Numbers of otolaryngologists varied from 3.6 to 12.3 per 100 000 population (Ukraine = 7...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069273/portal-of-the-elderly-development-and-evaluation-of-the-website-with-information-about-the-aging-process-and-the-main-speech-language-and-hearing-disorders-that-affect-the-elderly
#7
Natalia Caroline Favoretto, Natalia Gutierrez Carleto, Aline Megumi Arakawa, Murilo Priori Alcalde, José Roberto Magalhães Bastos, Magali de Lourdes Caldana
PURPOSE: This research aimed to develop and evaluate a website with information on Speech-language therapy area with focus on the aging process. A website containing information with simple language, clear purpose and concise content was designed based on scientific evidence. METHODS: The Flesch Index was used to check the material readability, with 50% of the content corresponding to "easy" and 50% of the content corresponding to "difficult". The website development followed the steps: analysis and planning, modeling, implementation and evaluation...
October 23, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055467/diagnostic-evaluation-of-dysphagia-in-multiple-sclerosis-patients-using-a-persian-version-of-dymus-questionnaire
#8
Sahar Danesh Pajouh, Negin Moradi, Mohammad Jafar Shaterzadeh Yazdi, Seyed Mahmoud Latifi, Mohammad Mehravar, Nastaran Majdinasab, Ali Reza Olapour, Majid Soltani, Fatemeh Khanchezar
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis is a chronic neurological disease that may cause swallowing disorders. Dysphagia is a common problem, which patients with different levels of disability may encounter, but it is usually underestimated; therefore, effective assessments need to be performed before any serious complications. The aim of this study was to identify the frequency and characteristics of dysphagia in multiple sclerosis patients of Khuzestan MS society, using a Persian version of Dysphagia in Multiple Sclerosis (DYMUS) questionnaire...
October 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043925/filipino-therapists-experiences-and-attitudes-of-interprofessional-education-and-collaboration-a-cross-sectional-survey
#9
Michael Palapal Sy
For the past more than 50 years, the World Health Organisation has acknowledged through empirical findings that health workers that learn together work together effectively to provide the best care for their patients. This study aimed to: (1) describe the perceived extent of interprofessional education (IPE) experience among Filipino occupational therapists (OTs), physical therapists (PTs), and speech-language-pathologists (SLPs); (2) identify their attitudes towards interprofessional collaboration (IPC); and (3) compare their attitudes towards IPC according to: prior IPE experience, classification of IPE experience, profession, years of practice, and practice setting...
November 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038719/phenomenological-needs-assessment-of-parents-of-children-with-cochlear-implants
#10
Firoozeh Mostafavi, Seyed Mohammad Mahdi Hazavehei, Mohammad Majid Oryadi-Zanjani, Gholamreza Sharifi Rad, Abbas Rezaianzadeh, Leila Ravanyar
BACKGROUND: The use of cochlear implants has been a remarkable success in reducing disabilities in those with impaired hearing, which have made a significant change in the patients' quality of life. Only by relying on cochlear implants, disabilities cannot be eliminated in the hearing impaired, and, alongside this intervention, rehabilitation practices such as through family and community support are necessary. AIM: To explain the needs of parents of children with cochlear implants to increase the quality of rehabilitation services and family-based interventions...
September 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035068/effects-of-animal-assisted-therapy-on-concentration-and-attention-span-in-patients-with-acquired-brain-injury-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Vanya Gocheva, Margret Hund-Georgiadis, Karin Hediger
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have reported that brain-injured patients frequently suffer from cognitive impairments such as attention and concentration deficits. Numerous rehabilitation clinics offer animal-assisted therapy (AAT) to address these difficulties. The authors' aim was to investigate the immediate effects of AAT on the concentration and attention span of brain-injured patients. METHOD: Nineteen patients with acquired brain injury were included in a randomized, controlled, within-subject trial...
October 16, 2017: Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034828/professional-expertise-amongst-speech-language-therapists-willing-to-share
#12
Bianca N Jackson, Suzanne Carolyn Purdy, Helena Cooper-Thomas
Purpose The current healthcare environment provides several challenges to the existing roles of healthcare professionals. The value of the professional expert is also under scrutiny. The purpose of this paper is to generate a construction of professional expertise amongst practitioners in the current healthcare environment. It used the speech-language therapy community in New Zealand (NZ) as an example. Design/methodology/approach Speech-language therapists currently practicing in NZ completed an online survey including qualitative and quantitative components...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Health Organization and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032918/adults-with-22q11-2-deletion-syndrome-have-a-different-velopharyngeal-anatomy-with-predisposition-to-velopharyngeal-insufficiency
#13
Charles Filip, Davide Impieri, Ingegerd Aagenæs, Corstiaan Breugem, Hans Erik Høgevold, Tone Særvold, Ragnhild Aukner, Kari Lima, Kim Tønseth, Tore G Abrahamsen
AIM: To find out if subjects with 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (DS) have a different velopharyngeal anatomy which could cause velopharyngeal insufficiency (VPI). METHODS: A prospective study of 16 subjects >16 years of age with 22q11.2 DS, without overt cleft palate and without previous VPI surgery, and 48 healthy controls >18 years of age were included in the study. Speech was recorded and scored blindly by two independent senior speech therapists. All 64 individuals had MRI scans, which were analyzed blindly by a consultant radiologist...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031791/biofeedback-in-dysphonia-progress-and-challenges
#14
Geová Oliveira de Amorim, Patrícia Maria Mendes Balata, Laís Guimarães Vieira, Thaís Moura, Hilton Justino da Silva
INTRODUCTION: There is evidence that all the complex machinery involved in speech acts along with the auditory system, and their adjustments can be altered. OBJECTIVE: To present the evidence of biofeedback application for treatment of vocal disorders, emphasizing the muscle tension dysphonia. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted in Scielo, Lilacs, PubMed and Web of Sciences databases, using the combination of descriptors, and admitting as inclusion criteria: articles published in journals with editorial committee, reporting cases or experimental or quasi-experimental research on the use of biofeedback in real time as additional source of treatment monitoring of muscle tension dysphonia or for vocal training...
August 19, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970040/-the-private-pediatrician-in-the-clinical-care-pathway-for-children-affected-by-specific-learning-disorders-in-france
#15
T-N Willig, J P Blanc, R Assathiany
The clinical care pathway for children presenting specific learning disorders, including language, motor coordination, and attention disorders is based on different levels of assessment by the professionals involved. In France, a first step of organization was established in 2002 by founding of a network of structures devoted to clinical assessment of complex cases, research, and teaching for the professionals involved. Although this organization proved to contribute an essential service, the demand largely exceeded the availability of access...
November 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967586/correlation-between-voice-and-auditory-processing
#16
Janine Santos Ramos, Mariza Ribeiro Feniman, Ingrid Gielow, Kelly Cristina Alves Silverio
PURPOSE: To compare and to correlate the performance of women with behavioral dysphonia and without voice disorders in auditory processing tests and in the Voice Tone Reproduction Test (VTRT). METHODS: Forty women aged from 18 to 44 years participated and were divided in two groups: dysphonic (DG) and non-dysphonic (NDG). The participants underwent interview, hearing, otorhinolaryngology and voice assessments (voice record, VTRT through phonetography), and auditory processing assessment-using the Pitch Pattern Sequence (PPS) test and the Duration Pattern Sequence (DPS) test...
September 26, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965663/perceptual-auditory-and-acoustical-analysis-of-the-voices-of-transgender-women
#17
Karine Schwarz, Anna Martha Vaitses Fontanari, Angelo Brandelli Costa, Bianca Machado Borba Soll, Dhiordan Cardoso da Silva, Anna Paula de Sá Villas-Bôas, Carla Aparecida Cielo, Gabriele Rodrigues Bastilha, Vanessa Veis Ribeiro, Maria Elza Kazumi Yamaguti Dorfman, Maria Inês Rodrigues Lobato
Voice is an important gender marker in the transition process as a transgender individual accepts a new gender identity. The objectives of this study were to describe and relate aspects of a perceptual-auditory analysis and the fundamental frequency (F0) of male-to-female (MtF) transsexual individuals. A case-control study was carried out with individuals aged 19-52 years who attended the Gender Identity Program of the Hospital de Clínicas of Porto Alegre. Vocal recordings from the MtF transgender and cisgender individuals (vowel /a:/ and six phrases of Consensus Auditory Perceptual Evaluation Voice [CAPE-V]) were edited and randomly coded before storage in a Dropbox folder...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951127/predictive-factors-for-oropharyngeal-dysphagia-after-prolonged-orotracheal-intubation
#18
Ana Carolina Martins de Oliveira, Amélia Augusta de Lima Friche, Marina Silva Salomão, Graziela Chamarelli Bougo, Laélia Cristina Caseiro Vicente
INTRODUCTION: Lesions in the oral cavity, pharynx and larynx due to endotracheal intubation can cause reduction in the local motility and sensitivity, impairing the swallowing process, resulting in oropharyngeal dysphagia. OBJECTIVE: To verify the predictive factors for the development of oropharyngeal dysphagia and the risk of aspiration in patients with prolonged orotracheal intubation admitted to an intensive care unit. METHODS: This is an observational, analytical, cross-sectional and retrospective data collection study of 181 electronic medical records of patients submitted to prolonged orotracheal intubation...
September 13, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949264/development-and-evaluation-of-a-mobile-aac-a-virtual-therapist-and-speech-assistant-for-people-with-communication-disabilities
#19
Erh-Hsuan Wang, Leming Zhou, Szu-Han Kay Chen, Katya Hill, Bambang Parmanto
PURPOSE: The currently existing Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC) technologies have limitations to produce the best communication rehabilitation outcomes and therefore a better solution is needed. METHOD: In this work, a mobile AAC app was developed based on results from research studies. Sophisticated AAC language programming, embedded training materials, and real-time communication performance reporting were integrated into the app. Two groups of study participants were recruited to participate a usability study and a preliminary feasibility study for the purpose of evaluating this mobile AAC app, respectively...
September 26, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937930/feasibility-of-a-multidisciplinary-caregiving-training-protocol-for-young-caregivers-in-families-with-als
#20
Melinda S Kavanaugh, Megan Howard, Lori Banker-Horner
Feasibility of a multidisciplinary caregiving training protocol for young caregivers in families with ALS. OBJECTIVES: To assess the feasibility of a multidisciplinary young caregiver group training protocol for children and youth who provide care to a family member with ALS. METHOD: Peer group experiential young caregiver model based on theories of self-management and self-efficacy. Training conducted by a multidisciplinary team of therapists in ALS (PT, OT, Speech and social work), as well as assistive device vendors...
September 22, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
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