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speech therapist

Mary Harrison
This article presents findings from a qualitative research study exploring the experiences of early intervention practitioners in a reflective consultation program. Fifteen licensed early childhood special education teachers and speech, occupational, and physical therapists as well as a psychologist from an urban school district participated in interviews discussing their work stressors and involvement with monthly reflective consultation groups. They described a loosely temporal, iterative process which transformed how they thought and felt about both themselves as practitioners and the children and families with whom they worked...
October 19, 2016: Infant Mental Health Journal
Benedicta E Beck-Broichsitter, Jörn Huck, Thomas Küchler, Daniela Hauke, Jürgen Hedderich, Jörg Wiltfang, Stephan T Becker
PURPOSE: The extent of functional impairment after ablative surgery in the orofacial region may be directly reflected in a reduction in Quality of Life. This study intended to compare the patients' perception with an objective functional evaluation of the orofacial system in order to bilaterally distinguish direct influence factors. METHODS: A total of 45 patients were included in this study and were asked to complete the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer Core Questionnaire (EORTC QLQ-30) and the Head and Neck 35 Module (H&N 35)...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
Wednesday Marie A Sevilla, Barbara McElhanon
Enteral nutrition is delivered via the gastrointestinal tract when oral intake is not sufficient to maintain nutrition status. There is evidence that long-term home enteral nutrition (HEN) can be advantageous to pediatric patients by improving quality of life and function. Data from pediatric patients receiving either nasogastric tube or gastrostomy tube feeds indicate good outcomes in terms of maintaining and improving nutrition status as evidenced by anthropometric measurements. As the number of pediatric patients requiring HEN increases, development of an effective program to allow smooth transition to the home is necessary...
October 18, 2016: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
Rita Cardoso, Isabel Guimarães, Helena Santos, Rita Loureiro, Josefa Domingos, Daisy de Abreu, Nilza Gonçalves, Serge Pinto, Joaquim Ferreira
Hypokinetic dysarthria is a common symptom in those with Parkinson's disease (PD); there is currently no standardized or validated tool for assessing speech in this population. To translate into European Portuguese (EP) the FDA-2 and perform a cultural adaptation followed by an evaluation of its psychometric properties in PD in a sample of people with PD in different stages of disease progression. Translation, back-translation, experts' analysis, pre-test and final version test were performed. The EP version of the FDA-2 was administered to 80 people with PD (PwP) with dysarthria, feasibility and acceptability, reliability (internal consistency and inter-rater reliability) and validity (face and convergent) were measured...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Neurology
Imran Petkar, Keith Rooney, Justin W G Roe, Joanne M Patterson, David Bernstein, Justine M Tyler, Marie A Emson, James P Morden, Kathrin Mertens, Elizabeth Miles, Matthew Beasley, Tom Roques, Shreerang A Bhide, Kate L Newbold, Kevin J Harrington, Emma Hall, Christopher M Nutting
BACKGROUND: Persistent dysphagia following primary chemoradiation (CRT) for head and neck cancers can have a devastating impact on patients' quality of life. Single arm studies have shown that the dosimetric sparing of critical swallowing structures such as the pharyngeal constrictor muscle and supraglottic larynx can translate to better functional outcomes. However, there are no current randomised studies to confirm the benefits of such swallow sparing strategies. The aim of Dysphagia/Aspiration at risk structures (DARS) trial is to determine whether reducing the dose to the pharyngeal constrictors with dysphagia-optimised intensity- modulated radiotherapy (Do-IMRT) will lead to an improvement in long- term swallowing function without having any detrimental impact on disease-specific survival outcomes...
October 6, 2016: BMC Cancer
Cara McComish, Kristen Brackett, Maureen Kelly, Christine Hall, Sharon Wallace, Victoria Powell
Pediatric feeding difficulties are complex and multifactorial in nature. Children who need assessment and individualized treatment for complex feeding problems are best served by an interdisciplinary treatment team. The medical, motor, and behavioral approach to treating pediatric feeding problems is presented as an avenue to treatment. By necessity, this approach requires a well-functioning interdisciplinary team, including nurses, physicians, registered dietitians, and feeding therapists (speech-language pathologists, occupational and physical therapists)...
July 2016: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
Marisa Lousada, Margarida Ramalho, Carolina Marques
OBJECTIVE: This paper investigates the effectiveness of the Language Intervention Programme for the treatment of 14 preschool-aged children with primary language impairment. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We used a waiting list control design, in which half the sample (7 children) received immediate intervention with the Language Intervention Programme, whereas the remaining children received treatment after a 4-week delay. The intervention consisted of 8 individual biweekly sessions...
September 30, 2016: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
Marie Orentin, Victorine Quintaine, Alain Yelnik, Marylène Jousse, Leila Tlili, Anna Bernard, Maryse Guillemette
OBJECTIVE: Music therapy enhances awareness of sound perception and musical sensorial experience often highly impaired following a stroke, confirmed by music's neurosciences. The study aims to verify its reception and utility in a Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (PMR) service with professional team and patients. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eleven hospitalized patients were included after stoke (without regular instrumental practice, speech disorder, severe hearing loss nor psychiatric history)...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Véronique Bourg, Anne Descotes, Anne Pagnier, Jacques Griffet, Dominique Plantaz
The Child and Family Hospital of Grenoble is one of the rare university hospitals in France to benefit from the presence of a physician specializing in rehabilitation medicine. This hospital includes both inpatient and outpatient units. During the temporary closure of one department, certain members of the rehabilitation unit were reassigned to the acute care wards of the pediatric department, including physical therapists, occupational therapists, and speech therapists. Over the course of one year, these therapists completed more than 150 interventions in this department, more than half of which were in the hematology and oncology ward...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Marion Castera, Véronique Kuhn, Franck Medina
OBJECTIVE: Anomia is the second most common disorder after episodic memory loss in patients with Alzheimer's disease. Our objective was to develop a speech therapy protocol for patients with Alzheimer's disease (Mini-Mental State Examination or MMSE≥15) and suffering from a lack of words, in order to improve access to words. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: We stimulated the three stages in the men: - stimulation of lexical selection involved working on the multiple meanings of a word, searching for the relevant and specific features of a word in order to make a guess, and bringing to mind a target word from specific features; - stimulation of morphological encoding involved extracting the meaning of a morpheme by comparing two words, one of which is derived from the other, and then identifying the meaning of an affix by slipping it into a sentence; - phonological encoding was stimulated by the isolation of the initial two-syllable words and merging them to form a third word...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Lorena de Almeida Ramos, Ana Cristina Côrtes Gama
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to verify the effects of execution time on auditory-perceptual and acoustic responses in children with dysphonia completing straw phonation exercises. STUDY DESIGN: A randomized, prospective, comparative intra-subject study design was used. METHODS: Twenty-seven children, ranging from 5 to 10 years of age, diagnosed with vocal cord nodules or cysts, were enrolled in the study. All subjects included in the Experimental Group were also included in the Control Group which involved complete voice rest...
September 19, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
Minna Laakso, Sisse Godt
The present study compares the ways in which conversational partners manage expressive linguistic problems produced by participants with fluent vs. non-fluent aphasia. Both everyday conversations with family members and institutional conversations with speech-language therapists were examined. The data consisted of 110 conversational sequences in which the conversational partners addressed expressive aphasic problems. Most problems of the speaker with fluent aphasia were locally restricted phonological and word-finding errors, which were immediately repaired...
September 19, 2016: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
Anna Miles
BACKGROUND: Oesophageal abnormalities are common findings in a speech-language therapy videofluoroscopy clinic. Fluoroscopic screening involving oropharynx alone fails to identify these patients. Oesophageal screening as an adjunct to videofluoroscopy is gaining popularity. Yet currently, little is known about the reliability of speech and language therapists' judgement of the oesophageal phase. AIM: To measure the inter-rater reliability of oesophageal abnormality judgement in speech and language therapists during upright videofluoroscopy...
September 13, 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Leanne Wilson, Brigid McNeill, Gail T Gillon
BACKGROUND: Preliminary studies of inter-professional education (IPE) among student speech-language therapists (SLTs) and student teachers suggest that workshop-based applications are beneficial in preparing participants for elements of collaborative practice. Situating IPE within the students' professional practice placements may provide another useful avenue to develop attitudes, knowledge and skills for inter-professional collaboration. Research examining the impact of different approaches to IPE is required to advance our understanding of effective design and evaluation of such initiatives...
September 13, 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Niklas Norén, Maja Sigurd Pilesjö
Asking a question can be a highly challenging task for a person with multiple disabilities, but questions have not received much attention in research on augmentative and alternative communication (AAC). Conversation analysis is employed to examine an instance of multiparty interaction where a speech and language therapist supports a child with multiple disabilities to ask a question with a communication board. The question is accomplished through a practice where the action is built as a trajectory of interactional steps...
September 9, 2016: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
Sarah Northcott, Alan Simpson, Becky Moss, Nafiso Ahmed, Katerina Hilari
BACKGROUND: The psychosocial impact of stroke and aphasia is considerable. AIMS: To explore UK speech-and-language therapists' (SLTs) clinical practice in addressing the psychological and social needs of people with aphasia, including their experiences of working with mental health professionals. METHODS & PROCEDURES: A 22-item online survey was distributed to UK SLTs via the British Aphasiology Society mailing list and Clinical Excellence Networks...
September 4, 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Thomas Frieling
BACKGROUND: Acute cerebral stroke is a common problem that is frequently associated with dysphagia resulting in an increased risk of aspiration pneumonia, complication, and mortality. METHODS: A literature review was carried out using the search terms 'stroke unit and endoscopy', 'stroke unit and dysphagia', and 'stroke unit and gastroenterology'. RESULTS: Only few papers focus on the role of endoscopy in stroke units. One major role is the early detection of dysphagia by flexible endoscopic evaluation of swallowing (FEES)...
February 2016: Visc Med
Gisselle Gallego, Rebecca Chedid, Angela Dew, Kim Bulkeley, Michelle Lincoln, Anita Bundy, Jennie Brentnall, Craig Veitch
Despite an increasing demand for therapy services, there is a shortage of therapists in rural areas. We describe the existing private therapy workforce in rural western New South Wales (NSW), Australia. A cross-sectional design study, using an online survey, was conducted with occupational and physiotherapists, speech pathologists, and psychologists working in private practice in western NSW. Forty-one private therapists completed the survey. The average years of qualification was 19; 51% worked part-time. Two-thirds (68%) indicated they had adequate access to professional development opportunities...
2016: Journal of Allied Health
Ashley M Adams
This manuscript explores the role of embodied views of language comprehension and production in bilingualism and specific language impairment. Reconceptualizing popular models of bilingual language processing, the embodied theory is first extended to this area. Issues such as semantic grounding in a second language and potential differences between early and late acquisition of a second language are discussed. Predictions are made about how this theory informs novel ways of thinking about teaching a second language...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
Tilley Pain, Gail Kingston, Janet Askern, Rebecca Smith, Sandra Phillips, Leanne Bell
BACKGROUND: Inpatient care is dependent upon the effective transfer of clinical information across multiple professions. However, documented patient clinical information generated by different professions is not always successfully transferred between them. One obstacle to successful information transfer may be the reader's perception of the information, which is framed in a particular professional context, rather than the information per se. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this research was to investigate how different health professionals perceive allied health documentation and to investigate how clinicians of all experience levels across medicine, nursing and allied health perceive and use allied health notes to inform their decision-making and treatment of patients...
August 29, 2016: HIM Journal
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