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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775168/dysphagia-in-supratentorial-recent-small-subcortical-infarcts-results-from-bilateral-pyramidal-tract-damage
#1
Simon Fandler, Thomas Gattringer, Daniela Pinter, Lukas Pirpamer, Florian Borsodi, Sebastian Eppinger, Kurt Niederkorn, Christian Enzinger, Franz Fazekas
Background Dysphagia occurs in up to 20% of patients with a recent small subcortical infarct, even when excluding brainstem infarcts. Aim To examine the impact of lesion topography and concomitant cerebrovascular lesions on the occurrence of dysphagia in patients with a single supratentorial recent small subcortical infarct. Methods We retrospectively identified all inpatients with magnetic resonance imaging-confirmed supratentorial recent small subcortical infarcts over a five-year period. Dysphagia was determined by speech-language therapists...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758127/evaluating-the-impact-of-ebp-education-development-of-a-modified-fresno-test-for-acute-care-nursing
#2
Margo A Halm
BACKGROUND: Proficiency in evidence-based practice (EBP) is essential for relevant research findings to be integrated into clinical care when congruent with patient preferences. Few valid and reliable tools are available to evaluate the effectiveness of educational programs in advancing EBP attitudes, knowledge, skills, or behaviors, and ongoing competency. The Fresno test is one objective method to evaluate EBP knowledge and skills; however, the original and modified versions were validated with family physicians, physical therapists, and speech and language therapists...
May 14, 2018: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728435/case-of-idiopathic-isolated-unilateral-hypoglossal-nerve-palsy-with-spontaneous-recovery
#3
Binay Gurung, Ismail Ahmad Chaudhry, Nawazish Karim, Uttam Nanda
Isolated hypoglossal nerve palsy is uncommon because of its intimate relationship with the other lower cranial nerves. Keane reported that tumours, predominantly malignant, were the most common cause of hypoglossal nerve palsy. We report a case of isolated idiopathic unilateral hypoglossal nerve palsy in a 45-year-old Caucasian male where no cause could be identified despite extensive investigations. There was uncertainty around prognosis at onset due to the rarity of this condition. In the absence of a cause, an early referral to the speech and language therapist was made and interestingly our patient made an almost complete recovery within 18 months of onset...
May 4, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713440/social-robotics-in-therapy-of-apraxia-of-speech
#4
José Carlos Castillo, Diego Álvarez-Fernández, Fernando Alonso-Martín, Sara Marques-Villarroya, Miguel A Salichs
Apraxia of speech is a motor speech disorder in which messages from the brain to the mouth are disrupted, resulting in an inability for moving lips or tongue to the right place to pronounce sounds correctly. Current therapies for this condition involve a therapist that in one-on-one sessions conducts the exercises. Our aim is to work in the line of robotic therapies in which a robot is able to perform partially or autonomously a therapy session, endowing a social robot with the ability of assisting therapists in apraxia of speech rehabilitation exercises...
2018: Journal of Healthcare Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710283/intervention-techniques-used-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-by-speech-language-pathologists-in-the-united-states-and-taiwan-a-descriptive-analysis-of-practice-in-clinical-settings
#5
Ming-Yeh Hsieh, Georgina Lynch, Charles Madison
Purpose: This study examined intervention techniques used with children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) by speech-language pathologists (SLPs) in the United States and Taiwan working in clinic/hospital settings. The research questions addressed intervention techniques used with children with ASD, intervention techniques used with different age groups (under and above 8 years old), and training received before using the intervention techniques. Method: The survey was distributed through the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association to selected SLPs across the United States...
April 27, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707516/communication-rehabilitation-in-sub-saharan-africa-the-role-of-speech-and-language-therapists
#6
Karen Wylie, Lindy McAllister, Bronwyn Davidson, Julie Marshall
Background: Workforce factors present a significant barrier to the development of rehabilitation services for people with communication disabilities in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Exploring how the work of speech and language therapists (SLTs) in the region is organised and delivered can provide insight into existing services, areas for future workforce development and improved rehabilitation access for people with communication disability. Objectives: This paper describes the employment and service provision patterns and work roles of a sample of SLTs in SSA...
2018: African Journal of Disability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703090/using-eye-tracking-technology-for-communication-in-rett-syndrome-perceptions-of-impact
#7
Kelli Vessoyan, Gill Steckle, Barb Easton, Megan Nichols, Victoria Mok Siu, Janette McDougall
Studies have investigated the use of eye-tracking technology to assess cognition in individuals with Rett syndrome, but few have looked at this access method for communication for this group. Loss of speech, decreased hand use, and severe motor apraxia significantly impact functional communication for this population. Eye gaze is one modality that may be used successfully by individuals with Rett syndrome. This multiple case study explored whether using eye-tracking technology, with ongoing support from a team of augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) therapists, could help four participants with Rett syndrome meet individualized communication goals...
April 27, 2018: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697501/preregistration-research-training-of-speech-and-language-therapists-in-the-united-kingdom-a-nationwide-audit-of-quantity-content-and-delivery
#8
Emma Pagnamenta, Victoria L Joffe
AIM: To carry out an audit of the quantity and content of research teaching on UK preregistration speech and language therapy (SLT) degree programmes. METHOD: Lecturers delivering research teaching from each higher education institution providing preregistration training were invited to complete an online survey. QUESTIONS INCLUDED: Amount of research teaching, content of research teaching (including final-year projects), perceived confidence by staff of graduates in research awareness, research activity and leading research...
April 24, 2018: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696726/evidence-based-pathways-to-intervention-for-children-with-language-disorders
#9
Susan H Ebbels, Elspeth McCartney, Vicky Slonims, Julie E Dockrell, Courtenay Frazier Norbury
BACKGROUND: Paediatric speech and language therapist (SLT) roles often involve planning individualized intervention for specific children, working collaboratively with families and education staff, providing advice, training and coaching and raising awareness. A tiered approach to service delivery is currently recommended whereby services become increasingly specialized and individualized for children with greater needs. AIMS: To stimulate discussion regarding delivery of SLT services by examining evidence regarding the effectiveness of (1) intervention for children with language disorders at different tiers and (2) SLT roles within these tiers; and to propose an evidence-based model of SLT service delivery and a flowchart to aid clinical decision-making...
April 25, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688085/music-therapy-applied-to-complex-blast-injury-in-interdisciplinary-care-a-case-report
#10
Rebecca Vaudreuil, Luis Avila, Joke Bradt, Paul Pasquina
PURPOSE: Music therapy has a long history of treating the physiological, psychological, and neurological injuries of war. Recently, there has been an increase in the use of music therapy and other creative arts therapies in the care of combat injured service members returning to the United States from Iraq and Afghanistan, especially those with complex blast-related injuries. This case report describes the role of music therapy in the interdisciplinary rehabilitation of a severely injured service member...
April 24, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667528/speech-and-language-therapists-views-about-aac-system-acceptance-by-people-with-acquired-communication-disorders
#11
Eliada Pampoulou
OBJECTIVE: Some adults with acquired communication disorders are faced with an inability to communicate coherently through verbal speech with their communication partners. Despite the fact that a variety of augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) aided systems is available to assist them in communicating, not all adults accept them. In Cyprus, there is scant research focusing on the factors that are linked to AAC system acceptance and abandonment. METHODS: To address this gap, this research involves exploring the experiences of six speech and language therapists supporting adults with acquired communication disorders, who could benefit from the use of AAC systems...
April 18, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656386/the-eating-and-drinking-ability-classification-system-concurrent-validity-and-reliability-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#12
Lea Tschirren, Susanne Bauer, Chiara Hanser, Petra Marsico, Diane Sellers, Hubertus J A van Hedel
AIM: As there is little evidence for concurrent validity of the Eating and Drinking Ability Classification System (EDACS), this study aimed to determine its concurrent validity and reliability in children and adolescents with cerebral palsy (CP). METHOD: After an extensive translation procedure, we applied the German language version to 52 participants with CP (30 males, 22 females, mean age 9y 7mo [SD 4y 2mo]). We correlated (Kendall's tau or Kτ ) the EDACS levels with the Bogenhausener Dysphagiescore (BODS), and the EDACS level of assistance with the Manual Ability Classification System (MACS) and the item 'eating' of the Functional Independence Measure for Children (WeeFIM)...
April 15, 2018: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650863/-problems-of-home-visiting-speech-language-hearing-therapists-in-dysphagia-management
#13
Kaori Kojima, Ryota Mori, Takashi Nishizawa, Hiroyuki Fujii
There are fewer reports by speech-language-hearing therapists than those by physical therapists or occupational therapists for visiting rehabilitation. Therefore, we examined the present situation with emphasis on professional roles of speech-language- hearing therapists working in visiting rehabilitation, patient tendency, and dysphagia rehabilitation. A questionnaire survey and interview survey were conducted on 6 speech-language-hearing therapists working in visiting rehabilitation. In the questionnaire, personal attributes, subject area, details of dysphagia rehabilitation, professional duties, and tendency of patient in charge were collected...
March 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649039/barriers-to-rehabilitation-care-in-pediatric-cochlear-implant-recipients
#14
Bryce Noblitt, Kristan P Alfonso, Margaret Adkins, Matthew L Bush
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess barriers to rehabilitation care for pediatric cochlear implant (CI) recipients. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional questionnaire study. SETTING: Tertiary medical center. PATIENTS: Parents of children who received a CI from October 1996 to June 2013. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Factors related to access to and barriers in audiology and speech therapy services, factors related to CI use, and performance with CI using the Parents' Evaluation of Aural/Oral Performance of Children (PEACH)...
April 11, 2018: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648913/being-present-with-the-patient-a-critical-investigation-of-bodily-sensitivity-and-presence-in-the-field-of-physiotherapy
#15
Gunn Engelsrud, Birgit Nordtug, Ingvil Øien
This article advocates integrating ideas from phenomenological theory regarding the body with a psychoanalytical theory of language to enrich our understanding of the meaning of bodily presence in the practice of physiotherapy. The authors use this theoretical framework to explore bodily presence as a source for physiotherapists' professional development. They are using research on children as moving and meaning-producing subjects1 1 The concept of subject is used in different ways in phenomenology and psychoanalysis, and also in varying ways in each of the two traditions...
April 12, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628620/automatic-analysis-of-pronunciations-for-children-with-speech-sound-disorders
#16
Shiran Dudy, Steven Bedrick, Meysam Asgari, Alexander Kain
Computer-Assisted Pronunciation Training (CAPT) systems aim to help a child learn the correct pronunciations of words. However, while there are many online commercial CAPT apps, there is no consensus among Speech Language Therapists (SLPs) or non-professionals about which CAPT systems, if any, work well. The prevailing assumption is that practicing with such programs is less reliable and thus does not provide the feedback necessary to allow children to improve their performance. The most common method for assessing pronunciation performance is the Goodness of Pronunciation (GOP) technique...
July 2018: Computer Speech & Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606148/telerehabilitation-for-aphasia-protocol-of-a-pragmatic-exploratory-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Hege Prag Øra, Melanie Kirmess, Marian C Brady, Ingvild Elisabeth Winsnes, Silje Merethe Hansen, Frank Becker
BACKGROUND: The Cochrane review on the effectiveness of speech and language therapy for aphasia following stroke suggests intensity of therapy is a key predictor for outcome. Current aphasia services cannot provide intervention at the intensity observed within trial contexts because of resource limitations. Telerehabilitation could widen access to speech-language pathologists (SLPs) in geographically remote contexts and reduce the time spent on travel by the therapist and patient. The current academic literature within this field is in its infancy, with few trials of speech and language therapy (SLT) delivered by videoconference...
April 2, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605373/swallowing-outcomes-in-children-after-slide-tracheoplasty
#18
Alexandra J Stewart, Colin R Butler, Nagarajan Muthialu, Debbie Sell, Joseph Marchant, Richard J D Hewitt, Martin J Elliott
INTRODUCTION: Slide tracheoplasty is now considered gold standard treatment for long segment congenital tracheal stenosis. Outcomes are typically focused upon airway patency. Dysphagia is often reported in children undergoing cardiothoracic surgery, but not specifically after slide tracheoplasty. This study was carried out to describe the nature and prevalence of dysphagia following slide tracheoplasty for long segment congenital tracheal stenosis. METHODS: Retrospective case note review was conducted on a series of patients who underwent swallow evaluation following slide tracheoplasty between 2006 and 2014...
May 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594076/translation-cross-cultural-adaptation-validation-and-reliability-of-the-northwestern-dysphagia-patient-check-sheet-ndpcs-in-iran
#19
Jalal Bakhtiyari, Masoomeh Salmani, Reyhaneh Noruzi, Payam Sarraf, Ebrahim Barzegar, Majid Mirmohammadkhani
Introduction: Speech and language therapists (SLTs) require proper tools to detect dysphagia in the early stages. One of these screening tools is the Northwestern Dysphagia Patient Check Sheet (NDPCS). However, this tool needs to be adapted, validated, and shown to be reliable for the Persian culture. The aim of the present study was to report the validity and reliability of the Persian NDPCS (P-NDPCS). Materials and Methods: The NDPCS has 28 items and five sections...
March 2018: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589469/assessing-speech-language-and-communication-difficulties-in-children-referred-for-adhd-a-qualitative-evaluation-of-a-uk-child-and-adolescent-mental-health-service
#20
Kelly M Y Chan, Andrew J B Fugard
BACKGROUND: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common childhood neuropsychiatric disorders and is highly comorbid with speech, language and communication difficulties (SLCDs). However, it is unclear how often SLCDs are identified in ADHD referrals in routine practice and whether there are unidentified SLCDs within this population. METHOD: A thematic analysis was conducted on a random sample of case notes from 18 referrals for ADHD made to a child and adolescent mental health service (CAMHS) in London, United Kingdom...
March 1, 2018: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
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