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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925608/active-music-therapy-and-physical-improvements-from-rehabilitation-for-neurological-conditions
#1
Demian Leandro Kogutek, Jeffrey David Holmes, Jessica Adrienne Grahn, Sara G Lutz, Emily Ready
Context • A variety of rehabilitation-based interventions are currently available for individuals with physical impairments resulting from neurological conditions, including physiotherapy, occupational therapy, and speech language pathology. Many individuals find participation in those therapies to be challenging. Alternative therapies have emerged as beneficial adjunctive treatments for individuals undergoing neurological rehabilitation, including music therapy (MT). Objective • The study intended to identify and collate systematically the evidence on MT interventions that address physical improvements in a rehabilitative setting...
October 2016: Advances in Mind-body Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925017/community-health-workers-perceptions-in-relation-to-speech-and-language-disorders
#2
Carla Cristina Lins Santos Knochenhauer, Karina Mary de Paiva Vianna
Purpose: To know the perception of the Community Health Workers (CHW) about the speech and language disorders. Method: Cross-sectional study, which involved a questionnaire with questions related to the knowledge of CHW on speech and language disorders. The research was carried out with CHW allocated in the Centro Sanitary District of Florianópolis. Results: We interviewed 35 CHW, being mostly (80%) female gender, with a average age of 47 years (standard deviation = 2...
December 1, 2016: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917691/impact-a-multifaceted-implementation-for-conversation-partner-training-in-aphasia-in-dutch-rehabilitation-settings
#3
Sandra Wielaert, Mieke W M E van de Sandt-Koenderman, Nina Dammers, Karen Sage
PURPOSE: Exploration of the clinical uptake of a novel conversation partner training (CPT) programme in aphasia in 10 Dutch rehabilitation facilities and identification of its perceived facilitators and barriers in service providers, and the evaluation of the implementation methods used. METHOD: Ten rehabilitation centres took part in a multifaceted implementation of CPT over 13 months. Each centre selected two speech and language therapists to act as knowledge brokers whose role was to raise awareness of CPT in the team and to facilitate getting partners of people with aphasia into the programme...
December 5, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908037/the-structure-of-hindi-stop-consonants
#4
Kushagra Singh, Nachiketa Tiwari
The pronunciation of stop consonants varies markedly with age, gender, accent, etc. Yet by extracting appropriate cues common to these varying pronunciations, it is possible to correctly identify the spoken consonant. In this paper, the structure underlying Hindi stop consonants is presented. This understanding may potentially be used as a "recipe" for their artificial synthesis. Hindi alphabet stops were analyzed for this purpose. This alphabet has an organized and comprehensive inventory of stop consonants, and its consonants invariably terminate with the neutral vowel schwa...
November 2016: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891743/ingressive-speech-errors-a-service-evaluation-of-speech-sound-therapy-in-a-child-aged-4-6
#5
Laura Hrastelj, Rachael-Anne Knight
BACKGROUND: A pattern of ingressive substitutions for word-final sibilants can be identified in a small number of cases in child speech disorder, with growing evidence suggesting it is a phonological difficulty, despite the unusual surface form. Phonological difficulty implies a problem with the cognitive process of organizing speech into sound contrasts. AIMS: To evaluate phonological therapy approaches in the remediation of non-pulmonic speech errors. Thus, adding to evidence concerning the nature of ingressive substitutions and their remediation whilst highlighting their occurrence within child speech disorder population for practising and training speech and language therapists...
November 27, 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859986/effectiveness-of-1-1-speech-and-language-therapy-for-older-children-with-developmental-language-disorder
#6
Susan H Ebbels, Lisa Wright, Sally Brockbank, Caroline Godfrey, Catherine Harris, Hannah Leniston, Kate Neary, Hilary Nicoll, Lucy Nicoll, Jackie Scott, Nataša Marić
BACKGROUND: Evidence of the effectiveness of therapy for older children with (developmental) language disorder (DLD), and particularly those with receptive language impairments, is very limited. The few existing studies have focused on particular target areas, but none has looked at a whole area of a service. AIMS: To establish whether for students with (developmental) language disorder attending a specialist school, 1:1 intervention with an SLT during one school term improves performance on targeted areas, compared with untreated control areas...
November 18, 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857275/the-interdisciplinary-rehabilitation-care-team-and-the-role-of-physical-therapy-in-survivor-exercise
#7
Margaret L McNeely, Naomi Dolgoy, Mona Onazi, Kirsten Suderman
BACKGROUND: Rehabilitation professionals offer expertise in functional assessment, treatment of impairments and functional limitations, and disability prevention. To optimize recovery, and often prior to participating in community-based exercise programming, survivors may need rehabilitation services from a range of healthcare professionals, including physiatrists, nurses, nutritionists, psychologists, and speech, occupational, and physical therapists. OBJECTIVES: Survivors with physical impairments and functional limitations may benefit from interdisciplinary rehabilitation and physical therapy, including tailored therapeutic exercise interventions...
December 1, 2016: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852229/access-timing-and-frequency-of-very-early-stroke-rehabilitation-insights-from-the-baden-wuerttemberg-stroke-registry
#8
Björn Reuter, Christoph Gumbinger, Tamara Sauer, Horst Wiethölter, Ingo Bruder, Curt Diehm, Peter A Ringleb, Werner Hacke, Michael G Hennerici, Rolf Kern
BACKGROUND: While the precise timing and intensity of very early rehabilitation (VER) after stroke onset is still under discussion, its beneficial effect on functional disability is generally accepted. The recently published randomized controlled AVERT trial indicated that patients with severe stroke might be more susceptible to harmful side effects of VER, which we hypothesized is contrary to current clinical practice. We analyzed the Baden-Wuerttemberg stroke registry to gain insight into the application of VER in acute ischemic stroke (IS) and intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) in clinical practice...
November 16, 2016: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849242/speech-language-therapy-practice-in-a-bilingual-dialogical-clinic-case-report
#9
Beatriz Zaki Porcelli Mariani, Ana Cristina Guarinello, Giselle Massi, Rita Tonocchi, Ana Paula Berberian
Purpose: this study aims to discuss the use of Brazilian sign language as the first language for a deaf individual going to a bilingual dialogic clinic from dialogic activities. Methods: This is a longitudinal study, including one deaf individual, called N, interacting with his family and speech therapists. Results: During the therapeutic process developed inside the bilingual dialogical clinic, N participated in interactive contexts and could constitute himself as author of his sign language texts...
September 2016: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844506/a-comparison-of-pre-dropout-and-temporary-rupture-sessions-in-psychotherapy
#10
I Volkan Gülüm, Gonca Soygüt, Jeremy D Safran
: Although numerous studies have investigated the relationship between the therapeutic alliance and dropout, most have focused on the relationship between alliance quality and psychotherapy outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To compare sessions with therapeutic alliance ruptures and two sessions prior to treatment dropout (pre-dropout) in terms of rupture subtypes, psychotherapists' behavior, attitudes, and session content. METHOD: We implemented quantitative methods to select the sessions and qualitative methods to analyze them...
November 15, 2016: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837421/otologic-and-audiologic-findings-in-22q11-2-deletion-syndrome
#11
E Verheij, A L Kist, A B Mink van der Molen, I Stegeman, G A van Zanten, W Grolman, H G X M Thomeer
Hearing loss is frequently present in the 22q11.2 deletion syndrome. Our aim was to describe the audiologic and otologic features of patients with 22q11.2 deletion syndrome. We conducted a retrospective cohort study in a single tertiary referral center. We reviewed medical files of all patients with 22q11.2 deletion syndrome who visited an otolaryngologist, plastic surgeon or speech therapist, for audiologic or otologic features. Hearing loss was defined as a pure tone average (of 0.5, 1, 2, and 4 kHz) of >20 decibel hearing level...
November 11, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812674/cross-cultural-adaptation-of-the-chilean-version-of-the-voice-symptom-scale-voiss
#12
Francisco Contreras Ruston, Felipe Moreti, Martín Vivero, Celina Malebran, Mara Behlau
This research aims to accomplish the cross-cultural equivalence of the Chilean version of the VoiSS protocol through its cultural and linguistic adaptation. After the translation of the VoiSS protocol to Chilean Spanish by two bilingual speech therapists and its back translation to English, we compared the items of the original tool with the previous translated version. The existing discrepancies were modified by a consensus committee of five speech therapists and the translated version was entitled Escala de Sintomas Vocales - ESV, with 30 questions and five answers: "Never", "Occasionally", "Sometimes", "Most of the time", "Always"...
September 2016: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808566/promoting-lexical-learning-in-the-speech-and-language-therapy-of-children-with-cochlear-implants
#13
Riitta Ronkainen, Minna Laakso, Eila Lonka, Tuula Tykkyläinen
This study examines lexical intervention sessions in speech and language therapy for children with cochlear implants (CIs). Particular focus is on the therapist's professional practices in doing the therapy. The participants in this study are three congenitally deaf children with CIs together with their speech and language therapist. The video recorded therapy sessions of these children are studied using conversation analysis. The analysis reveals the ways in which the speech and language therapist formulates her speaking turns to support the children's lexical learning in task interaction...
November 3, 2016: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798948/optimizing-outcomes-following-total-and-subtotal-tongue-reconstruction-a-systematic-review-of-the-contemporary-literature
#14
Oscar J Manrique, Hyuma A Leland, Claude-Jean Langevin, Alex Wong, Joseph N Carey, Pedro Ciudad, Hung-Chi Chen, Ketan M Patel
BACKGROUND: More than 45,000 Americans are diagnosed with oropharyngeal cancer annually and multimodal treatment often requires wide excision, lymphadenectomy, chemotherapy, and radiation. Total and subtotal lingual resection severely impairs speech, swallow, and quality of life (QoL). This study investigates functional outcomes and QoL following subtotal and total tongue resection with free tissue transfer reconstruction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic review of the English language literature was performed using PubMed, Ovid, Embase, and Cochrane databases based on predetermined inclusion/exclusion criteria...
October 31, 2016: Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797402/therapist-and-client-interactions-in-motivational-interviewing-for-social-anxiety-disorder
#15
Mia Romano, Jelena Arambasic, Lorna Peters
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study is to assess the bidirectional associations between therapist and client speech during a treatment based on motivational interviewing (MI) for social anxiety disorder. METHOD: Participants were 85 adults diagnosed with social anxiety who received MI prior to entering cognitive behavioral therapy. MI sessions were sequentially coded using the Motivational Interviewing Skill Code 2.5. RESULTS: Therapist MI-consistent behaviors, including open questions as well as positive and negative reflections, were more likely to be followed by client change exploration (change talk and counter-change talk)...
October 31, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796101/development-of-a-clinical-feeding-assessment-scale-for-very-young-infants-in-south-africa
#16
Mari Viviers, Alta Kritzinger, Bart Vinck
BACKGROUND: There is a need for validated neonatal feeding assessment instruments in South Africa. A locally developed instrument may contribute to standardised evaluation procedures of high-risk neonates and address needs in resource constrained developing settings. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to develop and validate the content of a clinical feeding assessment scale to diagnose oropharyngeal dysphagia (OPD) in neonates. METHOD: The Neonatal Feeding Assessment Scale (NFAS) was developed using the Delphi method...
October 26, 2016: South African Journal of Communication Disorders. die Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Kommunikasieafwykings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790241/improved-necker-cube-drawing-based-assessment-battery-for-constructional-apraxia-the-mie-constructional-apraxia-scale-mcas
#17
Masayuki Satoh, Chika Mori, Kana Matsuda, Yukito Ueda, Ken-Ichi Tabei, Hirotaka Kida, Hidekazu Tomimoto
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Constructional apraxia (CA) is usually diagnosed by having patients draw figures; however, the reported assessments only evaluate the drawn figure. We designed a new assessment battery for CA (the Mie Constructional Apraxia Scale, MCAS) which includes both the shape and drawing process, and investigated its utility against other assessment methods. METHODS: We designed the MCAS, and evaluated inter- and intrarater reliability. We also investigated the sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values in dementia patients, and compared MCAS assessment with other reported batteries in the same subjects...
September 2016: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders Extra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789174/-pediatric-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-treatment-strategy
#18
J Cohen-Lévy, J Potenza, V Couloigner
Pediatric obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) has a multifactorial origin. For the child with no dysmorphic disorders or comorbidities, its main etiology is pharyngeal soft tissue hypertrophy, a dimensional reduction of the facial skeletal frame restricting the airway, an anomaly of muscular tone, or a combination of these factors. Consequently, proper diagnosis and treatment planning for these children can require several medical specialties, according to the complexity, severity, and persistence of OSAS: ear-nose-throat specialists (ENT), pneumologists/allergologists, dentofacial orthopedists/orthodontists, and physical therapists/speech therapists...
October 24, 2016: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759167/release-reframe-refocus-and-respond-a-practitioner-transformation-process-in-a-reflective-consultation-program
#19
Mary Harrison
This article presents findings from a qualitative research study exploring the experiences of early intervention practitioners in a reflective consultation program. Fifteen licensed early childhood special education teachers and speech, occupational, and physical therapists as well as a psychologist from an urban school district participated in interviews discussing their work stressors and involvement with monthly reflective consultation groups. They described a loosely temporal, iterative process which transformed how they thought and felt about both themselves as practitioners and the children and families with whom they worked...
November 2016: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757527/self-perception-versus-professional-assessment-of-functional-outcome-after-ablative-surgery-in-patients-with-oral-cancer
#20
Benedicta E Beck-Broichsitter, Jörn Huck, Thomas Küchler, Daniela Hauke, Jürgen Hedderich, Jörg Wiltfang, Stephan T Becker
PURPOSE: The extent of functional impairment after ablative surgery in the orofacial region may be directly reflected in a reduction in Quality of Life. This study intended to compare the patients' perception with an objective functional evaluation of the orofacial system in order to bilaterally distinguish direct influence factors. METHODS: A total of 45 patients were included in this study and were asked to complete the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer Core Questionnaire (EORTC QLQ-30) and the Head and Neck 35 Module (H&N 35)...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
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