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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329715/psychological-distress-and-prejudice-following-terror-attacks-in-france
#1
Robin Goodwin, Krzysztof Kaniasty, Shaojing Sun, Menachem Ben-Ezra
Terrorist attacks have the capacity to threaten our beliefs about the world, cause distress across populations and promote discrimination towards particular groups. We examined the impact of two different types of attacks in the same city and same year on psychological distress and probable posttraumatic stress symptoms, and the moderating effects of religion or media use on distress/posttraumatic symptoms and inter-group relations. Two panel surveys four weeks after the January 2015 Charlie Hebdo attack (N = 1981) and the November 2015 Bataclan concert hall/restaurant attacks (N = 1878), measured intrinsic religiosity, social and traditional media use, psychological distress (K6), probable posttraumatic stress symptoms (proposed ICD-11), symbolic racism and willingness to interact with Muslims by non-Muslims...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324678/traumatic-stress-symptoms-after-the-november-13th-2015-terrorist-attacks-among-young-adults-the-relation-to-media-and-emotion-regulation
#2
Emmanuel Monfort, Mohammad Hassan Afzali
OBJECTIVE: A major terror attack occurred in the Paris region on 13th November 2015. This event was widely showed, described, and commented in the media. Media consumption may lead to a widespread diffusion of trauma-related symptoms following a collective trauma. These effects may depend on the type of media and emotion regulation strategies used by the media consumer. METHOD: Trauma history, traumatic symptoms, media consumption, psychological distress, and emotion regulation strategies of 451 young adults were assessed by an online survey...
March 6, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300479/knowing-and-not-knowing-a-frequent-human-arrangement
#3
Sylvia Solinski
The paradigmatic system of societal abuse occurs in totalitarian state systems. The relational systems of subjugation that maintain such states of terror must, of necessity, destroy any authentic civic space in which individuals can flourish. Similar dynamics characterize child abuse within families. Survival requires the use of varied strategies, the most extreme of which are dissociative in nature, and that result in marked distortions of developmental trajectories across all psychological domains. Such dynamics are mirrored in dissociative systems that, in the absence of intervention, perpetuate the trauma of non-recognition by subjugation and self-objectification, or by omnipotent denial of others' subjectivity...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290499/the-evolution-of-extreme-cooperation-via-shared-dysphoric-experiences
#4
Harvey Whitehouse, Jonathan Jong, Michael D Buhrmester, Ángel Gómez, Brock Bastian, Christopher M Kavanagh, Martha Newson, Miriam Matthews, Jonathan A Lanman, Ryan McKay, Sergey Gavrilets
Willingness to lay down one's life for a group of non-kin, well documented historically and ethnographically, represents an evolutionary puzzle. Building on research in social psychology, we develop a mathematical model showing how conditioning cooperation on previous shared experience can allow individually costly pro-group behavior to evolve. The model generates a series of predictions that we then test empirically in a range of special sample populations (including military veterans, college fraternity/sorority members, football fans, martial arts practitioners, and twins)...
March 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167305/self-reported-driving-difficulty-in-veterans-with-traumatic-brain-injury-its-central-role-in-psychological-well-being
#5
Laraine Winter, Helene J Moriarty, Thomas H Short
BACKGROUND: The ability to drive is a core function supporting independent living. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) may impair driving capacity in numerous ways. Previous research has documented that individuals with TBI have more driving-related problems than other people and has identified predictors of driving status or capacity, mostly among civilians; however, no research has examined the implications of driving limitations for the well-being of individuals with TBI. OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between self-reported difficulty in driving with important domains of psychological well-being in veterans with TBI, with adjustment for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and years since most recent TBI...
February 4, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080126/know-thy-enemy-education-about-terrorism-improves-social-attitudes-toward-terrorists
#6
Jordan Theriault, Peter Krause, Liane Young
Hatred of terrorists is an obstacle to the implementation of effective counterterrorism policies-it invites indiscriminate retaliation, whereas many of the greatest successes in counterterrorism have come from understanding terrorists' personal and political motivations. Drawing from psychological research, traditional prejudice reduction strategies are generally not well suited to the task of reducing hatred of terrorists. Instead, in 2 studies, we explored education's potential ability to reduce extreme negative attitudes toward terrorists...
March 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. General
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058095/understanding-the-terrorist-mind
#7
Emile Bruneau
While early research focused on the political roots of terrorism, many of today's investigators are probing the psychological factors that drive adherents to commit their deadly deeds. Are terrorists mentally ill or do they rationally weigh the costs and benefits of their actions and conclude that terrorism is profitable? Our author traces recent advances in using imaging and experimental research to determine what motivates monstrous acts.
November 2016: Cerebrum: the Dana Forum on Brain Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043187/book-review-the-psychology-of-terrorism-horgan-j-2014-the-psychology-of-terrorism-2nd-ed-new-york-ny-routledge-184-pp-isbn-978-0-415-69800-9-hbk-isbn-978-0-415-69802-3-pbk-isbn-978-1-315-88224-6-ebk-rrp-usd-54-95
#8
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002457/terrorism-radicalisation-extremism-authoritarianism-and-fundamentalism-a-systematic-review-of-the-quality-and-psychometric-properties-of-assessments
#9
Akimi Scarcella, Ruairi Page, Vivek Furtado
BACKGROUND: Currently, terrorism and suicide bombing are global psychosocial processes that attracts a growing number of psychological and psychiatric contributions to enhance practical counter-terrorism measures. The present study is a systematic review that explores the methodological quality reporting and the psychometric soundness of the instruments developed to identify risk factors of terrorism, extremism, radicalisation, authoritarianism and fundamentalism. METHOD: A systematic search strategy was established to identify instruments and studies developed to screen individuals at risk of committing extremist or terrorist offences using 20 different databases across the fields of law, medicine, psychology, sociology and politics...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933008/healthcare-needs-experiences-and-satisfaction-after-terrorism-a-longitudinal-study-of-survivors-from-the-ut%C3%A3-ya-attack
#10
Lise E Stene, Tore Wentzel-Larsen, Grete Dyb
Background: Public health outreach programs have been developed in order to ensure that needs are met after disasters. However, little is known about survivors' experiences with post-terror healthcare. In the present study, our objectives were to (1) describe survivors' experiences with post-terror healthcare, (2) identify factors associated with reports of unmet healthcare needs, and (3) examine the relationship between socio-demographic characteristics, healthcare experiences and satisfaction. Methods: Our study comprised three waves of semi-structured interviews with 261/490 (53%) survivors of the Utøya mass shooting...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928982/hospitals-soft-target-for-terrorism
#11
Harald De Cauwer, Francis Somville, Marc Sabbe, Luc J Mortelmans
In recent years, the world has been rocked repeatedly by terrorist attacks. Arguably, the most remarkable were: the series of four coordinated suicide plane attacks on September 11, 2001 on buildings in New York, Virginia, and Pennsylvania, USA; and the recent series of two coordinated attacks in Brussels (Belgium), on March 22, 2016, involving two bombings at the departure hall of Brussels International Airport and a bombing at Maalbeek Metro Station located near the European Commission headquarters in the center of Brussels...
February 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894389/-qualitative-study-on-the-current-status-of-hospitalized-burn-children-s-quality-of-life
#12
R Q Lin, L Li, L Xu, Q Pan, J X Dai
Objective: To explore the current status of hospitalized burn children's quality of life, so as to lay foundation for carrying out the related intervention in future. Methods: Using qualitative research method, semi-structured interviews were conducted on 11 parents of burn children hospitalized in Department of Burns of Fujian Medical University Union Hospital from March to May 2016. Then the data were analyzed and concluded with phenomenological analysis method to refine the themes. Results: Parents' description about the current status of hospitalized burn children's quality of life could be summed up into four areas: physiology, psychology, social development, and family; and in six themes: obvious itching symptom, limited movement development, night terror and constant cry because of fear, reduced social game, negative attachment type, and parents under multiple pressures...
November 20, 2016: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831737/a-longitudinal-study-of-psychological-distress-and-exposure-to-trauma-reminders-after-terrorism
#13
Kristin A Glad, Gertrud S Hafstad, Tine K Jensen, Grete Dyb
Objective: The aim of this study was threefold: (1) to examine the type and frequency of trauma reminders reported by survivors 2.5 years after a terrorist attack; (2) to examine whether frequency of exposure to trauma reminders is associated with psychological distress and level of functioning; and (3) to compare the worst trauma reminders reported by the same survivors at 2 different time points. Method: Participants were 261 survivors (52.1% male; Mage = 22.1 years, SD = 4.76) of the 2011 massacre on Utøya Island, Norway, who were interviewed face-to-face 14-15 and 30-32 months postterror...
November 10, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821367/a-blast-from-the-past-civilians-immediate-psychological-reactions-and-associative-memory-of-prior-events-following-exploding-bus-in-israel
#14
Menachem Ben-Ezra, Shani Pitcho-Prelorentzos, Michal Mahat-Shamir
This study examined the association between self-report associative memories of prior traumatic events and psychological distress up to 48h after a terror attack. To date, the number of studies that examined this association is very small and most were conducted weeks or even months post event. For this purpose, we examined the association between self-report associative memories of prior traumatic events beyond factors such as previous exposure to trauma, political shift and sense of safety. The results showed that self-report associative memories of prior traumatic events were significantly associated with psychological distress...
December 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27678169/post-9-11-veterans-and-their-partners-improve-mental-health-outcomes-with-a-self-directed-mobile-and-web-based-wellness-training-program-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Janet R Kahn, William Collinge, Robert Soltysik
BACKGROUND: Veterans with history of deployment in the Global War on Terror face significant and ongoing challenges with high prevalences of adverse psychological, physical, spiritual, and family impacts. Together, these challenges contribute to an emerging public health crisis likely to extend well into the future. Innovative approaches are needed that reach veterans and their family members with strategies they can employ over time in their daily lives to promote improved adjustment and well-being...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27658988/-homicide-suicide-clinical-review-and-psychological-assumptions
#16
J Vandevoorde, N Estano, G Painset
OBJECTIVES: Suicide-homicide could be defined as a "suicidal" behaviour, which also includes the death of at least one other individual and sometimes up to hundreds. This literature review intends to highlight some characteristic features that might be found amongst the various types of suicide-homicide. It is a complex phenomenon which can occur in different situations, from a familial and somehow intimate setting (filicide, uxoricide, marital homicide…) to a public one (workplace shooting, school shooting), including a wide range of victims, from a single victim in marital cases of suicide-homicide to hundreds of victims in certain types, such as suicide by aircraft or warrior-like multi-homicids in terrorist acts...
September 19, 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27554323/measuring-risk-perception-in-later-life-the-perceived-risk-scale
#17
Rinat Lifshitz, Galit Nimrod, Yaacov G Bachner
BACKGROUND: Risk perception is a subjective assessment of the actual or potential threat to one's life or, more broadly, to one's psychological well-being. Given the various risks associated with later life, a valid and reliable integrative screening tool for assessing risk perception among the elderly is warranted. OBJECTIVES: The study examined the psychometric properties and factor structure of a new integrative risk perception instrument, the Perceived Risk Scale...
August 23, 2016: Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27504583/2015-annual-report-of-the-american-psychological-association
#18
(no author information available yet)
Presents the 2015 Annual Report of the American Psychological Association. In his introduction, President Barry Anton describes how 2015 was among APA's most challenging. Although 2015 ushered in an era of greater transparency within the association and enhanced communications to members and the public, it also required painful self-reflection stemming from the revelations of an independent review by an outside law firm. The review examined the question of whether APA played any role related to the Bush administration's use of abusive interrogation techniques during the war on terror...
July 2016: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27443576/on-the-radicalization-process
#19
Samuel J Leistedt
This study aimed to provide an in-depth description of the radicalization process, which is a very important step in terrorist activities. The author proposes a translational analysis that is first based on the author's experience in the psychological evaluation of terrorist behavior and second on an exhaustive review of the current literature. The search terms "terrorism," "radicalization," "social psychology," and "psychopathology" were used to identify relevant studies in the following databases: Scopus, Medline, PubCentral, and Science Direct...
November 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27388691/a-systematic-review-of-the-literature-on-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-victims-of-terrorist-attacks
#20
María Paz García-Vera, Jesús Sanz, Sara Gutiérrez
This article was aimed at systematically reviewing the literature on posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among victims of terrorist attacks. Electronic and hand searches of the literature identified 35 studies addressing PTSD prevalence based on validated diagnostic interviews. Overall, in the year after terrorist attacks, 33% to 39% of direct victims developed PTSD, whereas the percentage of indirect victims with PTSD was lower (4% in the affected community, 5%-6% among emergency, rescue, and recovery workers, and 17%-29% among relatives and friends of the injured or killed victims), but nonetheless above the prevalence in the general population...
August 2016: Psychological Reports
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