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ethnical psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345389/ethnic-status-and-engagement-with-health-services-attitudes-toward-help-seeking-and-intercultural-willingness-to-interact-among-south-east-asian-students-in-australia
#1
Shanna Logan, Zachary Steel, Caroline Hunt
Previous research has demonstrated the importance of intercultural willingness to interact; however, these investigations have yet to be applied to a health context or to compare an ethnic minority with a majority sample. Consequently, the current study sought to better understand engagement with health services by investigating both attitudes towards seeking psychological help and intercultural willingness to interact within an ethnic minority South East Asian population, relative to an Anglo Australian sample...
January 1, 2017: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340581/does-psychological-functioning-mediate-the-relationship-between-bullying-involvement-and-weight-loss-preoccupation-in-adolescents-a-two-stage-cross-sectional-study
#2
Kirsty Lee, Alexa Guy, Jeremy Dale, Dieter Wolke
BACKGROUND: Adolescent bullying is associated with a range of adversities for those who are bullied i.e., victims and bully-victims (e.g., those who bully others and get victimised), including reduced psychological functioning and eating disorder symptoms. Bullies are generally well-adjusted psychologically, but previous research suggests that bullies may also engage in problematic diet behaviours. This study investigates a) whether adolescents involved in bullying (bullies, victims, bully-victims) are at increased risk of weight loss preoccupation, b) whether psychological functioning mediates this relationship and c) whether sex is a key moderator...
March 24, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333478/geographic-distribution-of-california-mental-health-professionals-in-relation-to-sociodemographic-characteristics
#3
Ryan N Sharma, Rachel N Casas, Nicole M Crawford, Lauren N Mills
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether geographic access to licensed mental health providers in California is a barrier for underserved populations. METHOD: Data from the master file of the California Board of Psychology and Board of Behavioral Sciences were merged with U.S. Census data to determine the correlations between the concentration of providers and the corresponding sociodemographic characteristics of places in California. RESULTS: This article shows that the concentration of licensed mental health providers in the communities of California varies systematically with the racial, ethnic, age, education, and economic characteristics of those places...
March 23, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332946/ethnic-differences-in-psychosocial-services-use-among-non-latina-white-and-latina-breast-cancer-survivors
#4
Rosario Costas-Muñiz, Migda Hunter-Hernández, Olga Garduño-Ortega, Jennifer Morales-Cruz, Francesca Gany
Background This study examined the use of psychosocial services (i.e. social work, psychiatric, psychological, and spiritual/pastoral services) among Latina and Non-Latina White breast cancer survivors. Methods Survivors who received treatment in a Comprehensive Cancer Center in New York completed a mailed questionnaire about interest in help for distress, and psychosocial service use. Descriptive and non-parametric statistics were used to explore ethnic differences in use of, and interest in, psychosocial services...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330583/pregnant-adolescent-women-s-perceptions-of-depression-and-psychiatric-services-in-the-united-states
#5
Sarah E Bledsoe, Cynthia F Rizo, Traci L Wike, Candace Killian-Farrell, Julia Wessel, Anne-Marie O Bellows, Alison Doernberg
PROBLEM: Adolescent mothers and their children are at high-risk for depression and the associated negative educational, social, health, and economic outcomes. BACKGROUND: However, few pregnant adolescent women with depression receive psychiatric services, especially low-income or racial/ethnic minority adolescent women. AIM: This qualitative study explores perceptions of depression, psychiatric services, and barriers to accessing services in a sample of low-income, pregnant racial/ethnic minority adolescent women...
March 15, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327153/validation-and-reliability-of-the-malaysian-english-version-of-the-psychosocial-impact-of-dental-aesthetics-questionnaire-for-adolescents
#6
Wan Nurazreena Wan Hassan, Zamros Yuzadi Mohd Yusof, Mohd Zambri Mohamed Makhbul, Siti Safuraa Zahirah Shahidan, Siti Farhana Mohd Ali, Rashidah Burhanudin, Maria Jirom Gere
BACKGROUND: The Malay version of the Psychosocial Impact of Dental Aesthetics Questionnaire has been validated for use by Malaysian adolescents. Although Malay is their national language, English is widely used as the lingua franca among Malaysians of different ethnicities. This study aimed to validate an English version of the PIDAQ adapted for use by Malaysian adolescents to optimize data capture from adolescents who prefer English as the medium for communication. METHODS: The published English version of PIDAQ was pilot tested on 12- to 17-year-old adolescents, resulting in a few modifications to suit the Malaysian variety of English...
March 21, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326052/self-consistency-in-bicultural-persons-dialectical-self-beliefs-mediate-the-relation-between-identity-integration-and-self-consistency
#7
Rui Zhang, Kimberly A Noels, Richard N Lalonde, S J Salas
Prior research differentiates dialectical (e.g., East Asian) from non-dialectical cultures (e.g., North American and Latino) and attributes cultural differences in self-concept consistency to naïve dialecticism. In this research, we explored the effects of managing two cultural identities on consistency within the bicultural self-concept via the role of dialectical beliefs. Because the challenge of integrating more than one culture within the self is common to biculturals of various heritage backgrounds, the effects of bicultural identity integration should not depend on whether the heritage culture is dialectical or not...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319262/ethnic-familial-and-religious-identity-of-roma-adolescents-in-bulgaria-czech-republic-kosovo-and-romania-in-relation-to-their-level-of-well-being
#8
Radosveta Dimitrova, Fons J R van de Vijver, Jitka Taušová, Athanasios Chasiotis, Michael Bender, Carmen Buzea, Fitim Uka, Ergyul Tair
This study examines ethnic, national, familial, and religious identity and well-being of 632 Roma minority and 589 majority adolescents (age: M = 15.98 years, SD = 1.34) in Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Kosovo, and Romania. Results indicated that Roma showed lower endorsement of national identity but stronger religious identity than their majority counterparts. Path models showed positive associations of familial and religious identities with well-being, whereas Roma identity was negatively associated with well-being, particularly for Roma in Bulgaria and Kosovo (countries with a less active policy toward improving conditions of Roma)...
March 20, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318319/medical-student-perceptions-of-the-learning-environment-in-medical-school-change-as-students-transition-to-clinical-training-in-undergraduate-medical-school
#9
Lisette Dunham, Michael Dekhtyar, Gregory Gruener, Eileen CichoskiKelly, Jennifer Deitz, Donna Elliott, Margaret L Stuber, Susan E Skochelak
Phenomenon: The learning environment is the physical, social, and psychological context in which a student learns. A supportive learning environment contributes to student well-being and enhances student empathy, professionalism, and academic success, whereas an unsupportive learning environment may lead to burnout, exhaustion, and cynicism. Student perceptions of the medical school learning environment may change over time and be associated with students' year of training and may differ significantly depending on the student's gender or race/ethnicity...
March 20, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303581/the-sigh-of-the-oppressed-the-palliative-effects-of-ideology-are-stronger-for-people-living-in-highly-unequal-neighbourhoods
#10
Nikhil K Sengupta, Lara M Greaves, Danny Osborne, Chris G Sibley
Ideologies that legitimize status hierarchies are associated with increased well-being. However, which ideologies have 'palliative effects', why they have these effects, and whether these effects extend to low-status groups remain unresolved issues. This study aimed to address these issues by testing the effects of the ideology of Symbolic Prejudice on well-being among low- and high-status ethnic groups (4,519 Europeans and 1,091 Māori) nested within 1,437 regions in New Zealand. Results showed that Symbolic Prejudice predicted increased well-being for both groups, but that this relationship was stronger for those living in highly unequal neighbourhoods...
March 16, 2017: British Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299623/unique-contributions-of-acceptance-and-catastrophizing-on-chronic-pain-adaptation
#11
Julia R Craner, Jeannie A Sperry, Afton M Koball, Eleshia J Morrison, Wesley P Gilliam
PURPOSE: Pain catastrophizing and acceptance represent distinct but interrelated constructs that influence adaptation to chronic pain. Clinical and laboratory research suggest that higher levels of catastrophizing and lower levels of acceptance predict worse functioning; however, findings have been mixed regarding which specific outcomes are associated with each construct. The current study evaluates these constructs in relation to pain, affect, and functioning in a treatment-seeking clinical sample...
March 15, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298368/building-a-new-life-in-australia-an-analysis-of-the-first-wave-of-the-longitudinal-study-of-humanitarian-migrants-in-australia-to-assess-the-association-between-social-integration-and-self-rated-health
#12
Wen Chen, Li Ling, Andre M N Renzaho
OBJECTIVES: To assess the relationship between social integration and physical and mental health among humanitarian migrants (HMs) in Australia. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: We used the recently released first wave of data from the 2013 'Building a New Life in Australia' survey, which is an ongoing nationwide longitudinal study. A total of 2399 HMs participated in the survey. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Self-rated physical health was measured using four items selected from the SF-36 which is a generic measure of health status...
March 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296921/perceived-distress-and-its-association-with-depression-and-anxiety-in-breast-cancer-patients
#13
Chong Guan Ng, Salina Mohamed, Kiran Kaur, Ahmad Hatim Sulaiman, Nor Zuraida Zainal, Nur Aishah Taib
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer patients often experience a high level of distress. Psychological distress is a broad construct encompass both depression and anxiety. Previous studies in examining which of these psychological symptoms (either anxiety or depression) were more significantly associated with the distress level in breast cancer patients is lacking. This study aims to compare the level of depression and anxiety between patients with different level of distress. The correlation between the changes in distress level with depression or anxiety over 12 months was also examined...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284147/why-is-psychiatric-nursing-not-the-preferred-option-for-nursing-students-a-cross-sectional-study-examining-pre-nursing-and-nursing-school-factors
#14
Hui Lin Ong, Esmond Seow, Boon Yiang Chua, Huiting Xie, Jia Wang, Ying Wen Lau, Siow Ann Chong, Mythily Subramaniam
BACKGROUND: There is a shortage of nurses working in the mental health field globally. The aim of the present study was to examine Singapore nursing students' attitudes towards specializing in psychiatric nursing by examining the pre-nursing and nursing school factors as well as attitudes towards psychiatry and personality traits. METHODS: A cross-sectional online survey was conducted with 500 nursing students from four nursing institutions in Singapore. Students' attitudes towards psychiatry (ATP-18), perception of psychiatric nursing career aspects relative to other fields, and personality traits (mini-IPIP) were assessed...
February 24, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281176/are-ethnic-disparities-in-hba1c-levels-explained-by-mental-wellbeing-analysis-of-population-based-data-from-the-health-survey-for-england
#15
Kanayo Umeh
AIMS: It is unclear how ethnic differences in HbA1c levels are affected by individual variations in mental wellbeing. Thus, the aim of this study was to assess the extent to which HbA1c disparities between Caucasian and South Asian adults are mediated by various aspects of positive psychological functioning. METHODS: Data from the 2014 Health Survey for England was analysed using bootstrapping methods. A total of 3894 UK residents with HbA1c data were eligible to participate...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278559/online-support-groups-for-women-with-breast-cancer
#16
REVIEW
Eilis McCaughan, Kader Parahoo, Irene Hueter, Laurel Northouse, Ian Bradbury
BACKGROUND: Survival rates for women with a diagnosis of breast cancer continue to improve. However, some women may experience physical, psychological and emotional effects post diagnosis, throughout treatment and beyond. Support groups can provide opportunities for people to share their experiences and learn from others. As the number of online support groups increases, more and more women with breast cancer will likely access them. OBJECTIVES: To assess effects of online support groups on the emotional distress, uncertainty, anxiety, depression and quality of life (QoL) of women with breast cancer...
March 10, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277684/it-is-not-black-and-white-discrimination-and-distress-in-hawai-i
#17
Krysia N Mossakowski, Turro Wongkaren, Fàanofo Lisaclaire Uperesa
OBJECTIVE: This study investigates whether the strength of the relationship between perceived discrimination and psychological distress varies by race/ethnicity, gender, and the number of years of residence in Hawai'i. METHOD: Our sample consisted of 1,036 undergraduate students at a university in Hawai'i and the survey was conducted in 2012-2013. The sample was composed of 55% women and the average age was 21. The students reported their racial/ethnic backgrounds as White (19%), Japanese (21%), Filipino (16%), Chinese (10%), Native Hawaiian (14%), Pacific Islander (4%), other Asian (6%), and other race/ethnicity (10%)...
March 9, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276806/psychobiological-impact-of-ethnic-discrimination-in-turkish-immigrants-living-in-germany
#18
Susanne Fischer, Urs M Nater, Jana Strahler, Nadine Skoluda, Leander Dieterich, Orgun Oezcan, Ricarda Mewes
Perceived ethnic discrimination has a negative impact on health. One of the key mechanisms may be a dysregulation of stress-responsive systems. Our aims were to investigate whether (1) acute face-to-face ethnic discrimination induces a stress response, and (2) to compare long-term endocrine functioning between immigrants and nonimmigrants. 30 male Turkish immigrants living in Germany underwent an ethnic discrimination condition and a control condition in the laboratory. Perceived ethnic discrimination, stress, salivary alpha-amylase and cortisol were measured four times...
March 5, 2017: Stress: the International Journal on the Biology of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274336/examining-psychotropic-medication-use-among-youth-in-the-u-s-by-race-ethnicity-and-psychological-impairment
#19
Benjamin Lê Cook, Nicholas J Carson, E Nilay Kafali, Anne Valentine, Juan David Rueda, Sarah Coe-Odess, Susan Busch
OBJECTIVE: Clinical practice guidelines underscore the need for careful evaluation of the risk-benefit ratio of psychotropic medications treating mental health disorders among youth. While it is well known that racial/ethnic disparities exist in psychotropic medication use, little is known about whether these differences are driven by over-prescribing among white youth, under-prescribing among minority youth, or both. To build evidence in this area, this study examined racial/ethnic differences in the prescription of psychotropic medications among youth with and without psychological impairment...
March 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272194/validations-and-psychological-properties-of-a-simplified-chinese-version-of-pain-anxiety-symptoms-scale-sc-pass
#20
Xiao-Yi Zhou, Xi-Ming Xu, Fei Wang, Sui-Yi Wu, Yi-Lin Yang, Ming Li, Jian-Ming Huang, Xian-Zhao Wei
The Pain Anxiety Symptoms Scale (PASS) has been developed to evaluate pain anxiety, which leads to avoidance of daily activities and normal movements. However, a simplified Chinese version of PASS is still not available. Physicians are not aware of which patients are prone to anxiety, and what the risk factors are.To cross-culturally adapt the PASS into a simplified Chinese version and test the reliability and validity. Factors affecting pain anxiety were also explored.The PASS was first translated into a simplified Chinese version according to a forward-backward method...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
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