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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784232/the-aftermath-of-suicide-a-qualitative-study-with-guyanese-families
#1
Carla J Groh, Maureen Anthony, Jean Gash
INTRODUCTION: The suicide rate in Guyana was five times higher than the world average in 2014 (WHO) which puts Guyana at the top of the list with 44.2 per 100,000 people, the highest suicide rate in the world. For every completed suicide, there are survivors who experience high levels of psychological, physical, and social distress, and report feelings of guilt, shame, social stigma, and search for meaning. AIM: The aim of this qualitative study was to explore how family members coped and understand the suicide of their loved one, and to determine what resources were available to help them during this transition...
June 2018: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781918/health-self-empowerment-theory-predicting-health-behaviors-and-bmi-in-culturally-diverse-adults
#2
Carolyn M Tucker, Julia Roncoroni, Guillermo M Wippold, Michael Marsiske, Delphia J Flenar, Kristin Hultgren
Health Self-Empowerment Theory asserts that 5 controllable psychological variables predict engagement in health-promoting behaviors. This study tests the theoretical integrity of Health Self-Empowerment Theory and its usefulness in predicting health-promoting behaviors and body mass index. Results from surveying 189 predominantly low-income, overweight/obese, and culturally diverse adults showed that most Health Self-Empowerment Theory variables were positively correlated. Structural equation modeling showed that 4 variables significantly predicted engagement in health-promoting behaviors, which mediated the relationships between body mass index and (a) motivation, (b) health self-efficacy, and (c) self-praise...
July 2018: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781632/ethnicity-moderates-the-benefits-of-perceived-support-and-emotional-expressivity-on-stress-reactivity-for-asian-americans-and-euro-americans
#3
Shu-Wen Wang, Anna S Lau
OBJECTIVE: This study examined whether ethnicity moderated the benefits of perceived support and emotion expressivity on stress responses (cortisol, negative mood, task performance) during a lab stress task for Asian Americans and Euro Americans. We hypothesized that perceived support and emotion expressivity would be less beneficial for Asian Americans (relative to Euro Americans), for whom support seeking and emotional expressivity are less aligned with cultural values. METHOD: A majority female sample (72%) of 83 Asian American (first generation, n = 30; second generation, n = 53) and 50 Euro American college students completed the Trier Social Stress Test...
May 21, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771548/boricua-de-pura-cepa-ethnic-identity-cultural-stress-and-self-concept-in-puerto-rican-youth
#4
Jenny Zhen-Duan, Farrah Jacquez, Emily Sáez-Santiago
OBJECTIVES: The available literature on ethnic identity among Puerto Ricans has focused on those living in the United States, with little to no attention placed on examining ethnic identity and psychological constructs among youth living in Puerto Rico. Using a colonial mentality framework, the current study examined the associations between ethnic identity, cultural stress, and self-concept among adolescent boys and girls living in Puerto Rico. METHOD: The current cross-sectional study surveyed participants (N = 187) recruited from several junior high schools in the metropolitan area in Puerto Rico...
May 17, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767771/do-sleep-and-psychological-distress-mediate-the-association-between-neighborhood-factors-and-pain
#5
Stephanie Brooks Holliday, Tamara Dubowitz, Bonnie Ghosh-Dastidar, Robin Beckman, Daniel Buysse, Lauren Hale, Matthew Buman, Wendy Troxel
Objective: Pain affects millions of American adults. However, individuals from socioeconomically disadvantaged groups experience higher rates of pain, and individuals from racial/ethnic minorities report greater pain severity and pain-related disability. Some studies find an association between neighborhood socioeconomic status and pain. The present study aimed to further understand the association between neighborhood disadvantage and pain, including the role of objective (e.g., crime rates) and subjective neighborhood characteristics (e...
May 14, 2018: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766655/pre-surgical-surgical-and-post-surgical-experiences-of-weight-loss-surgery-patients-a-closer-look-at-social-determinants-of-health
#6
L P Johnson, F M Asigbee, R Crowell, A Negrini
Using a novel qualitative approach, Photovoice, researchers assessed social, psychological, physical and economic barriers encountered by patients of weight loss surgery. Applying the Photovoice approach and Williams' theory of narrative reconstruction for qualitative interviewing, the research team set out to investigate the bariatric patient experience from pre-surgery to hospitalization to post-surgery. Fifteen participants were given digital cameras and asked to take photographs that represented their weight loss journeys...
May 15, 2018: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763847/race-ethnicity-psychological-resilience-and-social-support-among-oef-oif-combat-veterans
#7
Matthew S Herbert, Desmond W Leung, James O E Pittman, Elizabeth Floto, Niloofar Afari
This study examined the relationship between race/ethnicity and psychological resilience, and the moderating role of social support in this relationship among non-Hispanic White (n = 605), Hispanic (n = 107), African American (n = 141), and Asian American (n = 97) Operation Enduring Freedom/Operation Iraqi Freedom (OEF/OIF) combat veterans. Veterans were primarily male (88%) with a mean age of 31.4 years (SD = 8.35). An analysis of covariance showed that Asian American veterans reported significantly lower psychological resilience than non-Hispanic White veterans...
May 6, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757686/predictors-of-unemployment-after-breast-cancer-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#8
Li Wang, Brian Y Hong, Sean A Kennedy, Yaping Chang, Chris J Hong, Samantha Craigie, Henry Y Kwon, Beatriz Romerosa, Rachel J Couban, Susan Reid, James S Khan, Michael McGillion, Victoria Blinder, Jason W Busse
Purpose Breast cancer surgery is associated with unemployment. Identifying high-risk patients could help inform strategies to promote return to work. We systematically reviewed observational studies to explore factors associated with unemployment after breast cancer surgery. Methods We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, and PsycINFO to identify studies that explored risk factors for unemployment after breast cancer surgery. When possible, we pooled estimates of association for all independent variables reported by more than one study...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755137/legal-marriage-unequal-recognition-and-mental-health-among-same-sex-couples
#9
Allen J LeBlanc, David M Frost, Kayla Bowen
The authors examined whether the perception of unequal relationship recognition, a novel, couple-level minority stressor, has negative consequences for mental health among same-sex couples. Data came from a dyadic study of 100 ( N = 200) same-sex couples in the U.S. Being in a legal marriage was associated with lower perceived unequal recognition and better mental health; being in a registered domestic partnership or civil union - not also legally married - was associated with greater perceived unequal recognition and worse mental health...
April 2018: Journal of Marriage and the Family
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754279/changes-in-health-insurance-coverage-and-barriers-to-health-care-access-among-individuals-with-serious-psychological-distress-following-the-affordable-care-act
#10
Priscilla Novak, Andrew C Anderson, Jie Chen
The Affordable Care Act (ACA) aims to expand health insurance coverage and minimize financial barriers to receiving health care services for individuals. However, little is known about how the ACA has impacted individuals with mental health conditions. This study finds that the implementation of the ACA is associated with an increase in rate of health insurance coverage among nonelderly adults with serious psychological distress (SPD) and a reduction in delaying and forgoing necessary care. The ACA also reduced the odds of an individual with SPD not being able to afford mental health care...
May 12, 2018: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744988/behavioral-health-care-in-solid-organ-transplantation-in-a-pediatric-setting
#11
Katharine Thomson, Kristine McKenna, Katherine Bedard-Thomas, Melisa Oliva, Patricia Ibeziako
This study examined the demographic, medical, and psychiatric characteristics of transplant patients across organ groups seen by transplant psychology/psychiatry clinicians at a pediatric institution between 2008 and 2014. Chart reviews were conducted to better understand the behavioral health care provided to SOT patients and the role of transplant-dedicated psychology and psychiatry clinicians. Transplant psychology/psychiatry was consulted a total of 1060 times on 399 unique SOT patients over a 6-year period...
May 10, 2018: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743940/delayed-anxiety-and-depressive-morbidity-among-dengue-patients-in-a-multi-ethnic-urban-setting-first-report-from-sri-lanka
#12
Nayana Gunathilaka, Miyuru Chandradasa, Layani Champika, Shirom Siriwardana, Lakmini Wijesooriya
Background: Although the physical consequences of dengue are well documented, delayed psychological co-morbidities are not well studied to date. Therefore, the objective of the present study was to determine the prevalence of depressive, anxiety and stress symptoms among past dengue patients. Methods: A community-based, case-control study in a multi-ethnic urban setting was conducted in Sri Lanka involving adults who were diagnosed to have dengue fever by a positive dengue IgM antibody response between 6 and 24 months ago...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740352/a-follow-up-on-psychiatric-symptoms-and-post-traumatic-stress-disorders-in-tuareg-refugees-in-burkina-faso
#13
Mauro Giovanni Carta, Daniela Moro, Fadimata Wallet Oumar, Maria Francesca Moro, Mirra Pintus, Elisa Pintus, Luigi Minerba, Federica Sancassiani, Elisabetta Pascolo-Fabrici, Antonio Preti, Dinesh Kumar Bhugra
Introduction: The aim of this study was to carry out a 2-year follow-up of refugees in a camp in Burkina Faso who had been interviewed previously. We also aimed to verify whether the general conditions in which they lived (e.g., protection by international organizations and the conclusion of negotiations and new hope of returning to Mali and reunification with surviving family members) would affect their mental health state. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study repeated over time on a cohort of refugees...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730606/increased-cardiovascular-disease-risk-in-international-migrants-is-independent-of-residence-duration-or-cultural-orientation-the-helius-study
#14
Wilco Perini, Marieke B Snijder, Ron J G Peters, Karien Stronks, Anton E Kunst
BACKGROUND: International migrants differ from host populations in cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. It has been postulated that these disparities narrow with longer residence duration. Our aim was to determine whether CVD risk still differs between migrants and host population after decades of residence and to determine whether this potential convergence of CVD risk would occur mainly among migrants with a strong cultural orientation towards the host culture. METHODS: In the Healthy Life in an Urban Setting study, we obtained data regarding residence duration, cultural orientation as estimated by the Psychological Acculturation Scale and CVD risk as estimated by SCORE among the Dutch host population and first generation migrants from South-Asian Surinamese, African Surinamese, Moroccan and Turkish ethnic background residing in Amsterdam...
May 5, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722055/perceived-discrimination-and-suicide-ideation-moderating-roles-of-anxiety-symptoms-and-ethnic-identity-among-asian-american-african-american-and-hispanic-emerging-adults
#15
Soumia Cheref, David Talavera, Rheeda L Walker
Suicide is a leading cause of death for vulnerable ethnic minority emerging adults in the United States (Web-based injury statistics query and reporting system [WISQARS], 2015). Perceived discrimination (Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 40, 2011, 1465) and anxiety symptoms (Asian American Journal of Psychology, 1, 2010, 18) are two predictors that are theoretically and conceptually related, but have yet to be examined in a simultaneous model for suicide ideation. Existing theory and research suggest that these variables activate similar pathways (American Behavioral Scientist, 51, 2007, 551)...
May 3, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713394/who-counts-as-family-family-typologies-family-support-and-family-undermining-among-young-adult-gay-and-bisexual-men
#16
Jorge H Soler, Cleopatra H Caldwell, David Córdova, Gary Harper, José A Bauermeister
Gay and bisexual men may form chosen families in addition to or in place of families of origin. However, the characteristics of these diverse families remain largely unexamined in the quantitative literature. The purpose of this study was to develop a family typology based on responses from a racially and ethnically diverse sample of young adult gay and bisexual men (YGBM) recruited from the Detroit Metropolitan Area (N=350; 18-29 years old). To explore the role of family, we then examined family social support and social undermining in relation to YGBM psychological distress within different family types...
June 2018: Sexuality Research & Social Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685651/stress-and-health-behaviors-as-potential-mediators-of-the-relationship-between-neighborhood-quality-and-allostatic-load
#17
Robert N Buschmann, John D Prochaska, Malcolm P Cutchin, M Kristen Peek
PURPOSE: Neighborhood quality is associated with health. Increasingly, researchers are focusing on the mechanisms underlying that association, including the role of stress, risky health behaviors, and subclinical measures such as allostatic load (AL). METHODS: This study uses mixed-effects regression modeling to examine the association between two objective measures and one subjective measure of neighborhood quality and AL in an ethnically diverse population-based sample (N = 2706) from a medium-sized Texas city...
March 29, 2018: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673305/borderline-personality-features-anger-and-intimate-partner-violence-an-experimental-manipulation-of-rejection
#18
Nicholas A Armenti, Julia C Babcock
Individuals with borderline personality features may be susceptible to react to situational stressors with negative and interpersonally maladaptive emotionality (e.g., anger) and aggression. The current study attempted to test two moderated mediation models to investigate dispositional risk factors associated with borderline personality features and intimate partner violence (IPV). Results from an experimental rejection induction paradigm were examined using moderated regression to observe contextual reactions to imagined romantic rejection from a current romantic partner among individuals with borderline personality features...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672079/an-examination-of-the-psychology-of-working-theory-with-racially-and-ethnically-diverse-employed-adults
#19
Ryan D Duffy, Brandon L Velez, Jessica W England, Kelsey L Autin, Richard P Douglass, Blake A Allan, David L Blustein
The present study tested key tenets of the Psychology of Working Theory (PWT) in a sample of 526 racially and ethnically diverse employed adults. The authors investigated how economic resources and marginalization predicted decent work through experiences of work volition and career adaptability. Support for the hypotheses was mixed. There was a direct, negative relation between marginalization and decent work; a direct, positive relation between economic resources and work volition; and a direct, negative relation between marginalization and work volition...
April 2018: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669549/ethnic-minority-inequalities-in-access-to-treatments-for-schizophrenia-and-schizoaffective-disorders-findings-from-a-nationally-representative-cross-sectional-study
#20
Jayati Das-Munshi, Dinesh Bhugra, Mike J Crawford
BACKGROUND: Ethnic minority service users with schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorders may experience inequalities in care. There have been no recent studies assessing access to evidence-based treatments for psychosis amongst the main ethnic minority groups in the UK. METHODS: Data from nationally representative surveys from England and Wales, for 10,512 people with a clinical diagnosis of schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorders, were used for analyses. Multi-level multivariable logistic regression analyses were used to assess ethnic minority inequalities in access to pharmacological treatments, psychological interventions, shared decision making and care planning, taking into account a range of potential confounders...
April 18, 2018: BMC Medicine
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