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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641304/hyperemesis-gravidarum-a-review-of-recent-literature
#1
Viktoriya London, Stephanie Grube, David M Sherer, Ovadia Abulafia
BACKGROUND: In the United States, hyperemesis gravidarum is the most common cause of hospitalization during the first half of pregnancy and is second only to preterm labor for hospitalizations in pregnancy overall. In approximately 0.3-3% of pregnancies, hyperemesis gravidarum is prevalent and this percentage varies on account of different diagnostic criteria and ethnic variation in study populations. Despite extensive research in this field, the mechanism of the disease is largely unknown...
June 23, 2017: Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636668/microbiota-in-anorexia-nervosa-the-triangle-between-bacterial-species-metabolites-and-psychological-tests
#2
Francesca Borgo, Alessandra Riva, Alberto Benetti, Maria Cristina Casiraghi, Sara Bertelli, Stefania Garbossa, Simona Anselmetti, Silvio Scarone, Antonio E Pontiroli, Giulia Morace, Elisa Borghi
Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a psychiatric disease with devastating physical consequences, with a pathophysiological mechanism still to be elucidated. Metagenomic studies on anorexia nervosa have revealed profound gut microbiome perturbations as a possible environmental factor involved in the disease. In this study we performed a comprehensive analysis integrating data on gut microbiota with clinical, anthropometric and psychological traits to gain new insight in the pathophysiology of AN. Fifteen AN women were compared with fifteen age-, sex- and ethnicity-matched healthy controls...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632874/screening-for-obesity-in-children-and-adolescents-us-preventive-services-task-force-recommendation-statement
#3
David C Grossman, Kirsten Bibbins-Domingo, Susan J Curry, Michael J Barry, Karina W Davidson, Chyke A Doubeni, John W Epling, Alex R Kemper, Alex H Krist, Ann E Kurth, C Seth Landefeld, Carol M Mangione, Maureen G Phipps, Michael Silverstein, Melissa A Simon, Chien-Wen Tseng
Importance: Based on year 2000 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention growth charts, approximately 17% of children and adolescents aged 2 to 19 years in the United States have obesity, and almost 32% of children and adolescents are overweight or have obesity. Obesity in children and adolescents is associated with morbidity such as mental health and psychological issues, asthma, obstructive sleep apnea, orthopedic problems, and adverse cardiovascular and metabolic outcomes (eg, high blood pressure, abnormal lipid levels, and insulin resistance)...
June 20, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630231/understanding-medication-nonadherence-after-kidney-transplant
#4
Thomas E Nevins, Peter W Nickerson, Mary Amanda Dew
Alloimmunity remains a barrier to long-term graft survival that necessitates lifelong immunosuppressive therapy after renal transplant. Medication nonadherence has been increasingly recognized as a major impediment to achieving effective immunosuppression. Electronic medication monitoring further reveals that nonadherence manifests early after transplant, although the effect is delayed. The etiology of nonadherence is multifactorial, with the strongest risk factors including past nonadherence and being an adolescent or young adult...
June 19, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626828/contribution-of-risk-factors-to-excess-mortality-in-isolated-and-lonely-individuals-an-analysis-of-data-from-the-uk-biobank-cohort-study
#5
Marko Elovainio, Christian Hakulinen, Laura Pulkki-Råback, Marianna Virtanen, Kim Josefsson, Markus Jokela, Jussi Vahtera, Mika Kivimäki
BACKGROUND: The associations of social isolation and loneliness with premature mortality are well known, but the risk factors linking them remain unclear. We sought to identify risk factors that might explain the increased mortality in socially isolated and lonely individuals. METHODS: We used prospective follow-up data from the UK Biobank cohort study to assess self-reported isolation (a three-item scale) and loneliness (two questions). The main outcomes were all-cause and cause-specific mortality...
June 2017: Lancet. Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619697/depression-and-pain-in-asian-americans-and-whites-with-knee-osteoarthritis
#6
Hyochol Ahn, Michael Weaver, Debra Lyon, Eunyoung Choi, Roger B Fillingim
Few studies have examined the underlying psychosocial mechanisms of pain in Asian Americans. Using the biopsychosocial model, we sought to determine whether variations in depression contribute to racial group differences in symptomatic knee osteoarthritis pain between Asian Americans and non-Hispanic whites. The sample consisted of 100 participants, including 50 Asian Americans (28 Korean Americans, 9 Chinese Americans, 7 Japanese Americans, 5 Filipino Americans, and 1 Indian American) and 50 age- and sex-matched non-Hispanic whites with symptomatic knee osteoarthritis pain...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618107/blood-pressure-and-psychological-distress-among-north-africans-in-france-the-role-of-perceived-personal-group-discrimination-and-gender
#7
Florence Loose, Marie Tiboulet, Christelle Maisonneuve, Anne Taillandier-Schmitt, Michael Dambrun
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine the associations between perceived ethnic discrimination and (physical and mental) health indicators among North African women and men living in France. METHODS: This study included 82 North Africans, aged 18-64 years. Perceived discrimination was measured at both group level (PGD) and personal level (PPD). The physical health indicator was blood pressure. The mental health indicator was self-reported psychological distress...
June 15, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617837/risk-factors-and-protective-factors-associated-with-incident-or-increase-of-frailty-among-community-dwelling-older-adults-a-systematic-review-of-longitudinal-studies
#8
Zeyun Feng, Marjolein Lugtenberg, Carmen Franse, Xinye Fang, Shanlian Hu, Chunlin Jin, Hein Raat
INTRODUCTION: Frailty is one of the greatest challenges facing our aging population, as it can lead to adverse outcomes such as institutionalization, hospitalization, and mortality. However, the factors that are associated with frailty are poorly understood. We performed a systematic review of longitudinal studies in order to identify the sociodemographic, physical, biological, lifestyle-related, and psychological risk or protective factors that are associated with frailty among community-dwelling older adults...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617043/eveningness-is-associated-with-greater-depressive-symptoms-in-type-2-diabetes-patients-a-study-in-two-different-ethnic-cohorts
#9
Sunee Saetung, Hataikarn Nimitphong, Nantaporn Siwasaranond, Areesa Manodpitipong, Stephanie J Crowley, Megan M Hood, Sirimon Reutrakul
BACKGROUND: Eveningness is associated with greater depressive symptoms in the general population. Depression and type 2 diabetes (T2D) commonly coexist. We aimed to explore the association between morningness/eveningness and depressive symptoms in T2D patients in the United States and in Thailand. PARTICIPANTS: T2D patients (n=182) from an endocrinology clinic in Chicago, Illinois and six hospitals in Thailand (n=251) were enrolled. METHODS: Diabetes history was collected...
June 15, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603680/society-of-pediatric-psychology-diversity-award-training-underrepresented-minority-students-in-psychology
#10
Monica J Mitchell, Lori E Crosby
Improving diversity, particularly among trainees and professionals from underrepresented ethnic minority backgrounds, has been a long-stated goal for the field of Psychology. Research has provided strategies and best practices, such as ensuring cultural sensitivity and relevance in coursework, clinical and research training, promoting a supportive and inclusive climate, providing access to cultural and community opportunities, and increasing insight and cultural competence among professionals (Rogers & Molina, 2006)...
December 2016: Clinical Practice in Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599383/self-care-challenges-in-adolescents-a-comprehensive-literature-review
#11
REVIEW
Maryam Masoumi, Zohreh Shahhosseini
Background Adolescence is the period of accepting self-care responsibility. Many severe diseases that cause early mortality are rooted in adolescence. Hence, adolescence is the definitive time for preventive interventions such as self-care behaviors. In addition to the benefits of self-care behaviors, evidence shows that adolescents face barriers in performing self-care behaviors. Objective The aim of the current study to review the self-care challenges for adolescents. Methods Databases such as Google Scholar, ScienceDirect, PubMed, Web of Science, Scientific Information Database and Scopus were searched to extract papers published from 1994 to 2016 based on the inclusion criterion...
May 24, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596618/development-of-a-cross-cultural-hpv-community-engagement-model-within-scotland
#12
Elaine Carnegie, Anne Whittaker, Carol Gray Brunton, Rhona Hogg, Catriona Kennedy, Shona Hilton, Seeromanie Harding, Kevin G Pollock, Janette Pow
OBJECTIVE: To examine cultural barriers and participant solutions regarding acceptance and uptake of the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine from the perspective of Black African, White-Caribbean, Arab, Indian, Bangladeshi and Pakistani young people. METHODS: In total, 40 young people from minority ethnic communities in Scotland took part in a qualitative study, involving seven focus groups and four paired interviews, to explore their views and experiences of the HPV vaccine...
June 2017: Health Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595325/maternal-lifetime-stress-and-prenatal-psychological-functioning-are-associated-with-decreased-placental-mitochondrial-dna-copy-number-in-the-prism-study
#13
Kelly J Brunst, Marco Sanchez Guerra, Chris Gennings, Michele Hacker, Calvin Jara, Michelle Bosquet Enlow, Robert O Wright, Andrea Baccarelli, Rosalind J Wright
Psychosocial stress contributes to placental oxidative stress. Mitochondria are vulnerable to oxidative stress which can lead to changes in mitochondrial DNA copy number (mtDNAcn). We examined associations between maternal lifetime stress, current negative life events, depressive and posttraumatic stress disorder symptom scores and placental mtDNAcn in a racially/ethnically diverse sample (N = 147) from the PRogramming of Intergenerational Stress Mechanisms study (March 2011- August 2012). In linear regression analyses adjusted for maternal age, race/ethnicity, education, prenatal fine particulate matter, prenatal smoking, and child sex, all measures of stress were associated with decreased placental mtDNAcn (all P-values < 0...
June 8, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593822/measurement-and-structural-invariance-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-in-hispanic-and-caucasian-firefighters
#14
Consuelo Arbona, Weihua Fan, Jonathan Schwartz, Christine Pao, Jana K Tran, Sam Buser
This study compared across Hispanic and Caucasian firefighters the relative fit of the four-factor Emotional Numbing and Dysphoria posttraumatic stress disorder models to the more recently proposed Dysphoric Arousal five-factor model. As hypothesized, the Dysphoric Arousal five-factor model emerged as the best fitting model within each ethnic group and it also showed measurement invariance between groups (configural invariance). Results of multigroup confirmatory factor analyses and a bias-corrected bootstrap confidence intervals analytic approach indicated that the five factor model also demonstrated invariance in factor loadings (metric invariance) and item-level intercepts (scalar invariance) across the two ethnic groups...
January 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591203/positive-mental-health-among-health-professionals-working-at-a-psychiatric-hospital
#15
Louisa Picco, Qi Yuan, Janhavi Ajit Vaingankar, Sherilyn Chang, Edimansyah Abdin, Hong Choon Chua, Siow Ann Chong, Mythily Subramaniam
BACKGROUND: Positive mental health (PMH) is a combination of emotional, psychological and social well-being that is necessary for an individual to be mentally healthy. The current study aims to examine the socio-demographic differences of PMH among mental health professionals and to explore the association between job satisfaction and total PMH. METHODS: Doctors, nurses and allied health staff (n = 462) completed the online survey which included the multidimensional 47-item PMH instrument as well as a single item job satisfaction question...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583060/impact-of-social-support-and-pain-coping-abilityon-length-of-stay-and-discharge-disposition-following-hip-and-knee-arthroplasty-a-prospective-study
#16
Emmanuel Edusei, Kelsey Grossman, Ashley Payne, Brian Perez, Ifeoma Inneh, Charles Nelson, James Slover
INTRODUCTION: While there are many factors known to predict the outcomes of hip and knee arthroplasty procedures, there is a growing interest in predictors that take into consideration the social and psychological preparedness of patients prior to surgery. This study's aim was to determine whether patients' preoperative social support and pain catastrophizing characteristics are independently associated with the outcomes of postoperative length of stay or discharge disposition following primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA)...
April 2017: Bulletin of the Hospital for Joint Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581324/helping-yourself-helps-others-linking-children-s-emotion-regulation-to-prosocial-behavior-through-sympathy-and-trust
#17
Ju-Hyun Song, Tyler Colasante, Tina Malti
Although emotionally well-regulated children are more likely to behave prosocially, the psychological processes that connect their emotion regulation abilities and prosocial behavior are less clear. We tested if other-oriented sympathy and trust mediated the links between emotion regulation capacities (i.e., resting respiratory sinus arrhythmia [RSA], negative emotional intensity, and sadness regulation) and prosocial behavior in an ethnically diverse sample of 4- and 8-year-olds (N = 131; 49% girls). Resting RSA was calculated from children's electrocardiogram data in response to a nondescript video...
June 5, 2017: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581320/who-self-identifies-as-disabled-an-examination-of-impairment-and-contextual-predictors
#18
Kathleen R Bogart, Adena Rottenstein, Emily M Lund, Lauren Bouchard
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE: According to Social Identity Theory, minority group members, like people with disabilities, manage stigma by either "passing" as majority group members or identifying with their minority group. Approximately 15% of the world's population has a disability, but only a fraction of those individuals identify themselves as people with disabilities. Disability identification has been associated with positive outcomes including psychosocial well-being, self-advocacy, and political engagement...
June 5, 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578516/risk-perception-sexual-behaviors-and-prep-adherence-among-substance-using-men-who-have-sex-with-men-a-qualitative-study
#19
Erik D Storholm, Jonathan E Volk, Julia L Marcus, Michael J Silverberg, Derek D Satre
The antiretroviral drug combination emtricitabine and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF/FTC) taken as pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is effective in preventing HIV infection, yet it also requires adherence and potentially decreases condom use. This study sought to examine these issues among a key population at risk of HIV infection, substance-using men who have sex with men (MSM). We conducted semi-structured interviews with an ethnically diverse sample of 30 young (aged 20-35) MSM prescribed PrEP within a large integrated healthcare system in San Francisco, who had reported recent drug use or hazardous drinking and one or more missed doses of PrEP...
June 3, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574480/ethnic-groups-differences-in-domestic-recovery-after-the-catastrophe-a-case-study-of-the-2008-magnitude-7-9-earthquake-in-china
#20
Ying Wang, Yingqi Zhu, Qi Sui
This research examined the ethnic differences in domestic recovery after the 2008 Wenchuan Earthquake in China. In 2014, 866 valid questionnaires were collected. Han and Qiang & Zang households were analyzed using logistic regression to determine the factors influencing household recovery. It was found that the householder of the Qiang & Zang group played a more important role in household recovery. Different from the Han, females from Qiang & Zang households had negative attitudes on recovery, and Qiang & Zang households did not believe in the effectiveness of public donations for post-quake recovery...
June 2, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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