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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165223/health-status-of-asylum-seekers-spain
#1
Núria Serre-Delcor, Carlos Ascaso, Antoni Soriano-Arandes, Francisco Collazos Sanchez, Begoña Treviño Maruri, Elena Sulleiro, Diana Pou Ciruelo, Cristina Bocanegra Garcia, Israel Molina Romero
The rising rate of conflicts and the unsafe situation caused by reasons of ethnicity, religion, gender, sexual orientation, political opinion, or nationality entail an increase in the number of migratory movements. The goal of this article is to describe the health status of asylum seekers visited in an international health center. We conducted a retrospective study of the asylum seekers visited between July 2013 and June 2016. A total of 303 cases were included. The median age was 28.0 years (interquartile range [IQR]: 21-35), and 203 (67...
November 20, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164379/identifying-as-american-among-adolescents-from-asian-backgrounds
#2
Lisa Kiang, Melissa R Witkow
An important aspect of identity development requires adolescents to consider and select the cultural label or labels that best fit with their conception of who they are. Yet, little is known about the longitudinal development of such labeling preferencs and their possible links with adjustment. Using longitudinal data from 180 Asian Americans (60% female; 74% U.S.-born), intra-individual and group-level changes in adolescents' American label use were tracked. Over time, 48% chose an American label as their "best-fitting" label and 42% chose an American label at least once, but did not include an American label during at least one other time point...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164378/discrimination-and-sleep-difficulties-during-adolescence-the-mediating-roles-of-loneliness-and-perceived-stress
#3
Angelina Majeno, Kim M Tsai, Virginia W Huynh, Heather McCreath, Andrew J Fuligni
Irregular and insufficient sleep place youth at risk for adverse psychological and physical health outcomes. Recent research indicates that discrimination constitutes a type of stressor that interferes with adolescent sleep; however, the mechanisms through which discrimination affects sleep are not well understood. This study examined whether ethnic and non-ethnic (i.e., gender, age, and height/weight) discrimination were associated with adolescents' sleep duration, variability, and quality, and whether loneliness and perceived stress mediated these associations...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163100/resting-heart-rate-variability-facets-of-rumination-and-trait-anxiety-implications-for-the-perseverative-cognition-hypothesis
#4
DeWayne P Williams, Nicole R Feeling, LaBarron K Hill, Derek P Spangler, Julian Koenig, Julian F Thayer
The perseverative cognition hypothesis (PCH) posits that perseveration, defined as the repetitive or sustained activation of cognitive representations of a real or imagined stressor, is a primary mechanism linking psychological (or stress) vulnerability with poor health and disease. Resting vagally mediated heart rate variability (vmHRV) is an important indicator of self-regulatory abilities, stress vulnerability and overall health. Those with lower resting vmHRV are more vulnerable to stress, and thus more likely to engage in perseverative cognition and experience subsequent negative mental health outcomes such as anxiety...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158888/initial-evidence-that-non-clinical-autistic-traits-are-associated-with-lower-income
#5
William J Skylark, Simon Baron-Cohen
Among non-clinical samples, autistic traits correlate with a range of educational and social outcomes. However, previous work has not investigated the relationship between autistic traits and income, a key determinant of socio-economic status and well-being. In five studies (total N = 2491), we recruited participants without a diagnosis of autism from the general US population via an online platform and administered the short-form Autism Spectrum Quotient (AQ) as well as asked a range of demographic questions...
2017: Molecular Autism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156100/doctoral-training-in-clinical-psychology-across-23-years-continuity-and-change
#6
John C Norcross, Michael A Sayette, Andrew M Pomerantz
OBJECTIVE: Doctoral training in clinical psychology has undergone substantial changes in recent decades, especially with the increasing heterogeneity of training models and graduate students. To document these changes, we analyzed program, student, and faculty characteristics of American Psychological Association (APA)-accredited clinical psychology programs over a 23-year span. METHOD: We surveyed directors of clinical training about their doctoral programs every 2 years from 1991 to 2013, securing 90%-98% response rates...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149583/why-traditional-metrics-may-not-adequately-represent-ethnic-minority-psychology
#7
Moin Syed
The first Perspectives on Psychological Science symposium on eminence in psychology focused almost exclusively on "traditional" markers of success (e.g., citation counts, awards, grants). In this essay, I argue that the context of the research and the context of the researchers are crucial components of ethnic minority psychology. First, I describe structural reasons for why ethnic minority researchers might have less impressive traditional markers of success; then, I highlight how the "minority tax" contours the scholarly activities of ethnic minority researchers...
November 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134632/heterogeneous-relationships-between-labor-income-and-health-by-race-ethnicity
#8
Abdulkarim M Meraya, Nilanjana Dwibedi, Kim Innes, Sophie Mitra, Xi Tan, Usha Sambamoorthi
OBJECTIVE: To examine the race-stratified relationships between labor income and health among working-age adults in the United States. DATA SOURCES: Data from eight waves of the Panel Study of Income Dynamics from 1999 through 2013 were used for this study. STUDY DESIGN: The study utilized a retrospective observational longitudinal design with repeated measures of labor income and health measures. System-generalized method of moment and heteroscedasticity-based instrument regressions were used to examine the relationships between labor income and physical and mental health measures, respectively...
November 13, 2017: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130252/i-introduction-moving-through-adolescence-developmental-trajectories-of-african-american-and-european-american-youth
#9
Leslie Morrison Gutman, Stephen C Peck, Oksana Malanchuk, Arnold J Sameroff, Jacquelynne S Eccles
In this monograph, we investigate the developmental trajectories of a predominantly middle-class, community-based sample of European American and African American adolescents growing up in urban, suburban, and rural areas in Maryland, United States. Within risk-protection and positive youth development frameworks, we selected developmental measures based on the normative tasks of adolescence and the most widely studied indicators in the three major contexts of development: families, peer groups, and schools...
December 2017: Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130063/stress-self-regulation-and-context-evidence-from-the-health-and-retirement-survey
#10
Briana Mezuk, Scott Ratliff, Jeannie B Concha, Cleopatra M Abdou, Jane Rafferty, Hedwig Lee, James S Jackson
Health-related behaviors, such as smoking, alcohol use, exercise, and diet, are major determinants of physical health and health disparities. However, a growing body of experimental research in humans and animals also suggests these behaviors can impact the ways our bodies respond to stress, such that they modulate (that is, serve as a means to self-regulate or cope with) the deleterious impact of stressful experiences on mental health. A handful of epidemiologic studies have investigated the intersection between stress and health behaviors on health disparities (both mental and physical), with mixed results...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124965/perceived-inequalities-in-care-and-support-for-older-women-from-black-and-minority-ethnic-backgrounds-in-wales-findings-from-a-survey-exploring-dignity-from-service-providers-perspectives
#11
Juping Yu, Roiyah Saltus, Paul Jarvis
OBJECTIVE: As part of a large mixed-method study aimed at capturing understandings of dignity, and care expectations of community dwelling older women from Black and minority ethnic (BME) backgrounds living in Wales, the aim of this paper is to compare service providers' perceptions of their care and support provided to older people in general, and to older women from BME backgrounds in particular, with a focus on two dignity indicators: care and support needs, and effective communication...
November 10, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117340/race-and-ethnicity-do-not-clinically-associate-with-quality-of-life-among-patients-with-chronic-severe-pain-in-a-federally-qualified-health-center
#12
Lara Dhingra, Robert Schiller, Raymond Teets, Sarah Nosal, Sandra Rodriguez, Gabriel Cruciani, Malcolm Barrett, Regina Ginzburg, Ebtesam Ahmed, Thomas Wasser, Jack Chen, Saskia Shuman, Casey Crump, Russell Portenoy
Objective: Previous research suggests that race/ethnicity predicts health-related quality of life (HRQL) in chronic pain populations but has not examined this in community settings. This study evaluated this association in 522 community-dwelling patients with chronic pain treated at a Federally Qualified Health Center (FQHC). Design: Cross-sectional secondary analysis. Setting: Six practice sites of an FQHC in New York. Subjects: One hundred forty-two non-Hispanic blacks, 121 non-Hispanic whites, 219 Hispanics, and 40 classified as "other" with severe chronic pain...
May 10, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117081/the-lived-experiences-of-persons-hospitalized-for-construction-of-an-urgent-fecal-ostomy
#13
Per Herlufsen, Anne Brødsgaard
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to describe the lived experiences of hospital stays for patients undergoing urgent ostomy surgery. DESIGN: Qualitative, descriptive, phenomenological study. SUBJECTS AND SETTING: Six persons undergoing acute hospital admission and urgent ileostomy or colostomy surgery (either permanent or temporary) participated in the study. Participants were of Danish ethnicity and between the ages of 48 and 75 years...
November 2017: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115909/individual-premigration-and-postsettlement-factors-and-academic-achievement-in-adolescents-from-refugee-backgrounds-a-systematic-review-and-model
#14
Charissa W S Wong, Robert D Schweitzer
We have limited understanding of the precursors of academic achievement in resettled adolescents from refugee backgrounds. To date, no clear model has been developed to conceptualise the academic trajectories of adolescents from refugee backgrounds at postsettlement. The current review had two aims. First, to propose an integrated adaptive model to conceptualise the impact of individual, premigration, and postsettlement factors on academic achievement at postsettlement; and second, to critically examine the literature on factors that predict academic achievement in adolescents from refugee backgrounds in relation to the proposed model and highlight issues deserving future exploration...
January 1, 2017: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104021/police-violence-among-women-in-four-u-s-cities
#15
Lisa Fedina, Bethany L Backes, Hyun-Jin Jun, Roma Shah, Boyoung Nam, Bruce G Link, Jordan E DeVylder
Police violence has been identified as a public health concern in the U.S., yet few studies have assessed the prevalence and nature of police violence among women. Furthermore, increasing evidence suggests that women reporting intimate partner violence (IPV) and sexual violence (SV) to police are often met with harmful or neglectful police responses and thus, women's exposures to police violence may be associated with experiences of IPV and SV; however, this has not yet been empirically tested. This study assesses lifetime prevalence and sociodemographic correlates of police violence among women and investigates potential associations between IPV, SV, and police violence...
November 8, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102992/association-of-psychological-distress-quality-of-life-and-costs-with-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-severity-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-palms-cohort
#16
Christina Jerosch-Herold, Julie Houghton, Julian Blake, Anum Shaikh, Edward Cf Wilson, Lee Shepstone
OBJECTIVES: The Prediciting factors for response to treatment in carpal tunnel syndrome (PALMS) study is designed to identify prognostic factors for outcome from corticosteroid injection and surgical decompression for carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) and predictors of cost over 2 years. The aim of this paper is to explore the cross-sectional association of baseline patient-reported and clinical severity with anxiety, depression, health-related quality of life and costs of CTS in patients referred to secondary care...
November 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098598/anxiety-stress-and-trauma-symptoms-in-african-americans-negative-affectivity-does-not-explain-the-relationship-between-microaggressions-and-psychopathology
#17
Monnica T Williams, Jonathan W Kanter, Terence H W Ching
Prior research has demonstrated a clear relationship between experiences of racial microaggressions and various indicators of psychological unwellness. One concern with these findings is that the role of negative affectivity, considered a marker of neuroticism, has not been considered. Negative affectivity has previously been correlated to experiences of racial discrimination and psychological unwellness and has been suggested as a cause of the observed relationship between microaggressions and psychopathology...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094976/interrelations-among-dimensions-of-ethnic-racial-identity-during-adolescence
#18
Diane L Hughes, Juan Del Toro, Niobe Way
Two approaches to conceptualizing ethnic-racial identity development dominate the literature within developmental psychology-1 focused on the process of ethnic-racial identity development, including exploration and commitment, and another focused on the evaluative components of identity, including private and public regard. In this study, we examined the interrelations among exploration, commitment, private regard, and public regard across three years in an ethnically diverse sample of Black, Dominican, Chinese, and White early adolescents...
November 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091781/factors-associated-with-suicide-case-control-study-in-south-tyrol
#19
Giancarlo Giupponi, Marco Innamorati, Ross J Baldessarini, Diego De Leo, Francesca de Giovannelli, Roger Pycha, Andreas Conca, Paolo Girardi, Maurizio Pompili
BACKGROUND: As suicide is related to many factors in addition to psychiatric illness, broad and comprehensive risk-assessment for risk of suicide is required. This study aimed to differentiate nondiagnostic risk factors among suicides versus comparable psychiatric patients without suicidal behavior. METHODS: We carried out a pilot, case-control comparison of 131 cases of suicide in South Tyrol matched for age and sex with 131 psychiatric controls, using psychological autopsy methods to evaluate differences in clinically assessed demographic, social, and clinical factors, using bivariate conditional Odds Risk comparisons followed by conditional regression modeling controlled for ethnicity...
September 28, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091541/a-multilevel-social-neuroscience-perspective-on-radicalization-and-terrorism
#20
Jean Decety, Clifford I Workman
Why are some people capable of sympathizing with and/or committing acts of political violence, such as attacks aimed at innocent targets? Attempts to construct terrorist profiles based on individual and situational factors, such as clinical, psychological, ethnic, and socio-demographic variables, have largely failed. Although individual and situational factors must be at work, it is clear that they alone cannot explain how certain individuals are radicalized. In this paper, we propose that a comprehensive understanding of radicalization and of how it may lead to political violence requires the integration of information across multiple levels of analysis and interdisciplinary perspectives from evolutionary theory, social, personality and cognitive psychology, political science and neuroscience...
November 1, 2017: Social Neuroscience
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