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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944679/risk-and-protective-factors-for-health-related-quality-of-life-among-persons-aging-with-hiv
#1
Annie L Nguyen, Candice J McNeil, S Duke Han, Scott D Rhodes
For persons living with HIV, health-related quality of life (HRQOL) may be threatened by physical and mental conditions but may be protected by positive psychological traits. We performed an exploratory look at the risk and protective factors for HRQOL in older adults living with HIV. Cross-sectional analyses of baseline data from the Rush Center of Excellence on Disparities in HIV and Aging (CEDHA), a community-based cohort of persons ages ≥50 living with HIV (n = 176) were performed. Analyses examined the relationship between risk/protective factors and two outcomes (i...
September 25, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938955/cumulative-psychological-stress-and-cardiovascular-disease-risk-in-middle-aged-and-older-women-rationale-design-and-baseline-characteristics
#2
Michelle A Albert, Eva M Durazo, Natalie Slopen, Alan M Zaslavsky, Julie E Buring, Ted Silva, Daniel Chasman, David R Williams
Although a growing body of evidence indicates strong links between psychological stress (stress) and untoward cardiovascular disease (CVD) outcomes, comprehensive examination of these effects remains lacking. The "Cumulative Psychological Stress and Cardiovascular Disease Risk in Middle Aged and Older Women" study is embedded within the landmark Women's Health Study (WHS) follow-up cohort and seeks to evaluate the individual and joint effects of stressors (cumulative stress) on incident CVD risk, including myocardial infarction, stroke, coronary revascularization and CVD death...
October 2017: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934128/neuroticism-predicts-subsequent-risk-of-major-depression-for-whites-but-not-blacks
#3
Shervin Assari
Cultural and ethnic differences in psychosocial and medical correlates of negative affect are well documented. This study aimed to compare blacks and whites for the predictive role of baseline neuroticism (N) on subsequent risk of major depressive episodes (MDD) 25 years later. Data came from the Americans' Changing Lives (ACL) Study, 1986-2011. We used data on 1219 individuals (847 whites and 372 blacks) who had data on baseline N in 1986 and future MDD in 2011. The main predictor of interest was baseline N, measured using three items in 1986...
September 21, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928097/tooth-colour-and-whiteness-a-review
#4
Andrew Joiner, Wen Luo
OBJECTIVES: To review current knowledge concerning the application of colour science on tooth colour and whiteness description, measurement, distribution and its psychological impact. DATA SOURCES: "Scopus" databases were searched electronically with the principal keywords tooth, teeth, colour, white, whiteness. Language was restricted to English and original studies and reviews were included. Conference papers and abstracts were excluded. CONCLUSIONS: The appearance and colour of teeth is a common concern for patients across many populations and is associated with an increased desire for treatments that improve dental aesthetics, including tooth whitening...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922736/reduced-white-matter-integrity-in-borderline-personality-disorder-a-diffusion-tensor-imaging-study
#5
Taiga Ninomiya, Harumi Oshita, Yoshihisa Kawano, Chiharu Goto, Mai Matsuhashi, Koji Masuda, Fuku Takita, Toshihiko Izumi, Ayako Inoue, Haruka Higuma, Masayuki Kanehisa, Jotaro Akiyoshi
BACKGROUND: Borderline personality disorder (BPD) has a pervasive pattern of instability in interpersonal relationships, self-image, and emotions. BPD may be linked to an abnormal brain anatomy, but little is known about possible impairments of the white matter microstructure in BPD or their relationship with impulsivity or risky behaviors. The aims of the present study were to explore the relationship between BPD and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) parameters and psychological tests. METHODS: We evaluated 35 un-medicated BPD patients in a medication-free state and 50 healthy controls (HCs)...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919432/chronic-pain-and-telomere-length-in-community-dwelling-adults-findings-from-the-1999-2002-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#6
Alta M Steward, Julia D Morgan, Juan P Espinosa, Dennis C Turk, Kushang V Patel
Chronic pain is a common condition associated with psychological distress, functional impairments, and age-associated comorbidity. Preliminary studies, based on relatively small sample sizes, suggest that the combination of chronic pain and stress is associated with telomere shortening, a widely recognized marker of cellular aging. We sought to determine the cross-sectional association of chronic pain with telomere length in 7,816 community-dwelling adults ages 20 and older who participated in the 1999-2002 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913774/is-integration-always-most-adaptive-the-role-of-cultural-identity-in-academic-achievement-and-in-psychological-adaptation-of-immigrant-students-in-germany
#7
Kristin Schotte, Petra Stanat, Aileen Edele
Immigrant adaptation research views identification with the mainstream context as particularly beneficial for sociocultural adaptation, including academic achievement, and identification with the ethnic context as particularly beneficial for psychological adaptation. A strong identification with both contexts is considered most beneficial for both outcomes (integration hypothesis). However, it is unclear whether the integration hypothesis applies in assimilative contexts, across different outcomes, and across different immigrant groups...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910949/-china-hainan-centenarian-cohort-study-study-design-and-preliminary-results
#8
Y He, F X Luan, Y Yao, S S Yang, H G Xie, J Li, M Liu, J H Wang, L Wu, Q Zhu, X P Chen, C X Ning, L N Wang, X Y Li, S B Zhang, F Zhang, Y L Zhao
Objective: To investigate the health status, functional ability, mental psychology, health care and other longevity-related characteristics of individuals aged ≥100 years as well as risk factors in Hainan province, China. Methods: China Hainan Centenarian Cohort Study (CHCCS) is a community-based, prospective cohort study to establish multi-dimensional database consisting of questionnaire findings, anthropometric parameters and biological specimens as well as imaging features. With the household registration information provided by the Department of Civil Affairs of Hainan province, a baseline survey was conducted in centenarians in 18 counties in Hainan with the oldest old in 5 counties as controls between 2014 and 2017...
September 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910704/class-advantages-and-disadvantages-are-not-so-black-and-white-intersectionality-impacts-rank-and-selves
#9
REVIEW
Tiffany N Brannon, Gerald D Higginbotham, Kyshia Henderson
At the intersection of race and class the consequences of being working-class or middle-class are not so Black and White. Rather, established and emerging research suggests that race/ethnicity and social class intersect to differentially afford benefits and burdens. For instance, racial/ethnic minorities often do not reap the social, psychological or economic benefits of higher social class; yet, in some key life domains (e.g. health and mortality) racial/ethnic minorities in the U.S. seem to be buffered from some burdens of lower social class...
August 30, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901219/primary-prevention-of-stroke-and-cardiovascular-disease-in-the-community-prevents-methodology-of-a-health-wellness-coaching-intervention-to-reduce-stroke-and-cardiovascular-disease-risk-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#10
Susan Mahon, Rita Krishnamurthi, Alain Vandal, Emma Witt, Suzanne Barker-Collo, Priya Parmar, Alice Theadom, Alan Barber, Bruce Arroll, Elaine Rush, Hinemoa Elder, Jesse Dyer, Valery Feigin
Rationale Stroke is a major cause of death and disability worldwide, yet 80% of strokes can be prevented through modifications of risk factors and lifestyle and by medication. While management strategies for primary stroke prevention in high cardiovascular disease risk individuals are well established, they are underutilized and existing practice of primary stroke prevention are inadequate. Behavioral interventions are emerging as highly promising strategies to improve cardiovascular disease risk factor management...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889062/affective-dysregulation-predicts-incident-nonmedical-prescription-analgesic-use-among-college-students
#11
Christine K Morioka, Donna E Howard, Kimberly M Caldeira, Min Qi Wang, Amelia M Arria
INTRODUCTION: This study investigated the relationship between four suspected risk factors-affective dysregulation, conduct problems, depressive symptoms, and psychological distress-and incident nonmedical prescription analgesic (NPA) use among college students. METHODS: The sample was derived from 929 college students from a large, mid-Atlantic university who completed the third annual College Life Study assessment (Y3) and were NPA use naïve at baseline (Y1)...
September 1, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885952/military-sexual-trauma-in-female-veterans-is-associated-with-chronic-pain-conditions
#12
Sara B Cichowski, Rebecca G Rogers, Elizabeth A Clark, Erin Murata, Allison Murata, Glen Murata
INTRODUCTION: Little is known about the impact of MST on chronic pain conditions among female Veterans. The primary objective of this study was to compare the prevalence of chronic pain conditions among U.S. female veterans with a history of military sexual trauma (MST) to those without a history of MST. We anticipated that female Veterans with a history of MST would have higher associations with chronic pain conditions than the female Veterans without a history of MST. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a large-scale, retrospective study using the Veterans' Health Administration Corporate Data Warehouse with institutional approval (15-H175)...
September 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885864/examining-trauma-and-readiness-to-change-among-women-in-a-community-re-entry-program
#13
Michael Killian, Andrea N Cimino, Natasha S Mendoza, Randy Shively, Kami Kunz
BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and co-occurring substance use disorders (SUDs) are common among women who are incarcerated. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between trauma and readiness to change substance use behaviors. METHODS: This study used data from 103 participants enrolled in a residential re-entry program for women with SUDs and trauma history. Women reporting clinically elevated Trauma Symptom Inventory (TSI) subscale scores were compared to those without elevated scores on the University of Rhode Island Change Assessment (URICA) readiness to change instrument...
September 8, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870108/positive-and-negative-affectivity-stress-and-well-being-in-african-americans-initial-demonstration-of-a-polynomial-regression-and-response-surface-methodology-approach
#14
Jennifer Pierce, Ludmila Zhdanova, Todd Lucas
OBJECTIVE: The extent to which positive (PA) and negative (NA) affect conjointly impact well-being is not yet well understood. Additionally, research investigating the role of affectivity in maintaining well-being among ethnic and racial minorities is scant. The current research demonstrates how polynomial regression and response surface methodology (PR and RSM) may be used to better understand how PA and NA jointly influence stress and well-being. DESIGN: In Study 1, 291 African-American undergraduates (Mage = 22...
September 5, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869905/how-acceptable-are-intoxicated-behaviors-discrepancy-between-personal-versus-perceived-approval
#15
Ashley D Lowery, Jennifer E Merrill, Kate B Carey
INTRODUCTION: College students report high rates of binge drinking yet they reliably endorse elevated perceptions of drinking by their peers. However, the drinking norms literature offers little insight into how college students think about behaviors exhibited while intoxicated. This study aims to determine (a) if the predicted self-other differences (SODs) are seen among college students with respect to approval of intoxicated behaviors and (b) whether gender and race/ethnicity moderate these differences...
August 18, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865428/psychosocial-stressors-contributing-to-emergency-psychiatric-service-utilization-in-a-sample-of-ethno-culturally-diverse-clients-with-psychosis-in-toronto
#16
Martin Rotenberg, Andrew Tuck, Kwame McKenzie
BACKGROUND: Understanding the psychosocial stressors of people with psychoses from minority ethnic groups may help in the development of culturally appropriate services. This study aimed to compare psychosocial factors associated with attendance at an emergency department (ED) for six ethnic groups. Preventing crises or supporting people better in the community may decrease hospitalization and improve outcomes. METHOD: A cohort was created by retrospective case note analysis of people of East-Asian, South-Asian, Black-African, Black-Caribbean, White-North American and White-European origin groups attending a specialized psychiatric ED in Toronto with a diagnosis of psychosis between 2009 and 2011...
September 2, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857899/alcohol-and-substance-use-race-and-insurance-status-predict-nontreatment-for-hepatitis-c-virus-in-the-era-of-direct-acting-antivirals-a-retrospective-study-in-a-large-urban-tertiary-center
#17
Omar T Sims, Yuqi Guo, Mohamed G Shoreibah, Krishna Venkata, Paul Fitzmorris, Vishnu Kommineni, John Romano, Omar I Massoud
OBJECTIVE: Direct acting antivirals (DAAs) have overcome many long-standing medical barriers to hepatitis C virus (HCV) treatment (i.e. host characteristics and medical contraindications) and treatment outcome disparities that were associated with interferon regimens. The public health and clinical benefit of current and forthcoming DAA discoveries will be limited if efforts are not made to examine racial, psychological, and socioeconomic factors associated with being treated with DAAs...
August 29, 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846057/examining-marianismo-gender-role-attitudes-ethnic-identity-mental-health-and-substance-use-in-mexican-american-early-adolescent-girls
#18
Delida Sanchez, Elizabeth A Vandewater, Emma R Hamilton
Given the increased trend in substance use patterns among Latina adolescents in recent years, the need for research that identifies gender-specific and culturally relevant protective factors is essential in tailoring interventions. The current study examined the links between marianismo gender role attitudes, ethnic identity, and substance use abstinence among 277 low-income Mexican American early adolescent girls. Mental health was also examined as a potential moderator in these links. Results of linear regression analysis revealed that familismo, virtuous/chaste, and spiritual marianismo gender role attitudes were predictive of stronger ethnic identity; conversely, self-silencing marianismo attitudes were predictive of weaker ethnic identity...
August 28, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845344/racial-and-ethnic-differences-in-mental-illness-stigma-and-discrimination-among-californians-experiencing-mental-health-challenges
#19
Eunice C Wong, Rebecca L Collins, Jennifer Cerully, Rachana Seelam, Beth Roth
Reports racial and ethnic differences on the California Well-Being Survey, a surveillance tool that tracks mental illness stigma and discrimination among a sample of California adults experiencing psychological distress.
January 2017: Rand Health Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834788/associations-between-family-member-bmi-and-obesity-status-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#20
Jack Dempsey, Allison G Dempsey, Robert G Voigt, Sonia Monteiro
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether there is an association between parent and sibling obesity status and obesity status in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). METHODS: We examined predictors of obesity in children with ASD with body mass index data for the proband, 1 sibling, and 2 parents using data from the multisite Simons Simplex Collection. RESULTS: In a stepwise logistic regression model, proband obesity status was associated with obesity status of the sibling (odds ratio [OR] 2...
August 22, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
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