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ethnical psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436265/recruiting-african-american-children-for-research-an-ecological-systems-theory-approach
#1
Diane Graves, Jane P Sheldon
With health disparities still pervasive and persistent in the United States, medical researchers and social scientists continue to develop recruitment strategies to increase the inclusion of racial/ethnic minority groups in research and interventions. Effective methods for recruiting samples of African American participants for pediatric research may be best understood when situated within an overarching conceptual model-one that serves to organize and explain effective recruitment strategies. A theoretical framework well suited for this purpose is Bronfenbrenner's ecological systems theory, which views individuals as influencing and being influenced by (both directly and indirectly) a series of interconnected social systems...
April 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435906/low-back-pain-in-older-adults-risk-factors-management-options-and-future-directions
#2
REVIEW
Arnold Yl Wong, Jaro Karppinen, Dino Samartzis
Low back pain (LBP) is one of the major disabling health conditions among older adults aged 60 years or older. While most causes of LBP among older adults are non-specific and self-limiting, seniors are prone to develop certain LBP pathologies and/or chronic LBP given their age-related physical and psychosocial changes. Unfortunately, no review has previously summarized/discussed various factors that may affect the effective LBP management among older adults. Accordingly, the objectives of the current narrative review were to comprehensively summarize common causes and risk factors (modifiable and non-modifiable) of developing severe/chronic LBP in older adults, to highlight specific issues in assessing and treating seniors with LBP, and to discuss future research directions...
2017: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434053/chinese-beliefs-in-luck-are-linked-to-gambling-problems-via-strengthened-cognitive-biases-a-mediation-test
#3
Matthew S M Lim, Robert D Rogers
Problematic patterns of gambling and their harms are known to have culturally specific expressions. For ethnic Chinese people, patterns of superstitious belief in this community appear to be linked to the elevated rates of gambling-related harms; however, little is known about the mediating psychological mechanisms. To address this issue, we surveyed 333 Chinese gamblers residing internationally and used a mediation analysis to explore how gambling-related cognitive biases, gambling frequency and variety of gambling forms ('scope') mediate the association between beliefs in luck and gambling problems...
April 22, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421866/chronic-pain-and-psychological-distress-among-older-adults
#4
Alex Bierman, Yeonjung Lee
This research examines whether unobserved time-stable influences confound the association between chronic pain and psychological distress in older adults as well as how race and ethnicity combine with subjective social status (SSS) to modify the association. In a nationally representative longitudinal survey, holistically controlling for unobserved time-stable influences using fixed-effects models substantially reduces the pain-depression relationship and eliminates the overall pain-anxiety relationship. The association with depression is stronger for Black and Hispanic elders, illustrating a process of double-jeopardy...
January 1, 2017: Research on Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414494/discrimination-daily-stress-sleep-and-mexican-origin-adolescents-internalizing-symptoms
#5
Katharine H Zeiders
OBJECTIVE: Using diary and longitudinal data, the current study examined the relations between Mexican-origin youths' ethnic discrimination, daily sleep and stress processes, and internalizing symptoms. METHOD: Adolescents (N = 113; 49.6% female, Mage = 15.73 years) participated in an initial in-home interview and reported on ethnic discrimination and internalizing symptoms. They then completed a 3-day diary study and reported on their daily stress and sleep behaviors (i...
April 17, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400851/what-influences-quality-of-life-in-older-people-living-with-hiv
#6
Jose Catalan, Veronica Tuffrey, Damien Ridge, Dana Rosenfeld
BACKGROUND: People with HIV with access to treatment are growing older and living healthier lives than in the past, and while health improvements and increased survival rates are welcome, the psychological and social consequences and quality of life of ageing are complex for this group. Understanding how ageing, HIV and quality of life intersect is key to developing effective interventions to improve QoL. METHODS: One hundred people with HIV over the age of 50 (range 50-87, mean 58), were recruited through HIV community organizations, and clinics, and included men who have sex with men (MSM), and Black African and White heterosexual men and women...
2017: AIDS Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400628/evidence-and-suggested-therapeutic-approach-in-psoriasis-of-difficult-to-treat-areas-palmoplantar-psoriasis-nail-psoriasis-scalp-psoriasis-and-intertriginous-psoriasis
#7
REVIEW
Nilendu Sarma
Psoriasis is resistant to treatment and it shows frequent relapse; systemic treatment is often associated with toxicities, and long-term safety data are lacking for most of the newer drugs like biologics. Moreover, some body areas such as hands, feet, intertriginous areas, scalp, and nails are even more resistant. Frequently, systemic treatments are necessary considering the higher psychological impact on the patient. There is a lack of agreement on the best therapeutic modalities in the management of psoriasis involving difficult-to-treat locations...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399891/what-influences-quality-of-life-in-older-people-living-with-hiv
#8
Jose Catalan, Veronica Tuffrey, Damien Ridge, Dana Rosenfeld
BACKGROUND: People with HIV with access to treatment are growing older and living healthier lives than in the past, and while health improvements and increased survival rates are welcome, the psychological and social consequences and quality of life of ageing are complex for this group. Understanding how ageing, HIV and quality of life intersect is key to developing effective interventions to improve QoL. METHODS: One hundred people with HIV over the age of 50 (range 50-87, mean 58), were recruited through HIV community organizations, and clinics, and included men who have sex with men (MSM), and Black African and White heterosexual men and women...
April 11, 2017: AIDS Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398847/traceback-a-proposed-framework-to-increase-identification-and-genetic-counseling-of-brca1-and-brca2-mutation-carriers-through-family-based-outreach
#9
Goli Samimi, Marcus Q Bernardini, Lawrence C Brody, Charlisse F Caga-Anan, Ian G Campbell, Georgia Chenevix-Trench, Fergus J Couch, Michael Dean, Joanne A de Hullu, Susan M Domchek, Ronny Drapkin, Heather Spencer Feigelson, Michael Friedlander, Mia M Gaudet, Marline G Harmsen, Karen Hurley, Paul A James, Janice S Kwon, Felicitas Lacbawan, Stephanie Lheureux, Phuong L Mai, Leah E Mechanic, Lori M Minasian, Evan R Myers, Mark E Robson, Susan J Ramus, Lisa F Rezende, Patricia A Shaw, Thomas P Slavin, Elizabeth M Swisher, Masataka Takenaka, David D Bowtell, Mark E Sherman
In May 2016, the Division of Cancer Prevention and the Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, National Cancer Institute, convened a workshop to discuss a conceptual framework for identifying and genetically testing previously diagnosed but unreferred patients with ovarian cancer and other unrecognized BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation carriers to improve the detection of families at risk for breast or ovarian cancer. The concept, designated Traceback, was prompted by the recognition that although BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations are frequent in women with ovarian cancer, many such women have not been tested, especially if their diagnosis predated changes in testing guidelines...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398194/causal-attributions-of-mental-health-problems-and-depressive-symptoms-among-older-somali-refugees-in-finland
#10
Saija Kuittinen, Mulki Mölsä, Raija-Leena Punamäki, Marja Tiilikainen, Marja-Liisa Honkasalo
Causal attributions of mental health problems play a crucial role in shaping and differentiating illness experience in different sociocultural and ethnic groups. The aims of this study were (a) to analyze older Somali refugees' causal attributions of mental health problems; (b) to examine the associations between demographic and diagnostic characteristics, proxy indicators of acculturation, and causal attributions; and (c) to analyze the connections between causal attributions and the manifestation of somatic-affective and cognitive depressive symptoms...
April 2017: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398173/perceived-threat-to-national-values-in-evaluating-stereotyped-immigrants
#11
Saori Tsukamoto, Susan T Fiske
The present research examined the psychological reasons behind Americans' (un)willingness to accept immigrants. Participants read a scenario depicting immigrant groups allegedly expected to arrive in the U.S. and evaluated how much the immigrants would influence two types of American national values: civic values (e.g., political ideology) and ethnic values (e.g., shared culture and customs). Across three studies, competitive immigrant groups were stereotyped to be untrustworthy, and perceived to threaten American civic values but not ethnic values...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394163/longitudinal-profiles-of-eudaimonic-well-being-in-asian-american-adolescents
#12
Lisa Kiang, Edward Ip
OBJECTIVE: The current study explores whether a well-known model (i.e., Ryff's, 1989, conceptualization of psychological functioning) can be used to examine patterns of eudaimonic well-being among Asian Americans, who are rarely the focus of systematic investigations in positive psychology. METHOD: Hidden Markov modeling, a form of latent transition analysis, was used to analyze longitudinal data from adolescents (N = 180; 49% female; 75% U.S.-born). RESULTS: After establishing measurement validity, analyses revealed 4 profiles of well-being: Flourishing (consistently high on all well-being dimensions), Functioning (consistently moderate), Hindered (consistently low), and Self-Driven Success (high on most dimensions, but moderate levels of positive relationships)...
April 10, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393542/examining-maternal-age-breastfeeding-self-efficacy-and-health-locus-of-control-in-psychological-wellbeing-of-mothers
#13
Abiodun Musbau Lawal, Erhabor Sunday Idemudia
We investigated the direct and interaction influence of maternal age, breastfeeding self-efficacy (BSE), health locus of control (HLOC) on six dimensions of psychological wellbeing of breastfeeding mothers in Lagos, Nigeria. Data were collected from a convenience sample of 291 mothers attending health facilities in two suburb local government areas. The survey included socio-demographics (maternal age, marital status, ethnicity, education level and position of the baby currently breastfeeding), breastfeeding self-efficacy, health locus of control and psychological wellbeing scales...
April 9, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389831/-the-healthy-migrant-effect-for-mental-health-in-england-propensity-score-matched-analysis-using-the-empiric-survey
#14
Amrit Dhadda, Giles Greene
Evidence has demonstrated that immigrants have a mental health advantage over the indigenous population of developed countries. However, much of the evidence-base demonstrating this mental health advantage is susceptible to confounding and inadequate adjustment across immigrant and non-immigrant groups preventing a rigorous assessment of a 'healthy migrant effect'. To compare the risk of common mental disorders in the immigrant population compared to the non-immigrant population in ethnic minority groups in England...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385036/ethnic-inequalities-in-doctor-patient-communication-regarding-personal-care-plans-the-mediating-effects-of-positive-mental-wellbeing
#15
Kanayo F Umeh
OBJECTIVE: There is limited understanding of ethnic inequalities in doctor-patient communication regarding personal care plans (PCPs). This study investigated the mediating effects of positive mental wellbeing on differences in PCP-related doctor-patient communication amongst South Asian and Caucasian UK residents. DESIGN: Data from 10,980 respondents to the 2013 Health Survey for England was analysed using bootstrapping methods. Constructs from the WEMWBS (Warwick and Edinburgh Mental Wellbeing Scale) (Stewart-Brown, S...
April 6, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384145/prevalence-of-enduring-power-of-attorney-and-barriers-towards-it-in-community-geriatric-population-in-counties-manukau-health
#16
So-Jung Park, Heather Astell
AIM: Enduring power of attorney (EPA) is a simple and easy-to-set-up legal document which protects the wishes of the donor, as well as preventing significant psychological and social cost for the patient and their family when long-term residential care needs to be arranged due to the patient's increasing care requirements. It also reduces the significant cost in hospital beds days for the district health board involved while awaiting the Protection of Personal and Property Rights order...
April 7, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382461/longitudinal-predictors-of-intimate-partner-violence-perpetration-and-victimization-in-latino-emerging-adults
#17
Carolina Villamil Grest, Hortensia Amaro, Jennifer Unger
Despite the prevalence of intimate partner violence in emerging adulthood, literature focused on this life stage among Latinos remains limited. This longitudinal study examined acculturation; traditional gender role attitudes; use of alcohol, marijuana, and tobacco; and depressive symptoms in 10th grade as predictors of intimate partner violence perpetration and victimization among Latino emerging adults (N = 823; 58% female). Average age of participants was 15.5 years in 10th grade and 22.7 years in emerging adulthood...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379742/anxiety-disorders-among-us-immigrants-the-role-of-immigrant-background-and-social-psychological-factors
#18
Magdalena Szaflarski, Lisa A Cubbins, Karthikeyan Meganathan
This study used the National Epidemiological Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions, a longitudinal adult sample, to estimate the rates of prevalent, acquired, and persisting anxiety disorders by nativity and racial-ethnic origin while adjusting for acculturation, stress, social ties, and sociodemographics. Prevalent and acquired anxiety disorders were less likely among foreign-born than US-born, except Puerto-Rican- and Mexican-born who had higher risks. Persisting cases were similar between foreign-born and US-born, except Asian/Pacific Islanders who had lower risk...
April 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377196/emotion-socialization-as-a-predictor-of-physiological-and-psychological-responses-to-stress
#19
Jinhong Guo, Sylvie Mrug, David C Knight
Reactivity patterns to acute stress are important indicators of physical and mental health. However, the relationships between emotion socialization and stress responses are not well understood. This study aimed to examine whether parental responses to negative emotions predicted physiological and psychological responses to acute stress in late adolescence and emerging adulthood, and whether these relationships varied by gender and ethnicity. Participants were 973 individuals (mean age=19.20years; 50% male; 63% African American, 34% European American) who reported on parental emotion socialization...
April 3, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369574/longitudinal-trajectories-of-quality-of-life-and-depression-by-housing-tenure-status
#20
Agnes Szabo, Joanne Allen, Fiona Alpass, Christine Stephens
Objectives: A large body of research has demonstrated the positive effects of home ownership on well-being and health outcomes. However, most previous studies have been cross-sectional. The present study aimed to understand the long-term impact of housing tenure on the psychological wellbeing of older people in New Zealand. Method: Data were collected between 2010 and 2014. The 2010 sample (aged from 50-85 years) comprised 2,843 participants (55.4% female). Latent growth curve modeling was used to investigate trajectories of change for home owners and tenants in quality of life and depression symptoms...
March 22, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
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