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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087793/race-ethnicity-and-health-related-quality-of-life-among-lgbt-older-adults
#1
Hyun-Jun Kim, Sarah Jen, Karen I Fredriksen-Goldsen
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Few existing studies have addressed racial/ethnic differences in the health and quality of life of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) older adults. Guided by the Health Equity Promotion Model, this study examines health-promoting and health risk factors that contribute to racial/ethnic health disparities among LGBT adults aged 50 and older. DESIGN AND METHODS: We utilized weighted survey data from Aging with Pride: National Health, Aging, and Sexuality/Gender Study...
February 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086853/taking-action-to-reduce-pain-action-study-rationale-design-and-protocol-of-a-randomized-trial-of-a-proactive-telephone-based-coaching-intervention-for-chronic-musculoskeletal-pain-among-african-americans
#2
Rozina H Bhimani, Lee J S Cross, Brent C Taylor, Laura A Meis, Steven S Fu, Kelli D Allen, Sarah L Krein, Tam Do, Robert D Kerns, Diana J Burgess
BACKGROUND: Rates of chronic pain are rising sharply in the United States and worldwide. Presently, there is evidence of racial disparities in pain treatment and treatment outcomes in the United States but few interventions designed to address these disparities. There is growing consensus that chronic musculoskeletal pain is best addressed by a biopsychosocial approach that acknowledges the role of psychological and environmental factors, some of which differ by race. METHODS/DESIGN: The primary aim of this randomized controlled trial is to test the effectiveness of a non-pharmacological, self-regulatory intervention, administered proactively by telephone, at improving pain outcomes and increasing walking among African American patients with hip, back and knee pain...
January 13, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086827/mothers-accounts-of-the-impact-on-emotional-wellbeing-of-organised-peer-support-in-pregnancy-and-early-parenthood-a-qualitative-study
#3
Jenny McLeish, Maggie Redshaw
BACKGROUND: The transition to parenthood is a potentially vulnerable time for mothers' mental health and approximately 9-21% of women experience depression and/or anxiety at this time. Many more experience sub-clinical symptoms of depression and anxiety, as well as stress, low self-esteem and a loss of confidence. Women's emotional wellbeing is more at risk if they have little social support, a low income, are single parents or have a poor relationship with their partner. Peer support can comprise emotional, affirmational, informational and practical support; evidence of its impact on emotional wellbeing during pregnancy and afterwards is mixed...
January 13, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081552/demographic-and-psychological-correlates-of-new-zealanders-support-for-euthanasia
#4
Carol Hj Lee, Isabelle M Duck, Chris G Sibley
AIMS: To explore the distribution of New Zealanders' support towards the legalisation of euthanasia and examine demographic and psychological factors associated with these attitudes. METHODS: 15,822 participants responded to the 2014/15 New Zealand Attitudes and Values Study (NZAVS) survey. This survey included an item on people's attitudes towards euthanasia, and information on their demographic and psychological characteristics. RESULTS: The majority of New Zealanders expressed support for euthanasia, which was assessed by asking "Suppose a person has a painful incurable disease...
January 13, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070220/measuring-the-effects-of-socioeconomic-factors-on-mental-health-among-migrants-in-urban-china-a-multiple-indicators-multiple-causes-model
#5
Ming Guan
OBJECTIVES: Since 1978, rural-urban migrants mainly contribute Chinese urbanization. The purpose of this paper is to examine the effects of socioeconomic factors on mental health of them. Their mental health was measured by 12-item general health questionnaire (GHQ-12). METHODS: The study sample comprised 5925 migrants obtained from the 2009 rural-to-urban migrants survey (RUMiC). The relationships among the instruments were assessed by the correlation analysis...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060531/poor-sleep-quality-psychological-distress-and-the-buffering-effect-of-mindfulness-training-during-pregnancy
#6
Jennifer N Felder, Barbara Laraia, Kimberly Coleman-Phox, Nicole Bush, Madhuvanthi Suresh, Melanie Thomas, Nancy Adler, Elissa Epel, Aric A Prather
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Poor sleep quality is common in pregnancy and associated with increased psychological distress, which has adverse consequences for families. Emerging theory suggests that mindfulness-based interventions may help reduce cognitive and emotional reactivity to stressful events. The current study examines the effects of a mindfulness-based intervention on the relationship between poor sleep quality and increased depression symptom severity and perceived stress during pregnancy...
January 6, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055823/mental-health-in-2020-for-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-the-united-states
#7
Abigail W Batchelder, Steven Safren, Avery D Mitchell, Ivan Ivardic, Conall O'Cleirigh
Despite continued advances in HIV prevention and treatment, gay and bisexual men and other men who have sex with men (MSM) remain the population most impacted by HIV/AIDS in the US and many other Western countries. Additionally, MSM are disproportionately affected by various psychological problems, including depression, distress, trauma and substance use. These challenges frequently co-occur, and are associated with higher rates of behaviours related to HIV acquisition and transmission, HIV infection, and, for those living with HIV/AIDS, lower levels of treatment engagement...
January 6, 2017: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043019/immigration-policies-and-mental-health-morbidity-among-latinos-a-state-level-analysis
#8
Mark L Hatzenbuehler, Seth J Prins, Morgan Flake, Morgan Philbin, M Somjen Frazer, Daniel Hagen, Jennifer Hirsch
RATIONALE: Despite abundant state-level policy activity in the U.S. related to immigration, no research has examined the mental health impact of the overall policy climate for Latinos, taking into account both inclusionary and exclusionary legislation. OBJECTIVE: To examine associations between the state-level policy climate related to immigration and mental health outcomes among Latinos. METHODS: We created a multi-sectoral policy climate index that included 14 policies in four domains (immigration, race/ethnicity, language, and agricultural worker protections)...
November 30, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040518/smoking-and-sedentary-behavior-changes-from-adolescence-to-emerging-adulthood-a-multilevel-modeling-perspective
#9
Dalnim Cho, Crystal L Park
The present research investigated a) the effects of psychological (e.g., depressive symptoms, delinquency) and neighborhood socioeconomic environmental factors (e.g., education, poverty, proportion of racial/ethnic minorities) on changes in smoking and sedentary behaviors from adolescence to emerging adulthood and b) whether there were any cross-level interactions based on socio-ecological models. A series of multilevel analyses (level-1: individual-level; level-2: neighborhood-level) were conducted with the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health) wave I (1995) and wave III (2001) data among about 10,000 US adolescents...
December 28, 2016: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032816/ethnic-differences-in-impact-of-physical-activity-program-on-psychological-symptoms-in-youth
#10
Jocelyn S Carter, Sabrina Karczewski, Draycen D DeCator, Alescia M Hollowell
BACKGROUND: Children who engage in regular physical activity are protected from developing behavioral problems at home and school, but many children do not have the opportunity to participate in regular physical activity. The purpose of this study was to determine whether a non-curricular school-based physical activity program resulted in reductions in children's psychological problems in two domains: internalizing (e.g., depression) and externalizing (e.g., aggression) and whether these effects varied according to ethnicity, gender, and baseline psychological symptoms...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032781/on-methods-methodologies-and-continued-colonization-of-knowledge-in-the-study-of-ethnic-minorities-comment-on-hall-et-al-2016
#11
Oksana Yakushko, Louis Hoffman, Melissa L Morgan Consoli, Gordon Lee
Multicultural scholarship continues to reflect unexamined assumptions regarding the exclusive use of natural science methodologies, reliance on dominant Western scientific paradigms, and entrenchment in institutionalized research priorities that privilege efficiency and investigators' career promotion rather than the needs of diverse communities. Current practices in psychological research with ethnic minority groups also may contribute to the potential for epistemological violence, which occurs when scientific investigations are used as a pretext to justify interpretations of data in research with "ethnic minorities" in ways that perpetuate oppression or are lacking in their focus on social action...
December 2016: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017696/ethnobiological-treatments-of-neurological-conditions-in-the-chota-nagpur-plateau-india
#12
Abhijit Dey, Partha Gorai, Anuradha Mukherjee, Raghunath Dhan, Biplob Kumar Modak
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: World Health Organization (WHO) has recognized the contribution of traditional medicine in the primary health care system. WHO also considers neurological disorders as one of the prime concern to the public health. Inadequate and inaccessible health facilities in the rural and underprivileged areas have forced the various tribal and non-tribal communities to use ethno-phyto and ethno-zoo therapeutics against different ailments. Chota Nagpur Plateau, India is one of the richest in India in terms of plant and animal diversity, and houses a number of indigenous communities often practising their own ethnobiological medicines...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977253/reducing-disparities-and-achieving-equity-in-african-american-women-s-health
#13
Faye Z Belgrave, Jasmine A Abrams
The colloquial phrase "Black Don't Crack" refers to perceptions of African American women retaining youthful features over time and seemingly defying the aging process. This conjecture appears to only be skin deep, as across almost every health indicator, African American women fare worse than women in other racial/ethnic groups. African American women experience excess morbidity in obesity, diabetes, and adverse birth outcomes, and are more likely than women of other ethnic groups to die from breast and cervical cancer, cardiovascular disease, and HIV/AIDS...
November 2016: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968832/factors-associated-with-intention-to-have-caesarean-delivery-in-pregnant-women-in-china-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#14
Lianlian Wang, Xianglong Xu, Philip Baker, Chao Tong, Lei Zhang, Hongbo Qi, Yong Zhao
BACKGROUND: The proportion of caesarean deliveries significantly increased from 2·0% in 1978--1985 to 36·6% in 2006-2010 among Chinese pregnant women. The rate reached 55% in 2014. In this study we explored the basic demographic characteristics and preferred method of delivery of pregnant women and analysed the associated social and psychological factors. METHOD: We did a cross-sectional analysis among pregnant women during June to August, 2015, in 16 hospitals from five provinces of mainland China...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966369/the-theory-of-agency-and-breastfeeding
#15
Kath Ryan, Victoria Team, Jo Alexander
OBJECTIVE: In this paper, we apply psychological agency theory to women's interviews of their breastfeeding experiences to understand the role of agency in relation to breastfeeding initiation, maintenance and duration. DESIGN: Qualitative, video interviews were collected from 49 women in the UK from a wide range of ethnic, religious, educational and employment backgrounds about their breastfeeding experiences. We undertook secondary analysis of the data focusing on their accounts of vulnerability and agency...
December 14, 2016: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966024/comparing-the-symptom-experience-of-cancer-patients-and-non-cancer-patients
#16
Teresa L Deshields, Valentina Penalba, Jingxa Liu, James Avery
PURPOSE: Symptom burden is an established concept in oncology encompassing the presence and severity of symptoms experienced by cancer patients. Few studies have examined differences in symptom burden between cancer patients and non-cancer patients. This study seeks to examine the differences in symptom burden between cancer patients (CP) and non-cancer patients (NCP) in order to better understand symptom burden in both populations. METHODS: Two groups of patients completed the Memorial Symptom Assessment Scale: 301 patients from a general medical clinic and 558 cancer patients from a cancer tumor registry...
December 13, 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936851/relationship-between-negative-social-reactions-to-sexual-assault-disclosure-and-mental-health-outcomes-of-black-and-white-female-survivors
#17
Dehnad Hakimi, Thema Bryant-Davis, Sarah E Ullman, Robyn L Gobin
OBJECTIVE: This study investigates the effect of race on the relationship between negative reactions to sexual assault disclosure and the psychological sequelae such as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, and problem drinking in female sexual assault survivors. METHOD: Using hierarchical regression in an ethnically diverse community sample of 622 female adult sexual assault victims, we assessed for sexual assault; negative reactions to sexual assault disclosure; and symptom severity for PTSD, depression, and problem drinking...
December 12, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933004/policy-implications-of-achievement-testing-using-multilevel-models-the-case-of-brazilian-elementary-schools
#18
Igor G Menezes, Victor R Duran, Euclides J Mendonça Filho, Tainã J Veloso, Stella M S Sarmento, Christine L Paget, Kai Ruggeri
Large-scale educational assessment has been established as source of descriptive, evaluative and interpretative information that influence educational policies worldwide throughout the last third of the twentieth century. In the 1990s the Brazilian Ministry of Education developed the National Basic Education Assessment System (SAEB) that regularly measures management, resource and contextual school features and academic achievement in public and private institutions. In 2005, after significant piloting and review of the SAEB, a new sampling strategy was taken and Prova Brasil became the new instrument used by the Ministry to assess skills in Portuguese (reading comprehension) and Mathematics (problem solving), as well as collecting contextual information concerning the school, principal, teacher, and the students...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931905/ethnic-differences-in-the-effectiveness-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-combined-with-medication-comparing-asian-american-and-white-psychiatric-patients
#19
Jennifer Y Tang, Chieh Li, Rachel F Rodgers, Mary Ballou
Several meta-analyses have demonstrated the effectiveness of treatment utilizing cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) combined with medication. There is, however, a paucity of research comparing the effectiveness of this combined treatment with psychiatric patients from different ethnic backgrounds. This study is the first of its kind to compare the effectiveness of CBT combined with medication for Asian American and White patients' psychiatric symptom severity levels of depression, anxiety, psychological well-being, and quality of life...
December 2016: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929321/social-communication-questionnaire-scoring-procedures-for-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-the-prevalence-of-potential-social-communication-disorder-in-asd
#20
Lucy Barnard-Brak, David M Richman, Steven Randall Chesnut, Todd D Little
In analyzing data from the National Database for Autism Research, we utilized Mokken scaling techniques as a means of creating a more effective and efficient screening procedure for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) via the Social Communication Questionnaire (SCQ). With a sample of 1,040, approximately 80% (n = 827) of the sample were males while approximately 20% (n = 213) were females. In regard to ethnicity, approximately 68% of the sample were White/Caucasian, while 7% were African American, 16% were Hispanic, 4% were Asian, and 1% were Native American or American Indian...
December 2016: School Psychology Quarterly
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