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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545399/general-cognitive-status-among-baby-boomers-and-pre-boomers-in-taiwan-the-interplay-between-mid-life-socioeconomic-status-and-city-residence
#1
Chi Chiao
BACKGROUND: This study seeks to assess the interaction between mid-life socioeconomic status (SES) and city residence on the cognitive status of Baby Boomers and pre-Boomers in Taiwan, a non-Western society with a distinct cultural and family context, taking apolipoprotein E (APOE) gene polymophism and life stressors into consideration. METHODS: The data used was from the Social Environment and Biomarkers of Aging Study (SEBAS) collected in Taiwan during 2006, this involved 1245 individuals from 23 communities and used multilevel regression...
May 25, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540767/the-use-of-pathological-grief-outcomes-in-bereavement-studies-on-african-americans
#2
Leeat Granek, Tal Peleg-Sagy
Pathological bereavement outcomes (i.e., complicated grief, traumatic grief, prolonged grief disorder) are a robust and growing research area in the psychological and medical sciences. Although grief is considered to be a universal phenomenon, it is well documented that grieving processes and outcomes are culturally and contextually bound. The objectives of this study were: (a) to examine representations of African Americans in the grief and mourning literature and to assess the extent to which this research utilizes pathological grief outcomes; and (b) to examine the characteristics of pathological grief constructs in the literature to assess their relevance for African American populations...
June 2017: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540604/systems-factorial-technology-provides-new-insights-on-the-other-race-effect
#3
Cheng-Ta Yang, Mario Fifić, Ting-Yun Chang, Daniel R Little
The other-race effect refers to the difficulty of discriminating between faces from ethnic and racial groups other than one's own. This effect may be caused by a slow, feature-by-feature, analytic process, whereas the discrimination of own-race faces occurs faster and more holistically. However, this distinction has received inconsistent support. To provide a critical test, we employed Systems Factorial Technology (Townsend & Nozawa in Journal of Mathematical Psychology, 39, 321-359, 1995), which is a powerful tool for analyzing the organization of mental networks underlying perceptual processes...
May 24, 2017: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535424/ethnic-inequalities-in-psychological-distress-among-urban-residents-in-the-netherlands-a-moderating-role-of-neighborhood-ethnic-diversity
#4
Özcan Erdem, Alex Burdorf, Frank J Van Lenthe
The main purpose of this study was to investigate whether neighborhood ethnic diversity moderated the association between ethnicity and psychological distress in the four largest cities of Netherlands. Multilevel linear regression analysis was used to assess whether the association between ethnicity and psychological distress differed by levels of neighborhood ethnic diversity. Results showed that the Turkish and Moroccan residents reported significantly higher psychological distress than native Dutch and Surinamese residents...
May 20, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534243/elevated-prevalence-of-suicide-attempts-among-victims-of-police-violence-in-the-usa
#5
Jordan E DeVylder, Jodi J Frey, Courtney D Cogburn, Holly C Wilcox, Tanya L Sharpe, Hans Y Oh, Boyoung Nam, Bruce G Link
Recent evidence suggests that police victimization is widespread in the USA and psychologically impactful. We hypothesized that civilian-reported police victimization, particularly assaultive victimization (i.e., physical/sexual), would be associated with a greater prevalence of suicide attempts and suicidal ideation. Data were drawn from the Survey of Police-Public Encounters, a population-based survey of adults (N = 1615) residing in four US cities. Surveys assessed lifetime exposure to police victimization based on the World Health Organization domains of violence (i...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530435/friends-also-matter-examining-friendship-adjustment-indices-as-moderators-of-anxious-withdrawal-and-trajectories-of-change-in-psychological-maladjustment
#6
Andrea Markovic, Julie C Bowker
The present study evaluated whether 3 indices of friendship adjustment (mutual friendship involvement, friendship stability, friendship quality) are important, but overlooked, moderators of the impact of anxious-withdrawal on trajectories of psychological maladjustment during early adolescence. Participants included 271 young adolescents (51% boys; Mage = 11.83 years; 42% ethnic minority) who completed peer nomination and self-report measures at 3 waves in a longitudinal study. In line with hypotheses, growth curve analyses revealed that anxious-withdrawal predicted less negative psychological adjustment trajectories for friended young adolescents, albeit somewhat differently for boys and girls...
May 22, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526049/psychological-status-and-quality-of-life-among-primary-caregivers-of-individuals-with-mental-illness-a-hospital-based-study
#7
Anitha Jeyagurunathan, Vathsala Sagayadevan, Edimansyah Abdin, YunJue Zhang, Sherilyn Chang, Saleha Shafie, Restria Fauziana Abdul Rahman, Janhavi Ajit Vaingankar, Siow Ann Chong, Mythily Subramaniam
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to explore the psychological status and quality of life among primary caregivers of individuals suffering from various mental illnesses including early psychosis, chronic schizophrenia, depressive disorders, anxiety disorders and dementia. METHODS: A total of 350 primary caregivers with relatives seeking treatment at a tertiary psychiatric hospital were recruited for this study. Socio-demographic data was obtained and the brief version of the World Health Organisation Quality of Life instrument was used to assess caregiver's quality of life (QOL)...
May 19, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521756/rethinking-physical-activity-communication-using-focus-groups-to-understand-women-s-goals-values-and-beliefs-to-improve-public-health
#8
Michelle Segar, Jennifer M Taber, Heather Patrick, Chan L Thai, April Oh
BACKGROUND: Communication about physical activity (PA) frames PA and influences what it means to people, including the role it plays in their lives. To the extent that PA messages can be designed to reflect outcomes that are relevant to what people most value experiencing and achieving in their daily lives, the more compelling and effective they will be. Aligned with self-determination theory, this study investigated proximal goals and values that are salient in everyday life and how they could be leveraged through new messaging to better support PA participation among women...
May 18, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515051/views-of-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-a-qualitative-study-in-an-ethnically-diverse-sample
#9
Michelle Hadjiconstantinou, Hamidreza Mani, Naina Patel, Miles Levy, Melanie J Davies, Kamlesh Khunti, Margaret Stone
OBJECTIVE: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a lifelong condition. Its symptoms have been linked with psychological consequences, but less attention has been given to the daily implications of living with PCOS. We aimed to explore women's experiences living with PCOS, and the potential acceptability of group education sessions for this target group. METHODS: Women with PCOS were recruited from an ethnically diverse UK community. Twelve semi-structured interviews were conducted...
May 17, 2017: Endocrine Connections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515007/effects-of-maternal-traumatic-distress-on-family-functioning-and-child-mental-health-an-examination-of-southeast-asian-refugee-families-in-the-u-s
#10
Cindy C Sangalang, Justin Jager, Tracy W Harachi
BACKGROUND: The psychological effects of trauma are well-documented among refugee adults and children alone, yet less research has attended to the intergenerational transmission of trauma within refugee families. Additionally, there is considerable diversity between refugee populations as well as within-group variation in the experiences and effects of refugee trauma. OBJECTIVE: The current study examines the longitudinal effects of maternal traumatic distress on family functioning and child mental health outcomes among Southeast Asian refugee women and their adolescent children...
May 11, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499328/negative-psychological-consequences-of-breast-cancer-among-recently-diagnosed-ethnically-diverse-women
#11
Silvia Tejeda, Melinda R Stolley, Ganga Vijayasiri, Richard T Campbell, Carol Estwing Ferrans, Richard B Warnecke, Garth H Rauscher
OBJECTIVE: Breast cancer has psychological consequences that impact quality of life (QOL). We examined factors associated with negative psychological consequences of a breast cancer diagnosis, in a diverse sample of 910 recently diagnosed patients (378 African-American, 372 White, and 160 Latina). METHODS: Patients completed an in-person interview as part of the Breast Cancer Care in Chicago study within an average of four months from diagnosis. The Cockburn negative psychological consequences of breast cancer screening scale was revised to focus on a breast cancer diagnosis...
May 12, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493904/factors-associated-with-help-seeking-behaviour-among-individuals-with-major-depression-a-systematic-review
#12
Julia Luise Magaard, Tharanya Seeralan, Holger Schulz, Anna Levke Brütt
Psychological models can help to understand why many people suffering from major depression do not seek help. Using the 'Behavioral Model of Health Services Use', this study systematically reviewed the literature on the characteristics associated with help-seeking behaviour in adults with major depression. Articles were identified by systematically searching the MEDLINE, EMBASE and PsycInfo databases and relevant reference lists. Observational studies investigating the associations between individual or contextual characteristics and professional help-seeking behaviour for emotional problems in adults formally diagnosed with major depression were included...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493737/autonomy-support-for-conflictual-and-stigmatized-identities-effects-on-ownership-and-psychological-health
#13
Netta Weinstein, Nicole Legate, William S Ryan, Constantine Sedikides, Philip J Cozzolino
Important others' perceptions influence self-perceptions. This presents a challenge for the critical developmental task of integrating all aspects of identity, as identities that are devalued or stigmatized by society are harder to own than valued ones. Across 3 studies, we tested the idea that conflictual or stigmatized identities are harder to own, or integrate into the self, than are nonconflictual ones, and we examine how receiving autonomy support for an identity-support for authentic identity exploration and expression-can facilitate ownership of that identity...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488289/adversity-and-resilience-amongst-resettling-western-australian-paediatric-refugees
#14
Gemma Hanes, Lydia Sung, Raewyn Mutch, Sarah Cherian
AIM: Cumulative adverse childhood experiences have long-term consequences and may manifest within and influence health, educational and psychosocial domains. The Princess Margaret Hospital Refugee Health Service (RHS) undertakes multidisciplinary screening of refugee children <16 years, allowing standardised identification of negative childhood experiences. Addition of the extended Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) in 2014 aimed to augment psychological assessment of this cohort...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486851/structure-to-utilize-interventionists-implementation-experiences-of-a-family-based-behavioral-weight-management-program-to-enhance-the-dissemination-of-the-standardized-intervention-the-today-study
#15
Jennifer Q Chadwick, Dorothy J Van Buren, Elisa Morales, Alexandra Timpson, Ericka L Abrams, Amy Syme, Jeff Preske, Gerardo Mireles, Barbara Anderson, Nisha Grover, Lori Laffel
Background For a 2- to 6-year period, interventionists for the TODAY (Treatment Options for type 2 Diabetes in Adolescents and Youth) randomized clinical trial delivered a family-based, behavioral weight-loss program (the TODAY Lifestyle Program) to 234 youth with type 2 diabetes. Interventionists held at least a bachelor's degree in psychology, social work, education, or health-related field and had experience working with children and families, especially from diverse ethnic and socioeconomic backgrounds...
May 1, 2017: Clinical Trials: Journal of the Society for Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486029/undesirable-effects-of-working-while-in-college-work-school-conflict-substance-use-and-health
#16
David P Oviatt, Michael R Baumann, Janet M Bennett, Raymond T Garza
Inter-role conflict occurs when the demands of one area of an individual's life interfere with the responsibilities of another area. Although a large body of research exists on the health effects of the inter-role conflict between work and family (work-family conflict or WFC), far less exists on the inter-role conflict between work and school (work-school conflict or WSC). Given that over two-thirds of college students have outside employment while enrolled in classes, and the potentially negative effects of WSC, a further understanding of WSC is an important part of supporting student health and well-being as well as the health and well-being of the workforce...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484013/preferences-for-group-dominance-track-and-mediate-the-effects-of-macro-level-social-inequality-and-violence-across-societies
#17
Jonas R Kunst, Ronald Fischer, Jim Sidanius, Lotte Thomsen
Whether and how societal structures shape individual psychology is a foundational question of the social sciences. Combining insights from evolutionary biology, economy, and the political and psychological sciences, we identify a central psychological process that functions to sustain group-based hierarchies in human societies. In study 1, we demonstrate that macrolevel structural inequality, impaired population outcomes, socio-political instability, and the risk of violence are reflected in the endorsement of group hegemony at the aggregate population level across 27 countries (n = 41,824): The greater the national inequality, the greater is the endorsement of between-group hierarchy within the population...
May 8, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482250/posttraumatic-symptoms-among-maltreated-youth-using-classification-and-regression-tree-analysis
#18
Emma H Ross, Christopher A Kearney
Individual psychological factors have been shown to exacerbate risk for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in youth following maltreatment, but the novel contribution of the present study includes a focus on interactive relationships between these factors on specific PTSD symptom clusters. This study identified maltreated youth at highest risk for re-experiencing, avoidance, and hyperarousal symptom clusters via cognitive, affective, and demographic variables. Participants (n=400) included ethnically diverse maltreated youth...
May 5, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481817/the-revised-index-for-social-engagement-in-long-term-care-facilities-a-psychometric-study
#19
Ju Young Yoon, Hongsoo Kim
BACKGROUND: Social engagement is known to be an important factor that affects the quality of life and the psychological well-being of residents in long-term care settings. Few studies have examined social engagement in long-term care facilities in non-Western countries. PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the validity and reliability of the revised index for social engagement (RISE), which was derived from the Korean version of the interRAI Long Term Care Facilities instrument...
June 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481599/a-longitudinal-analysis-of-peer-delivered-permanent-supportive-housing-impact-of-housing-on-mental-and-overall-health-in-an-ethnically-diverse-population
#20
Annette S Crisanti, Danielle Duran, R Neil Greene, Jessica Reno, Carol Luna-Anderson, Deborah B Altschul
Permanent supportive housing (PSH) is an evidence-based health intervention for persons experiencing homelessness, but the impact of individual mechanisms within this intervention on health requires further research. This study examines the longitudinal impact of the mechanism of supportive housing within a peer-delivered PSH model on overall health and mental health (as measured by psychological distress and self-report of bothersome symptoms) outcomes in an ethnically diverse population. The 237 participants in the study included persons who were homeless or at risk of homelessness and who also had been diagnosed with a serious mental illness...
May 2017: Psychological Services
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