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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544617/defect-laden-mose2-quantum-dots-made-by-turbulent-shear-mixing-as-enhanced-electrocatalysts
#1
Chongyang Zhu, Yuan Huang, Feng Xu, Peng Gao, Binghui Ge, Jing Chen, Haibo Zeng, Eli Sutter, Peter Sutter, Litao Sun
A high density of edge sites and other defects can significantly improve the catalytic activity of layered 2D materials. Herein, this study demonstrates a novel top-down strategy to maximize catalytic edge sites of MoSe2 by breaking up bulk MoSe2 into quantum dots (QDs) via "turbulent shear mixing" (TSM). The ultrasmall size of the MoSe2 QDs provides a high fraction of atoms in reactive edge sites, thus significantly improving the catalytic activities. The violent TSM further introduces abundant defects as additional active sites for electrocatalytic reactions...
May 24, 2017: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539274/the-analgesia-efficiency-of-ultrasmall-magnetic-iron-oxide-nanoparticles-in-mice-chronic-inflammatory-pain-model
#2
Ping-Ching Wu, Hung-Tsung Hsiao, Ya-Chi Lin, Dar-Bin Shieh, Yen-Chin Liu
Few studies have investigated the effects of iron oxide nanoparticles (NPs) on analgesia. We developed inflammatory pain models via complete Freund's adjuvant injection over the hind paw in CD1 mice. Various doses of magnetite (Fe3O4) NPs were injected into the paw. Analgesia behavior was checked with von Frey microfilament and thermal irradiation measurements. Paw skin tissues were harvested at the maximal analgesia time point. The presence of activated white cells (CD68, myeloperoxidase) and free radical (reactive oxygen species, ROS) production were also checked...
May 21, 2017: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535354/high-capacity-and-ultrafast-na-ion-storage-of-self-supported-3d-porous-antimony-persulfide-graphene-foam-architecture
#3
Yanying Lu, Ning Zhang, Shuang Jiang, Yudong Zhang, Meng Zhou, Zhanliang Tao, Lynden A Archer, Jun Chen
The key challenge for high performance sodium-ion batteries is the exploitation of appropriate electrode materials with long cycling stability and high rate capability. Here, we report Sb2S5 nanoparticles (~ 5 nm) uniformly encapsulated in three-dimensional (3D) porous graphene foam, which were fabricated by a facile hydrothermal co-assembly strategy, as a high-performance anode material for sodium-ion batteries. The as-prepared composite can be directly used as electrodes without adding binder or current collector, exhibiting outstanding electrochemical performance with high reversible capacity (845 mAh g-1 at 0...
May 23, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531986/biomimicking-synthesis-of-photoluminescent-molecular-lantern-catalyzed-by-in-situ-formation-of-nanogold-catalysts
#4
Yong Yu, Xin Ting Zheng, Boon Wei Yee, Yen Nee Tan
Bioluminescence has been widely recognized as a powerful imaging tool for biological investigations. Synthesis of molecular lanterns that mimic bioluminescence in nature is of great interest. Herein we report a synthesis of molecular lantern by utilizing the catalytic properties of ultrasmall (<2nm) gold nanoclusters (AuNC), which is inspired by the enzymatic light-up of luciferin in the biological system. Small molecules such as hydroquinone and Cys-Gly peptides are used to direct the synthesis of AuNC via a biotemplating approach, while the in-situ formation of AuNC simultaneously catalyze the formation of luciferin-like, brightly fluorescent dye (λem=520nm, QY=0...
August 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525274/metal-nanoparticle-catalyzed-hydrogen-generation-from-formic-acid
#5
Zhangpeng Li, Qiang Xu
To meet the ever-increasing energy demand, the development of effective, renewable, and environmentally friendly sources of alternative energy is imperative. Hydrogen (H2) is a renewable, clean energy carrier, which exhibits a threefold energy density compared to gasoline; H2 is considered one of the most promising alternative energy carriers for enabling a secure, clean energy future. However, the realization of a hydrogen economy is restricted by several unresolved issues. Particularly, one of the most difficult challenges is the development of a safe, efficient hydrogen storage and delivery system...
May 19, 2017: Accounts of Chemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508857/controlling-photophysical-properties-of-ultrasmall-conjugated-polymer-nanoparticles-through-polymer-chain-packing
#6
Hubert Piwoński, Tsuyoshi Michinobu, Satoshi Habuchi
Applications of conjugated polymer nanoparticles (Pdots) for imaging and sensing depend on their size, fluorescence brightness and intraparticle energy transfer. The molecular design of conjugated polymers (CPs) has been the main focus of the development of Pdots. Here we demonstrate that proper control of the physical interactions between the chains is as critical as the molecular design. The unique design of twisted CPs and fine-tuning of the reprecipitation conditions allow us to fabricate ultrasmall (3...
May 16, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504415/highly-luminescent-folate-functionalized-au22-nanoclusters-for-bioimaging
#7
Kyunglim Pyo, Nguyen Hoang Ly, Sook Young Yoon, Yiming Shen, Seon Young Choi, So Yeong Lee, Sang-Woo Joo, Dongil Lee
Gold nanoclusters are emerging as new materials for biomedical applications because of promises offered by their ultrasmall size and excellent biocompatibility. Here, the synthesis and optical and biological characterizations of a highly luminescent folate-functionalized Au22 cluster (Au22 -FA) are reported. The Au22 -FA clusters are synthesized by functionalizing the surface of Au22 (SG)18 clusters, where SG is glutathione, with benzyl chloroformate and folate. The functionalized clusters are highly water-soluble and exhibit remarkably bright luminescence with a quantum yield of 42%, significantly higher than any other water-soluble gold clusters protected with thiolate ligands...
May 15, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496323/a-novel-nanoemulsion-based-method-to-produce-ultrasmall-water-dispersible-nanoparticles-from-chitosan-surface-modified-with-cell-penetrating-peptide-for-oral-delivery-of-proteins-and-peptides
#8
Ghullam Reza Barbari, Farid Abedin Dorkoosh, Mohsen Amini, Mohammad Sharifzadeh, Fateme Atyabi, Saeed Balalaie, Niyousha Rafiee Tehrani, Morteza Rafiee Tehrani
A simple and reproducible water-in-oil (W/O) nanoemulsion technique for making ultrasmall (<15 nm), monodispersed and water-dispersible nanoparticles (NPs) from chitosan (CS) is reported. The nano-sized (50 nm) water pools of the W/O nanoemulsion serve as "nano-containers and nano-reactors". The entrapped polymer chains of CS inside these "nano-reactors" are covalently cross-linked with the chains of polyethylene glycol (PEG), leading to rigidification and formation of NPs. These NPs possess excessive swelling properties in aqueous medium and preserve integrity in all pH ranges due to chemical cross-linking with PEG...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489049/superparamagnetic-iron-oxide-nanoparticles-complexed-cationic-amylose-for-in-vivo-magnetic-resonance-imaging-tracking-of-transplanted-stem-cells-in-stroke
#9
Bing-Ling Lin, Jun-Zhao Zhang, Lie-Jing Lu, Jia-Ji Mao, Ming-Hui Cao, Xu-Hong Mao, Fang Zhang, Xiao-Hui Duan, Chu-Shan Zheng, Li-Ming Zhang, Jun Shen
Cell-based therapy with mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) is a promising strategy for acute ischemic stroke. In vivo tracking of therapeutic stem cells with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is imperative for better understanding cellular survival and migrational dynamics over time. In this study, we develop a novel biocompatible nanocomplex (ASP-SPIONs) based on cationic amylose, by introducing spermine and the image label, ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs), to label MSCs. The capacity, efficiency, and cytotoxicity of the nanocomplex in transferring SPIONs into green fluorescence protein-modified MSCs were tested; and the performance of in vivo MRI tracking of the transplanted cells in acute ischemic stroke was determined...
May 10, 2017: Nanomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487316/atheroma-susceptible-to-thrombosis-exhibit-impaired-endothelial-permeability-in-vivo-as-assessed-by-nanoparticle-based-fluorescence-molecular-imaging
#10
Ashley F Stein-Merlob, Tetsuya Hara, Jason R McCarthy, Adam Mauskapf, James A Hamilton, Vasilis Ntziachristos, Peter Libby, Farouc A Jaffer
BACKGROUND: The role of local alterations in endothelial functional integrity in atherosclerosis remains incompletely understood. This study used nanoparticle-enhanced optical molecular imaging to probe in vivo mechanisms involving impaired endothelial barrier function in experimental atherothrombosis. METHODS AND RESULTS: Atherosclerosis was induced in rabbits (n=31) using aortic balloon injury and high-cholesterol diet. Rabbits received ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (CLIO) derivatized with a near-infrared fluorophore (CyAm7) 24 hours before near-infrared fluorescence imaging...
May 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481023/dynamic-modulation-of-enzyme-activity-by-near-infrared-light
#11
Changping Wang, Qiang Zhang, Xinyu Wang, Hong Chang, Sanjun Zhang, Yuankai Tang, Jianhua Xu, Ruijuan Qi, Yiyun Cheng
Engineering near-infrared (NIR) light-sensitive enzymes remains a huge challenge. A photothermal effect-associated method is developed for tailoring the enzymatic activity of enzymes by exposure to NIR light. An ultrasmall platinum nanoparticle was anchored in an enzyme to generate local heating upon NIR irradiation, which enhanced the enzyme activity without increasing bulk temperature. Following NIR irradiation, the enzyme activity was tailored rapidly and reversibly, and was modulated by varying laser power density and irradiation time...
May 8, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481003/mof-templated-synthesis-of-ultrasmall-photoluminescent-carbon-nanodot-arrays-for-optical-applications
#12
Zhi-Gang Gu, De-Jing Li, Chan Zheng, Yao Kang, Christof Wöll, Jian Zhang
Arrays of ultrasmall and uniform carbon nanodots (CDs) are of pronounced interest for applications in optical devices. Herein, we describe a low-temperature calcination approach with rather inexpensive reactants. After glucose molecules had been loaded into the pores of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), well-defined CD arrays were produced by heating to 200 °C. The size and spacing of the CDs could be controlled by the choice of templating MOF: HKUST-1, ZIF-8, or MIL-101. The sizes of the obtained CDs were approximately 1...
May 8, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480714/nanoparticle-protein-interactions-therapeutic-approaches-and-supramolecular-chemistry
#13
Mathis Kopp, Sebastian Kollenda, Matthias Epple
Research on nanoparticles has evolved into a major topic in chemistry. Concerning biomedical research, nanoparticles have decisively entered the field, creating the area of nanomedicine where nanoparticles are used for drug delivery, imaging, and tumor targeting. Besides these functions, scientists have addressed the specific ways in which nanoparticles interact with biomolecules, with proteins being the most prominent example. Depending on their size, shape, charge, and surface functionality, specifically designed nanoparticles can interact with proteins in a defined way...
May 8, 2017: Accounts of Chemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471641/ilmenite-nanotubes-for-high-stability-and-high-rate-sodium-ion-battery-anodes
#14
Litao Yu, Jun Liu, Xijun Xu, Liguo Zhang, Renzong Hu, Jiangwen Liu, Liuzhang Ouyang, Lichun Yang, Min Zhu
To solve the problem of large volume change and low electronic conductivity of earth-abundant ilmenite used in rechargeable Na-ion batteries (SIBs), an anode of tiny ilmenite FeTiO3 nanoparticle embedded carbon nanotubes (FTO⊂CNTs) has been successfully proposed. By introducing a TiO2 shell on metal-organic framework (Fe-MOF) nanorods by sol-gel deposition and subsequent solid-state annealing treatment of these core-shell Fe-MOF@TiO2, such well-defined FTO⊂CNTs are obtained. The achieved FTO⊂CNT electrode has several distinct advantages including a hollow interior in the hybrid nanostructure, fully encapsulated ultrasmall electroactive units, flexible conductive carbon matrix, and stable solid electrolyte interface (SEI) of FTO in cycles...
May 8, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463893/imaging-pathobiology-of-carotid-atherosclerosis-with-ultrasmall-superparamagnetic-particles-of-iron-oxide-an-update
#15
Umar Sadat, Ammara Usman, Jonathan H Gillard
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To provide brief overview of the developments regarding use of ultrasmall superparamagnetic particles of iron oxide in imaging pathobiology of carotid atherosclerosis. RECENT FINDINGS: MRI is a promising technique capable of providing morphological and functional information about atheromatous plaques. MRI using iron oxide particles, called ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide (USPIO) particles, allows detection of macrophages in atherosclerotic tissue...
April 29, 2017: Current Opinion in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462154/an-explanatory-case-on-the-limitations-of-lymph-node-staging-in-recurrent-prostate-cancer
#16
Marco Bandini, Giorgio Gandaglia, Nicola Fossati, Francesco Montorsi, Alberto Briganti
We describe the case of a 54-year-old man with nodal recurrence prostate cancer after radical prostatectomy, salvage external-beam radiotherapy and salvage lymph node dissection. The patient was evaluated with a lymphotropic ultrasmall superparamagnetic particles of iron oxide (USPIO)-MRI and a (68)Ga radiolabelled prostate specific membrane antigen (Ga68-PSMA) PET-CT scan which enhanced persistent localized nodal disease. The patient was then considered for a second robot-assisted extended S-LND. Differently from preoperative imaging, pathology report revealed a wide nodal involvement mirroring a metastatic disease...
May 2017: Urology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447080/doping-of-nematic-cyanobiphenyl-liquid-crystals-with-mesogen-hybridized-magnetic-nanoparticles
#17
Ingo Appel, Hajnalka Nádasi, Christian Reitz, Nerea Sebastián, Horst Hahn, Alexey Eremin, Ralf Stannarius, Silke S Behrens
Magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) functionalized with (pro-)mesogenic ligands are implemented into a nematic liquid crystal (LC) and studied regarding both colloidal stability and magneto-optical behavior. In this study, the particle surface is specifically engineered to tune the MNP interactions with the LC host. For this purpose, four types of (pro-)mesogenic ligands (ML) are synthesized, which are composed of three structural parts, i.e., a rigid, LC motif (i.e., cyanobiphenyl) and a functional group for nanoparticle binding, both linked via a flexible spacer of different alkyl chain lengths...
May 17, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445739/autophagy-associated-cytotoxicity-and-cellular-uptake-mechanisms-of-bismuth-nanoparticles-in-human-kidney-cells
#18
Yongming Liu, Jing Zhuang, Xihui Zhang, Cong Yue, Ning Zhu, Liecheng Yang, Yong Wang, Tao Chen, Yangyun Wang, Leshuai W Zhang
Bismuth compounds have been used for treatment of bacterial infection, and recently bismuth nanoparticles (BiNP) were synthesized for imaging and diagnostic purpose, while safety concern of bismuth cannot be ignored. Here, we prepared ultrasmall BiNP and showed an enhanced tumor imaging, but BiNP revealed a differentiated cytotoxicity in human embryonic kidney 293 cells (HEK293) compared to other cell types. For the first time, we found that BiNP can induce autophagy, shown as the increase of monodansylcadaverine fluorescence staining and the amount of LC3II that can be inhibited by 3-MA...
April 23, 2017: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437898/near-infrared-hybrid-plasmonic-multiple-quantum-well-nanowire-lasers
#19
Jiamin Wang, Wei Wei, Xin Yan, Jinnan Zhang, Xia Zhang, Xiaomin Ren
The lasing characteristics of hybrid plasmonic AlGaAs/GaAs multiple quantum well (MQW) nanowire (NW) lasers beyond diffraction limit have been investigated by 3D finite-difference time-domain simulations. The results show that the hybrid plasmonic MQW NW has lower threshold gain over a broad diameter range in comparison with its photonic counterpart. Beyond the diffraction limit, the hybrid plasmonic MQW NW has a lowest threshold gain of 788 cm<sup>-1</sup> at a diameter of 130 nm, and a cutoff diameter of 80 nm, half that of the photonic lasers...
April 17, 2017: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436511/self-template-synthesis-of-cds-nisx-heterostructured-nanohybrids-for-efficient-photocatalytic-hydrogen-evolution
#20
You Xu, Wenguang Tu, Shengming Yin, Markus Kraft, Qichun Zhang, Rong Xu
Photocatalytic hydrogen (H2) evolution from water splitting is attracting enormous interest due to the possibility of converting solar energy into green chemical energy. The construction of highly efficient and stable photocatalysts is of importance and necessary for the development of photocatalytic water splitting technology. In this study, we have developed a self-template synthetic strategy for the preparation of heterostructured nanohybrids composed of ultrasmall CdS and NiSx nanoparticles by using Cd(ii)-Ni(ii)-(4,4'-bipyridine) coordination polymers as the precursor and template...
April 24, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
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