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Tingting Liu, Shuo Wang, Qiuju Zhang, Liang Chen, Weihua Hu, Chang Ming Li
Ultrasmall ruthenium phosphide nanoparticles grown on reduced graphene oxide nanosheets (Ru2P/RGO-20) are reported as a highly efficient hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) catalyst. It achieves a current density of -10 mA cm-2 at extremely low overpotentials of -22 and -13 mV under acidic and alkaline conditions, respectively, superior to those of commercial Pt/C.
March 16, 2018: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Feiyang Yu, Ya Gao, Zhongling Lang, Yuanyuan Ma, Liying Yin, Jing Du, Huaqiao Tan, Yonghui Wang, Yangguang Li
Molybdenum carbides are considered as one type of privileged noble-metal-free electrocatalysts for hydrogen evolution reactions (HER) due to their d-band electron structure, which is similar to Pt. Especially, the electronic structure of such materials can be further adjusted by elemental doping to improve their electrocatalytic activity. Herein, we selected the Anderson-type polyoxometalates (POMs) (NH4)n[TMMo6O24H6]·5H2O (TM = Ni2+, Co2+, n = 4; TM = Fe3+, Cr3+, n = 3) as precursors to prepare new transition-metal-doped Mo2C materials...
March 16, 2018: Nanoscale
Eliott Teston, Thomas Maldiney, Iris Marangon, Jeanne Volatron, Yoann Lalatonne, Laurence Motte, Catherine Boisson-Vidal, Gwennhael Autret, Olivier Clément, Daniel Scherman, Florence Gazeau, Cyrille Richard
Once injected into a living organism, cells diffuse or migrate around the initial injection point and become impossible to be visualized and tracked in vivo. The present work concerns the development of a new technique for therapeutic cell labeling and subsequent in vivo visualization and magnetic retention. It is hypothesized and subsequently demonstrated that nanohybrids made of persistent luminescence nanoparticles and ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles incorporated into a silica matrix can be used as an effective nanoplatform to label therapeutic cells in a nontoxic way in order to dynamically track them in real-time in vitro and in living mice...
March 15, 2018: Small
Peter Werner Roesky, Christoph Schoo, Sebastian Bestgen, Alexander Egeberg, Svetlana Klementieva, Claus Feldmann, Sergey N Konchenko
Zintl-ions in molecular compounds are of fundamental interest for basic research and application. However, in contrast to the lighter group 15 elements, elemental antimony has never been applied as reagent for the preparation of molecular polystibides. Herein, we report for the first time two reactive antimony sources, which allow the direct access to molecular polystibide compounds. These are Sb amalgam (Sb/Hg) and ultrasmall Sb0 nanoparticles (d = 6.6±0.8 nm), which were used independently as precursors for the synthe-sis of the largest f-element polystibide, [(Cp*2Sm)4Sb8]...
March 12, 2018: Angewandte Chemie
Chunxia Li, Lili Xu, Zihua Liu, Zhengquan Li, Zewei Quan, Abdulaziz A Al Kheraif, Jun Lin
The design and fabrication of rare earth upconversion nanoparticle (UCNP)-based nanomedical platforms have evoked increasing interest. However, their bio-safety is always the most worrisome problem. Most nanoparticles can accumulate in the internal organs, leading to acute toxicity, a long-term inflammatory response, or even fibrosis and cancer. In contrast, ultrasmall (sub-10 nm) nanoparticles have minimal safety risk because they can escape from macrophages, pass biological barriers, and be easily degraded or excreted from the body...
March 12, 2018: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Yu Cheng, Xiaoxiao Tan, Jinping Wang, Yidan Wang, Yilin Song, Qing You, Qi Sun, Li Liu, Siyu Wang, Fengping Tan, Jiao Li, Nan Li
Recently, ultrasmall gadolinium oxide (Gd2 O3 ) nanoparticles with high longitudinal relaxation rate have received enormous attention. However, it can't be concentrated in tumor site through intravenous administration due to its ultrasmall size. In this project, we coated ultrasmall Gd2 O3 nanoparticles with a near-infrared (NIR) light-absorbing polymer polypyrrole (PPy), modifying with hyaluronic acid (HA) and loaded aluminum phthalocyanine (AlPc), the Gd2 O3 @PPy/AlPc-HA nanoparticles could be used for fluorescence (FL)/magnetic resonance (MR)/photoacoustic (PA) imaging guided as well as remotely controlled PTT/PDT combined anti-tumor therapy...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
Tomáš Neuman, Ruben Esteban, David Casanova, Francisco J Garcia-Vidal, Javier Aizpurua
As the size of a molecular emitter becomes comparable to the dimensions of a nearby optical resonator, the standard approach that considers the emitter to be a point-like dipole breaks down. By adopting a quantum description of the electronic transitions of organic molecular emitters, coupled to a plasmonic electromagnetic field, we are able to accurately calculate the position-dependent coupling strength between a plasmon and an emitter. The spatial distribution of excitonic and photonic quantum states is found to be a key aspect in determining the dynamics of molecular emission in ultrasmall cavities both in the weak and strong coupling regimes...
March 9, 2018: Nano Letters
Shenqiang Zou, Xiaofang Zhu, Lirong Zhang, Fan Guo, Miaomiao Zhang, Youwen Tan, Aihua Gong, Zhengzou Fang, Huixiang Ju, Chaoyang Wu, Fengyi Du
Cerium oxide nanoparticles recently have received extensive attention in biomedical applications due to their excellent anti-oxidation performance. In this study, a simple, mild, and green approach was developed to synthesize cerium-doped carbonaceous nanoparticles (Ce-doped CNPs) using bio-mineralization of bull serum albumin (BSA) as precursor. The resultant Ce-doped CNPs exhibited uniform and ultrasmall morphology with an average size of 14.7 nm. XPS and FTIR results revealed the presence of hydrophilic group on the surface of Ce-doped CNPs, which resulted in excellent dispersity in water...
March 6, 2018: Nanoscale Research Letters
Olena Ivashchenko, Barbara Peplińska, Jacek Gapiński, Dorota Flak, Marcin Jarek, Karol Załęski, Grzegorz Nowaczyk, Zuzanna Pietralik, Stefan Jurga
Micro/nanostructures, which are assembled from various nanosized building blocks are of great scientific interests due to their combined features in the micro- and nanometer scale. This study for the first time demonstrates that ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles can change the microstructure of their hydrocolloids under the action of external magnetic field. We aimed also at the establishment of the physiological temperature (39 °C) influence on the self-organization of silver and ultrasmall iron oxides nanoparticles (NPs) in hydrocolloids...
March 6, 2018: Scientific Reports
Rui Shen, Peipei Liu, Yiqiu Zhang, Zhao Yu, Xuyue Chen, Lu Zhou, Baoqing Nie, Anna Żaczek, Jian Chen, Jian Liu
As an important signaling molecule, hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) secreted externally by the cells influences cell migration, immunity generation, and cellular communications. Herein, we have developed a microfluidic approach with droplets in combination with Au nanoclusters for the sensitive detection of H2O2 secreted by a single cell. Isolated in the ultrasmall volume (4.2 nL) of a microdroplet, single-cell secreted H2O2 can initiate dramatic fluorescence changes of horseradish peroxidase-Au nanoclusters. We have demonstrated an ultrahigh sensitivity (200-400 attomole H2O2 directly measured from a single cell) with good specificity...
March 7, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
Sean T Hunt, Yuriy Román-Leshkov
Conspecuts Commercial and emerging renewable energy technologies are underpinned by precious metal catalysts, which enable the transformation of reactants into useful products. However, the noble metals (NMs) comprise the least abundant elements in the lithosphere, making them prohibitively scarce and expensive for future global-scale technologies. As such, intense research efforts have been devoted to eliminating or substantially reducing the loadings of NMs in various catalytic applications. These efforts have resulted in a plethora of heterogeneous NM catalyst morphologies beyond the traditional supported spherical nanoparticle...
March 6, 2018: Accounts of Chemical Research
Duo Mao, Fang Hu, Kenry, Shenglu Ji, Wenbo Wu, Dan Ding, Deling Kong, Bin Liu
Bacterial infection is one of the most serious physiological conditions threatening human health. There is an increasing demand for more effective bacterial diagnosis and treatment through noninvasive theranostic approaches. Herein, a new strategy is reported to achieve in vivo metabolic labeling of bacteria through the use of MIL-100 (Fe) nanoparticles (NPs) as the nanocarrier for precise delivery of 3-azido-d-alanine (d-AzAla). After intravenous injection, MIL-100 (Fe) NPs can accumulate preferentially and degrade rapidly within the high H2 O2 inflammatory environment, releasing d-AzAla in the process...
March 5, 2018: Advanced Materials
Seon Namgung, Daniel A Mohr, Daehan Yoo, Palash Bharadwaj, Steven J Koester, Sang-Hyun Oh
Metal nanoparticles that can couple light into tightly confined surface plasmons bridge the size mismatch between the wavelength of light and nanostructures are one of the smallest building blocks of nano-optics. However, plasmonic nanoparticles have been primarily studied to concentrate or scatter incident light as an ultrasmall antenna, while studies of their intrinsic plasmonic light emission properties have been limited. Although light emission from plasmonic structures can be achieved by inelastic electron tunneling, this strategy cannot easily be applied to isolated single nanoparticles due to the difficulty in making electrical connections without disrupting the particle plasmon mode...
March 2, 2018: ACS Nano
Dalong Ni, Dawei Jiang, Emily B Ehlerding, Peng Huang, Weibo Cai
As one of the most biocompatible and well-tolerated inorganic nanomaterials, silica-based nanoparticles (SiNPs) have received extensive attention over the last several decades. Recently, positron emission tomography (PET) imaging of radiolabeled SiNPs has provided a highly sensitive, noninvasive, and quantitative readout of the organ/tissue distribution, pharmacokinetics, and tumor targeting efficiency in vivo, which can greatly expedite the clinical translation of these promising NPs. Encouraged by the successful PET imaging of patients with metastatic melanoma using124 I-labeled ultrasmall SiNPs (known as Cornell dots or C dots) and their approval as an Investigational New Drug (IND) by the United States Food and Drug Administration, different radioisotopes (64 Cu,89 Zr,18 F,68 Ga,124 I, etc...
February 28, 2018: Accounts of Chemical Research
Isabel Abánades Lázaro, Sandra Abánades Lázaro, Ross S Forgan
Dual delivery of dichloroacetate and 5-fluorouracil from Zr MOFs into cancer cells is found to enhance in vitro cytotoxicity. Tuning particle size and, more significantly, surface chemistry, further improves cytotoxicity by promoting caveolae-mediated endocytosis and cytosolic cargo delivery.
February 27, 2018: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Wen Chen, Shunping Zhang, Qian Deng, Hongxing Xu
Plasmon rulers can be used for resolving ultrasmall environmental, dimensional, and material changes owing to their high sensitivity associated with a light-scattering spectral shift in response to changes in the separation between plasmonic nanostructures. Here, we show, in several experimental setups, how cavity plasmons in a metal nanowire-on-mirror setup can be used to probe vertical dimensional changes with sub-picometer differential resolutions using two carefully chosen material systems. Specifically, we monitor the dielectric layer thickness changes in response to growth using atomic-layer deposition and to thermal expansion, demonstrating a sensitivity of 14-nm spectral shift per Ångström thickness change and 0...
February 23, 2018: Nature Communications
Lizhong He, Jinyun Yuan, Nan Xia, Lingwen Liao, Xu Liu, Zibao Gan, Chengming Wang, Jinlong Yang, Zhikun Wu
Fine tuning nanoparticles with atomic precision is exciting and challenging and is critical for tuning the properties, understanding the structure-property correlation and determining the practical applications of nanoparticles. Some ultrasmall thiolated metal nanoparticles (metal nanoclusters) have been shown to be precisely doped, and even the protecting staple metal atom could be precisely reduced. However, the precise addition or reduction of the kernel atom while the other metal atoms in the nanocluster remain the same has not been successful until now to the best of our knowledge...
February 22, 2018: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Zelong Chen, Chenggong Yan, Shina Yan, Qin Liu, Meirong Hou, Yikai Xu, Rui Guo
Numerous biodegradable hydrogels for cartilage regeneration have been widely used in the field of tissue engineering. However, to non-invasively monitor hydrogel degradation and efficiently evaluate cartilage restoration in situ is still challenging. Methods: A ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide (USPIO)-labeled cellulose nanocrystal (CNC)/silk fibroin (SF)-blended hydrogel system was developed to monitor hydrogel degradation during cartilage regeneration. The physicochemical characterization and biocompatibility of the hydrogel were evaluated in vitro ...
2018: Theranostics
Yu Fang, Zhifeng Xiao, Jialuo Li, Christina Lollar, Lujia Liu, Xizhen Lian, Shuai Yuan, Sayan Banerjee, Peng Zhang, Hongcai Zhou
Earth abundant first-row transition-metal nanoclusters (NCs) have been extensively investigated as catalysts. However, their catalytic activity is relatively low compared with noble metal NCs. In this work we show that enhanced catalytic activity of cobalt NCs can be achieved by encapsulating Co NCs in soluble porous coordination cages. Two cages, PCC-2a and 2b, possess almost identical cavity in shape and size, while PCC-2a has five times more net charges than PCC-2b. Co2+ cations were accumulated in PCC-2a and reduced to Co NCs in situ, while for PCC-2b, only bulky Co particles were formed...
February 12, 2018: Angewandte Chemie
Qidi Chen, Jinkang Miao, Liang Quan, Daoping Cai, Hongbing Zhan
Exploring high-performance and low-priced electrode materials for supercapacitors is important but remains challenging. In this work, a unique sandwich-like nanocomposite of reduced graphene oxide (rGO)-supported N-doped carbon embedded with ultrasmall CoNiSx nanocrystallites (rGO/CoNiSx/N-C nanocomposite) has been successfully designed and synthesized by a simple one-step carbonization/sulfurization treatment of the rGO/Co-Ni precursor. The intriguing structural/compositional/morphological advantages endow the as-synthesized rGO/CoNiSx/N-C nanocomposite with excellent electrochemical performance as an advanced electrode material for supercapacitors...
February 12, 2018: Nanoscale
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