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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921105/ultrasmall-silver-nanoclusters-highly-efficient-antibacterial-activity-and-their-mechanisms
#1
Jian-Cheng Jin, Xiao-Juan Wu, Juan Xu, Bei-Bei Wang, Feng-Lei Jiang, Yi Liu
Silver materials have been widely used as antimicrobial agents. Notably, silver nanoparticles have emerged as a new generation of nanoproducts for biomedical and environmental applications in recent years. However, ultrasmall silver nanoclusters (NCs) (∼2 nm) have rarely been used to kill bacteria and their antibacterial mechanisms have not yet been fully elucidated. Herein, we studied the antibacterial activities of bifunctional fluorescent DHLA-AgNCs against three types of bacteria. The results showed that DHLA-AgNCs exhibited excellent antibacterial activities against Gram-negative E...
December 6, 2016: Biomaterials Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920896/assessing-the-hyperthermic-properties-of-magnetic-heterostructures-the-case-of-gold-iron-oxide-composites
#2
Elvira Fantechi, Paula M Castillo, Erika Conca, Francesca Cugia, Claudio Sangregorio, Maria Francesca Casula
Gold-iron oxide composites were obtained by in situ reduction of an Au(III) precursor by an organic reductant (either potassium citrate or tiopronin) in a dispersion of preformed iron oxide ultrasmall magnetic (USM) nanoparticles. X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, chemical analysis and mid-infrared spectroscopy show the successful deposition of gold domains on the preformed magnetic nanoparticles, and the occurrence of either citrate or tiopronin as surface coating. The potential of the USM@Au nanoheterostructures as heat mediators for therapy through magnetic fluid hyperthermia was determined by calorimetric measurements under sample irradiation by an alternating magnetic field with intensity and frequency within the safe values for biomedical use...
December 6, 2016: Interface Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916740/development-of-europium-doped-core-shell-silica-cobalt-ferrite-functionalized-nanoparticles-for-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#3
Bhavesh D Kevadiya, Aditya N Bade, Christopher Woldstad, Benson J Edagwa, JoEllyn M McMillan, Balasrinivasa R Sajja, Michael D Boska, Howard E Gendelman
: The size, shape and chemical composition of europium (Eu(3+)) cobalt ferrite (CFEu) nanoparticles were optimized for use as a "multimodal imaging nanoprobe" for combined fluorescence and magnetic resonance bioimaging. Doping Eu(3+) ions into a CF structure imparts unique bioimaging and magnetic properties to the nanostructure that can be used for real-time screening of targeted nanoformulations for tissue biodistribution assessment. The CFEu nanoparticles (size ∼7.2 nm) were prepared by solvothermal techniques and encapsulated into poloxamer 407-coated mesoporous silica (Si-P407) to form superparamagnetic monodisperse Si-CFEu nanoparticles with a size of ∼ 140 nm...
December 1, 2016: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912124/highly-dispersed-ultrasmall-ni-oh-2-aggregated-particles-on-a-conductive-support-as-a-supercapacitor-electrode-with-superior-performance
#4
Yue Wang, Xianfeng Zhang, Xin Li, Xiaojun Li, Yong Zhao, Hang Wei, Yongguang Liu, Peng Jiang, Minghui Liang
To reduce the size of Ni(OH)2 aggregates is an effective way to improve their capacitive performance for the electrodes of supercapacitors. The ultrasmall Ni(OH)2 aggregates (1-2nm) on active carbon (AC) can be obtained by depositing the soluble precursor of Ni(OH)2 on AC at low temperature. The Ni(OH)2/AC samples were characterized by SEM, TEM, XRD and XPS. The specific capacitance of ultrasmall Ni(OH)2 aggregates in the Ni(OH)2/AC composite can reach 2949Fg(-1) at a scan rate of 20mVs(-1), which is higher than its theoretical specific capacitance (2382Fg(-1))...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895477/noninvasive-monitoring-of-early-antiangiogenic-therapy-response-in-human-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma-xenograft-model-using-mri-with-rgd-conjugated-ultrasmall-superparamagnetic-iron-oxide-nanoparticles
#5
Yanfen Cui, Caiyuan Zhang, Ran Luo, Huanhuan Liu, Zhongyang Zhang, Tianyong Xu, Yong Zhang, Dengbin Wang
PURPOSE: Arginine-glycine-aspartic acid (RGD)-based nanoprobes allow specific imaging of integrin αvβ3, a protein overexpressed during angiogenesis. Therefore, this study applied a novel RGD-coupled, polyacrylic acid (PAA)-coated ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide (USPIO) (referred to as RGD-PAA-USPIO) in order to detect tumor angiogenesis and assess the early response to antiangiogenic treatment in human nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) xenograft model by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)...
2016: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892523/ultraviolet-optomechanical-crystal-cavities-with-ultrasmall-modal-mass-and-high-optomechanical-coupling-rate
#6
Wen Zhou, Zejie Yu, Jingwen Ma, Bingqing Zhu, Hon Ki Tsang, Xiankai Sun
Optomechanical crystal (OMC) cavities which exploit the simultaneous photonic and phononic bandgaps in periodic nanostructures have been utilized to colocalize, couple, and transduce optical and mechanical resonances for nonlinear interactions and precision measurements. The development of near-infrared OMC cavities has difficulty in maintaining a high optomechanical coupling rate when scaling to smaller mechanical modal mass because of the reduction of the spatial overlap between the optical and mechanical modes...
November 28, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882633/tailoring-renal-clearance-and-tumor-targeting-of-ultrasmall-metal-nanoparticles-with-particle-density
#7
Shaoheng Tang, Chuanqi Peng, Jing Xu, Bujie Du, Qingxiao Wang, Rodrigo D Vinluan, Mengxiao Yu, Moon J Kim, Jie Zheng
Identifying key factors that govern the in vivo behavior of nanomaterials is critical to the clinical translation of nanomedicines. Overshadowed by size-, shape-, and surface-chemistry effects, the impact of the particle core density on clearance and tumor targeting of inorganic nanoparticles (NPs) remains largely unknown. By utilizing a class of ultrasmall metal NPs with the same size and surface chemistry but different densities, we found that the renal-clearance efficiency exponentially increased in the early elimination phase while passive tumor targeting linearly decreased with a decrease in particle density...
November 24, 2016: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881291/assessment-of-carotid-plaque-inflammation-in-diabetic-and-nondiabetic-patients-an-exploratory-ultrasmall-superparamagnetic-iron-oxide-enhanced-magnetic-resonance-imaging-study
#8
Ammara Usman, Andrew J Patterson, Umar Sadat, Tjun Y Tang, Martin J Graves, Jonathan H Gillard
BACKGROUND: Ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide (USPIO)-enhanced magnetic resonance (MR) imaging enables the identification of inflammation within the atheroma, predominantly by USPIO uptake by macrophages present in atherosclerotic tissue. Diabetic patients, however, may have dysfunctional macrophage activity, which may affect utilization of USPIO in identifying plaque inflammation in this patient cohort. METHODS: Fifteen diabetic and fifteen nondiabetic patients underwent USPIO-enhanced carotid MR imaging using 1...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864037/early-monitoring-and-quantitative-evaluation-of-macrophage-infiltration-after-experimental-traumatic-brain-injury-a-magnetic-resonance-imaging-and-flow-cytometric-analysis
#9
Sushanta Kumar Mishra, B S Hemanth Kumar, Subash Khushu, Ajay K Singh, Gurudutta Gangenahalli
The inflammatory response following traumatic brain injury (TBI) is regulated by phagocytic cells. These cells comprising resident microglia and infiltrating macrophages play a pivotal role in the interface between early detrimental and delayed beneficial effects of inflammation. The aim of the present study was to monitor the early effect of monocyte/phagocytic accumulation and further to explore its kinetics in TBI mice. Localized macrophage population was monitored using ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide (USPIO) nanoparticle enhanced in vivo serial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)...
November 16, 2016: Molecular and Cellular Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860468/porphyrin-based-carbon-dots-for-photodynamic-therapy-of-hepatoma
#10
Yang Li, Xiaohua Zheng, Xiaoyu Zhang, Shi Liu, Qing Pei, Min Zheng, Zhigang Xie
Porphyrin-containing carbon dots (CDs) possess ultrasmall size, excellent water solubility, and photostability. These CDs can effectively generate cytotoxic singlet oxygen upon irradiation, and induce the cell apoptosis. Photodynamic ability of CDs inhibits the growth of hepatoma. This work not only sheds light on developing functional carbon dots, but also highlights the importance of special-structure precursor molecules in synthesizing functional CDs.
November 18, 2016: Advanced Healthcare Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860428/assessing-the-intracellular-integrity-of-phosphine-stabilized-ultrasmall-cytotoxic-gold-nanoparticles-enabled-by-fluorescence-labeling
#11
Janine Broda, Andrea Küster, Stefan Westhues, Dirk Fahrenkamp, Andreas T J Vogg, Julia Steitz, Felix M Mottaghy, Gerhard Müller-Newen, Ulrich Simon
As the size of nanoparticles (NPs) is in the range of biological molecules and subcellular structures, they provide new perspectives in biomedicine. This work presents studies concerning the cellular uptake and distribution of phosphine-stabilized cytotoxic 1.4 nm sized AuNPs and their probable degradation during this process. Therefore, ultrasmall phosphine-stabilized AuNPs are modified by linking a fluorophore covalently to the ligand shell. Monitoring the fluorescence on a cellular level by means of flow cytometry and confocal laser scanning microscopy allows determining the fate of the ligand shell during AuNP cell internalization, due to the fact that the fluorescence of a fluorophore bound near to the AuNP surface is quenched...
November 18, 2016: Advanced Healthcare Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845602/how-can-we-use-dendrimer-templated-ultrasmall-and-multifunctional-nanoparticles-in-photothermal-cancer-therapy
#12
Qiang Zhang, Zhengjie Zhou, Yitong Wang, Yiyun Cheng
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2016: Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819099/oxidative-etching-of-mos2-ws2-nanosheets-to-their-qds-by-facile-uv-irradiation
#13
Xiaolong Lu, Rongguo Wang, Lifeng Hao, Fan Yang, Weicheng Jiao, Ping Peng, Feng Yuan, Wenbo Liu
Oxidative etching has been proved to be an efficient top-down method to prepare quantum dots (QDs) of layered transition-metal dichalcogenides which possess unique properties and have potential applications in various areas. Here, one facile and green oxidative etching method induced by UV irradiation is reported to prepare the QDs of MoS2/WS2 in aqueous solution, respectively. A prominent morphology change occurred to the nanosheets of MoS2/WS2 after irradiation and finally they were etched to ultrasmall nanoparticles which were proved to be the QDs...
November 16, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27791364/albumin-bioinspired-gd-cus-nanotheranostic-agent-for-in-vivo-photoacoustic-magnetic-resonance-imaging-guided-tumor-targeted-photothermal-therapy
#14
Weitao Yang, Weisheng Guo, Wenjun Le, Guoxian Lv, Fuhe Zhang, Lei Shi, Xiuli Wang, Jun Wang, Sheng Wang, Jin Chang, Bingbo Zhang
Photothermal therapy (PTT) is attracting increasing interest and becoming more widely used for skin cancer therapy in the clinic, as a result of its noninvasiveness and low systemic adverse effects. However, there is an urgent need to develop biocompatible PTT agents, which enable accurate imaging, monitoring, and diagnosis. Herein, a biocompatible Gd-integrated CuS nanotheranostic agent (Gd:CuS@BSA) was synthesized via a facile and environmentally friendly biomimetic strategy, using bovine serum albumin (BSA) as a biotemplate at physiological temperature...
October 28, 2016: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785926/imaging-on-nodal-staging-of-prostate-cancer
#15
Aoife Kilcoyne, Melissa C Price, Shaunagh McDermott, Mukesh G Harisinghani
Prostate cancer is the second most common cancer in men and is the second highest cause of cancer death in men of all races. Accurate lymph node staging is essential to ensure adequate treatment of prostate cancer. Historically, conventional imaging methods have demonstrated limited sensitivity and specificity in the detection of lymph node metastases. There are many emerging PET tracers that have recently proven to be effective. In addition, the use of ultrasmall iron oxide nanoparticle-enhanced MRI has demonstrated promising results...
October 27, 2016: Future Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779713/a-novel-blood-pooling-mr-contrast-agent-carboxymethyl-diethylaminoethyl-dextran-magnetite
#16
Akinaga Sonoda, Norihisa Nitta, Keiko Tsuchiya, Ayumi Nitta-Seko, Shinichi Ohta, Hideji Otani, Kiyoshi Murata
Gadofosveset trisodium is available as a prolonged pooling vascular contrast agent for magnetic resonance imaging. As gadolinium (Gd)-based agents may increase the risk for nephrogenic systemic fibrosis in patients with severe renal insufficiency, the present study synthesized carboxymethyl-diethylaminoethyl dextran magnetite (CMEADM) particles as a blood-pooling, non-Gd‑based contrast agent. CMEADM particles carry a negative or positive charge due to the binding of amino and carboxyl groups to the hydroxyl group of dextran...
October 21, 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775926/polyethylene-glycol-coated-blue-emitting-silicon-dots-with-improved-properties-for-uses-in-aqueous-and-biological-environments
#17
Damián Rodríguez Sartori, Cristian R Lillo, Juan J Romero, María Laura Dell Arciprete, Alejandro Miñán, Mónica Fernández Lorenzo de Mele, Mónica C Gonzalez
Grafting of polyethylene glycol (PEG) to ultrasmall photoluminescent silicon dots (SiDs) is expected to improve and expand the applications of these particles to aqueous environments and biological systems. Herein we report a novel one-pot synthesis of robust, highly water compatible PEG-coated SiDs (denoted as PEG-SiDs) of (3.3 ± 0.5) nm size. The nanoparticles' synthesis is based on the liquid phase oxidation of magnesium silicide using PEG as reaction media and leading to high PEG density grafting. PEG-SiDs enhanced photophysical, photosensitising, and solution properties in aqueous environments are described and compared to those of 2 nm size PEG-coated SiDs with low PEG density grafting (denoted as PEG-NHSiDs) obtained from a multistep synthesis strategy...
October 24, 2016: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775841/evaluation-of-an-fmri-uspio-based-assay-in-healthy-human-volunteers
#18
Richard Baumgartner, William Cho, Alexandre Coimbra, Christopher Chen, Zaiqi Wang, Arie Struyk, Narayanaswamy Venketasubramanian, May Low, Cindy Gargano, Fuqiang Zhao, Donald Williams, Torsten Reese, Stephanie Seah, Dai Feng, Sonya Apreleva, Esben Petersen, Jeffrey L Evelhoch
PURPOSE: To present the testretest and contrast dose effect results of cerebral blood volume (CBV) functional MRI (fMRI) in healthy human volunteers using ferumoxytol (Feraheme), an ultrasmall-superparamagnetic iron oxide (USPIO) nanoparticle. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was an open-label, two-period, fixed-sequence study in healthy young volunteers. In eight subjects, using a 3 Tesla field strength system, blood oxygen level dependent (BOLD) and CBV fMRI were acquired in response to a visual black-and-white checkboard stimulation paradigm using an escalating ferumoxytol dose design (250, 350, and 510 mg iron)...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774789/tailoring-molecular-permeability-of-nanochannel-micelle-membranes-for-electrochemical-analysis-of-antioxidants-in-fruit-juices-without-sample-treatment
#19
Fei Yan, Bin Su
Antioxidants are widely found or used in food, pharmaceutical and cosmetics industries, thus rapid and sensitive detection of antioxidants is of great interest. The present work reports a simple and fast electrochemical method for direct analysis of antioxidants in fruit juices by modulating the permeability of mesochannels on the electrode surface. This goal was achieved by growing vertical silica mesochannel array (SMA) with a channel diameter of 2 ∼ 3 nm on the indium tin oxide (ITO) electrode surface using the cylindrical micelles (CMs) as the template...
October 24, 2016: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774787/template-free-synthesis-of-hollow-porous-organosilica-fe3o4-hybrid-nanocapsules-towards-mri-guided-high-intensity-focused-ultrasound-therapy
#20
Ming Ma, Fei Yan, Minghua Yao, Zijun Wei, Dongliang Zhou, Heliang Yao, Hairong Zheng, Hangrong Chen, Jianlin Shi
Entirely differing from the common templating-based multistep strategy in fabricating multifunctional hollow mesoporous silica nanoparticles (HMSNs), a facile and template-free synthetic strategy has been established in constructing a unique hollow/mesoporous organosilica nanocapsule concurrently encapsulating both isopentyl acetate (PEA) liquid and superparamagnetic iron oxides inside (denoted as PEA@OSNCs). This novel material exhibits ultrasmall and uniform particle size (~82 nm), high surface area (~534 m2 g-1) and excellent colloidal stability in aqueous solution...
October 24, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
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