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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148828/increased-cellular-aging-by-3-years-of-age-in-latino-preschool-children-who-consume-more-sugar-sweetened-beverages-a-pilot-study
#1
Janet M Wojcicki, Rosalinda Medrano, Jue Lin, Elissa Epel
BACKGROUND: Previous studies in adults and older children find that sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption increases risk for obesity and cellular aging, as measured by leukocyte telomere length (LTL). METHODS: In a previously described, San Francisco-based Latino birth cohort, where telomere length was measured at birth, we evaluate the relationship between beverage consumption (including SSB and 100% fruit juice), obesity, and LTL at 2-3 years old, as well as change in LTL from birth...
November 17, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146501/antibacterial-activity-and-probiotic-characterization-of-autochthonous-paenibacillus-polymyxa-isolated-from-anabas-testudineus-bloch-1792
#2
Sebastian J Midhun, Sahadevan Neethu, A Vysakh, Damodaran Arun, E K Radhakrishnan, Mathew Jyothis
Microbial fish pathogens are prevalent in aquaculture. Control of Bacterial fish pathogens is important and bio control of pathogenic bacteria is a novel field of study. The aim of this study was to evaluate the antagonistic activity of bacteria isolated from Anabas testudineus against potent fish pathogens. The cellular components/preparations and filtered cell free culture supernatants were effective against six fish pathogens. Altogether 110 strains were isolated from fish proximal and distal intestine, out of which 10 strains were selected through well diffusion method...
November 13, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146349/analysis-of-alternariol-and-alternariol-monomethyl-ether-in-foodstuffs-by-molecularly-imprinted-solid-phase-extraction-and-ultra-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry
#3
A Rico-Yuste, J Walravens, J L Urraca, R A G Abou-Hany, A B Descalzo, G Orellana, M Rychlik, S De Saeger, M C Moreno-Bondi
Molecularly imprinted porous polymer microspheres selective to Alternaria mycotoxins, alternariol (AOH) and alternariol monomethyl ether (AME), were synthesized and applied to the extraction of both mycotoxins in food samples. The polymer was prepared using 4-vinylpiridine (VIPY) and methacrylamide (MAM) as functional monomers, ethylene glycol dimethacrylate (EDMA) as cross-linker and 3,8,9-trihydroxy-6H-dibenzo[b,d]pyran-6-one (S2) as AOH surrogate template. A molecularly imprinted solid phase extraction (MISPE) method has been optimized for the selective isolation of the mycotoxins from aqueous samples coupled to HPLC with fluorescence (λex=258nm; λem=440nm) or MS/MS analysis...
March 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146085/how-to-suction-pancreatic-juice-from-the-duodenum-endoscope-catheter-or-cap-assisted
#4
EDITORIAL
Yan Bi, Baoan Ji, Massimo Raimondo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144877/role-of-proteolytic-enzyme-inhibitors-on-carious-and-eroded-dentin-associated-with-a-universal-bonding-system
#5
M C Giacomini, Pmc Scaffa, L P Chaves, Cmp Vidal, T N Machado, H M Honório, L Tjäderhane, L Wang
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of proteolytic inhibitors on the bond strength of a universal adhesive system (etch-and-rinse mode) applied to artificial carious and eroded dentin. METHODS: Ninety molars were prepared and randomly divided into three groups according to the substrate: N, no challenges; ACD, artificial carious dentin simulation and ERO, artificial erosion simulation with orange juice. All groups were redivided into three subgroups according to the dentin pretreatment: W, water; CHX, 2% digluconate chlorhexidine; and E-64 (trans-epoxysuccinyl-L-leucylamido-[4-guanidino] butane), 5 μM E-64 inhibitor...
November 2017: Operative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143827/digestion-under-saliva-simulated-gastric-and-small-intestinal-conditions-and-fermentation-in-vitro-of-polysaccharides-from-the-flowers-of-camellia-sinensis-induced-by-human-gut-microbiota
#6
Dan Chen, Guijie Chen, Peng Wan, Bing Hu, Ligen Chen, Shiyi Ou, Xiaoxiong Zeng, Hong Ye
In the present study, digestion under saliva, simulated gastric and small intestinal conditions and fermentation in vitro of polysaccharides from the flowers of Camellia sinensis (TFPS) by human gut microbiota were investigated. The results indicated that human saliva and simulated gastric and intestinal juices had no effect on TFPS, while TFPS could be utilized by human fecal microbiota, which was proved from the decreased molecular weight and lower content of total or reducing sugars after fermentation under anaerobic conditions...
November 16, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143121/telomere-length-of-gallbladder-epithelium-is-shortened-in-patients-with-congenital-biliary-dilatation-measurement-by-quantitative-fluorescence-in-situ-hybridization
#7
Yuto Aoki, Junko Aida, Youichi Kawano, Ken-Ichi Nakamura, Naotaka Izumiyama-Shimomura, Naoshi Ishikawa, Tomio Arai, Yoshiharu Nakamura, Nobuhiko Taniai, Eiji Uchida, Kaiyo Takubo, Toshiyuki Ishiwata
BACKGROUND: Congenital biliary dilatation (CBD) is a congenital malformation involving both dilatation of the extrahepatic bile duct and pancreaticobiliary maljunction. Persistent reflux of pancreatic juice injures the biliary tract mucosa, resulting in chronic inflammation and higher rates of carcinogenesis in the biliary tract, including the gallbladder. Telomeres are repetitive DNA sequences located at the ends of chromosomes. Chromosomal instability due to telomere dysfunction plays an important role in the carcinogenesis of many organs...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142398/cytotoxic-antimitotic-and-antiproliferation-studies-on-rasam-a-south-indian-traditional-functional-food
#8
Agilandeswari Devarajan, M K Mohan Maruga Raja
Background: Rasam is a traditional South Indian food, prepared using tamarind juice as a base, with a variety of spices. Rasam, with all its ingredients medicinally claimed for various ailments, is a functional food. Systematic consumption of traditional functional food provides an excellent preventive measure to ward off many diseases. Objective: To study rasam for cytotoxic, antimitotic, and antiproliferation potential beyond its culinary and nutritional effect...
October 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141968/the-nitrate-independent-blood-pressure-lowering-effect-of-beetroot-juice-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Zahra Bahadoran, Parvin Mirmiran, Ali Kabir, Fereidoun Azizi, Asghar Ghasemi
Beetroot is considered a complementary treatment for hypertension because of its high content of inorganic NO3 This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to clarify several aspects of beetroot juice supplementation on systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP). We searched PubMed, Scopus, and Embase databases, and the reference lists of previous reviews. Randomized clinical trials that investigated the effects of beetroot juice on resting blood pressure in humans were recruited for quality assessment, meta-analyses, subgroup analyses, and meta-regressions; of these, 22 were conducted between 2009 and 2017 and included a total of 47 intervention (n = 650) and 43 control (n = 598) groups...
November 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136948/gastroprotective-effect-and-mode-of-action-of-methanol-extract-of-sphenodesme-involucrata-var-paniculata-c-b-clarke-munir-lamiaceae-leaves-on-experimental-gastric-ulcer-models
#10
Puthanpura Sasidharan Sreeja, Karuppusamy Arunachalam, Sathyanarayanan Saikumar, Muniyandi Kasipandi, Sivaraj Dhivya, Rajan Murugan, Thangaraj Parimelazhagan
Sphenodesme involucrata var. paniculata (C. B. Clarke) Munir, endemic to South Asia, is used by tribal for alleviation from abdominal disorders, inflammation and body pain. However, the gastroprotective properties of this species have not yet been studied. The leaves of S. involucrata were extracted by Soxhlet extraction using different solvents successively and the extracts were analyzed for antioxidant and anti-Helicobacter pylori activities using different in vitro assays. The chemical composition of methanol extract of S...
November 9, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135497/pancreatic-chymotrypsin-activity-rather-than-amylase-level-better-predicts-postoperative-pancreatic-fistula
#11
Suguru Yamashita, Takeaki Ishizawa, Kazuhiro Mori, Kazuteru Monden, Yugo Kuriki, Mako Kamiya, Junichi Kaneko, Nobuhisa Akamatsu, Junichi Arita, Yoshihiro Sakamoto, Kiyoshi Hasegawa, Yasuteru Urano, Norihiro Kokudo
OBJECTIVE: To assess the predictive value of chymotrypsin activity in pancreatic juice on clinically relevant postoperative pancreatic fistula (CR-POPF) after pancreatic resection, since pancreatic peptidases rather than glycolytic enzymes play a pivotal role in causing tissue damage due to pancreatic leakage. BACKGROUND: The risk of CR-POPF has been estimated based on amylase level in abdominal drainage fluid. METHODS: Eighty-one consecutive patients underwent pancreatoduodenectomy, and postoperative pancreatic juice and drainage fluids were collected for 14 days...
November 13, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135026/sensory-and-flavor-characteristics-of-tomato-juice-from-garden-gem-and-roma-tomatoes-with-comparison-to-commercial-tomato-juice
#12
Yaozhou Zhu, Charles A Sims, Harry J Klee, Paul J Sarnoski
The objective of this study was to characterize the flavor of a premium Florida tomato variety that has significant potential for producing a high quality processed juice product. A high-quality Florida plum tomato variety (Garden Gem), and a typical grocery-store plum tomato variety (Roma) were thermally processed into tomato juices without any additives. The 2 pilot products and a popular commercially available tomato juice (low sodium with sugar and flavor added) were compared using sensory evaluation and instrumental analysis...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131970/aloe-barbadensis-miller-versus-silver-sulfadiazine-creams-for-wound-healing-by-secondary-intention-in-dogs-and-cats-a-randomized-controlled-study
#13
Dario Drudi, Debora Tinto, Davide Ferranti, Federico Fiorelli, Mara Dal Pozzo, Ombretta Capitani
The objective of this study was to compare the effectiveness of the topical application of Aloe barbadensis Miller (juice and fresh gel) to skin wounds, in dogs and cats, with that of topically applied silver sulfadiazine cream. The sample included 16 patients with cutaneous wounds (13 dogs and three cats) that were divided into three groups. Aloe vera "juice" and "fresh gel" were applied for groups I and II, respectively, while silver sulfadiazine was applied for the control group III. In order to evaluate the healing of wounds, the following parameters were taken into consideration: the percentage of wound shrinkage, the healing time and the macroscopic appearance of the scarring process...
October 31, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130542/safety-evaluation-of-p-synephrine-following-15%C3%A2-days-of-oral-administration-to-healthy-subjects-a-clinical-study
#14
Mohd Shara, Sidney J Stohs, Mahmoud M Smadi
Extracts of bitter orange (BOE, Citrus aurantium L.) and its primary protoalkaloid p-synephrine are extensively consumed as dietary supplements. p-Synephrine is also present in foods and juices prepared from various Citrus species. The safety of p-synephrine has been questioned as a result of structural similarities with ephedrine. This study assessed the cardiovascular (stimulant) and hemodynamic effects of BOE (49 mg p-synephrine) daily given to 16 healthy subjects for 15 days in a placebo-controlled, cross-over, double-blinded study...
November 12, 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130128/effect-of-cys-gsh-and-ph-on-mercury-release-from-tibetan-medicine-zuotai-%C3%AE-hgs-and-%C3%AE-hgs-in-artificial-gastrointestinal-juices
#15
Zhiyuan Zheng, Ming Zhang, Yuancan Xiao, Lixin Wei, Cen Li
Zuotai, also named as "gTso thal", a known Tibetan medicinal mixture containing insoluble cubic crystal mercuric sulfide (β-HgS), has been used to treat diseases with long history. The mercury release ratio from Zuotai in gastrointestinal environment is one determinant factor for its bioavailability and biological effect. However, the information is still scarce now. Therefore, the study was designed to investigate the effect of sulfhydryl biomolecules [L-cysteine (Cys) and glutathione (GSH)] and pH on mercury dissociation from Zuotai, β-HgS, and hexagonal crystal mercuric sulfide (α-HgS) in artificial gastrointestinal juices or pure water with a 1:100 solid-liquid ratio...
November 12, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128589/formulation-and-statistical-optimization-of-gastric-floating-alginate-oil-chitosan-capsules-loading-procyanidins-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-evaluations
#16
Rencai Chen, Xiaomin Guo, Xuecong Liu, Haiming Cui, Rui Wang, Jing Han
The aim of the present work was to develop gastric floating capsules containing oil-entrapped beads loading procyanidins. The floating beads were prepared by ionotropic gelation method using sodium alginate, CaCl2 and chitosan. The effect of three independent parameters (concentration of sodium alginate, CaCl2 and chitosan) on entrapment efficiency were analyzed by Box-Behnken design. The floating beads were evaluated for surface morphology, particle size, density, entrapment efficiency, buoyancy, release behavior in vitro and floating ability in vivo...
November 8, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125915/a-pilot-study-investigating-reactive-oxygen-species-production-in-capillary-blood-after-a-marathon-and-the-influence-of-an-antioxidant-rich-beetroot-juice
#17
Tom Clifford, Amy Bowman, Tess Capper, Dean M Allerton, Emma Foster, Mark Birch-Machin, Georg Lietz, Glyn Howatson, Emma J Stevenson
We report that reactive oxygen species (ROS), as measured in capillary blood taken from the finger-tip, increased after a marathon (+128% P < 0.01; ES = 1.17), indicating that this collection method might be useful for measuring ROS in field settings. However, mitochondrial DNA damage remained unchanged. Beetroot juice, taken before and after exercise, was unable to mitigate exercise induced-ROS production, questioning its use an antioxidant rich-food.
November 10, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125623/encapsulation-of-lactobacillus-casei-into-calcium-pectinate-chitosan-beads-for-enteric-delivery
#18
Aigerim Bepeyeva, Joao M S de Barros, Hanady Albadran, Aitbek K Kakimov, Zhaynagul Kh Kakimova, Dimitris Charalampopoulos, Vitaliy V Khutoryanskiy
Gel beads were prepared by extrusion of various types of pectin into 0.15 M calcium chloride. Size, morphology, and textural properties of 3 types of beads were evaluated and it was established that the use of 3 w/v % amidated pectin provides the optimal characteristics suitable for encapsulation of live bacteria. Lactobacillus casei NCIMB 30185 (PXN37) was encapsulated into calcium pectinate gel through the extrusion of a live bacteria dispersion in 3 w/v % pectin into a solution of calcium chloride. The capsules were then additionally coated with chitosan...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124773/consumption-of-orange-fermented-beverage-improves-antioxidant-status-and-reduces-peroxidation-lipid-and-inflammatory-markers-in-healthy-humans
#19
Blanca Escudero-López, Ángeles Ortega, Isabel Cerrillo, María-Rosario Rodríguez-Griñolo, Rocío Muñoz-Hernández, Hada C Macher, Franz Martín, Dámaso Hornero-Méndez, Pedro Mena, Daniele Del Rio, María-Soledad Fernández-Pachón
BACKGROUND: Alcoholic fermentation of fruits has generated novel products with high concentrations of bioactive compounds and moderate alcohol content. The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential effect on cardiovascular risk factors of the regular consumption by healthy humans of a beverage obtained by alcoholic fermentation and pasteurization of orange juice. RESULTS: Thirty healthy volunteers were enrolled in a randomized controlled study. The experimental group (n=15) drank 500 mL orange beverage (OB) day(-1) for 2 weeks (intervention phase), followed by a 3-week washout phase...
November 9, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124370/popular-weight-loss-strategies-a-review-of-four-weight-loss-techniques
#20
REVIEW
Jonathan Obert, Michelle Pearlman, Lois Obert, Sarah Chapin
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this paper is to review the epidemiology of obesity and the most recent literature on popular fad diets and exercise regimens that are used for weight loss. The weight loss plans that will be discussed in this article include juicing or detoxification diets, intermittent fasting, the paleo diet, and high intensity training. RECENT FINDINGS: Despite the growing popularity of fad diets and exercise plans for weight loss, there are limited studies that actually suggest these particular regimens are beneficial and lead to long-term weight loss...
November 9, 2017: Current Gastroenterology Reports
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