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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331733/aronia-melanocarpa-fruit-juice-ameliorates-the-symptoms-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease-in-tnbs-induced-colitis-in-rats
#1
Stefka Valcheva-Kuzmanova, Atanas Kuzmanov, Vasilena Kuzmanova, Maria Tzaneva
Trinitrobenzensulfonic acid (TNBS) is commonly used to induce an experimental inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) model. Oxidative stress and inflammation have been proposed as mechanisms underlying the pathophysiology of IBD. Aronia melanocarpa fruit juice (AMFJ) is extremely rich in polyphenolic substances, mainly proanthocyanidins, flavonoids and phenolic acids. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of AMFJ in a rat TNBSinduced colitis model and to compare the effect of the juice with that of sulfasalazine...
January 10, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331460/inhibition-of-shigella-sonnei-induced-epithelial-barrier-disruption-by-surface-layer-associated-proteins-of-lactobacilli-from-chinese-fermented-food
#2
Yingchun Zhang, Xiaolu Shi, Siqi Hao, Qianhui Lu, Lanwei Zhang, Xue Han, Weihong Lu
Surface-layer associated proteins (SLAP) of Lactobacillus paracasei ssp. paracasei M5-L and Lactobacillus casei Q8-L were examined to identify the functional basis for their protection within intestinal epithelial cells. The results showed that SLAP of M5-L and Q8-L remained active in a trypsin solution and retained a 45-kDa protein band, similar to that observed in controls. In contrast, under conditions of simulated gastric juice, the SLAP were partially degraded. Inhibitory effects of SLAP on adherence of Shigella sonnei to HT-29 cells were assessed with use of exclusion, competition, and replacement assays...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331107/endoscopic-full-thickness-resection-combined-with-laparoscopic-surgery
#3
Chan Gyoo Kim
Endoscopic full-thickness resection combined with laparoscopic surgery was recently developed. These procedures could be categorized as "Cut first and then suture" and "Suture first and then cut". "Cut first and then suture" includes laparoscopic and endoscopic cooperative surgery (LECS) and laparoscopy-assisted endoscopic full-thickness resection (LAEFR). Recent studies have demonstrated the safety and efficacy of LECS and LAEFR. However, these techniques are limited by the related exposure of the tumor and gastric mucosa to the peritoneal cavity and manipulation of these organs, which could lead to viable cancer cell seeding and the spillage of gastric juice into the peritoneal cavity...
January 12, 2018: Clinical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330706/color-stability-of-different-composite-resins-after-polishing
#4
Stefano Ardu, O Duc, E Di Bella, I Krejci
The goals of the present study were to evaluate, in vitro, the staining of different composite resins submitted to different common beverages, and to compare the staining effect of each of these solutions. A total of 288 specimens were randomly divided into six groups and immersed for 4 weeks in five staining solutions represented by red wine, orange juice, coke, tea and coffee or in artificial saliva as a control group. When analyzed over a black background, mean ΔE00 values varied from 0.8 for Venus Diamond, Saremco Microhybrid and ELS in saliva and Estelite Posterior in coke to 37...
January 12, 2018: Odontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330029/association-of-100-fruit-juice-consumption-and-3-year-weight-change-among-postmenopausal-women-in-the-in-the-women-s-health-initiative
#5
Brandon J Auerbach, Alyson J Littman, James Krieger, Bessie A Young, Joseph Larson, Lesley Tinker, Marian L Neuhouser
The association between drinking 100% fruit juice and long-term weight gain is controversial and has been investigated in few studies. We examined whether 100% fruit juice consumption was associated with weight change in a large prospective cohort of postmenopausal women. We analyzed data from 49,106 postmenopausal women in the United States enrolled in the Women's Health Initiative between 1993 and 1998. Food frequency questionnaires at baseline and year 3 assessed food and beverage intake. Body weight was measured at in-person clinic visits...
January 9, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329850/gc-ms-profiling-descriptive-sensory-analysis-and-consumer-acceptance-of-costa-rican-papaya-carica-papaya-l-fruit-purees
#6
Veronika M Lieb, Patricia Esquivel, Elba Cubero Castillo, Reinhold Carle, Christof B Steingass
Volatiles of papaya purees from four Costa Rican cultivars were analysed by solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. A total of 83 volatiles was assigned in the purees, of which 19 were detected for the first time as papaya constituents. As revealed by multivariate statistics, i.e., principal component analysis (PCA) and partial least squares discriminant analysis (PLS-DA), the purees may be allocated to terpene- and lactone-rich ('SH-5'), ester-containing ('Criolla'), and intermediate chemotypes ('Pococí' and 'Silvestre')...
May 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329831/physicochemical-properties-nutritional-value-and-techno-functional-properties-of-goldenberry-physalis-peruviana-waste-powder-concise-title-composition-of-goldenberry-juice-waste
#7
Sayed M Mokhtar, Hesham M Swailam, Hassan El-Sayed Embaby
Goldenberry waste powder, contained 5.87% moisture, 15.89% protein, 13.72% fat, 3.52% ash, 16.74% dietary fiber and 61% carbohydrates. Potassium (560 mg/100 g) was the predominant element followed by sodium (170 mg/100 g) and phosphorus (130 mg/100 g). Amino acid analysis gave high levels of cystine/methionine, histidine and tyrosine/phenylalanine. Goldenberry waste powder had good levels of the techno-functional properties including water absorption index, swelling index, foaming capacity and stability (3...
May 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329227/fermentation-guided-natural-products-isolation-of-a-grape-berry-triacylglyceride-that-enhances-ethyl-ester-production
#8
Christopher L Blackford, Eric G Dennis, Robert A Keyzers, Claudia Schueuermann, Robert D Trengove, Paul K Boss
A full understanding of the origin, formation and degradation of volatile compounds that contribute to wine aroma is required before wine style can be effectively managed. Fractionation of grapes represents a convenient and robust method to simplify the grape matrix to enhance our understanding of the grape contribution to volatile compound production during yeast fermentation. In this study, acetone extracts of both Riesling and Cabernet Sauvignon grape berries were fractionated and model wines produced by spiking aliquots of these grape fractions into model grape juice must and fermented...
January 12, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327216/dental-erosion-prevalence-and-risk-factors-among-a-group-of-adolescents-in-stockholm-county
#9
M Skalsky Jarkander, M Grindefjord, K Carlstedt
AIMS: To investigate the prevalence and risk factors of dental erosion (DE) among a group of adolescents in Stockholm County. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross sectional cohort study was conducted at three clinics of the Public Dental Service in Stockholm County. Fifteen and 17 year old adolescents (1335) who scheduled their regular dental health examination were asked to participate. After drop-outs a sample of 1071 individuals, 547 males and 524 females were enrolled in the study...
January 11, 2018: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325892/added-sugar-intake-among-pregnant-women-in-the-united-states-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2003-2012
#10
Catherine E Cioffi, Janet Figueroa, Jean A Welsh
BACKGROUND: Despite associations of dietary added sugar with excess weight gain and chronic disease risk, intake among most Americans exceeds the recommended limits (<10% total energy). Maternal diet plays an important role in pregnancy-related outcomes, but little is known about the extent of added sugar intake during pregnancy. OBJECTIVE: To assess intake and identify the top sources of added sugars in the diets of pregnant vs nonpregnant women in the United States...
January 9, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324427/lemons-in-the-arizona-sunshine-the-effects-of-furocoumarins-leading-to-phytophotodermatitis-and-burn-like-injuries
#11
Marc R Matthews, Joel C VanderVelde, Daniel M Caruso, Kevin N Foster
INTRODUCTION: Phytophototoxic dermatitis is a strong phototoxic reaction to ultraviolet A (UV-A) radiation exposure after cutaneous contact with citrus fruit containing furocoumarins, leading to skin injury. At the Arizona Burn Center (Phoenix, AZ), the majority of these injuries are managed in the outpatient setting. CASE REPORT: The authors present a pediatric admission for burn-like injuries following prolonged cutaneous exposure to lemons while playing in the Arizona sunshine...
December 2017: Wounds: a Compendium of Clinical Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323406/type-and-timing-of-dietary-acid-intake-and-tooth-wear-among-american-adults
#12
Lynn H Al-Zwaylif, Saoirse O'Toole, Eduardo Bernabé
OBJECTIVES: To explore the interrelationship between type and timing of dietary acid intake and tooth wear among American adults. METHODS: This study used data from 3,586 adults, aged 18 years and older, who participated in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2003-04. Information on four types of acidic food and beverages (fruits, fruit juices, alcoholic drinks, and soft drinks) and timing of consumption (meals versus snacks, defined according to percentage of total energy intake, self-reported eating occasion, and time of day) was extracted from two 24-hour dietary recalls...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322002/complementary-and-alternative-medicine-use-in-thalassemia-patients-in-shiraz-southern-iran-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Mohammadreza Bordbar, Mehdi Pasalar, Sanaz Safaei, Roza Kamfiroozi, Sohelia Zareifar, Omidreza Zekavat, Sezaneh Haghpanah
This study aimed to determine the frequency and pattern of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use in thalassemia patients in south of Iran. The survey was done using a validated questionnaire which was distributed among 122 thalassemia patients. Only 108 questionnaires were completed and turned back (response rate 88.5%). Patients referred to an outpatient thalassemia clinic in Shiraz, southern Iran for blood transfusion. The mean age of the patients was 22.9 ± 7.9 years (range 4-45 years) with female/male ratio 1...
January 2018: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319821/probiotic-potency-of-lactobacillus-plantarum-kx519413-and-kx519414-isolated-from-honey-bee-gut
#14
C Honey Chandran, T R Keerthi
The Indian honey bee-Apis cerana indica, which harbors an abundant and diverse range of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) in their gut with beneficial effects was used as the source for the isolation of LAB. In the present study, two LAB isolates from honey bee gut were selected primarily based on their phenotypic and selective biochemical characterization, further PCR and identified using 16S rRNA sequencing as Lactobacillus plantarum and were registered in National Centre for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) under accession number KX519413 and KX519414...
January 8, 2018: FEMS Microbiology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319257/bottle-gourd-lagenaria-siceraria-juice-poisoning
#15
Pravin M Rathi, Pinakin S Patel
We present the case of a young woman who presented to us with multiple episodes of vomiting, followed by hematemesis and abdominal pain after consuming bottle gourd juice. The patient was resuscitated and stabilized with fluids, proton pump inhibitors and antiemetics and discharged in stable condition. As a member of the Cucurbitaceae family, bottle gourd contains toxic tetracyclic triterpenoid compounds called cucurbitacins which are responsible for the bitter taste and toxicity. There is no known antidote for this toxicity, and clinicians treat such patients symptomatically only...
October 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318897/in-vitro-and-in-silico-characterisation-of-lactobacillus-paraplantarum-d2-1-a-starter-culture-for-soymilk-fermentation
#16
Akihito Endo, Fuko Sasaki, Shintaro Maeno, Yu Kanesaki, Yu Hamaguchi, Glaezel Angelique Torres, Satoru Tomita, Junichi Nakagawa
Soymilk contains several functional nutrients and is thus a promising ingredient for production of functional foods. The present research aimed to study starter properties, functional characteristics and safety of Lactobacillus paraplantarum D2-1, a promising starter culture for soymilk fermentation. Strain D2-1 actively fermented soymilk within 24 h but had weak activity of additional acid production after 7 d. Succinate and acetoin, which could be linked to flavour and taste, were accumulated in fermented soymilk...
January 10, 2018: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318755/sugar-intake-by-type-added-vs-naturally-occurring-and-physical-form-liquid-vs-solid-and-its-varying-association-with-children-s-body-weight-nhanes-2009-2014
#17
J A Welsh, Y Wang, J Figueroa, C Brumme
BACKGROUND: Sugars and their primary dietary sources (milk, fruits, sweetened foods and beverages) are associated, in different ways, with a range of health outcomes, including obesity. The contribution made to total sugar intake and how the different types and forms of sugar associate with body weight is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To describe sugar consumption and examine its association with weight status among U.S. children by sugar type [added {AS} vs. naturally occurring {NOS}] and form (solid vs...
January 9, 2018: Pediatric Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317167/sirt1-activator-isolated-from-artificial-gastric-juice-incubate-of-total-saponins-in-stems-and-leaves-of-panax-ginseng
#18
Xiu-Wei Yang, Li-Yuan Ma, Qi-Le Zhou, Wei Xu, You-Bo Zhang
Panax ginseng as a traditional Chinese medicine has been extensively used for the treatment of many diseases, especially in prolonging life and anti-tumor. Dammarane-type triterpenoids from P. ginseng have diverse beneficial effects and their chemical structures can be modified in the gastrointestinal tract after oral administration. In this paper, the dammarane-type triterpenoids were isolated from artificial gastric juice incubate of total saponins in the stems and leaves of P. ginseng through column chromatographic methods and their chemical structures were determined based on spectral data...
December 30, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317097/precision-of-655nm-confocal-laser-profilometry-for-3d-surface-texture-characterisation-of-natural-human-enamel-undergoing-dietary-acid-mediated-erosive-wear
#19
F Mullan, P Mylonas, C Parkinson, D Bartlett, R S Austin
OBJECTIVES: To assess the precision of optical profilometry for characterising the 3D surface roughness of natural and polished human enamel in order to reliably quantify acid mediated surface roughness changes in human enamel. METHODS: Forty-two enamel samples were prepared from extracted human molars and either polished flat or left unmodified. To investigate precision, the variability of thirty repeated measurements of five areas of one polished and one natural enamel sample was assessed using 655nm Confocal Laser Profilometry...
January 6, 2018: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317029/fluorescent-sensing-of-ascorbic-acid-based-on-iodine-induced-oxidative-etching-and-aggregation-of-lysozyme-templated-silver-nanoclusters
#20
Qinchao Mo, Fang Liu, Jing Gao, Meiping Zhao, Na Shao
In this work, we developed a sensitive and highly selective fluorescent approach for the detection of ascorbic acid (AA) by taking advantage of the oxidative etching effect of iodine (I2) on the lysozyme-stabilized silver nanoclusters (dLys-AgNCs) with fluorescence quenching. I2 could be produced from the redox reaction between iodate (IO3-) and AA, and thus the fluorescence intensity of dLys-AgNCs was turned off significantly in the coexistence of IO3- and AA. The fluorescence quenching of dLys-AgNCs had a good linear relationship with AA concentration, which allowed the detection of AA in the range from 0...
March 20, 2018: Analytica Chimica Acta
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