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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745210/variability-in-threshold-for-medication-error-reporting-between-physicians-nurses-pharmacists-and-families
#1
Patricia Keefer, Kelley Kidwell, Candace Lengyel, Kavita Warrier, Deborah Wagner
BACKGROUND: Voluntary medication error reporting is an imperfect resource used to improve the quality of medication administration. It requires judgment by front-line staff to determine how to report enough to identify opportunities to improve patient safety but not jeopardize that safety by creating a culture of "report fatigue." OBJECTIVE: This study aims to provide information on interpretability of medication error and the variability between subgroups of caregivers in the hospital setting...
July 24, 2017: Current Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743149/-the-influence-of-anesthesia-on-perioperative-outcome-in-children-institutional-and-individual-factors
#2
Frank Fideler, Christian Grasshoff
The perioperative care of children is challenging for health care providers. Since anesthetists cannot affect the nature of the disease and have hardly an impact on the decision for surgery we summarized in this review individual and institutional factors for improving perioperative outcome by anesthetists. Individual factors include the level of education and the professional experience of the anesthetist as well as an anesthetic management that is focused on the maintenance of an adequate cerebral perfusion...
July 2017: Anästhesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie: AINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739656/guiding-principles-for-team-based-pediatric-care
#3
Julie P Katkin, Susan J Kressly, Anne R Edwards, James M Perrin, Colleen A Kraft, Julia E Richerson, Joel S Tieder, Liz Wall
The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recognizes that children's unique and ever-changing needs depend on a variety of support systems. Key components of effective support systems address the needs of the child and family in the context of their home and community and are dynamic so that they reflect, monitor, and respond to changes as the needs of the child and family change. The AAP believes that team-based care involving medical providers and community partners (eg, teachers and state agencies) is a crucial and necessary component of providing high-quality care to children and their families...
July 24, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739655/critical-issues-in-food-allergy-a-national-academies-consensus-report
#4
Scott H Sicherer, Katrina Allen, Gideon Lack, Steve L Taylor, Sharon M Donovan, Maria Oria
The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine convened an expert, ad hoc committee to examine critical issues related to food allergy. The authors of the resulting report, "Finding a Path to Safety in Food Allergy: Assessment of the Global Burden, Causes, Prevention, Management, and Public Policy," evaluated the scientific evidence on the prevalence, diagnosis, prevention, and management of food allergy and made recommendations to bring about a safe environment for those affected. The committee recommended approaches to monitor prevalence, explore risk factors, improve diagnosis, and provide evidence-based health care...
July 24, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737600/an-interprofessional-quality-improvement-initiative-to-standardize-pediatric-extubation-readiness-assessment
#5
Samer Abu-Sultaneh, Acrista J Hole, Alvaro J Tori, Brain D Benneyworth, Riad Lutfi, Christopher W Mastropietro
OBJECTIVES: Establishing protocols to wean mechanical ventilation and assess readiness for extubation, with the goal of minimizing morbidity associated with extubation failure and prolonged mechanical ventilation, have become increasingly important in contemporary PICUs. The aim of this quality improvement initiative is to establish a respiratory therapist-led daily spontaneous breathing trial protocol to standardize extubation readiness assessment and documentation in our PICU. DESIGN: A quality improvement project...
July 21, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736201/text-message-reminders-for-vaccination-of-adolescents-with-chronic-medical-conditions-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#6
Annika M Hofstetter, Angela Barrett, Stewin Camargo, Susan L Rosenthal, Melissa S Stockwell
BACKGROUND: Many adolescents with chronic medical conditions (CMCs) are at risk of vaccine-preventable infection, yet are frequently under-vaccinated. Text message reminders, particularly those with embedded educational information, have been shown to increase general pediatric vaccination. Their use has not been studied specifically among adolescents with CMCs. METHODS: Eligible parents of adolescents with CMCs receiving care at one of 4 academically-affiliated pediatric clinics and requiring human papillomavirus (first dose), influenza, and/or pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccines were randomized in 4 consecutive cohorts to receive text message vaccine reminders with or without embedded educational information ("educational" vs...
July 20, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722615/assessing-the-short-term-global-health-experience-a-cross-sectional-study-of-demographics-socioeconomic-factors-and-disease-prevalence
#7
Olivia Geen, Allison Pumputis, Cristina Kochi, Andrew Costa, Karl Stobbe
Interest in short-term global health experiences to underserviced populations has grown rapidly in the last few decades. However, there remains very little research on what participants can expect to encounter. At the same time, it has been suggested that in order for physicians and workers to provide safe and effective care, volunteers should have a basic understanding of local culture, health systems, epidemiology, and socioeconomic needs of the community before arriving. Our objective was to add to the limited literature on what short-term global health trips can expect to encounter through a cross-sectional study of patient demographics, socioeconomic markers, and the prevalence of diseases encountered on a short-term medical service trip to Lima, Peru...
June 12, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719482/teaching-incision-and-drainage-perceived-educational-value-of-abscess-models
#8
Cynthia M Adams, Lise E Nigrovic, Gavin Hayes, Peter H Weinstock, Joshua Nagler
OBJECTIVES: Incision and drainage (I&D) of skin abscesses is an important procedural skill for pediatric emergency medicine providers. Practical skills training using simulation provides an opportunity to learn and gain confidence with this invasive procedure. Our objective was to assess the perceived educational value of 2 versions of an abscess model as part of an educational workshop for teaching I&D. METHODS: A combined didactic and practical skills workshop was developed for use at 2 national conferences...
July 17, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719481/opioid-prescribing-practices-in-pediatric-acute-care-settings
#9
Michelle DePhillips, Jennifer Watts, Jennifer Lowry, M Denise Dowd
OBJECTIVES: Deaths due to prescription opioid overdoses are at record-high levels. Limiting the amount of opioid prescribed has been suggested as a prevention strategy. The purpose of this study was to describe the opioid prescribing practices in the emergency departments and urgent care sites of a Midwestern tertiary care children's hospital system. METHODS: This retrospective medical record review examined the visits from the 2 pediatric emergency departments and 2 pediatric urgent care sites in the system from June 1, 2012, to May 31, 2013, during which an outpatient opioid prescription was written...
July 17, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719478/a-review-of-nonfatal-drowning-in-the-pediatric-age-group-a-10-year-experience-at-a-university-hospital-in-saudi-arabia
#10
Faisal O Al-Qurashi, Abdullah A Yousef, Abdullah Aljoudi, Saleh M Alzahrani, Nasser Y Al-Jawder, Abdulrahman K Al-Ahmar, Mosab S Al-Majed, Hussam M Abouollo
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the nonfatal drowning experience, risk factors, intrahospital assessment and postincidental outcomes for children admitted to King Fahd Hospital of the University, AlKhobar, Saudi Arabia, over a 10-year period. METHODS: Children up to the age of 14 years who were admitted with the diagnosis of nonfatal drowning from July 2005 to June 2015 were included. Data regarding demographics, timing, season and location of drowning, presence of an assigned lifeguard, duration of submersion and transport to hospital, cardiopulmonary resuscitation, initial Glasgow Coma Scale, temperature, pH, blood sugar level, total hospital stay, and discharge status were extrapolated, and their effects on the patient's outcome analyzed...
July 17, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716513/update-in-the-treatment-of-chronic-pain-within-pediatric-patients
#11
Jeffrey Rabin, Mackenzie Brown, Sean Alexander
Pediatric chronic pain is a challenging entity to evaluate and treat as it encompasses a wide variety of presentations often with overlapping psychosocial implications. Chronic pain may have significant effects upon a child's involvement in academic, athletic, and social participation. If unrecognized, it may have deleterious effects upon family interactions and stability. The treatment of pediatric chronic pain is focused on not only providing analgesia, but also on assisting the child and family with reintegrating into a more functional lifestyle...
July 14, 2017: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715290/trainees-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-towards-caring-for-the-substance-exposed-mother-infant-dyad
#12
Davida M Schiff, Barry Zuckerman, Elisha M Wachman, Megan Bair-Merritt
BACKGROUND: As rates of substance use disorder during pregnancy rise, pediatric trainees are increasingly caring for infants with neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS). This study evaluated the knowledge, attitudes, and practices of trainees caring for substance-exposed newborns and their families, comparing differences by level and type of training, and personal experience with addiction or trauma. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of medical students, pediatric, medicine/pediatrics and family medicine residents in 2015-2106...
July 17, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713146/-being-persistent-without-being-pushy-student-reflections-on-vaccine-hesitancy
#13
Amy E Caruso Brown, Manika Suryadevara, Thomas R Welch, Ann S Botash
Our goal as pediatric educators is to graduate physicians who have witnessed effective approaches and have grasped the nuances of communication strategies between vaccine-hesitant families and health care providers. We identified vaccine hesitancy as a recurring topic in 19 of 304 medical student reflective narratives addressing an issue in professionalism or systems-based practice. We conducted content analysis on the narratives in order to gain a better understanding of student perceptions of visits in which they observed a provider discussing vaccine hesitancy with a parent...
2017: Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712110/assessing-attitudes-and-actions-of-pediatric-dentists-toward-childhood-obesity-and-sugar-sweetened-beverages
#14
Robin Wright, Paul S Casamassimo
OBJECTIVES: Childhood obesity is a major US health concern, and oral health professionals have opportunities to participate in an interprofessional effort to intervene owing to their access to young patients and their abilities in addressing obesity-related dietary habits like consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs). This study determined attitudes, behaviors, future intentions, and perceived barriers of pediatric dentists regarding efforts to prevent childhood obesity and reduce children's consumption of SSBs...
July 15, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711194/factors-associated-with-epinephrine-administration-for-anaphylaxis-in-children-before-arrival-to-the-emergency-department
#15
Melissa Robinson, Matthew Greenhawt, David R Stukus
BACKGROUND: Epinephrine is the first-line treatment for anaphylaxis but may be underused by patients and medical personnel. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate factors associated with anaphylaxis management before arrival at the emergency department (ED) or urgent care center (UCC). METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of electronic medical records for all patients aged 0 to 25 years presenting with anaphylaxis to the ED or UCC at a pediatric academic referral center during 2009 to 2013...
June 30, 2017: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709161/roles-of-medication-responsibility-executive-and-adaptive-functioning-in-adherence-for-children-and-adolescents-with-perinatally-acquired-hiv
#16
Patricia A Garvie, Sean S Brummel, Susannah M Allison, Kathleen M Malee, Claude A Mellins, Megan L Wilkins, Lynnette L Harris, E Doyle Patton, Miriam C Chernoff, Richard M Rutstein, Mary E Paul, Sharon L Nichols
BACKGROUND: Medication adherence is a critical but challenging developmental task for children and adolescents with perinatally acquired HIV (PHIV). Understanding how medication responsibility, executive functions (EFs) and adaptive functioning (AF) influence adherence may help prepare adolescents for transition to adulthood. METHODS: Participants included PHIV children and adolescents 7-16 years of age enrolled in the Pediatric HIV/AIDS Cohort Study Adolescent Master Protocol, who were prescribed antiretroviral medications...
August 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707231/a-medical-student-run-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-clinic-one-institution-s-experience
#17
Cassandra A Murzl, Tyler A Durns, Lorin T Mowrey, Andrew S Tubbs, Sally A Boeve
OBJECTIVE: This report examines the experience of one institution's development of the first student-run psychiatry clinic that serves both adult and pediatric populations. METHODS: The clinic is held weekly with pre-clinical and clinical medical student volunteers under the supervision of board-certified adult and child psychiatrists. The development and evolution of the clinic over time are evaluated with particular attention to obstacles overcome. Medical student volunteers were surveyed retrospectively to evaluate their experience with patients with psychiatric illness, skill development, and interest in psychiatry...
July 13, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705913/interpretation-modalities-used-on-family-centered-rounds-perspectives-of-spanish-speaking-families
#18
Ashley Anttila, David I Rappaport, Johan Tijerino, Nusrat Zaman, Iman Sharif
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Limited-English-proficient (LEP) patients and families are at risk for worse hospital outcomes due to impaired communication. Family-centered rounds (FCR) have become the preferred format for information sharing among providers and families at pediatric institutions. However, there are limited data on FCR among LEP families, particularly regarding interpretation type. We sought to examine the relationships between interpretation type and FCR satisfaction and efficacy among Spanish-speaking families, the fastest growing LEP population in pediatric hospitals...
July 13, 2017: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699125/uptake-of-predictive-genetic-testing-and-cardiac-evaluation-for-children-at-risk-for-an-inherited-arrhythmia-or-cardiomyopathy
#19
Susan Christian, Joseph Atallah, Robin Clegg, Michael Giuffre, Cathleen Huculak, Tara Dzwiniel, Jillian Parboosingh, Sherryl Taylor, Martin Somerville
Predictive genetic testing in minors should be considered when clinical intervention is available. Children who carry a pathogenic variant for an inherited arrhythmia or cardiomyopathy require regular cardiac screening and may be prescribed medication and/or be told to modify their physical activity. Medical genetics and pediatric cardiology charts were reviewed to identify factors associated with uptake of genetic testing and cardiac evaluation for children at risk for long QT syndrome, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy or arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690941/a-simulation-based-quality-improvement-approach-to-improve-pediatric-resident-competency-with-required-procedures
#20
Michelle Starr, Taylor Sawyer, Maya Jones, Maneesh Batra, Heather McPhillips
INTRODUCTION: Pediatric residents report a lack of confidence and competence with procedural skills at graduation. Training programs could benefit from improved approaches to target these needs. Using the Institute for Healthcare Improvement (IHI) Model for Improvement and three Plan-Do-Study-Act (PDSA) cycles, we examined the impact of a procedure simulation boot camp on self-reported procedural confidence and competence as well as the longitudinal impacts of these sequential interventions on Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) Graduating Resident Survey (GRS) results...
June 3, 2017: Curēus
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