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María Del Carmen Suárez Cotelo, María Jesús Movilla-Fernández, Paula Pita-García, Silvia Novío
The Iowa Infant Feeding Attitude Scale (IIFAS) has been shown to have good psychometric properties for English-speaking populations, but it has not been validated among low-risk pregnant women in Spain. The aim of this study was to assess the reliability and validity of the translated version of the IIFAS in order to examine infant feeding attitudes in Spanish women with an uncomplicated pregnancy. Low-risk expectant women ( n = 297) were recruited from eight primary public health care centres in Galicia (Spain)...
April 22, 2018: Nutrients
Chuili Zeng, Xiaoqian Tang, Yang Du, Xiuzhen Sheng, Jing Xing, Wenbin Zhan
Intramuscular (i.m.) injection is one of the common delivery methods of vaccination in aquaculture, which could induce an ideal immune protection to fish. In the present study, the olive flounders (Paralichthys olivaceus) were injected intramuscularly with 200 μl of three concentrations of formalin-inactivated Edwardsiella tarda bacterin (107 , 108 , 109 CFU ml-1 ) to investigate the transportation and dynamic distribution of antigen uptake in tissues by absolute real-time quantitative PCR (qPCR). The amount of uptaken antigen increased firstly, and then decreased...
May 2018: Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology
Shahin Fakour, Salahedin Naserabadi, Elham Ahmadi
Background & objectives: Rift Valley fever (RVF) is a zoonotic vector-borne disease that primarily affects domestic animals but can also infect humans. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the presence of antibodies against RVF virus (RVFV) in ruminants, viz. cattle, sheep, and goats in Kurdistan Province of western Iran. Methods: Blood samples were collected from 288 ruminants (118 cattle, 142 sheep and 28 goats) of both sexes, under age groups ≤1, 1-3, 3-5 and ≥5 yr, from January 2016 to December 2016...
October 2017: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases
Nouf M AlKusayer, William K Midodzi, Leigh Anne Newhook, Lorraine Burrage, Nicole Gill, Beth Halfyard, Laurie K Twells
BACKGROUND: The 17-item Iowa Infant Feeding Attitude Scale (IIFAS) has been widely used to assess maternal attitudes toward infant feeding and to predict breastfeeding intention. The IIFAS has been validated among prenatal women located in Newfoundland and Labrador in Canada, although its length may prove challenging to complete in a clinical setting. Research aim: The authors aimed to reduce the number of items from the original 17-item IIFAS scale while maintaining reliability and validity...
February 2018: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
Pieter van der Pol, Liesbeth E Bakker-Jonges, Jac H S A M Kuijpers, Marco W J Schreurs
BACKGROUND: Detection of antinuclear antibodies (ANA) by indirect immunofluorescence assay (IIFA) is increasingly substituted by fully automated solid phase immunoassays. This study evaluated the performance of an automated chemiluminescence immunoassay (CIA) and fluorescence enzyme immunoassay (FEIA) and compared their performance to that of IIFA. METHODS: The study included an unselected prospective study population suspected of systemic autoimmune rheumatic disease...
January 2018: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
Almut Prkno, Donata Hoffmann, Daniela Goerigk, Matthias Kaiser, Anne Catherine Franscisca van Maanen, Kathrin Jeske, Maria Jenckel, Florian Pfaff, Thomas W Vahlenkamp, Martin Beer, Rainer G Ulrich, Alexander Starke, Martin Pfeffer
Four cowpox virus (CPXV) outbreaks occurred in unrelated alpaca herds in Eastern Germany during 2012-2017. All incidents were initially noticed due to severe, generalized, and finally lethal CPXV infections, which were confirmed by testing of tissue and serum samples. As CPXV-infection has been described in South American camelids (SACs) only three times, all four herds were investigated to gain a deeper understanding of CPXV epidemiology in alpacas. The different herds were investigated twice, and various samples (serum, swab samples, and crusts of suspicious pox lesions, feces) were taken to identify additionally infected animals...
November 18, 2017: Viruses
Bárbara Tideman Sartorio, Kelly Pereira Coca, Karla Oliveira Marcacine, Érika de Sá Vieira Abuchaim, Ana Cristina Freitas de Vilhena Abrão
Objectives: To identify breastfeeding assessment tools, their application in clinical practice, and their validation and cross-cultural adaptation. Method: This is an integrative review of literature obtained from six databases and an online library, conducted from August 2014 to December 2015, without a temporal delimitation. Results: We identified 19 assessment tools, of which 12 were validated and five were cross-culturally adapted. In terms of adaptation, the tools were used to assess the risk of early weaning (BAPT) and the perception/behaviour of mothers during nursing (BSES-SF and IIFAS)...
April 20, 2017: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
Biao He, Xiaohong Huang, Fuqiang Zhang, Weilong Tan, Jelle Matthijnssens, Shaomin Qin, Lin Xu, Zihan Zhao, Ling'en Yang, Quanxi Wang, Tingsong Hu, Xiaolei Bao, Jianmin Wu, Changchun Tu
Bats are natural reservoirs for many pathogenic viruses, and increasing evidence supports the notion that bats can also harbor group A rotaviruses (RVAs), important causative agents of diarrhea in children and young animals. Currently, 8 RVA strains possessing completely novel genotype constellations or genotypes possibly originating from other mammals have been identified from African and Chinese bats. However, all the data were mainly based on detection of RVA RNA, present only during acute infections, which does not permit assessment of the true exposure of a bat population to RVA...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Virology
Marco Di Tola, Mariacatia Marino, Rossella Casale, Raffaele Borghini, Antonio Tiberti, Giuseppe Donato, Umberto Occhiuzzi, Antonio Picarelli
BACKGROUND: Anti-tissue transglutaminase (anti-tTG) and endomysium antibodies (EMA) are detectable in duodenal culture media of celiac disease (CD) patients. To improve the management of this organ culture system, we evaluated the anti-tTG occurrence by immunochromatographic assay (ICA). METHODS: A total of 103 CD patients and 41 disease controls underwent duodenal biopsy for the organ culture. In culture supernatants, IgA anti-tTG were tested by both enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and ICA, IgA EMA were searched by indirect immunofluorescence analysis (iIFA)...
January 2018: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
Brianna M Magnusson, Callie R Thackeray, Sarah A Van Wagenen, Siena F Davis, Rickelle Richards, Ray M Merrill
BACKGROUND: Men's attitudes toward public breastfeeding may influence a woman's decisions about breastfeeding and her perceived comfort with public breastfeeding. Research aim: This study aimed to evaluate factors associated with men's visual perception of images of public breastfeeding. METHODS: A 95-item online survey was administered to 502 U.S. men ages 21 to 44. Respondents were presented with four images of women breastfeeding and asked to evaluate agreement with 15 adjectives describing each image...
February 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
Elizabeth Froh, Katherine Dahlmeier, Diane L Spatz
BACKGROUND: The provision of human milk and breastfeeding is essential in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) population. However, recent national research has demonstrated very low percentages of NICU nurses providing lactation-based support and care to patients and families, and less than half of all NICUs have an International Board Certified Lactation Consultant (IBCLC) on staff. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to describe how NICU bedside nurses are providing lactation-based support and care during their shifts and the frequency of that support...
June 2017: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
Rosa Tomás-Almarcha, Antonio Oliver-Roig, Miguel Richart-Martinez
OBJECTIVE: To translate the Iowa Infant Feeding Scale (IIFAS) into Spanish, to test its psychometric properties, and to explore item reduction for the Spanish version. DESIGN: Instrumental study. SETTING: Six hospitals in eastern Spain. PARTICIPANTS: A convenience sample of 1,354 pregnant women was recruited. METHODS: The IIFAS was translated using forward and back translation. Dimensional structure, internal consistency, and construct validity of the Spanish IIFAS version were assessed...
September 2016: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
Poreddi Vijayalakshmi, T Susheela, D Mythili
BACKGROUND: Breast feeding has several benefits for both the infants and mothers. However, despite strong evidences in support of breast feeding its prevalence has remained low worldwide. The objective of the present study was to examine the knowledge and attitude towards breast feeding and infant feeding practices among Indian postnatal mothers. METHODOLOGY: A cross sectional descriptive study was carried out among randomly selected postnatal mothers at Pediatric outpatient department at a tertiary care center...
October 2015: International Journal of Health Sciences
Xiuzhen Sheng, Ronghua Wu, Xiaoqian Tang, Jing Xing, Wenbin Zhan
The 27.8 kDa membrane protein expressed in flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus) gill cells was proved to be a receptor mediating lymphocystis disease virus (LCDV) infection. In this study, SDS-PAGE and Western blotting demonstrated that 27.8 kDa receptor (27.8R) was shared by flounder and turbot (Scophthalmus maximus). Indirect immunofluorescence assay (IIFA) and immunohistochemistry showed that 27.8R was widely expressed in tested tissues of healthy turbot. The indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay indicated that 27...
2015: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Javath Hussain Arifunhera, Rangan Srinivasaraghavan, Siddharth Sarkar, Shivanand Kattimani, Bethou Adhisivam, B Vishnu Bhat
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association of maternal anxiety with nonadherence to exclusive breastfeeding. METHODS: This questionnaire-based study was conducted at a tertiary care teaching hospital in South India mothers with infants less than 6 months of age and not exclusively breastfeeding were interviewed and their demographic and clinical details were noted. The Iowa Infant Feeding Attitude Scale (IIFAS) and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) were administered to these mothers...
September 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Kylee N Cox, Roslyn C Giglia, Colin W Binns
BACKGROUND: Breast milk is the optimal source of nutrition for infants in the first six months of life. Promoting and protecting breastfeeding is reflected in public health policy across the globe, but breastfeeding rates in both developing and industrialised countries continue to demonstrate that few mothers meet these recommendations. In addition to sociodemographic factors such as age, education and income, modifiable factors such as maternal infant feeding attitudes have been shown to influence breastfeeding duration...
2015: International Breastfeeding Journal
Ying Lau, Tha Pyai Htun, Peng Im Lim, Sarah Su Tin Ho-Lim, Piyanee Klainin-Yobas
BACKGROUND: The Iowa Infant Feeding Attitude Scale (IIFAS) was developed to measure maternal attitudes toward infant feeding, but a number of validated studies on the IIFAS found that it was subject to methodological limitations. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the IIFAS among a multiethnic population in Singapore. METHODS: A cross-sectional research design was used on a sample of 417 antenatal women...
May 2016: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
Lama Charafeddine, Hani Tamim, Marwa Soubra, Arlene de la Mora, Mona Nabulsi
BACKGROUND: There is need in the Arab world for validated instruments that can reliably assess infant feeding attitudes among women. The 17-item Iowa Infant Feeding Attitude Scale (IIFAS) has consistently shown good reliability and validity in different cultures and the ability to predict breastfeeding intention and exclusivity. OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the psychometric properties of the Arabic version of the IIFAS (IIFAS-A). METHODS: After translating to classical Arabic and back-translating to English, the IIFAS-A was pilot tested among 20 women for comprehension, clarity, length, and cultural appropriateness...
May 2016: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
Jian-dong Li, Quan-fu Zhang, Shuo Zhang, Chuan Li, Qin-zhi Liu, Mi-fang Liang, De-xin Li
To establish a MacELISA method for the detection of IgM antibodies against Chikungunya virus (CHIKV), we prepared virus like particle (VLP) antigens of CHIKV using the whole structural protein C-E3-E2-6K-E1 encoding gene with a baculovirus expression system in Sf9 insect cells. The VLPs were purified and used to immunize Kunming mice. Then, polyclonal antibodies were purified from the samples of ascites with a protein G HiTrap SP column and labeled with horseradish peroxidase. A MacELISA method for the detection of IgM antibodies against CHIKV was assembled with goat anti-human IgM antibody, VLP antigens and an enzyme-labeled polyclonal antibody...
November 2014: Bing du Xue Bao, Chinese Journal of Virology
Sarah A Van Wagenen, Brianna M Magnusson, Brad L Neiger
Lack of familial support, particularly from fathers or partners, has been identified by the U.S. Surgeon General as a barrier to breastfeeding. Although partners have been identified as an important source of breastfeeding support, research on U.S. men's knowledge about and attitudes towards breastfeeding is limited. An internet panel survey of 502 U.S. males aged 21-44 years was conducted. It included the 17-item Iowa Infant Feeding Attitude Scale (IIFAS), a series of questions assessing prior exposure to breastfeeding and demographic questions...
September 2015: Maternal and Child Health Journal
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