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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665122/impact-of-untreated-dental-caries-on-the-quality-of-life-of-brazilian-children-population-based-study
#1
Sâmara Luciana de Andrade Lima, Caroline Chavier Pereira Santana, Marco Aurélio Benini Paschoal, Saul Martins Paiva, Meire Coelho Ferreira
BACKGROUND: The assessment of oral health should consider clinical and biopsychosocial aspects. AIM: To evaluate the impact of untreated dental caries on the quality of life of children. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 647 Brazilian children. The Child Perceptions Questionnaire (CPQ8-10 ) and the 'oral health' global indicator were administered to the children and used as the outcomes. Parents answered a general questionnaire, and oral clinical examinations were performed...
April 17, 2018: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661939/sexual-orientation-and-depressive-symptoms-in-adolescents
#2
Jeremy W Luk, Stephen E Gilman, Denise L Haynie, Bruce G Simons-Morton
OBJECTIVES: Sexual orientation disparities in adolescent depressive symptoms are well established, but reasons for these disparities are less well understood. We modeled sexual orientation disparities in depressive symptoms from late adolescence into young adulthood and evaluated family satisfaction, peer support, cyberbullying victimization, and unmet medical needs as potential mediators. METHODS: Data were from waves 2 to 6 of the NEXT Generation Health Study ( n = 2396), a population-based cohort of US adolescents...
April 16, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661500/severity-of-eczema-and-mental-health-problems-in-japanese-schoolchildren-the-tommo-child-health-study
#3
Yasutaka Kuniyoshi, Masahiro Kikuya, Masako Miyashita, Chizuru Yamanaka, Mami Ishikuro, Taku Obara, Hirohito Metoki, Naoki Nakaya, Fuji Nagami, Hiroaki Tomita, Atsushi Hozawa, Ichiro Tsuji, Shigeo Kure, Nobuo Yaegashi, Masayuki Yamamoto, Shinichi Kuriyama
BACKGROUND: The association between eczema and mental health problems in schoolchildren has been underexplored. We aimed to investigate this association with the validated questionnaires. METHODS: Of 46,648 invited children, we analyzed 9954 (21.3%) in the 2nd to the 8th grades from the ToMMo Child Health Study conducted in 2014 and 2015, a cross-sectional survey in Miyagi Prefecture, Japan. We defined eczema status as "normal," "mild/moderate," or "severe," based on the presence of persistent flexural eczema and sleep disturbance, according to the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) Eczema Symptom Questionnaire...
April 13, 2018: Allergology International: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Allergology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656273/the-feasibility-and-concurrent-validity-of-performing-the-movement-assessment-battery-for-children-2nd-edition-via-telerehabilitation-technology
#4
Kristy Nicola, Jemimah Waugh, Emily Charles, Trevor Russell
BACKGROUND: In rural and remote communities children with motor difficulties have less access to rehabilitation services. Telerehabilitation technology is a potential method to overcome barriers restricting access to healthcare in these areas. Assessment is necessary to guide clinical reasoning; however it is unclear which paediatric assessments can be administered remotely. The Movement Assessment Battery for Children - 2nd Edition is commonly used by various health professionals to assess motor performance of children...
April 12, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655581/paternal-understanding-of-menstrual-concerns-in-young-women
#5
Jane E Girling, Samuel Cj Hawthorne, Jennifer L Marino, Abdul G Nur Azurah, Sonia R Grover, Yasmin L Jayasinghe
STUDY OBJECTIVE: No studies have specifically considered paternal understanding of menstruation. This study aimed to establish the degree of understanding of fathers of adolescent girls with menstrual symptoms relative to mothers. DESIGN AND SETTING: This is a cross-sectional survey-based study. Adolescent patients attending an outpatient gynaecology clinic for dysmenorrhoea and/or heavy menstrual bleeding (HMB) and their parents were invited to complete surveys...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652614/a-web-based-review-of-sexual-and-reproductive-health-services-available-at-colleges-and-universities-in-georgia
#6
Katherine F Cushing, Anna E Carson, Tyiesha D Short, Stefanie N Kot, Merete Tschokert, Jessica M Sales
OBJECTIVE: Although two-thirds of graduating high school seniors attend college or university in the U.S., there is a paucity of national or state specific research regarding SRH services available on or near college and university campuses. METHODS: A review of websites for all colleges and universities in Georgia was conducted to evaluate sexual health services available on campuses and evidence of referral to community providers. RESULTS: Of 96 colleges in Georgia, 44░had campus-located health centers, with only 3 at two-year colleges...
April 13, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652611/an-assisted-living-interprofessional-education-and-practice-geriatric-screening-clinic-ipep-gsc-a-description-and-evaluation
#7
Jeannie Lee, Hannah Cioltan, Patty Goldsmith, Beverly Heasley, Marlene Dermody, Mindy Fain, Jane Mohler
As the U.S. population ages and lives longer, we need to assure that future providers are prepared to work in highly functioning interprofessional teams to deliver person-centered care for older adults with complex chronic conditions. Assisted living facilities are ideal venues in which to train interprofessional health sciences students in providing such care. After monthly clinics involving interprofessional students (from the colleges of medicine, nursing, pharmacy, public health, and school of social work) providing team-based care to older adults, students' post-clinic evaluations indicated perceived improvements in knowledge, attitudes, and perceptions about aging and care of older adults...
April 13, 2018: Gerontology & Geriatrics Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650310/electronic-health-record-with-computerized-decision-support-tools-for-the-purposes-of-a-pediatric-cardiovascular-heart-disease-screening-program-in-crete
#8
Ilias Chatzakis, Kostas Vassilakis, Christos Lionis, Ioannis Germanakis
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Early detection of cardiovascular (CV) disease or associated risk factors during childhood is of paramount importance, allowing for early treatment or lifestyle modifications, respectively. The objective of this study was to describe the development of an electronic health record (EHR), with integrated computerized decision support system (CDSS), specifically designed for supporting the needs of a pilot pediatric CV disease screening program applied on primary school students of a Mediterranean island...
June 2018: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626629/the-burden-of-allergic-rhinitis-and-allergic-rhinoconjunctivitis-on-adolescents-a-literature-review
#9
REVIEW
Michael S Blaiss, Eva Hammerby, Susan Robinson, Tessa Kennedy-Martin, Sarah Buchs
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the literature regarding the burden of allergic rhinitis (AR) and allergic rhinoconjunctivitis (ARC) in adolescents (10-19 years). DATA SOURCES: Searches were performed in MEDLINE, Embase, Health Technology Assessment Database, and National Health Service Economic Evaluation Database for studies evaluating concepts of symptoms, quality of life (QOL), daily activities, sleep, examination performance, school absenteeism and presenteeism, and treatment burden in adolescents with AR or ARC...
April 4, 2018: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618369/clinical-characteristics-of-headache-in-italian-adolescents-aged-11-16-years-a-cross-sectional-questionnaire-school-based-study
#10
Thomas Foiadelli, Alessandra Piccorossi, Lucia Sacchi, Mara De Amici, Maurizio Tucci, Ilaria Brambilla, Gian Luigi Marseglia, Salvatore Savasta, Alberto Verrotti
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine headache characteristics, impact on daily activities and medication attitudes among a large sample of adolescents in Italy. METHODS: Secondary school classes were randomly selected from a national stratified multistage sampling. Data regarding socio-familial factors, headache characteristics, impact on daily activities and medication use were recorded with an anonymous multiple-choice questionnaire. RESULTS: The survey involved 2064 adolescents...
April 4, 2018: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615090/adolescent-mental-health-education-inscied-out-a-case-study-of-an-alternative-middle-school-population
#11
Joanna Yang, Roberto Lopez Cervera, Susannah J Tye, Stephen C Ekker, Chris Pierret
BACKGROUND: Mental illness contributes substantially to global disease burden, particularly when illness onset occurs during youth and help-seeking is delayed and/or limited. Yet, few mental health promotion interventions target youth, particularly those with or at high risk of developing mental illness ("at-risk" youth). Community-based translational research has the capacity to identify and intervene upon barriers to positive health outcomes. This is especially important for integrated care in at-risk youth populations...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610109/improvement-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-symptoms-in-school-aged-children-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-autism-via-a-digital-smartglasses-based-socioemotional-coaching-aid-short-term-uncontrolled-pilot-study
#12
Arshya Vahabzadeh, Neha U Keshav, Joseph P Salisbury, Ned T Sahin
BACKGROUND: People with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) commonly experience symptoms related to attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), including hyperactivity, inattention, and impulsivity. One-third of ASD cases may be complicated by the presence of ADHD. Individuals with dual diagnoses face greater barriers to accessing treatment for ADHD and respond less positively to primary pharmacologic interventions. Nonpharmacologic technology-aided tools for hyperactivity and inattention in people with ASD are being developed, although research into their efficacy and safety remains limited...
March 24, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608595/factors-associated-with-sexual-and-reproductive-health-stigma-among-adolescent-girls-in-ghana
#13
Kelli Stidham Hall, Emmanuel Morhe, Abubakar Manu, Lisa H Harris, Elizabeth Ela, Dana Loll, Giselle Kolenic, Jessica L Dozier, Sneha Challa, Melissa K Zochowski, Andrew Boakye, Richard Adanu, Vanessa K Dalton
OBJECTIVE: Using our previously developed and tested Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health (SRH) Stigma Scale, we investigated factors associated with perceived SRH stigma among adolescent girls in Ghana. METHODS: We drew upon data from our survey study of 1,063 females 15-24yrs recruited from community- and clinic-based sites in two Ghanaian cities. Our Adolescent SRH Stigma Scale comprised 20 items and 3 sub-scales (Internalized, Enacted, Lay Attitudes) to measure stigma occurring with sexual activity, contraceptive use, pregnancy, abortion and family planning service use...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606653/a-national-survey-of-u-s-dental-students-experiences-with-international-service-trips
#14
R Frederick Lambert, Chloe A Wong, Karl F Woodmansey, Brianna Rowland, Steven O Horne, Brittany Seymour
Globalization, along with the increasing prevalence of non-communicable diseases, their risk factors, and poor oral health, demands global approaches to oral health care. Trained health care workers' providing volunteer services abroad is one model used for improving access to dental services for some communities. Currently, little is known about U.S. dental student involvement in international clinical service volunteerism. The aim of this exploratory study was to capture national survey data from predoctoral dental students about their interest in and experience with global health service trips...
April 2018: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606650/clinical-dental-faculty-members-perceptions-of-diagnostic-errors-and-how-to-avoid-them
#15
Cathy Nikdel, Kian Nikdel, Ana Ibarra-Noriega, Elsbeth Kalenderian, Muhammad F Walji
Diagnostic errors are increasingly recognized as a source of preventable harm in medicine, yet little is known about their occurrence in dentistry. The aim of this study was to gain a deeper understanding of clinical dental faculty members' perceptions of diagnostic errors, types of errors that may occur, and possible contributing factors. The authors conducted semi-structured interviews with ten domain experts at one U.S. dental school in May-August 2016 about their perceptions of diagnostic errors and their causes...
April 2018: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606073/acceptability-of-psychosis-screening-and-factors-affecting-its-implementation-interviews-with-community-health-care-providers
#16
Mark Savill, Haley V Skymba, J Daniel Ragland, Tara Niendam, Rachel L Loewy, Tyler A Lesh, Cameron Carter, Howard H Goldman
OBJECTIVE: Although screening for psychosis may reduce the duration of untreated psychosis, the barriers and facilitators associated with implementing such a procedure in various care settings have not been explored. METHODS: Investigators conducted in-depth, semistructured interviews with 17 members of school counseling services or community mental health staff at sites that administer a psychosis screening tool. Using an inductive approach to thematic analysis, they evaluated the acceptability of psychosis screening and barriers to and facilitators of implementation...
April 2, 2018: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595869/implementing-carrier-screening-for-cystic-fibrosis-outside-the-clinic-ethical-analysis-in-the-light-of-the-personalist-view
#17
M L Di Pietro, A A Teleman, F J Gonzalez-Melado, D Zace, F R Di Raimo, V Lucidi, P Refolo
BACKGROUND: Cystic Fibrosis (CF) is an autosomal recessive genetic disease. Two models for screening CF are normally used: newborn screening and population-based CF carrier screening. In turn, there are three main models of population-based CF carrier screening: prenatal carrier screening, preconception carrier screening, and carrier screening outside clinical settings. AIM: To evaluate, in the light of the personalist view, the use of carrier screenings for CF outside the clinic, i...
March 2018: La Clinica Terapeutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594951/obinutuzumab-with-bendamustine-for-treating-follicular-lymphoma-refractory-to-rituximab-an-evidence-review-group-perspective-of-a-nice-single-technology-appraisal
#18
REVIEW
Rachid Rafia, Abdullah Pandor, Sarah Davis, John W Stevens, Sue Harnan, Mark Clowes, Youssef Sorour, Robert Cutting
As part of its single technology appraisal process, the UK National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) invited the manufacturer of obinutuzumab (Roche) to submit evidence on its clinical and cost effectiveness when used in combination with bendamustine in patients with follicular lymphoma (FL) refractory to rituximab. The Evidence Review Group (ERG), the School of Health and Related Research Technology Appraisal Group at the University of Sheffield, produced a document summarising the key points from the company submission alongside a critical review...
March 28, 2018: PharmacoEconomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593658/economic-evaluation-of-primrose-a-trial-based-analysis-of-an-early-childhood-intervention-to-prevent-obesity
#19
Nora Döring, Niklas Zethraeus, Per Tynelius, Jeroen de Munter, Diana Sonntag, Finn Rasmussen
Background: Childhood obesity is a major clinical and economic health concern. Alongside the clinical understanding of obesity, there is a growing interest in designing and implementing interventions that are worth their money given the scarce resources in the health care sector. This study is one of the first efforts to provide evidence by assessing the effects and costs of a population-based primary prevention intervention targeting pre-school children attending child health centers in Sweden...
2018: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584783/regional-outcome-evaluation-program-p-re-val-e-reduction-of-inequality-in-access-to-effective-health-care-in-the-lazio-region-of-italy-2012-2015
#20
Martina Ventura, Danilo Fusco, Katia Bontempi, Paola Colais, Marina Davoli
BACKGROUND: Inequalities in health among groups of various socio-economic status (as measured by education, occupation, and income) constitute one of the main challenges for public health. Since 2006, the Lazio Regional Outcome Evaluation Program (P.Re.Val.E.), presents a set of indicators of hospital performance based on quality standards driven by strong clinical recommendations, and measures the variation in the access to effective health care for different population groups and providers in the Lazio Region...
2018: PloS One
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