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School based health clinics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033006/relative-age-within-the-school-year-and-diagnosis-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#1
Kapil Sayal, Roshan Chudal, Susanna Hinkka-Yli-Salomäki, Petteri Joelsson, Andre Sourander
BACKGROUND: Findings are mixed on the relationship between attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and younger relative age in the school year. We aimed to investigate whether relative age is associated with ADHD diagnosis in a country where prescribing rates are low and whether any such association has changed over time or relates to comorbid disorders (eg, conduct disorder [CD], oppositional defiant disorder [ODD], or learning disorder [LD]). METHODS: We used nationwide population-based registers to identify all Finnish children born between Jan 1, 1991, and Dec 31, 2004, who were diagnosed with ADHD from age 7 years onwards (age of starting school)...
October 9, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026060/unmet-needs-in-health-training-among-nurses-in-rural-chinese-township-health-centers-a-cross-sectional-hospital-based-study
#2
Yan Mo, Guijie Hu, Yanhua Yi, Yanping Ying, Huiqiao Huang, Zhongxian Huang, Jiafeng Lin
Purpose: Maintaining a sufficient and competent rural nursing workforce is important in Chinese health delivery system. However, few studies have involved in the health training status and needs assessment of rural Chinese nurses in great transformations of health policy. This study is to explore the current health training status and to ascertain needs perceived by nurses working in rural Chinese township health centers (THCs). Methods: A cross-sectional survey using a self-administered structured questionnaire was conducted to 240 THC nurses in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous region, China from March 2014 to August 2014...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025363/identification-of-core-objectives-for-teaching-sustainable-healthcare-education
#3
Arianne Teherani, Holly Nishimura, Latifat Apatira, Thomas Newman, Susan Ryan
BACKGROUND: Physicians will be called upon to care for patients who bear the burden of disease from the impact of climate change and ecologically irresponsible practices which harm ecosystems and contribute to climate change. However, physicians must recognize the connection between the climate, ecosystems, sustainability, and health and their responsibility and capacity in changing the status quo. Sustainable healthcare education (SHE), defined as education about the impact of climate change and ecosystem alterations on health and the impact of the healthcare industry on the aforementioned, is vital to prevention of adverse health outcomes due to the changing climate and environment...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025302/medical-student-healthcare-consulting-groups-a-novel-way-to-train-the-next-generation-of-physician-executives
#4
Esther Y Hsiang, Andrew G Breithaupt, Peiyi Su, Andrew T Rogers, Niv Milbar, Sanjay V Desai
Meeting the challenges of the evolving healthcare environment requires leadership of physicians well-trained in clinical medicine and healthcare management. However, many physicians lack training in business and leadership. While some residency programs have management tracks, training at the medical school level is currently lacking. We developed the Hopkins Health Management Advisory Group, an extracurricular program at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine that exposes medical students to healthcare management and fosters development of leadership skills...
October 12, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019418/texting-motivational-interviewing-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-motivational-interviewing-text-messages-designed-to-augment-childhood-obesity-treatment
#5
Sarah Armstrong, Alan Mendelsohn, Gary Bennett, Elsie Taveras, Amanda Kimberg, Alex R Kemper
BACKGROUND: Text messages improve health outcomes for adults engaged in weight management. Little is known about whether text messaging parents of children enrolled in obesity treatment will improve child health. METHODS: We conducted a 2-group randomized controlled study among 101 children aged 5-12 and their parent/guardian enrolling in tertiary-care obesity treatment. Participants were randomized to standard care or standard care plus daily motivational interviewing-based text messages...
October 11, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992203/music-therapy-practice-status-and-trends-worldwide-an-international-survey-study
#6
Petra Kern, Daniel B Tague
Background: The field of music therapy is growing worldwide. While there is a wealth of country-specific information available, only a few have databased workforce censuses. Currently, little to no descriptive data exists about the global development of the profession. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to obtain descriptive data about current demographics, practice status, and clinical trends to inform worldwide advocacy efforts, training needs, and the sustainable development of the field...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Music Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990151/burnout-and-stress-amongst-interns-in-irish-hospitals-contributing-factors-and-potential-solutions
#7
E Hannan, N Breslin, E Doherty, M McGreal, D Moneley, G Offiah
BACKGROUND: The transition from medical school to internship can be daunting for newly qualified doctors. High rates of stress and burnout have been reported, with negative impacts on patient care and physician wellbeing. AIMS: We surveyed interns in our hospital group to evaluate rates of stress and burnout, as well as identify the causative factors and propose potential solutions to these. METHODS: A hundred and one interns working in four different hospitals over a 2-year period were invited to participate in an anonymous survey...
October 9, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988700/differences-in-adverse-event-reporting-rates-of-therapeutic-failure-between-two-once-daily-extended-release-methylphenidate-medications-in-canada-analysis-of-spontaneous-adverse-event-reporting-databases
#8
Laura Park-Wyllie, Judy van Stralen, Genaro Castillon, Stephen E Sherman, Doron Almagor
PURPOSE: Our study evaluated adverse events of therapeutic failure (and specifically reduced duration of action) with the use of a branded product, Osmotic Release Oral System (OROS) methylphenidate, which is approved for the treatment of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder, and a generic product (methylphenidate, methylphenidate ER-C), which was approved for marketing in Canada based on bioequivalence to OROS methylphenidate. This study was initiated following reports that some US-marketed generic methylphenidate ER products had substantially higher reporting rates of therapeutic failure than did the referenced brands...
October 5, 2017: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987077/remission-of-schizoaffective-disorder-using-homeopathic-medicine-2-case-reports
#9
Diane E Grise, Tara Peyman, Jeffrey Langland
Context • Research on the schizophrenia spectrum is primarily focused on pharmaceutical interventions, although alternative treatments have been gaining increasing popularity in recent years because patients are seeking treatments that are effective and have reduced side effects. A significant body of evidence already exists supporting the effectiveness of homeopathy to treat a wide array of illnesses. Objective • The research team intended to demonstrate the need for using both alternative and conventional treatments to improve clinical outcomes in the treatment of schizoaffective disorder...
October 2, 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986035/estimating-the-full-public-health-value-of-vaccination
#10
Bradford D Gessner, David Kaslow, Jacques Louis, Kathleen Neuzil, Katherine L O'Brien, Valentina Picot, Tikki Pang, Umesh D Parashar, Mitra Saadatian-Elahi, Christopher B Nelson
There is an enhanced focus on considering the full public health value (FPHV) of vaccination when setting priorities, making regulatory decisions and establishing implementation policy for public health activities. Historically, a therapeutic paradigm has been applied to the evaluation of prophylactic vaccines and focuses on an individual benefit-risk assessment in prospective and individually-randomized phase III trials to assess safety and efficacy against etiologically-confirmed clinical outcomes. By contrast, a public health paradigm considers the population impact and encompasses measures of community benefits against a range of outcomes...
October 3, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984830/child-community-mental-health-services-in-asia-pacific-and-singapore-s-reach-model
#11
Choon Guan Lim, Hannah Loh, Vidhya Renjan, Jason Tan, Daniel Fung
In recent decades, there have been concerted efforts to improve mental health services for youths alongside the challenges of rising healthcare costs and increasing demand for mental health needs. One important phenomenon is the shift from traditional clinic-based care to community-based mental health services to improve accessibility to services and provide patient-centred care. In this article, we discuss the child and adolescent community mental health efforts within the Asia-Pacific region. We also discuss Singapore's community and school-based mental health service, known as the Response, Early Intervention and Assessment in Community Mental Health (REACH)...
October 6, 2017: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983782/electronic-cigarettes-their-constituents-and-potential-links-to-asthma
#12
REVIEW
Phillip W Clapp, Ilona Jaspers
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Vaping is gaining popularity in the USA, particularly among teens and young adults. While e-cigs are commonly represented as safer alternatives to tobacco cigarettes, little is known regarding the health effects of their short- or long-term use, especially in individuals with pre-existing respiratory diseases such as asthma. Flavored e-cig liquids (e-liquids) and e-cig aerosols contain airway irritants and toxicants that have been implicated in the pathogenesis and worsening of lung diseases...
October 5, 2017: Current Allergy and Asthma Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981662/the-amagugu-intervention-a-qualitative-investigation-into-maternal-experiences-and-perspectives-of-a-maternal-hiv-disclosure-support-intervention-in-rural-south-africa
#13
Ntombizodumo B Mkwanazi, Tamsen J Rochat, Ruth M Bland
The World Health Organization recommends disclosure of parental HIV to children aged 6-12 years. The maternal HIV-disclosure intervention (Amagugu), a lay counsellor-led, home-based intervention with six sessions, was implemented. The intervention included provision of disclosure tools, training and support for mothers, a family session and health promotion clinic visit for mothers and children. Amagugu demonstrated success as a maternal disclosure support programme but less is known about the experiences of participants...
November 1, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979739/epilepsy-as-a-health-problem-among-school-children-in-turaif-northern-saudi-arabia-2017
#14
Mahmoud Mohammed Alsharif, Nagah Mohamed Abo El-Fetoh, Gihan Yousef Ali, Khulud Falah Alanazi, Anfal Nayir Alanazi, Ohud FalahAlanazi, Maha Hazzaa Alshalan, Zuhur Dhaher Alfuhigi, Anwar Eid Alruwaili, Reem Sebeh Alhazmi, Ajaweed Saud Muharrab Alruwaili, Tariq Mozil Aquab Alanizy, Jazzaa Hammad Alshammari, Alwaleed Oqab Altimyat, Muharib Mana Muhaylan Alshammari
BACKGROUND: Epilepsy is the most common serious neurological disorder and is one of the world's most prevalent non-communicable diseases. There are no recently published data on the prevalence of epilepsy in school children in Northern Saudi Arabia. OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of epilepsy and to show some of its risk factors in school children and adolescents (6-18 years) in Turaif city, Northern Saudi Arabia. METHODS: This, population-based, cross-sectional study was conducted in Turaif city, over a 6-month period, from July 2016 to January 2017...
August 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978975/childhood-obesity-prevention-through-a-community-based-cluster-randomized-controlled-physical-activity-intervention-among-schools-in-china-the-health-legacy-project-of-the-2nd-world-summer-youth-olympic-games-yog-obesity-study
#15
Z Wang, F Xu, Q Ye, L A Tse, H Xue, Z Tan, E Leslie, N Owen, Y Wang
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity has been becoming a worldwide public health problem. We conducted a community-based physical activity (PA) intervention program aiming at childhood obesity prevention in general student population in Nanjing of China, the host city of the 2nd World Summer Youth Olympic Games (YOG-Obesity study). METHODS: This was a cluster randomized controlled intervention study. Participants were the 4th (Mean age±s.e.: 9.0±0.01) and 7th (Mean age±s...
October 5, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959765/computer-based-oral-hygiene-instruction-versus-verbal-method-in-fixed-orthodontic-patients
#16
V Moshkelgosha, Sh Mehrvarz, M Saki, A Golkari
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Fixed orthodontic appliances in the oral cavity make tooth cleaning procedures more complicated. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to compare the efficacy of computerized oral hygiene instruction with verbal technique among fixed orthodontic patients referred to the evening clinic of Orthodontics of Shiraz Dental School. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A single-blind study was performed in Orthodontic Department of Shiraz, Islamic Republic of Iran, from January to May 2015 following the demonstrated exclusion and inclusion criteria...
March 2017: J Dent Biomater
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956683/investigating-student-perceptions-at-an-interprofessional-student-run-free-clinic-serving-marginalised-populations
#17
Tina Hu, Kelly Anne Cox, Joyce Nyhof-Young
Many health profession schools have student-run free clinics (SRFCs), but their educational relevance has not been well studied. The aim of this study was to evaluate the learning experiences and skills developed among interprofessional healthcare students at an SRFC serving marginalised populations, in order to provide data for ongoing programme improvement and recommendations for other SRFCs based on lessons learned. Under 1:1 supervision with a preceptor, interprofessional students completed three clinical shifts at an SRFC and attended a reflection session...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956292/caries-prevalence-and-distribution-in-individuals-aged-3-20%C3%A2-years-in-j%C3%A3-nk%C3%A3-ping-sweden-trends-over-40%C3%A2-years
#18
G Koch, A N Helkimo, C Ullbro
AIM: To present and analyse changes in caries prevalence and caries distribution in child population sample groups in the city of Jönköping, Sweden, based on investigations performed in 1973, 1978, 1983, 1993, 2003, and 2013. METHODS: At each investigation, the study population included about 500 randomly sampled individuals, divided into age groups of 3, 5, 10, 15, and 20 years. The oral health status of all individuals was clinically and radiographically examined by trained paediatric dentists...
September 27, 2017: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955414/clinic-outcomes-of-the-pathway-to-care-model-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-adolescent-depression-in-malawi
#19
Stanley Kutcher, Michael Udedi, Heather Gilberds, Adena Brown, Rex Chapota, Kevin Perkins
BACKGROUND: Depression is one of the leading contributors to the global burden of disease and often has an onset during adolescence. While effective treatments are available, many low-income countries, such as Malawi, lack appropriately trained health providers in community health settings, and this limits access to effective mental healthcare for young people with depression. To address this need, a Canadian-developed youth depression Pathway to Care Model, linking school-based mental health literacy interventions to training of community healthcare providers, was adapted for use in Malawi and successfully applied...
June 2017: Malawi Medical Journal: the Journal of Medical Association of Malawi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953569/description-and-early-outcomes-of-a-comprehensive-curriculum-redesign-at-the-northwestern-university-feinberg-school-of-medicine
#20
Heather L Heiman, Celia L O'Brien, Raymond H Curry, Marianne M Green, James F Baker, Robert F Kushner, John X Thomas, Thomas C Corbridge, Julia F Corcoran, Joshua M Hauser, Patricia M Garcia
In 2012, the Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine launched a redesigned curriculum addressing the four primary recommendations in the 2010 Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching report on reforming medical education. This new curriculum provides a more standardized evaluation of students' competency achievement through a robust portfolio review process coupled with standard evaluations of medical knowledge and clinical skills. It individualizes learning processes through curriculum flexibility, enabling students to take electives earlier and complete clerkships in their preferred order...
September 26, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
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