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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099580/risk-factors-hyposalivation-and-impact-of-xerostomia-on-oral-health-related-quality-of-life
#1
Sven Niklander, Laura Veas, Cristina Barrera, Flavio Fuentes, Giuliana Chiappini, Maureen Marshall
To determine xerostomia-related frequency, factors, salivary flow rates and Oral Health-Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL) of patients attending the Universidad Andrés Bello Dental School Clinic, in the city of Viña del Mar, Chile. The study involved 566 patients assessed with xerostomia, based on a single standardized questionnaire. The severity and impact of xerostomia on OHRQoL was assessed using a visual analogue scale (VAS) and the short version of the Oral Health Impact Profile Questionnaire (OHIP-14sp), respectively...
January 16, 2017: Brazilian Oral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096742/collection-based-analysis-of-selected-medical-libraries-in-the-philippines-using-doody-s-core-titles
#2
Efren Torres
OBJECTIVES: This study assessed the book collection of five selected medical libraries in the Philippines, based on Doodys' Essential Purchase List for basic sciences and clinical medicine, to compare the match and non-match titles among libraries, to determine the strong and weak disciplines of each library, and to explore the factors that contributed to the percentage of match and non-match titles. METHOD: List checking was employed as the method of research. RESULTS: Among the medical libraries, De La Salle Health Sciences Institute and University of Santo Tomas had the highest percentage of match titles, whereas Ateneo School of Medicine and Public Health had the lowest percentage of match titles...
January 2017: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095706/translation-and-pilot-testing-of-a-measure-to-assess-hypertension-self-care-activities-among-hispanics
#3
Jan Warren-Findlow, Maren J Coffman, Celia A Karp
OBJECTIVE: Hispanics in the US have high rates of uncontrolled hypertension in comparison to non-Hispanic whites. This pilot study reports on the translation of a validated measure, the Hypertension Self-Care Activity Level Effects (H-SCALE), for use with Spanish speakers. The H-SCALE assesses Hispanics' adherence to lifestyle activities that contribute to primary and secondary risk reduction of high blood pressure. DESIGN: Cross-sectional data were collected from Hispanic primary care patients attending a free health clinic in Charlotte, NC...
January 17, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090099/first-year-pharmacy-students-views-on-their-chosen-professional-career
#4
Lezley-Anne Hanna, Fergal Askin, Maurice Hall
Objective. To investigate what factors influenced students to study pharmacy and determine in which sector they hoped to gain employment, both in the short and longer term. Methods. First-year pharmacy students (n=124) were invited to complete a paper-based, self-administered questionnaire consisting of 4 sections. Descriptive statistics and nonparametric tests were conducted. Results. One hundred (96.8% response rate) students completed the questionnaire (22.5% male; 77.5% female). Key influential factors for choosing pharmacy included: enjoyment of science at school, a desire to improve people's health and wellbeing, and to work in health care...
November 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087268/a-review-of-effective-youth-engagement-strategies-for-mental-health-and-substance-use-interventions
#5
REVIEW
Tom Dunne, Lisa Bishop, Susan Avery, Stephen Darcy
The majority of adult mental health and substance use (MH&SU) conditions emerge in adolescence. Prevention, diagnosis, and treatment programs targeting this age group have a unique opportunity to significantly impact the well-being of the future generation of adults. At the same time, youth are reluctant to seek treatment and have high rates of dropout from interventions. An emphasis on youth engagement in prevention and treatment interventions for MH&SU results in better health outcomes for those youth. This literature review was undertaken to evaluate opportunities to improve youth engagement in MH&SU programs...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077151/multi-strategic-intervention-to-enhance-implementation-of-healthy-canteen-policy-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#6
Luke Wolfenden, Nicole Nathan, Lisa M Janssen, John Wiggers, Kathryn Reilly, Tessa Delaney, Christopher M Williams, Colin Bell, Rebecca Wyse, Rachel Sutherland, Libby Campbell, Christophe Lecathelinais, Chris Oldmeadow, Megan Freund, Sze Lin Yoong
BACKGROUND: Internationally, governments have implemented school-based nutrition policies to restrict the availability of unhealthy foods from sale. The aim of the trial was to assess the effectiveness of a multi-strategic intervention to increase implementation of a state-wide healthy canteen policy. The impact of the intervention on the energy, total fat, and sodium of children's canteen purchases and on schools' canteen revenue was also assessed. METHODS: Australian primary schools with a canteen were randomised to receive a 12-14-month, multi-strategic intervention or to a no intervention control group...
January 11, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074382/engaging-hmong-adults-in-genomic%C3%A2-and%C3%A2-pharmacogenomic-research-toward-reducing-health-disparities-in-genomic-knowledge-using-a-community-based-participatory-research-approach
#7
Kathleen A Culhane-Pera, Robert J Straka, MaiKia Moua, Youssef Roman, Pachia Vue, Kang Xiaaj, May Xia Lo, Mai Lor
Advancing precision medicine relies in part on examining populations that may exhibit unique genetic variants that impact clinical outcomes. Failure to include diverse populations in genomic-based research represents a health disparity. We implemented a community-based participatory research (CBPR) process with the Hmong community in Minnesota, who were refugees from Laos, in order to assess the feasibility of conducting genomic and pharmacogenomic-based research for genetic variants that are relevant to the Hmong community...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Community Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069663/cybercycling-effects-on-classroom-behavior-in-children-with-behavioral-health-disorders-an-rct
#8
April Bowling, James Slavet, Daniel P Miller, Sebastien Haneuse, William Beardslee, Kirsten Davison
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Exercise is linked with improved cognition and behavior in children in clinical and experimental settings. This translational study examined if an aerobic cybercycling intervention integrated into physical education (PE) resulted in improvements in behavioral self-regulation and classroom functioning among children with mental health disabilities attending a therapeutic day school. METHODS: Using a 14-week crossover design, students (N = 103) were randomly assigned by classroom (k = 14) to receive the 7-week aerobic cybercycling PE curriculum during fall 2014 or spring 2015...
January 9, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062813/the-transition-of-primary-care-group-practices-to-next-generation-models-satisfaction-of-staff-clinicians-and-patients
#9
Therese Zink, John Kralewski, Bryan Dowd
INTRODUCTION: Restructuring primary care is essential to achieve the triple aim. This case study examines the human factors of extensive redesign on 2 midsized primary care clinics (clinics A and B) in the Midwest United States that are owned by a large health care system. The transition occurred when while the principles for patient-centered medical home were being rolled out nationally, and before the Affordable Care Act. METHODS: After the transition, interviews and discussions were conducted with 5 stakeholder groups: health system leaders, clinic managers, clinicians, nurses, and reception staff...
January 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060084/can-we-identify-minority-patients-at-risk-of-nonadherence-to-antiplatelet-medication-at-the-time-of-coronary-stent-placement
#10
Ana M Palacio, Denise C Vidot, Leonardo J Tamariz, Claudia Uribe, Leslie Hazel-Fernandez, Hua Li, Sylvia D Garay, Olveen Carrasquillo
BACKGROUND: Lack of medication adherence is associated with significant morbidity and mortality, particularly among minorities. We aim to identify predictors of nonadherence to antiplatelet medications at the time of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with stent among African American and Hispanic patients. METHODS: We used data collected for a randomized clinical trial that recruited 452 minority patients from a large US health insurance organization in 2010 post-PCI to compare telephone-based motivational interviewing by trained nurses with an educational video...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047032/su-f-e-08-medical-physics-as-a-teaching-tool-for-high-school-science-curriculum
#11
L Buckley
PURPOSE: Delivering high school science curriculum in a timely manner and in way that is accessible to all students is a challenge for teachers. Although many high schools offer career workshops, these are typically directed at senior students and do not relate directly to details of the curriculum. The objective of this initiative was to create a series of lectures that use medical physics to relate many aspects of the high school science curriculum to tangible clinical applications and to introduce students to alternate pathways into a career in health sciences...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045319/prevalence-of-cross-bite-in-a-sample-of-italian-preschoolers
#12
R Ferro, A Besostri, A Olivieri, V Quinzi, D Scibetta
AIM: To clinically evaluate the prevalence of cross-bite in a sample of 1960 children in our Local Health Unit n. 15 Alta Padovana (Veneto region, Northeast Italy). METHODS: Study design: A cross-sectional study was carried out in the area of Health District n. 15, Veneto region, including 7,364 children from 3 to 5 years, attending a total of 88 nursery schools A convenience sample of 27 nursery schools (30% of total) was randomly selected, for a total of 2,603 eligible children; of these, 1960 children formed our study base (76%)...
December 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032779/the-era-of-sport-concussion-evolution-of-knowledge-practice-and-the-role-of-psychology
#13
Julie L Guay, Brittany M Lebretore, Jesse M Main, Katelyn E DeFrangesco, Jessica L Taylor, Sarah M Amedoro
The topic of sport concussion has gained significant prominence over the last 20 years, resulting in dramatic growth in research funding, widespread media coverage, and increased public awareness. Although the knowledge base has greatly expanded, there is still much that is unknown or controversial about the long-term effects of sports-related head injury. Because of the high stakes of mismanaging these injuries, professional sports organizations, federal/state government, and various health-related disciplines have responded with efforts to educate the public and improve treatment and management of this injury...
December 2016: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030408/nurses-on-the-front-lines-improving-adolescent-sexual-and-reproductive-health-across-health-care-settings
#14
Diane Santa Maria, Vincent Guilamo-Ramos, Loretta Sweet Jemmott, Anne Derouin, Antonia Villarruel
: Nurses care for adolescents in a variety of settings, including communities, schools, and public health and acute care clinics, which affords them many opportunities to improve adolescents' sexual and reproductive health and reduce the rates of unplanned pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections. To ensure that adolescents have access to sexual and reproductive health care (which includes both preventive counseling and treatment) in all nursing practice sites, nurses need to gain the knowledge and hone the skills required to deliver evidence-based counseling and services to adolescents and parents...
January 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026877/school-based-education-programmes-for-the-prevention-of-unintentional-injuries-in-children-and-young-people
#15
REVIEW
Elizabeth Orton, Jessica Whitehead, Jacqueline Mhizha-Murira, Mandy Clarkson, Michael C Watson, Caroline A Mulvaney, Joy Ul Staniforth, Munish Bhuchar, Denise Kendrick
BACKGROUND: Unintentional injuries are the leading cause of death in children aged four to 18 years and are a major cause of ill health. The school setting offers the opportunity to deliver preventive interventions to a large number of children and has been used to address a range of public health problems. However, the effectiveness of the school setting for the prevention of different injury mechanisms in school-aged children is not well understood. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of school-based educational programmes for the prevention of injuries in children and evaluate their impact on improving children's safety skills, behaviour and practices, and knowledge, and assess their cost-effectiveness...
December 27, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011231/metabolic-syndrome-and-occupation-any-association-prevalence-among-auto-technicians-and-school-teachers-in-south-west-nigeria
#16
Adeseye A Akintunde, Taiwo W Oloyede
AIMS: To determine occupational association with metabolic syndrome among auto technicians and school teachers. METHODS: One hundred and sixty six subjects were selected for this study. Clinical data was obtained while laboratory investigations including plasma glucose and lipid profile were performed. Statistical analysis was done with SPSS 20.0. P<0.05 was taken as statistically significant. RESULTS: School teachers had significantly higher mean total cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol compared to auto technicians...
December 14, 2016: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011082/-neonatal-arterial-ischemic-stroke-review-of-the-current-guidelines
#17
E Saliba, T Debillon, S Auvin, O Baud, V Biran, J-L Chabernaud, S Chabrier, F Cneude, A-G Cordier, V Darmency-Stamboul, J-F Diependaele, T Debillon, M Dinomais, C Durand, A Ego, G Favrais, Y Gruel, L Hertz-Pannier, B Husson, S Marret, S N'Guyen The Tich, T Perez, E Saliba, J-B Valentin, C Vuillerot
Neonatal arterial ischemic stroke (NAIS) is a rare event that occurs in approximately one in 5000 term or close-to-term infants. Most affected infants will present with seizures. Although a well-recognized clinical entity, many questions remain regarding diagnosis, risk factors, treatment, and follow-up modalities. In the absence of a known pathophysiological mechanism and lack of evidence-based guidelines, only supportive care is currently provided. To address these issues, a French national committee set up by the French Neonatal Society (Société française de néonatologie) and the national referral center (Centre national de référence) for arterial ischemic stroke in children drew up guidelines based on an HAS (Haute Autorité de santé [HAS]; French national authority for health) methodology...
December 20, 2016: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011030/translation-and-cross-cultural-adaptation-of-the-cardiff-wound-impact-schedule-to-brazilian-portuguese
#18
Fabiana da Silva Augusto, Leila Blanes, Denise Nicodemo, Lydia Masako Ferreira
AIM: To translate into Brazilian Portuguese and cross-culturally adapt the Cardiff Wound Impact Schedule, a specific measure of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) for patients with chronic wounds. Chronic wounds have a relevant impact on the HRQoL of patients. However, there are few instruments cross-culturally adapted and validated in Brazil to assess HRQoL in patients with wounds. METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted following six steps: (1) translation of the original instrument into Brazilian-Portuguese by two independent translators; (2) construction of a consensus version based on both translations; (3) two independent back-translations into English of the consensus version; (4) review by an expert committee and construction of the pre-final version; (5) testing of the pre-final version on patients with chronic wounds; and (6) construction of the final version...
December 11, 2016: Journal of Tissue Viability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009734/the-role-of-phd-faculty-in-advancing-research-in-departments-of-surgery
#19
Teresa M Bell, Nakul Valsangkar, Mugdha Joshi, John Mayo, Casi Blanton, Teresa A Zimmers, Laura Torbeck, Leonidas G Koniaris
OBJECTIVE: To determine the academic contribution as measured by number of publications, citations, and National Institutes of Health (NIH) funding from PhD scientists in US departments of surgery. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: The number of PhD faculty working in US medical school clinical departments now exceeds the number working in basic science departments. The academic impact of PhDs in surgery has not been previously evaluated. METHODS: Academic metrics for 3850 faculties at the top 55 NIH-funded university and hospital-based departments of surgery were collected using NIH RePORTER, Scopus, and departmental websites...
January 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995813/the-predictors-of-persistent-dsm-iv-disorders-in-3-year-follow-ups-of-the-british-child-and-adolescent-mental-health-surveys-1999-and-2004
#20
T Ford, F Macdiarmid, A E Russell, D Racey, R Goodman
BACKGROUND: The identification of the factors that influence the persistence of psychiatric disorder may assist practitioners to focus on young people who are particularly prone to poor outcomes, but population-based samples of sufficient size are rare. METHOD: This secondary analysis combined data from two large, population-based cross-sectional surveys in Great Britain (1999 and 2004) and their respective follow-ups (2002 and 2007), to study homotypic persistence among the 998 school-age children with psychiatric disorder at baseline...
December 20, 2016: Psychological Medicine
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