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ESRD patient awareness

Piergiorgio Messa, Carlo Maria Alfieri, Emanuele Montanari, Mariano Ferraresso, Roberta Cerutti
Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is the first genetic cause of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and the number of these patients who are listed for or receive a kidney transplant (KTx) is continuously increasing over time. Hence, nephrologists are involved not only in the handling of ADPKD patients during the long course of the disease, but also in programming and performing a renal transplant. The handling of all these processes implies the complete awareness of a number of critical points related to the decisions to be taken both before and after the transplant intervention...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Nephrology
Sunita Paudyal, Frances M Yang, Christopher Rice, Chen-Chun Chen, Michael Skelton, Monique Bethel, Shilpa Brown, Norris Stanley Nahman, Laura Carbone
OBJECTIVES: To determine the frequency of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), the causes of ESRD, and the treatment of RA in the setting of ESRD. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of RA (N = 3754) and non-RA (N = 326,776) patients in the United States Renal Data System (USRDS) during 2011 (N = 330,530). The epidemiology of ESRD in RA was determined and the etiology of ESRD in patients with and without RA was compared. The frequency of patients with RA with at least one filled prescription for prednisone/prednisolone, a DMARD, and/or a biologic in 2011 was determined...
August 2, 2016: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
Marie-Klaire Farrugia
Fetal bladder outlet obstruction (BOO), most commonly caused by posterior urethral valves (PUV), remains a challenging and multi-faceted condition. Evolving techniques, and refinement in ultrasound, optics and instrumentation, have increased our rate of prenatal diagnosis, and enabled valve ablation not only in smaller newborns, but also in fetuses. Long-term outcome studies have raised our awareness of the silent damage caused by bladder dysfunction and polyuria and encouraged their proactive management. In spite of our best efforts, the proportion of boys with PUV who progress to chronic and end-stage renal disease (ESRD) has not changed in the last 25 years...
August 6, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Timur Erk
Founded in 1985, the Turkish Kidney Foundation serves the society with 3 dialysis centers and a 113-bed general hospital. Interacting with public authorities and advocating end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients' rights are essential services of this non-governmental organization (NGO). Over the last 30 years, keeping with the trend of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in the country, the foundation raised awareness in the population for this condition and prepared an activity road map by using statistical facts and data...
2016: Clinical Nephrology
Harun Ur Rashid, Sakibuzzaman Arefin, Sazid Hasan, Khurshidul Alam
BACKGROUND: Prior to 2003 in Bangladesh, ~ 80% of kidney-failure patients could not afford treatment. The Kidney Foundation Bangladesh (KFB) was formed in 2003 with an aim to create awareness, to promote prevention of kidney disease to families and population, at risk as well as offer treatment to those afflicted with kidney failure. METHODS: KFB runs a 150-bed hospital for treatment of kidney disease, dialysis, and transplantation at an affordable price. New patients visiting the OPD pay only US$ 5...
2016: Clinical Nephrology
A O Takure, Y O Jinadu, S A Adebayo, O B Shittu, B L Salako, S Kadiri
Renal transplantation is well established in the USA, Europe, India, and South Africa. However, it is still in its infancy in Nigeria. The objective of our study is to determine the knowledge, awareness, and acceptability of renal transplant among patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and the factors which are responsible for the low level of transplantation in Ibadan, Nigeria. A 15-item pilot-tested questionnaire was administered to willing patients with ESRD seen at the medical outpatient clinic of the University Teaching Hospital, from January to December 2011...
July 2016: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
Sa'ed H Zyoud, Samah W Al-Jabi, Waleed M Sweileh, Ghada H Tabeeb, Nora A Ayaseh, Mayas N Sawafta, Razan L Khdeir, Diana O Mezyed, Dala N Daraghmeh, Rahmat Awang
BACKGROUND: Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM), and herbal therapies, are accepted worldwide, and have been important from medical, sociological and economic perspectives, among haemodialysis (HD) patients. The primary aim of this study was to evaluate the use of CAM among patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) who are undergoing HD. METHODS: Face-to-face interviews of patients with ESRD undergoing HD from ten outpatient renal departments at a national level in Palestine were conducted from June 2014 to January 2015...
2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Kevin Quach, Heebah Sultan, Yanhong Li, Olusegun Famure, S Joseph Kim
CONTEXT: An increasing demand for kidney transplantation has enticed some patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) to venture outside their country of residence, but their posttransplant outcomes may be suboptimal. OBJECTIVE: We compared the risks and clinical outcomes among tourists, or patients who pursue a kidney transplant abroad, versus patients who received a transplant at the Toronto General Hospital (TGH). METHODS: A single-center, 1:3 matched (based on age at transplant, time on dialysis, and year of transplant) cohort study was conducted...
March 2016: Progress in Transplantation
Sa'ed H Zyoud, Dala N Daraghmeh, Diana O Mezyed, Razan L Khdeir, Mayas N Sawafta, Nora A Ayaseh, Ghada H Tabeeb, Waleed M Sweileh, Rahmat Awang, Samah W Al-Jabi
BACKGROUND: Haemodialysis (HD) is a life-sustaining treatment for patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). HD can bring about significant impairment in health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and outcomes. Therefore, we sought to describe the patterns of HRQOL and determine the independent factors associated with poor HRQOL in Palestinian patients on HD. METHODS: A multicenter cross-sectional study was performed from June 2014 to January 2015 using the EuroQOL-5 Dimensions instrument (EQ-5D-5L) for the assessment of HRQOL...
2016: BMC Nephrology
Badar Murtaza, Sarwar Alvi
OBJECTIVE: To assess the clinical presentation of forgotten ureteral stents and highlight the etiological factors resulting in the retention of these stents. STUDY DESIGN: Observational study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Department of Urology, Armed Forces Institute of Urology, Rawalpindi, from January 2010 to June 2011. METHODOLOGY: Thirty-eight patients, with forgotten ureteral stents, retained for more than 6 months duration, were enrolled...
March 2016: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
Michael Robert Marchick, Brandon Russell Allen, Emily Cassin Weeks, Jonathan Jacob Shuster, Marie-Carmelle Elie
The authors have investigated the incidence of acute kidney injury (AKI) and short-term mortality following an activated STEMI and stroke alert at a tertiary referral and academic center. A single center, retrospective chart review of STEMI and stroke activation patients from January 2010 to March 2012. Data was collected and reviewed from an institutional database following IRB-approval. Inclusion criteria were STEMI patients taken for cardiac catheterization, excluding patients receiving hemodialysis due to end-stage renal disease (ESRD)...
September 2016: Internal and Emergency Medicine
J Hogan, C Couchoud, M Bonthuis, J W Groothoff, K J Jager, F Schaefer, K J Van Stralen
Inequalities between genders in access to transplantation have been demonstrated. We aimed to validate this gender inequality in a large pediatric population and to investigate its causes. This cohort study included 6454 patients starting renal replacement therapy before 18 years old, in 35 countries participating in the European Society for Paediatric Nephrology/European Renal Association-European Dialysis and Transplant Association Registry. We used cumulative incidence competing risk and proportional hazards frailty models to study the time to receive a transplant and hierarchical logistic regression to investigate access to preemptive transplantation...
July 2016: American Journal of Transplantation
Laurel Cherian, James Conners, Shawna Cutting, Vivien H Lee, Sarah Song
OBJECTIVE: To describe the most common clinical factors and stroke etiologies in a case series of patients with end-stage renal disease on hemodialysis (ESRD/HD) with transient ischemic attack (TIA) or ischemic stroke (IS). BACKGROUND: Prior studies have shown that patients on HD are at an elevated risk of stroke, but these studies have focused on the overall stroke risk. This case series sought to determine the percentage of acute ischemic events that occur during or immediately after HD...
September 2015: Cerebrovascular Diseases Extra
Francesco Summaria, Maria B Giannico, Giovanni P Talarico, Roberto Patrizi
CONTEXT: Coronary artery disease is highly prevalent among patients with end stage renal disease/hemodialysis (ESRD/HD) and coronary percutaneous interventions (PCI) has been increased by nearly 50% over the past decade. After PCI with stent placement, guidelines recommend dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT), but no specifically tailored pharmacotherapy approach is outlined for this frail population, mostly excluded from large randomized clinical trials (RCTs). EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: We reviewed current evidences on the use of antiplatelet therapy in patients with ESRD/HD undergoing PCI, focusing on the efficacy and safety of specific agents and their indications for detailed clinical settings...
July 2015: Nephro-urology Monthly
Naoka Murakami, Hira Babu Siktel, David Lucido, James F Winchester, Nikolas B Harbord
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Patients with ESRD on dialysis live in a complex sociomedical situation and are dependent on technology and infrastructure, such as transportation, electricity, and water, to sustain their lives. Interruptions of this infrastructure by natural disasters can result in devastating outcomes. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: Between November of 2013 and April of 2014, a cross-sectional survey was conducted of patients who received maintenance hemodialysis before and after the landfall of Hurricane Sandy on October 29, 2012 in lower Manhattan, New York...
August 7, 2015: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
Kavitha Vellanki, Vinod K Bansal
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is an increasing problem worldwide and is now being recognized as a global health burden particularly for cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events. The incidence of stroke increases in the presence of CKD with a 3-fold increased rate reported in ESRD. Atrial fibrillation (AF) increases the risk of stroke in CKD. There is conflicting observational evidence regarding benefit of anticoagulation in CKD for prevention of stroke in AF as risk of bleeding is high. Overall, anticoagulant in CKD may be beneficial in appropriate patients with meticulous monitoring of international normalized ratio (INR)...
August 2015: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
Olivier J Wouters, Donal J O'Donoghue, James Ritchie, Panos G Kanavos, Andrew S Narva
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is prevalent in many countries, and the costs associated with the care of patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) are estimated to exceed US$1 trillion globally. The clinical and economic rationale for the design of timely and appropriate health system responses to limit the progression of CKD to ESRD is clear. Clinical care might improve if early-stage CKD with risk of progression to ESRD is differentiated from early-stage CKD that is unlikely to advance. The diagnostic tests that are currently used for CKD exhibit key limitations; therefore, additional research is required to increase awareness of the risk factors for CKD progression...
August 2015: Nature Reviews. Nephrology
Demet Tekdöş Demircioğlu, Gülis Kavadar, Özgül Esen Öre, Tuluhan Yunus Emre, Umut Yaka
OBJECTIVES: Patients with RLS suffer nonrestorative sleep, daytime sleepiness, fatigue, and concentration problems. In addition, dialysis itself effects the psychological and social life of the patient negatively. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of RLS in patients on regular hemodialysis, and its relationship with patients' quality of life, socio-demographic and laboratory data. METHODS: One hundred and eighteen stable chronic hemodialysis (HD) patients referring to the hemodialysis unit of Turkish Kidney Foundation and 49 patients that met IRLSSG diagnostic criteria were included into the study...
2015: Aǧrı: Ağrı (Algoloji) Derneği'nin Yayın Organıdır, the Journal of the Turkish Society of Algology
Behzad Einollahi, Neda Izadianmehr
CONTEXT: Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is an irresistible urge to move legs that usually occur during inactivity and at night. This neurologic condition is associated with increased risk of nocturnal hypertension as well as cardiovascular events and affects patient's sleep, which leads to anxiety, depression, and decreases quality of life. Presence of RLS in patients on hemodialysis is associated with higher mortality rate. Most of the times, patients have indescribable symptoms. The aim of this review was to provide physicians with information to be aware and turn their attention to the patient's symptoms, which are the most important clue to diagnosis of RLS...
September 2014: Nephro-urology Monthly
Thomas F Parker, George R Aronoff
Integrated clinical care models, like Accountable Care Organizations and ESRD Seamless Care Organizations, present new opportunities for dialysis facility medical directors to affect changes in care that result in improved patient outcomes. Currently, there is little scholarly information on what role the medical director should play. In this opinion-based review, it is predicted that dialysis providers, the hospitals in which the medical director and staff physicians practice, and the payers with which they contract are going to insist that, as care becomes more integrated, dialysis facility medical directors participate in new ways to improve quality and decrease the costs of care...
July 7, 2015: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
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