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Breastfeeding Attitudes

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131703/expectant-inner-city-women-attitudes-about-contraception-given-infant-feeding-choice
#1
Elena Fuell Wysong, Krystel Tossone, Lydia Furman
PURPOSE: We sought to examine whether low-income inner-city expectant women who intend to breastfeed make different contraceptive choices than those who intend to formula feed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional pilot study surveyed expectant women age 14 years and older receiving prenatal care at MacDonald Women's Hospital, Cleveland Ohio (01 November 2016-15 January 2017). Questions assessed knowledge and attitudes regarding infant feeding and contraception options, and postpartum feeding and contraceptive intentions...
November 13, 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083214/breastfeeding-duration-predicts-greater-maternal-sensitivity-over-the-next-decade
#2
Jennifer M Weaver, Thomas J Schofield, Lauren M Papp
The current study represents the first longitudinal investigation of the potential effects of breastfeeding duration on maternal sensitivity over the following decade. This study also examined whether infant attachment security at 24 months would mediate longitudinal relations between breastfeeding duration and changes in maternal sensitivity over time. Using data from 1,272 families from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development's Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development, we found that longer breastfeeding duration (assessed up to age 3) predicted increases in observed maternal sensitivity up to child age 11, after accounting for maternal neuroticism, parenting attitudes, ethnicity, maternal years of education, and presence of a romantic partner...
October 30, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023499/understanding-the-perceived-logic-of-care-by-vaccine-hesitant-and-vaccine-refusing-parents-a-qualitative-study-in-australia
#3
Paul R Ward, Katie Attwell, Samantha B Meyer, Philippa Rokkas, Julie Leask
In terms of public health, childhood vaccination programs have benefits that far outweigh risks. However, some parents decide not to vaccinate their children. This paper explores the ways in which such parents talked about the perceived risks and benefits incurred by vaccinating (or not vaccinating) their children. Between 2013-2016 we undertook 29 in-depth interviews with non-vaccinating and/or 'vaccine hesitant' parents in Australia. Interviews were conducted in an open and non-judgmental manner, akin to empathic neutrality...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977315/habits-and-attitudes-of-mothers-of-infants-in-relation-to-breastfeeding-and-artificial-feeding-in-11-brazilian-cities
#4
Mauro Batista de Morais, Ary Lopes Cardoso, Tamara Lazarini, Elaine Martins Bento Mosquera, Márcia Carvalho Mallozi
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the relationship between habits and attitudes of mothers and the types of milk offered to their children in their first two years of life. METHODS: Retrospective study including 773 interviews of mothers from 11 Brazilian cities with children under 2 years of age. Interviews were conducted in 11 cities of Brazil. The following factors were analyzed: breastfeeding method planned during pregnancy and the method actually applied after birth; type(s) of milk(s) used on the day of the interview and earlier; age at which the child was introduced to whole milk; and source of advice used to choose a certain type of milk...
January 2017: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955104/parturients-awareness-and-perception-of-benefits-of-breast-feeding-in-the-prevention-of-infant-and-childhood-oral-and-dental-diseases
#5
Charles E Anyanechi, Kufre J Ekabua, Ansa B Ekpenyong, John E Ekabua
BACKGROUND: Breastfed babies have a better chance of improved oral and dental health than their counterparts that were artificially-fed. OBJECTIVE: To assess the knowledge and attitude of postnatal mothers on the benefits of breastfeeding in prevention of oral and dental diseases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross - sectional descriptive survey of 206 mothers attending the postnatal clinic of the University of Calabar Teaching Hospital, Calabar on the knowledge and attitude of breastfeeding in prevention of oral diseases in infants...
June 2017: Ghana Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955076/the-determination-of-infant-feeding-attitudes-among-turkish-mothers-using-the-iowa-infant-feeding-attitude-scale
#6
Sumeyra Topal, Hilal Uslu Yuvaci, Unal Erkorkmaz, Nursan Cinar, Sevin Altinkaynak
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether the Iowa Infant Feeding Attitude Scale is a valid and reliable scale for Turkish mothers, and to assess maternal attitudes toward various aspects of infant feeding. METHODS: This methodological, analytical study was conducted at the obstetrics and gynaecology department of Sakarya Training and Research Hospital, Sakarya, Turkey, from June to August 2015, and comprised mothers of newborn babies. Data was collected using the Turkish version of Iowa Infant Feeding Attitude Scale...
October 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952973/healthcare-professionals-attitudes-and-practices-in-supporting-and-promoting-the-breastfeeding-of-preterm-infants-in-nicus
#7
Khulood Kayed Shattnawi
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding preterm infants is shown to have important health benefits for both infants and mothers. A positive relationship between mothers and healthcare teams and supportive practices tend to facilitate maternal competence and promote early initiation of breastfeeding within neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to understand attitudes and behaviors of healthcare professionals toward breastfeeding practices and supporting mothers of preterm infants...
August 4, 2017: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938078/online-lactation-education-for-healthcare-providers-a-theoretical-approach-to-understanding-learning-outcomes
#8
Amanda L Watkins, Joan E Dodgson, Darya Bonds McClain
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding competencies are not standardized in healthcare education for any of the health professions. A few continuing education/professional development programs have been implemented, but research regarding the efficacy of these programs is scarce. Research aim: After a 45-hour lactation course, (a) Does breastfeeding knowledge increase? (b) Do beliefs and attitudes about infant feeding improve? (c) Does perceived behavioral control over performance of evidence-based lactation support practices increase? and (d) Do intentions to carry out evidence-based lactation support practices increase? METHODS: A nonexperimental pretest-posttest self-report survey design was conducted with a nonprobability sample of participants ( N = 71) in a lactation course...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930480/health-facility-staff-training-for-improving-breastfeeding-outcome-a-systematic-review-for-step-2-of-the-baby-friendly-hospital-initiative
#9
Olukunmi O Balogun, Amarjargal Dagvadorj, Jennifer Yourkavitch, Katharina da Silva Lopes, Maiko Suto, Yo Takemoto, Rintaro Mori, Pura Rayco-Solon, Erika Ota
The Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI) implemented through the "Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding" has been widely promoted as an intervention that improves breastfeeding rates. Step 2 requires the training of all healthcare staff in skills that are necessary to implement the policy. This systematic review provides evidence about the effect of training healthcare staff in hospitals and birth centers on breastfeeding outcomes. Randomized controlled trials (RCT), quasi-RCT, and controlled before and after (CBA) studies comparing training of healthcare staff on breastfeeding and supportive feeding practices with no training were included in this review...
November 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926281/e-learning-to-improve-healthcare-professionals-attitudes-and-practices-on-breastfeeding
#10
Sofia Colaceci, Angela Giusti, Elise M Chapin, Maria Enrica Bettinelli, Alessia De Angelis, Francesca Zambri, Ercole Vellone, Rosaria Alvaro, Barbara De Mei
INTRODUCTION: Breastfeeding training has a crucial role in increasing healthcare professionals' attitudes and in improving professional support for breastfeeding. The collaboration between the Italian National Institute of Health, UNICEF, and the Local Health Authority of Milan has led to the development of an online course on lactation and infant feeding practices. AIM: To assess if the course was effective in improving healthcare professionals' attitudes and practices (APs)...
September 19, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924062/national-trends-in-pediatricians-practices-and-attitudes-about-breastfeeding-1995-to-2014
#11
Lori Feldman-Winter, Kinga Szucs, Aubri Milano, Elizabeth Gottschlich, Blake Sisk, Richard J Schanler
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has affirmed breastfeeding as the preferred method of infant feeding; however, there has been little systematic examination of how pediatricians' recommendations, affiliated hospitals' policies, counseling practices, and attitudes toward breastfeeding have shifted over the past 2 decades. These trends were examined from 1995 to 2014. METHODS: Data are from the Periodic Survey (PS) of Fellows, a nationally representative survey of AAP members...
October 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913128/early-initiation-and-exclusive-breastfeeding-factors-influencing-the-attitudes-of-mothers-who-gave-birth-in-a-baby-friendly-hospital
#12
Elif Yılmaz, Fatma Doğa Öcal, Zehra Vural Yılmaz, Meryem Ceyhan, Osman Fadıl Kara, Tuncay Küçüközkan
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the initation time of breastfeeding, exclusive breastfeeding rates, and complementary feeding practices during the first six months of life among mothers who gave birth in a baby-friendly hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 350 mothers. Demographic characteristics, obstetric history and information about breastfeeding initiation were collected at the hospital. Information about factors affecting breastfeeding duration and feeding practices of the infants were obtained at the end of six months...
March 2017: Turk J Obstet Gynecol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903598/healthcare-providers-attitude-and-knowledge-regarding-medication-use-in-breastfeeding-women-a-jordanian-national-questionnaire-study
#13
Nour A Al-Sawalha, Abeer Sawalha, Linda Tahaineh, Basima Almomani, Maha Al-Keilani
Medication use among women who have recently given birth is unavoidable in some situations. The aim of this study was to assess the attitude and knowledge of healthcare providers (HCPs) in Jordan about the safe use of medications during breastfeeding. The data were collected from HCPs in maternal and children care centres and hospitals from April 2015 to January 2016, using a self-administered questionnaire. A total of 904 HCPs (79.3%) were enrolled in the study. Half of the participants followed the World Health Organisation's and American Academy of Pediatrics' recommendations...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874931/congratulations-you-re-pregnant-now-about-your-shifts-the-state-of-maternity-leave-attitudes-and-culture-in-em
#14
Casey Z MacVane, Megan L Fix, Tania D Strout, Kate D Zimmerman, Rebecca B Bloch, Christine L Hein
INTRODUCTION: Increasing attention has been focused on parental leave, but little is known about early leave and parental experiences for male and female attending physicians. Our goal was to describe and quantify the parental leave experiences of a nationally representative sample of emergency physicians (EP). METHODS: We conducted a web-based survey, distributed via emergency medicine professional organizations, discussion boards, and listservs, to address study objectives...
August 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870180/awareness-attitudes-and-perceptions-regarding-hiv-and-pmtct-amongst-pregnant-women-in-guinea-bissau-a-qualitative-study
#15
Noel Vieira, Dlama Nggida Rasmussen, Inês Oliveira, Aureliano Gomes, Peter Aaby, Christian Wejse, Morten Sodemann, Lucy Reynolds, Holger W Unger
BACKGROUND: The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) continues to be a major cause of maternal and infant mortality and morbidity in sub-Saharan Africa. Prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) strategies have proven effective in decreasing the number of children infected in utero, intrapartum and during the breastfeeding period. This qualitative study explores knowledge and perceptions of HIV amongst pregnant women, healthcare workers' experiences of the national PMTCT services, and barriers to PMTCT, during a period of programme scale-up in urban Guinea-Bissau (2010-11)...
September 4, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852416/effectiveness-of-experiential-learning-with-empowerment-strategies-and-social-support-from-grandmothers-on-breastfeeding-among-thai-adolescent-mothers
#16
Wilasinee Bootsri, Surasak Taneepanichskul
BACKGROUND: Grandmothers are important to successful breastfeeding because their knowledge, attitudes and experiences influence adolescent mothers' decision to initiate and to continue breastfeeding. The purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of an experiential learning with empowerment strategies and social support (ELESSS) programme for grandmothers according to improvements in the rate and duration of exclusive breastfeeding (EBF); knowledge and attitude (KA) regarding breastfeeding; and perceived social support among adolescent mothers...
2017: International Breastfeeding Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835399/a-case-control-study-of-hormonal-exposures-as-etiologic-factors-for-als-in-women-euro-motor
#17
James P K Rooney, Anne E Visser, Fabrizio D'Ovidio, Roel Vermeulen, Ettore Beghi, Adriano Chio, Jan H Veldink, Giancarlo Logroscino, Leonard H van den Berg, Orla Hardiman
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of hormonal risk factors for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) among women from 3 European countries. METHODS: ALS cases and matched controls were recruited over 4 years in Ireland, Italy, and the Netherlands. Hormonal exposures, including reproductive history, breastfeeding, contraceptive use, hormonal replacement therapy, and gynecologic surgical history, were recorded with a validated questionnaire. Logistic regression models adjusted for age, education, study site, smoking, alcohol, and physical activity were used to determine the association between female hormones and ALS risk...
September 19, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820957/the-association-between-pregnancy-intention-and-breastfeeding
#18
Shimrit Keddem, Rosemary Frasso, Melissa Dichter, Alexandra Hanlon
BACKGROUND: Although breastfeeding is associated with proven benefits to both mother and child, there are many factors that influence a mother's decision to breastfeed. Pregnancy intentionality at the time of conception is associated with postpartum maternal behavior including breastfeeding. Research aim: We sought to understand how maternal and paternal pregnancy intentions were associated with breastfeeding initiation and duration in a nationally representative sample. METHODS: We used a cross-sectional, retrospective study of the CDC National Survey of Family Growth data to examine the link between pregnancy intentionality and breastfeeding initiation and duration among women ages 15 to 44 years...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820951/lactation-consultants-perceived-barriers-to-providing-professional-breastfeeding-support
#19
Erica H Anstey, Martha Coulter, Cecilia M Jevitt, Kay M Perrin, Sharon Dabrow, Lynne B Klasko-Foster, Ellen M Daley
BACKGROUND: Addressing suboptimal breastfeeding initiation and duration rates is a priority in the United States. To address challenges to improving these rates, the voices of the providers who work with breastfeeding mothers should be heard. Research aim: The purpose of this study was to explore lactation consultants' perceived barriers to managing early breastfeeding problems. METHODS: This qualitative study was conducted with a grounded theory methodological approach...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689560/the-impact-of-federal-policy-changes-and-initiatives-on-breastfeeding-initiation-rates-and%C3%A2-attitudes-toward-breastfeeding-among-wic%C3%A2-participants
#20
Anthony Dominic Panzera, Karen Castellanos-Brown, Courtney Paolicelli, Ruth Morgan, Anna Potter, Danielle Berman
To explore the effects of the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) on participants' breastfeeding (BF) practices, studies that use large national samples are warranted. The US Department of Agriculture's Food and Nutrition Service funded several studies that leveraged national samples of WIC agencies, sites, and participants to evaluate how WIC affects BF outcomes among its participants. This report integrates findings across multiple Food and Nutrition Service-funded studies to describe important program benefits and how the program and its benefits supported positive attitudes and beliefs toward BF, as well as higher rates of BF initiation...
July 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
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