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Breastfeeding Attitudes

Sheler Ahmadi, Farideh Kazemi, Seyedeh Zahra Masoumi, Parisa Parsa, Ghodratollah Roshanaei
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study is to determine the effect of a consultation model, Beliefs, Attitudes, Subjective Norms and Enabling Factors (BASNEF), and the counselling steps using GATHER-Greet clients, Ask clients about themselves, Tell clients about their choices, Help clients choose, Explain what to do, and Return for follow-up-on the continuation rates of exclusive breastfeeding in mothers of premature infants. METHODS: This is a randomized controlled clinical trial carried out on 124 mothers with premature infants hospitalized in Fatemieh Hospital, city of Hamadan, in 2014...
2016: International Breastfeeding Journal
Cecilia E Barbosa, Saba W Masho, Kellie E Carlyle, Maghboeba Mosavel
BACKGROUND: Positive deviant individuals practice beneficial behaviors in spite of having qualities characterizing them as high risk for unhealthy behaviors. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify and understand factors distinguishing low-income African American women who breastfeed the longest (positive deviants) from those who breastfeed for a shorter duration or do not breastfeed. METHODS: Seven mini-focus groups on infant-feeding attitudes and experiences were conducted with 25 low-income African American women, grouped by infant-feeding practice...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
Aylin Baydar Artantas, Burcu Kayhan Tetis, Melek Kılıc, İrep Karatas Eray, Nazan Cetin, Sinem Güney, Dogan Akdogan, Umut Domad, Yusuf Ustu, Mehmet Ugurlu
INTRODUCTION: Worldwide consensus about breastfeeding is that the infant should exclusively be breastfed until six months of life. Despite this, the rate of exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months of age is low in so many countries including Turkey. The aim of this study was to evaluate the knowledge, the attitudes and the own experiences of health professionals about breastfeeding and breast milk, in a metropolitan city in Turkey. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was performed between July 2012 and December 2013...
December 1, 2016: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
Patricia Leahy-Warren, Mary Creedon, Aoife O'Mahony, Helen Mulcahy
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding rates in Ireland are among the lowest in Europe. Breastfeeding groups can provide support, information, and friendship for women. However, there is little research exploring community breastfeeding groups led by Public Health Nurses providing universal maternal and child care to all postnatal mothers in the community in Ireland. AIM: The aim of this study was to explore breastfeeding women's experiences of a Public Health Nurse led support group...
November 5, 2016: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
Eyad Altamimi, Reem Al Nsour, Duaa Al Dalaen, Neyaf Almajali
Breast milk is the ideal food for human infants, with benefits to mothers and babies. However, working mothers are more likely to choose not to breastfeed or to interrupt breastfeeding prematurely. This study assessed breastfeeding knowledge and attitudes among working mothers in South Jordan. Four hundred cross-sectional, self-administered Arabic surveys were distributed to working mothers at their workplaces. In addition to measuring mothers' knowledge of and attitudes toward breastfeeding, barriers that prevented continuing breastfeeding beyond 6 months were also explored...
October 28, 2016: Workplace Health & Safety
Yu Zhu, Zhihong Zhang, Yun Ling, Hongwei Wan
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding knowledge, attitude, subjective norm, and perceived control are significant determinants of breastfeeding, according to the theory of planned behavior (TPB). However, evidence concerning the effectiveness of the TPB-based intervention in breastfeeding promotion is sparse. Meanwhile, the changes of these determinants with time have not been examined in previous studies. AIM: To investigate the effectiveness of the TPB-based intervention program in improving exclusive breastfeeding, and the interaction of time and intervention on these determinants of breastfeeding...
October 20, 2016: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
Lucy James, Linda Sweet, Roslyn Donnellan-Fernandez
PROBLEM: Early discharge following birth has become an emerging phenomenon in many countries. It is likely early discharge has an impact on the establishment of breastfeeding. OBJECTIVE: To critically appraise the evidence on what women value in relation to breastfeeding initiation and support, and investigate the impact early discharge can have on these values. METHOD: A literature search was conducted for publications since 2005 using the following databases: Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), Medline, Scopus and PsycINFO; 21 primary articles were selected and included in the review...
October 20, 2016: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
Mashael Alshebly, Badr Sobaih
The aim of the study was to explore the practice and attitudes of Saudi mothers towards breastfeeding. A cross-sectional survey done on a total of 517 Saudi mothers using a questionnaire inquiring about their demographic data, breastfeeding practice in the first 6 months after delivery and longer, different reasons for stopping breastfeeding. Furthermore, their impression on the relation between breastfeeding and breast cancer as well as prevention of infant's allergic and infectious diseases. Only 37.5% of the mothers practiced exclusive breastfeeding for 6 months...
2016: Sudan J Paediatr
Tran Huu Bich, Nguyen Manh Cuong
OBJECTIVES: To test the hypotheses of positive changes of fathers' knowledge, attitude and involvement in supporting exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) after receiving breastfeeding education materials and counseling services. METHODS: A quasi-experimental, pre-test-post-test, non-equivalent control group design was used. At baseline, 251 and 241 pregnant women and their husbands were enrolled into the intervention and control groups, respectively. The 1-year intervention targeting fathers included mass media, game show-style community events, group and individual counseling at health facilities and home visits...
September 1, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
Hani Tamim, Lilian A Ghandour, Lama Shamsedine, Lama Charafeddine, Fatima Nasser, Yvette Khalil, Mona Nabulsi
BACKGROUND: Valid instruments that can reliably assess maternal breastfeeding knowledge in Arabic-speaking populations are nonexistent. The availability of such an instrument is essential for investigators working in this field. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to describe the adaptation and validation of the Arabic Breastfeeding Knowledge Questionnaire (BFK-A) from the original 20-item English version. METHODS: A translated version of the 20-item BFK was validated among 417 Lebanese women after pilot testing for clarity, comprehension, length, and cultural appropriateness...
August 26, 2016: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
Nour A Al-Sawalha, Linda Tahaineh, Abeer Sawalha, Basima A Almomani
INTRODUCTION: A wealth of evidence reveals the benefits of breastfeeding. During the breastfeeding period, nursing mothers may face many medical conditions that require medical management. The medication use among breastfeeding women in Jordan is largely unknown. OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the beliefs and attitudes of breastfeeding women in Jordan toward medication use. METHODS: The data were collected from breastfeeding women in hospitals and maternal and children care centers from north, middle, and south Jordan by semistructured interviews using a self-administered questionnaire from February 2015 to November 2015...
September 2016: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
Rosa Tomás-Almarcha, Antonio Oliver-Roig, Miguel Richart-Martinez
OBJECTIVE: To translate the Iowa Infant Feeding Scale (IIFAS) into Spanish, to test its psychometric properties, and to explore item reduction for the Spanish version. DESIGN: Instrumental study. SETTING: Six hospitals in eastern Spain. PARTICIPANTS: A convenience sample of 1,354 pregnant women was recruited. METHODS: The IIFAS was translated using forward and back translation. Dimensional structure, internal consistency, and construct validity of the Spanish IIFAS version were assessed...
September 2016: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
Yeon K Bai, Lauren M Dinour, Gina A Pope
INTRODUCTION: The number of young mothers in the workforce and in schools of higher education has steadily increased. In order to maintain a breastfeeding relationship with their children, these mothers need to pump or express breast milk multiple times a day while at work or school. This study examines the factors associated with the intention to pump breast milk at one university campus. METHODS: Between January and February 2015, an online survey invitation was sent out to all female employees and students at one university...
August 10, 2016: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
Robert McKeever, Brooke W McKeever
Using a survey of mothers with young children (N = 455), this study applies Fishbein and Ajzen's reasoned action approach (RAA) to examine the relationship between online communication and infant feeding practices. Contrary to expectations, attitudes, perceived normative pressure, and perceived behavioral control (PBC) did not fully mediate the relationship between time spent online and behavioral intentions. Our findings indicate a significant, direct, negative association between time spent online and breastfeeding intentions In this article, theoretical and practical implications for health communication are discussed...
August 2, 2016: Health Communication
José Tomás Prieto, Clara Zuleta, Jorge Tulio Rodríguez
OBJECTIVE: To develop a descriptive model of structural characteristics of mHealth in the context of newborn nutrition, and to assess the effects of illustrative interventions through a mixed-methods study consisting of an impact evaluation and a qualitative assessment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a 23-week intervention with 100 mothers in rural Guatemala in 2013 and 2014. In group 1 (n = 24), participants received health-promoting text messages. In group 2 (n = 32), peer-to-peer groups were formed...
July 29, 2016: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
Julie L Ware, Fawaz Mzayek, Marian Levy
Breastfeeding is well accepted as the optimal nutrition for babies. The American Academy of Pediatrics states that infant feeding should no longer be thought of as a lifestyle choice, but rather as a public health issue. In Shelby County, Tennessee, rates of breastfeeding continue to be disparately low. To address this public health problem, a focus group study was conducted with the Shelby County population least likely to breastfeed. Following participants' suggestion to use a billboard campaign with pictures of local mothers and families, one highway billboard and ten bus stop signs were placed around the city in areas of the lowest breastfeeding rates...
September 2016: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
Angela M Johnson, Rosalind Kirk, Alfreda Jordan Rooks, Maria Muzik
Objectives To explore African American women's breastfeeding thoughts, attitudes, and experiences with healthcare professionals and subsequent influences on their breastfeeding interest and behavior. Insight was also sought about the most effective practices to provide breastfeeding support to African American women. Methods Thirty-eight pregnant or lactating African American women and racially diverse health professionals were recruited and participated in one of six membership specific focus groups in the metro Detroit area...
July 23, 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Laurence Spiesser-Robelet, Rémi Gagnayre
This commentary follows the article of Moni R. Saha and her co-authors, entitled "Postpartum women's use of medicines and breastfeeding practices: a systematic review." As highlighted in this systematic review, medication use is common during the postpartum period often creating difficulty for mothers. Several studies illustrate the negative impact medication has on breastfeeding, initiation and duration despite reassuring advice from health professionals. Current data only describe the use of medication and behavior adopted by mothers when medication is prescribed...
2016: International Breastfeeding Journal
Jill R Demirci, Debra L Bogen
Ecological momentary assessment (EMA) is a novel data collection method that samples subject experiences in real-time - minimizing recall bias. Here, we describe the feasibility of EMA to track breastfeeding behaviour through a mobile phone app. During their birth hospitalization, we approached healthy, first-time mothers intending to exclusively breastfeed for at least 2 months to participate in a study tracking breastfeeding through 8 weeks postpartum. Participants downloaded a commercially available smartphone app, entered information and thoughts about breastfeeding as they occurred, and emailed this data weekly...
July 14, 2016: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Method Kazaura
BACKGROUND: Although breastfeeding in general is common and culturally accepted in many sub-Saharan countries, recommended exclusive breastfeeding infants to 6 months is rare. In rural Tanzania, data on infant feeding practices is rare. OBJECTIVE: To examine and describe exclusive breastfeeding practices in rural settings (Coast Region) of Tanzania. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Coast Region of Tanzania involving 342 mothers...
March 2016: African Health Sciences
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