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Breastfeeding Attitudes

Stephen O Olorunfemi, Lilian Dudley
BACKGROUND: The balance between the risks of transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) through breastfeeding and its life-saving benefits complicates decisions about infant feeding among HIV-positive mothers in the first 6 months. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice of infant feeding among HIV-positive mothers attending the prevention of mother-to-child transmission services in Maseru, Lesotho.Method and setting: This observational cross-sectional study was done by collecting data from HIV-positive mothers attending the filter clinics of Queen Mamohato Memorial hospital in Maseru, Lesotho...
May 17, 2018: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
Seungmi Park, Jung Lim Lee, Jang In Sun, Youngji Kim
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: If the knowledge and health beliefs relating to gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) during pregnancy are associated with behaviours during pregnancy and lactation, this suggests potential educational interventions. BACKGROUNDS: Women with GDM are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and babies with GDM incur increased risk of neonatal hypoglycaemia and childhood obesity. Breastfeeding is an effective way to improve maternal and lipid metabolism of gestational diabetes mothers, and to lower the risk of T2DM after birth, to prevent conception...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Alessandra Bettiol, Niccolò Lombardi, Ettore Marconi, Giada Crescioli, Roberto Bonaiuti, Valentina Maggini, Eugenia Gallo, Alessandro Mugelli, Fabio Firenzuoli, Claudia Ravaldi, Alfredo Vannacci
AIMS: Use of complementary and alternative medicines (CAMs) during breastfeeding is commonly increasing, mainly due to their presumed higher safety compared to conventional medications. Indeed, CAMs can cause serious adverse effects, and high-quality evidence supporting their use during lactation is limited. In Italy, specific investigations on the attitude of lactating women towards CAMs are lacking. The Herbal supplements in Breastfeeding InvesTigation (HaBIT) aimed to explore the attitudes and knowledge on CAMs among lactating women...
May 16, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Nouf M AlKusayer, William K Midodzi, Leigh Anne Newhook, Nicole Gill, Beth Halfyard, Laurie K Twells
BACKGROUND: The original 17-item Iowa Infant Feeding Attitude Scale (IIFAS) has been validated and widely used to assess attitudes toward breastfeeding. A reduced 13-item version of the IIFAS was recently validated in a Canadian setting. However, cutoff scores for categorization of infant feeding attitudes on both scales have not yet been established. Research Aim: The aim of this study was to determine optimal cut-ff scores predicting infant feeding attitudes and outcomes for the original and reduced IIFASs...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
Kidane Tadesse, Oksana Zelenko, Afework Mulugeta, Danielle Gallegos
Adequate support for lactating mothers is crucial to improve the rates of early initiation, exclusive, and continued breastfeeding. Maternal breastfeeding intention and ongoing breastfeeding duration are strongly predicted by their partners' breastfeeding beliefs. Partner support has a significant effect on improving rates of any and exclusive breastfeeding, when compared with professional support, particularly in low-income populations. This systematic review investigates the effectiveness of breastfeeding interventions targeting fathers in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC)...
May 8, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Laurence Spiesser-Robelet, Aurélie Maurice, Rémi Gagnayre
BACKGROUND: Taking medication during breastfeeding is often a major concern for mothers. Knowledge, representations, and attitudes condition a mother's behavior in this situation. Healthcare professionals, whose medication advice for breastfeeding women is often described in scientific literature as inappropriate, play a major role in counseling mothers. Healthcare professionals' perceptions of mothers' behaviors regarding medication use during breastfeeding may influence mothers' behaviors...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
Alison W Talbert, Benjamin Tsofa, Edward Mumbo, James A Berkley, Martha Mwangome
Background: The World Health Organization (WHO)/UNICEF Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative step number five of the "Ten steps to successful breastfeeding" states "Show mothers how to breastfeed and how to maintain lactation even if they should be separated from their infants." Urban mothers in Nairobi have low rates of exclusive breastfeeding after returning to work but there are no published data on rural Kenya mothers' infant feeding practices when working or schooling away from home...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
Marija Čatipović, Martina Marković, Josip Grgurić
BACKGROUND: Validating a questionnaire/instrument before proceeding to the field for data collection is important. METHODS: An 18-item breastfeeding intention, 39-item attitude and 44-item knowledge questionnaire was validated in a Croatian sample of secondary-school students ( N = 277). RESULTS: For the intentions, principal component analysis (PCA) yielded a four-factor solution with 8 items explaining 68.3% of the total variance. Cronbach’s alpha (0...
April 27, 2018: Children
María Del Carmen Suárez Cotelo, María Jesús Movilla-Fernández, Paula Pita-García, Silvia Novío
The Iowa Infant Feeding Attitude Scale (IIFAS) has been shown to have good psychometric properties for English-speaking populations, but it has not been validated among low-risk pregnant women in Spain. The aim of this study was to assess the reliability and validity of the translated version of the IIFAS in order to examine infant feeding attitudes in Spanish women with an uncomplicated pregnancy. Low-risk expectant women ( n = 297) were recruited from eight primary public health care centres in Galicia (Spain)...
April 22, 2018: Nutrients
Zhihong Zhang, Yu Zhu, Lijuan Zhang, Hongwei Wan
OBJECTIVE: The primary objective is to investigate the related factors of exclusive breastfeeding based on the theory of planned behaviour (TPB) and identify the most influencing factor in first-time mothers at 4 postnatal months. DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS: A cross-sectional study was conducted and 400 first-time mothers at 4 months postnatal were approached. MEASUREMENTS: Data on mothers' breastfeeding knowledge, attitude, subjective norm and practice control were collected at 4 months postnatal based on the TPB...
April 10, 2018: Midwifery
Fatemeh Faridvand, Mojgan Mirghafourvand, Sakineh Mohammad-Alizadeh-Charandabi, Jamileh Malakouti
AIM: Studies have shown that breastfeeding has both short-term and long-term useful effects on mother's and newborn's health. This study was conducted with the aim of determining predictors of breastfeeding performance in women who were referred to health centres in Tabriz City, Iran, in 2014 to 2015. METHODS: This cross-sectional study cluster-sampled 220 breastfeeding women with infants aged 4 to 6 months. The Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale, the Iowa Infant Feeding Attitude Scale, the personal resource questionnaire-85, and a researcher-developed knowledge questionnaire were used to collect data...
April 20, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Practice
Khalil Ahmed, Muhammad Talha, Zainab Khalid, Mehvish Khurshid, Rizwan Ishtiaq
Objective Proper breastfeeding and weaning practices are effective ways of reducing childhood morbidity and mortality. This study aimed to find out breastfeeding and weaning practices among infants of six months to one year in urban slums of Bahawalpur city. By evaluating the knowledge and attitude of lactating mothers regarding their child feeding habits, modifications and specific interventions can be implemented to improve the breastfeeding and weaning practices of the area. Methods A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out in the Shahdrah slums of Bahawalpur City after getting approval from the institutional review board of Quaid-e-Azam Medical College, Bahawalpur...
February 13, 2018: Curēus
Yunshuang Rao, Xianglong Xu, Dengyuan Liu, Cesar Reis, Ian M Newman, Liqiang Qin, Manoj Sharma, Jun Shen, Yong Zhao
Background: Arthritis is a common disease in China, but few studies have been conducted to explore the associated health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and its influencing factors in Chongqing, China. This study aimed to explore the association of arthritis and HRQoL and probe factors affecting HRQoL among arthritis patients. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in Chongqing, China. A total of 1224 adults were included in the analysis. Medical Outcomes Study Short Form 36 Health Survey (SF-36) was used to measure HRQoL...
April 16, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Rachel F Rodgers, Jennifer L O'Flynn, Althea Bourdeau, Emily Zimmerman
BACKGROUND: The aim of the current study was to test a biopsychosocial model of body image, eating, and feeding attitudes among postpartum women. Specifically, the model predicted that desired weight-loss, depressive symptoms, and body surveillance would predict body dissatisfaction and appearance-related barriers to breastfeeding, which in turn would predict maternal disordered eating and breastfeeding self-efficacy. METHODS: Data from 151 women, mean age = 32...
April 9, 2018: Appetite
Nayanjot Kaur Rai, Tamanna Tiwari
Background: Early childhood caries (ECC) is one of the most prevalent and chronic conditions of childhood. Various factors including biological and dietary factors along with an overlay of parental social factors have been found to be associated with the progression of ECC. The objective of this systematic review is to synthesize available literature and to identify parent-level proximal and distal risk factors associated with the development of ECC in developing nations. Methods: Studies conducted in developing nations, published between 2005 and 2017 in English, that included children younger than 6 years and examined ECC were included...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
Carol L Wagner, Bruce W Hollis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2018: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
Sara S Oberhelman, Elizabeth W Cozine, Puja J Umaretiya, Julie A Maxson, Tom D Thacher
BACKGROUND: The American Academy of Pediatrics and the National Academy of Medicine recommend vitamin D supplementation for breastfeeding infants. However, compliance with this recommendation is poor. Maternal supplementation with vitamin D is a safe and effective alternative to achieving vitamin D sufficiency in breastfeeding infants, and mothers have indicated a preference for self-supplementation over infant supplementation. Research aim: We sought to explore Family Medicine clinicians' knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding vitamin D supplementation recommendations for breastfeeding dyads...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
Shu-Fei Yang, Virginia Schmied, Elaine Burns, Wendy Brodribb, Yenna Salamonson
BACKGROUND: The Australian Breastfeeding Knowledge and Attitude Questionnaire-Short Form (ABKAQ-SF) was designed to measure breastfeeding knowledge and attitudes of health professionals. To date, a Chinese version of the attitude component of the ABKAQ-SF (ABAQ) is not yet available and has not been cross-validated with nursing students. Research aims: This study aimed to examine (a) the psychometric properties of the ABAQ and (b) group differences and responsiveness of the revised 12-item ABAQ (ABAQ12) among nursing students in Taiwan...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
Marzieh Akbarzadeh, Sima Kiani Rad, Marzieh Moattari, Najaf Zare
Postpartum blues is a major risk factor for the incidence of postpartum depression and disruption of breastfeeding. This semi-experimental study investigated the effect of breastfeeding training based on the BASNEF model on severity of postpartum blues in 2012. Four educational sessions based on the BASNEF model were held separately for pregnant women and their mothers, mothers-in-law and spouses. The control group received routine care at the clinic. After delivery, women's knowledge of and attitude towards postpartum blues were evaluated using the Zung Self- Rating Depression Scale...
March 5, 2018: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
Kimberly N Doughty, Alayne G Ronnenberg, Katherine W Reeves, Jing Qian, Lindiwe Sibeko
OBJECTIVE: To identify differences in breastfeeding-related knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, and experiences between women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and women without GDM. DESIGN: Cross-sectional and prospective cohort study. SETTING: Secondary analysis of data from the U.S. Infant Feeding Practices Study II. PARTICIPANTS: Pregnant women with GDM (n = 195) and pregnant women without GDM (n = 2,815) were included in cross-sectional analyses...
May 2018: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
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