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Breastfeeding Attitudes

Marzieh Akbarzadeh, Sima Kiani Rad, Marzieh Moattari, Najaf Zare
Postpartum blues is a major risk factor for the incidence of postpartum depression and disruption of breastfeeding. This semi-experimental study investigated the effect of breastfeeding training based on the BASNEF model on severity of postpartum blues in 2012. Four educational sessions based on the BASNEF model were held separately for pregnant women and their mothers, mothers-in-law and spouses. The control group received routine care at the clinic. After delivery, women's knowledge of and attitude towards postpartum blues were evaluated using the Zung Self- Rating Depression Scale...
March 5, 2018: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
Kimberly N Doughty, Alayne G Ronnenberg, Katherine W Reeves, Jing Qian, Lindiwe Sibeko
OBJECTIVE: To identify differences in breastfeeding-related knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, and experiences between women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and women without GDM. DESIGN: Cross-sectional and prospective cohort study. SETTING: Secondary analysis of data from the U.S. Infant Feeding Practices Study II. PARTICIPANTS: Pregnant women with GDM (n = 195) and pregnant women without GDM (n = 2,815) were included in cross-sectional analyses...
March 3, 2018: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
Mahat Jimale Mohamed, Sophie Ochola, Victor O Owino
Background: Exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) is recommended for 6 months of age, with continued breastfeeding for 2 years of age or beyond. There is paucity of information on the disparity in Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices (KAP) on EBF between primiparous and multiparous mothers. This study compared the KAP on EBF between primiparous and multiparous mothers attending Wajir County Hospital, Wajir County, Kenya and investigated the association between maternal knowledge and attitudes and EBF...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
Thomas Senghore, Tobiloba Alex Omotosho, Omar Ceesay, Daisy Clara H Williams
Background: Despite consistent evidence showing the importance of exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) for six months, it remains a sub-optimal practice in The Gambia. This study aimed at investigating the determinants of EBF knowledge and intention to or practice of EBF. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 334 women receiving care at the Edward Francis Small Teaching Hospital (EFSTH) from December 2015 to February 2016. Using a structured interviewer-administered questionnaire, knowledge on EBF was determined and scored...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
Orit Holtzman, Tim Usherwood
The aim of this study was to explore the knowledge, attitudes and practices of established general practitioners (GPs) in relation to breastfeeding. 10 GPs in the Australian Nepean Blue Mountains Health District were interviewed and the interviews transcribed and analyzed thematically. Emergent themes from each interview were identified and then compared between and across the 10 interviews. Five themes emerged following the analysis: breastfeeding knowledge and training; attitudes towards breastfeeding; GPs' role in relation to breast feeding; GPs' practices; influence of male gender...
2018: PloS One
Jill Demirci, Erin Caplan, Beverly Brozanski, Debra Bogen
OBJECTIVE: To describe the experience of breastfeeding (inclusive of breast milk expression/pumping, provision of breast milk via devices, and at-breastfeeding) among mothers of newborns with complex congenital surgical anomalies and the contexts under which pro-breastfeeding behaviors and attitudes are facilitated or compromised. STUDY DESIGN: We used qualitative description to analyze 23 interviews conducted with 15 mothers of newborns undergoing surgery for gastrointestinal, cardiac, or neural tube defects...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
Elizabeth A Johnson-Young
Breastfeeding is one of the top maternal priorities for many organizations, including the World Health Organization (WHO), The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), and the Center for Disease Control (CDC). Focusing on the goals of Healthy People 2020, as well as the recommendations of other organizations, this paper investigates the impacts on women's intentions to breastfeed newborns for 3 months, 6 months, and 1 year. This research used the theory of planned behavior (TPB) as a model to predict intentions for each duration of time...
February 27, 2018: Health Communication
Shu-Fei Yang, Yenna Salamonson, Elaine Burns, Virginia Schmied
Background: Breastfeeding support from health professionals can be effective in influencing a mother's decision to initiate and maintain breastfeeding. However, health professionals, including nursing students, do not always receive adequate breastfeeding education during their foundational education programme to effectively help mothers. In this paper, we report on a systematic review of the literature that aimed to describe nursing and other health professional students' knowledge and attitudes towards breastfeeding, and examine educational interventions designed to increase breastfeeding knowledge and attitudes amongst health professional students...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
Katherine A Foss, Ken Blake
While it has been well established that breastfeeding provides the best nourishment for children, few women achieve the recommended breastfeeding duration. Negative media messages have been identified as one explanation for the lack of individual and public support for breastfeeding. This study explored the influence of media on the knowledge and attitudes of a nearly childless population to ascertain if and how entertainment media can positively impact perceptions of breastfeeding. Using cultivation and parasocial interaction, this research measured entertainment television's effect on breastfeeding attitudes using randomized-group experiments involving 375 students...
February 23, 2018: Health Communication
Molly R Rabinowitz, Laura R Kair, Heather L Sipsma, Carrie A Phillipi, Ilse A Larson
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding is fundamental to maternal and child health and is the most cost-effective intervention to reduce child mortality. Pasteurized human donor milk (HDM) is increasingly provided for term newborns requiring temporary supplementation. Few studies examine maternal perspectives on supplementation of term newborns. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted semistructured in-person interviews with mothers of term newborns (n = 24) during postpartum hospitalization...
February 13, 2018: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
Nerys Benfield, Felicia Hawkins, Laurie Ray, Andrea McGowan, Ketty Floyd, Dawn Africa, Myrta Barreto, Erika Levi
OBJECTIVES: Nurses play an integral role in intrapartum and postpartum patient education. This exploratory study aims to assess the attitudes, knowledge, and practices of labor and delivery and postpartum nurses regarding contraception, and evaluate for changes in these measures one year after an institutional initiative allowing routine availability of immediate postpartum long-acting reversible contraception (LARC). STUDY DESIGN: In 2014 Montefiore Medical Center began to routinely offer comprehensive immediate postpartum contraception...
February 8, 2018: Contraception
Christine Y K Lau, Kris Y W Lok, Marie Tarrant
Introduction Numerous studies have shown that the constructs of the Theory of Reasoned Action (TRA), Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) and Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy (BSE) Framework can effectively identify relationships between maternal psychosocial factors and breastfeeding initiation. However, the ability of these theories to predict breastfeeding duration has not been adequately analyzed. The aim of the review was to examine the utility of the constructs of TRA/TPB and BSE to predict breastfeeding duration...
February 9, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Ellinor Olander, Rose Coates, Judy Brook, Susan Ayers, Debra Salmon
This multi-method evaluation assessed the perceived impact of interprofessional workshops targeting enhanced collaboration between healthcare professionals who care for women during and after pregnancy. Current policy recommends partnership working to improve care for women and babies, however, there is little interprofessional education in this area. Five one-day workshops were delivered to 18 healthcare professionals (47.4% of the 38 healthcare professionals registered). The workshop was evaluated through questionnaires before and after the workshop measuring attitudes and willingness towards collaboration; observations of the workshops by a researcher and follow-up interviews 2 months' post-workshop to explore changes in practice...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Interprofessional Care
Sonya MacVicar, Tracy Humphrey, Katrina E Forbes-McKay
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding rates are typically low for women with a substance-use disorder. This is despite the specific benefits of breastfeeding to alleviate the severity of neonatal abstinence syndrome and the well-documented generic advantages. This study explored the feasibility of in-hospital, tailored breastfeeding support for the substance-exposed mother and baby. METHODS: This was a mixed-methods feasibility study undertaken in Scotland from April 2014 to May 2015...
February 7, 2018: Birth
Sunil Jain, R K Thapar, R K Gupta
Background: Knowing current trends for timely comprehensive action for health promotion practices is an important prerequisite for medical practitioners and policy makers. Methods: A survey of mothers at a Tertiary Care Hospital in central India. Results: On the knowledge front >83.75% of the mothers studied showed good knowledge about breastfeeding and complementary feeding. Similar, but not as encouraging, were the results about attitude, with 76...
January 2018: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
Luke Hounsome, Sally Dowling
Background: Although breastfeeding is widely acknowledged as the normal method of infant feeding, there are large variations in rates of initiation and duration. Several factors are linked to the likelihood of breastfeeding initiation, including the influence and opinion of the child's father. There is limited research into men's perception of their influence, or if they feel it appropriate to be involved in deciding how to feed their children. The aim of this study was to investigate, using a qualitative methodology, fathers' perceptions of their influence on the decision to feed their child breastmilk or formula...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
Caroline W Wainaina, Milka Wanjohi, Frederick Wekesah, Gillian Woolhead, Elizabeth Kimani-Murage
Objectives To establish exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) practice, women are encouraged to initiate breastfeeding of their newborns within one hour of delivery and breastfeed exclusively for the first 6 months of the infant's life. Research in Kenya has shown evidence of a reduced rate of EBF with an increase in socio-economic class (SES). This study explores the experiences of middle-income women so as to understand their attitudes and practices of EBF and to contribute toward the Baby Friendly Hospital (BFHI) and Baby Friendly Community Initiatives (BFCI) programs in Kenya...
January 18, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Ana Cristina Lindsay, Qun Le, Mary L Greaney
Chinese are a fast-growing immigrant population group in several parts of the world (e.g., Australia, Canada, Europe, Southeast Asia, United States). Research evidence suggests that compared to non-Hispanic whites, individuals of Asian-origin including Chinese are at higher risk of developing cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes at a lower body mass index (BMI). These risks may be possibly due to genetic differences in body composition and metabolic responses. Despite the increasing numbers of Chinese children growing up in immigrant families and the increasing prevalence of obesity among Chinese, little research has been focused on children of Chinese immigrant families...
December 23, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Samira Sami, Kate Kerber, Barbara Tomczyk, Ribka Amsalu, Debra Jackson, Elaine Scudder, Alexander Dimiti, Janet Meyers, Kemish Kenneth, Solomon Kenyi, Caitlin E Kennedy, Kweku Ackom, Luke C Mullany
Highest rates of neonatal mortality occur in countries that have recently experienced conflict. International Medical Corps implemented a package of newborn interventions in June 2016, based on the Newborn health in humanitarian settings: field guide, targeting community- and facility-based health workers in displaced person camps in South Sudan. We describe health workers' knowledge and attitudes toward newborn health interventions, before and after receiving clinical training and supplies, and recommend dissemination strategies for improved uptake of newborn guidelines during crises...
November 2017: Reproductive Health Matters
Sarah BouDiab, Carolina Werle
This exploratory qualitative study examined the influence of injunctive and descriptive norms on breastfeeding, a health-improving behaviour related to a highly committed personal decision. The research explores the different mechanisms through which social norms impact breastfeeding behaviour pre or post-adoption of breastfeeding practice. A qualitative approach was used by performing in-depth analysis of cross-sectional accounts of women in Lebanon contemplating adoption of breastfeeding practice and women who already breastfed...
April 1, 2018: Appetite
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