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Breastfeeding Attitudes

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418805/public-attitudes-toward-breastfeeding-in-public-places-in-ottawa-canada
#1
Katherine Russell, Amira Ali
BACKGROUND: In Ontario, Canada, breastfeeding in public is a protected right, yet even with these laws, attitudes toward breastfeeding in public can serve as a barrier to breastfeeding. Research aim: This study assesses public support for breastfeeding in public among adults in Ottawa, Ontario, and examines sociodemographic associations with negative attitudes toward public breastfeeding. METHODS: Data from the 2015 Rapid Risk Factor Surveillance System (RRFSS), a population health telephone survey, were obtained for Ottawa...
May 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418804/determinants-of-nonmedically-indicated-in-hospital-supplementation-of-infants-whose-birthing-parents-intended-to-exclusively-breastfeed
#2
Julia Temple Newhook, Leigh Anne Newhook, William K Midodzi, Janet Murphy Goodridge, Lorraine Burrage, Nicole Gill, Beth Halfyard, Laurie Twells
BACKGROUND: Despite high rates of intention to exclusively breastfeed, rates of exclusive breastfeeding in Canada are low. Supplementation may begin in hospital and is associated with reduced breastfeeding duration. Research aim: The aim of this investigation was to explore determinants of in-hospital nonmedically indicated supplementation of infants whose birthing parents intended to exclusively breastfeed. METHODS: This study is a cross-sectional one-group nonexperimental design, focused on participants who intended to exclusively breastfeed for 6 months ( n = 496)...
May 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418803/an-ecological-momentary-assessment-of-primiparous-women-s-breastfeeding-behavior-and-problems-from-birth-to-8-weeks
#3
Jill R Demirci, Debra L Bogen
BACKGROUND: Primiparous women are at risk for early, unintended breastfeeding reduction and cessation. Breastfeeding patterns that contribute to these outcomes require further exploration. Research aim: This study aimed to describe early, "real-time" breastfeeding behaviors and perceived problems of primiparous women. METHODS: First-time mothers intending to exclusively breastfeed downloaded a commercial infant-feeding app during their postpartum hospitalization...
May 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406929/hiv-aids-knowledge-attitudes-and-behaviour-of-persons-with-and-without-disabilities-from-the-uganda-demographic-and-health-survey-2011-differential-access-to-hiv-aids-information-and-services
#4
Julie Abimanyi-Ochom, Hasheem Mannan, Nora Ellen Groce, Joanne McVeigh
Uganda is among the first to use the Washington Group Short Set of Questions on Disability to identify persons with disabilities in its Demographic and Health Survey. In this paper, we review the HIV Knowledge, Attitudes and Behaviour component of the 2011 Ugandan Demographic and Health Survey, analysing a series of questions comparing those with and without disabilities in relation to HIV/AIDS knowledge, attitudes and practices. We found comparable levels of knowledge on HIV/AIDS for those with and those without disabilities in relation to HIV transmission during delivery (93...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389170/women-s-experiences-of-and-attitudes-to-maternity-education-across-the-perinatal-period-in-victoria-australia-a-mixed-methods-approach
#5
Melissa Buultjens, Gregory Murphy, Priscilla Robinson, Jeannette Milgrom, Melissa Monfries
BACKGROUND: While the provision of maternity education across the perinatal period can increase the confidence and self-efficacy in childbearing women, there is still thought to be a lack of effective educational resources for parenthood. This study, conducted in Victoria, Australia, investigated women's experiences of, and attitudes to education communicated in maternity service provision. METHODS: 189 women were recruited from a variety of settings to participate in a mixed-methods survey about their experiences of perinatal health service education...
April 4, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358624/understanding-antiretroviral-treatment-adherence-among-hiv-positive-women-at-four-postpartum-time-intervals-qualitative-results-from-the-kabeho-study-in-rwanda
#6
Michelle M Gill, Aline Umutoni, Heather J Hoffman, Dieudonne Ndatimana, Gilles F Ndayisaba, Solange Kibitenga, Placidie Mugwaneza, Anita Asiimwe, Emily A Bobrow
As lifelong antiretroviral therapy (ART) for pregnant women is implemented, it is important to understand the attitudes and norms affecting women's postpartum ART adherence. This is a qualitative cross-sectional study of HIV-positive postpartum women (n = 112) enrolled in a 2-year observational prospective cohort in Rwanda. Informed by the Theory of Reasoned Action (TRA), we conducted in-depth interviews with women whose children were 0-6, 7-12, 13-18, or 21-24 months of age to describe factors contributing to adherence and changes over time...
March 30, 2017: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319813/the-clinical-implications-of-legalizing-marijuana-are-physician-and-non-physician-providers-prepared
#7
Elizabeth Brooks, Doris C Gundersen, Erin Flynn, Ashley Brooks-Russell, Sheana Bull
INTRODUCTION: Passage of voter-driven marijuana reform laws signals a shift in public attitudes for marijuana use. For providers, legalization may necessitate practice modifications, particularly regarding patient-provider conversations about use and risk. We examined healthcare providers' knowledge of marijuana laws and health implications, professional practice behaviors, and attitudes about training. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We surveyed 114 Colorado-based providers who care for children, adolescents, pregnant and breastfeeding women using a Venue-Day-Time survey methodology throughout Colorado...
March 10, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304316/perspectives-and-attitudes-of-pediatricians-concerning-post-discharge-care-practice-of-premature-infants
#8
A Gad, E Parkinson, N Khawar, A Elmeki, P Narula, D Hoang
OBJECTIVE: Survival rates of premature infants are at a historical high and increasingly more pediatricians are caring for former premature infants. The goal of this study was to describe the perspectives and attitudes of pediatricians, as well as, the challenges of rendering post-neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) discharge care for premature infants. METHODS: An anonymous 22-question web-based survey was emailed to pediatricians who are current members of the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) and practicing in Kings County, New York...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280392/maternal-experiences-with-and-sources-of-information-on-galactagogues-to-support-lactation-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Alessandra N Bazzano, Lauren Cenac, Amelia J Brandt, Josephine Barnett, Shelley Thibeau, Katherine P Theall
An increase in the marketing and use of herbal galactagogues among breastfeeding mothers in the US has raised the issue of how best to provide support and information on the use of these products, particularly in light of limited availability of certified lactation counselors and continued suboptimal rates of breastfeeding globally. Currently, no cross-sectional data are available on the experiences and attitudes of mothers regarding the use of herbal and pharmaceutical galactagogues for lactation in the US...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203331/mothers-attitudes-toward-feeding-twin-babies-in-the-first-six-months-of-life-a-sample-from-sakarya-turkey
#10
Nursan Cinar, Dilek Kose, Muge Alvur, Ozlem Dogu
BACKGROUND: It is stated in the literature that a mother's breast milk is sufficient for more than one baby. OBJECTIVES: This descriptive study aimed to determine whether twin babies are breastfed during their first six months of life. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We studied the twin birth cases in a state hospital in Sakarya, Turkey between October 2011 and March 2013. The population of the study consisted of entire mothers who had delivered twins in the maternity ward of the hospital...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144992/facilitating-and-inhibiting-factors-in-transition-to-parenthood-ways-in-which-health-professionals-can-support-parents
#11
Mia Barimani, Anna Vikström, Michael Rosander, Karin Forslund Frykedal, Anita Berlin
BACKGROUND: The transition to parenthood is an overwhelming life event. From a theoretical perspective, transition to parenthood is a developmental transition that contains certain phases and patterns. AIM: This study aim was twofold (i) discover, describe and comprehend transitional conditions that parents perceive as facilitating and inhibiting during transition to parenthood and to (ii) use that knowledge to develop recommendations for professional interventions that support and facilitate transition to parenthood...
January 31, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135485/breastfeeding-exposure-attitudes-and-intentions-of-african-american-and-caucasian-college-students
#12
Urmeka T Jefferson
BACKGROUND: African American mothers lag behind in breastfeeding initiation. Research is needed to gain an understanding of potential reasons for breastfeeding disparities. Research aim: This study explored breastfeeding exposure, attitudes, and intentions of African American and Caucasian college students by race and gender. METHODS: Women and men (696) attending college, who were younger than 45 years and without children, were included in this study. Survey data were collected using a demographic questionnaire and the Iowa Infant Feeding Attitude Scale...
February 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135478/likelihood-of-breastfeeding-within-the-usda-s-food-and-nutrition-service-special-supplemental-nutrition-program-for-women-infants-and-children-population
#13
Bailey Houghtaling, Carmen Byker Shanks, Mica Jenkins
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding is an important public health initiative. Low-income women benefiting from the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Food and Nutrition Service Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) are a prime population for breastfeeding promotion efforts. Research aim: This study aims to determine factors associated with increased likelihood of breastfeeding for WIC participants. METHODS: The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis statement guided the systematic review of literature...
February 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135475/effect-of-the-knowledge-and-attitudes-of-a-support-person-on-maternal-feeding-choice
#14
Courtney Thomas, Mary Ann O'Riordan, Lydia Furman
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding rates among urban, low-income populations are lower than the national average, and social support can affect breastfeeding initiation and duration both positively and negatively. Research aim: This study aimed to determine the effect of the presence of a support person and breastfeeding knowledge and attitudes of that person on a mother's feeding choice and perceived level of support for her choice. METHODS: Questionnaires were administered to 192 mothers receiving care for their infants in the Pediatric Practice at University Hospitals Rainbow Babies and Children's Hospital in Cleveland, Ohio, along with 74 adults accompanying these mothers...
February 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135474/a-critical-review-of-instruments-measuring-breastfeeding-attitudes-knowledge-and-social-support
#15
Corrine S Casal, Ann Lei, Sera L Young, Emily L Tuthill
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding provides beneficial health outcomes for infants and their mothers, and increasing its practice is a national priority in many countries. Despite increasing support to exclusively breastfeed, the prevalence at 6 months remains low. Breastfeeding behavior is influenced by a myriad of determinants, including breastfeeding attitudes, knowledge, and social support. Effective measurement of these determinants is critical to provide optimal support for women throughout the breastfeeding period...
February 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099043/validation-of-the-arabic-version-of-the-infant-feeding-intentions-scale-among-lebanese-women
#16
Nadine Yehya, Hani Tamim, Lama Shamsedine, Soumaya Ayash, Lama Abdel Khalek, Amanda Abou Ezzi, Mona Nabulsi
BACKGROUND: The Infant Feeding Intentions (IFI) scale was shown to reliably measure maternal intentions to initiate breastfeeding and continue exclusive breastfeeding until 1, 3, or 6 months in English and Spanish but not in Arab contexts. Research aim: This study aimed to validate an Arabic version of the IFI scale (IFI-A) and examine its ability to predict exclusive breastfeeding at 1, 3, or 6 months in pregnant Lebanese women. METHODS: The internal consistency reliability and construct validity of the IFI-A scale were tested on 50 pregnant women (Group 1), whereas its predictive ability was tested on 196 pregnant women (Group 2), who were surveyed monthly about their infants' nutrition method until 6 months...
May 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090399/breastfeeding-in-samoa-a-study-to-explore-women-s-knowledge-and-the-factors-which-influence-infant-feeding-practices
#17
Lucy E Archer, Thomas F Dunne, Lauren J Lock, Lucy A Price, Zubair Ahmed
A decline in breastfeeding rates in Samoa has been reported over the last century. To assess the length of time women breastfeed, their knowledge of both the advantages of and recommendations for breastfeeding, and the factors that influence their decisions to continue or discontinue breastfeeding, a questionnaire was distributed at Tupua Tamasese Meaole Hospital. One hundred and twenty-one eligible participants were included aged 18-50 years (mean age 28.2). Ninety percent of participants initiated breastfeeding, and the majority (78%) of babies were exclusively breastfed for at least the recommended 6 months...
January 2017: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078789/-breastfeeding-without-baby-a-longitudinal-qualitative-investigation-of-how-mothers-perceive-feel-about-and-practice-human-milk-expression
#18
Julia P Felice, Sheela R Geraghty, Caroline W Quaglieri, Rei Yamada, Adriana J Wong, Kathleen M Rasmussen
Most American mothers who produce human milk (HM) now pump in place of some or all feeding at the breast, and most American infants are now fed pumped HM. We aimed to investigate mothers' perceptions of, attitudes toward, and practices for pumping and providing pumped HM. Results related to pumping are reported here. We conducted in-depth, semi-structured interviews among a diverse sample of 20 mothers who pumped, following each from pregnancy through infant HM-feeding cessation up to 1 year postpartum. Data were analyzed using thematic analysis with Atlas...
January 12, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061143/perceptions-of-public-breastfeeding-images-and-their-association-with-breastfeeding-knowledge-and-attitudes-among-an-internet-panel-of-men-ages-21-44-in-the-united-states
#19
Brianna M Magnusson, Callie R Thackeray, Sarah A Van Wagenen, Siena F Davis, Rickelle Richards, Ray M Merrill
BACKGROUND: Men's attitudes toward public breastfeeding may influence a woman's decisions about breastfeeding and her perceived comfort with public breastfeeding. Research aim: This study aimed to evaluate factors associated with men's visual perception of images of public breastfeeding. METHODS: A 95-item online survey was administered to 502 U.S. men ages 21 to 44. Respondents were presented with four images of women breastfeeding and asked to evaluate agreement with 15 adjectives describing each image...
February 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058240/factors-influencing-exclusive-breastfeeding-among-iranian-mothers-a-longitudinal-population-based-study
#20
Mohsen Saffari, Amir H Pakpour, Hui Chen
Background: Exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) contributes to the health and survival of the newborns. Many factors influence the EBF behavior. This study aimed to identify the determinant factors in order to improve the practice of EBF among Iranian mothers. Methods: A longitudinal study was carried out in 1445 mothers with newborns in Qazvin city, Iran (September 2015-March 2016). Demographic variables as well as the constructs of theory of planned behavior (TBP) were measured by questionnaires. Bivariate analysis using Pearson and Spearman correlation tests with analysis of variance were used to investigate the associations among the variables...
2017: Health Promotion Perspectives
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