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Breastfeeding Attitudes

Mashael Alshebly, Badr Sobaih
The aim of the study was to explore the practice and attitudes of Saudi mothers towards breastfeeding. A cross-sectional survey done on a total of 517 Saudi mothers using a questionnaire inquiring about their demographic data, breastfeeding practice in the first 6 months after delivery and longer, different reasons for stopping breastfeeding. Furthermore, their impression on the relation between breastfeeding and breast cancer as well as prevention of infant's allergic and infectious diseases. Only 37.5% of the mothers practiced exclusive breastfeeding for 6 months...
2016: Sudan J Paediatr
Tran Huu Bich, Nguyen Manh Cuong
OBJECTIVES: To test the hypotheses of positive changes of fathers' knowledge, attitude and involvement in supporting exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) after receiving breastfeeding education materials and counseling services. METHODS: A quasi-experimental, pre-test-post-test, non-equivalent control group design was used. At baseline, 251 and 241 pregnant women and their husbands were enrolled into the intervention and control groups, respectively. The 1-year intervention targeting fathers included mass media, game show-style community events, group and individual counseling at health facilities and home visits...
September 1, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
Hani Tamim, Lilian A Ghandour, Lama Shamsedine, Lama Charafeddine, Fatima Nasser, Yvette Khalil, Mona Nabulsi
BACKGROUND: Valid instruments that can reliably assess maternal breastfeeding knowledge in Arabic-speaking populations are nonexistent. The availability of such an instrument is essential for investigators working in this field. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to describe the adaptation and validation of the Arabic Breastfeeding Knowledge Questionnaire (BFK-A) from the original 20-item English version. METHODS: A translated version of the 20-item BFK was validated among 417 Lebanese women after pilot testing for clarity, comprehension, length, and cultural appropriateness...
August 26, 2016: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
Nour A Al-Sawalha, Linda Tahaineh, Abeer Sawalha, Basima A Almomani
INTRODUCTION: A wealth of evidence reveals the benefits of breastfeeding. During the breastfeeding period, nursing mothers may face many medical conditions that require medical management. The medication use among breastfeeding women in Jordan is largely unknown. OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the beliefs and attitudes of breastfeeding women in Jordan toward medication use. METHODS: The data were collected from breastfeeding women in hospitals and maternal and children care centers from north, middle, and south Jordan by semistructured interviews using a self-administered questionnaire from February 2015 to November 2015...
September 2016: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
Rosa Tomás-Almarcha, Antonio Oliver-Roig, Miguel Richart-Martinez
OBJECTIVE: To translate the Iowa Infant Feeding Scale (IIFAS) into Spanish, to test its psychometric properties, and to explore item reduction for the Spanish version. DESIGN: Instrumental study. SETTING: Six hospitals in eastern Spain. PARTICIPANTS: A convenience sample of 1,354 pregnant women was recruited. METHODS: The IIFAS was translated using forward and back translation. Dimensional structure, internal consistency, and construct validity of the Spanish IIFAS version were assessed...
September 2016: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
Yeon K Bai, Lauren M Dinour, Gina A Pope
INTRODUCTION: The number of young mothers in the workforce and in schools of higher education has steadily increased. In order to maintain a breastfeeding relationship with their children, these mothers need to pump or express breast milk multiple times a day while at work or school. This study examines the factors associated with the intention to pump breast milk at one university campus. METHODS: Between January and February 2015, an online survey invitation was sent out to all female employees and students at one university...
August 10, 2016: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
Robert McKeever, Brooke W McKeever
Using a survey of mothers with young children (N = 455), this study applies Fishbein and Ajzen's reasoned action approach (RAA) to examine the relationship between online communication and infant feeding practices. Contrary to expectations, attitudes, perceived normative pressure, and perceived behavioral control (PBC) did not fully mediate the relationship between time spent online and behavioral intentions. Our findings indicate a significant, direct, negative association between time spent online and breastfeeding intentions In this article, theoretical and practical implications for health communication are discussed...
August 2, 2016: Health Communication
José Tomás Prieto, Clara Zuleta, Jorge Tulio Rodríguez
OBJECTIVE: To develop a descriptive model of structural characteristics of mHealth in the context of newborn nutrition, and to assess the effects of illustrative interventions through a mixed-methods study consisting of an impact evaluation and a qualitative assessment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a 23-week intervention with 100 mothers in rural Guatemala in 2013 and 2014. In group 1 (n = 24), participants received health-promoting text messages. In group 2 (n = 32), peer-to-peer groups were formed...
July 29, 2016: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
Julie L Ware, Fawaz Mzayek, Marian Levy
Breastfeeding is well accepted as the optimal nutrition for babies. The American Academy of Pediatrics states that infant feeding should no longer be thought of as a lifestyle choice, but rather as a public health issue. In Shelby County, Tennessee, rates of breastfeeding continue to be disparately low. To address this public health problem, a focus group study was conducted with the Shelby County population least likely to breastfeed. Following participants' suggestion to use a billboard campaign with pictures of local mothers and families, one highway billboard and ten bus stop signs were placed around the city in areas of the lowest breastfeeding rates...
September 2016: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
Angela M Johnson, Rosalind Kirk, Alfreda Jordan Rooks, Maria Muzik
Objectives To explore African American women's breastfeeding thoughts, attitudes, and experiences with healthcare professionals and subsequent influences on their breastfeeding interest and behavior. Insight was also sought about the most effective practices to provide breastfeeding support to African American women. Methods Thirty-eight pregnant or lactating African American women and racially diverse health professionals were recruited and participated in one of six membership specific focus groups in the metro Detroit area...
July 23, 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Laurence Spiesser-Robelet, Rémi Gagnayre
This commentary follows the article of Moni R. Saha and her co-authors, entitled "Postpartum women's use of medicines and breastfeeding practices: a systematic review." As highlighted in this systematic review, medication use is common during the postpartum period often creating difficulty for mothers. Several studies illustrate the negative impact medication has on breastfeeding, initiation and duration despite reassuring advice from health professionals. Current data only describe the use of medication and behavior adopted by mothers when medication is prescribed...
2016: International Breastfeeding Journal
Jill R Demirci, Debra L Bogen
Ecological momentary assessment (EMA) is a novel data collection method that samples subject experiences in real-time - minimizing recall bias. Here, we describe the feasibility of EMA to track breastfeeding behaviour through a mobile phone app. During their birth hospitalization, we approached healthy, first-time mothers intending to exclusively breastfeed for at least 2 months to participate in a study tracking breastfeeding through 8 weeks postpartum. Participants downloaded a commercially available smartphone app, entered information and thoughts about breastfeeding as they occurred, and emailed this data weekly...
July 14, 2016: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Method Kazaura
BACKGROUND: Although breastfeeding in general is common and culturally accepted in many sub-Saharan countries, recommended exclusive breastfeeding infants to 6 months is rare. In rural Tanzania, data on infant feeding practices is rare. OBJECTIVE: To examine and describe exclusive breastfeeding practices in rural settings (Coast Region) of Tanzania. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Coast Region of Tanzania involving 342 mothers...
March 2016: African Health Sciences
Camille Fabiyi, Nadine Peacock, Jennifer Hebert-Beirne, Arden Handler
Objective To explore nativity differences and the role of attitudes, social norms, and behavioral control perceptions surrounding breastfeeding initiation and duration among middle-class African-American (AA) and African-born (AB) mothers in the US. Methods Semi-structured individual interviews were conducted with 20 middle-class AA and AB mothers in central Ohio from December 2012 to February 2013. Interview questions were developed based on the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB). Interviews were analyzed for salient themes by TPB constructs...
October 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
P Mech, M Hooley, H Skouteris, J Williams
BACKGROUND: Low socio-economic status (SES) is a significant risk factor for childhood overweight and obesity (COWOB) in high-income countries. Parents to young children buffer and accentuate social and cultural influences, and are central to the development of this disease. An understanding of the parent-related mechanisms that underlie the SES-COWOB relationship is needed to improve the efficacy of prevention and intervention efforts. OBJECTIVE: A systematic review of relevant literature was conducted to investigate the mechanisms by which levels of SES (low, middle and high) are associated to COWOB, by exploring mediation and interaction effects...
September 2016: Child: Care, Health and Development
Deirdre Desmond, Sarah Meaney
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends that mothers exclusively breastfeed for the first 6 months of an infant's life. In Ireland, currently paid maternity leave is 26 weeks and the expectant mother is required by law to finish work 2 weeks before her expected delivery date. Mothers wishing to exclusively breastfeed for 6 months or longer find themselves having to take holiday leave or unpaid leave from work in order to meet the WHO's guidelines. The aim of this study is to explore women's experiences of breastfeeding after their return to work in Ireland...
2016: International Breastfeeding Journal
Ary I Savitri, Nikmah S Idris, Wahyuni Indawati, Siti Rizny F Saldi, Dwirani Amelia, Mohammad Baharuddin, Sudigdo Sastroasmoro, Diederick E Grobbee, Cuno S P M Uiterwaal
BACKGROUND: A growing body of evidence shows the short-term benefits of breastfeeding, which include protection against infections, allergies, and lung diseases. However, evidence on the long-term benefits of breastfeeding is scarce and often conflicting. The BReastfeeding Attitude and Volume Optimization (BRAVO) trial is designed to study the effect of breastfeeding on early signs of later chronic diseases, particularly cardiovascular, respiratory, and metabolic risks later in life. In addition, the effectiveness of breastfeeding empowerment in promoting breastfeeding will also be evaluated...
2016: Trials
Linda Murray, Simplicia Maria Anggrahini, Rahel Rara Woda, Jennifer E Ayton, Sean Beggs
BACKGROUND: The eastern Indonesian province of Nusa Tenggara Timur (NTT) has an infant mortality rate of 45 per 1000, higher than the national average (28/1000). Exclusive breastfeeding, important for improving newborn and infant survival, is encouraged among hospitalized infants in Kupang, the provincial capital of NTT. However, barriers to hospitalized infants receiving breast milk may exist. OBJECTIVES: This study explored the barriers and enablers to exclusive breastfeeding among sick and low birth weight hospitalized infants in Kupang, NTT...
August 2016: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
Victor Mogre, Michael Dery, Patience K Gaa
BACKGROUND: The practice of exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) is influenced by maternal knowledge and attitudes as well as socio-demographic and cultural factors. This study assessed knowledge, attitudes and practice of EBF among rural lactating mothers with infants aged 0-6 months. Factors associated to the practice of EBF were also investigated. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 190 rural lactating mothers with infants aged 0-6 months seeking postnatal care at a health centre in Ghana...
2016: International Breastfeeding Journal
Anna Zamora-Kapoor, Ka'imi Sinclair
This study aims to examine the relationship between infant-feeding practices and American Indian infants' gut microbiome--laying the foundation of a research program aimed at identifying potential aetiologies of childhood obesity in this population. Previous studies have emphasised the high prevalence of obesity in American Indian infants, but its underlying causes remain unclear. We received funding from the University of Washington to examine attitudes towards breastfeeding and formula feeding in American Indian mothers, their dietary and physical activity habits and the yield, quality and diversity of their infants' gut microbiome...
March 2016: Breastfeeding Review: Professional Publication of the Nursing Mothers' Association of Australia
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