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Breastfeeding Attitudes

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624292/the-use-of-non-prescription-medicines-during-lactation-a-qualitative-study-of-community-pharmacists-attitudes-and-perspectives
#1
Tin Fei Sim, H Laetitia Hattingh, Jillian Sherriff, Lisa B G Tee
BACKGROUND: Community pharmacists play a significant role in the provision of non-prescription medicines. There is evidence that women self-medicate and use non-prescription medicines whilst breastfeeding. Studies have demonstrated that breastfeeding women are likely to seek advice from pharmacists, presenting a unique opportunity for pharmacists to provide on-going support of these women especially in relation to the appropriate use of non-prescription medicines. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to explore community pharmacists' attitudes and perspectives towards the use of non-prescription medicines during breastfeeding...
June 10, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616364/recurrent-acute-otitis-media-what-are-the-options-for-treatment-and-prevention
#2
REVIEW
Anna Granath
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To survey current strategies for treatment and prevention of recurrent acute otitis media (rAOM). RECENT FINDINGS: Treatment with systemic antibiotics is required in recurrent episodes of acute otitis media. A cautious attitude is recommended due to antibiotic resistance. Antibiotics also provide effective prophylaxis for rAOM. Topical treatment with ear drops is recommended in rAOM with otorrhea from tympanostomy tubes. Pneumococcal conjugated vaccines seem to have a moderate reductive effect on overall otitis media...
2017: Current Otorhinolaryngology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609217/influence-of-islamic-traditions-on-breastfeeding-beliefs-and-practices-among-african-american-muslims-in-west-philadelphia-a-mixed-methods-study
#3
Camilia Kamoun, Diane Spatz
BACKGROUND: Little is known regarding the influence of religion on breastfeeding in African American communities. In particular, whether Islamic traditions influence breastfeeding beliefs and practices among African American Muslims has not been studied. Research aim: This study sought to gain understanding of breastfeeding attitudes, rates, and education among African American Muslims in West Philadelphia and to examine if engaging Islamic teachings in breastfeeding education can positively influence breastfeeding attitudes...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607658/exploring-perceptions-of-instructors-about-childbirth-preparation-training-courses-a-qualitative-study
#4
Marzieh Otogara, Akram Karimi-Shahanjarini, Seyed Mohammad Mehdi Hazavehei, Jalal Poorolajal, Nahid Radnia, Forouzan Akrami, Fahimeh Bagheri
BACKGROUND: Childbirth preparation training courses on maternal and neonatal health increase awareness, and capability of pregnant women in overcoming fear and anxiety and managing labor pains. OBJECTIVE: To identify the affecting factors and barriers of these courses from the perspective of their instructors. METHODS: This qualitative study of the content analysis type, has been conducted on 16 certified teachers of the training courses of the Hamadan city in 2015...
April 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602112/the-role-of-social-cognitive-and-emotional-factors-on-exclusive-breastfeeding-duration
#5
Lee Shepherd, Cherokee Walbey, Brian Lovell
BACKGROUND: Previous research has suggested that exclusive breastfeeding is likely to be predicted by social-cognitive variables and fear. However, there is little research assessing the role of regret and self-conscious emotions (e.g., pride and guilt) in promoting exclusive breastfeeding. Research aim: The primary aim of this research was to determine whether social-cognitive variables, fear, regret, and self-conscious emotions predict exclusive breastfeeding duration. The secondary aim of this research was to assess whether these factors predict infant-feeding choice (i...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595128/antenatal-psychological-and-socioeconomic-predictors-of-breastfeeding-in-a-large-community-sample
#6
Rita T Amiel Castro, Vivette Glover, Ulrike Ehlert, Thomas G O'Connor
BACKGROUND: Despite much work to publicise the benefits of breastfeeding most women do not persist for the first 6months, as recommended by the WHO. Successful breastfeeding for 6months may depend on several factors, including perinatal mental health. We aimed to investigate the impact of antenatal depressive symptoms, attitudes towards breastfeeding and socio-demographic factors in predicting breastfeeding for 6months in a large community sample. METHODS: The sample was based on the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (n=9479), a large-scale birth cohort...
July 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582630/attitudes-and-expectations-in-the-intergenerational-transmission-of-breastfeeding-a-phenomenological-study
#7
Rocío Rodriguez Vazquez, Marta Elena Losa-Iglesias, Inmaculada Corral-Liria, Raquel Jiménez-Fernández, Ricardo Becerro-de-Bengoa-Vallejo
BACKGROUND: The socially constructed meanings of breastfeeding that have been passed from generation to generation by grandmothers produce continuities and discontinuities in the practices of breastfeeding. Research aim: The aim of this study is to explore the objectives and positioning of women today with respect to their role as future grandmothers, based on their experiences with breastfeeding. That is, what role do future grandmothers wish to have in the lives of their breastfeeding daughters and grandchildren? METHODS: A qualitative study with interpretative phenomenological analysis was conducted based on the philosophy of Martin Heidegger, using a sample of unstructured interviews from 20 women in Madrid...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578686/challenges-and-opportunities-of-optimal-breastfeeding-in-the-context-of-hiv-option-b-guidelines
#8
Pamela Marinda, Nkandu Chibwe, Ernest Tambo, Sidney Lulanga, Christopher Khayeka-Wandabwa
BACKGROUND: In 2013, the World Health Organization released a new set of guidelines widely known as Option B+. Prior to that there were guidelines released in 2010. Option B+ recommends lifelong antiretroviral treatment for all pregnant and breastfeeding women living with Human Immunodeficiency Virus. The study aimed at investigating challenges and opportunities in implementing Infant and Young Child Feeding in the context of Prevention of Mother To Child Transmission (PMTCT) guidelines among HIV positive mothers of children aged 0-24 months...
June 2, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574762/body-image-eating-attitudes-and-breastfeeding-intention-implications-for-mental-health-and-maternal-child-nurses
#9
Karen Mancini
Body image dissatisfaction and disordered eating are often overlooked as personal factors that may affect pregnancy, postpartum, and infant feeding method. The current study compared body image, eating attitudes, and breastfeeding intention of first-time breastfeeding mothers to first-time non-breastfeeding mothers. A two-group, comparative design was used to analyze data for first-time mothers recruited through a large pediatric practice with multiple offices. Although there was no significant difference in body image scores between the groups, the literature suggests that body image dissatisfaction can affect the transition to motherhood and lead to more serious mental health issues...
June 2, 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494389/breastfeeding-support-and-opiate-dependence-a-think-aloud-study
#10
Sonya MacVicar, Tracy Humphrey, Katrina E Forbes-McKay
OBJECTIVE: international guidelines recommend the promotion and protection of breastfeeding for the substance exposed mother and baby. Yet few studies have explored the facilitators, moderators and barriers to successful breastfeeding for women enrolled on opiate maintenance treatment, or suggested targeted support strategies. The aim of this study was to explore the views of women with opiate dependence on proposed elements for inclusion in a breastfeeding support intervention. DESIGN: a qualitative study using think aloud technique...
April 27, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448858/the-development-and-piloting-of-an-ehealth-breastfeeding-resource-targeting-fathers-and-partners-as-co-parents
#11
Jennifer Abbass-Dick, Fangli Xie, Jaymie Koroluk, Shelley Alcock Brillinger, Joanne Huizinga, Amber Newport, William M Goodman, Cindy-Lee Dennis
OBJECTIVE: Traditionally breastfeeding education programs target mothers solely. The objective of this study was to design and pilot test an interactive eHealth breastfeeding co-parenting resource developed to target both mothers and fathers. eHealth resources provide an accessible and engaging format on which to educate parents and assist them in meeting their breastfeeding goals. Best practices to design such resources are not currently known. DESIGN: A three phase pilot study was conducted...
April 18, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440676/attitudes-of-chinese-adults-to-breastfeeding-in-public-a-web-based-survey
#12
Ya Zhao, Yan-Qiong Ouyang, Sharon R Redding
OBJECTIVE: To explore Chinese adults' perceptions and attitudes toward breastfeeding in public places. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a web-based survey including 10 items on breastfeeding participants (N = 2,021) who were recruited by convenience sampling. RESULTS: Almost 95% believed that public places should have lactation rooms, 86% thought it was acceptable for mothers to breastfeed in this location, and 65% of respondents agreed that it was acceptable for mothers to breastfeed in public...
June 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418805/public-attitudes-toward-breastfeeding-in-public-places-in-ottawa-canada
#13
Katherine Russell, Amira Ali
BACKGROUND: In Ontario, Canada, breastfeeding in public is a protected right, yet even with these laws, attitudes toward breastfeeding in public can serve as a barrier to breastfeeding. Research aim: This study assesses public support for breastfeeding in public among adults in Ottawa, Ontario, and examines sociodemographic associations with negative attitudes toward public breastfeeding. METHODS: Data from the 2015 Rapid Risk Factor Surveillance System (RRFSS), a population health telephone survey, were obtained for Ottawa...
May 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418804/determinants-of-nonmedically-indicated-in-hospital-supplementation-of-infants-whose-birthing-parents-intended-to-exclusively-breastfeed
#14
Julia Temple Newhook, Leigh Anne Newhook, William K Midodzi, Janet Murphy Goodridge, Lorraine Burrage, Nicole Gill, Beth Halfyard, Laurie Twells
BACKGROUND: Despite high rates of intention to exclusively breastfeed, rates of exclusive breastfeeding in Canada are low. Supplementation may begin in hospital and is associated with reduced breastfeeding duration. Research aim: The aim of this investigation was to explore determinants of in-hospital nonmedically indicated supplementation of infants whose birthing parents intended to exclusively breastfeed. METHODS: This study is a cross-sectional one-group nonexperimental design, focused on participants who intended to exclusively breastfeed for 6 months ( n = 496)...
May 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418803/an-ecological-momentary-assessment-of-primiparous-women-s-breastfeeding-behavior-and-problems-from-birth-to-8-weeks
#15
Jill R Demirci, Debra L Bogen
BACKGROUND: Primiparous women are at risk for early, unintended breastfeeding reduction and cessation. Breastfeeding patterns that contribute to these outcomes require further exploration. Research aim: This study aimed to describe early, "real-time" breastfeeding behaviors and perceived problems of primiparous women. METHODS: First-time mothers intending to exclusively breastfeed downloaded a commercial infant-feeding app during their postpartum hospitalization...
May 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406929/hiv-aids-knowledge-attitudes-and-behaviour-of-persons-with-and-without-disabilities-from-the-uganda-demographic-and-health-survey-2011-differential-access-to-hiv-aids-information-and-services
#16
Julie Abimanyi-Ochom, Hasheem Mannan, Nora Ellen Groce, Joanne McVeigh
Uganda is among the first to use the Washington Group Short Set of Questions on Disability to identify persons with disabilities in its Demographic and Health Survey. In this paper, we review the HIV Knowledge, Attitudes and Behaviour component of the 2011 Ugandan Demographic and Health Survey, analysing a series of questions comparing those with and without disabilities in relation to HIV/AIDS knowledge, attitudes and practices. We found comparable levels of knowledge on HIV/AIDS for those with and those without disabilities in relation to HIV transmission during delivery (93...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389170/women-s-experiences-of-and-attitudes-to-maternity-education-across-the-perinatal-period-in-victoria-australia-a-mixed-methods-approach
#17
Melissa Buultjens, Gregory Murphy, Priscilla Robinson, Jeannette Milgrom, Melissa Monfries
BACKGROUND: While the provision of maternity education across the perinatal period can increase the confidence and self-efficacy in childbearing women, there is still thought to be a lack of effective educational resources for parenthood. This study, conducted in Victoria, Australia, investigated women's experiences of, and attitudes to education communicated in maternity service provision. METHODS: 189 women were recruited from a variety of settings to participate in a mixed-methods survey about their experiences of perinatal health service education...
April 4, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358624/understanding-antiretroviral-treatment-adherence-among-hiv-positive-women-at-four-postpartum-time-intervals-qualitative-results-from-the-kabeho-study-in-rwanda
#18
Michelle M Gill, Aline Umutoni, Heather J Hoffman, Dieudonne Ndatimana, Gilles F Ndayisaba, Solange Kibitenga, Placidie Mugwaneza, Anita Asiimwe, Emily A Bobrow
As lifelong antiretroviral therapy (ART) for pregnant women is implemented, it is important to understand the attitudes and norms affecting women's postpartum ART adherence. This is a qualitative cross-sectional study of HIV-positive postpartum women (n = 112) enrolled in a 2-year observational prospective cohort in Rwanda. Informed by the Theory of Reasoned Action (TRA), we conducted in-depth interviews with women whose children were 0-6, 7-12, 13-18, or 21-24 months of age to describe factors contributing to adherence and changes over time...
April 2017: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319813/the-clinical-implications-of-legalizing-marijuana-are-physician-and-non-physician-providers-prepared
#19
Elizabeth Brooks, Doris C Gundersen, Erin Flynn, Ashley Brooks-Russell, Sheana Bull
INTRODUCTION: Passage of voter-driven marijuana reform laws signals a shift in public attitudes for marijuana use. For providers, legalization may necessitate practice modifications, particularly regarding patient-provider conversations about use and risk. We examined healthcare providers' knowledge of marijuana laws and health implications, professional practice behaviors, and attitudes about training. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We surveyed 114 Colorado-based providers who care for children, adolescents, pregnant and breastfeeding women using a Venue-Day-Time survey methodology throughout Colorado...
March 10, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304316/perspectives-and-attitudes-of-pediatricians-concerning-post-discharge-care-practice-of-premature-infants
#20
A Gad, E Parkinson, N Khawar, A Elmeki, P Narula, D Hoang
OBJECTIVE: Survival rates of premature infants are at a historical high and increasingly more pediatricians are caring for former premature infants. The goal of this study was to describe the perspectives and attitudes of pediatricians, as well as, the challenges of rendering post-neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) discharge care for premature infants. METHODS: An anonymous 22-question web-based survey was emailed to pediatricians who are current members of the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) and practicing in Kings County, New York...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
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