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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667641/-on-the-occasion-of-his-180th-birthday-anniversary-of-ivan-ivanovich-neiding
#1
Yu I Pigolkin, Yu V Lomakin, A V Khodulapov
This article is devoted to the life and professional activities of the internationally renowned forensic doctor Ivan Ivanovich Neiding who became widely known in the early youth as the discoverer of the microscopic diagnostic features of the constriction marks formed in association with hanging and strangulation. During more than 22 years (from 1878 till 1900), I.I. Neiding acted as the head of the Department of Forensic medicine at the Moscow University where a large number of investigations on forensic medical ballistics, toxicology, obstetric and gynecological expertise were carried out under his supervision...
2018: Sudebno-meditsinskaia Ekspertiza
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667541/does-suture-material-affect-uterine-scar-healing-after-cesarean-section-results-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Alper Başbuğ, Ozan Doğan, Aşkı Ellibeş Kaya, Çiğdem Pulatoğlu, Mete Çağlar
BACKGROUND: Impaired healing of the uterine scar after cesarean has been associated with adverse gynecological and obstetric outcomes. Although a large number of studies have been conducted on the events leading to this, information obtained from prospective randomized studies examining the role of suture material in the formation of cesarean scar defect (CSD) is lacking. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of synthetic suture materials on CSD formation. STUDY DESIGN: We performed a two-arm 1:1 randomized study in women with singleton pregnancies undergoing elective primary cesarean delivery after the 38th week of gestation...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664055/identification-of-potential-biomarkers-for-urine-metabolomics-of-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-based-on-gas-chromatography-mass-spectrometry
#3
Ying Zou, Fu-Fan Zhu, Chao-Ying Fang, Xi-Yue Xiong, Hong-Yun Li
Background: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a complex endocrine and metabolic disorder, and it's diagnosis is difficult. The aim of this study was to investigate the metabolic profiles of PCOS patients by analyzing urine samples and identify useful biomarkers for diagnosis of PCOS. Methods: This study was carried out in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology of the Maternal and Child Health Hospital of Hunan Province from December 2014 to July 2016. In this study, the urine samples of 21 women with PCOS and 16 healthy controls were assessed through gas chromatography-mass spectrometry to investigate the urine metabolite characteristics of PCOS and identify useful biomarkers for the diagnosis of this disorder...
April 20, 2018: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664053/labor-onset-oxytocin-use-and-epidural-anesthesia-for-vaginal-birth-after-cesarean-section-and-associated-effects-on-maternal-and-neonatal-outcomes-in-a-tertiary-hospital-in-china-a-retrospective-study
#4
Shao-Wen Wu, He Dian, Wei-Yuan Zhang
Background: In the mainland of China, the trial of labor after cesarean section is still a relatively new technique. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effects of labor onset, oxytocin use, and epidural anesthesia on maternal and neonatal outcomes for vaginal birth after cesarean section (VBAC) in a tertiary hospital in China. Methods: This was a retrospective study carried out on 212 VBAC cases between January 2015 and June 2017 in Beijing Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital, Capital Medical University...
April 20, 2018: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662719/the-importance-of-uterosacral-ligament-anatomy-in-overactive-bladder-a-preliminary-study
#5
Cevdet Adıgüzel, Esra Selver Saygılı Yılmaz, Sefa Arlıer, Sevtap Seyfettinoğlu, Gökhan Söker, Gülsüm Uysal, Oğuz Yücel, Akın Sivaslıoğlu
Objective: To evaluate whether uterosacral ligament (USL) thickness measured using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was associated with overactive bladder (OAB) in otherwise healthy women. Materials and Methods: The study comprised 27 women with OAB and 27 healthy women (control group) who were followed up at the Obstetrics and Gynecology Department of a tertiary referral center. All subjects were evaluated using pelvic MRI to determine the transverse USL thickness...
March 2018: Turkish Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662714/post-cesarean-scar-endometriosis
#6
Doğan Yıldırım, Cihad Tatar, Ozan Doğan, Adnan Hut, Turgut Dönmez, Muzaffer Akıncı, Mehmet Toptaş, Rahime Nida Bayık
Objective: Endometriosis is seen in women during their reproductive period, where stromal tissue and functional endometrial glands of the uterus are observed outside the uterine cavity. In this study, we aimed to identify the clinical characteristics of our patients who underwent surgery with scar endometriosis and to discuss the surgical results in light of the literature. Materials and Methods: A total of 24 patients who underwent surgery and diagnosed as having endometriosis as the result of a pathologic examination were retrospectively evaluated...
March 2018: Turkish Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662319/clinicopathological-characteristics-and-prognostic-value-of-the-cancer-stem-cell-marker-aldh1-in-ovarian-cancer-a-meta-analysis
#7
Wenge Zhao, Chuanxin Zang, Tingting Zhang, Jia Li, Ruijuan Liu, Fubin Feng, Qingliang Lv, Liang Zheng, Jinhui Tian, Changgang Sun
Background: The clinicopathological and prognostic values of the cancer stem cell marker aldehyde dehydrogenase 1 (ALDH1) in ovarian cancer (OC) remain unknown. The aim of our meta-analysis was to evaluate ALDH1's association with clinicopathological characteristics and its prognostic significance in patients with OC. Materials and methods: PubMed, Embase, and China Biology Medicine were systematically searched for eligible studies (up to October 2017). Pooled odds ratios (ORs) or hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% CIs were used to evaluate the association of ALDH1 expression with clinicopathological features and survival outcomes...
2018: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656512/procalcitonin-a-feasible-biomarker-for-severe-bacterial-infections-in-obstetrics-and-gynecology
#8
EDITORIAL
Benita Tujula, Hannu Kokki, Juha Räsänen, Merja Kokki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655963/abortion-training-in-us-obstetrics-and-gynecology-residency-programs
#9
Jody E Steinauer, Jema K Turk, Tali Pomerantz, Kristin Simonson, Lee A Learman, Uta Landy
BACKGROUND: Nearly 15 years ago, 51% of US obstetrics and gynecology residency training program directors reported that abortion training was routine, 39% reported training was optional, and 10% did not have training. The status of abortion training now is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To determine the current status of abortion training in obstetrics and gynecology residency programs. STUDY DESIGN: Through surveying program directors of US obstetrics and gynecology residency training programs, we conducted a cross-sectional study on the availability and characteristics of abortion training...
April 12, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653261/assessment-of-obstetric-and-gynecologic-fda-device-approvals-and-recalls
#10
Sheena Galhotra, Joseph Maurice
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and compare the recall rates of Obstetric and Gynecologic devices approved via the Food and Drug Administration's (FDA) 510(k) and Premarket Approval (PMA) processes DESIGN: Retrospective Observational Study (Canadian Task Force Classification II-2) SETTING: Clinical settings in the United States of America that use Obstetric and Gynecologic devices SUBJECTS: 2,249 FDA approved Obstetric and Gynecologic Devices that were recalled between November 1, 2002 and December 31, 2017...
April 10, 2018: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651359/preclinical-labor-and-delivery-shadowing-the-impact-on-medical-students-perceptions-of-obstetrics-and-gynecology
#11
Sarah Dotters-Katz, Alexis Panzer, Matthew Givens, Marcela Smid, Alice Chuang
Objective  We sought to determine the impact of preclinical exposure (shadowing) to labor and delivery (L&D) on medical students' perceptions of obstetrics and gynecology (OB/GYN). Study Design  We administered a written survey to rising third-year medical students at a single center prior to any clerkship. We described motivation/deterrents for shadowing among students, and experiences/perceptions of those students who shadowed. Results  In total, 119/136 (86%) students completed the survey. Of those, 29% participated in shadowing on L&D...
April 2018: American Journal of Perinatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650503/instructional-video-and-medical-student-surgical-knot-tying-proficiency-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Katarzyna Bochenska, Magdy P Milad, John Ol DeLancey, Christina Lewicky-Gaupp
BACKGROUND: Many senior medical students lack simple surgical and procedural skills such as knot tying. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine whether viewing a Web-based expert knot-tying training video, in addition to the standard third-year medical student curriculum, will result in more proficient surgical knot tying. METHODS: At the start of their obstetrics and gynecology clerkship, 45 students were videotaped tying surgical knots for 2 minutes using a board model...
April 12, 2018: JMIR Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644465/impact-of-one-to-one-tutoring-on-fundamentals-of-laparoscopic-surgery-fls-passing-rate-in-a-single-center-experience-outside-the-united-states-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Federico Gheza, Paolo Raimondi, Leonardo Solaini, Federico Coccolini, Gian Luca Baiocchi, Nazario Portolani, Guido Alberto Massimo Tiberio
BACKGROUND: Outside the US, FLS certification is not required and its teaching methods are not well standardized. Even if the FLS was designed as "stand alone" training system, most of Academic Institution offer support to residents during training. We present the first systematic application of FLS in Italy. Our aim was to evaluate the role of mentoring/coaching on FLS training in terms of the passing rate and global performance in the search for resource optimization. METHODS: Sixty residents in general surgery, obstetrics & gynecology, and urology were selected to be enrolled in a randomized controlled trial, practicing FLS with the goal of passing a simulated final exam...
April 11, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629924/thrombosis-in-obstetrics-and-gynecology
#14
Andra H James
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 6, 2018: Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620659/individualized-pelvic-lymphadenectomy-should-follow-neoadjuvant-concurrent-chemoradiotherapy-for-locally-advanced-cervical-cancer
#15
Li-Chun Wei, Xin Li, Ying Zhang, Yun-Zhi Dang, Wei-Wei Li, Jian-Ping Li, Li-Na Zhao, Shu-Juan Liu, Xia Li, Mei Shi
To study the outcomes following concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) and subsequent radical surgery for locally advanced cervical cancer (LACC), analyze the relationship between imaging-diagnosed and postoperative-diagnosed lymph node (LN) involvement, and identify patients who would benefit from individualized pelvic lymphadenectomy.We retrospectively reviewed records of 410 patients who underwent CCRT followed by radical surgery for International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics Stage Ib2-IIIb disease...
April 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620586/predictive-histologic-factors-in-carcinosarcomas-of-the-uterus-a-multiinstitutional-study
#16
Eman Abdulfatah, Leonardo Lordello, Muhammad Khurram, Koen Van de Vijver, Baraa Alosh, Sudeshna Bandyopadhyay, Esther Oliva, Rouba Ali-Fehmi
Uterine carcinosarcomas are rare aggressive biphasic neoplasms. Because of its rarity, limited data are available on potential prognostic parameters. While several studies support that carcinomatous components predict outcomes, others do not. In this study, we evaluated the clinical and histopathologic features of 196 uterine carcinosarcomas to identify potential prognostic factors. Patients' ages ranged from 34 to 95 yr (median, 68 yr). Seventy-three (38%) patients experienced tumor recurrence during follow-up...
April 3, 2018: International Journal of Gynecological Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618234/patient-safety-culture-in-obstetrics-and-gynecology-and-neonatology-units-the-nurses-and-the-midwives-opinion-patient-safety-culture
#17
Janina Ribeliene, Aurelija Blazeviciene, Ruta Jolanta Nadisauskiene, Rasa Tameliene, Ausrele Kudreviciene, Irena Nedzelskiene, Jurate Macijauskiene
BACKGROUND: Patients treated in healthcare facilities that provide services in the fields of obstetrics, gynecology, and neonatology are especially vulnerable. Large multidisciplinary teams of physicians, multiple invasive and noninvasive diagnostic and therapeutic procedures, and the use of advanced technologies increase the probability of adverse events.The evaluation of knowledge about patient safety culture among nurses and midwives working in such units and the identification of critical areas at a healthcare institution would reduce the number of adverse events and improve patient safety...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616651/knowledge-and-practice-of-togolese-women-concerning-cervical-cancer
#18
S Agbo, H S Bemanana, K M Aziagbenyo, F M Lahaye
OBJECTIVE: To identify the determinants of the knowledge and practice of Togolese women concerning cervical cancer. METHODS: This cross-sectional study with a descriptive and analytical focus took place in Togo during the four-month period from May to August 2016 and surveyed women aged 18 to 60 living in the Lomé municipal area for at least 12 months. Sampling of the intervention zones was based on reasoned choice depending on the availability of health structures in the area...
February 1, 2018: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616559/urinary-bladder-stone-passing-using-a-persian-herbal-recipe
#19
Ayda Hosseinkhani, Fatemeh Tabatabaei, Maryam Mosaffa-Jahromi, Mehdi Pasalar
OBJECTIVE: The intrauterine device (IUD) is a popular contraceptive instrument with reported complications. IUD migration to the urinary bladder, a rare genitourinary tricky situation, may cause stone formation and result in urinary system sequels such as a stone formation and a recurrent infection. CASE REPORT: This is a case report of IUD migration to the urinary bladder, mineralization, and subsequent complications. We report the case of a 35-year-old woman with a copper IUD nidus stone in her urinary bladder...
January 2018: Journal of evidence-based integrative medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616123/overexpression-and-clinical-significance-of-ibp-in-epithelial-ovarian-carcinoma
#20
Yingjuan Xu, Yangming Hou, Tianbo Liu, Ge Lou
Interferon regulatory factor-4 binding protein (IBP) is as a type of ρ GTPase suggested to serve an important role in tumor occurrence and development through the effects of cytoskeletal remodeling, and cell conduction mechanism. IBP is widely expressed in the immune system and expressed in several types of tumors. However, its expression and prognostic value in epithelial ovarian carcinoma (EOC) remain unclear. The present study aimed to investigate the expression of IBP in EOC, and its effect on clinicopathological variables and prognosis...
May 2018: Oncology Letters
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