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Elżbieta Studzińska-Sroka, Agnieszka Galanty, Wiesława Bylka
Atranorin, the compound with the depside structure, is one of the most common lichen secondary metabolites, characteristic for numerous lichen families but rarely found in some mosses and higher plants. Over the years various biological properties of atranorin were examined. This review summarises the studies on atranorin, focusing on a number of biological activities in different fields. The literature describes anti-inflammatory, analgesic, as well as wound healing, antibacterial, antifungal, cytotoxic, antioxidant, antiviral, and immunomodulatory activities of the depside...
April 24, 2017: Mini Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry
Zhaoyu Ba, Fumin Pan, Zhonghan Liu, Bin Yu, Laurel Fuentes, Desheng Wu, Jianguang Zhu
BACKGROUND: Adjacent segment disease (ASD) is a common complication after lumbar decompression and fusion surgery. Traditional revision-surgery, including posterior lumbar decompression and posterolateral fusion (PLF) or interbody fusion (PLIF) is traumatic. The percutaneous endoscopic transforaminal procedure (PE-TF) has been widely used in patients with lumbar disc disease. However, there are no reports about using PE-TF procedure to treat ASD in the current literature. OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical outcomes between PE-TF and PLF for single-level ASD after PLF or PLIF...
April 17, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
Katlein França, Anagha Kumar, Massimo Fioranelli, Torello Lotti, Michael Tirant, Maria Grazia Roccia
Botulinum toxin, also called the "miracle toxin," is a neurotoxin produced by the bacteria Clostridium botulinum. It is known to block nerve signals that contract muscles resulting in a temporary paralysis of the muscles. Toxins type A and B have been extensively studied and utilized in the realm of beauty and cosmetology. Initially, the toxin gained popularity as a disease-causing "poison". It was only later that it found its way to becoming a must have in modern aesthetic practice. Today, this wonder toxin has proven to be an apt and convenient option in the field of anti-aging medicine...
March 15, 2017: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
Y J Wu
In the heyday of Chinese feudal society, women's status in the society of the Sui-Tang period was improved in the Tang Dynasty.The demand for female to stay young and anti-aging had attracted lots of attention in the society, thus providing a favorable social environment for the formation and development of Chinese herbal cosmetology. The important representative medical works on traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) were published in the Sui and Tang Dynasties, such as Bei ji qian jin yao fang (Essential Recipes for Emergent Use Worth A Thousand Gold), Qian jin yi fang (Supplement to Recipes Worth A Thousand Gold), Wai tai mi yao (Arcane Essentials from the Imperial Library) etc...
November 28, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
Katarzyna B Leja, Katarzyna Czaczyk
Herbs and spices have been used for food and medicinal purposes for centuries - the first recorded evidence of their use dates back to 1500BC and the Ebers Papyrus, which mentioned spices such as anise, mustard, saffron, cinnamon, and cassia. Now, in the 21st century, a variety of secondary compounds produced by plants are used in many fields of industry, such as food production (to improve taste, to provide vitamins and macro- and microelements, and also to inhibit food spoilage caused by foodborne bacteria), in medicine (in the treatment of various diseases; in chemoprevention and cancer therapy; as a source of natural antimicrobials for the treatment of infectious disease), and in pharmacology and cosmetology (in dietary supplements, and as a result of the demand for preservative-free cosmetics, to reduce the risk of methylparaben allergies)...
October 2016: Acta Scientiarum Polonorum. Technologia Alimentaria
Caroline Chartier, Yassine Mofid, Cécile Bastard, Véronique Miette, Annabel Maruani, Laurent Machet, Frédéric Ossant
Interest in elasticity estimation for thin layers is increasing because of the various potential applications, including dermatology and cosmetology. In this context, we propose a dedicated elastographic system using 1-D high-frequency transient elastography (HF-TE) to estimate the 1-D Young's modulus through the dermis and hypodermis, which are the two human skin layers of interest in this study. An experimental validation of the HF-TE method was first carried out on two homogeneous tissue-mimicking hard and soft phantoms...
December 30, 2016: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
Ayodeji O Falade, Uchechukwu U Nwodo, Benson C Iweriebor, Ezekiel Green, Leonard V Mabinya, Anthony I Okoh
Ligninolytic extracellular enzymes, including lignin peroxidase, are topical owing to their high redox potential and prospective industrial applications. The prospective applications of lignin peroxidase span through sectors such as biorefinery, textile, energy, bioremediation, cosmetology, and dermatology industries. The litany of potentials attributed to lignin peroxidase is occasioned by its versatility in the degradation of xenobiotics and compounds with both phenolic and non-phenolic constituents. Over the years, ligninolytic enzymes have been studied however; research on lignin peroxidase seems to have been lagging when compared to other ligninolytic enzymes which are extracellular in nature including laccase and manganese peroxidase...
February 2017: MicrobiologyOpen
Mateusz Jasik, Borys Szefczyk
Menthol's various biological properties render it a useful component for medical and cosmetological applications, while its three centers of asymmetry mean that it can be used in a range of organic reactions. Menthol-substituted ionic liquids (ILs) have been found to exhibit promising antimicrobial and antielectrostatic properties, as well as being useful in organic catalysis and biochemical studies. However, so far, a force field designed and validated specifically for the menthol molecule has not been constructed...
October 2016: Journal of Molecular Modeling
Brendan P Lovasik, Ishna Sharma, Maria C Russell, Grant W Carlson, Keith A Delman, Monica Rizzo
BACKGROUND: Scalp and neck melanomas (SNMs) have a relatively poor prognosis compared to other sites, and represent an anatomically challenging area for detection. The aim of this study was to identify the role of the hairdresser in detection of SNMs. METHODS: A tertiary surgical oncology institutional database was retrospectively reviewed for all patients undergoing resection of a scalp, posterior neck, or retro auricular invasive primary melanoma between 2008 and 2014...
November 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
A Bozkurt, K Kose, C Alessi-Fox, J G Dy, D H Brooks, M Rajadhyaksha
BACKGROUND: Measuring the thickness of the stratum corneum (SC) in vivo is often required in pharmacological, dermatological, and cosmetological studies. Reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM) offers a non-invasive imaging-based approach. However, RCM-based measurements currently rely on purely visual analysis of images, which is time-consuming and suffers from inter-user subjectivity. METHODS: We developed an unsupervised segmentation algorithm that can automatically delineate the SC layer in stacks of RCM images of human skin...
May 2017: Skin Research and Technology
Anna Augustyniak, Helena Rotsztejn
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the research was to evaluate skin elasticity and reduction in the aging eye area after using a nonablative radiofrequency treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study included 23 patients, aged 34-58 years with Fitzpatrick skin type II and III. They received five treatment sessions with a nonablative radiofrequency in 1-week intervals. Biomechanical properties of the skin were measured using Cutometer. A photodocumentation was used to compare changes before and after the series of treatment sessions...
July 29, 2016: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
Vanessa Richardson, Ada T Agidi, Erica R Eaddy, Loretta S Davis
Chemical relaxers are products marketed to straighten the hair and have been principally used by African Americans since the early twentieth century. They contain alkaline agents that break and reform hydrogen and disulfide bonds, leaving hair permanently straightened. Relaxers cause loss of tensile strength and increased fragility of the hair shaft that lead to increased risk of hair breakage and thinning. When used improperly, they can also cause local irritant contact dermatitis and chemical burns to the scalp and hairline that can potentially lead to a scarring alopecia...
July 29, 2016: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
Varadraj Vasant Pai, Prasana Bhandari, Pankaj Shukla
Peptides are known to have diverse biological roles, most prominently as signaling/regulatory molecules in a broad variety of physiological processes including defense, immunity, stress, growth, homeostasis and reproduction. These aspects have been used in the field of dermatology and cosmetology to produce short, stable and synthetic peptides for extracellular matrix synthesis, pigmentation, innate immunity and inflammation. The evolution of peptides over the century, which started with the discovery of penicillin, has now extended to their usage as cosmeceuticals in recent years...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology
M Fawzi Mahomoodally, Poorneeka Ramjuttun
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: With a net turnover worth of £181 billion, the cosmetic industry is a leading worldwide business with a very lucrative future. Nonetheless, due to recent concerns regarding toxicity of synthetic cosmetics, herbal products have come into the limelight of cosmetology. The tropical island of Mauritius has a well-anchored diversity of indigenous plant species which are exploited for various purposes but no study has been designed to (i) quantitatively document, (ii) assess the effectiveness, and (iii) study the incidence of adverse effects and perception associated with the use of herbal products for cosmetic applications...
December 4, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Hsin-Yu Chou, Chelsea Lee, Jian-Liang Pan, Zhi-Hong Wen, Shu-Hung Huang, Chi-Wei John Lan, Wang-Ta Liu, Tzyh-Chyuan Hour, You-Cheng Hseu, Byeong Hee Hwang, Kuo-Chen Cheng, Hui-Min David Wang
Among many antioxidants that are used for the repairing of oxidative stress induced skin damages, we identified the enriched astaxanthin extract (EAE) from Haematococcus pluvialis as a viable ingredient. EAE was extracted from the red microalgae through supercritical fluid carbon dioxide extraction. To compare the effectiveness, EAE wastreated on human dermal fibroblasts with other components, phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA), and doxycycline. With sirius red staining and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), we found that PMA decreased the collagen concentration and production while overall the addition of doxycycline and EAE increased the collagen concentration in a trial experiments...
June 16, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
M V Ulitko, S Yu Medvedeva, V V Malakhov
The results of clinical studies give evidence of the beneficial preventive and therapeutic effects of the «Tiline-EM» physiotherapeutic device designed for the combined specific treatment of the skin regions onto which both discomfort and pain sensations are directly projected, reflectively active sites and zones, as well as trigger zones with the use of low-frequency pulsed electric current and magnetic field. The efficient application of the device requires the understanding of the general mechanisms underlying such action on the living systems including those operating at the cellular and subcellular levels...
May 2016: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
Ewelina Bogumiła Zuba, Wojciech Francuzik, Przemysław Malicki, Agnieszka Osmola-Mańkowska, Dorota Jenerowicz
Dear Editor, Ultraviolet (UV) radiation is a well-known physical hazard responsible for photoaging, photoallergic, and phototoxic reactions as well as carcinogenesis, including life-threatening melanomas (1,2). Overexposure to both natural and artificial UV radiation is a public health concern. 30% of cancers diagnosed worldwide are skin cancers. Approximately three million non-melanoma skin cancers and 132 000 new cases of melanomas are diagnosed globally each year (3). Sunburns, especially in childhood, are a very important risk factor for melanomas...
April 2016: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
Ran Xu, Dengfeng Li, Jiao Peng, Jing Fang, Liping Zhang, Lianguo Liu
Collagen is the main structural protein of various connective tissues in animals and naturally plays an important role within the body. It is increasingly used within certain areas, such as medicine, citology and cosmetology. The soft-shelled turtle (Pelodiscus sinensis) is a commercially important aquatic species rich in collagen. In this study, a novel collagen gene fragment of 756 bp, which encodes 252 deduced amino acid residues, including 25 conserved Gly-X-Y motifs, was cloned from a soft-shelled turtle...
June 2016: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
Dammaningala Venkataramaiah Lakshmi, Kanathur Shilpa, Holavanahally Veerabhadrappa Nataraja, Kallapa Gorur Divya
Nose is the most prominent part of the mid-face and has important physiological, aesthetic and psychological functions. Skin diseases on the nose are commonly seen by dermatologists, otorhinolaryngologists, and plastic surgeons. Because of its exposed, highly visible localization, lesions on the skin of the nose are often noticed by patients themselves, typically very early in the course of the disease. Similarly, the dermatological lexicon is well known with descriptive terminologies, synonyms, acronyms, eponyms, toponyms, misnomers...
March 2016: Indian Journal of Dermatology
Changying Niu, Shenxing Tan, Caifeng Wu, Zongyan Liu, Zemin Zhang, Shengjian Tang, Xiaoqin Liang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the effectiveness of the modified Park method of blepharoplasty for correction of mild blepharoptosis. METHODS: Between October 2012 and January 2015, a new modified Park method of blepharoplasty was performed on 23 patients with foldless eyelid combined mild blepharoptosis. There were 14 males and 9 females, aged 16 to 35 years (mean, 25 years). Unilateral eyelid was involved in 16 cases, bilateral eyelids in 7 cases. The upper eyelid was located at the edge of the pupil, and the drop was 1-2 mm (mean, 1...
September 2015: Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery
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