keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Cervical cancer screening

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050322/microrna-466-with-tumor-markers-for-cervical-cancer-screening
#1
Li-Li Zhou, Yong Shen, Jiao-Mei Gong, Ping Sun, Jia-He Sheng
Cervical cancer is the second most common cancer in women in the world. In this study, we explore tumor markers and microRNA-466 combination for cervical cancer screening. Tumor markers were measured by the methods of electro-chemiluminescent immunoassay and enzyme immunoassay. The microRNA-466 was performed by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. Among normal group, hyperplasia group and cancer group, the CEA expression levels were 2.26 ng/ml, 3.85 ng/ml and 16.08 ng/ml, respectively. While the CA125 expression levels were 13...
September 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049940/photocatalytic-degradation-of-synthetic-food-dye-sunset-yellow-fcf-fd-c-yellow-no-6-by-ailanthus-excelsa-roxb-possessing-antioxidant-and-cytotoxic-activity
#2
Subramanyam Deepika, Rajendran Harishkumar, Murugesan Dinesh, Rajadurai Abarna, Moorthy Anbalagan, Selvaraj Mohana Roopan, Chinnadurai Immanuel Selvaraj
The purpose of our work is to identify the bioactive compounds of bark and leaves extract from Ailanthus excelsa Roxb. and to explore its effectiveness against synthetic food dye. The presence of primary and secondary metabolites was confirmed by carrying out phytochemicals analysis. With the prior knowledge accessible on the indispensable secondary metabolites holding antioxidant and cytotoxicity activity, the quantitative screening of total phenolic and flavonoid content in methanolic and aqueous extract of bark and leaves from Ailanthus excelsa were done...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048733/cytology-and-high-risk-hpv-testing-in-cervical-cancer-screening-program-outcome-of-3-year-follow-up-in-an-academic-institute
#3
Jack Yang, Fredrick S Nolte, Olga S Chajewski, Kathryn G Lindsey, Patricia M Houser, Jalidsa Pellicier, Qun Wang, Laleh Ehsani
BACKGROUND: Combination of cervical cytology and high-risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) testing, co-testing, has been increasingly used in screening cervical cancers. The present study summarized the outcome of co-testing by reviewing 3-year clinical and pathological follow-up information. METHODS: Patients were retrospectively identified via computerized search and were grouped based on the cytologic diagnosis and HR-HPV status as negative for intraepithelial lesion or malignancy (NILM)/HPV-, NILM/HPV+, atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance (ASC-US)/HPV-, ASC-US/HPV+, low grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (LSIL)/HPV-, LSIL/HPV+, atypical squamous cells, cannot exclude high grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (ASC-H)/HPV-, ASC-H/HPV+, high grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL)/HPV-, and HSIL/HPV+...
October 19, 2017: Diagnostic Cytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047326/integrating-chws-as-part-of-the-team-leading-diabetes-group-visits-a-randomized-controlled-feasibility-study
#4
Elizabeth M Vaughan, Craig A Johnston, Victor J Cardenas, Jennette P Moreno, John P Foreyt
Purpose The purpose of the study was to evaluate the feasibility of integrating Community Health Workers (CHWs) as part of the team leading diabetes group visits. Methods This was a randomized controlled study that integrated CHWs as part of the team leading diabetes group visits for low-income Hispanic adults (n = 50). Group visits met for 3 hours each month for a 6-month duration. Main measures included baseline and 6-month clinical outcomes (ie, A1C, lipids), concordance with 8 standard of care guidelines (ie, screens for cervical, breast, and colon cancer) from the US Preventive Task Force and American Diabetes Association, and participant acceptability...
October 1, 2017: Diabetes Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043283/barriers-to-pap-smear-test-for-the-second-time-in-women-referring-to-health-care-centers-in-the-south-of-tehran-a-qualitative-approach
#5
Laleh Hassani, Tahereh Dehdari, Ebrahim Hajizadeh, Davoud Shojaeizadeh, Mehrandokht Abedini, Saharnaz Nedjat
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is a preventable disease with a regular screening program. Many studies have reported a large number of barriers that women had for the first time, but this study decided to find other barriers for the second time pap smear. METHODS: In this qualitative research, data were gathered through in-depth interviews and expressed through conventional content analysis in the form of constant comparison. The participants were 15 women with family profile at 30 health care centers who lived in the south of Tehran and had done Pap smear for one time but didn't do it for the second time...
October 2017: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040965/distribution-of-cancer-mortality-rates-by-province-in-south-africa
#6
Felix Made, Kerry Wilson, Ruxana Jina, Nonhlanhla Tlotleng, Samantha Jack, Vusi Ntlebi, Tahira Kootbodien
INTRODUCTION: Cancer mortality rates are expected to increase in developing countries. Cancer mortality rates by province remain largely unreported in South Africa. This study described the 2014 age standardised cancer mortality rates by province in South Africa, to provide insight for strategic interventions and advocacy. METHODS: 2014 deaths data were retrieved from Statistics South Africa. Deaths from cancer were extracted using 10th International Classification of Diseases (ICD) codes for cancer (C00-C97)...
October 14, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039371/regional-monitoring-of-cervical-cancer
#7
Mihaela Crisan-Vida, Oana Sorina Lupse, Lacramioara Stoicu-Tivadar, Daniela Salvari, Radu Catanet, Elena Bernad
Cervical cancer is one of the most important causes of death in women in fertile age in Romania. In order to discover high-risk situations in the first stages of the disease it is important to enhance prevention actions, and ICT, respectively cloud computing and Big Data currently support such activities. The national screening program uses an information system that based on data from different medical units gives feedback related to the women healthcare status and provides statistics and reports. In order to ensure the continuity of care it is updated with HL7 CDA support and cloud computing...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038761/comparison-of-human-papillomavirus-hpv-detection-in-urine-and-cervical-swab-samples-using-the-hpv-genoarray-diagnostic-assay
#8
Pornjarim Nilyanimit, Jira Chansaenroj, Anant Karalak, Piyawat Laowahutanont, Pairoj Junyangdikul, Yong Poovorawan
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the leading cause of cervical cancer. Urine-based HPV testing offers a simple and non-invasive method because of its increasing acceptance. A total of 164 pairs of cervical swab and urine samples from Thai women who underwent cervical cancer screening were used for HPV testing with HPV GenoArray Diagnostic Kits. The overall concordance percentage for HPV detection in the cervical swab and urine samples was 65.2%. The HPV genotypes most commonly detected were HPV16 and HPV18. An analysis of the urine samples and a second analysis of the cervical swab samples showed that the differences in the overall HPV detection rate between women with normal and abnormal cytology were not significant (p > 0...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038177/cervical-and-breast-cancer-screening-participation-and-utilisation-of-maternal-health-services-a-cross-sectional-study-among-immigrant-women-in-southern-italy
#9
Aida Bianco, Elisabetta Larosa, Claudia Pileggi, Carmelo G A Nobile, Maria Pavia
OBJECTIVES: Women make up approximately half of the world's one billion migrants. Immigrant women tend to be one of the most vulnerable population groups with respect to healthcare. Cancer screening (CS) and maternal and reproductive health have been included among the 10 main issues pertinent to women's health. The aim of this study is to explore breast and cervical CS participation and to acquire information regarding access to healthcare services during pregnancy, childbirth and the postpartum period among age eligible immigrant women in Southern Italy...
October 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038096/raising-awareness-about-cervical-cancer-using-twitter-content-analysis-of-the-2015-smearforsmear-campaign
#10
Philippe Lenoir, Bilel Moulahi, Jérôme Azé, Sandra Bringay, Gregoire Mercier, François Carbonnel
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is the second most common cancer among women under 45 years of age. To deal with the decrease of smear test coverage in the United Kingdom, a Twitter campaign called #SmearForSmear has been launched in 2015 for the European Cervical Cancer Prevention Week. Its aim was to encourage women to take a selfie showing their lipstick going over the edge and post it on Twitter with a raising awareness message promoting cervical cancer screening. The estimated audience was 500 million people...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035163/uptake-and-correlates-of-cervical-cancer-screening-among-hiv-infected-women-attending-hiv-care-in-uganda
#11
Rhoda K Wanyenze, John Baptist Bwanika, Jolly Beyeza-Kashesya, Shaban Mugerwa, Jim Arinaitwe, Joseph K B Matovu, Violet Gwokyalya, Dickson Kasozi, Justine Bukenya, Fred Makumbi
BACKGROUND: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected women are at high risk of cervical cancer. OBJECTIVE: This study assessed uptake and correlates of cervical screening among HIV-infected women in care in Uganda. METHODS: A nationally representative cross-sectional survey of HIV-infected women in care was conducted from August to November 2016. Structured interviews were conducted with 5198 women aged 15-49 years, from 245 HIV clinics...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034685/improving-performance-on-preventive-health-quality-measures-using-clinical-decision-support-to-capture-care-done-elsewhere-and-patient-exceptions
#12
Michael E Bowen, Deepa Bhat, Jason Fish, Brett Moran, Temple Howell-Stampley, Lynne Kirk, Stephen D Persell, Ethan A Halm
Preventive services required for performance measurement often are completed in outside health systems and not captured in electronic medical records (EMRs). A before-after study was conducted to examine the ability of clinical decision support (CDS) to improve performance on preventive quality measures, capture clinician-reported services completed elsewhere, and patient/medical exceptions and to describe their impact on quality measurement. CDS improved performance on colorectal cancer screening, osteoporosis screening, and pneumococcal vaccination measures ( P < ...
October 1, 2017: American Journal of Medical Quality: the Official Journal of the American College of Medical Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034308/cost-effectiveness-analysis-study-of-hpv-testing-as-a-primary-cervical-cancer-screening-in-thailand
#13
Wichai Termrungruanglert, Nipon Khemapech, Tanitra Tantitamit, Suleeporn Sangrajrang, Piyalamporn Havanond, Piyawat Laowahutanont
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to compare the cost and benefit of four different cervical cancer screening strategies involving primary HPV 16/18 genotyping, hrHPV testing alone and cytology for detecting CIN2 +. METHODS: Economical analysis using Markov modeling approach to combine the epidemiological data from current population-based study of The National Cancer Institute of Thailand. A cohort of 100,000 hypothetical female population age 30-65 years was simulated in each strategy...
November 2017: Gynecologic Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034117/correlates-of-cervical-cancer-screening-among-adult-latino-women-a-5-year-follow-up
#14
Patria Rojas, Tan Li, Gira J Ravelo, Christyl Dawson, Mariana Sanchez, Alicia Sneij, Weize Wang, Mariano Kanamori, Elena Cyrus, Mario R De La Rosa
BACKGROUND: Latinas have the highest incidence rates of cervical cancer in the United States, and Latinas in the United States are less likely to utilize cervical cancer screening. METHOD: We used secondary data analysis of a non-clinical convenience sample (n=316 women at baseline; n=285 at five-year follow-up) to examine correlates of cervical cancer screening among adult Latina women. Univariate and multiple logistic regression models using Generalized Estimated Equations (GEE) algorithm were utilized to assess the influence of the independent variables...
June 2017: World Medical & Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029626/higher-educational-attainment-associated-with-reduced-likelihood-of-abnormal-cervical-lesions-among-zambian-women-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Twaambo Euphemia Hamoonga, Rosemary Ndonyo Likwa, Patrick Musonda, Charles Michelo
BACKGROUND: The high burden of cervical cancer in Zambia prompted the Ministry of Health and partners to develop the cervical cancer prevention program in Zambia (CCPPZ) in 2006. Despite this intervention more women continue to die from the disease and there is little understanding of factors that may be linked with abnormal cervical lesions in the general population. We therefore examined if educational attainment is associated with abnormal cervical lesions among Zambian women aged 15 to 49 years...
October 13, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029430/methylomics-of-nitroxidative-stress-on-precancerous-cells-reveals-dna-methylation-alteration-at-the-transition-from-in-situ-to-invasive-cervical-cancer
#16
Po-Hsuan Su, Yao-Wen Hsu, Rui-Lan Huang, Yu-Chun Weng, Hui-Chen Wang, Yu-Chih Chen, Yueh-Ju Tsai, Chiou-Chung Yuan, Hung-Cheng Lai
Epigenetic dysregulation is important in cervical cancer development, but the underlying mechanism is largely unknown. Increasing evidence indicates that DNA methylation is sensitive to changes in microenvironmental factors, such as nitric oxide (NO) in the chronic inflammatory cervix. However, the epigenomic effects of NO in cancer have not been investigated. In this study, we explored the methylomic effects of nitroxidative stress in HPV-immortalized precancerous cells. Chronic NO exposure promoted the acquisition of malignant phenotypes such as cell growth, migration, invasion, and anchorage-independent growth...
September 12, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027811/prevention-of-human-papillomavirus-hpv-related-tumors-in-people-living-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-hiv
#17
Mario Poljak, Anja Šterbenc, Maja M Lunar
In comparison to their HIV-negative counterparts, people living with HIV (PLWH) have a higher prevalence of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection in various anatomical sites coupled with increased HPV persistence, higher risk of HPV-related tumors, and faster disease progression. Areas covered: Gender-neutral prevention strategies for HPV-related cancers in PLWH discussed: ABC approach, HPV vaccination, antiretroviral treatment (ART), anal cancer screening, and smoking cessation. Gender specific strategies: cervical cancer screening reduces the incidence and mortality of cervical cancer and circumcision might reduce the risk of HPV infections in men...
October 13, 2017: Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024512/the-clinical-performance-of-computer-assisted-liquid-based-cytology-primary-hrhpv-screening-and-cotesting-at-a-turkish-tertiare-care-hospital
#18
Gozde Kir, Hatice Seneldir, Billur Cosan Sarbay
BACKGROUND: We aimed to compare the performance of computer-assisted liquid-based cytology, primary high-risk human papillomavirus (hrHPV) screening, and cytology-hrHPV cotesting with regards to the detection rate of cervical cancer precursor lesions. METHODS: A total of 22,653 computer-assisted liquid-based cytology specimens interpreted between 2013 and 2015 were included in the study. We compared the false-negative rates and sensitivities for computer-assisted liquid-based cytology, primary hrHPV screening and cytology-hrHPV cotesting among women with normal and abnormal cytologies...
October 12, 2017: Diagnostic Cytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023748/what-cervical-screening-is-appropriate-for-women-who-have-been-vaccinated-against-high-risk-hpv-a-simulation-study
#19
Rebecca Landy, Peter Windridge, Matthew S Gillman, Peter D Sasieni
Women vaccinated against HPV16/18 are approaching the age for cervical screening, however an updated screening algorithm has not been agreed. We use a microsimulation model calibrated to real published data to determine the appropriate screening intensity for vaccinated women. Natural histories in the absence of vaccination were simulated for 300,000 women using 10,000 sets of transition probabilities. Vaccination with i) 100% efficacy against HPV16/18, ii) 15% cross-protection, iii) waning vaccine efficacy, and iv) 100% efficacy against HPV16/18/31/33/45/52/58 was added, as were a range of screening scenarios appropriate to the UK...
October 11, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023464/role-of-p16-testing-in-cervical-cancer-screening-among-hiv-infected-women
#20
Christine J McGrath, Rochelle Garcia, Trong T Trinh, Barbra A Richardson, Grace C John-Stewart, Evans Nyongesa-Malava, Nelly R Mugo, Emily H Glynn, Samah R Sakr, Hugo De Vuyst, Michael H Chung
BACKGROUND: p16 immunohistochemistry is used to evaluate for HPV-associated cervical intraepithelial neoplasia. The diagnostic performance of p16 in HIV infection is unclear. METHODS: Between June-December 2009, HIV-infected women underwent Papanicolaou (Pap) smear, human papillomavirus (HPV) testing, visual inspection with acetic acid (VIA), and colposcopy-directed biopsy as the disease gold standard at a HIV clinic in Kenya. Pap smears were evaluated for p16 expression...
2017: PloS One
keyword
keyword
87569
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"