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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927264/comparative-interactomes-of-vrk1-and-vrk3-with-their-distinct-roles-in-the-cell-cycle-of-liver-cancer
#1
Namgyu Lee, Dae-Kyum Kim, Seung Hyun Han, Hye Guk Ryu, Sung Jin Park, Kyong-Tai Kim, Kwan Yong Choi
Vaccinia-related kinase 1 (VRK1) and VRK3 are members of the VRK family of serine/threonine kinases and are principally localized in the nucleus. Despite the crucial roles of VRK1/ VRK3 in physiology and disease, the molecular and functional interactions of VRK1/VRK3 are poorly understood. Here, we identified over 200 unreported VRK1/VRK3-interacting candidate proteins by affinity purification and LC-MS/MS. The networks of VRK1 and VRK3 interactomes were found to be associated with important biological processes such as the cell cycle, DNA repair, chromatin assembly, and RNA processing...
August 31, 2017: Molecules and Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927263/molecular-and-cellular-basis-of-neurodegeneration-in-alzheimer-s-disease
#2
Sangyun Jeong
The most common form of senile dementia is Alzheimer's disease (AD), which is characterized by the extracellular deposition of amyloid beta-peptide (Abeta) plaques and the intracellular formation of neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs) in the cerebral cortex. Tau abnormalities are commonly observed in many neurodegenerative diseases including AD, Parkinson's disease, and Pick's disease. Interestingly, tau-mediated formation of NFTs in AD brains shows better correlation with cognitive impairment than Abeta plaque accumulation; pathological tau alone is sufficient to elicit frontotemporal dementia, but it does not cause AD...
September 20, 2017: Molecules and Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927226/female-clock%C3%AE-19-%C3%AE-19-mice-are-protected-from-the-development-of-age-dependent-cardiomyopathy
#3
Faisal J Alibhai, Cristine J Reitz, Willem T Peppler, Poulami Basu, Paul Sheppard, Elena Choleris, Marica Bakovic, Tami A Martino
Aims: Circadian rhythms are important for healthy cardiovascular physiology and they are regulated by the molecular circadian mechanism. Previously, we showed that disruption of the circadian mechanism factor CLOCK in male Clock Δ19/Δ19 mice led to development of age-dependent cardiomyopathy. Here, we investigate the role of biological sex in protecting against heart disease in aging female Clock Δ19/Δ19 mice. Methods and results: Female Clock Δ19/Δ19 mice are protected from the development of cardiomyopathy with age, as heart structure and function are similar to 18 months of age versus female WT mice...
September 12, 2017: Cardiovascular Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927140/itraq-coupled-2d-lc-ms-ms-analysis-of-cxcr7-transfected-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma-cells-a-new-insight-into-cxcr7-regulation-of-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma-progression-and-identification-of-potential-biomarkers
#4
Hengwei Zhang, Lei Yang, Zhangyi Liu, Chenxi Liu, Xuyong Teng, Lei Zhang, Bo Yin, Zhen Liu
Previous studies have demonstrated that C-X-C chemokine receptor type 7 (CXCR7) regulates papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) growth and metastasis; however, the molecular mechanisms underlying this regulation remain unclear. In the present study, the protein expression profiles of the PTC cell line GLAG-66 and GLAG-66 cells stably transfected with CXCR7 cDNA were analyzed and compared using isobaric tag for relative and absolute quantification-coupled two-dimensional liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry...
September 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927124/plasma-membrane-expression-of-znf185-is-a-prognostic-factor-in-pancreatic-ductal-carcinoma
#5
Daisuke Furukawa, Tsuyoshi Chijiwa, Masahiro Matsuyama, Masaya Mukai, Ei-Ichi Matsuo, Osamu Nishimura, Kenji Kawai, Hiroshi Suemizu, Toshio Nakagohri, Soji Ozawa, Kazuaki Shimada, Nobuyoshi Hiraoka, Masato Nakamura
Pancreatic ductal carcinoma (PDC) is one of the major causes of cancer-associated mortality globally due to its high potential for distant metastasis. To understand hematogenous metastasis, the molecular expression profiles of weak metastatic PDC cell subline BxPC-3 and highly liver-metastatic cell subline LM-BxPC-3 were compared, and zinc finger protein 185 (ZNF185) was identified as a molecule that is upregulated in LM-BxPC-3 cells. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the clinicopathological significance of ZNF185 in PDC...
September 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926993/satellite-dna-an-evolving-topic
#6
REVIEW
Manuel A Garrido-Ramos
Satellite DNA represents one of the most fascinating parts of the repetitive fraction of the eukaryotic genome. Since the discovery of highly repetitive tandem DNA in the 1960s, a lot of literature has extensively covered various topics related to the structure, organization, function, and evolution of such sequences. Today, with the advent of genomic tools, the study of satellite DNA has regained a great interest. Thus, Next-Generation Sequencing (NGS), together with high-throughput in silico analysis of the information contained in NGS reads, has revolutionized the analysis of the repetitive fraction of the eukaryotic genomes...
September 18, 2017: Genes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926783/molecular-docking-and-qsar-analyses-of-aromatic-heterocycle-thiosemicarbazone-analogues-for-finding-novel-tyrosinase-inhibitors
#7
Huanhuan Dong, Jing Liu, Xiaoru Liu, Yanying Yu, Shuwen Cao
A collection of 36 thiosemicarbazone analogues possessed a broad span of tyrosinase inhibitory activities was designed and obtained. Robust and reliable CoMFA and CoMSIA models were gained to predict the structure-activity relationship and the new modifier direction. Inhibitory activities of the compounds were found to greatly depend upon molecular shape, size, and charge. The sterically bulky group at the C-4 position of the thiophene ring contributed a high capacity for biological activity. Some bulky substituents at the C1-position and C12-position, and electron-negative groups at the C3-position, helped to improve the activity of these analogues...
July 29, 2017: Bioorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926699/effects-of-high-pressure-on-phospholipid-bilayers
#8
Wei Ding, Michail Palaiokostas, Ganesh Shahane, Wen Wang, Mario Orsi
The response of lipid membranes to changes in external pressure is important for many biological processes, and it can also be exploited for technological applications. In this work, we employ all-atom molecular dynamics simulations to characterize the changes in the physical properties of phospholipid bilayers brought about by high pressure (1000 bar). In particular, we study how the response differs, in relation to different chain unsaturation levels, by comparing mono-unsaturated 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-phosphatidylcholine (POPC) and bi-unsaturated dioleoyl-phosphatidylcholine (DOPC) bilayers...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926278/planar-optical-nano-antennas-resolve-cholesterol-dependent-nanoscale-heterogeneities-in-the-plasma-membrane-of-living-cells
#9
Raju Regmi, Pamina Martina Winkler, Valentin Flauraud, Kyra Borgman, Carlo Manzo, Juergen Brugger, Herve Rigneault, Jerome Wenger, Maria F Garcia-Parajo
Optical nano-antennas can efficiently confine light into nanoscopic hotspots enabling single-molecule detection sensitivity at biological relevant conditions. This innovative approach to breach the diffraction limit offers a versatile platform to investigate the dynamics of individual biomolecules in living cell membranes and their partitioning into cholesterol-dependent lipid nanodomains. Here, we present optical nano-antenna arrays with accessible surface hotspots to study the characteristic diffusion dynamics of phosphoethanolamine (PE) and sphingomyelin (SM) in the plasma membrane of living cells at the nanoscale...
September 19, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926149/speciation-below-ground-tempo-and-mode-of-diversification-in-a-radiation-of-endogean-ground-beetles
#10
Carmelo Andújar, Sergio Pérez-González, Paula Arribas, Juan P Zaballos, Alfried P Vogler, Ignacio Ribera
Dispersal is a critical factor determining the spatial scale of speciation, which is constrained by the ecological characteristics and distribution of a species' habitat and the intrinsic traits of species. Endogean taxa are strongly affected by the unique qualities of the below-ground environment and its effect on dispersal, and contrasting reports indicate either high dispersal capabilities favoured by small body size and mediated by passive mechanisms, or low dispersal due to restricted movement and confinement inside the soil...
September 19, 2017: Molecular Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926119/procaine-is-a-specific-dna-methylation-inhibitor-with-anti-tumor-effect-for-human-gastric-cancer
#11
Yong-Chao Li, Yun Wang, Dan-Dan Li, Ying Zhang, Tian-Cheng Zhao, Chang-Feng Li
DNA hypermethylation and the silencing of tumor suppressor genes caused by DNA hypermethylation is considered as a molecular hallmark of many kinds of cancers. Procaine, a local anesthetic, has been shown as a potential DNA methylation inhibitor in some types of cancers. However, the influence of procaine on DNA methylation regulation as well as the biological function in gastric cancer is still unknown. We report here that procaine represses the DNA-methylation level and promotes the proliferation arrest and apoptosis of gastric cancer cells...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926036/polymer-nanodiscs-and-macro-nanodiscs-of-a-varying-lipid-composition
#12
Venkata Sudheer Kumar Ramadugu, Giacomo Maria Di Mauro, Thirupathi Ravula, Ayyalusamy Ramamoorthy
Polymer lipid nanodiscs have enabled some exciting structural biology and nanobiotechnology applications. The use of a small molecular weight polymer (SMA-EA) has been demonstrated to dramatically increase the size of nanodiscs (up to ∼60 nm diameter). Here, we report the first demonstration of the formation of macro-nanodiscs for a variety of lipids, and solid-state NMR experiments utilizing their magnetic-alignment properties.
September 19, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925970/current-status-of-rift-valley-fever-vaccine-development
#13
REVIEW
Bonto Faburay, Angelle Desiree LaBeaud, D Scott McVey, William C Wilson, Juergen A Richt
Rift Valley Fever (RVF) is a mosquito-borne zoonotic disease that presents a substantial threat to human and public health. It is caused by Rift Valley fever phlebovirus (RVFV), which belongs to the genus Phlebovirus and the family Phenuiviridae within the order Bunyavirales. The wide distribution of competent vectors in non-endemic areas coupled with global climate change poses a significant threat of the transboundary spread of RVFV. In the last decade, an improved understanding of the molecular biology of RVFV has facilitated significant progress in the development of novel vaccines, including DIVA (differentiating infected from vaccinated animals) vaccines...
September 19, 2017: Vaccines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925686/a-naphthalimide-based-fluorophore-for-soft-anionic-interface-monitoring
#14
Li Wang, Gang Wang, Congdi Shang, Rui Kang, Yu Fang
A naphthalimide-based low-molecular mass fluorophore (NA) was designed and synthesized by introducing an azetidine unit onto the aromatic ring of the compound as an electron-donating structure, and a hydrophilic (2-(2-aminoethylamino)ethanol) moiety into the 'N-imide site' of the core structure. UV-vis absorption and fluorescence measurements revealed that the fluorophore is soluble in water, and shows a fluorescent quantum yield of ~20% and lifetime of ~3.7 ns in the solvent within a wide pH range. Moreover, the fluorescence emission and anisotropy of the fluorophore as produced are both dependent upon the viscosity and polarity of the medium...
September 19, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925566/raman-spectroscopy-for-accurately-characterising-biomolecular-changes-in-androgen-independent-prostate-cancer-cells
#15
Stella Corsetti, Thomas Rabl, David McGloin, Ghulam Nabi
Metastatic prostate cancer resistant to hormonal manipulation is considered the advanced stage of the disease and leads to most cancer related mortality. With new research focusing on modulating cancer growth, it is essential to understand the biochemical changes in cells that can then be exploited for drug discovery and for improving responsiveness to treatment. Raman spectroscopy has a high chemical specificity and can be used to detect and quantify molecular changes at the cellular level. Collection of large datasets generated from biological samples can be employed to form discriminatory algorithms for detection of subtle and early changes in cancer cells...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Biophotonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925389/ptsd-blood-transcriptome-mega-analysis-shared-inflammatory-pathways-across-biological-sex-and-modes-of-trauma
#16
Michael S Breen, Daniel S Tylee, Adam X Maihofer, Thomas C Neylan, Divya Mehta, Elisabeth Binder, Sharon D Chandler, Jonathan L Hess, William S Kremen, Victoria B Risbrough, Christopher H Woelk, Dewleen G Baker, Caroline M Nievergelt, Ming T Tsuang, Joseph D Buxbaum, Stephen J Glatt
Transcriptome-wide screens of peripheral blood during the onset and development of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) indicate widespread immune dysregulation. However, little is known as to whether biological sex and the type of traumatic event influence shared or distinct biological pathways in PTSD. We performed a combined analysis of five independent PTSD blood transcriptome studies covering seven types of trauma in 229 PTSD and 311 comparison individuals to synthesize the extant data. Analyses by trauma type revealed a clear pattern of PTSD gene expression signatures distinguishing interpersonal (IP)-related traumas from combat-related traumas...
September 19, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925066/beyond-the-androgen-receptor-ii-new-approaches-to-understanding-and-treating-metastatic-prostate-cancer-report-from-the-2017-coffey-holden-prostate-cancer-academy-meeting
#17
REVIEW
Andrea K Miyahira, Heather H Cheng, Wassim Abida, Leigh Ellis, Lauren C Harshman, Daniel E Spratt, Jonathan W Simons, Kenneth J Pienta, Howard R Soule
INTRODUCTION: The 2017 Coffey-Holden Prostate Cancer Academy (CHPCA) Meeting, "Beyond the Androgen Receptor II: New Approaches to Understanding and Treating Metastatic Prostate Cancer," was held in Carlsbad, California from June 14-17, 2017. METHODS: The CHPCA is an annual scientific conference hosted by the Prostate Cancer Foundation (PCF) that is uniquely designed to produce extensive and constructive discussions on the most urgent and impactful topics concerning research into the biology and treatment of metastatic prostate cancer...
September 18, 2017: Prostate
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925012/a-new-negative-allosteric-modulator-ap14145-for-the-study-of-small-conductance-calcium-activated-potassium-channels
#18
Rafel Simó-Vicens, Jeppe E Kirchhoff, Bernardo Dolce, Lea Abildgaard Jensen, Tobias Speerschneider, Ulrik S Sørensen, Morten Grunnet, Jonas G Diness, Bo H Bentzen
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Small conductance Ca(2+) -activated K(+) (KCa 2) channels represent a promising atrial-selective target for treatment of atrial fibrillation (AF). Here, we establish the mechanism of KCa 2 inhibition by the new compound AP14145. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: Using site directed mutagenesis binding determinants for AP14145 inhibition were explored. AP14145 selectivity and mechanism of action were investigated by patch clamp recordings of heterologously expressed KCa 2 channels...
September 19, 2017: British Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924976/spontaneous-generation-of-a-novel-foetal-human-retinal-pigment-epithelium-rpe-cell-line-available-for-investigation-on-phagocytosis-and-morphogenesis
#19
Zhihua Shao, Haiyun Wang, Xuejian Zhou, Baosen Guo, Xuehu Gao, Zengrong Xiao, Meng Liu, Jihong Sha, Chunlian Jiang, Yuping Luo, Zhixue Liu, Siguang Li
OBJECTIVES: Primary retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) cells have a limited capacity to re-establish epithelial morphology and to maintain native RPE function in vitro, and all commercially available RPE cell lines have drawbacks of morphology or function; therefore, the establishment of new RPE cell lines with typical characteristics of RPE would be helpful in further understanding of their physiological and pathological mechanisms. Here, we firstly report a new spontaneously generated RPE line, fhRPE-13A, from a 13-week aborted foetus...
September 18, 2017: Cell Proliferation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924915/multiscale-modeling-of-diffusion-in-a-crowded-environment
#20
Lina Meinecke
We present a multiscale approach to model diffusion in a crowded environment and its effect on the reaction rates. Diffusion in biological systems is often modeled by a discrete space jump process in order to capture the inherent noise of biological systems, which becomes important in the low copy number regime. To model diffusion in the crowded cell environment efficiently, we compute the jump rates in this mesoscopic model from local first exit times, which account for the microscopic positions of the crowding molecules, while the diffusing molecules jump on a coarser Cartesian grid...
September 18, 2017: Bulletin of Mathematical Biology
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