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ultrasound, point of care

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777851/point-of-care-ultrasound-performed-by-a-medical-student-compared-to-physical-examination-by-vascular-surgeons-in-the-detection-of-abdominal-aortic-aneurysms
#1
Trinh Mai, Michael Y Woo, Kim Boles, Prasad Jetty
OBJECTIVE: To determine the test characteristics of point-of-care ultrasonography performed by a medical student versus physical examination by vascular surgeons compared to a gold standard reference scan for the detection of abdominal aortic aneurysms. METHODS: We conducted a prospective, observer-blinded study recruiting patients from an outpatient vascular surgery clinic. Participants were screened for abdominal aortic aneurysms by standardized physical examination by a blinded vascular surgeon, followed by a point-of-care ultrasound examination by a blinded medical student...
May 16, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774966/test-characteristics-of-point-of-care-ultrasound-for-the-diagnosis-of-retinal-detachment-in-the-emergency-department
#2
Daniel J Kim, Mario Francispragasam, Gavin Docherty, Byron Silver, Ross Prager, Donna Lee, David Maberley
Previous studies of point of care ultrasound (POCUS) have reported high sensitivities and specificities for retinal detachment (RD). Our primary objective was to assess the test characteristics of POCUS performed by a large heterogeneous group of emergency physicians (EPs) for the diagnosis of RD. METHODS: This was a prospective diagnostic test assessment of POCUS performed by EPs with varying ultrasound experience on a convenience sample of emergency department (ED) patients presenting with flashes or floaters in one or both eyes...
May 18, 2018: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769153/point-of-care-ultrasound-to-diagnose-appendicitis-in-a-canadian-emergency-department
#3
Sameer Sharif, Steven Skitch, Dean Vlahaki, Andrew Healey
OBJECTIVES: Appendicitis is a common surgical condition that frequently requires diagnostic imaging. Abdominal computed tomography (CT) is the gold standard for diagnosing appendicitis. Ultrasound offers a radiation-free modality; however, its availability outside business hours is limited in many emergency departments (EDs). The purpose of this study is to evaluate the test characteristics of emergency physician-performed point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) to diagnose appendicitis in a Canadian ED...
May 17, 2018: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764532/cjem-debate-series-pocus-all-physicians-practicing-emergency-medicine-should-be-competent-in-the-use-of-point-of-care-ultrasound
#4
Paul Atkinson, Paul Olszynski, Jordan Chenkin, Daniel J Kim, Greg Hall
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763777/incorporation-of-point-of-care-ultrasound-into-morning-round-is-associated-with-improvement-in-clinical-outcomes-in-critically-ill-patients-with-sepsis
#5
Zhonghua Chen, Yucai Hong, Junru Dai, Lifeng Xing
OBJECTIVES: Point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) has been widely used in the intensive care unit (ICU). However, it is largely unknown whether the use of POCUS is associated with improved patient-important outcomes. The study aimed to investigate whether incorporation of POCUS during morning round on a routine basis was able to improve clinical outcomes in critically ill patients with sepsis. DESIGN: It was a prospective observational study. SETTING: A tertiary care emergency intensive care unit...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761678/ultrasound-of-jugular-veins-for-assessment-of-acute-dyspnea-in-emergency-departments-and-for-the-assessment-of-acute-heart-failure
#6
Batsheva Tzadok, Shay Shapira, Eran Tal-Or
BACKGROUND: When a patient arrives at the emergency department (ED) presenting with symptoms of acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF), it is possible to reach a definitive diagnosis through many different venues, including medical history, physical examination, echocardiography, chest X-ray, and B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels. Point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) has become a mainstream tool for diagnosis and treatment in the field of emergency medicine, as well as in various other departments in the hospital setting...
May 2018: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753570/xanthogranulomatous-pyelonephritis-a-complicated-febrile-urinary-tract-infection-detected-by-point-of-care-ultrasound-in-the-emergency-department
#7
Ryan Gibbons, Nicole Leonard, Mark Magee, Allison Zanaboni, Jessica Patterson, Thomas Costantino
BACKGROUND: Febrile urinary tract infections (UTIs) include a spectrum of pathologies from uncomplicated pyelonephritis to urosepsis, including xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis (XGP). Most febrile UTIs are treated with antibiotics alone, but studies indicate nearly 12% of cases of presumed simple pyelonephritis require emergent urologic intervention. How to identify these individuals, while limiting unnecessary advanced imaging and delays in diagnosis, challenges all emergency providers...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750955/the-comparing-options-for-management-patient-centered-results-for-uterine-fibroids-compare-uf-registry-rationale-and-design
#8
Elizabeth A Stewart, Barbara L Lytle, Laine Thomas, Ganesa R Wegienka, Vanessa Jacoby, Michael P Diamond, Wanda K Nicholson, Raymond M Anchan, Sateria Venable, Kedra Wallace, Erica E Marsh, George L Maxwell, Bijan J Borah, William H Catherino, Evan R Myers
OBJECTIVE: To design and establish a uterine fibroid (UF) registry based in the United States (US) to provide comparative effectiveness data regarding UF treatment. STUDY DESIGN: We report here the design and initial recruitment for the Comparing Options for Management: Patient-centered Results for Uterine Fibroids (COMPARE-UF) registry (Clinicaltrials.gov, NCT02260752), funded by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) in collaboration with the-Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI)...
May 8, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746179/collaborative-task-sharing-to-enhance-the-point-of-care-ultrasound-pocus-access-among-expectant-women-in-kenya-the-role-of-midwife-sonographers
#9
Sudhir Vinayak, Sharon Brownie
Unrealized maternal and child health goals continue to challenge Kenya where adverse outcomes remain high and diagnostic services are limited. The acute shortage of doctors and radiographers requires alternate human resources for health (HRH) with the ability to identify risk factors in pregnancy through Point-Of-Care Ultrasound (POCUS). A specialist radiologist and ultrasonography team partnered with midwives to adopt interprofessional task sharing and capacity building. Faculty from the Radiology Department of our hospital designed and implemented the project which was carried out at three outreach health service centres...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740831/do-emergency-physicians-rely-on-point-of-care-ultrasound-for-clinical-decision-making-without-additional-confirmatory-testing
#10
Mohamad Moussa, Julie M Stausmire
PURPOSE: It is unknown if Emergency Physicians (EPs) rely solely on Emergency Medicine performed Point-Of-Care Ultrasound (EM-POCUS) for clinical decision making or if they proceed to subsequent "gold standard" studies for confirmatory diagnosis. METHODS: After Institutional Review Board approval, an online survey was distributed by the Ohio Chapter of the American College of Emergency Physicians to its members. RESULTS: The most common EM-POCUS procedures used without confirmatory testing were: determination of cardiac activity during cardiac arrest (81...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738103/bedside-sonography-performed-by-emergency-physicians-to-detect-appendicitis-in-children
#11
Marie Nicole, Marie Pier Desjardins, Jocelyn Gravel
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the ability of emergency physicians with various levels of Point of Care Ultrasound (POCUS) experience to detect appendicitis with POCUS among children visiting a pediatric Emergency Department (ED). METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted in an urban, tertiary care pediatric ED. Children aged 2 to 18 years old who presented with acute abdominal pain suggesting appendicitis were included. Patients were excluded if they had a history of appendectomy, hemodynamic instability requiring resuscitation, or were transferred with proven diagnosis of appendicitis...
May 8, 2018: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730256/the-role-of-imaging-in-prostate-cancer-care-pathway-novel-approaches-to-urologic-management-challenges-along-ten-imaging-touch-points
#12
REVIEW
Qian Li, Feixiang Xiang, Xueying Lin, Joseph R Grajo, Long Yang, Yufeng Xu, Yu Duan, Urvi Vyas, Mukesh Harisinghani, Umar Mahmood, Anthony E Samir
We map out a typical prostate cancer care pathway through discussion of updates on modern imaging. Multiparametric MRI (mpMRI) is the most sensitive and specific imaging tool for diagnosis and local staging, transrectal ultrasound remains the most widely used technique for prostate biopsy guidance, CT and bone scan are useful in initial staging and recurrence detection. Novel imaging techniques in ultrasound elastography and mpMRI allow for increased lesion detection sensitivity and have the potential to enhance biopsy, while the development of new PET radiotracers has great promise for improved detection of local and metastatic disease in patients with biochemical recurrence...
May 3, 2018: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727356/pa-use-of-point-of-care-ultrasound-a-pilot-survey
#13
Denise Rizzolo, Rachel Krackov
Limited research exists on PAs and use of point-of-care (POC) ultrasound. This pilot survey sought to determine current views on and use of POC ultrasound in a small group of PAs. METHODS: The authors developed an anonymous voluntary survey on PA views and use of POC ultrasound. The survey was entered into Qualtrics and e-mailed three times. RESULTS: Nearly 27% of the subjects use ultrasound with 62% feeling confident in their ability to use ultrasound. The top reason for not using ultrasound was lack of access to a machine (50%)...
May 3, 2018: JAAPA: Official Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726623/contemporary-analysis-of-practicing-otolaryngologists
#14
Willard C Harrill, David E Melon, Merritt J Seshul, Marc S Katz, Adam M Zanation
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To investigate contemporary issues facing practicing otolaryngologists including workforce dynamics, ancillary service modeling, otolaryngic allergy integration, ambulatory surgery center utilization, and relevant certificate of need legislation. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey analysis of academic and private practicing otolaryngologists in North and South Carolina in 2016. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was e-mailed to 510 practicing otolaryngologists in North and South Carolina...
May 4, 2018: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716799/emergency-and-critical-care-applications-for-contrast-enhanced-ultrasound
#15
REVIEW
Tobias Kummer, Laura Oh, Mary Beth Phelan, Robert D Huang, Jason T Nomura, Srikar Adhikari
INTRODUCTION: Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) using intravascular microbubbles has potential to revolutionize point-of-care ultrasonography by expanding the use of ultrasonography into clinical scenarios previously reserved for computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging, or angiography. METHODS: We performed a literature search and report clinical experience to provide an introduction to CEUS and describe its current applications for point-of-care indications...
April 22, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29714102/beyond-the-beck-s-triad-the-use-of-point-of-care-ultrasound-for-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-shock
#16
Abhinav Agrawal, Zubair Hasan, Rutuja R Sikachi, Seth Koenig
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708921/point-of-care-ultrasound-in-the-periarrest-setting-lessons-learned-a-case-report
#17
Peter Juhl-Olsen, Rasmus Aagaard, Anni Nørgaard Jeppesen
Point-of-care ultrasound may elucidate reversible causes of cardiac arrest, and its use is supported by international guidelines in the periarrest setting. We present a case in which the treatment of cardiac arrest caused tension pneumothoraces and cardiac tamponade by pneumopericardium. Both pneumothorax and tamponade were expected to be identified with ultrasound, but were not. Subcutaneous emphysema precluded the diagnosis of pneumothorax. Cardiac imaging was false negative for tamponade, because the latter was caused by air and not fluid...
May 1, 2018: A&A practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698340/teaching-point-of-care-lung-ultrasound-to-novice-pediatric-learners-web-based-e-learning-versus-traditional-classroom-didactic
#18
Aun Woon Soon, Amanda Greene Toney, Timothy Stidham, John Kendall, Genie Roosevelt
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether Web-based teaching is at least as effective as traditional classroom didactic in improving the proficiency of pediatric novice learners in the image acquisition and interpretation of pneumothorax and pleural effusion using point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS). METHODS: We conducted a randomized controlled noninferiority study comparing the effectiveness of Web-based teaching to traditional classroom didactic. The participants were randomized to either group A (live classroom lecture) or group B (Web-based lecture) and completed a survey and knowledge test...
April 24, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694406/impact-of-point-of-care-ultrasound-on-clinical-decision-making-at-an-urban-emergency-department-in-tanzania
#19
Teri Ann Reynolds, Stas Amato, Irene Kulola, Chuan-Jay Jeffrey Chen, Juma Mfinanga, Hendry Robert Sawe
BACKGROUND: Point of care ultrasound (PoCUS) is an efficient, inexpensive, safe, and portable imaging modality that can be particularly useful in resource-limited settings. However, its impact on clinical decision making in such settings has not been well studied. The objective of this study is to describe the utilization and impact of PoCUS on clinical decision making at an urban emergency department in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. METHODS: This was a prospective descriptive cross-sectional study of patients receiving PoCUS at Muhimbili National Hospital's Emergency Medical Department (MNH EMD)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693941/pre-anesthetic-whole-body-point-of-care-ultrasonography
#20
Takeshi Nomura, Itaru Watanabe
Point-of-care ultrasonography has become widely used in diagnosis and managements of patients. In the field of anesthesiology, ultrasound guided nerve blocks and central venous catheterization (CVC), and transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) have become popular. Now, ultrasound devices are familiar to anesthesiologists. In pre-anesthetic patient risk evaluation, the sonographic results of transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) or the examination of deep venous thrombus are often helpful for anesthesia planning...
May 2017: Masui. the Japanese Journal of Anesthesiology
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