keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

MDG

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776987/mini-dose-glucagon-as-a-novel-approach-to-prevent-exercise-induced-hypoglycemia-in-type-1-diabetes
#1
Michael R Rickels, Stephanie N DuBose, Elena Toschi, Roy W Beck, Alandra S Verdejo, Howard Wolpert, Martin J Cummins, Brett Newswanger, Michael C Riddell
OBJECTIVE: Patients with type 1 diabetes who do aerobic exercise often experience a drop in blood glucose concentration that can result in hypoglycemia. Current approaches to prevent exercise-induced hypoglycemia include reduction in insulin dose or ingestion of carbohydrates, but these strategies may still result in hypoglycemia or hyperglycemia. We sought to determine whether mini-dose glucagon (MDG) given subcutaneously before exercise could prevent subsequent glucose lowering, and to compare the glycemic response to current approaches for mitigating exercise-associated hypoglycemia...
May 18, 2018: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726482/effect-of-interaction-between-the-internal-cavity-and-external-cavity-on-beam-properties-in-a-spectrally-beam-combined-system
#2
Zhen Wu, Takashi Ito, Hidefumi Akiyama, Bin Zhang
A high-power beam can be achieved in spectrally beam combined systems due to the interaction between internal and external cavities. In order to investigate effects of the coupled cavity on the combined beam, we started with the derivation of the equivalent reflectance and transmittance of the external cavity based on a multilayer dielectric grating (MDG). Then, photons in active regions of diode lasers with/without feedback were calculated by utilizing Lang-Kobayashi rate equations. The results indicate that the lens and the MDG have an obvious impact on both the reflectance and transmittance of the external cavity, which determine whether the photons of a laser with feedback are larger or smaller than those without feedback...
May 1, 2018: Journal of the Optical Society of America. A, Optics, Image Science, and Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720129/availability-affordability-and-costs-of-pediatric-medicines-in-mongolia
#3
Gereltuya Dorj, Bruce Sunderland, Tsetsegmaa Sanjjav, Gantuya Dorj, Byambatsogt Gendenragchaa
BACKGROUND: The Essential Medicines List for Children (EMLc) was developed by the World Health Organization (WHO) to assist member countries to achieve Millennium Development Goals (MDG). The Government of Mongolia has adopted a National Essential Drug List (NEDL) with the seventh update published in 2014. The objective of this study was to determine the accessibility, availability and costs of essential pediatric medicines in Mongolia. METHODS: A standardized methodology developed by the WHO and Health Action International (HAI) was employed to conduct a study on the availability, costs and affordability of pediatric medicines in Mongolia...
May 2, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718891/risk-factors-associated-with-nonsteroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-nsaids-induced-gastrointestinal-bleeding-resulting-on-people-over-60-years-old-in-beijing
#4
Tian-Yu Chi, Hong-Ming Zhu, Mei Zhang
Gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding is an unwanted side effect common to all chemical types of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), particularly in elderly people. However, the risk factors of GI bleeding associated with NSAIDs for elderly people remain unknown. This study aims to evaluate the risks of GI bleeding associated with NSAIDs in 4728 elderly people over 60 years old based on database from a hospital in Beijing.This retrospective hospital-based study included 4728 patients over 60 years old prescribed with NSAIDs, of which 928 patients had GI bleeding and 3800 did not have...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697307/how-states-exerted-power-to-create-the-millennium-development-goals-and-how-this-shaped-the-global-health-agenda-lessons-for-the-sustainable-development-goals-and-the-future-of-global-health
#5
Robert Marten
Since 2000, the eight Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) provided the framework for global development efforts transforming the field now known as global health. The MDGs both reflected and contributed to shaping a normative global health agenda. In the field of global health, the role of the state is largely considered to have diminished; however, this paper reasserts states as actors in the conceptualisation and institutionalisation of the MDGs, and illustrates how states exerted power and engaged in the MDG process...
April 26, 2018: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670054/association-of-place-of-residence-and-under-five-mortality-in-middle-and-low-income-countries-a-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Ian Forde, Vrijesh Tripathi
This review evaluated the association of place of residence (urban/rural) and under-five mortality in middle- and low-income countries. Both English and Spanish language studies conducted during the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) period (1990 to 2015) were reviewed. Twenty-six cross-sectional studies, all in the English language, were selected for further review. Published data were used for this analysis. A funnel plot was produced to ascertain the presence of publication bias. The combined relative risk for under-five mortality was estimated using a random-effects model and a meta-regression was conducted on 15 of the 26 studies...
April 18, 2018: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470144/the-effect-of-mono-and-diglycerides-on-the-digestion-and-absorption-of-lutein-in-lymph-fistula-rats
#7
Patrick Tso, Mustafa Vurma, Chih-Wei Ko, Dana M Lee, Stephen DeMichele
Breastmilk lutein is better absorbed by infants than lutein delivered in infant formula. Therefore, we wish to better understand the possible absorption differences of lutein in breast milk versus infant formula by determining its bioavailability after gastric administration and whether the intestinal absorption of lutein can be improved by using new delivery vehicles. STUDY ONE compared the intestinal uptake, and the lymphatic and portal transport of lutein in conscious lymph fistula rats. Four groups of lymph and portal vein cannulated rats (n = 8-10/group) were randomized to receive via the gastric tube increasing doses (10,20,40,or 80mg/kg) of 20% lutein in safflower oil (SO) suspension to assess whether there was a saturable level of lutein that can be absorbed and transported in lymph...
February 22, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395272/status-and-drivers-of-maternal-newborn-child-and-adolescent-health-in-the-islamic-world-a-comparative-analysis
#8
Nadia Akseer, Mahdis Kamali, Nour Bakhache, Maaz Mirza, Seema Mehta, Sara Al-Gashm, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
BACKGROUND: The Millennium Development Goal (MDG) period saw dramatic gains in health goals MDG 4 and MDG 5 for improving child and maternal health. However, many Muslim countries in the south Asian, Middle Eastern, and African regions lagged behind. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the status of, progress in, and key determinants of reproductive, maternal, newborn, child, and adolescent health in Muslim majority countries (MMCs). The specific objectives were to understand the current status and progress in reproductive, maternal, newborn, child, and adolescent health in MMCs, and the determinants of child survival among the least developed countries among the MMCs; to explore differences in outcomes and the key contextual determinants of health between MMCs and non-MMCs; and to understand the health service coverage and contextual determinants that differ between best and poor or moderate performing MMCs...
April 14, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151374/mono-and-diglycerides-improve-lutein-absorption-in-healthy-adults-a-randomised-double-blind-cross-over-single-dose-study
#9
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Barbara J Marriage, Jennifer A Williams, Yong S Choe, Kevin C Maki, Mustafa Vurma, Stephen J DeMichele
With the association between increased carotenoid intake and lower risk of chronic diseases, the absorption of lutein from the diet becomes an important factor in its delivery and physiological action. The primary objective of this study was to gain an understanding of how a new formulation technology (mixture of mono- and diglycerides (MDG)), affected lutein absorption. Subjects (n 24) were randomised in a cross-over, double-blind study to receive a single dose of 6 mg lutein (FloraGLO 20 %) provided as capsules containing either high-oleic safflower (SAF) oil or a MDG oil...
November 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126701/the-role-of-digital-health-in-making-progress-toward-sustainable-development-goal-sdg-3-in-conflict-affected-populations
#10
Yara M Asi, Cynthia Williams
PURPOSE: The progress of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) shows that sustained global action can achieve success. Despite the unprecedented achievements in health and education, more than one billion people, many of them in conflict-affected areas, were unable to reap the benefits of the MDG gains. The recently developed Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are even more ambitious then their predecessor. SDG 3 prioritizes health and well-being for all ages in specific areas such as maternal mortality, communicable diseases, mental health, and healthcare workforce...
June 2018: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115992/role-of-mhealth-applications-for-improving-antenatal-and-postnatal-care-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#11
Anam Feroz, Shagufta Perveen, Wafa Aftab
BACKGROUND: From 1990 to 2015, the number of maternal deaths globally has dropped by 43%. Despite this, progress in attaining MDG 5 is not remarkable in LMICs. Only 52% of pregnant women in LMICs obtain WHO recommended minimum of four antenatal consultations and the coverage of postnatal care is relatively poor. In recent years, the increased cellphone penetration has brought the potential for mHealth to improve preventive maternal healthcare services. The objective of this review is to assess the effectiveness of mHealth solutions on a range of maternal health outcomes by categorizing the interventions according to the types of mHealth applications...
November 7, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104767/monitoring-sustainable-development-goal-3-how-ready-are-the-health-information-systems-in-low-income-and-middle-income-countries
#12
REVIEW
Juliet Nabyonga-Orem
Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) present a broader scope and take a holistic multisectoral approach to development as opposed to the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). While keeping the health MDG agenda, SDG3 embraces the growing challenge of non-communicable diseases and their risk factors. The broader scope of the SDG agenda, the need for a multisectoral approach and the emphasis on equity present monitoring challenges to health information systems of low-income and middle-income countries. The narrow scope and weaknesses in existing information systems, a multiplicity of data collection systems designed along disease programme and the lack of capacity for data analysis are among the limitations to be addressed...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094630/the-role-of-public-health-nutrition-in-achieving-the-sustainable-development-goals-in-the-asia-pacific-region
#13
Colin Binns, Mi Kyung Lee, Wah Yun Low, Alfred Zerfas
The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) replaced the Millennium Development Goals (MDCs) in 2015, which included several goals and targets primarily related to nutrition: to eradicate extreme poverty and hunger and to reduce child mortality and improve maternal health. In the Asia-Pacific Academic Consortium for Public Health (APACPH) member countries as a group, infant and child mortality were reduced by more than 65% between 1990 and 2015, achieving the MDG target of two-thirds reduction, although these goals were not achieved by several smaller countries...
October 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047509/beam-modulation-due-to-thermal-deformation-of-grating-in-a-spectral-beam-combining-system
#14
Linxin Li, Yunxia Jin, Fanyu Kong, Leilei Wang, Junming Chen, Jianda Shao
As the power of a spectral beam combining (SBC) system increases, the temperature of the multilayer dielectric grating (MDG) inevitably rises under the influence of high-power continuous-wave (CW) laser irradiation. Hence, thermal deformation of the MDG occurs, along with degeneration of the combined beam properties. In this study, we experimentally and theoretically investigate the influence of the MDG thermal deformation on the combined beam properties. An experimental setup is first proposed, in which beam quality M2 , beam profile, and MDG wavefront deformation are investigated...
July 1, 2017: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041112/ultra-multiband-absorption-enhancement-of-graphene-in-a-metal-dielectric-graphene-sandwich-structure-covering-terahertz-to-mid-infrared-regime
#15
Zongpeng Wang, Yumin Hou
We investigate the absorption enhancement of an unstructured graphene sheet in a broad frequency range from terahertz (THz) to mid-infrared regime. Ultra-multiband graphene absorption enhancement is observed by integrating graphene in a metal-dielectric-graphene (MDG) sandwich structure for polarized waves. Multiple order Fabry-Perot (FP) resonances are demonstrated to be responsible for the multiband absorption. Furthermore, perfect absorption is realized by introducing the MDG structure on a metal reflector to suppress the transmission channel...
August 7, 2017: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038182/protocol-for-a-scoping-review-to-identify-and-map-the-global-health-personnel-considered-skilled-attendants-at-birth-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-between-2000-and-2015
#16
Amy J Hobbs, Ann-Beth Moller, Liliana Carvajal-Aguirre, Agbessi Amouzou, Doris Chou, Lale Say
INTRODUCTION: Despite progress towards the Millennium Development Goals (MDG), maternal mortality remains high in countries where there are shortages of skilled personnel able to manage and provide quality care during pregnancy and childbirth. The 'percentage of births attended by skilled health personnel' (SAB, skilled attendants at birth) was a key indicator for tracking progress since the MDGs and is part of the Sustainable Development Goal agenda. However, due to contextual differences between and within countries on the definition of SAB, a lack of clarity exists around the training, competencies, and skills they are qualified to perform...
October 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990917/assessing-the-health-impact-of-malaria-control-interventions-in-the-mdg-sustainable-development-goal-era-a-new-generation-of-impact-evaluations
#17
Alexander K Rowe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981762/malawi-three-district-evaluation-community-based-maternal-and-newborn-care-economic-analysis
#18
Giulia Greco, Emmanuelle Daviaud, Helen Owen, Reuben Ligowe, Emmanuel Chimbalanga, Tanya Guenther, Nathalie Gamache, Evelyn Zimba, Joy E Lawn
Malawi is one of few low-income countries in sub-Saharan Africa to have met the fourth Millennium Development Goal for child survival (MDG 4). To accelerate progress towards MDGs, the Malawi Ministry of Health's Reproductive Health Unit - in partnership with Save the Children, UNICEF and others - implemented a Community Based Maternal and Newborn Care (CBMNC) package, integrated within the existing community-based system. Multi-purpose Health Surveillance Assistants (HSAs) already employed by the local government were trained to conduct five core home visits...
October 1, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958464/mapping-under-5-and-neonatal-mortality-in-africa-2000-15-a-baseline-analysis-for-the-sustainable-development-goals
#19
Nick Golding, Roy Burstein, Joshua Longbottom, Annie J Browne, Nancy Fullman, Aaron Osgood-Zimmerman, Lucas Earl, Samir Bhatt, Ewan Cameron, Daniel C Casey, Laura Dwyer-Lindgren, Tamer H Farag, Abraham D Flaxman, Maya S Fraser, Peter W Gething, Harry S Gibson, Nicholas Graetz, L Kendall Krause, Xie Rachel Kulikoff, Stephen S Lim, Bonnie Mappin, Chloe Morozoff, Robert C Reiner, Amber Sligar, David L Smith, Haidong Wang, Daniel J Weiss, Christopher J L Murray, Catherine L Moyes, Simon I Hay
BACKGROUND: During the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) era, many countries in Africa achieved marked reductions in under-5 and neonatal mortality. Yet the pace of progress toward these goals substantially varied at the national level, demonstrating an essential need for tracking even more local trends in child mortality. With the adoption of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in 2015, which established ambitious targets for improving child survival by 2030, optimal intervention planning and targeting will require understanding of trends and rates of progress at a higher spatial resolution...
November 11, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924272/achievements-of-healthcare-services-vis-a-vis-the-mdg-targets-evidence-from-pakistan
#20
Saeeda Batool, Ather Maqsood Ahmed
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of public healthcare facilities and socio-economic circumstances on the status of child health. METHODS: The study was conducted at the School of Social Sciences and Humanities of the National University of Sciences and Technology, Islamabad, Pakistan. The human opportunity index framework was used to measure the trends in health inequalities and coverage using Pakistan Social and Living Standards Measurement dataset from year 2001-02 to 2012-13 at national and provincial levels...
September 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
keyword
keyword
87539
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"