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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151374/mono-and-diglycerides-improve-lutein-absorption-in-healthy-adults-a-randomised-double-blind-cross-over-single-dose-study
#1
Barbara J Marriage, Jennifer A Williams, Yong S Choe, Kevin C Maki, Mustafa Vurma, Stephen J DeMichele
With the association between increased carotenoid intake and lower risk of chronic diseases, the absorption of lutein from the diet becomes an important factor in its delivery and physiological action. The primary objective of this study was to gain an understanding of how a new formulation technology (mixture of mono- and diglycerides (MDG)), affected lutein absorption. Subjects (n 24) were randomised in a cross-over, double-blind study to receive a single dose of 6 mg lutein (FloraGLO 20 %) provided as capsules containing either high-oleic safflower (SAF) oil or a MDG oil...
November 20, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126701/the-role-of-digital-health-in-making-progress-toward-sustainable-development-goal-sdg-3-in-conflict-affected-populations
#2
Yara M Asi, Cynthia Williams
PURPOSE: The progress of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) shows that sustained global action can achieve success. Despite the unprecedented achievements in health and education, more than one billion people, many of them in conflict-affected areas, were unable to reap the benefits of the MDG gains. The recently developed Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are even more ambitious then their predecessor. SDG 3 prioritizes health and well-being for all ages in specific areas such as maternal mortality, communicable diseases, mental health, and healthcare workforce...
November 6, 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115992/role-of-mhealth-applications-for-improving-antenatal-and-postnatal-care-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#3
Anam Feroz, Shagufta Perveen, Wafa Aftab
BACKGROUND: From 1990 to 2015, the number of maternal deaths globally has dropped by 43%. Despite this, progress in attaining MDG 5 is not remarkable in LMICs. Only 52% of pregnant women in LMICs obtain WHO recommended minimum of four antenatal consultations and the coverage of postnatal care is relatively poor. In recent years, the increased cellphone penetration has brought the potential for mHealth to improve preventive maternal healthcare services. The objective of this review is to assess the effectiveness of mHealth solutions on a range of maternal health outcomes by categorizing the interventions according to the types of mHealth applications...
November 7, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104767/monitoring-sustainable-development-goal-3-how-ready-are-the-health-information-systems-in-low-income-and-middle-income-countries
#4
REVIEW
Juliet Nabyonga-Orem
Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) present a broader scope and take a holistic multisectoral approach to development as opposed to the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). While keeping the health MDG agenda, SDG3 embraces the growing challenge of non-communicable diseases and their risk factors. The broader scope of the SDG agenda, the need for a multisectoral approach and the emphasis on equity present monitoring challenges to health information systems of low-income and middle-income countries. The narrow scope and weaknesses in existing information systems, a multiplicity of data collection systems designed along disease programme and the lack of capacity for data analysis are among the limitations to be addressed...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094630/the-role-of-public-health-nutrition-in-achieving-the-sustainable-development-goals-in-the-asia-pacific-region
#5
Colin Binns, Mi Kyung Lee, Wah Yun Low, Alfred Zerfas
The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) replaced the Millennium Development Goals (MDCs) in 2015, which included several goals and targets primarily related to nutrition: to eradicate extreme poverty and hunger and to reduce child mortality and improve maternal health. In the Asia-Pacific Academic Consortium for Public Health (APACPH) member countries as a group, infant and child mortality were reduced by more than 65% between 1990 and 2015, achieving the MDG target of two-thirds reduction, although these goals were not achieved by several smaller countries...
October 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047509/beam-modulation-due-to-thermal-deformation-of-grating-in-a-spectral-beam-combining-system
#6
Linxin Li, Yunxia Jin, Fanyu Kong, Leilei Wang, Junming Chen, Jianda Shao
As the power of a spectral beam combining (SBC) system increases, the temperature of the multilayer dielectric grating (MDG) inevitably rises under the influence of high-power continuous-wave (CW) laser irradiation. Hence, thermal deformation of the MDG occurs, along with degeneration of the combined beam properties. In this study, we experimentally and theoretically investigate the influence of the MDG thermal deformation on the combined beam properties. An experimental setup is first proposed, in which beam quality M(2), beam profile, and MDG wavefront deformation are investigated...
July 1, 2017: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041112/ultra-multiband-absorption-enhancement-of-graphene-in-a-metal-dielectric-graphene-sandwich-structure-covering-terahertz-to-mid-infrared-regime
#7
Zongpeng Wang, Yumin Hou
We investigate the absorption enhancement of an unstructured graphene sheet in a broad frequency range from terahertz (THz) to mid-infrared regime. Ultra-multiband graphene absorption enhancement is observed by integrating graphene in a metal-dielectric-graphene (MDG) sandwich structure for polarized waves. Multiple order Fabry-Perot (FP) resonances are demonstrated to be responsible for the multiband absorption. Furthermore, perfect absorption is realized by introducing the MDG structure on a metal reflector to suppress the transmission channel...
August 7, 2017: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038182/protocol-for-a-scoping-review-to-identify-and-map-the-global-health-personnel-considered-skilled-attendants-at-birth-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-between-2000-and-2015
#8
Amy J Hobbs, Ann-Beth Moller, Liliana Carvajal-Aguirre, Agbessi Amouzou, Doris Chou, Lale Say
INTRODUCTION: Despite progress towards the Millennium Development Goals (MDG), maternal mortality remains high in countries where there are shortages of skilled personnel able to manage and provide quality care during pregnancy and childbirth. The 'percentage of births attended by skilled health personnel' (SAB, skilled attendants at birth) was a key indicator for tracking progress since the MDGs and is part of the Sustainable Development Goal agenda. However, due to contextual differences between and within countries on the definition of SAB, a lack of clarity exists around the training, competencies, and skills they are qualified to perform...
October 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990917/assessing-the-health-impact-of-malaria-control-interventions-in-the-mdg-sustainable-development-goal-era-a-new-generation-of-impact-evaluations
#9
Alexander K Rowe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981762/malawi-three-district-evaluation-community-based-maternal-and-newborn-care-economic-analysis
#10
Giulia Greco, Emmanuelle Daviaud, Helen Owen, Reuben Ligowe, Emmanuel Chimbalanga, Tanya Guenther, Nathalie Gamache, Evelyn Zimba, Joy E Lawn
Malawi is one of few low-income countries in sub-Saharan Africa to have met the fourth Millennium Development Goal for child survival (MDG 4). To accelerate progress towards MDGs, the Malawi Ministry of Health's Reproductive Health Unit - in partnership with Save the Children, UNICEF and others - implemented a Community Based Maternal and Newborn Care (CBMNC) package, integrated within the existing community-based system. Multi-purpose Health Surveillance Assistants (HSAs) already employed by the local government were trained to conduct five core home visits...
October 1, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958464/mapping-under-5-and-neonatal-mortality-in-africa-2000-15-a-baseline-analysis-for-the-sustainable-development-goals
#11
Nick Golding, Roy Burstein, Joshua Longbottom, Annie J Browne, Nancy Fullman, Aaron Osgood-Zimmerman, Lucas Earl, Samir Bhatt, Ewan Cameron, Daniel C Casey, Laura Dwyer-Lindgren, Tamer H Farag, Abraham D Flaxman, Maya S Fraser, Peter W Gething, Harry S Gibson, Nicholas Graetz, L Kendall Krause, Xie Rachel Kulikoff, Stephen S Lim, Bonnie Mappin, Chloe Morozoff, Robert C Reiner, Amber Sligar, David L Smith, Haidong Wang, Daniel J Weiss, Christopher J L Murray, Catherine L Moyes, Simon I Hay
BACKGROUND: During the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) era, many countries in Africa achieved marked reductions in under-5 and neonatal mortality. Yet the pace of progress toward these goals substantially varied at the national level, demonstrating an essential need for tracking even more local trends in child mortality. With the adoption of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in 2015, which established ambitious targets for improving child survival by 2030, optimal intervention planning and targeting will require understanding of trends and rates of progress at a higher spatial resolution...
September 25, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924272/achievements-of-healthcare-services-vis-a-vis-the-mdg-targets-evidence-from-pakistan
#12
Saeeda Batool, Ather Maqsood Ahmed
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of public healthcare facilities and socio-economic circumstances on the status of child health. METHODS: The study was conducted at the School of Social Sciences and Humanities of the National University of Sciences and Technology, Islamabad, Pakistan. The human opportunity index framework was used to measure the trends in health inequalities and coverage using Pakistan Social and Living Standards Measurement dataset from year 2001-02 to 2012-13 at national and provincial levels...
September 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912949/a-comprehensive-analysis-on-child-mortality-and-its-determinants-in-bangladesh-using-frailty-models
#13
Jahidur Rahman Khan, Nabil Awan
BACKGROUND: Bangladesh has experienced a significant reduction of child mortality over the past decades which helped achieve the Millennium Development Goal 4 (MDG 4) target. But the mortality among under-5 aged children is still relatively high and it needs a substantial effort to achieve the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) target and decelerate the current rate of under-5 mortality. At this stage, it is hence important to explore the trend and determinants of under-5 mortality in order to reduce the vulnerability of child's survival...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894272/t-cell-tolerance-and-exhaustion-in-the-clearance-of-echinococcus-multilocularis-role-of-inoculum-size-in-a-quantitative-hepatic-experimental-model
#14
Chuanshan Zhang, Yingmei Shao, Shuting Yang, Xiaojuan Bi, Liang Li, Hui Wang, Ning Yang, Zhide Li, Cheng Sun, Liang Li, Guodong Lü, Tuerganaili Aji, Dominique A Vuitton, Renyong Lin, Hao Wen
The local immune mechanisms responsible for either self-healing or sustained chronic infection are not clear, in the development of E. multilocularis larvae. Here, we developed a suitable experimental model that mimics naturally infected livers, according to the parasite load. We demonstrated that local cellular immunity and fibrogenesis are actually protective and fully able to limit metacestode growth in the liver of low or medium dose-infected mice (LDG or MDG), or even to clear it, while impairment of cellular immunity is followed by a more rapid and severe course of the disease in high dose-infected mice (HDG)...
September 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885549/mdg-1-a-potential-regulator-of-ppar%C3%AE-and-ppar%C3%AE-ameliorates-dyslipidemia-in-mice
#15
Xu Wang, Linlin Shi, Sun Joyce, Yuan Wang, Yi Feng
Hyperlipidemia is a serious epidemic disease caused by lipid metabolism disorder, which is harmful to human health. MDG-1, a β-d-fructan polysaccharide extracted from Ophiopogon japonicus, has been shown to improve abnormal blood lipid levels and alleviate diabetes. However, the underlying mechanism on hyperlipidemia is largely unknown. In this study, male C57BL/6 mice were randomly separated into three groups, respectively: low-fat diet (Con), high-fat diet (HFD), and high-fat diet plus 5‰ MDG-1 (HFD + MDG-1)...
September 8, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867962/vaccine-research-and-development-tuberculosis-as-a-global-health-threat
#16
REVIEW
Mohammed Maikudi Usman, Salmah Ismail, Teow Chong Teoh
One of the aims of the World Health Organisation (WHO) Millennium Development Goals (MDG) is to reduce the number of cases of tuberculosis (TB) infection by the year 2015. However, 9 million new cases were reported in 2013, with an estimated 480,000 new cases of multi-drug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) globally. Bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) is the most available and currently used candidate vaccine against tuberculosis; it prevents childhood TB, but its effectiveness against pulmonary TB in adults and adolescents is disputed...
2017: Central-European Journal of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857388/metformin-extended-release-versus-immediate-release-an-international-randomized-double-blind-head-to-head-trial-in-pharmacotherapy-na%C3%A3-ve-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#17
Naresh Aggarwal, Anuj Singla, Chantal Mathieu, Eduard Montanya, Andreas F H Pfeiffer, Eva Johnsson, June Zhao, Nayyar Iqbal, Clifford Bailey
This international, randomized, double-blind trial (NCT01864174) compared the efficacy and safety of metformin extended-release (XR) and immediate-release (IR) in patients with type 2 diabetes. After a 4-week placebo lead-in, pharmacotherapy-naïve adults with glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) at 7.0% to 9.2% were randomized (1:1) to receive once-daily metformin XR 2000 mg or twice-daily metformin IR 1000 mg for 24 weeks. The primary endpoint was change in HbA1c after 24 weeks. Secondary endpoints were change in fasting plasma glucose (FPG), mean daily glucose (MDG) and patients (%) with HbA1c <7...
August 31, 2017: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851302/maternal-mortality-audit-in-suriname-between-2010-and-2014-a-reproductive-age-mortality-survey
#18
Lachmi R Kodan, Kim J C Verschueren, Jos van Roosmalen, Humphrey H H Kanhai, Kitty W M Bloemenkamp
BACKGROUND: The fifth Millennium Development Goal (MDG-5) aimed to improve maternal health, targeting a maternal mortality ratio (MMR) reduction of 75% between 1990 and 2015. The objective of this study was to identify all maternal deaths in Suriname, determine the extent of underreporting, estimate the reduction, audit the maternal deaths and assess underlying causes and substandard care factors. METHODS: A reproductive age mortality survey was conducted in Suriname (South-American upper-middle income country) between 2010 and 2014 to identify all maternal deaths in the country...
August 29, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818090/trends-in-maternal-and-neonatal-mortality-in-south-africa-a-systematic-review-protocol
#19
Damian J Damian, Bernard Njau, Ester Lisasi, Sia E Msuya, Andrew Boulle
BACKGROUND: Measuring and monitoring progress towards Millennium Development Goals (MDG) 4 and 5 requires valid and reliable estimates of maternal and neonatal mortality. In South Africa, there are conflicting reports on the estimates of maternal and neonatal mortality, derived from both direct and indirect estimation techniques. This study aims to systematically review the estimates made of maternal and neonatal mortality in the period from 1990 to 2015 in South Africa and determine trends over this period...
August 17, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816556/maternal-mortality-in-the-last-triennium-of-the-millennium-development-goal-era-at-the-obafemi-awolowo-university-teaching-hospitals-complex-ile-ife-nigeria
#20
Ibraheem Olayemi Awowole, Olusegun Olalekan Badejoko, Oluwafemi Kuti, Omotade Adebimpe Ijarotimi, Oluwaseun Oludotun Sowemimo, Ifeoluwa Emmanuel Ogunduyile
The maternal mortality ratio (MMR) of Nigeria remains high. This retrospective study aims to suggest evidence-based strategies towards achieving the sustainable development goal target 3.1 at the Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospital (OAUTHC), Nigeria by providing contemporary data on MMR between October 2012 and September 2015. There were 86 maternal deaths and 5243 live births over the triennium, with annual MMRs of 1744, 1622 and 1512/100,000 live births, respectively. Fifty-six (65.2%) were postpartum deaths, while 44 (51...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
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