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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903352/-using-the-concept-of-universal-health-coverage-to-promote-the-health-system-reform-in-china
#1
S L Hu
The paper is systematically explained the definition, contents of universal health coverage (UHC). Universal health coverage calls for all people to have access to quality health services they need without facing undue financial burden. The relationship between five main attributes, i.e., quality, efficiency, equity, accountability and resilience, and their 15 action plans has been explained. The nature of UHC is belonged to the State and government. The core function is commitment with equality. The whole-of-system method is used to promoting the health system reform...
November 6, 2016: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857294/influence-of-thermal-deformation-of-a-multilayer-dielectric-grating-on-a-spectrally-combined-beam
#2
Lei Yang, Zhen Wu, Bin Zhang
In spectral beam combining (SBC) systems, temperature rise inevitably happens to the multilayer dielectric grating (MDG) due to irradiation of the high-power continuous-wave (CW) laser, resulting in thermal deformation of the MDG and degradation of the characteristics of the combined beam due to thermal deformation of the grating. The calculation model of thermal deformation of the MDG has been proposed, and the distributions of temperature field and thermal deformation of the grating have been analyzed. On this basis, a propagation model of a SBC system has further been built up...
November 10, 2016: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847005/epidemiology-of-multidrug-resistant-extensively-drug-resistant-and-totally-drug-resistant-tuberculosis-in-middle-east-countries
#3
REVIEW
Mohanad M Ahmed, Ali A Velayati, Suhad H Mohammed
The 2015 represent the deadline for the global tuberculosis (TB) targets set through the Millennium Development Goals (MDG). From 2016 and onward, new goals were set to end the global TB epidemic via implementing new campaign entitled "the End TB Strategy". The major hurdle to end TB epidemic in several parts of the world is the emergence and spread of drug resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) strains. The better understanding of the actual global burden of drug resistant tuberculosis would feed into better implementing the End TB Strategy...
September 2016: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836074/maternal-and-neonatal-health-in-africa-at-mdg-end-availability-of-and-access-to-maternal-health-services-and-outcomes-of-intervention-strategies
#4
EDITORIAL
Seni Kouanda, Rita Kabra, Alexandre Dumont
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832778/inequality-in-the-use-of-maternal-and-child-health-services-in-the-philippines-do-pro-poor-health-policies-result-in-more-equitable-use-of-services
#5
Karlo Paolo P Paredes
BACKGROUND: The Philippines failed to achieve its Millennium Development Goal (MDG) commitment to reduce maternal deaths by three quarters. This, together with the recently launched Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), reinforces the need for the country to keep up in improving reach of maternal and child health (MCH) services. Inequitable use of health services is a risk factor for the differences in health outcomes across socio-economic groups. This study aims to explore the extent of inequities in the use of MCH services in the Philippines after pro-poor national health policy reforms...
November 10, 2016: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800732/how-the-nursing-profession-can-contribute-to-sustainable-development-goals
#6
David Benton, Franklin Shaffer
As of 1 January 2016, the UN sustainable development goals (SDGs) became the focus of global efforts on a wide range of development agenda. The SDGs have subsumed the work of the UN millennium development goals (MDGs), so it is timely to reflect on the contribution made by nurses and midwives, so that we can optimise the profession's contribution to the 17 SDGs. This article reports the results of a scientometrics analysis of the published literature related to the MDGs and SDGs indexed in CINAHL, which identified the underlying themes addressed by nurses and midwives...
November 1, 2016: Nursing Management (Harrow)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752185/comparison-of-maternal-health-services-and-indicators-in-three-districts-of-the-volta-region-ghana
#7
Eun Woo Nam, Afisah Zakariah, Festus Adams, Young Suk Jun, Richard Adanu
BACKGROUND: Ghana's maternal mortality ratio continues to decline, but is not expected to meet the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) 5 target. The Ghana Health Service and Ministry of Health have displayed a high commitment to the improvement of maternal health in the country. One of the most recent partnerships directed at this is with the Korea International Cooperation Agency. METHODS: This study was conducted among women between ages 15 and 49 resident in Keta Municipal, Ketu North and Ketu South districts in the Volta Region of Ghana who were pregnant or who had children aged less than five...
September 2016: Ghana Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733286/global-regional-and-national-levels-of-maternal-mortality-1990-2015-a-systematic-analysis-for-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2015
#8
COMMENT
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: In transitioning from the Millennium Development Goal to the Sustainable Development Goal era, it is imperative to comprehensively assess progress toward reducing maternal mortality to identify areas of success, remaining challenges, and frame policy discussions. We aimed to quantify maternal mortality throughout the world by underlying cause and age from 1990 to 2015. METHODS: We estimated maternal mortality at the global, regional, and national levels from 1990 to 2015 for ages 10-54 years by systematically compiling and processing all available data sources from 186 of 195 countries and territories, 11 of which were analysed at the subnational level...
October 8, 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665228/measuring-the-health-related-sustainable-development-goals-in-188-countries-a-baseline-analysis-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2015
#9
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: In September, 2015, the UN General Assembly established the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The SDGs specify 17 universal goals, 169 targets, and 230 indicators leading up to 2030. We provide an analysis of 33 health-related SDG indicators based on the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2015 (GBD 2015). METHODS: We applied statistical methods to systematically compiled data to estimate the performance of 33 health-related SDG indicators for 188 countries from 1990 to 2015...
October 8, 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651607/maternal-near-miss-a-valuable-contribution-in-maternal-care
#10
Singh Abha, Shrivastava Chandrashekhar, Dube Sonal
BACKGROUND: MMR has always been recognized as an important indicator of quality of health services. The MMR in India has so far not reached up to the required MDG 2015. If we look into this matter with the eagle's eye view, then there are certain gray areas which need attention. For this, it is not the maternal mortality but the maternal near miss which has to be focused. OBJECTIVES: To audit the maternal near miss in our institution and to review the pathways that lead to severe maternal morbidity and death...
October 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634209/countdown-to-2015-country-case-studies-what-can-analysis-of-national-health-financing-contribute-to-understanding-mdg-4-and-5-progress
#11
Carlyn Mann, Courtney Ng, Nadia Akseer, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Josephine Borghi, Tim Colbourn, Patricia Hernández-Peña, Luis Huicho, Muhammad Ashar Malik, Melisa Martinez-Alvarez, Spy Munthali, Ahmad Shah Salehi, Mekonnen Tadesse, Mohammed Yassin, Peter Berman
BACKGROUND: Countdown to 2015 (Countdown) supported countries to produce case studies that examine how and why progress was made toward the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) 4 and 5. Analysing how health-financing data explains improvements in RMNCH outcomes was one of the components to the case studies. METHODS: This paper presents a descriptive analysis on health financing from six Countdown case studies (Afghanistan, Ethiopia, Malawi, Pakistan, Peru, and Tanzania), supplemented by additional data from global databases and country reports on macroeconomic, health financing, demographic, and RMNCH outcome data as needed...
2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27633919/countdown-to-2015-country-case-studies-what-have-we-learned-about-processes-and-progress-towards-mdgs-4-and-5
#12
Corrina Moucheraud, Helen Owen, Neha S Singh, Courtney Kuonin Ng, Jennifer Requejo, Joy E Lawn, Peter Berman
BACKGROUND: Countdown to 2015 was a multi-institution consortium tracking progress towards Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) 4 and 5. Case studies to explore factors contributing to progress (or lack of progress) in reproductive, maternal, newborn and child health (RMNCH) were undertaken in: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, China, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Niger, Pakistan, Peru, and Tanzania. This paper aims to identify cross-cutting themes on how and why these countries achieved or did not achieve MDG progress...
2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27613502/the-effect-of-increasing-the-supply-of-skilled-health-providers-on-pregnancy-and-birth-outcomes-evidence-from-the-midwives-service-scheme-in-nigeria
#13
Edward Okeke, Peter Glick, Amalavoyal Chari, Isa Sadeeq Abubakar, Emma Pitchforth, Josephine Exley, Usman Bashir, Kun Gu, Obinna Onwujekwe
BACKGROUND: Limited availability of skilled health providers in developing countries is thought to be an important barrier to achieving maternal and child health-related MDG goals. Little is known, however, about the extent to which scaling-up supply of health providers will lead to improved pregnancy and birth outcomes. We study the effects of the Midwives Service Scheme (MSS), a public sector program in Nigeria that increased the supply of skilled midwives in rural communities on pregnancy and birth outcomes...
2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27558221/temporal-trends-in-childhood-mortality-in-ghana-impacts-and-challenges-of-health-policies-and-programs
#14
Gbenga A Kayode, Diederick E Grobbee, Augustina Koduah, Mary Amoakoh-Coleman, Irene A Agyepong, Evelyn Ansah, Han van Dijk, Kerstin Klipstein-Grobusch
BACKGROUND: Following the adoption of the Millennium Development Goal 4 (MDG 4) in Ghana to reduce under-five mortality by two-thirds between 1990 and 2015, efforts were made towards its attainment. However, impacts and challenges of implemented intervention programs have not been examined to inform implementation of Sustainable Development Goal 3.2 (SDG 3.2) that seeks to end preventable deaths of newborns and children aged under-five. Thus, this study aimed to compare trends in neonatal, infant, and under-five mortality over two decades and to highlight the impacts and challenges of health policies and intervention programs implemented...
2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27537606/optical-defocus-rapidly-changes-choroidal-thickness-in-schoolchildren
#15
Danyang Wang, Rachel Ka Man Chun, Manli Liu, Roger Pak Kin Lee, Yuan Sun, Ting Zhang, Chuen Lam, Quan Liu, Chi Ho To
The current study aimed to examine the short-term choroidal response to optical defocus in schoolchildren. Myopic schoolchildren aged 8-16 were randomly allocated to control group (CG), myopic defocus group (MDG) and hyperopic defocus group (HDG) (n = 17 per group). Children in MDG and HDG received additional +3D and -3D lenses, respectively, to their full corrections on the right eyes. Full correction was given to their left eyes, and on both eyes in the CG. Axial length (AXL) and subfoveal choroidal thickness (SFChT) were then measured by spectral domain optical coherence tomography...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27533047/use-of-a-semi-physiological-pharmacokinetic-model-to-investigate-the-influence-of-itraconazole-on-tacrolimus-absorption-distribution-and-metabolism-in-mice
#16
Xue-Feng Lu, Jian Zhan, Yang Zhou, Kai-Shun Bi, Xiao-Hui Chen
1. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of itraconazole (ITCZ) on tacrolimus absorption, distribution and metabolism by developing a semi-physiological pharmacokinetic model of tacrolimus in mice. 2. Mice were randomly divided into four groups, namely control group (CG, taking 3 mg·kg(-1) tacrolimus only), low-dose group (LDG, taking tacrolimus with 12.5 mg·kg(-1) ITCZ), medium-dose group (MDG, taking tacrolimus with 25 mg·kg(-1) ITCZ) and high-dose group (HDG, taking tacrolimus with 50 mg·kg(-1) ITCZ)...
August 17, 2016: Xenobiotica; the Fate of Foreign Compounds in Biological Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27511928/discretionary-foods-have-a-high-contribution-and-fruit-vegetables-and-legumes-have-a-low-contribution-to-the-total-energy-intake-of-the-mexican-population
#17
REVIEW
Tania C Aburto, Lilia S Pedraza, Tania G Sánchez-Pimienta, Carolina Batis, Juan A Rivera
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity prevalences in Mexico are among the highest in the world, with dietary factors being the third-leading category of risk contributing to the burden of disease. Consequently, studying the compliance of the Mexican population to food-based dietary recommendations is essential for informing nutritional policies. OBJECTIVES: We described the energy contribution of food groups to total dietary energy intake of the Mexican population and by sociodemographic subgroups and compared these results with Mexican dietary recommendations...
September 2016: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27508455/identification-of-genes-involved-in-breast-cancer-metastasis-by-integrating-protein-protein-interaction-information-with-expression-data
#18
Xin Tian, Mingyuan Xin, Jian Luo, Mingyao Liu, Zhenran Jiang
The selection of relevant genes for breast cancer metastasis is critical for the treatment and prognosis of cancer patients. Although much effort has been devoted to the gene selection procedures by use of different statistical analysis methods or computational techniques, the interpretation of the variables in the resulting survival models has been limited so far. This article proposes a new Random Forest (RF)-based algorithm to identify important variables highly related with breast cancer metastasis, which is based on the important scores of two variable selection algorithms, including the mean decrease Gini (MDG) criteria of Random Forest and the GeneRank algorithm with protein-protein interaction (PPI) information...
August 10, 2016: Journal of Computational Biology: a Journal of Computational Molecular Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27497290/exploring-the-determinants-of-sanitation-success-in-sub-saharan-africa
#19
Muchaneta Munamati, Innocent Nhapi, Shepherd Misi
Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) missed the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) sanitation target by a wide margin. However, there are a few African countries which made remarkable progress towards achieving the sanitation target. While the general factors that influence sanitation success are widely known, some of the few studies that have investigated the SSA sanitation situation have arrived at different conclusions regarding the determinants of sanitation success. The objectives of this paper were to establish the key determinants of sanitation success in SSA countries and to classify the SSA countries based on factors associated with sanitation success...
October 15, 2016: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27495904/puerperal-sepsis-the-leading-cause-of-maternal-deaths-at-a-tertiary-university-teaching-hospital-in-uganda
#20
Joseph Ngonzi, Yarine Fajardo Tornes, Peter Kivunike Mukasa, Wasswa Salongo, Jerome Kabakyenga, Masembe Sezalio, Kristien Wouters, Yves Jacqueym, Jean-Pierre Van Geertruyden
BACKGROUND: Maternal mortality is highest in sub-Saharan Africa. In Uganda, the WHO- MDG 5 (aimed at reducing maternal mortality by 75 % between 1990 and 2015) has not been attained. The current maternal mortality ratio (MMR) in Uganda is 438 per 100,000 live births coming from 550 per 100,000 in 1990. This study sets out to find causes and predictors of maternal deaths in a tertiary University teaching Hospital in Uganda. METHODS: The study was a retrospective unmatched case control study which was carried out at the maternity unit of Mbarara Regional Referral Hospital (MRRH)...
2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
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