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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196943/association-between-community-management-of-pneumonia-and-diarrhoea-in-high-burden-countries-and-the-decline-in-under-five-mortality-rates-an-ecological-analysis
#1
Cynthia Boschi-Pinto, Thandassery Ramachandran Dilip, Anthony Costello
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the paper is to explore if the adoption of national policies to use community-based health providers for the management of pneumonia and diarrhoea is associated with the decline in under-five mortality, including achievement of the Millennium Development Goal (MDG)4 target, in high-burden countries. SETTING: This country level analysis covers 75 high-burden low-income and middle-income countries which accounted for 98% of the 5.9 million global under-five deaths in 2015...
February 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192478/factors-associated-with-the-utilization-of-institutional-delivery-services-in-bangladesh
#2
Sanni Yaya, Ghose Bishwajit, Michael Ekholuenetale
INTRODUCTION: Bangladesh has made remarkable progress towards reducing its maternal mortality rate (MMR) over the last two decades and is one of the few countries on track to achieving the MMR-related Millennium Development Goals (MDG-5A). However, the provision of universal access to reproductive healthcare (MDG-5B) and the utilization of maternal healthcare services (MHS) such as institutional delivery, which are crucial to the reduction of maternal mortality, are far behind the internationally agreed-upon target...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182796/a-long-way-to-go-estimates-of-combined-water-sanitation-and-hygiene-coverage-for-25-sub-saharan-african-countries
#3
Rachel Roche, Robert Bain, Oliver Cumming
BACKGROUND: Water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) are essential for a healthy and dignified life. International targets to reduce inadequate WASH coverage were set under the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs, 1990-2015) and now the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs, 2016-2030). The MDGs called for halving the proportion of the population without access to adequate water and sanitation, whereas the SDGs call for universal access, require the progressive reduction of inequalities, and include hygiene in addition to water and sanitation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168932/the-impact-of-the-worldwide-millennium-development-goals-campaign-on-maternal-and-under-five-child-mortality-reduction-where-did-the-worldwide-campaign-work-most-effectively
#4
Seungman Cha
BACKGROUND: As the Millennium Development Goals campaign (MDGs) came to a close, clear evidence was needed on the contribution of the worldwide MDG campaign. OBJECTIVE: We seek to determine the degree of difference in the reduction rate between the pre-MDG and MDG campaign periods and its statistical significance by region. DESIGN: Unlike the prevailing studies that measured progress in 1990-2010, this study explores by percentage how much MDG progress has been achieved during the MDG campaign period and quantifies the impact of the MDG campaign on the maternal and under-five child mortality reduction during the MDG era by comparing observed values with counterfactual values estimated on the basis of the historical trend...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116097/functional-imaging-of-pharmacological-action-of-sglt2-inhibitor-ipragliflozin-via-pet-imaging-using-11-c-mdg
#5
Keisuke Mitsuoka, Yuka Hayashizaki, Yoshihiro Murakami, Toshiyuki Takasu, Masanori Yokono, Nobuhiro Umeda, Shoji Takakura, Akihiro Noda, Sosuke Miyoshi
Sodium-dependent glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) is a pharmacological target of type 2 diabetes mellitus. The aim of this study was to noninvasively visualize the pharmacological action of a selective SGLT2 inhibitor ipragliflozin in the kidney using positron emission tomography (PET) imaging with (11)C-methyl-d-glucoside ((11)C-MDG), an SGLT-specific radio-labeled substrate. PET imaging with (11)C-MDG in vehicle-treated rats demonstrated that intravenously injected (11)C-MDG substantially accumulated in the renal cortex, reflecting that the compound was reabsorbed by SGLTs...
August 2016: Pharmacology Research & Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941695/how-do-households-respond-to-unreliable-water-supplies-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Batsirai Majuru, Marc Suhrcke, Paul R Hunter
Although the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) target for drinking water was met, in many developing countries water supplies are unreliable. This paper reviews how households in developing countries cope with unreliable water supplies, including coping costs, the distribution of coping costs across socio-economic groups, and effectiveness of coping strategies in meeting household water needs. Structured searches were conducted in peer-reviewed and grey literature in electronic databases and search engines, and 28 studies were selected for review, out of 1643 potentially relevant references...
December 9, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935800/improving-access-to-child-health-services-at-the-community-level-in-zambia-a-country-case-study-on-progress-in-child-survival-2000-2013
#7
Aaron M Kipp, Margaret Maimbolwa, Marie A Brault, Penelope Kalesha-Masumbu, Mary Katepa-Bwalya, Phanuel Habimana, Sten H Vermund, Kasonde Mwinga, Connie A Haley
Reductions in under-five mortality in Africa have not been sufficient to meet the Millennium Development Goal #4 (MDG#4) of reducing under-five mortality by two-thirds by 2015. Nevertheless, 12 African countries have met MDG#4. We undertook a four country study to examine barriers and facilitators of child survival prior to 2015, seeking to better understand variability in success across countries. The current analysis presents indicator, national document, and qualitative data from key informants and community women describing the factors that have enabled Zambia to successfully reduce under-five mortality over the last 15 years and achieve MDG#4...
October 19, 2016: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931203/perinatal-mortality-among-infants-born-during-health-user-fees-cash-carry-and-the-national-health-insurance-scheme-nhis-eras-in-ghana-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Abdallah Ibrahim, Ernest T Maya, Ernestina Donkor, Irene A Agyepong, Richard M Adanu
BACKGROUND: This research determined the rates of perinatal mortality among infants delivered under Ghana's national health insurance scheme (NHIS) compared to infants delivered under the previous "Cash and Carry" system in Northern Region, especially as the country takes stock of its progress toward meeting the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) 4 and 5. METHODS: The labor and maternity wards delivery records of infants delivered before and after the implementation of the NHIS in Northern Region were examined...
December 8, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903352/-using-the-concept-of-universal-health-coverage-to-promote-the-health-system-reform-in-china
#9
S L Hu
The paper is systematically explained the definition, contents of universal health coverage (UHC). Universal health coverage calls for all people to have access to quality health services they need without facing undue financial burden. The relationship between five main attributes, i.e., quality, efficiency, equity, accountability and resilience, and their 15 action plans has been explained. The nature of UHC is belonged to the State and government. The core function is commitment with equality. The whole-of-system method is used to promoting the health system reform...
November 6, 2016: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857294/influence-of-thermal-deformation-of-a-multilayer-dielectric-grating-on-a-spectrally-combined-beam
#10
Lei Yang, Zhen Wu, Bin Zhang
In spectral beam combining (SBC) systems, temperature rise inevitably happens to the multilayer dielectric grating (MDG) due to irradiation of the high-power continuous-wave (CW) laser, resulting in thermal deformation of the MDG and degradation of the characteristics of the combined beam due to thermal deformation of the grating. The calculation model of thermal deformation of the MDG has been proposed, and the distributions of temperature field and thermal deformation of the grating have been analyzed. On this basis, a propagation model of a SBC system has further been built up...
November 10, 2016: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847005/epidemiology-of-multidrug-resistant-extensively-drug-resistant-and-totally-drug-resistant-tuberculosis-in-middle-east-countries
#11
REVIEW
Mohanad M Ahmed, Ali A Velayati, Suhad H Mohammed
The 2015 represent the deadline for the global tuberculosis (TB) targets set through the Millennium Development Goals (MDG). From 2016 and onward, new goals were set to end the global TB epidemic via implementing new campaign entitled "the End TB Strategy". The major hurdle to end TB epidemic in several parts of the world is the emergence and spread of drug resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) strains. The better understanding of the actual global burden of drug resistant tuberculosis would feed into better implementing the End TB Strategy...
September 2016: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836074/maternal-and-neonatal-health-in-africa-at-mdg-end-availability-of-and-access-to-maternal-health-services-and-outcomes-of-intervention-strategies
#12
EDITORIAL
Seni Kouanda, Rita Kabra, Alexandre Dumont
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832778/inequality-in-the-use-of-maternal-and-child-health-services-in-the-philippines-do-pro-poor-health-policies-result-in-more-equitable-use-of-services
#13
Karlo Paolo P Paredes
BACKGROUND: The Philippines failed to achieve its Millennium Development Goal (MDG) commitment to reduce maternal deaths by three quarters. This, together with the recently launched Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), reinforces the need for the country to keep up in improving reach of maternal and child health (MCH) services. Inequitable use of health services is a risk factor for the differences in health outcomes across socio-economic groups. This study aims to explore the extent of inequities in the use of MCH services in the Philippines after pro-poor national health policy reforms...
November 10, 2016: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800732/how-the-nursing-profession-can-contribute-to-sustainable-development-goals
#14
David Benton, Franklin Shaffer
As of 1 January 2016, the UN sustainable development goals (SDGs) became the focus of global efforts on a wide range of development agenda. The SDGs have subsumed the work of the UN millennium development goals (MDGs), so it is timely to reflect on the contribution made by nurses and midwives, so that we can optimise the profession's contribution to the 17 SDGs. This article reports the results of a scientometrics analysis of the published literature related to the MDGs and SDGs indexed in CINAHL, which identified the underlying themes addressed by nurses and midwives...
November 1, 2016: Nursing Management (Harrow)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752185/comparison-of-maternal-health-services-and-indicators-in-three-districts-of-the-volta-region-ghana
#15
Eun Woo Nam, Afisah Zakariah, Festus Adams, Young Suk Jun, Richard Adanu
BACKGROUND: Ghana's maternal mortality ratio continues to decline, but is not expected to meet the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) 5 target. The Ghana Health Service and Ministry of Health have displayed a high commitment to the improvement of maternal health in the country. One of the most recent partnerships directed at this is with the Korea International Cooperation Agency. METHODS: This study was conducted among women between ages 15 and 49 resident in Keta Municipal, Ketu North and Ketu South districts in the Volta Region of Ghana who were pregnant or who had children aged less than five...
September 2016: Ghana Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733286/global-regional-and-national-levels-of-maternal-mortality-1990-2015-a-systematic-analysis-for-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2015
#16
COMMENT
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: In transitioning from the Millennium Development Goal to the Sustainable Development Goal era, it is imperative to comprehensively assess progress toward reducing maternal mortality to identify areas of success, remaining challenges, and frame policy discussions. We aimed to quantify maternal mortality throughout the world by underlying cause and age from 1990 to 2015. METHODS: We estimated maternal mortality at the global, regional, and national levels from 1990 to 2015 for ages 10-54 years by systematically compiling and processing all available data sources from 186 of 195 countries and territories, 11 of which were analysed at the subnational level...
8, 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665228/measuring-the-health-related-sustainable-development-goals-in-188-countries-a-baseline-analysis-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2015
#17
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: In September, 2015, the UN General Assembly established the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The SDGs specify 17 universal goals, 169 targets, and 230 indicators leading up to 2030. We provide an analysis of 33 health-related SDG indicators based on the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2015 (GBD 2015). METHODS: We applied statistical methods to systematically compiled data to estimate the performance of 33 health-related SDG indicators for 188 countries from 1990 to 2015...
October 8, 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651607/maternal-near-miss-a-valuable-contribution-in-maternal-care
#18
Singh Abha, Shrivastava Chandrashekhar, Dube Sonal
BACKGROUND: MMR has always been recognized as an important indicator of quality of health services. The MMR in India has so far not reached up to the required MDG 2015. If we look into this matter with the eagle's eye view, then there are certain gray areas which need attention. For this, it is not the maternal mortality but the maternal near miss which has to be focused. OBJECTIVES: To audit the maternal near miss in our institution and to review the pathways that lead to severe maternal morbidity and death...
October 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634209/countdown-to-2015-country-case-studies-what-can-analysis-of-national-health-financing-contribute-to-understanding-mdg-4-and-5-progress
#19
Carlyn Mann, Courtney Ng, Nadia Akseer, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Josephine Borghi, Tim Colbourn, Patricia Hernández-Peña, Luis Huicho, Muhammad Ashar Malik, Melisa Martinez-Alvarez, Spy Munthali, Ahmad Shah Salehi, Mekonnen Tadesse, Mohammed Yassin, Peter Berman
BACKGROUND: Countdown to 2015 (Countdown) supported countries to produce case studies that examine how and why progress was made toward the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) 4 and 5. Analysing how health-financing data explains improvements in RMNCH outcomes was one of the components to the case studies. METHODS: This paper presents a descriptive analysis on health financing from six Countdown case studies (Afghanistan, Ethiopia, Malawi, Pakistan, Peru, and Tanzania), supplemented by additional data from global databases and country reports on macroeconomic, health financing, demographic, and RMNCH outcome data as needed...
2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27633919/countdown-to-2015-country-case-studies-what-have-we-learned-about-processes-and-progress-towards-mdgs-4-and-5
#20
Corrina Moucheraud, Helen Owen, Neha S Singh, Courtney Kuonin Ng, Jennifer Requejo, Joy E Lawn, Peter Berman
BACKGROUND: Countdown to 2015 was a multi-institution consortium tracking progress towards Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) 4 and 5. Case studies to explore factors contributing to progress (or lack of progress) in reproductive, maternal, newborn and child health (RMNCH) were undertaken in: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, China, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Niger, Pakistan, Peru, and Tanzania. This paper aims to identify cross-cutting themes on how and why these countries achieved or did not achieve MDG progress...
2016: BMC Public Health
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