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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750475/inpatient-glucose-management-programme-in-the-asian-healthcare-setting
#1
Du Soon Swee, Li Chang Ang, Wee May Heng, Desmond Xue-Yuan Lee, Xiaohui Xin, Shalini Kumaran, Kok Seng Wong, Yong Mong Bee, Su-Yen Goh, Ming Ming Teh
AIM: To implement an inpatient glucose management (IGM) programme in the general medical wards and evaluate its clinical efficacy. METHOD: Consecutive patients admitted to selected medical wards over a 12-month period were included in the IGM programme. All patients with ≥3 capillary blood glucose (CBG) readings (>10.0 mmol/L and/or <4.0 mmol/L) over a 24-hour period were identified electronically. A multidisciplinary team of diabetes care providers would provide specialist input to these patients...
July 27, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740851/burden-of-misconception-in-sexual-health-care-setting-a-cross-sectional-investigation-among-the-patients-attending-a-psychiatric-sex-clinic-of-bangladesh
#2
S M Yasir Arafat, Srijony Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Bangladesh is a country in South Asia with about 160 million people and achieved health related Millennium Development Goals (MDG) significantly. But sexual health is still an untapped issue with predominant myths and misconception. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to look into the proportions of patients attending sexual health care services due to misconceptions. METHODS: The descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted among 110 patients attending Psychiatric Sex Clinic (PSC) of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University...
2017: Psychiatry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720089/analysis-of-the-association-between-millennium-development-goals-4-5-and-the-physician-workforce-across-international-economic-strata
#3
Christopher P Morley, Dongliang Wang, Emily M Mader, Kyle P Plante, Lindsey N Kingston, Azadeh Rabiei
BACKGROUND: The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are 8 international development goals voluntarily adopted by 189 nations. The goals included health related aims to reduce the under-five child mortality rate by two-thirds (MDG4), and to reduce the maternal mortality ratio by three-quarters (MDG5). To assess the relationship between the healthcare workforce and MDGs 4-5, we examined the physician workforces of countries around the globe, in terms of the Physician Density Level (PDL, or number of physicians per 1000 population), and compared this rate across a number of years to several indicator variables specified as markers of progress towards MDG4 and MDG5...
July 18, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713956/mdg%C3%A2-1-inhibits-h2o2%C3%A2-induced-apoptosis-and-inflammation-in-human-umbilical-vein-endothelial-cells
#4
Luo-Cheng Li, Zhi-Wei Wang, Xiao-Ping Hu, Zhi-Yong Wu, Zhi-Peng Hu, Yong-Le Ruan
MDG‑1, a water‑soluble polysaccharide extracted from Ophiopogon japonicus, has been reported to serve a role in antimyocardial ischemia by protecting cardiomyocytes from hypoxia/reoxygenation‑induced damage. However, it remains unknown whether MDG‑1 protects human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) against oxidative stress‑induced damage. In the present study, HUVECs were treated with hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) to establish an oxidative stress‑induced cell injury model. Treatment of HUVECs with different concentrations of H2O2 significantly attenuated cell viability and increased cell apoptosis in a time and dose‑dependent manner...
September 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700612/assessing-development-assistance-for-child-survival-between-2000-and-2014-a-multi-sectoral-perspective
#5
Chunling Lu, Annie Chu, Zhihui Li, Jian Shen, Subu Subramanian, Kenneth Hill
BACKGROUND: The majority of Countdown countries did not reach the fourth Millennium Development Goal (MDG 4) on reducing child mortality, despite the fact that donor funding to the health sector has drastically increased. When tracking aid invested in child survival, previous studies have exclusively focused on aid targeting reproductive, maternal, newborn, and child health (RMNCH). We take a multi-sectoral approach and extend the estimation to the four sectors that determine child survival: health (RMNCH and non-RMNCH), education, water and sanitation, and food and humanitarian assistance (Food/HA)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693508/unsuccessful-tb-treatment-outcomes-with-a-focus-on-hiv-co-infected-cases-a-cross-sectional-retrospective-record-review-in-a-high-burdened-province-of-south-africa
#6
M C Engelbrecht, N G Kigozi, P Chikobvu, S Botha, H C J van Rensburg
BACKGROUND: South Africa did not meet the MDG targets to reduce TB prevalence and mortality by 50% by 2015, and the TB cure rate remains below the WHO target of 85%. TB incidence in the country is largely fuelled by the HIV epidemic, and co-infected patients are more likely to have unsuccessful TB treatment outcomes. This paper analyses the demographic and clinical characteristics of new TB patients with unsuccessful treatment outcomes, as well as factors associated with unsuccessful treatment outcomes for HIV co-infected patients...
July 10, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688213/multivalent-methionine-functionalized-biocompatible-block-copolymers-for-targeted-sirna-delivery-and-subsequent-reversal-effect-on-adriamycin-resistance-in-human-breast-cancer-cell-line-mcf-7-adr
#7
Yang Wu, Wei Zhang, Tinghan Li, Rong Ma, Dan Chen, Junying Zhang, Jianzhong Wu, Jinhai Tang
BACKGROUND: Cationic polymers are the outstanding representatives of the most efficient siRNA vectors. Low cytotoxicity and siRNA protecting effect can be obtained with these cationic polymers via a variety of structural modifications. Nevertheless, the gap between their efficiency and the requirement for therapeutic processes is still noticeable. METHODS: A cationic polymer vector was synthesized via the copolymerization of N-(1, 3-dihydroxy propan-2-yl) methacrylamide (DHPMA) and N-(3-aminopropyl) methacrylamide (APMA)...
July 8, 2017: Journal of Gene Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679426/will-the-european-union-reach-the-united-nations-millennium-declaration-target-of-a-50-reduction-of-tuberculosis-mortality-between-1990-and-2015
#8
Marieke J van der Werf, Sandro Bonfigli, Frantiska Hruba
BACKGROUND: The Millennium Development Goals (MDG) provide targets for 2015. MDG 6 includes a target to reduce the tuberculosis (TB) death rate by 50% compared with 1990. We aimed to assess whether this target was reached by the European Union (EU) and European Economic Area countries. METHODS: We used Eurostat causes of death data to assess whether the target was reached in the EU. We calculated the reduction in reported and adjusted death rates and the annual average percentage decline based on the available data...
July 6, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669415/global-disparities-in-maternal-morbidity-and-mortality
#9
Maria J Small, Terrence K Allen, Haywood L Brown
The disparity in maternal mortality for African American women remains one of the greatest public health inequities in the United States (US). To better understand approaches toward amelioration of these differences, we examine settings with similar disparities in maternal mortality and "near misses" based on race/ethnicity. This global analysis of disparities in maternal mortality/morbidity will focus on middle- and high-income countries (based on World Bank definitions) with multiethnic populations. Many countries with similar histories of slavery and forced migration demonstrate disparities in health outcomes based on social determinants such as race/ethnicity...
June 29, 2017: Seminars in Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662730/effective-nutrition-education-and-communication-for-sustainable-maternal-and-child-health
#10
Mary W Murimi, Ana Florencia Moyeda-Carabaza
Maternal and child health (MCH) consists of an interdependent reproductive system that collectively determines the survival of the mother during childbirth, and determines the health and survival of the child. This interdependency underscores the importance of appropriate and timely interventions during pregnancy through the first 1000 d at the minimum. The Millennium Development Goals (MDG) recommended the use of the continuum of care for the development of interventions by addressing all the stages of MCH...
June 30, 2017: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591776/efficacy-and-safety-of-mini-dose-glucagon-for-treatment-of-non-severe-hypoglycemia-in-adults-with-type-1-diabetes
#11
Morey W Haymond, Stephanie N DuBose, Michael R Rickels, Howard Wolpert, Viral N Shah, Jennifer L Sherr, Ruth S Weinstock, Shivani Agarwal, Alandra S Verdejo, Martin J Cummins, Brett Newswanger, Roy W Beck
Context: Standard treatment for hypoglycemia is oral carbohydrate, but often results in hyperglycemia and requires extra caloric intake. Objective: To evaluate the use of low-dose glucagon to treat mild hypoglycemia in ambulatory adults with type 1 diabetes (T1D). Design: Randomized crossover trial (two 3-week periods). Setting: Five U.S. diabetes clinics. Patients: Twenty adults with T1D using an insulin pump and continuous glucose monitor (CGM) and experiencing frequent mild hypoglycemia...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532307/global-estimates-of-country-health-indicators-useful-unnecessary-inevitable
#12
Carla AbouZahr, Ties Boerma, Daniel Hogan
BACKGROUND: The MDG era relied on global health estimates to fill data gaps and ensure temporal and cross-country comparability in reporting progress. Monitoring the Sustainable Development Goals will present new challenges, requiring enhanced capacities to generate, analyse, interpret and use country produced data. OBJECTIVE: To summarize the development of global health estimates and discuss their utility and limitations from global and country perspectives. DESIGN: Descriptive paper based on findings of intercountry workshops, reviews of literatureon and synthesis of experiences...
January 2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523394/introduction-framing-post-aids-and-global-health-discourses-in-2015-and-beyond
#13
EDITORIAL
Gráinne O'Connell
This special issue, entitled "Post-AIDS' and Global Health Discourses: Interdisciplinary Perspectives,' emerged from a one day Medical Humanities symposium at the Leeds Centre for Medical Humanities, at the University of Leeds, England, on February 27th 2015. This special issue focusses on the perceived deprioritising of HIV and AIDS in the Sustainable Development Goals, or SDGs, that were launched in 2015. The SDGs function as policy benchmarks for all entities within the United Nations system and they supersede the Millennium Development Goals, or MDGs, which expired in 2015...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511657/skilled-delivery-inequality-in-ethiopia-to-what-extent-are-the-poorest-and-uneducated-mothers-benefiting
#14
Brook Tesfaye, Tsedeke Mathewos, Mihiretu Kebede
BACKGROUND: The fifth Millennium Development Goal (MDG) targeted at improving maternal health. In this regard, Ethiopia has shown substantial progresses in the past two decades. Nonetheless, these impressive gains are unevenly distributed among Ethiopian women with different socio-economic characteristics. This study aimed at investigating levels and trends of skilled delivery service, and wealth and education related inequalities from 2000 to 16. METHODS: Longitudinal data analysis was conducted on Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey (EDHS) data of 2000, 2005, 2011 and 2016...
May 16, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454747/sglt1-mediated-transport-in-caco-2-cells-is-highly-dependent-on-cell-bank-origin
#15
Bente Steffansen, Maria D L Pedersen, Abdel M Laghmoch, Carsten U Nielsen
The human colon adenocarcinoma (Caco-2) cell line is a well-established in vitro model for studying transport phenomena for prediction of intestinal nutrient and drug absorption. However, substances depending on transporters such predictions are complicated due to variable transporter expression and limited knowledge about transporter function during multiple cell passaging and cell thawings. In the case of sodium glucose transporter 1 (SGLT1), a key transporter of oral absorption of d-glucose, one reason for compromised prediction could be inadequate expression of SGLT1 in Caco-2 cells and thereby limited sensitivity in the determination of SGLT1-mediated permeability (PSGLT1)...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453711/improving-access-to-child-health-services-at-the-community-level-in-zambia-a-country-case-study-on-progress-in-child-survival-2000-2013
#16
Aaron M Kipp, Margaret Maimbolwa, Marie A Brault, Penelope Kalesha-Masumbu, Mary Katepa-Bwalya, Phanuel Habimana, Sten H Vermund, Kasonde Mwinga, Connie A Haley
Reductions in under-five mortality in Africa have not been sufficient to meet the Millennium Development Goal #4 (MDG#4) of reducing under-five mortality by two-thirds by 2015. Nevertheless, 12 African countries have met MDG#4. We undertook a four country study to examine barriers and facilitators of child survival prior to 2015, seeking to better understand variability in success across countries. The current analysis presents indicator, national document, and qualitative data from key informants and community women describing the factors that have enabled Zambia to successfully reduce under-five mortality over the last 15 years and achieve MDG#4...
June 1, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441927/utilisation-of-skilled-birth-attendants-over-time-in-nigeria-and-malawi
#17
Kilian N Atuoye, Jonathan A Amoyaw, Vincent Z Kuuire, Joseph Kangmennaang, Sheila A Boamah, Siera Vercillo, Roger Antabe, Meghan McMorris, Isaac Luginaah
Despite recent modest progress in reducing maternal and infant mortality rates in sub-Saharan Africa, Nigeria and Malawi were still in the top 20 countries with highest rates of mortalities globally in 2015. Utilisation of professional services at delivery - one of the indictors of MDG 5 - has been suggested to reduce maternal mortality by 50%. Yet, contextual, socio-cultural and economic factors have served as barriers to uptake of such critical service. In this paper, we examined the impact of residential wealth index on utilisation of Skilled Birth Attendant in Nigeria (2003, 2008 and 2013), and Malawi (2000, 2004 and 2010) using Demographic and Health Survey data sets...
June 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400953/maternal-mortality-as-a-millennium-development-goal-of-the-united-nations-a-systematic-assessment-and-analysis-of-available-data-in-threshold-countries-using-indonesia-as-example
#18
Evelyn Reinke, Supriyatiningsih, Jörg Haier
BACKGROUND: In 2015 the proposed period ended for achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) of the United Nations targeting to lower maternal mortality worldwide by ~ 75%. 99% of these cases appear in developing and threshold countries; but reports mostly rely on incomplete or unrepresentative data. Using Indonesia as example, currently available data sets for maternal mortality were systematically reviewed. METHODS: Besides analysis of international and national data resources, a systematic review was carried out according to Cochrane methodology to identify all data and assessments regarding maternal mortality...
June 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373970/a-review-of-global-health-competencies-for-postgraduate-public-health-education
#19
REVIEW
Shailendra Sawleshwarkar, Joel Negin
During the last decade, the literature about global health has grown exponentially. Academic institutions are also exploring the scope of their public health educational programs to meet the demand for a global health professional. This has become more relevant in the context of the sustainable development goals. There have been attempts to describe global health competencies for specific professional groups. The focus of these competencies has been variable with a variety of different themes being described ranging from globalization and health care, analysis and program management, as well as equity and capacity strengthening...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363513/measuring-iran-s-success-in-achieving-millennium-development-goal-4-a-systematic-analysis-of-under-5-mortality-at-national-and-subnational-levels-from-1990-to-2015
#20
Younes Mohammadi, Mahboubeh Parsaeian, Parinaz Mehdipour, Ardeshir Khosravi, Bagher Larijani, Ali Sheidaei, Anita Mansouri, Amir Kasaeian, Kamran Yazdani, Maziar Moradi-Lake, Elaheh Kazemi, Saeideh Aghamohammadi, Nazila Rezaei, Maryam Chegini, Rosa Haghshenas, Hamidreza Jamshidi, Farnaz Delavari, Mohsen Asadi-Lari, Farshad Farzadfar
BACKGROUND: Child mortality as one of the key Millennium Development Goals (MDG 4-to reduce child mortality by two-thirds from 1990 to 2015), is included in the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG 3, target 2-to reduce child mortality to fewer than 25 deaths per 1000 livebirths for all countries by 2030), and is a key indicator of the health system in every country. In this study, we aimed to estimate the level and trend of child mortality from 1990 to 2015 in Iran, to assess the progress of the country and its provinces toward these goals...
May 2017: Lancet Global Health
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