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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192307/trends-in-cancer-survival-by-health-insurance-status-in-california-from-1997-to-2014
#1
Libby Ellis, Alison J Canchola, David Spiegel, Uri Ladabaum, Robert Haile, Scarlett Lin Gomez
Importance: There have been substantial improvements in the early detection, treatment, and survival from cancer in the United States, but it is not clear to what extent patients with different types of health insurance have benefitted from these advancements. Objective: To examine trends in cancer survival by health insurance status from January 1997 to December 2014. Design, Setting, and Participants: California Cancer Registry (a statewide cancer surveillance system) data were used to estimate population-based survival by health insurance status in 3 calendar periods: January 1997 to December 2002, January 2003 to December 2008, and January 2009 to December 2014 with follow-up through 2014...
November 30, 2017: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190931/cancer-mortality-trends-in-an-industrial-district-of-shanghai-china-from-1974-to-2014-and-projections-to-2029
#2
Mi Li, Shuo Wang, Xue Han, Wenbin Liu, Jiahui Song, Hongwei Zhang, Jia Zhao, Fan Yang, Xiaojie Tan, Xi Chen, Yan Liu, Hui Li, Yibo Ding, Xiaoyu Du, Jianhua Yin, Rong Zhang, Guangwen Cao
We aimed to characterize the trends and projections of cancer mortalities in Yangpu, an industry restructuring district of Shanghai, China. With high-quality data from the death registration system, the authors analyzed the trends in cancer mortalities during 1974-2014 and their relationship with pollution control and socioeconomic improvements. Cancer burden was projected into 2029. During 1974-2014, cancer death accounted for 28.80% of all-cause death. The 5 leading causes of cancer death were cancers of the lung & bronchus, stomach, liver, colon & rectum, and esophagus...
November 3, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187399/disparities-in-prostate-lung-breast-and-colorectal-cancer-survival-and-comorbidity-status-among-urban-american-indians-and-alaskan-natives
#3
Marc A Emerson, Matthew P Banegas, Neetu Chawla, Ninah Achacoso, Stacey E Alexeeff, Alyce S Adams, Laurel A Habel
Cancer is the second leading cause of death among American Indians and Alaskan Natives (AIAN), although cancer survival information in this population is limited, particularly among urban AIAN. In this retrospective cohort study, we compared all-cause and prostate, breast, lung, and colorectal cancer-specific mortality among AIAN (n = 582) and non-Hispanic white (NHW; n = 82,696) enrollees of Kaiser Permanente Northern California (KPNC) diagnosed with primary invasive breast, prostate, lung, or colorectal cancer from 1997 to 2015...
December 1, 2017: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175263/missing-data-and-chance-variation-in-public-reporting-of-cancer-stage-at-diagnosis-cross-sectional-analysis-of-population-based-data-in-england
#4
Matthew E Barclay, Georgios Lyratzopoulos, David C Greenberg, Gary A Abel
BACKGROUND: The percentage of cancer patients diagnosed at an early stage is reported publicly for geographically-defined populations corresponding to healthcare commissioning organisations in England, and linked to pay-for-performance targets. Given that stage is incompletely recorded, we investigated the extent to which this indicator reflects underlying organisational differences rather than differences in stage completeness and chance variation. METHODS: We used population-based data on patients diagnosed with one of ten cancer sites in 2013 (bladder, breast, colorectal, endometrial, lung, ovarian, prostate, renal, NHL, and melanoma)...
November 23, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173095/seasonal-variation-of-cancer-mortality-in-hungary-between-1984-and-2013
#5
Katalin Virág, Tibor András Nyári
AIMS: Despite decreasing trends, Hungary is the leader in cancer mortality among European countries. We examined the seasonal variation of cancer mortality in Hungary between 1984 and 2013. METHODS: Hungarian monthly cancer mortality and population data were used in the analysis. The Walter-Elwood method was used to determine seasonal variation in both mortality rates and proportionate mortality. RESULTS: Significant winter-peak seasonality was found in all-cancer mortality...
November 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164842/tumor-suppressor-role-of-mir-503
#6
Gaurav Gupta, Dinesh K Chellappan, Terezinha de Jesus Andreoli Pinto, Philip M Hansbro, Mary Bebawy, Kamal Dua
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are noncoding RNAs of around 20-25 nucleotides in length with highly conserved characteristics. They moderate posttranscriptional silencing by precisely combining with 3' untranslated regions (UTRs) of target mRNAs at a complementary site. miR503, an associate of the "canonical" miRNA16 family, is expressed in numerous types of tumors such as breast cancer, prostate cancer, lung cancer, colorectal cancer, hepatocellular carcinoma, glioblastoma and several others. There is convincing evidence to show that miR503 functions as a tumor suppressor gene through its effects on target genes that regulate cell proliferation, migration, and invasion in tumor cells...
November 22, 2017: Panminerva Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156750/somatic-mutations-in-cdh1-and-ctnnb1-in-primary-carcinomas-at-13-anatomic-sites
#7
Evan L Busch, Jason L Hornick, Renato Umeton, Adem Albayrak, Neal I Lindeman, Laura E MacConaill, Elizabeth P Garcia, Matthew Ducar, Timothy R Rebbeck
Metastases are involved in most cancer deaths. Evidence has suggested that cancer cell detachment from primary tumors might occur largely via the mechanism of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) activated by epigenetic events, but data addressing other possible triggers of detachment, particularly genetic mutations, have been limited. Using the Profile study of cancer genomics at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, we examined somatic mutations in the EMT genes CDH1 in 5,106 primary carcinomas and CTNNB1 in 7,578 primary carcinomas across 13 anatomic sites: urinary bladder, breast, colon/rectum, endometrium, esophagus, kidney, lung, ovary, pancreas, prostate, skin (non-melanoma), stomach, and thyroid...
October 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155333/ima-identifying-disease-related-genes-using-mesh-terms-and-association-rules
#8
Jeongwoo Kim, Changbae Bang, Hyeonseo Hwang, Doyoung Kim, Chihyun Park, Sanghyun Park
Genes play an important role in several diseases. Hence, in biology, identifying relationships between diseases and genes is important for the analysis of diseases, because mutated or dysregulated genes play an important role in pathogenesis. Here, we propose a method to identify disease-related genes using MeSH terms and association rules. We identified genes by analyzing the MeSH terms and extracted information on gene-gene interactions based on association rules. By integrating the extracted interactions, we constructed gene-gene networks and identified disease-related genes...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145841/rehabilitation-for-cancer-patients-at-black-lion-hospital-addis-ababa-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Teshager Worku, Zuriash Mengistu, Agumasie Semahegn, Gezahegn Tesfaye
BACKGROUND: In Ethiopia, there were greater than 2000 adult and 200 pediatric cancer patients annually in 2010, but the estimated number of cancer patients were increasing. Oncologic rehabilitation treatment may result in improved physical and mental impairment. There is a paucity of information about rehabilitation service utilization among cancer patients in Ethiopia. Hence, the purpose of this study was to assess the rehabilitation service for cancer patient and associated factors at Black Lion hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia...
November 16, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145037/time-to-diagnosis-and-treatment-for-cancer-patients-in-the-netherlands-room-for-improvement
#10
Charles C W Helsper, Nicole N F van Erp, Petra P H M Peeters, Niek N J de Wit
BACKGROUND & AIM: Reducing the duration of the diagnostic cancer care pathway is intensively pursued. The aim of this study was to chart the diagnostic pathway for the five most common cancers in the Netherlands. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study using cancer patients' anonymised primary care data (free text and coded) linked to the Netherlands Cancer Registry. We determined the median duration of the following: 1. Primary care intervals (IPCs): the first cancer-related general practitioner consultation to referral, 2...
November 13, 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138842/placenta-specific-protein-1-promotes-cell-proliferation-and-invasion-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#11
Li Yang, Tian-Qi Zha, Xiang He, Liang Chen, Quan Zhu, Wei-Bing Wu, Feng-Qi Nie, Qian Wang, Chong-Shuang Zang, Mei-Ling Zhang, Jing He, Wei Li, Wen Jiang, Kai-Hua Lu
Pulmonary carcinoma-associated proteins have emerged as crucial players in governing fundamental biological processes such as cell proliferation, apoptosis and metastasis in human cancers. Placenta-specific protein 1 (PLAC1) is a cancer-related protein, which is activated and upregulated in a variety of malignant tissues, including prostate cancer, gastric adenocarcinoma, colorectal, epithelial ovarian and breast cancer. However, its biological role and clinical significance in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) development and progression are still unknown...
November 9, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128730/socio-economic-inequalities-in-the-incidence-of-four-common-cancers-a-population-based-registry-study
#12
E J Tweed, G M Allardice, P McLoone, D S Morrison
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relationship between socio-economic circumstances and cancer incidence in Scotland in recent years. STUDY DESIGN: Population-based study using cancer registry data. METHODS: Data on incident cases of colorectal, lung, female breast, and prostate cancer diagnosed between 2001 and 2012 were obtained from a population-based cancer registry covering a population of approximately 2.5 million people in the West of Scotland...
November 10, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115416/annexin-a2-and-cancer-a-systematic-review
#13
Maria V Christensen, Claus K Høgdall, Kirsten M Jochumsen, Estrid V S Høgdall
Annexin A2 is a 36-kDa protein interfering with multiple cellular processes especially in cancer progression. The present review aimed to show the relations between Annexin A2 and cancer. A systematic search for studies investigating cancer and Annexin A2 expression was conducted using PubMed. Acute lymphoblastic leukaemia, acute promyelocytic leukaemia, clear cell renal cell carcinoma, breast, cervical, colorectal, endometrial, gastric cancer, glioblastoma, hepatocellular carcinoma, lung, multiple myeloma, oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma, ovarian cancer, pancreatic duct adenocarcinoma, prostate cancer and urothelial carcinoma were evaluated...
November 8, 2017: International Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108691/spatial-variation-in-cancer-incidence-and-survival-over-time-across-queensland-australia
#14
Susanna M Cramb, Paula Moraga, Kerrie L Mengersen, Peter D Baade
Interpreting changes over time in small-area variation in cancer survival, in light of changes in cancer incidence, aids understanding progress in cancer control, yet few space-time analyses have considered both measures. Bayesian space-time hierarchical models were applied to Queensland Cancer Registry data to examine geographical changes in cancer incidence and relative survival over time for the five most common cancers (colorectal, melanoma, lung, breast, prostate) diagnosed during 1997-2004 and 2005-2012 across 516 Queensland residential small-areas...
November 2017: Spatial and Spatio-temporal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106060/attitudes-of-patients-with-metastatic-cancer-towards-research-biopsies
#15
Danielle H Robinson, Leonid Churilov, Nancy U Lin, Elgene Lim, Davinia Seah
AIM: To evaluate the attitudes of patients with different cancers towards research biopsies outside a clinical trial. METHODS: Patients with metastatic cancer completed a questionnaire that assessed patients' willingness to consider research biopsies. Research biopsies were divided into two groups: biopsies performed as stand-alone procedures (research purposes only biopsy, RPOB) or performed during a clinically indicated biopsy (additional pass biopsy, APB). Factors analyzed included biopsy timing, biopsy site, sociodemographic information and information about prior trial participation...
November 6, 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089348/circulating-vitamin-d-concentration-and-risk-of-seven-cancers-mendelian-randomisation-study
#16
Vasiliki I Dimitrakopoulou, Konstantinos K Tsilidis, Philip C Haycock, Niki L Dimou, Kawthar Al-Dabhani, Richard M Martin, Sarah J Lewis, Marc J Gunter, Alison Mondul, Irene M Shui, Evropi Theodoratou, Katharina Nimptsch, Sara Lindström, Demetrius Albanes, Tilman Kühn, Timothy J Key, Ruth C Travis, Karani Santhanakrishnan Vimaleswaran, Peter Kraft, Brandon L Pierce, Joellen M Schildkraut
Objective To determine if circulating concentrations of vitamin D are causally associated with risk of cancer.Design Mendelian randomisation study.Setting Large genetic epidemiology networks (the Genetic Associations and Mechanisms in Oncology (GAME-ON), the Genetic and Epidemiology of Colorectal Cancer Consortium (GECCO), and the Prostate Cancer Association Group to Investigate Cancer Associated Alterations in the Genome (PRACTICAL) consortiums, and the MR-Base platform).Participants 70 563 cases of cancer (22 898 prostate cancer, 15 748 breast cancer, 12 537 lung cancer, 11 488 colorectal cancer, 4369 ovarian cancer, 1896 pancreatic cancer, and 1627 neuroblastoma) and 84 418 controls...
October 31, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076966/revisiting-tumor-patterns-and-penetrance-in-germline-tp53-mutation-carriers-temporal-phases-of-li-fraumeni-syndrome
#17
Amina Amadou, Maria I Waddington Achatz, Pierre Hainaut
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Germline pathogenic TP53 mutation may predispose to multiple cancers but penetrance and cancer patterns remain incompletely documented. We have analyzed international agency for research on cancer TP53 database to reevaluate age and variant-dependent tumor patterns. RECENT FINDINGS: Genome-wide studies suggest that germline variants are more frequent than estimated prevalence of Li-Fraumeni syndrome (LFS), suggesting that many carriers of potentially pathogenic mutations may not develop the syndrome...
January 2018: Current Opinion in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073199/reduced-expression-of-iqgap2-and-higher-expression-of-iqgap3-correlates-with-poor-prognosis-in-cancers
#18
Dinesh Kumar, Md Khurshidul Hassan, Niharika Pattnaik, Nachiketa Mohapatra, Manjusha Dixit
IQGAPs is a family of proteins which comprises three members, in humans. The expression pattern and role of IQGAP1 has been well established in many cancers, whereas those of IQGAP2 and IQGAP3, have mostly remained unexplored. We used available large datasets, to explore the pan-cancer status of these two genes in-silico. Here we have analysed their mRNA expression and correlation with survivability in eight different cancers, including lung, breast, gastric, brain, colorectal, prostate, liver and kidney cancers and, their subtypes...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069824/sensitive-detection-of-pd-l1-expression-on-circulating-epithelial-tumor-cells-cetcs-could-be-a-potential-biomarker-to-select-patients-for-treatment-with-pd-1-pd-l1-inhibitors-in-early-and-metastatic-solid-tumors
#19
Dorothea Sonja Schott, Monika Pizon, Ulrich Pachmann, Katharina Pachmann
BACKGROUND: The current cancer research strongly focuses on immune therapies, where the PD-1, with its ligands plays an important role. It is known that PD-L1 is frequently up-regulated in a number of different cancers and the relevance of this pathway has been extensively studied and therapeutic approaches targeting PD-1 and PD-L1 have been developed. We used a non-invasive, real-time biopsy for determining PD-L1 and PD-L2 expression in CETCs of solid cancer patients. METHODS: CETCs were determined from blood of 128 patients suffering from breast (72), prostate (27), colorectal (18) and lung (11) cancer...
September 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065820/recent-advances-in-antabuse-disulfiram-the-importance-of-its-metal-binding-ability-to-its-anticancer-activity
#20
Maricela Viola-Rhenals, Kush Rohit Patel, Laura Jaimes-Santamaria, Guojun Wu, Jinbao Liu, Q Ping Dou
Disulfiram (DSF, also called tetraethylthiuram disulphide), a disulfide derivative of N,N-diethyldithiocarbamate (DEDTC), is an antialcoholism drug that is currently being repurposed as a promising anticancer drug. DSF has been investigated in many studies, including in vitro, in vivo, preclinical and clinical. Various mechanisms have been proposed to be responsible for the cytotoxic effect of DSF on cancer cells. DSF is a pro-drug which is converted to its metabolite DEDTC in human body. A complex of DEDTC with a metal ion [usually Cu(II) or Zn(II)] could be responsible for the anticancer activity of DSF in breast, prostate, glioblastoma, lung, melanoma, cervical, colorectal cancers as well as myeloma and leukemia...
October 23, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
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