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Haglund's deformity

Meizi Wang, Yaodong Gu, Julien Steven Baker
Wearing high heels is thought to lead to various foot disorders and injuries such as metatarsal pain, Achilles tendon tension, plantar fasciitis and Haglund malformation. However, there is little available information explaining the specific mechanisms and reasons why wearing high heels causes foot deformity. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the foot kinematics of high heel wearers and compare any differences with barefoot individuals using the Oxford Foot Model (OFM). Fifteen healthy women aged 20-25 years were measured while walking barefoot and when wearing high heels...
April 29, 2018: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
Håkan Alfredson, Christoph Spang
BACKGROUND: Non-invasive treatment is not always successful in patients with Achilles tendon disorders, and surgical treatment is instituted as the next step. There is sparse knowledge about the diagnoses, pain levels before surgery, surgically confirmed pathologies and postoperative complications in large patient groups. AIMS: To study the diagnoses, pain scores before surgery, macroscopic surgical findings and postoperative complications in a series of patients treated for Achilles disorders...
June 12, 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Priscilla Tu
The differential diagnosis of heel pain is extensive, but a mechanical etiology is the most common. The specific anatomic location of the pain can help guide diagnosis. The most common diagnosis is plantar fasciitis, which leads to medial plantar heel pain, especially with the first weight-bearing steps after rest. Other causes of plantar heel pain include calcaneal stress fractures (progressively worsening pain after an increase in activity or change to a harder walking surface), nerve entrapment or neuroma (pain accompanied by burning, tingling, or numbness), heel pad syndrome (deep, bruise-like pain in the middle of the heel), and plantar warts...
January 15, 2018: American Family Physician
Stephanie A Boden, Allison L Boden, Danielle Mignemi, Jason T Bariteau
Insertional Achilles tendinopathy (IAT) is a frequent cause of posterior heel pain and is often associated with Haglund's deformity. Surgical correction for refractory cases of IAT has been well studied; however, the method of tendon fixation to bone in these procedures remains controversial, and to date, no standard technique has been identified for tendon fixation in these surgeries. Often, after Haglund's resection, there is large exposed cancellous surface for Achilles reattachment, which may require unique fixation to optimize outcomes...
November 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle Specialist
Julia Alessandra Holtmann, Norbert P Südkamp, Hagen Schmal, Alexander T Mehlhorn
The isolated gastrocnemius contracture present in neurologic healthy patients results in a significant limitation of ankle dorsiflexion causing pathologic gait patterns and a greater risk of further foot disorders. Gastrocnemius recession is an established procedure to increase ankle dorsiflexion. However, little evidence is available of the use of gastrocnemius recession in these patients. Complication rates, recurrence of gastrocnemius contracture, and the prevalence of additional foot disorders needs further evaluation...
May 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Mark J Bullock, Jan Mourelatos, Alice Mar
Haglund's syndrome is impingement of the retrocalcaneal bursa and Achilles tendon caused by a prominence of the posterosuperior calcaneus. Radiographic measurements are not sensitive or specific for diagnosing Haglund's deformity. Localization of a bone deformity and tendinopathy in the same sagittal section of a magnetic resonance imaging scan can assist with the diagnosis in equivocal cases. The aim of the present cross-sectional study was to determine the prevalence of Haglund's syndrome in patients presenting with Achilles tendinopathy and note any associated findings to determine the criteria for a diagnosis of Haglund's syndrome...
May 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Raju Vaishya, Amit Kumar Agarwal, Ahmad Tariq Azizi, Vipul Vijay
Haglund's deformity was first described by Patrick Haglund in 1927. It is also known as retrocalcaneal exostosis, Mulholland deformity, and 'pump bump.' It is a very common clinical condition, but still poorly understood. Haglund's deformity is an abnormality of the bone and soft tissues in the foot. An enlargement of the bony section of the heel (where the Achilles tendon is inserted) triggers this condition. The soft tissue near the back of the heel can become irritated when the large, bony lump rubs against rigid shoes...
October 7, 2016: Curēus
Mohammad Taufik Bin Mohamed Shah, Bak Siew Steven Wong
A 30-year-old woman presented with a six-month history of left posterior heel pain. Physical examination revealed a tender, inflamed and indurated posterior heel with a visible bony prominence of the posterosuperior aspect of the calcaneus. Lateral ankle radiography showed a prominent left posterosuperior calcaneal tuberosity and thickening of the distal Achilles tendon outline. Magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated high-signal inflammatory fluid in the retrocalcaneal bursa, increased signal intensity and thickening of the Achilles tendon, and prominence of the posterior calcaneus tuberosity with reactive marrow oedema...
September 2016: Singapore Medical Journal
Kazuaki Mineta, Naoto Suzue, Tetsuya Matsuura, Koichi Sairyo
Here, we report the efficacy of the suture bridge technique for treating insertional Achilles tendinosis in an obese and athletic patient. A 48-year-old man presented to our department with a 6-month history of left posterior heel pain. The patient was an athlete (triathlon) and appeared obese (height: 197 cm, body weight: 120 kg, body mass index: 30.9). A diagnosis of insertional Achilles tendinosis was made. Because 6 months of conservative treatments had failed, we performed open resection of the calcaneal exostosis and Haglund's deformity along with debridement of the degenerative tissue of the tendon...
2016: Journal of Medical Investigation: JMI
Elissa K Butler, Tu M Tran, Anthony T Fuller, Alexa Brammell, Joao Ricardo Vissoci, Luciano de Andrade, Fredrick Makumbi, Samuel Luboga, Christine Muhumuza, Vincent F Ssennono, Jeffrey G Chipman, Moses Galukande, Michael M Haglund, Emily R Smith
PURPOSE: Little is known about the prevalence of pediatric surgical conditions in low- and middle-income countries. Many children never seek medical care, thus the true prevalence of surgical conditions in children in Uganda is unknown. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of surgical conditions in children in Uganda. METHODS: Using the Surgeons OverSeas Assessment of Surgical Need (SOSAS) survey, we enumerated 4248 individuals in 2315 households in 105 randomly selected clusters throughout Uganda...
November 2016: Pediatric Surgery International
Turab Arshad Syed, Anthony Perera
Haglund's syndrome encompasses several different pathologies, including Haglund's deformity, insertional Achilles tendonopathy, retrocalcaneal bursitis, and superficial bursitis. Traditionally treated with open surgery, there is increasing interest in a more minimally invasive approach to this difficult region to reduce complications and improve the rate and ease of recovery. We review the evidence available for 2 of these techniques: the endoscopic calcaneoplasty and percutaneous Zadek's calcaneal osteotomy (also known as Keck and Kelly's osteotomy)...
September 2016: Foot and Ankle Clinics
Gustav Andersson, Ludvig J Backman, Jens Christensen, Håkan Alfredson
BACKGROUND/AIM: In a condition of pain in the Achilles tendon insertion there are multiple structures involved, such as the Achilles tendon itself, the retrocalcaneal bursa and a bony protrusion at the calcaneal tuberosity called Haglund's deformity. The innervation patterns of these structures are scarcely described, and the subcutaneous calcaneal bursa is traditionally not considered to be involved in the pathology. This study aimed at describing the innervation patterns of the four structures described above to provide a better understanding of possible origins of pain at the Achilles tendon insertion...
March 2017: Histology and Histopathology
Florencio Jiménez Martín, María Dolores Alonso Valdazo, Gara Díaz Peña, Julia Fernández Leroy, David Hernández Herrero, Fermín Díaz García
Haglund's syndrome produces posterior impingement of the heel, which is caused by a posterosuperior calcaneal exostosis, known as Haglund's deformity, associated with Achilles tendinitis and retrocalcaneal bursitis. Its pathogenesis is unknown. We report two cases that were diagnosed clinically and confirmed radiographically. One patient was treated conservatively and the other underwent surgery. The diagnosis is based on clinical signs and radiological images, using the measurement of the parallel pitch lines, in a lateral radiograph of the ankle...
January 2017: Reumatología Clinica
Jeannie Huh, Mark E Easley, James A Nunley
BACKGROUND: An Achilles sleeve avulsion occurs when the tendon ruptures distally from its calcaneal insertion as a continuous "sleeve." This relatively rare injury pattern may not be appreciated until the time of surgery and can be challenging to treat because, unlike a midsubstance rupture, insufficient tendon remains on the calcaneus to allow for end-to-end repair, and unlike a tuberosity avulsion fracture, any bony element avulsed with the tendon is inadequate for internal fixation...
June 2016: Foot & Ankle International
Amégninou Mawuko Yao Adigo, Néille Gbèssi Gnakadja, Yaovi Yanick Dellanh, Kokou Adambounou, Oni Djagnikpo, Lama Kegdigoma Agoda-Kousséma, Abikou Léon Adoko, Komlanvi Victor Adjénou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: Pan African Medical Journal
M Tyrrell Burrus, Brian C Werner, Joseph S Park, Venkat Perumal, M Truit Cooper
UNLABELLED: Objective The objective of the present study is to utilize a national database to examine the association between obesity and postoperative complications after primary Achilles tendon repair. Methods The PearlDiver database was queried for patients undergoing primary Achilles repair using CPT 27650. Excision of a Haglund's deformity or tendon transfer were exclusion criteria. Patients were then divided into obese (body mass index [BMI] > 30 kg/m(2)) and nonobese (BMI < 30 kg/m(2)) cohorts using ICD-9 codes...
June 2016: Foot & Ankle Specialist
Tun Hing Lui
UNLABELLED: Avulsion fracture of the Achilles tendon is uncommon. Open reduction and internal fixation is indicated for displaced fracture in order to restore the normal function of the Achilles tendon. We present a patient with avulsion fracture of Achilles tendon that was complicated by the development of secondary Haglund's deformity and fibrous adhesion between the Achilles tendon and the calcaneus. He was successful treated by endoscopic calcaneoplasty and endoscopic adhesiolysis...
June 2016: Foot & Ankle Specialist
Dominic Carreira, Alicia Ballard
Endoscopic surgery provides a minimally invasive approach to visualize and treat several pathologic conditions of the Achilles tendon. Open surgery on the Achilles tendon is notorious for wound complications, whereas endoscopic procedures have been recognized for less scaring, less perioperative pain, fewer wound complications, and faster recovery. This article reviews various endoscopic techniques for the treatment of equinus contracture, Achilles rupture, Haglund's deformity, and noninsertional Achilles tendinopathy...
March 2015: Foot and Ankle Clinics
Klaus Edgar Roth, Ramona Mueller, Eike Schwand, Gerrit Stefen Maier, Irene Schmidtmann, Murat Sariyar, Uwe Maus
BACKGROUND: It has been claimed that endoscopic calcaneoplasty offers some advantages over open techniques in the surgical treatment of Haglund's deformity due to reduced postoperative complications like stiffness and pain. Bony over-resection places patients at risk of these complications. The resulting question with regard to the quantitative differences of the extent of the bone removed using these two techniques has not yet been answered. The purpose of the study was to determine the resection volume of calcaneal bone for open and endoscopic surgical techniques...
2014: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
Sm Lim, Ej Yeap, Yw Lim, M Yazid
ABSTRACT: HASH(0x3ff9f80) BACKGROUND: Insertional Achilles tendinopathy may be associated with Haglund's deformity and result in chronic pain. It is usually refractory to conservative management. The aim of this study was to assess the outcome of calcaneoplasty performed in our hospital. METHODS: Eight patients were prospectively evaluated pre- and postoperatively using the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) Hindfoot Score, Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) and Short Form (SF) 36, as well as satisfaction rate...
June 2012: Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal
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