Read by QxMD icon Read

Plantar fascia tear

Ferdinando Draghi, Salvatore Gitto, Chandra Bortolotto, Anna Guja Draghi, Gioia Ori Belometti
Plantar fascia (PF) disorders commonly cause heel pain and disability in the general population. Imaging is often required to confirm diagnosis. This review article aims to provide simple and systematic guidelines for imaging assessment of PF disease, focussing on key findings detectable on plain radiography, ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Sonographic characteristics of plantar fasciitis include PF thickening, loss of fibrillar structure, perifascial collections, calcifications and hyperaemia on Doppler imaging...
February 2017: Insights Into Imaging
Stephanie C Pascoe, Timothy J Mazzola
A 32-year-old man who participated in competitive soccer came to physical therapy via direct access for a chief complaint of plantar foot pain. The clinical examination findings and mechanism of injury raised a concern for a plantar fascia tear, so the patient was referred to the physician and magnetic resonance imaging was obtained. The magnetic resonance image confirmed a high-grade, partial-thickness, proximal plantar fascia tear with localized edema at the location of the medial band. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2016;46(6):495...
June 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
E López-Gavito, P Parra-Téllez, R Cornejo-Olvera, J Vázquez-Escamilla
The first description of tarsal tunnel is attributed to Richter in 1897, in 1932 Pollock and Davis described the syndrome for the first time, in 1960 Kopell and Thompson described the clinical features of tarsal tunnel syndrome; and in 1962 Charles Keck described tarsal tunnel syndrome in a detailed manner with clinical cases. We present the case of a 61 year old female patient who presented symptoms in 2010, she had intermittent talalgia that increased gradually, six months later pain is constant and limiting gait, EVA is 6/10, she is diagnosed with plantar fasciitis and is referred to physiotherapy with no improvement after two months of treatment...
May 2014: Acta Ortopédica Mexicana
Alex Kor
Clinical diagnostic tests objectively evaluate lower extremity ailments of the athlete. The positive squeeze test is found to be reproducible for ankle syndesmotic injury but is a poor prognosticator. The anterior drawer and talar tilt tests assess lateral ankle sprains. These have limitations secondary to positioning and guarding by the athlete, so comparison with the asymptomatic extremity is recommended. The Ottawa ankle rules assess possible fractures of the ankle and midfoot. The Thompson test evaluates Achilles tendon tears, whereas the windlass technique and the modified Lachman test examine the integrity of the plantar fascia and metatarsophalangeal joint capsule...
April 2015: Clinics in Podiatric Medicine and Surgery
Sophia E Deben, Gregory C Pomeroy
The subtle cavovarus foot (SCF) is a mild malalignment caused by either primary hindfoot varus or a plantarflexed first ray, resulting in a typical constellation of symptoms because of altered foot mechanics. Key clinical signs are a peek-a-boo heel and a positive Coleman block test. The cavovarus position places lateral ankle soft-tissue structures, such as the anterior talofibular ligament and the peroneal tendons, on stretch during normal gait. This can lead to common conditions such as lateral ankle instability, peroneal tendon tears, and stress fractures of the lateral metatarsals and cuboid...
August 2014: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
David A Elias, Andrew Carne, Sarath Bethapudi, Lars Engebretsen, Richard Budgett, Philip O'Connor
Plantar fascia and distal Achilles injuries are common in elite athletes. Acute athletic injuries of the plantar fascia include acute plantar fasciopathy and partial or complete tears. Underlying most acute injuries is a background of underlying chronic plantar fasciopathy. Injuries may affect the central or less commonly lateral portions of the fascia and acute tears are generally proximal. Athletic Achilles injuries may occur at the mid tendon or the distal insertion, and there may be an underlying chronic tendinopathy...
December 2013: Skeletal Radiology
Mukai Chimutengwende-Gordon, Paul O'Donnell, Dishan Singh
BACKGROUND: Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) is generally only indicated in patients with plantar heel pain who have atypical symptoms or who do not improve with appropriate management. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study retrospectively reviewed the MRI findings of 112 patients with heel pain divided into two groups consisting of 50 patients with persistent pain despite appropriate treatment and 62 patients with atypical heel pain. RESULTS: Of the 50 patients with persistent heel pain, 38 (76%) of MRIs confirmed the diagnosis of plantar fasciitis...
October 2010: Foot & Ankle International
Michael J Louwers, Brian Sabb, Percival H Pangilinan
Plantar fascia rupture is an occasional complication in patients with chronic plantar fasciitis or in patients with plantar fasciitis treated with steroid injection. Very few cases of spontaneous plantar fascia rupture have been reported in the literature (Herrick and Herrick, Am J Sports Med 1983;11:95; Lun et al, Clin J Sports Med 1999;9:48-9; Rolf et al, J Foot Ankle Surg 1997;36:112-4; Saxena and Fullem, Am J Sports Med 2004;32:662-5). Spontaneous medial plantar fascia rupture in a 37-yr-old man with no preceding symptoms or steroid injections was confirmed with diagnostic ultrasound, which revealed severe fasciitis at the calcaneal insertion with partial tearing...
November 2010: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
R Sutera, A Iovane, F Sorrentino, F Candela, V Mularo, G La Tona, M Midiri
PURPOSE: This study assessed the usefulness of upright weight-bearing examination of the ankle/hind foot performed with a dedicated magnetic resonance (MR) imaging scanner in the evaluation of the plantar fascia in healthy volunteers and in patients with clinical evidence of plantar fasciitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January and March 2009, 20 patients with clinical evidence of plantar fasciitis (group A) and a similar number of healthy volunteers (group B) underwent MR imaging of the ankle/hind foot in the upright weight-bearing and conventional supine position...
March 2010: La Radiologia Medica
Ba D Nguyen, Spencer F Chivers
Although PET/CT imaging provides the most comprehensive evaluation of cancer, coexisting hypermetabolic benign processes may interfere with the staging of aggressive malignancy such as melanoma and extranodal non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Acute and subacute skeletal injuries have been reported as false-positive PET findings. The authors present additional mimickers of high metabolic malignancy with a case of stage III recurrent melanoma featuring F-18 FDG accumulation at partially torn medial plantar fascia and tibiocalcaneal ligament of the left foot...
November 2006: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
Scott C Wearing, James E Smeathers, Stephen R Urry, Ewald M Hennig, Andrew P Hills
Plantar fasciitis is a musculoskeletal disorder primarily affecting the fascial enthesis. Although poorly understood, the development of plantar fasciitis is thought to have a mechanical origin. In particular, pes planus foot types and lower-limb biomechanics that result in a lowered medial longitudinal arch are thought to create excessive tensile strain within the fascia, producing microscopic tears and chronic inflammation. However, contrary to clinical doctrine, histological evidence does not support this concept, with inflammation rarely observed in chronic plantar fasciitis...
2006: Sports Medicine
Jonathan T Deland, Richard J de Asla, Il-Hoon Sung, Lauren A Ernberg, Hollis G Potter
BACKGROUND: The pathology manifested in posterior tibial tendon insufficiency (PTTI) is not limited to the posterior tibial tendon. The association of ligament failure with deformity has been discussed in numerous publications, but extensive documentation of the structures involved has not been performed. The purpose of this observational study was to identify the pattern of ligament involvement using standardized, high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in a series of 31 consecutive patients diagnosed with PTTI compared to an age matched control group without PTTI...
June 2005: Foot & Ankle International
David P. Fessell, Marnix van Holsbeeck
For specific indications, ultrasound is an inexpensive and efficient alternative to magnetic resonance (MR) imaging of the ankle and foot. In addition to the tendons, the anterior joint, retrocalcaneal bursa, ligaments, plantar fascia, and soft tissues can be imaged with ultrasound. Tenosynovitis, tendon tears and tendinosis, joint effusions, intra-articular loose bodies, ganglion cysts, plantar fasciitis, and Morton neuromas can be demonstrated with ultrasound. In most cases, a focused ankle or foot ultrasound can be performed more rapidly and efficiently than magnetic resonance imaging...
1998: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology
N M Rawool, L N Nazarian
Ultrasound is an excellent tool for evaluating common ankle problems. it is more economical than MRI and its real-time nature helps in correlating the study with the symptomatic area. US can be used in ankle to evaluate tendons (including tears, tendinitis and tenosynovitis), joints, plantar fascia, ligaments, soft tissue masses, ganglion cysts, Morton's neuroma, and to look for foreign bodies. Power Doppler can be used to evaluate blood flow in acute inflammatory process and in reflex sympathetic dystrophy...
June 2000: Seminars in Ultrasound, CT, and MR
D P Fessell, G M Vanderschueren, J A Jacobson, R Y Ceulemans, A Prasad, J G Craig, J A Bouffard, K K Shirazi, M T van Holsbeeck
For specific indications, ultrasound (US) is an efficient and inexpensive alternative to magnetic resonance (MR) imaging for evaluation of the ankle. In addition to the tendons and tendon sheaths, other ankle structures demonstrated with US include the anterior joint space, retrocalcaneal bursa, ligaments, and plantar fascia. Ankle US allows detection of tenosynovitis and tendinitis, as well as partial and complete tendon tears. Joint effusions, intraarticular bodies, ganglion cysts, ligamentous tears, and plantar fasciitis can also be diagnosed...
March 1998: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
J I Acevedo, J L Beskin
From 1992 to 1995, 765 patients with a clinical diagnosis of plantar fasciitis were evaluated by one of the authors. Fifty-one patients were diagnosed with plantar fascia rupture, and 44 of these ruptures were associated with corticosteroid injection. The authors injected 122 of the 765 patients, resulting in 12 of the 44 plantar fascia ruptures. Subjective and objective evaluations were conducted through chart and radiographic review. Thirty-nine of these patients were evaluated at an average 27-month follow-up...
February 1998: Foot & Ankle International
B Roger, P Grenier
At present, MRI is the only imaging method that can precisely visualize lesions of the superficial plantar aponeurosis, whether they be musculoaponeurositides, enthesopathies or tears, and whether they be acute or chronic, with or without complications. By its direct visualization of the lesion, MRI enables an accurate assessment of the injury to be made and thereby better orients the therapeutic strategy.
1997: European Radiology
O Jardé, J L Trinquier-Lautard, G Boulu, Y Grumbach, P Vives
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Talalgia are frequent. Their etiologies are various and diagnosis is sometimes difficult. MATERIAL: From 1980 to 1993, 12 cases of degenerative lesions of plantar aponeurosis were treated surgically. M.R.I. revealed 6 chronic aponeurositis and 6 old tears. The treatment was an aponeurectomy with resection of calcaneal spine after a conservative treatment for several months. The histological examination found inflammation in all cases (aponeurositis or rupture), a calcification of aponeurosis, a cartilaginous metaplasia and fibromatosis...
1996: Revue de Chirurgie Orthopédique et Réparatrice de L'appareil Moteur
J R Sellman
A series of 37 patients, all with a presumptive diagnosis of plantar fascia rupture, is presented. All had had prior heel pain diagnosed as plantar fasciitis, and all had been treated with corticosteroid injection into the calcaneal origin of the fascia. One third described a sudden tearing episode in the heel, while the rest had a gradual change in symptoms. Most of the patients had relief of the original heel pain, which had been replaced by a variety of new foot problems, including dorsal and lateral midfoot pain, swelling, foot weakness, metatarsal pain, and metatarsal fracture...
July 1994: Foot & Ankle International
O Helie, P Dubayle, B Boyer, C Pharaboz
MRI is an efficient imaging modality to establish the diagnosis of plantar fascia tear and plantar fasciitis. MRI allow to differentiate recent rupture from scar and fasciitis.
January 1995: Journal de Radiologie
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"