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Faculty development, medical education, Curriculum

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068362/conflict-of-interest-policies-at-french-medical-schools-starting-from-the-bottom
#1
Paul Scheffer, Christian Guy-Coichard, David Outh-Gauer, Zoéline Calet-Froissart, Mathilde Boursier, Barbara Mintzes, Jean-Sébastien Borde
BACKGROUND: Medical faculties have a role in ensuring that their students are protected from undue commercial influence during their training, and are educated about professional-industry interactions. In North America, many medical faculties have introduced more stringent conflict of interest (COI) policies during the last decade. We asked whether similar steps had been taken in France. We hypothesized that such policies may have been introduced following a 2009-2010 drug safety scandal (benfluorex, Mediator) in which COIs in medicine received prominent press attention...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050653/successfully-sustaining-sex-and-gender-issues-in-undergraduate-medical-education-a-case-study
#2
Francisca van der Meulen, Cornelia Fluit, Mieke Albers, Roland Laan, Antoine Lagro-Janssen
Although several projects have addressed the importance of gender health issues in medical education, the sustainability of change efforts in medical education has rarely been addressed. Understanding the possible facilitators or barriers to sustainability may help to develop future interventions that are effective in maintaining gender health issues as a topic in medical curricula. The aim of this study is to provide a longitudinal evaluation of changes regarding gender health issues that occurred in the past decade and the factors that influenced this process...
January 3, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032558/early-learners-as-health-coaches-for-older-adults-preparing-for-surgery
#3
Jennifer A Kaplan, Zabecca Brinson, Rebecca Hofer, Patricia O'Sullivan, Anna Chang, Helen Horvath, George J Chang, Emily Finlayson
BACKGROUND: Few opportunities exist for early learners to engage in authentic roles on health care teams. In a geriatric optimization clinic for frail high-risk surgical patients, first-year medical and nurse practitioner students were integrated into an interprofessional team as health coaches. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Frail surgical patients with planned operations were referred to a new preoperative optimization clinic to see a geriatrician, occupational, and physical therapists and a nutritionist...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031605/role-play-as-an-educational-tool-in-medication-communication-skills-students-perspectives
#4
S H Lavanya, L Kalpana, R M Veena, V D Bharath Kumar
OBJECTIVES: Medication communication skills are vital aspects of patient care that may influence treatment outcomes. However, traditional pharmacology curriculum deals with imparting factual information, with little emphasis on patient communication. The current study aims to explore students' perceptions of role-play as an educational tool in acquiring communication skills and to ascertain the need of role-play for their future clinical practice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This questionnaire-based study was done in 2(nd) professional MBBS students...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018540/development-of-a-comprehensive-communication-skills-curriculum-for-pediatrics-residents
#5
Eleanor B Peterson, Kimberly A Boland, Kristina A Bryant, Tara F McKinley, Melissa B Porter, Katherine E Potter, Aaron W Calhoun
BACKGROUND : Effective communication is an essential element of medical care and a priority of medical education. Specific interventions to teach communication skills are at the discretion of individual residency programs. OBJECTIVE : We developed the Resident Communication Skills Curriculum (RCSC), a formal curriculum designed to teach trainees the communication skills essential for high-quality practice. METHODS : A multidisciplinary working group contributed to the development of the RCSC, guided by an institutional needs assessment, literature review, and the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education core competencies...
December 2016: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009599/a-national-curriculum-of-fundamental-skills-for-plastic-surgery-residency-report-of-the-inaugural-acaps-boot-camp
#6
Edward H Davidson, Jenny C Barker, Francesco M Egro, Alexandra Krajewski, Jeffrey E Janis, Vu T Nguyen
BACKGROUND: The Inaugural American Council of Academic Plastic Surgeons Plastic Surgery Boot Camp program was developed in response to ongoing changes in graduate medical education. The Boot Camp is a hands-on, practicum-based, 3-day course to introduce core concepts in plastic surgery for new plastic surgery residents (in both integrated and independent tracks). METHODS: The course was held in Pittsburgh in July to August 2015. There were 43 attendees (35 integrated/8 independent) representing 22 residency programs across 15 states...
December 22, 2016: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909633/the-hidden-curriculum-exposing-the-unintended-lessons-of-medical-education
#7
Laura Hopkins, Lana Saciragic, Joanna Kim, Glenn Posner
INTRODUCTION:  The hidden curriculum is a set of ethical, moral, and value-based teachings communicated to doctors-in-training, providing a basis for their future interactions with patients, peers, and colleagues. The aim of our study is to introduce the concept of the hidden curriculum to a cohort of third-year medical students and to subsequently evaluate their understanding. In particular, we sought to measure and benchmark the degree of hidden curriculum recognition within a Canadian medical education context...
October 25, 2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907984/transnational-collaboration-for-faculty-development-in-health-professions-education-in-mongolia
#8
Hyun Bae Yoon, Jwa-Seop Shin, Seung-Hee Lee, Do-Hwan Kim, Minsun Sung, Nomin Amgalan, Tselmuun Chinzorig
PURPOSE: The Mongolian National University of Medical Sciences is the only national university in Mongolia and has produced more than 90% of health professionals in the country. Experts from Mongolia and Korea embarked on a collaborative effort to develop educational programs for faculty development based on the personal and professional needs of faculty members. This study aimed to evaluate the outcomes of those educational programs to determine whether this transnational collaboration was successful...
December 2016: Korean Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882523/simulation-in-undergraduate-psychiatry-exploring-the-depth-of-learner-engagement
#9
REVIEW
Petal S Abdool, Latika Nirula, Sarah Bonato, Tarek K Rajji, Ivan L Silver
OBJECTIVES: Simulation-based methodologies are increasingly used in undergraduate medical education to expand students' exposure to complex clinical scenarios. Engagement of students in these simulation-based methodologies is a key determinant of their success in learning. Thus, the authors conducted a systematic review to (1) identify simulation methods in use within the undergraduate psychiatry curriculum and (2) assess learner engagement using these methods. METHODS: Following a PRISMA methodology, the authors searched MEDLINE, ERIC, and PsychINFO databases from 1977 to 2015...
November 23, 2016: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882040/a-new-model-of-master-of-philosophy-in-physiological-sciences
#10
H R Ahmad, F M Arain, N A Khan
The objectives of Master of Philosophy (MPhil) in Physiological Sciences are: 1) to describe the new ways in which anatomy, biochemistry and physiology on one hand, and microbiology, pathology and pharmacology on other hand meet their functional requirements through multidisciplinary integrated concepts; 2) to elucidate relationships between cell biology, molecular biology and molecular genetics by connecting dots of how cell functions are driven by molecules and being controlled by genes. This forms the basis of cell, molecular and genetics [CMG] module upon which 7 multidisciplinary modules of Physiological Sciences follow; 3) these 24 credit hours provide the physiological basis for PhD studies as well as faculty development to enhance learning abilities of medical student; 4) the modules constitute Cardio- Respiratory Physiological Sciences, GI and Renal Physiological Sciences, Neurosciences, Endo-Reproductive Physiological Sciences...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871594/obstetric-team-simulation-program-challenges
#11
A S Bullough, S Wagner, T Boland, T P Waters, K Kim, W Adams
OBJECTIVE: To describe the challenges associated with the development and assessment of an obstetric emergency team simulation program. DESIGN: The goal was to develop a hybrid, in-situ and high fidelity obstetric emergency team simulation program that incorporated weekly simulation sessions on the labor and delivery unit, and quarterly, education protected sessions in the simulation center. All simulation sessions were video-recorded and reviewed. SETTING: Labor and delivery unit and simulation center...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865802/improving-the-medical-curriculum-in-predoctoral-dental-education-recommendations-from-the-american-association-of-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgeons-committee-on-predoctoral-education-and-training
#12
Matthew J Dennis, Jeffrey D Bennett, Dean M DeLuke, Erik W Evans, John W Hudson, Anders Nattestad, Gregory M Ness, Allison Yeung
Dental procedures are often performed on patients who present with some level of medical fragility. In many dental schools, the exercise of taking a medical history is all too often a transcription of information to the dental chart, with little emphasis on the presurgical risk assessment and the development of a treatment plan appropriate to the medical status of the dental patient. Changes in dentistry, driven by an increasingly medically complex population of dental patients, combined with treatment advances rooted in the biomedical sciences necessitate the adaptation of our dental education to include a stronger background in systemic health...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852144/appreciative-inquiry-in-medical-education
#13
John Sandars, Deborah Murdoch-Eaton
The practice of medicine, and also medical education, typically adopts a problem-solving approach to identify "what is going wrong" with a situation. However, an alternative is Appreciative Inquiry (AI), which adopts a positive and strengths-based approach to identify "what is going well" with a situation. The AI approach can be used for the development and enhancement of the potential of both individuals and organizations. An essential aspect of the AI approach is the generative process, in which a new situation is envisioned and both individual and collective strengths are mobilized to make changes to achieve the valued future situation...
November 17, 2016: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847048/the-joint-council-on-thoracic-surgery-education-jctse-educate-the-educators-faculty-development-course-analysis-of-the-first-5-years
#14
Stephen C Yang, Ara A Vaporciyan, Rebecca J Mark, Deborah A DaRosa, Frank T Stritter, Maura E Sullivan, Edward D Verrier
BACKGROUND: Since 2010, the Joint Council on Thoracic Surgery Education, Inc (JCTSE) has sponsored an annual "Educate the Educators" (EtE) course. The goal is to provide United States academic cardiothoracic surgeons (CTS) the fundamentals of teaching skills, educational curriculum development, and using education for academic advancement. This report describes the course development and evaluation along with attendee's self-assessment of skills through the first 5 years of the program...
December 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825662/talk-the-talk-implementing-a-communication-curriculum-for-surgical-residents
#15
Anna B Newcomb, Amber W Trickey, Melissa Porrey, Jeffrey Wright, Franco Piscitani, Paula Graling, Jonathan Dort
OBJECTIVES: The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education milestones provide a framework of specific interpersonal and communication skills that surgical trainees should aim to master. However, training and assessment of resident nontechnical skills remains challenging. We aimed to develop and implement a curriculum incorporating interactive learning principles such as group discussion and simulation-based scenarios to formalize instruction in patient-centered communication skills, and to identify best practices when building such a program...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821679/the-double-parallel-curriculum-in-palliative-care-teaching-learners-to-teach-end-of-life-care-at-the-bedside
#16
Jennifer Healy, Phylliss Chappell, Shuko Lee, Jeanette Ross, Sandra Sanchez-Reilly
CONTEXT: Dying is a natural process, yet physicians are often uncomfortable caring for dying patients. Learners have limited exposure to curriculum on caring for dying patients and often navigate these encounters without appropriate skills and confidence. We developed and implemented the Double Parallel Curriculum in Palliative Care (DP-PC): End-of-Life (EOL) module. The DP-PC focuses on teaching third-year medical students (MS3) to not only take care of patients in their last hours of life but give learners the confidence to teach patient's families what to expect as they hold vigil at their loved one's bedside...
November 7, 2016: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813682/challenges-in-translation-lessons-from-using-business-pedagogy-to-teach-leadership-in-undergraduate-medicine
#17
Dani C Cadieux, Lorelei Lingard, Daniela Kwiatkowski, Teresa Van Deven, Murray Bryant, Gary Tithecott
PROBLEM: Leadership is increasingly recognized as a core physician competency required for quality patient care, continual system improvement, and optimal healthcare team performance. Consequently, integration of leadership into medical school curriculum is becoming a priority. This raises the question of the appropriate context, timing, and pedagogy for conveying this competency to medical students. INTERVENTION: Our program introduced a 1-week leadership course grounded in business pedagogy to Year 1 medical students...
November 4, 2016: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812808/the-value-of-internet-tools-in-undergraduate-surgical-education-perspective-of-medical-students-in-a-developing-country
#18
S O Ekenze, C I Okafor, O S Ekenze, J N Nwosu, U F Ezepue
OBJECTIVE: Advances in information technology (IT) in the past decade present opportunities and challenges in undergraduate surgical education. There may be need to evaluate the knowledge base and the use of Internet tools among medical students in settings where traditional mode of education is preeminent. This may help to establish a conceptual framework for integrating e-learning into the traditional teaching to enhance learning experience. In this study, we evaluated the medical students' knowledge and use of Internet tools, and their opinion on the application of these tools in surgical education...
November 3, 2016: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27791276/the-2016-accp-pharmacotherapy-didactic-curriculum-toolkit
#19
Terry L Schwinghammer, Andrew J Crannage, Eric G Boyce, Bridget Bradley, Alyssa Christensen, Henry M Dunnenberger, Michelle Fravel, Holly Gurgle, Drayton A Hammond, Jennifer Kwon, Douglas Slain, Kurt A Wargo
The 2016 American College of Clinical Pharmacy (ACCP) Educational Affairs Committee was charged with updating and contemporizing ACCP's 2009 Pharmacotherapy Didactic Curriculum Toolkit. The toolkit has been designed to guide schools and colleges of pharmacy in developing, maintaining, and modifying their curricula. The 2016 committee reviewed the recent medical literature and other documents to identify disease states that are responsive to drug therapy. Diseases and content topics were organized by organ system, when feasible, and grouped into tiers as defined by practice competency...
October 28, 2016: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785345/workshop-summaries-from-the-2015-sex-and-gender-medical-education-summit-utilization-of-sex-and-gender-based-medical-education-resources-and-creating-student-competencies
#20
EDITORIAL
Alyson J McGregor, Ana Núñez, Rebecca Barron, Robert Casanova, Eliza Lo Chin
BACKGROUND: Despite overwhelming evidence that sex and gender are critical factors in the delivery and practice of medicine, there is no unified sex- and gender-based medicine (SGBM) undergraduate medical education curriculum. Two Workshops within the 2015 Sex and Gender Medical Education Summit: a Roadmap to Curricular Innovation sought to lay the framework for such a curriculum. METHODS: Attendees to the Sex and Gender Educational Summit self-selected attendance for one of two Workshops: (A) Utilization of SGBM Resources in U...
2016: Biology of Sex Differences
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