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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185846/adverse-childhood-experiences-aces-and-alcohol-abuse-among-south-carolina-adults
#1
Elizabeth Crouch, Elizabeth Radcliff, Melissa Strompolis, Abygail Wilson
BACKGROUND: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) have been associated with negative adult health outcomes, including alcohol misuse. The impact of ACEs on alcohol use may vary by gender, with ACEs impacting women more than men in coping with adulthood stressors. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to examine the gender-specific relationships between ACEs and self-reported binge drinking and heavy drinking in adulthood among South Carolina residents. METHODS: This study analyzed a sample of 8492 respondents who completed the 2014 or 2015 South Carolina Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) survey...
November 29, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062083/the-subpolar-north-atlantic-ocean-heat-content-variability-and-its-decomposition
#2
Weiwei Zhang, Xiao-Hai Yan
The Subpolar North Atlantic (SPNA) is one of the most important areas to global climate because its ocean heat content (OHC) is highly correlated with the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC), and its circulation strength affects the salt transport by the AMOC, which in turn feeds and sustains the strength of the AMOC. Moreover, the recent global surface warming "hiatus" may be attributed to the SPNA as one of the major planetary heat sinks. Although almost synchronized before 1996, the OHC has greater spatial disparities afterwards, which cannot be explained as driven by the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO)...
October 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031844/alternative-polyadenylation-methods-findings-and-impacts
#3
REVIEW
Wei Chen, Qi Jia, Yifan Song, Haihui Fu, Gang Wei, Ting Ni
Alternative polyadenylation (APA), a phenomenon that RNA molecules with different 3' ends originate from distinct polyadenylation sites of a single gene, is emerging as a mechanism widely used to regulate gene expression. In the present review, we first summarized various methods prevalently adopted in APA study, mainly focused on the next-generation sequencing (NGS)-based techniques specially designed for APA identification, the related bioinformatics methods, and the strategies for APA study in single cells...
October 2017: Genomics, Proteomics & Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953615/on-opportunity-for-emergency-cesarean-hysterectomy-and-pregnancy-outcomes-of-patients-with-placenta-accreta
#4
Xiang Kong, Yan Kong, Jin Yan, Jin-Ju Hu, Fang-Fang Wang, Lei Zhang
Effective diagnosis and clinical management of placenta accreta (PA) in China are not clear. The purpose of the study was to analyze the risk factors and diagnosis of PA, maternal and neonatal outcomes in patients with PA. It was a retrospective study of cases with PA, confirmed by histologically and/or clinically suspected during 3 years in 2 tertiary referral hospitals. The incidence rate of patients with PA, who had history of artificial abortion, cesarean section (CS), and placenta previa (PP) was 94%, 70%, and 72%, respectively...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863479/ag-fractal-structures-in-electroless-metal-deposition-systems-with-and-without-magnetic-field
#5
Huria Ibrahim, Hiba Farah, Amal Zein Eddin, Samih Isber, Rabih Sultan
Metal electrodeposition systems display tree-like structures with extensive ramification and a fractal character. Electrolysis is not a necessary route for the growth of such dendritic metal deposits. We can grow beautiful ramification patterns via a simple redox reaction. We present here a study of silver (Ag) deposits from the reduction of Ag(+) in (AgNO3) solution by metallic copper. The experiments are carried out in discotic geometry, in a Petri dish hosting a thin AgNO3 solution film. A variety of deposited structures and patterns is obtained at different Ag(+) concentrations, yet with essentially the same fractal dimension averaged at 1...
August 2017: Chaos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813494/passive-and-semi-active-heave-compensator-project-design-methodology-and-control-strategies
#6
William Humberto Cuellar Sanchez, Tássio Melo Linhares, André Benine Neto, Eugênio Libório Feitosa Fortaleza
Heave compensator is a system that mitigates transmission of heave movement from vessels to the equipment in the vessel. In drilling industry, a heave compensator enables drilling in offshore environments. Heave compensator attenuates movement transmitted from the vessel to the drill string and drill bit ensuring security and efficiency of the offshore drilling process. Common types of heave compensators are passive, active and semi-active compensators. This article presents 4 main points. First, a bulk modulus analysis obtains a simple condition to determine if the bulk modulus can be neglected in the design of hydropneumatic passive heave compensator...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772867/influence-of-emulsified-asphalt-on-the-mechanical-property-and-microstructure-of-cement-stabilized-gravel-under-freezing-and-thawing-cycle-conditions
#7
Yiqi Wang, Yiqiu Tan, Meng Guo, Xinglong Wang
Properties of cement-stabilized gravel modified by emulsified asphalt under freezing and thawing cycle conditions were investigated by adjusting the dosage of cement. Mercury intrusion porosimetry (MIP) and Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) were introduced to analyze the influential mechanism. The results indicate that cement emulsified asphalt stabilized gravel with 5 wt % of cement performed well in both mechanics and frost-resistance. Although the addition of emulsified asphalt would lead to a partial decrease of strength, it can extend the process of strength loss and improve the freezing resistance...
May 6, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737212/a-genome-wide-association-study-for-equine-recurrent-airway-obstruction-in-european-warmblood-horses-reveals-a-suggestive-new-quantitative-trait-locus-on-chromosome-13
#8
D Schnider, S Rieder, T Leeb, V Gerber, M Neuditschko
Recurrent airway obstruction (RAO), also known as heaves, is an asthma-like respiratory disease. Its development is strongly influenced by environmental risk factors such as sensitization and exposure to moldy hay, straw bedding and stabling indoors. A hereditary component has been documented in previous studies; however, so far no causative genetic variant that influences the risk of developing RAO has been identified. In this study, we revised an existing dataset and selected 384 horses for genotyping on the Affymetrix high-density equine SNP array...
July 24, 2017: Animal Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696773/rail-height-effects-on-safety-performance-of-midwest-guardrail-system
#9
Mojdeh Asadollahi Pajouh, Ramen D Julin, Cody S Stolle, John D Reid, Ronald K Faller
OBJECTIVE: Guardrail heights play a crucial role in the way that errant vehicles interact with roadside barriers. Low rail heights increase the propensity of vehicle rollover and override, while excessively-tall rails promote underride. Further, rail mounting heights and post embedment depths may be altered by variations in roadside terrain. An increased guardrail height may be desirable to accommodate construction tolerances, soil erosion, frost heave, and future roadway overlays. This study aimed to investigate and identify a maximum safe installation height for the Midwest Guardrail System, which would be robust and remain crashworthy before and after pavement overlays...
July 11, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384857/assessment-of-musculoskeletal-strength-and-levels-of-fatigue-during-different-phases-of-menstrual-cycle-in-young-adults
#10
L C Pallavi, Urban John D Souza, G Shivaprakash
INTRODUCTION: Some of the physiological factors and athletic performance might show variation along the phases of menstrual cycle. The alterations seen in these physiological parameters of various systems relating to oscillations in hormonal levels do affect the autonomic nervous system and metabolic functions. Former studies heave inconclusively about the influence of hormones on exercise performance, predominantly muscle strength and rate of fatigue during different phases of the menstrual cycle...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283455/synthesis-of-water-dispersible-poly-l-lysine-functionalized-magnetic-fe3o4-go-mwcnts-nanocomposite-hybrid-with-a-large-surface-area-for-high-efficiency-removal-of-tartrazine-and-pb-ii
#11
Dan Hu, Xiaodong Wan, Xiaohui Li, Jianguo Liu, Chunhua Zhou
In this study, a novel, effective and environment-friendly methods was used to prepare poly-l-lysine (PLL)-functionalized magnetic Fe3O4-(GO-MWCNTs) hybrid composite with large surface area and abundant hydroxyl and amino groups. The as-prepared PLL-Fe3O4-(GO-MWCNTs) nanocomposite was systematically characterized by FT-IR, XRD, TGA, SEM, TEM, VSM and EDX. The PLL-Fe3O4-(GO-MWCNTs) hybrid composite exhibited excellent adsorption performance for the removal of a dye (tartrazine) and a heave metal (Pb(II)). The result showed that adsorption of Pb(II) reached equilibrium in 30min and adsorption of tartrazine reached equilibrium in approximately 60min...
December 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240945/evaluation-of-contractile-phenotype-in-airway-smooth-muscle-cells-isolated-from-endobronchial-biopsy-and-tissue-specimens-from-horses
#12
Amandine Vargas, Aude Peltier, Jean Dubé, Josiane Lefebvre-Lavoie, Véronique Moulin, Francine Goulet, Jean-Pierre Lavoie
OBJECTIVE To develop a method to maintain the initial phenotype of airway smooth muscle (ASM) cells isolated from equine endobronchial biopsy specimens in long-term cell culture. SAMPLE Endobronchial tissue specimens (8 to 10/horse) collected from the lungs of previously healthy horses at necropsy (n = 12) and endobronchial biopsy specimens collected from standing, sedated, heaves-affected horses in clinical remission of the disease (5) and control horses (4). PROCEDURES A sampling protocol was developed to recover and maintain a contractile phenotype in ASM cells from endobronchial specimens from freshly harvested equine lungs and from healthy and heaves-affected horses...
March 2017: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134632/posterior-medial-canthal-thermoplasty
#13
Kaveh Vahdani, Vladimir Theodor Thaller
PURPOSE: To describe a new, simple, quick, and minimally invasive surgical technique for managing medial canthal tendon laxity. METHODS: The technique works by creating a directed posterior lamellar scar. Sutures are preplaced in firm medial canthal tissue, and a triangular diathermy burn is made between this fixation point and the medial tarsal plate (sparing the canaliculus). This area is then plicated horizontally by bringing the preplaced sutures through the medial tarsal plate...
May 2017: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094239/performance-variation-due-to-stiffness-in-a-tuna-inspired-flexible-foil-model
#14
Mariel-Luisa N Rosic, Patrick J M Thornycroft, Kara L Feilich, Kelsey N Lucas, George V Lauder
Tuna are fast, economical swimmers in part due to their stiff, high aspect ratio caudal fins and streamlined bodies. Previous studies using passive caudal fin models have suggested that while high aspect ratio tail shapes such as a tuna's generally perform well, tail performance cannot be determined from shape alone. In this study, we analyzed the swimming performance of tuna-tail-shaped hydrofoils of a wide range of stiffnesses, heave amplitudes, and frequencies to determine how stiffness and kinematics affect multiple swimming performance parameters for a single foil shape...
January 17, 2017: Bioinspiration & Biomimetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092612/evaluation-of-serum-cytokine-levels-in-recurrent-airway-obstruction
#15
A Niedźwiedź, H Borowicz, K Kubiak, J Nicpoń, P Skrzypczak, Z Jaworski, M Cegielski, J Nicpoń
Recurrent airway obstruction (RAO) represents a serious health problem and is traditionally classified as an allergic disease, where contact with an antigen can induce clinical airway inflammation, bronchial hyper-responsiveness and reversible airway obstruction. Previous studies have demonstrated the presence of the Th2 response in the lungs of human patients with asthma and horses with heaves. These cells are involved in the production of cytokines which regulate the synthesis of immunoglobulins. 40 horses were evaluated: 30 horses with RAO and 10 healthy animals...
December 1, 2016: Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989570/the-effect-of-tannic-acid-on-the-bone-tissue-of-adult-male-wistar-rats-exposed-to-cadmium-and-lead
#16
Ewa Tomaszewska, Piotr Dobrowolski, Anna Winiarska-Mieczan, Małgorzata Kwiecień, Agnieszka Tomczyk, Siemowit Muszyński
Toxic elements such as cadmium (Cd) and lead (Pb) accumulate to the largest extent in bones. Rats at the age of 12 weeks were used to check whether tannic acid (TA) at the concentration of 0.5%, 1.0%, 1.5%. 2.0% or 2.5% would have a protective effect on the structure and properties of bones in the case of exposure to Cd and Pb (diet: 7mg Cd/kg and 50mg Pb/kg) for 12 weeks. The effects of administration of TA in Cd- and Pb-poisoned rats on bone mechanical and geometric properties, trabecular histomorphometry as well as the morphology of articular and growth cartilages were determined...
March 2, 2017: Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology: Official Journal of the Gesellschaft Für Toxikologische Pathologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941208/-current-views-on-the-interaction-between-the-treatment-of-osteoporosis-and-cardiovascular-diseases
#17
REVIEW
Tomasz Zapolski, Andrzej Wysokiński
The most common medical conditions after menopause are osteoporosis and atherosclerotic disease. Traditionally these two conditions were considered unrelated and their coexistence has been attributed to independent processess exclusively reated to age. The possible link between cardiovascular disease and osteoporosis stimulates today to analyse not only the evidence of a possible association, but also to identify mutual beneficial and adverse effects of drugs used in these two diseases. That's why, the focus on the interference between osteoporosis treatment and drugs used for atherosclerosis is made...
2016: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882632/rocking-the-boat-does-perfect-rowing-crew-synchronization-reduce-detrimental-boat-movements
#18
L S Cuijpers, P J M Passos, A Murgia, A Hoogerheide, K A P M Lemmink, H J de Poel
In crew rowing, crew members need to mutually synchronize their movements to achieve optimal crew performance. Intuitively, poor crew coordination is often deemed to involve additional boat movements such as surge velocity fluctuations, heave, pitch, and roll, which would imply lower efficiency (eg, due to increased hydrodynamic drag). The aim of this study was to investigate this alleged relation between crew coordination and boat movements at different stroke rates. Fifteen crews of two rowers rowed in a double scull (ie, a two-person boat) at 18, 22, 26, 30, and 34 strokes per minute...
November 23, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634410/postoperative-dyspnoea
#19
Jason R Sims, Maurice Enriquez-Sarano, Hector I Michelena
CLINICAL INTRODUCTION: A man in his 50s presented with abscessed aortic valve methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus endocarditis, received intravenous antibiotics and underwent bioprosthetic aortic valve replacement with removal of all infected tissues. He returned 18 days later with severe dyspnoea, subjective fever and bilateral lower extremity oedema. Physical examination revealed tachypnoea and tachycardia without fever, prominent neck CV waves visible at 90°, left parasternal heave, 3/6 holosystolic murmur across the precordium, lung rales and severe peripheral oedema...
March 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27631687/surfactant-foam-flushing-for-in-situ-removal-of-dnapls-in-shallow-soils
#20
Julien Maire, Nicolas Fatin-Rouge
An innovative process combining surfactant foam and surfactant flushing (SF) for the remediation of a shallow saturated soil contaminated with a dense non-aqueous phase liquid (DNAPL) residual was investigated at bench-scale. First, foam was formed by injecting DHSS surfactant and nitrogen in alternation in soil (SAG process) at constant pressure. The effect of pressure gradients set point (≤90kPam(-1)) on DNAPL recovery was investigated. Foam front mobilized DNAPL with a piston-like fast propagation (1.8md(-1)) despite the low pressure gradients...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
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